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George Nicholds.
P. H. Sheridan..

F. W. Simms

B. D. Smith

C. E. Slocum

J. Thompson

G. M. Wheeler ..
T. H. Wallis ....
C. H. Wyman



The Chronicle and Its History, 18fi5 to 1879

Ordinances of New York City, 1881

Municipal Reports of San Francisco, 1881-1882, 2 Vols

Municipal Reports of San Francisco, 1882-1883, 2 Vols

Catalogue of San Francisco Free Library, 1881

Report of Trustees of Public Library of Victoria, 1875

Ordinances of Northwest Territories, 1878-1879

Specimen from Natural Bridge, 1882

Observations Made at Greenwich, 1750 to 17ti2

Drawings of London and Birmingham Bridge, 1839

Railway Machinery, Glasgow, ISfil

.^ Grand Jury Report of Sacramento County, 1883

Legislation on Insanity, 1884

Argument in Case of San Mateo County vs. S. P. R. Co

Argument in Railroad Tax Cases

Atlas, 1884

Biography of R. H. McDonald, 1883

Book of Poems, 1881

Stalactite from Cave at Cave City, 1882

Trial of G. K. Warren and Map, 3 Vols., 1883

Public Works of Great Britain, 1849

.Report of Sheriff", Coroner, and Controller of Albany, New York, 1883

History of the Slocums, 1882

Histor}' of Woburn, Massachusetts, 1868

Geographical Survey (Supplement to Geology), 1881

Stockton Mail, from February to December, 1883

; Expeditious Calculator, 1856



BIENNIAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTORS



Thirty-first and Thirty-second Annual Reports



SUPERINTENDENT OF THE INSANE ASYLUM



STATE OF CALIFORNIA,

(At Stockton).



1884,




SACRAMENTO:

STATE OFFICE JAMES J. AYERS, SUPT. STATE PRINTING.

1884.



OFFICERS OF THE ASYLUM.



DIRECTORS :

ROBERT WATT, President San Rafael

J. K. DOAK, Vice-President Stockton

OBED HARVEY, M.D Gait, Sacramento County

DONALD MoLENNAN San Francisco

L. M. CUTTING Stockton

treasurer and ex officio secretary :
N. M. ORR Stockton

resident officers :
W. T. BROWNE, M.D Superintendent

W. R. LANGDON, M.D Assistant Physician

W. H. MAYS, M.D Assistant Physician

H. W. TAYLOR Superintendent's Secretary

T. J. KEYS Steward

WILLIAM STOCKWELL Supervisor

Mrs. M. E. RAMSELL Matron



DIRECTORS' BIENNIAL REPORT

For the Two Years Ending June 30, 1884.



REPORT.



To his Excellency George Stoneman, Governor of the State of California :

In compliance with law, as Directors of the State Insane Asylum
at Stockton, we submit our biennial report for the two years ending
June 30, 1884.

Accompanying this report, and as a part thereof, will be found the
two annual reports of the Medical Superintendent, which give sepa-
rately a full and detailed account of the operations of said institution
for each of the two years embraced in this report.

In this connection we regret to report that Dr. G. A. ShurtlefF, who
for eighteen years, with marked ability and zeal, acted as Superin-
tendent of this asylum, was obliged, on account of a serious impair-
ment of his physical health, to present his resignation September 1,
1883, and asked to be relieved from the cares and labors of the respon-
sible position. His resignation was very reluctantly accepted by this
Board October 10, 1883, and Dr. W. T. Browne, who had for a long
time been connected with the institution as Assistant Physician, was
elected to the position of Superintendent.

The Treasurer's report for the two years ending June 30, 1883, and
June 30, 1884, is also hereunto anne-xed and made a part of this report.

The expenditures for support of the asylum have exceeded the
appropriations for the two years, which excess has, however, been
paid from the contingent fund in the hands of the Directors, which
has accumulated from the receipts of the institution for pay patients
and Steward's sales, and consequently no debt is created against the
State. The excess in the expenditures has been caused by the increase
in the number of patients and a marked advance in the price of some
articles necessarily purchased for their support. The cost of fresh
meats purchased for the asylum has been $19,000 more for the last
two years than it was for the two years ending June 30, 1882, the con-
tract price per pound having advanced from 3iVo cents per pound in
May, 1881, to 9 cents per pound in May, 1884.

The occupancy of the south wing of the new building also raade
the employment of additional attendants a necessity, as the patients
were removed to the building from overcrowded wards in other
departments, but the increase in the expense thereby caused has re-
sulted in securing better care and greater comfort for the patients.
It will, however, be noticed that the cost per capita for the support of
the patients has not been greatly increased over that of preceding
years,, it being, as shown by the report of the Superintendent, 4:Sj%
cents per day for the year ending June 30, 1883, and 41 cents per day
for the year ending June 30, 1884.

Expenditures to the amount of $7,894 29 have been made since the
last biennial report from the appropriation of $85,000, made by Act



8

of the Legislature, approved April 15, 1880, for the completion of a
new building, which exhausts that appropriation with the exception
of an unexpended balance of $210 10.

The sum of 88,196 32 has been drawn since our last report from the
appropriation of $15,000, made by the Legislature in 1880, for furnish-
ing the south wing of the new building, which left an unexpended
balance of $2,421 03 in the State Treasury at the close of the fiscal
years for which the appropriation was made.

By an Act of the Legislature, approved March 13, 1883, ^n appro-
priation of $163,000 was made "for the erection of a building for the
insane at the State Insane Asylum at Stockton, and for the improve-
ment of the drainage and water supply thereof."

At a meeting of this Board held May 10, 1883, plans for the pro-
posed building were submitted by Messrs. Percy and Hamilton, archi-
tects, which were accepted by us and then presented to the Governor,
Secretary of State, and State Treasurer, for their approval. The
above named officers gave the subject their careful attention, and
having visited Stockton for the purpose of examining the site of the
proposed building that they might judge intelligently of the merits
of the plans, they gave them their unanimous indorsement.

After advertising for bids, the proposal of Messrs. Confer Brothers
was accepted, it being the lowest received, and on July 10, 1883, the
contract was awarded to them for the sum of 8137,915. Work was
commenced immediately, and has been diligently prosecuted to the
present time, with a favorable prospect of soon iDcing completed so
that the building may be ready for occupancy. This expenditure
has been made in accordance with the original design of the mana-
gers of this institution, to provide a building so arranged as best to
secure proper ventilation and sanitary conditions, and at the same
time to be conducted in an economical manner. The completed build-
ing, the south wing of which was constructed from the appropria-
tion of 1880, and the main central portion, together with the north
wdng, from the appropriation of 1883, will be an imposing and sub-
stantial structure, well adapted to the purposes for which it was
designed, and capable of affording such accommodations as are neces-
sary for the care and treatment of i)atients.

In order to judiciously carry into effect the intent of the Legislature
and proA'ide for the improvement of the drainage and water supply
for this institution, this Board consulted with Wm. Hammond Hall,
State Engineer, and secured his services to aid in devising a plan to
overcome the natural obstacles encountered, and provide a system of
drainage best calculated to meet the sanitary wants and conveniences
of this institution. An elaborate report made by him to this Board,
is hereunto attached, and made a part of this report. His recom-
mendations therein set forth were carefully considered and then
adopted by this Board, and were then submitted to the Governor,
Secretary of State, and State Treasurer, who gave them their indorse-
ment. Work was commenced to carry out the proposed system in
October, 1883, but owing to the character of the soil in which the
excavations had to be made for the purpose of laying the drainage
tile, the progress made towards the completion of the work was slower
than anticipated. The construction of the receiving cistern, in accord-
ance with the plans adopted, was also delayed by the inclemency of
the weather and the heavy rainfall, which made it very difficult to
carry the excavation to the depth required; but the work has been



persistently carried on, and we can now confidently report that the
time is near at hand M^hen the problem of providing a system of sew-
erage for this asylum, Mdiich has so long been an important question
for the consideration of this Board, will be successfully solved, and
the drainage from the various buildings will be so disposed of as to
best promote the sanitary condition of the asylum, and, at the same
time, be utilized in a manner to at least partially pay the cost of its
removal. The expense of carrying the system into practical opera-
tion, has, however, been more than was anticipated, but the absolute
necessity of its speedy completion in order to protect the health of the
patients being so apparent, this Board has deemed it best to draw on
the contingent fund in their hands to pay the excess of the cost over
the original estimate.

In order to secure a better water supply for the asylum, as pro-
vided in the Act of the Legislature making an appropriation for that
purpose, an artesian well has been sunk, under the direction of this
Board, to a depth of 1,093 feet, from which a flow of water of about
120,000 gallons each twenty-four hours has been obtained, at a height
of about four feet above the surface of the ground. While this sup-
ply is of great advantage to the institution, it is not sufficient. to
furnish all that is required to irrigate the asylum grounds, in order
to render them capable of producing the crops which ought to be
raised for the support of the institution, and this Board would con-
sequently recommend that another well be bored, so that all the
lands connected with the institution may be fully utilized, and
thereby made capable of materially aiding in its support.

AVe desire to call the especial attention of your Excellency and the
Legislature to that portion of the Superintendent's report referring
to the necessity for repairs and alterations in the original asylum
building to secure its proper preservation, and also place it in a suit-
able sanitary condition. A portion of this building is very much out
of repair, important changes are necessary to connect it with the
new sewerage system, the present arrangements for ventilation are
defective, while the system of heating by stoves, located in corridors
and sitting rooms, is both expensive and dangerous.

The cost of making these much needed alterations and repairs, as
carefully estimated by competent architects, will be about $25,000;
and the urgent necessity for speedy action, that the property of the
State may be preserved, and its unfortunate wards here confined for
treatment may receive suitable care and attention, induces this Board
to earnestly ask that authority be granted them by this Legislature to
expend that sum for the purposes mentioned from the fund now in
their hands, which has accumulated during past years from receipts
at the asylum from pay patients and Steward's sales.

This Board also cordiall}^ indorses the recommendation of the
Superintendent that another asylum be provided for the rapidly
increasing insane patients of the State. On account of the crowded
condition of the Napa Asylum, a marked increase in the number of
patients seeking admission to this institution is noticeable. During
the year ending June 30, 1884, the total increase in the number of
patients, as shown by the Superintendent's report, was thirtj'-one,
while there has been an increase of thirty-five for the three months
ending October 1, 1884, the total number at this date being 1,250.

Finally, we gratefully acknowledge our obligations to your Excel-
lency, the Secretary of State, State Treasurer, and other State officers



10

for the careful consideration and attention given to the demands we
have been forced to make for advice and assistance, and we confi-
dently commend this public charity to your favorable notice, believ-
ing that from your personal knowledge of the wants of this institution
you will bespeak for it a liberal spirit and fostering care on the part
of our Legislature,

ROBERT WATT,
J. K. DOAK,
O. HARVEY,
DONALD McLENNAN,
L. M. CUTTING,

Directors.
State Insane Asylum, Stockton, October 1, 1884.



TREASURER'S REPORT,

From July 1, 1882, to June 30, 1884.



REPORT.



Office of the Secretary of the Board of Directors ]

AND Treasurer of the Insane Asylum of the >

State of California, Stockton, July 1, 1884. j

To the Board of Directors of the State Insane Asylum :

Gentlemen: In accordance with the by-laws of this institution, I
have the honor to present the following biennal report of the receipts
and disbursements of the State Insane Asylum for the two years
commencing July 1, 1882, and ending June 30, 1884:

general fund.

Receipts.

July 1, 1882, balance as by last biennial report $34,491 63

July 1, 1882, received for board and medical attendance 559 00

August 12, 18S2, Warrant No. 2,573 14,700 36

August 12, 1882, Warrant No. 2,577 15,167 86

September 11, 1882, Warrant No. 4,509.. 15,637 58

September 11, 1882, Warrant No. 109 14,783 26

January 10, 1883, Warrant No. 531 16,296 78

January 31, 1883, Warrant No. 866. 15,147 43

January 31, 1883, Warrant No. 1.311 14,854 40

February 14, 1883, Warrant No. 4,233.. 15,798 15

February 26, 1883, Warrant No. 1,619 14,362 61

March 9, 1883, Warrant No. 2,466 16,964 86

March 9, 1883, Warrant No. 4,978 16.183 81

June 11, 1883, Warrant No. 15,077 04

$220,024 77

July 18, 1883, Warrant No. $14,491 48

September 11, 1883, Warrant No. 6,529 14,041 17

September 11, 1883, Warrant No. 6,976 14,638 97

December 1, 1883, Warrant No. 151 11,105 30

December 1, 1883, Warrant No. 957 14,596 81

January 10, 1884, Warrant No. 1,622 _ 14,867 45

February 11, 1884, Warrant No. 1,897 15,016 49

February 11, 1884, Warrant No. 2,494 15,933 13

February 23, 1884, Warrant No. 4,038 16,454 81

March 22, 1884, Warrant No. 4,436 14,327 20

April 26, 1884, Warrant No. 5,694 16,165 66

May 24, 1884, Warrant No. 6,826 15,008 24

June 18, 1884, Warrant No. 7,163 15,467 69

— $192,114 40

Total receipts for two years $412,139 17

Disbursements.

Amount paid for general support, as per vouchers now on file for year

ending June 30, 1883 $182,704 41

For year ending June 30,1884 187,094 05

Balance in the General Fund — 42,340 71

$412,139 17



14

CONTINGENT FUND.

Beceipts.

Board, etc., for year ending June 30, 1883 $5,737 20

Steward's sales /or year ending June 30, 1883 396 88

Board, etc., for year ending June 30, 1884 $6,807 35

Steward's sales for year ending June 30, 1884 1,124 18



Disbursements.

Subsistence of Assistant Physicians $1,630 00

Contingent expenses Medical Superintendent 274 00

Cows, hogs, etc., for farm 1,984 00

Three horses for farm 600 00

Two horses forasylum wagon 450 00

Interest and expressage 570 64

Furniture for residence of Superintendent 605 31

Expenses on laundry building 51 87

Piano for music hall 380 10

Telephone Company, for line to asylum buildings 49 85

Printing 7 50

Mileage of Secretary 9 60

Rent of wagon 10 00

Plants, trees, etc. 81 15

Balance June 30, 1884 7,361 59



$6,134 08

7,931 53
$14,065 61



FURNISHING FUND.

Heceipts.
August 23, 1882, "Warrant No. 532 $8,196 52

Disbursements.

Paid sundry bills, as per vouchers on file $7,616 17

Balance, cash 580 35



GRAVELING FUND.
Balance date of last report $158 58



?14,065 61



$8,196 52



Paid sundry bills, as per vouchers $158 58



BUILDING FUND.
(Appropriation $85,000, April 15, 1880.)

Receipts.

July 20, 1882, Warrant No. 110 $1,428 64

September 18, 1882. Warrant No. 867 •... 1,433 41

October 18, 1882, Warrant No. 1,312 766 49

November 25, 1882, Warrant No. 1,697 4,072 27

July 30, 1883, Warrant No. 152 193 48

Disbursements.
Paid sundry bills outside of contract, as per vouchers on file $7,894 29



$7,894 29



$7,894 29



15

NEW BUILDING FUND.
(Appropriation $163,000, March 13, 1883.)

Beceipts.

Warrant No. 1,896 $9,900 00

Warrant No. 2,494 3,756 46

Warrant No. 3,044 18,531 00

Warrant No. 3,124 2,047 48

Warrant No. 3,152 2,000 00

Warrant No. 3,583 1,167 31

Warrant No. 3,617 13,117 50

Warrant No. 4,039 2.481 85

Warrant No. 4,437 4,441 51

Warrant No. 4,501 17,154 00

Warrant No. 5,695 2,771 80

Warrant No. 5.963 17,707 50

Warrant No. 6,827 2,041 14

Warrant No. 6,851 18,765 00

Warrant No. 7,162 2,457 04

Disbursetnetits.

Paid Confer Brothers (Contractors) :

Warrant No. 1,896 $9,900 00

Warrant No. 3,044 18,531 00

Warrant No. 3,617 1.3,117 50

Warrant No. 4,501 17,154 00

Warrant No. 5,963 17,707 50

Warrant No. 6851 18,765 00

Paid Percy Jir Hamilton (Architects):

Warrant No. 3,152 2,000 00

Cash 2,000 00

Paid labor on sewerage 8,276 29

Paid advertising for proposals 107 75

Paid boring and pipeing artesian well 3,724 57

Paid salary of Superintendent ten months 1,750 00

Paid for constructing sewerage cistern 1,744 00

Paid for constructing cistern house 1,199 34

Paid for sewerage pipe and tile 1,899 98

Paid sundry bills outside of contract, as by vouchers on file 462 66



$118,339 59



$118,339 59



LEDGER BALANCES.

General Fund $42,340 71

Furnishing Fund 580 35

Contingent Fund 7,361 59

$50,252 65



I have in my possession two warrants :

No. 3,125 $17,980 41

No. 3,582 16,240 75



$34,221 16

All of which is respectfully submitted.

N. M. ORE,
Treasurer.



THE THIRTY-FIRST kMU AL REPORT



MEDICAL SUPERINTENDENT.



SUPERINTENDENT'S REPORT.



To the Directors of the State Insane Asylum at Stockton, California:

I hereby submit the thirty-first annual report of the Medical Super-
intendent of the institution under your charge for the year ending
June 30, 1883. In performing this duty I have adhered as nearly as
possible to the system of tabular forms heretofore in use by the
Superintendent, whose absence by the misfortune of sickness renders
him unable to attend to the matter.

ANNUAL SUMMARY.



From June 30, 1882, to July 1, 1883.


Males.


Females.


Total.




773
189


322
69


1,095




258






Number under care and treatment


962


391


1,353


Number discharged recovered ._ __ _


51

8


17
1
1

21
1


68


Number discharged improved


9




1




65
4


86




5








128


41


169






Number remaiuinc Julv 1, 1883 -_


834


350


1,184







The foregoing statement shows that at the beginning of the year
there were in the asylum 1,095 patients; that 258 were admitted dur-
ing the year; that the whole number under care and treatment was
1,353; that 68 were discharged as recovered, 9 as improved, and 1 as
unimproved; that 86 died, and that 5 escaped, making the total num-
ber of discharges, deaths, and escapes, 169, and leaving in the asy-
lum, July 1, 1883, 1,184 patients, an increase of 89 during the year.

The following tables furnish the usual statistical information as to
the counties from which the 258 patients were admitted, their nativ-
ity, the ages at which insanity first appeared in them, the ages at
which they were committed, the supposed causes of their insanity,
the classes of insanity, their civil condition, and their occupations,
the causes of death of the 86 patients that died, and the expendi-
tures, etc., and the "averages." From these latter tables it will be
seen that the total amount of expenditures was $182,573 03, and the
average cost per capita per diem was 43 cents and 9 mills:



20

TABLE A.

Showing the Counties from which Two Hundred and Fifty-eight Patients toere Admitted from

July 1, 1882, to July l,"l883.



Counties.



Alameda

Amador

Butte

Calaveras

Contra Costa

Del Norte

El Dorado

Fresno

Inyo

Kern

Los Angeles

Marin

Mariposa

Mendocino

Merced

Mono

Nevada

Placer

Plumas

Sacramento

San Bernardino
San Francisco -
San Joaquin —
Santa Barbara -.

Santa Clara

Santa Cruz

Shasta

Sierra

Solano

Stanislaus

Sutter

Tehama

Trinity

Tulare!

Tuolumne

Yolo

Yuba

Totals



Males. Females. Total.



1
7
6
1
2
4
8

34
2

16
4
2
3
1
3
1
2
1
4
5
2
4

189



1
3
2
1

7

2

2

2

11

"T

2

i
" 2'
i"



13
5

12
6
2
1
6
6
1
6

31
1
4
1
6
3
8

13
1
4
6

10

45
2

23
6
2
4
1
5
1
3
1
4
6
3
6

258



21



TABLE B.



Showing the Nativity of Two Hundred and Fifty-eight Patients, Admitted from July 1, 1882, to

July i,lH8S.

Nativity. Males. Females, j Total.



United States.


1

20
2
1
1

1
1
1
3
3


iT

r

2

..

2

1
1
1
12
3
1
1


1




32




2


District of Columbia


1
2




3




1




1




6




3




2


Maryland - - - -


1
4


1


Massachusetts


5




1






1




I


19




5




1


Ohio -


6

1
7
1
1
4


7




1




8


South Caroliua .


1




1


Utah ;».


4
1


Wisconsin . _ .


1
6
4


1




6


United States


4




1










79


43


122






Foreign Countries.


3
3
1
2

11
1

15
6

15

18
6
6


.-

1
1
1

T

9

r

1
-.

1
1
-

1


3


Azores . ..


3




1


Canada _


3




12


Denmark _. .. .


2




16


France


6




21


Ireland _.


27


Italy - — -


6


Mexico . . . - .


7




1


Norway .


3


3




1


Panama ..




1




4
2
7
4
3


5


Sweden .


2




8


Portugal ..


4


Unknown _


4






Totals


110


26


136







22



RKCAPITCLATION.



Nativitt.


Males.


FemaleE.


Total.


United states - - -


79

107

3


43
25

1


122




132




4






Totals


189


69


258







TABLE C.

Showing the Age at which Insanity first appeared in Tioo Hundred and Fifty-eight Patients, admit-
ted from July 1, 1882, to July 1, 1883.



Males. Females. Total.



Less than 10 years

Between 10 and 15 years .
Between 15 and 20 years .
Between 20 and 25 years .
Between 25 and 30 years
Between 30 and 35 years .
Between 35 and 40 years .
Between 40 and 45 years .
Between 45 and 50 years
Between 50 and 55 years .
Between 55 and 60 years
Between 60 and 65 years
Between 65 and 70 years
Between 70 and 75 years .
Between 75 and 80 years
Unknown



Totals



189



2
14
34
43
29
33
26
22
13
13

6



4

2

11



69



258



TABLE D.

Showing the Age of Two Huyidred and Fifty-eight Patients, at the time of their Admission, from,

July 1, 1882, to July 1, 1883.



Less than 10 years

Between 10 and 15 years
Between 15 and 20 years
Between 20 and 25 years
Between 25 and 30 years
Between 30 and 35 years
Between 35 and 40 years
Between 40 and 45 years
Between 45 and 50 years
Between 60 and 55 years
Between 55 and 60 years
Between 60 and 65 years
Between 65 and 70 years
Between 70 and SO years

Over 80 years

Unknown

Totals -



189



2

3

8

28

30

32

37

29

25

22

12

8

3

7

1

11



258



23



TABLE E.

Showing the Supposed Cause of Insanity, as stated in <^^y>^ii"\ents, of Two Hundred and Fifty-
eight Patients, admitted from July 1, 1882, to July 1, 1883.



Supposed Caxtses.



Hales. I Females.



Total.



Intemperance

Alcoholism

Intemperance and business troubles.

Intemperance and family trouble

Intemperance and sunstroke.

Intemperance and masturbation

Liquor and love

Masturbation _ —

Lonely occupation and masturbation

Opium smoking

Morphine.



Liquor, opium, and tobacco

Continued use of chloral

Debauchery

Dissipation

Immoderate sexual intercourse.

Epilepsy

Meningitis

-Softening of the brain

Some obscure brain trouble

Syphilis

Dyspepsia and syphilis

Nymphomania

Chlorosis



Typhoid fever

Injury to head

Injury to brain in infancy

Injury to an eye

Fall from horse

Sunstroke

Sunstroke and injury to head .

Exposure

Overwork mentally

Over-exertion at fire

Solitary living

Old age

Old age and loss of toes

Senile decay

Change of life

Climacteric

Suppression of the menses

Puerperal trouble

Pregnancy

Miscarriage and hemorrhage

Childbirth .

Debility and prostration

Care of children and religious excitement-



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