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Corn production act, 1917 with explanatory memorandum online

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THE LAND UNION

15, LOWER GROSYENOR PLACE

LONDON, S:W.l





THE LIBRARY
OF

THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES



CORN PRODUCTION
ACT, 1917

[7 and 8 Cieo. 5, Ch. 4G]
WITH

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM



BY

C_CROFTON BLACK, B.A. (caniab.

of the Middle Tenrpie, Barrister-at-Law
Assistant and Legal Secretary to the Land Union



THE LAND UNION

13. LOWER GROSVENOR PLACE
LONDOiN, S.W.I

PRICE FOUR SHILLINGS
1917



►t^^






HD



'ion. U



PREFACE



w This Memorandum in no way claims to be an

»— . . .

^exhaustive legal and technical explanation of the Corn

>- Production Act, nor does it deal with questions of

^ policy.

£2

— • The whole object of the Memorandum has been to

set out in simple language the provisions of the Act as

it now appears upon the Statute Book, and as such Act

o introduces a novel system in agriculture, and as its

92 meaning is sometimes a little difficult to understand,

^it is hoped that these notes may be of some slight

cj assistance to the farmers, landowners, estate agents,
lu ...

Oand others now called upon to carry out its provisions.

Much of the administration of the Act will be done

by Regulations not yet issued, but should the present

c3 notes assist in the interpretation of the Statute, the

SAuthor, although fully aware of the deficiency of his

^work, will feel that it has not been done in vain.
:s

C. C. B.



Ocloher, 1917.

38683



GENERAL INDEX.



PAGE.

Memorandum . . . . . . .... 9

Corn Production Act . . . . .... . . 47

Agricultural Holdings Act, 1908. ►Second Schedule. . 72

Official Memorandum on Wages . by Board oi

Agriculture and Fisheries . . . . . . 75



NOTE.

The numbers in the margin of the Memorandum refer to
the Sections in the Corn Production Act.



INDEX TO MEMORANDUM.



■ ^ • Page

Able-bodied Mek — .. .. .. ., .. .. 14

Entitled to minimum wage from coramencemcnt of Act 15

Can sue for arrears by civil action . . . . . . 16

Entitled to minimum wage equivalent to 25s. jxt week 20

Position as regards piece work .. .. .. .. 18

Wages Board must fix a minimum rate of wages enabling

him and family to live comfortably . . . . . . 20

Position of able-bodied men not considered so by employer 18

Position of able-bodied men in private gardens . . . . 14

All able-bodied men in every branch of agriculture

included . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14, 37

Act —

Agricultural Holdings —

Second Schedule . . . . . . . . . . 72

Arbitration under 7, 21, 25, 28, 34

Scotland 34, 39

Corn Production . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

Date of commencement of . . . . . . . . 9

Period of continuation of . . . . . . . . 9

Postponement of Part IV, of 0, 24

Corn Returns . . . . . . . . . . . . 10

Defence of the Realm . . . . . . . . 24, 28, 32

Land Law (Ireland) . . . . . . . . . . 34, 41

Small Landowners Scotland . . . . . . . . 39, 40

Trades Board . . . . . . . . . . . . 43

Agriculture, Definition of . . . . . . . . 14, 24, 37

Agricultural Rents, Restrictions on raising . . . . . . 21

Agricultural Wages Boards —

Established by Board of Agriculture and Fish*
Methods of appointment

Will fix minimum rate of wages for time work
May fix minimum raft's for piece work . .
May act for workmen

Appeal against order as to cultivation
for compensation

Board of Agricultltie and Fisheries —
Will pay bonus on cor.i
To publish average prices . .
Can adjust amount of bonus payable
Have powers to withhold bonus
Determine claims for bonus payments
Can serve notices demanding returns as to cultivation
Can serve notices demanding name of owner of land



43
43
19
19
20. 45

25, 28
27, 28



10
11
11
12
12
13
13



3G
. 21. 34
24
25
25
26



Index — {contint'ed).

Board of Agriculture and Fisheries — • Paoe

Can inspect land . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

May appoint officers to investigate wages question and

ask for wages sheets
Can appoint arbitrators to decide rent questions
Can i; sue notices as to methods of cultivation
May determine tenancies
May enter into occupation to cultivate
May adjust conditions of tenancy by order
To make record of condition of land entered upon . . 26

Can let land entered upon after notice to owner . . 26

Cannot let part of land entered upon without owner's

consent . . . . . . . . . . .... 26

Notice issued by Board susijcnding conditions of tenancy

a defence to any action . . . . . . . . 26

To withdraw from occupation as soon as possible, if

required by owner . . . . . . . . . . 26

When not required to withdraw by owner must give

not less than three months' notice . . . . . . 27

Can recover value of all acts of cultivation done by

Board *. 27

After withdrawal land still subject to tenancy created

by Board . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Board when in possession to meet outgoings . . . . 29

Orders issued by Board subject to appeal . . 2r>, 28, 30

Compensation to be paid for Board's action . . . . 28

Can d(^legate powers . . . . . . . . . . 32

May authorise killing of rabbits and vermin . . . . 33

May recover from occupier net cost of destroying rabbits

and vermin . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

If Board's representative obstructed, liability to ^lenalty 33
May in Scotland deem tenant of shootings to be occupier 33
In Scotland Sheriff Principal acts for Board in certain

cases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

In Ireland Irish Land Commission acts in certain cases 34
In Ireland Department of Agriculture and Technical

Instruction Acts for Board . . . . . . . . 41

Can make reguh tions generally . . . . . . ... 35

As to bonus payments . . . . . . . . 35

As to benefits to be calculated in minimum wage

rates . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

As to definitions of overtime . . . . . . 35

Memorandum already issued by Board . . . . . . 75

Regulations issued by Board to be laid before Parliament 35
Regulations issued by Board may be annulled . . . . 35

Exj>enses incurred by Board to be met out of State Funds 36
Notices by Board to te served personally or by registered

post . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

In Scotland Board of Agriculture and Fisheries for

Scotland Acts . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

•In consulta^tion with Minister of Labour appoint Agricul-
tural Wages Boards . . . . . . ■ ■ • • 43

May appoint members of Agricultural Wages Boards . . 43
Numlx-r of appointed members to Agricultural Wages

Board not to exceed one-fourth . . . . ■ ■ 43

May appoint Chairman and Secretary of Agricultural

Wages Board . . . . . . . . . . . • 43

May make regulations as to procedure of Agricultural

Wages Board . . . . . . . . . . ■ . 44

May appoint District Wages Commiltees .. .. 44



Index — {cotfiinued).

V\(:r.

Board of Agriculture and Fisheries —

( )ffici-rs of Board can take proceedings . . . . . . 45

Officer appointed liy Board may act as Counsel, Solicitor

or Law Agent . . . . . . . . . . . . 4"»



Committees —

War Agricultural Committee

Dii?trict Wages Committee . .

Sub-Committees of District Wages Committee

Agricultural Wages Committees in Scotland
Compensation to be paid
C-ontracting out of Act illegal . .



lis 32
44
xr,
4

Defence of the Realm Regulations . . . . . . . . 24, 28

Definitions in Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

Destruction of crops b\' rabbits and vermin . . . . . . 33

Determination of tenancy by Board of Agriculture . . . . 2.")

Directions as to fixing minimum rate of wages . . . . U)

Draft of Contract of Tenancy where Board of Agricultur
lets land to be sent to owner. .

Employers' liability to pay mininmm rates of wages. .
To able-bodied men
To non-able-bodied workmeji
To boys, women and girls . .
Pi'osecution of employers .. .. .. 16. 1'

Employment, Definition of

Five parts in Act

Fraudulent returns and statements

House of Lords debates . .

Imprisonment for certain offences

Interest on capital repairs not rent . .

Ireland. Proviso as to . . . . . . . . 34.

Lords, House of, debates

Market gardens included in scoiJe of Act

Minimum price for fixing Ixinus

Minimum wage

For able-bodied men
For women, boys and girl> . .
For non-able-bodied workmen
Fixed for piece work





26




14




16
17




17
!6, 45




38




9




13 36




14, 20




13, 36




21


-n,


45. 46




14. 29




Kt. 11




14


14.


IS. 20


14.


17. IS




17. IS




13



Index — {coiitinued).

Minimum Wage-
Retrospective effects of

In Ireland

Penalty for non-payment of

General directions as to fixing and notification of

May be cancelled or varied . .
Notice to be in writing —

For arbitration under Part III.

To be served personally or by registered post . .

When served on tenant similar notice to be served on

landlord . .

Nursery grounds included in scope of Act

Objection to tenancy created by Board of Agriculture can

be made . .
Orchards included in scope of Act
Osiei -lands included in sco]x> of Act . .
Parliament may annul regulations which must be laid before
House

May extend ojieration of Act
Postponement of operation of Part IV.
Powers to enforce proper cultivation . .

Of inspection by Board of Agriculture . .
President of Surveyors' Institution nominates arbitrate r in

certain cases
President of Surveyors' Institution nominates person to

make record
Quarter, Definition of

Basis for ascertainment of bonus due to farmer
Rabbits and vermin to be destroyed
Refusal to make returns and penalty . .
Regulations under Act . . . . . . . . . . 12

Rents not to be raised in certain cases

Returns to be made

Schedules three in number . . . . . . . . 9,

Scotland, Proviso as to . . . . . . . . . . 33,

Vermin and rabbits to be destroyed
Wages, Minimum, rates to be fixed

Sheets to be produced for inspection by Board of Agri
culture
War Agricultural Committees may act
Woodlands included in scope of Act
Workmen, Notes as to . .



Page
11
45
15
19
20

21

38

29
37

26
37

37

35

9

9, 24

24

13

25, 28

26
11. 38
10
33
13
25, 35
21

13, 36
43, 46
34. 46

33
14

36

32, 33

37

14, 38



CORiN PRODUCTION ACT,

1917.

7 & 8 (ieo. 3, Ch. 46.

Explanatory Memoraxdtm .

This Act came into operation on the 21st August, 1917, Date of com -
except as regards Part IV. {i.e., the part which refers to mencement
jjowers of enforcing cultivation). The operation of this of Act.
Part is postponed until 21st August, 1918, or the determin- ^' ^^' ^•'^* -•
ation of the war, whichever may be the earlier. s. 11, ss. .3.

The Act \\dll continue in force for five years from the Period of
date of its passing, that is, until the year 1922, unless Continua-
Parliament makes provision for its continuation, but the \'°"- ^
expiration does not affect the right to any payments under ' ' ' ^^' "'
Part I. of this Act in respect of wheat and oats of that
year or any previous year, or any rights, privileges, obliga-
tions, or liabilities acquired under this Act before the date
of the expiration thereof, or any penalty, forfeiture, or
punishment incurred in respect of any offence committed
under this Act before that date, or after that date if in
respect of any statement or representation made in con-
nection with a claim under the Act.

The Act itself is divided into five Parts and three Act is
Schedules, which deal with the following matters :—


1 3 4 5 6 7

Online LibraryC. Crofton (Charles Crofton) BlackCorn production act, 1917 with explanatory memorandum → online text (page 1 of 7)