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ford, it became that Nobleman's property. From bim it
descended to Sir Edward Coke, the great lawyer, who
entertained Queen Elizabeth here in 1601, and died at
the manor-house in 1634. Tt afterwards became the seat
of Anne Viscountess Cobham, on whose death it was
purchased by Mr Wiiliam Penn, . chief proprietor of
Pennsylvania, in America, whose grandson, John Penn,
Esq. (esector of the raon'.'.ment alluded to) has built on
the site of the ancient mansion one of the most elegant
residences in this part of the country.

In Lady Cobhara's time. Gray, whose aunt resided in
this village, often visited Stoke Park, and in 1747 made
it the scene of his poem called The Long Story. The old
manor-house (built by Henry, third Earl of Huntingdon,
in the reign of Elizaloeth, and afterwards inhabited by
Lord Chancellor Hatton) and the fantastic manners of that
Princess's reign, are thus humourously described in the
opening of this piece ; —

In Britain's isle, no matter where.

An ancient pile of building stands;
The Huntin'j,dnns and Hatlons there

Employ the power of fairy hands ;
To raise the ceilings fretted height,

Each pannel in atchievements cloathing.
Rich windows that exclude the light.

And passages that lead to nothing.
Full oft within the spacious walls,

When he had lifty winters o'er him.
My grave Lord Keeper* led the brawls ;

The seals and maces danced before him.
His bushy beard, and shoe-strings green.

His high crtiwned hat and satin doublet.
Moved the stout heai t of England's Queen,

Though Pope and Spaniard could not trouble it.

• Sir Chi-istopher Hatton, promoted by Queen Elizabeth for his
graceful I'crson, and tine dancing. Brawls were a sort of figure'
dance then in fashion, an.l probably deemed as elegant as our
modern cotillions, or still more modern quadrilles.




&


III 11 11 Hi 111 III




mm^ ®2f ^®^2Ec



PRINCE FREDERICK,
DUKE OF YORK and ALBANY,

In Great Britain, and Earl of Ulster, in Ireland;
L.L.D. F.R.S. ; Presumptive Heir to the Throne of
Great Britain ; a Field Marshal ; Commander in Chief
of all the King's Land Forces in the United Kingdom ;
Colonel of the First Regiment of Foot Guards ; Colonel in
Chief of the Sixtieth, or Royal American Regiment of
Foot, and of the Royal Dublin Regiment of Infantry ;
Ranger of St. James's and Hyde Parks ; Warden and
Keeper of New Forest, Hampshire; &c. &c. &c.



am a soldier, too, and will abide it with a Prince'.* courage."



His Royal Highness was born 16th of August, 176" ;
and was elected Bishop of Osnaburg, February "27, 1764.
At a Chapter of the Bath, held 30th of December, 1767,
he was invested with the ensigns of that most honourable
order, and installed in Henry the Vllth's chapel, as first
and principal companion, 15th of June, 1772. He was
elected a companion of the most noble order of the garter,
19th June, 1771, and installed at Windsor the 25th of
the same month. On the 27th of November, 1784, he
was created Duke of York and Albany in Great Britain,
and Earl of Ulster, in Ireland.

With the exception of the duel between the Duke of
York and Colonel Lenox, on the 27th of May, 1789,
little can be recorded of his Royal Highness until his
marriage with the Princess F'rederica Charlotta Ulrica,
which took place with great pomp at Berlin, on the 29th

80.



DUKE OF YORK.

of September, 1791. The royal pair, after sojourning
some time at Hanover, arrived in England on the 19th of
November in the same year ; and on the 23d of the same
month were re-married at the Queen's house, St. James's
Park : the ceremony was performed by the Archbishop of
Canterbury, assisted by the Bishop of London.

Her Royal Highness was born May 7, 1767, and was
the eldest daughter of the late, and sister to the present,
King of Prussia : her stature was somewhat below the
common height, and her figure formed in proportionate
delicacy and slightness. Her complexion was fair ; her
hair light ; her eye-lashes long and nearly white ; and her
eyes blue. By this Princess, who was a most exemplary
lady, his Royal Highness had no issue.

On the 19th of December, 1791, the Duke and Duchess
of York received the congratulations of the Lord Mayor,
Sheriffs, and Common Council of the City of Loudon, on
their marriage ; to which his Royal Highness returned the
following answer : —

" I return you my most hearty thanks for this address,
so full of sentiments of attachment to the House of Bruns-
wick and to me.

" Your expressions of joy on the occasion of my mar-
riage give me the highest satisfaction, and the City of
London may lely on my unabating zeal for their welfare
and prosperity, and on my constant endeavours to preserve
their affection and regard."

His Royal Highness was now to be called into actual
and severe public service ; for, on the commencement of
the war with France, he was ordered to be in readiness to
repair with the British troops to Holland ; and embarked
with them on the 26th of February, 1793. On the 4th
of September of the same year, he was defeated by the
French, near Dunkirk. During the remainder of this year
his Royal Highness was with his array ; nothing particular
transpiring till the 3d of May, 1794, when the French
attacked him, but were repulsed : the enemy, however,
soon again appeared in tlie field, and gave a second battle
to the Duke of York's forces at Turcoign, whom they



DUKE OF YORK.

defeated with great slaughter. His Royal Highness now
retreated to Flanders, where he was soon joined by the
Earl of Moira and additional forces. On the l7th of
September, in the same year, the Duke was defeated at
Boxtet, and on this disaster, cominenced, on the 21st,
his retreat over the Maese. On the i6th of February,
1795, he had the misfortune to lose all his magazines,
which were captured by the French, and shortly after
arrived in England.

On the 13th of September, 1799, the Duke of York,
with 17,000 Russians, landed in Holland ; where, on the
19th of the same month, the allies were defeated at the
battle of Bergen and Alkniaer, with the loss of 7,000 men
under Le Bruu, who was formerly a barber at Paris. On
the 2d of October following they v/ere again defeated
before Alkmaer, Avith the loss of 5,000 men ; and, on the
20th, the Duke of York entered into a convention, by
which he was allowed to exchange his army for 6,000
French and Dutch prisoners in England. Accordiugly,
his Royal Highness returned to England.

Towards the close of the year 1808, allegations of the
most serious nature were openly made against the Duke of
York, and reflected too severely on his Royal Highness to
pass unnoticed ; and, on the meeting of parliament in
1809, no time was lost in pressing a subject of such high
importance on its attention. Accordingly, on the 27th of
January, Colonel Wardle, one of the members for Oak-
hampton, submitted a motion to the House on the subject
of his Royal Highness the Duke of York, Commander in
Chief, respecting promotions, the disposal of commissions,
and the raising of new levies for the army : which engaged
the most serious consideration of the legislative assembly
of the nation, from the 1st of February till the 20th of
March following, when the Chancellor of the Exchecquer
moved the following resolution : —

" That it is the opinion of this House, after the fullest
and most attentive examination of all the evidence adduced,
that there is no ground for charging his Royal Highness
with personal corruption or connivance at such practices



DUKE OF York.

disclosed In the testimony beard at the bar ;" on which the
House divided :

Ayes, 278— Noes, 1 96— Majority, 82.

On Saturday, March 18, his Royal Highness waited
upon his Majesty, and tendered to him his resignation of
the chief command of his Majesty's army ; which his
Majesty was graciously pleased to accept.

Sir Laurence Dundas succeeded his Royal Highness in
the command of the army ; but he held the appointment a
very short time, for the King re-instated the Duke of
York again, to the joy of the British anny.

On the death of his royal mother, he was appointed by
Parliament custos to the King, instead of the Queen, with
an allowance of 10,000/. per annum.

In the year 1820 he had the misfortune to lose his
Duchess, Avho died at Oatlands, in the 54th year of her
age. She was a lady deservedly respected by all classes,
especially by the poor, to whom she was very kind and
attentive : she lived very retired, her chief amusement
being in her dogs ; and the grounds at Oatlands display
some curious monumental inscriptions to her favourite
quadrupeds.

The British army, under the direction of his Royal
Highness, has risen to a state of discipline and neatness
hitherto unknown in England : his attention to their cares,
and readiness at all tiines to relieve their wants, has en-
deared him to every British soldier ; certainly never was
a Commander in Chief more deservedly, or more generally,
popular.

His Royal Highness is devotedly attached to the Pro-
testant religion ; and to him, we believe, the inembers of
that persuasion look up as one of their firmest fiiends. To
the sports of the field the Duke is very partial ; particu-
larly shooting, and racing, having to boasi of some of the
first racers in the kingdom.



DUKE OF YORK.



The following account of ihe Earls and Dukes of f'<jii-,
it is presumed, tvill not be uninteresting to the reader.

A. D. 1 1 90. The first who enjoyed the title of the Earl
of York, wds Oiho, Duke of Saxony, eldest sou of Henry,
surnamed the Lyon, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony ; one of
the greatest princes of his time by the princess Matilda, or
Maud, eldest daughter of Henry II. King of England : he
was afterwards Emperor of Germany, but died without
issue : he was likewise nephew of King Richard I. and
King John. It is observable that his youngest brother
"William, born at Winchester, was the immediate ancestor
of his present Majesty, in a direct line : so early was the
illustrious house of Brunswick allied to the blood royal of
England.

1385. Edmund of Langley, snrnamed Plantagenet,
fifth son of King Edward III., was Earl of Cambridge and
Duke of York.

l-^Ol. Edtvard Plantagenet, son of the former, Eail of
Rutland and Duke of York, was killed while valiantly
fighting at the glorious battle of Agincourt, in 1415 ; and
left no issue.

1415. Bichard Plantagenet, nephew of the last Duke,
and son of Richard, Earl of Cambridge, who was beheaded
for a conspiracy against King Henry V. 1415, succeeded
his uncle as Duke of York. He began the fatal contest
between the two potent houses of York and Lancaster, and
was killed at the battle of Wakefield. His head was
placed on one of the gates of York, with a paper crown on
it, by way of derision, by Queen Margaret, consort of
King Henry VI.

1474. Richard Plantagenet, born at Shrewsbury,
second son of King Edward IV., was Duke of York, and
murdered with his unfortunate brother, Edward V.



DUKE OF YORK.

1495. Henry, second sou of King Henry VII. was
Duke of York : he was afterwards Henry VIII.

1604. CViar/es, second son of King James I., was Duke
of York : afterwards the unfortunate Charles I.

1643. James, son of Charles I., was the next Duke :
afterwards the weak and bigotted James II.

171B. Ernest Aujiustus, Duke of Branswick, Lunen-
burg, and bishop of Osnaburg, brother to King George I.,
was Duke of York and Albany ; and Earl of Ulster.

1760 Edward Augustus, grandson of George II., and
brother of George III., was created Duke of York.

1784. Frederick, second son of George III., and bro-
ther of George IV. was created Duke of York, Earl of
Ulster, and bishop of Osnaburg.




H^ii^r^s' ^sfSES l^S^jassK,



HENRY KIRKE WHITE.



t:^



" Unhappy White ! wtjooc life was in its spring.
And the young Muse just waved her joyous wing.
The spoiler came ; and all thy promise fair
Has sought the grave, to sleep for ever there.
Oh ! what a noble heart was here undone.
When science 'self destroyed her favourite son!
Yes! she too much indulged thy fond pursuit.
She sowed the seeds, but death Iiad reaped the fruit.
'TwAs thine own genius gave the final blow.
And helped to plant the wound that laid thee low.
So the struck eagle, stretched upon the plain.
No more through rolling clouds to soar again.
Viewed his own feather on the fatal dart.
And winged the shaft that quivered in his heart.
Keen were his pangs ; but keener far to feel,
He nursed the pinion which impelled the steel ;
While the same plumage that had warmed his nest.
Drank tho last life-drop of his bleeding breast."

Byron.

THIS delightful poet, the second son of John and Mary
White, was born in Nottingham, on March 21, ITO.*).
His father was a butcher ; his mother, whose maiden
name was Neville, was of a respectable Staffordshire fa-
mily. He discovered at a very early age a great desire
for reading ; and from the years of three to five, was
taught by Mrs. Garrington, an excellent woman, and of
whom he thus speaks, in his poem on Childhood :

" In yonder cot, along whose mouldering walls,
In many a fold the mantling woodbine falls.
The village matron kept her little school.
Gentle of heart, yet knowing well to rale;
8L



HENRY KIRKE WHITE.

Staid was the dame, and modest was her mien:

Her garb was coarse, yet whole, and nicely clean:

Her neatly-bordered cap, as lily fair.

Beneath her chin Vas pinn'd with decent caie ;

And pendant ruffles, of the whitest lawn,

Of ancient make, her elbows did adorn.

Faint with old age, and dim were grown her eyes,

A pair of spectacles their want supplies ;

These does she guard secure in leathern case.

From thoughtless wights, in some unweeted place."'

At the age of six he was removed to a higher school,
where he Avas taught writing, arithmetic and the French
language, by the Rev. John Blanchard : while here, he
wrote a separate theme for every boy in his class, which
consisted of twelve or fourteen. When he was about
the age of seven, he would creep unperceived into the
kitchen, to teach the servant to read and write ; and he
'continued this for some time before it was discovered he
had been so laudably employed. It was the intention of
his father, that he should follow his own business ; but
his mother overcame her husband's desire, and made
every effort to procure him a good education ; and with
this intention, and by the request of her friends, she
opened a lady's boarding and day school in Nottingham,
in which she succeeded beyond her most sanguine expec-
tations ; and thus her son's comforts were materially in-
creased.

It was, however, at length determined to make him
acquainted with some trade ; and as hosiery was the staple
manufacture of his native place, he was placed in a stock-
ing-loom, when of the age of fourteen. This employment,
so perfectly uncongenial to his taste, rendered him truly
unhappy : his feelings at this period he thus pourtrays in
his Address to Contemplation.

■" Men may rave.



And blame and censure me, that 1 don't tie
My ev'ry thought down to the desk, and spend
The moruing of my life in adding figures



HENRY KIKKE WHITE.

With accurate monotony ; that so
The good things of the world rnay be my lot,
And I miglit taste the blessedness of wealth :
But, oh! I was not made for money-getting;
For me no much-respected plum * awaits.
Nor civic honour envied."

His mother, to whom he spoke bis mind more openly-,
was anxious to have him removed ; and perceiving his
wretchedness, at the expiration of a year, had him re-
moved to an attorney's office, which he entered in 1800,
being then fifteen years old ; but as he could have no pre-
mium given with him, he Avas not articled till the year
1802.

The law was now the chief object of his attention ; but
during his leisure hours, he acquired a knowledge of
Greek and Latin, and shortly after made himself master
of the Spanish, Italian and Portuguese languages ; and,
it is sqid, his knowledge of chemistry was respectable :
he also studied astronomy and electricity ; and paid some
attention to drawing, in which, had he persevered, he
would most probably have excelled. He was passionately
fond of music, and could play pleasingly on the piano forte :
he was also partial to mechanics ; and the fittings-up of his
study were the works of his own hands.

He now became a member of a literary society in Not-
tingham, where he much distinguished himself, delivering
at one of their meetings an extempore Lecture on Genius :
on which occasion he spoke for above two hours, in such
a manner, that they elected him their Professor of Lite-
rature. He contributed occasionally to the Monthly Pre-
ceptor, and gained a silver medal for a translation from
Horace ; and the following year, a pair of twelve-inch
globes, for an imaginary Tour from London to Edinburgh.
These little testimonies of his talents were grateful to his
feelings, and urged him to further efforts : accordingly,
we find him contributing to the Monthly Mirror, which for-

*'* When a tradesman once can lay by a plum (^IjOOO.) others
will soon follow," — Granger.



HENRY KIRKE WHITE.

tunately was tlie cause of his being introduced to Mr.
Capel Lloft, and Mr. Hill, the proprietor of tlie work ;
at whose request he was induced, at the close of the year
1812, to publish a little volume of poems, in the hope that
this publication might, either by the sale of the work, or
tlie notice it might excite, enable him to prosecute his
studies at College ; and qualify himself for holy orders.
He vras persuaded to dedicate his work to the Countess of
Derby, to whom he applied; but she returned a refusal,
on the ground that she never did accept a compliment of
that sort ; but her refusal was couched in kind and com-
plimentary language, enclosing £2. as her subscription.
The Duchess of Devonshire was next applied to, who, after
a deal of trouble, consented. A copy, handsomely bound
in morocco, was transmitted to her Grace, of which, how-
ever, no notice was taken. He enclosed a copy of his little
Avork to each of the existing reviews, with a note, stating
the disadvantages with which the author had struggled,
and requesting an indulgent criticism. The Monthly
Review, then the leading journal, affected to sympathize
Avith the author, " under the discouragement of penury
and misfortune ;" and spoke so unfeelingly of the pro-
duction, in terms so acrimonious and so illiberal, as to
inflict a wound on his sensitive mind, which was never
wholly cured : but the critique exciting the notice of Mr.
Southey, the poet, who reading the notice of the work, was
indignant at the injustice done to the author, wrote him
an encouraging letter, advising him to print a larger
volume, and generously offering to interest himself in its
favour. This gentleman, in his " Remains of Henry
Kirke White," page 27, vol. I. says with much feeling —
"It is not unworthy of remark, that this very re viewal,
which was designed to crush the hopes of Henry, and sup-
press his struggling genius, has been, in its consequences,
the main occasion of bringing his Remains to light and ob-
taining for him that fame which assuredly will be his
portion. Had it not been for the indignation which I felt at
perusing a criticism at once so cruel and so stupid, the little
intercourse between Henry and myself would not have



HENRY KIRKE WHITE.

taken place ; liis papers would probably have remained ia
oblivion, and his name in a few years have been forgotten."

He now resolved to devote his life to the promulgation
of Christianity, and with that view he determined to leave
the law, and, if possible, place himself at one of the Uni-
versities. Every argument was used by his friends to dis-
suade him from his purpose ; but his mind was fixed, and,
great and numerous as the obstacles were, he Avas resolved
to surmount them all. He had now fulfilled more than
half of the term for which he was articled ; but his bene-
volent employers, Mr. Coldham and Mr. Enfield, listened
with a friendly ear to his plans, and agreed to give up the
remainder of his term, although it was now become very
valuable to them. His friends now exerted themselves in
his behalf, and his employers gave hira a month's leave
of absence, which he spent in the village ofWilford, on
the banks of the Trent, at the foot of Clifton Woods, where
his mother procured lodgings for him. At the expiration
of this month, intelligence arrived, that the proposed plans
had entirely failed. All his hopes seemed now blasted ;
and the time .he had thus lost in his professional pursuits,
rendered it necessary in him to apply himself more assi-
duously than ever to his legal studies. He would read
till two or three o'clock in the morning, then throw him-
self on the bed, and rise again to work at five. Many
nights he never lay down at all. It was in vain that his
mother used every possible means to dissuade him from
this destructive application. In this respect, and in this
only, was Henry undutiful ; and neither tears, commands,
nor entreaties, could check his deadly and desperate ardour.

The following lines will fully convey to the reader poor
Kirke White's feelings on his disappointment.

" I dream no more — the vision flies away.

And Disappointment *****

There fell my hopes— I lost my all in this,

My cherish'd all of visionary bliss.

Now hope farewell, farewell all joys below;

Now welcome sorrow, and now welcome woe.

Plunge me in glooms****"



HENRY KIRKE WHITE.

His health siiuk under tiiese severe habits ; he became
pale and thin ; and an alarming indisposition was brought
on, from which he never thoroughly recovered.

At length, however, bj the exertions of his friends, '
particularly his mother and his brother Neville, he was
enabled to enter the University of Cambridge.

During the first term, one of the University scholar-
ships became vacant, and Henry, young as he was in col-
lege, was advised to offer himself a candidate ; but after
passing the whole term in preparing for it, his health sunk
so alarmingly, that after having oftered himself for the
competition, he was compelled to withdraw. This was
not the only misfortune ; the general College examination
approached, and he was ill prepared to meet it. Again
he exerted himself beyond what his shattered health could
bear ; and having supported himself by strong medicines
during the days of examination, he was ultimately pro-'
nounced the first man of his year. But, alas ! life was
the price with which he was to pay for his academical
honours.

When this examination was over, he went- to London,
to recruit his spirits ; but soon returned to Cambridge none
the better for his visit to the metropolis.

Next year he was again pronounced the first at the great
College examination. Never, perhaps, in so short a time
had any young man excited such expectations ; but these
expectations were poison to him — they goaded him to fresh
exertions when his strength was spent.

He once more went to London to recruit himself; but
returned to College so completely ill, that no power of
medicine could save him. His mind was worn out ; and
it was the opinion of his medical attendants, that if he had
recovered, his intellects would have failed him. On
Sunday, October 19, 1806, it pleased God to remove
him to a better world, and a higher state of existence.

A splendid monument to his memory, executed by S.
Chantry, Esq. R. A. has been erected in All-Saints' Church,
Caiiibrid:re, at the cxnence of an American gentleman.




llI^]er3E)II.ILc



GEORGE FREDERICK HANDEL.



Oh! surely melody from heaven was sent.
To cheer the soul when tir'd with human strife,

To sootli the wayward heart by sorrow rent.
And soften down the rugged road of life.

H. K. rVhite.



George Frederick Handel was born at Halle, a city
of Upper Saxony, in the Dutchy of Magdeburg, on the
24th of February, 1684. His father was an eminent
physician and surgeon ; and at the time of the birth of his
son was sixty years of age.

In his early days he discovered so violent a passion for
music, that even the commands of his father could not
subdue it ; for he found means to get a little clavicord
privately conveyed to a room at the top of the house ; and
with this he used to amuse himself when the family were
asleep. He thus, by stealth, contrived to make a consi-
derable progress in music ; and when he had arrived to
the seventh year of his age, his father, who had overcome
his dislike to his son being a musician, placed him under
Zachau, organist of the cathedral of Halle, a person of


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