change?"; whereto Hasib answered, "Verily, I feel as I were on
fire from front to foot." The villain Wazir made no reply hiding
the truth but said, " Hand me the second phial, that I may drink
what is therein, so haply I may be made whole of this ailing m
my loins." So Hasib brought him the first phial and he drank it
off, thinking it contained the second scum ; but hardly had he
1 The Wazir repeats all the words spoken by the Queen but " in iteration there is no
The Queen of the Serpents. 393
done drinking when the phial fell from his hand and he swelled up
and dropped down dead ; and thus was exemplified in him the
saying; " Whoso for his brother diggeth a pit, he shall be the first
to fall into it." Now when Hasib saw this, he wondered and
feared to drink of the second phial ; but he remembered the
Serpent-queen's injunction and bethought him that the Wazir
would not have reserved the second scum for himself, had there
been aught of hurt therein. So he said, " I put my trust in
Allah," 1 and drank off the contents of the phial. No sooner had
he done so, than the Most Highest made the waters of wisdom to
well up in his heart and opened to him the fountains of know-
ledge, and joy and gladness overcame him. Then he took the
serpent's flesh from the cauldron and, laying it on a platter of
brass, went forth from the Wazir's house. On his way to the
palace he raised his eyes and saw the seven Heavens and all that
therein is, even to the Lote-tree, beyond which there is no passing, 8
and the manner of the revolution of the spheres. Moreover,
Allah discovered to him the ordinance of the planets and the
scheme of their movements and the fixed stars ; and he saw the
contour of the land and sea, whereby he became informed with
geometry, astrology and astronomy and mathematics and all that
hangeth thereby ; and he understood the causes and consequences
of eclipses of the sun and moon. Then he looked at the earth
and saw all minerals and vegetables that are therein and thereon ;
and he learned their properties, and their virtues, so that he
became in an instant versed in medicine and chemistry and
natural magic and the art of making gold and silver. And he
ceased not carrying the flesh till he came to the palace, when
he went in to King Karazdan, and kissing the ground before
him, said, " May thy head survive thy Wazir Shamhur ! ' The
King was mightily angered at the news of the Grand Wazir's
death and wept for him, whilst his Emirs and his Grandees and
officers also wept. Then said Karazdan, " He was with me but
now, in all health, and went away to fetch me the flesh of the
Queen of the Serpents, if it should be cooked ; what befel him
1 A phrase always in the Moslem's mouth : the slang meaning of " we put our trust in
Allah " is " let's cut our stick."
8 Koran tiii. 14, This " Sidrat al-Muntahi " (Zizyphus lotus) stands in the seventh
heaven on the right hand of Allah's throne : and even the angels may not pass
394 Alf Laylah wa Laylah.
that he is now dead, and what accident hath betided him ? " So
Hasib told him the whole truth how the Minister had drunk the
contents of the phial and had forthwith swelled out and died.
The King mourned for his loss with mourning sore and said to
Hasib, " What shall I do without Shamhur ? " and Hasib answered
" Grieve not, O King of the age ; for I will cure thee within three
days and leave no whit of disease in thy body." At this the
King's breast waxed broad and he said, " I wish to be made
whole of this affliction, though after a long term of years." So
Hasib set the platter before the King and made him eat a slice
of the flesh of the Serpent-queen. Then he covered him up and,
spreading a kerchief over his face, bade him sleep and sat down
by his side. He slept from noonday till sundown, while his
stomach digested the piece of flesh, and presently he awoke.
Hasib gave him somewhat of wine to drink and bade him sleep
again ; so he slept till the morning and when dawn appearedj
Hasib repeated the treatment making him eat another piece of
the flesh ; and thus he did with him three days following, till
he had eaten the whole, when his skin began to shrink and
scale off and he perspired, so that the sweat ran down from his
head to his heels. Therewith he became whole and there abode
in him no trace of the disease, which when Hasib saw, he said,
" There is no help for it but thou go to the Hammam." So
he carried him to the bath and washed his body ; and when
he came forth, it was like a wand of silver and he was restored
to health, nay, sounder than he was before he fell ill. Thereupon
he donned his richest robes and, seating himself on his throne,
deigned make Hasib sit beside him. Then he bade the tables
be spread and they ate and washed their hands ; after which he
called for the service of wine and both drank their fill. Upon
this all his Wazirs and Emirs and Captains and the Grandees
of his realm and the notables of the lieges came in to him and
gave him joy of his recovery ; and they beat the drums and
adorned the city in token of rejoicing. Then said the King
to the assembly, " O Wazirs and Emirs and Grandees, this is
Hasib Karim al-Din, who hath healed me of my sickness, and
know all here present that I make him my Chief Wazir in the
stead of the Wazir Shamhur." And Shahrazad perceived the
dawn of day and ceased to say her permitted say.
The Queen of tlie Serpents. 395
ttfofo fofjen ft tons tlje Jptbc $3untorrtJ anto
She continued, It hath reached me, O auspicious King-, that quoth
King Karazdan to his Ministers and' high lords, " He who healed
me of my sickness is none other than Hasib Karim al-Din here
present. Therefore I make him my Chief Wazir in the stead of
the Wazir Shamhur ; and whoso loveth him loveth me, and whoso
honoureth him honoureth me, and he who obeyeth him obeyeth
me." " Hearkening and obedience," answered they and all rising
flocked to kiss Hasib's hand and salute him and give him joy
of the Wazirate. Then the King bestowed on him a splendid
dress of gold brocade, set with pearls and gems, the least of
which was worth five thousand gold pieces. Moreover, he pre-
sented to him three hundred male white slaves and the like
number of concubines, in loveliness like moons, and three hundred
Abyssinian l slave-girls, beside five hundred mules laden with
treasure and sheep and oxen and buffaloes and bulls and other
cattle beyond count ; and he commanded all his Wazirs and
Emirs and Grandees and Notables and Mamelukes and his subjects
in general to bring him gifts. Presently Hasib took horse and rode,
followed by the Wazirs and Emirs and lords and all the troops,
to the house which the King had set apart for him, where he sat
down on a chair ; and the Wazirs and Emirs came up to him and
kissed hands and gave him joy of his Ministership, vying with one
another in suit and service. -When his mother and his household
knew what had happened, -they rejoiced with exceeding joy and
congratulated him on his good fortune ; and his quondam com-
rades the woodcutters also came and gave him joy. Then he
mounted again and, riding to the house of the late Wazir
Shamhur, laid hands on all that was therein and transported it
to his own abode. On this wise did Hasib, from a dunsical
know-nothing, unskilled to read writing, become, by the decree
of Allah Almighty, an adept in every science and versed in all
manner of knowledge, so that the fame of his learning was blazed
abroad over the land and he became renowned as an ocean of
1 Arab. "Habash": the word means more than "Abyssinia" as it includes the
Dankali Country and the sea-board, a fact unknown to the late Lord Stratford de
Redcliffe when he disputed with the Porte. I ventured to set him right and suffered
396 A If Laylah wa Lay Ink.
lore and skill in medicine and astronomy and geometry and
astrology and alchemy and natural magic and the Cabbala and
Spiritualism and all other arts and sciences. One day, he said
to his mother, " My father Daniel was exceeding wise and
learned ; tell me what he left by way of books or what not ! "
So his mother brought him the chest and, taking out the five
leaves which had been saved when the library was lost, gave
them to him saying, "These five scrolls are all thy father left
thee." So he read them and said to her, " O my mother, these
leaves are part of a book : where is the rest ? " Quoth she, " Thy
father made a voyage taking with him all his library and, when
he was shipwrecked, every book was lost save only these five
leaves. And when he was returned to me by Almighty Allah
he found me with child and said to me : Haply thou wilt bear
a boy ; so take these scrolls and keep them by thee and whenas
thy son shall grow up and ask what his father left him, give
these leaves to him and say, Thy father left these as thine only
heritance. And lo ! here they are." And Hasib, now the most
learned of his age, abode in all pleasure and solace and delight
of life, till there came to him the Destroyer of delights and the
Severer of societies. 1 And yet, O King, is not this tale of
Bulukiya and Janshah more wondrous than the adventures of
1 Here ends vol. ii. of the Mac. Edit.
END OF VOLUME V.
A'ARAp (At-) = partition-wall (chap-
ter of the Koran) . . . 217
Aaron's Rod (becomes with Moslems
Moses' Staff) . . . .238
A'amash (A1-), traditionist . . 8l
A'araj (A1-), traditionist . . . ib.
Abdallah (a neutral name) . . 141
Abdallah bin Mas' ud (traditionist) . Si
Abdallah bin Salim (traditionist) . id.
Abjad (Hebrew- Arabic alphabet) . 229
Ablution (difference of fashion in per-
forming it) . . . .112
Abraham (the friend of God) . . 205
Abrogating and abrogated (versets) . 194
Abu al-Abbas al-Mubarrad (gram-
Abu al-Abbas al-Rakashi (poet) . 77
Abu al-Ayna ..... 164
Abu al-Husn = Father of Beauty (a
fancy name) .... 189
Abu Ali, see Di'ibil al-Khuza'i.
Abu Bakr (Caliph) . . . .235
Abu Bakr Mohammed al-Anbari
(grammarian) .... 14*
Abu Haris =: Father of spoils (lion) 40
Abu Horayrah (uncle of Mohammed) 81
Abu Tammam (poet) . . -157
Abu Zanad (traditionist) . . .81
Abu Zarr (Companion of the Apostle) 102
Adi bin Zayd (poet) . . .124
Adil (A1-) =the Just (Caliph Omar) 103
Adnan (Arab genealogy begins with) IOO
Adultery (etc. to be proved by four
witnesses) . . 97
Adulteress (none without an adulterer)
Ahram (A1-) == the Pyramids . .
Akabah (mountain pass near Meccah)
Akasirah =. sons of the royal Chos-
Akhir al-Zaman the latter days .
Alam z^ way-mark, etc. . . .
Alcove (corruption of al-Kubbah)
Aleppo (noted for debauchery) . .
Ali bin Mohammed bin Abdallah bin
Tahir (Governor) . . .
Ali ibn Abi Talib . . . 213
Alish takish (acting woman and man
Allah (desire unto) . . . .
- (corporeality of?) . . .
- requite you abundantly =
"thank you" . . .
- (seeking refuge with) . .
- (names of) ....
Allaho Akbar of prohibition . .
Allamdolillah (pronounced to avert
the evil eye) ....
Alma = brown- (not "damask-")
Amin (A1-), Caliph . . . 93;
Amru bin Ma'adi Karib (poet) . .
Amru bin Masa'dah (Pr. N.) . .
'Amuriyah r= the classical Amorium
"Ana" (from Night ccclxxxi.
Ana a'amil = I will do it (Egypto-
Syrian vulgarism) . . .
Alf Laylah wa Laylah.
Ant (chapter ix. of the Koran) . 213
Anthropophagy (allowed when it
saves life) 1 86
Anushirwan = Anushfnrawan =
Sweet of Soul .... 87
'Ar (A1-) == shame . . .138
Arab al-Arba = Arab of pure and
genuine blood . . . . 101
(Arab horses (breeds of) . . . 246
Arab-land and Ajamz= all the world
over ...... 136
Arafat (mount where the victims are
not slaughtered) . . . 295
Arithmetic (not mastered by Mos-
lems) . ... 236
Arsh the ninth Heaven . . 167
Ashab al-Suffah .... 102
Atbak = trays 264
Ayishah bint Talhah (granddaughter
of Abu Bakr .... 79
Ayn = eye, for helper ... 60
Ayns (verset of the 140) . . .217
Azal = eternity without beginning
(opposed to Abad = infinity) . 390
Azan = call to prayer . . . 201
BA'ALBAK =: Ba'al's-city . . 5 1
Bactrian camel 371
Badal substitute .... 249
Badawi (truth-telling and blunt in
Badinjan == Solanum pomiferum, or
S. Melongena .... 4
Bahak = white leprosy . . . 294
Bahr al-Kumiz = Sea of Treasures . 37
Bahrwan (Pr. N. for Bihrun?). . 329
Baldbil, pi. ofbulbul (nightingale) and
balbalah (grief) .... 244
Baldrick (Hamail) .... 158
Banu Ozrah (tribe renowned as lovers) 70
Baras white leprosy . . . 294
Barmahat (seventh Coptic month) . 231
Barmiidah (eighth Coptic month) . 232
Basmalah = pronouncing the formula
(commonly pronounced "Bis-
Bat (has seed like a man's) . . 85
(Arab. Khaffash, Watwdt) . 226
Baydak = pawn in chess . . ."43
(A1-) = the house (cage) . 269
BE! and IT BECOMETH . . 240; 286
Beard combed by the fingers in the
\Vuzii 198 ; 209
Bida'ah = Innovation . . . 167
Bika'a = convents (pilgrimages to) 125
Bint Shumukh (Pr. N. == daughter of
Bird (created by Jesus) . . .211
(seen by Abu Bakr in the cave) 235
Birds (songs and cries of) 50
Bismillah =. in the name of Allah . 206
Biza'at= capital, business-concern . 8l
Blast (of the last trumpet) . . 310
Brain (fans vtneris in man) . . 46
Brasier (Kanun, Mankal) . . . 273
Breast-bone (Taraib) . . .132
Breath (healing by the) ... 29
Bridal couch (attitudinising thereon) 75
Brotherhood (sworn in Allah Al-
mighty) . . 43
Bulbul (departed with Tommy Moore.
Englished by " nightingale ") . 48
Bull (of the Earth Gaw-i-Zamin) 324
CALIPHATE (defective title to)
Camel (-colts roasted whole) .
(feeding on and vindictive-
ness) ... ...
Carat = ^ of a dinar or miskal
something under $d. .
Circumcision (how practised) .
Cities (two-mosqued for large and
consequently vicious ones) .
Clitoris (Zambur) and its excision
Coffee (first mention of) .
Covered (the, chapter of the Koran)
Cow (chapter ii. of the Koran)
Creation (is it and its Empire not
Crepitus ventris and Ethnology
Cubit (the Hashimi= 1 8 inches)
DAMON AND PYTHIAS .
Dani wa gharib = friend and foe
Danik sixth part of a dirham
Dead (buried at once) . .
Death (from love) .
(every soul shall taste of it)
- (of a good Moslem) . .
Devil (stoned at Mina) . . 203,
Devotees (address Allah as a lover
would his beloved) . . .
Di'ibil al-Khuza'i (poet) . . .
Dimyat (vulg. Dumiyat) = Damietta
Dissection (practised on Simiads) .
Diyar-i-Bakr = maid-land .
- (phenomenal) .
- (sad) ... .
Door (behind it the door-keeper's
seat) ... .
Dreams (lovers meet in) . . .
EATABLES (their exchange must be
Eating (how it should be done) .
Empire (endureth with infidelity but
not with tyranny) . . .
Eunuchs (and their wives) . .
- (avoid allusion to their mis-
Eve (Arab. Hawwa). . . .
Eye (likened to the letter Sad, the
brow to Nan) ....
(Ayn, for helper) . .
FA'iLrr agent, active (Sodomite) .
Fakir =: religious mendicant . .
Fakru (A1-) fakhri = poverty is my
pride (saying of Mohammed) .
Fars =. Persia . .
Fart (in return for chaff) .
- (and Badawi " pundonor
Fast (and its break) . . ,
(when forbidden) .
Fatihah (position of the hands
reciting it) ...
(recited seven times
greater solemnity) .
Fay laysuf= philosopher . . .
Fealty of the Steep . . . -
Fi'1-Khawafik := among the flags, etc.
Fingers and toes (separated to wash
between them) . .
" Fire (of Hell) but not shame " .
Fire (handled without injury, a
common conjuring trick) . 271
Fire-sticks (Zind, Zindah) . 52
Fishar =: squeeze of the tomb . .Ill
Fisherman (Arab contrasted with
English) .... 51
" Forbid not yourselves the good
things which Allah hath allowed
you". . . . 216
Formication (accompanying a para-
lytic stroke) . . 25 1
Fruits (fresh and dry) . 4 314
GARDEN (with rivers flowing under
it, Koranic phrase) . . 356
Gaw-i-Zamfn =. the Bull of the Earth 324
Genealogy (Arab, begins with Adnan) 100
Ghatafan (Pr. N. = proud, petulant) 361
Ghaut = Saridah, q. v. . . 223
Ghazanfar ibn Kamkhil = Lion, son
of(?) . - . 363
Ghilman (counterpart of the Houris) 64
Ghimd (Ghamad) =z scabbard . . 158
Ghoonj (Ghunj) = art of moving in
coition ..... 80
Ghusl = complete ablution . . 199
Girl (of nine plus five = in her prime) 1 92
Greetings before the world . 34
= Abyssinia and something
more ... .
Habba-za !~ good this ! . .
Hadi (A1-), Caliph . .
Hadis = saying of the Apostle, tradi-
Hajar Jahannam = hell-stone, lava,
basalt. . .
Hajj = pilgrimage ....
Hakim (A1-) bi-Amri ll'ah (Caliph,
not to be confounded with the
Hakk (A1-) the Truth (Allah) .
Halabi Shelebi = the Aleppine is a
fellow fine . .
Hamail = baldrick , . .
Hamdm =: wood-pigeon ...
- (al-Ayk) = " culver of the
copse '') . .
Hammam (hired for private parties) .
Handfuls (the two) ,
Hands (their feel guides the physician)
A If Laylah wa Laylah.
Hands (how held in reciting the
Fatihah . . .80
- (bitten in repentance) . .191
Hamit = tavern, booth, etc. . 142
Hanzal = coloquintida . . 19
Hariri (A1-) = the silk-man (poet) 158
Harjdh =. (a man of) any place ? 27
Hasib Karfm al-Din (Pr. N.). 298
Hashimi cubit = 18 inches . 371
" Haunted " == inhabited by Jinns 175
Hawwar=Eve . 139
Haykal = temple, chapel . 192
Kazar = (the bird of) a thousand
Hazramaut (the Biblical Hazarma-
Heart (from a, full of wrath = in
spite of himself) .... 68
Hindi = Indian Moslem opposed to
Hindiba = Endive .... 226
Hirah (Christian city in Mesopotamia) 124
Hirakl (monastery of) . . .138
Hisham ibn Orwah (traditionist) 81
Hizb section of the Koran . .217
Honayn (scene of one of Moham-
med's battles) .... 66
Honey (bees', as distinguished from
cane honey) ....
" Honey-moon " (lasts a week) . 62
Horses (Arab breeds) . . . 246
Hosh =r mean courts at Cairo . . 170
Hour (of Judgment). . . . 235
House (haunted = inhabited by
Hudud al-Haram = bounds of the
Holy Places . . . .148
Humours (of Hippocrates) . . 218
Hydropathic treatment of wounds
held dangerous .... 200
Hypocrite (Munafik) . . . 207
iBLfs (Cherubim cherished by Allah) 319
(cursed and expelled) . . 320
Ibn Abbas (Companion) . . .212
I'itikaf (A1-) = retreat . . . 202
Ikalat (A1-) = cancelling, "resilia-
Iksir (A1-) = an essence (the philoso-
pher's " stone "). . . -315
Hah = God . . 106
Ilm al-Kaf = K-science for Al-
Images (of living beings forbidden) 3
= statues .... 223
Impurity (ceremonial different from
Imsak =: retention (prolongatio
veneris) .... 76
In'ash = raising from the bier (a
"pick-me-up") < . .6?
Indrajal = white magic . . 307
Innovation (Arab. Bida'ah) . . 167
Intention (of prayer, Niyat) . 163, 196
Intercession (disputed doctrine) . 241
Iskandar Zu al-Karnayn Alexander
Matagrabolized .... 252
Israffl (blows the last trumpet) . 310
Istikharah = praying for direction
by omens, etc 44
Istinshdk =: snuffing water through
the nostrils ....
JA'AFAR BIN MusA AL-HADI
Jabal Mukattam (sea-cliff upon which
Cairo is built) ....
Jabal Nur .....
Jabal al-Sakla (Thakla) = mount of
the women bereft of children
Jabir bin Abdallah (disciple of Mo-
Jahannam =r Hell . 36 J
Jalalah = saying " Jalla Jalalu-hu"
= magnified be His Majesty
Jallabiyat = gaberdine .
Jama'at =. community . . .
Jami' cathedral mo?que
Jarni'dn =: two cathedrals
Jamm =: ocean . .
Janshdh (Pr. N. = King of Life .
Jauzar = Bubalus (Ariel antelope) .
Jawari = slave-girls, rhyming with
dam'a jari = flowing tears .
Jesus (bird of) ....
(crucified in effigy) . .
(compared with Adam)
Jew (prefers dying on the floor, not
in bed) .
Judgment (hour of) ...
Juzdm = black leprosy .
2 3 8
KADisfYAH (AL-), cfty in Irak .
Ka"fs (verset of the three-and-twenty)
Kahwajiyah = coffee -makers . .
Kalamdan = pen-case . . .
Kalla-ma = it is seldom . .
Kanjifah = pack of cards . .
Kanun = brasier . . . .
Kari = Koran-reader . .
Karkh (A1-), quarter of Baghdad .
.Cdrun = Korah of the Bible . .
Kawaid (pi. of Kaid = governor) .
Khabal = pus flowing from the
Khalil (Al - ) the friend, i.e. of
Allah ==: Abraham
Khayal (A1-) = phantom, "ghost,"
Khawwas (A1-) = basket-maker .
Khilal =. tooth-pick (emblem of
Khizr (A1-), the Green Prophet .
Khuffash = Bat . . .
Khunsa = hermaphrodite (also cata-
Khusrau Parwiz and Shirin . .
(his wealth) . . .
Khutnah = circumcision . .
Kiblah (turning towards it in mortal
danger) . . . . -
(anything opposite) applied
to the Ka'abah . . . .
Kiblatayn =: the two Kiblahs
(Meccah and Jerusalem) . .
Killed = Hibernice " kilt " . .
King (the, and the Virtuous Wife) .
Kisra = the Chosroe (applied to
Xiss (without moustachio = bread
without salt) . . . .
Kit (of the traveller in the East) .
Kiyahk (fourth Coptic month) . .
Kneeling (in prayer exclusively Chris-
tian) . . . . .
Kohl-needle in the Kohl-case = res
Korah (KaVun) ....
Koran quoted (xxvi. 5, 6) . .
(xxxiii. 48) ...
(xxxviii. 2) . . . .
- (vii. 195) . . , .
294 Koran quoted (x. 36)
(iv. 38, 175; ii. 282) .
f vii f* T ^
(xxvi. 165) ....
(xxi. 36) '
(\/i i T A R\
(iv. 160) ....
(viii. 66) ....
(xxxix. 67 ; 'xxviii. 19) .
/..i: - *TY Q^N
(chapt. of The Cow) .
(xvi. 92 ; xxxix. 54 ; Ixx,
(ii. 28, 107; xii. 18; xvi.
ioo ; Ii. 57)
(ix. ; xxvii. 30 ; xcvi. I, 2) .
(ii. 158; xvii. HO)
(v. 4 ; xxx. ; Ixxiv. I ; xcvi. ;
ex. I) ....
/:., 1 1 A . ** fi<- T if.}
(vii. 154; xi. 50).
(xvii. 39) ....
(ii. 216 ; v. 92) .
(x. 5; xxii. 60; xxxvi. 40;
(xxxi. 34) .
(xxxvi. 37, 38) .
(xx. 57 ; xxii. 7)
(Ixxxi. 18) .
(iii. ; vii. no)
(xxxvi. 82) ....
(vi; 44) ....
(vii. 52) ....
(xxxvi. 82) .
(v. 108) ....
(xiii. 41) . ,
/ jj \
- (xxvii. 16) ....
(abrogating and abrogated
(most excellent chapter of)
(eminent and curious verses
Kubbat (A1-) = alcove .
Kurrat al-Ayn (Pr. N. = coolness
of the eye) ....
A If Laylak wa Laylah.
Kutb = axle, pole; hence prince,
doyen in sainthood . 34
LA'AL = ruby . -342
La'an = curse ... 250
Labbay'ka = here I am (pronounced
on sighting Meccah) . .
Lactation (term of) .
(no cohabitation during) .
Lami (A1-) = the 1-shaped, forked
(os hyoides) . .219
Lane quoted 32 ; 33 ; 37 5 44 J 45 6 4 5
104; 112; 120; 121 ; 145; l8 9;
201 ; 286 ; 298
Lauh = tablet used as slate . 73
al-Mahfuz = the Preserved
Tablet (of Allah's decrees)
Lau ld-ka = but for thee, for thy
Leprosy (white = bahak or baras,
black = juzam) .