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Appendix to the Journals of the Senate and Assembly of the ... session of the Legislature of the State of California (Volume 1885v.1) online

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steamers of more than 300 tons are 30 per cent higher in Baltimore
than for sailing vessels.

COMPARISON OF THE DOCKAGE CHARGES OF NEW YORK WITH THOSE

OF SAN FRANCISCO.

In the port of New York there is no wharfage charge on goods,
except in cases where they are allowed to remain on the wharf over
twenty -four hours. In such cases there is a charge of five cents per ton.

The dockage charge against vessels is, with certain exceptions, $4
for the first 200 tons, and a half a cent per ton for every ton in excess
of 200.

We will compare these rates with the San Francisco rates, by show-
ing what the actual amounts charged to and collected from vessels in
San Francisco Harbor have been, and what the. amounts would have
been if charged and collected according to the New York rates:



Name of Vessel.


Tonnage of

Vessel.


Days
Loading.


Days Dis-
charging.


Dockage
Collected.


Dockage Under
New York Kates.


Caibarien . _ _ .. .. _.


383
395
249
369
276


22
24

12

"7


3
3
2
2
2


$98 00 '

105 00

40 00

70 00

33 00


$122 75


Discovery


134 19


Ella . ...


60 00


Kalakaua ..


87 12


Eureka


39 42


Totals




$346 00


$443 48









The above are small vessels in the Sandwich Islands trade. They
bring from the islands generally sugar and rice, and it takes them
but a short time to discharge. The length of time required to load,
however, depends on the rapidity with which freight offers, a circum-
stance often entirely beyond the control of the captain or owners of
the vessel.



62

The following are a different class of vessels, and are engaged in
the trade between San Francisco and the Atlantic cities:



Name op Vessel.


Tonnage.


Days
Luadiug.


Days
Discharging.


Dockage
Collected.


Dockage under
New York Rates.


Ship Seminole

Ship Davy Crockett _ —

Ship Jabez Howes

Ship Sterling ...


1,438
1,482
1,581
1,663
1,863
1,443
1,811


36
22
39
99

70
61
35


16
21
21
15
19
21
19


$561 00
528 00
708 75
1,193 25
1.134 00
849 75
766 50


$529 58
447 63
654 00
1,289 34
1,122 29
837 22
650 70


Ship M. P. Grace

Ship Enoch Soule

Ship St. Francis


Totals








$5,741 25


$5,530 76











Three of the above vessels seem to have been an unusually long
time in loading, but the lot, taken together, were probably not over
the average time of vessels of their tonnage.

The following statement shows the number of voyages made by the
vessels named belonging to the Oregon Railway and Navigation Com-
pany's and the Pacific Coast Steamship Company's lines, between the
first of July and the thirty-first of December, 1883, the number of
days they were loading, and the number discharging, the amounts
collected from them for dockage, and the amounts that would have
been collected, if they had been charged dockage according to the
New York rates:



^^^3lE OF Vessel.


Tonnage.


Voyages.


Days
Loading.


Days Dis-
charging.


Amounts Col-
lected.


Am'ts, if under
N. Y. Bates.


Queen of the Pacific

State of California

Columbia


1,672
1,260
1,762
1,433
894


12
14
14

8
18


43
47
47
25
54


13
14
17
9
21


$638 25
643 75

789 75
354 75
523 00


$636 16
567 30
755 84


Dakota


345 44


Orizaba


560 25






Totals - _


1 1 ^.




$2,854 50


$2,864 99















The following statement shows the voyages, etc., made by the ves-
sels named, belonging to the same lines, in the months of May, June,
and July, 1884:



Name of Vessel.


Tonnage.


Voyages.


Days
Loading.


Days Dis-
charging.


Amounts Col-
lected.


Am'ts, if under
N. Y. Kates.


Columbia .


1,762

1,260

894

1,335


6

7

10

8


24
24
35
32


8
14
11

8


$390 00
377 00
313 50
362 00


$377 92


State of California

Orizaba


353 40
343 62


Santa Clara


386 80






Totals -. . .


.. 1




$1,442 50


$1,461 74




1 i







These statements suffice to show that the dockage rates for vessels
in the ports of New York and San Francisco are practically about the
same.

But in the port of New York nothing is collected from the goods
which the vessels carry, except when they are allowed to remain on



63

the wharf over the prescribed time, while of the $876,334 30 which
was collected from dockage and tolls in the port of San Francisco for
the two fiscal years ended June 30, 1844, $346,163 44, or 39.5 per cent
of the whole was collected under the name of tolls from the goods.

Assuming, then, that the charges against vessels, here and in New
York, are substantially the same, the aggregate of the charges here —
the charges on vessels and on goods — are about forty per cent greater
than in New York.

The above statements, touching the dockage on vessels in New
York, are made out according to the rates prescribed by law, but
under the system prevailing there, dockage is not collected from ves-
sels by public officers, except in very few instances. The docks and
piers are put up at public auction and sold to the highest bidder for
terms of ten years. In this way all the great steamship companies,
and many of the railroad companies, have their own docks and piers,
for which they pay a yearly rental, without regard to what would be
due from them, if dockage on their vessels was computed according
to the legal rates. If, however, the owners of private wharves, or the
lessees of public wharves, allow vessels belonging to other parties to
use their wharves, they can charge for such use only the legal rates.

The New York, Lake Erie, and Western Railroad Company pay
$95,000 per year for the wharf property they have leased.

C. P. Huntington pays $70,000 per year for a pier.

The Pacific Mail Steamship Company pay $45,000 per year for
wharf property.

The Oceanic Steam Navigation Company pay $45,000 per year, and
numerous companies pay $30,000 per year.



26552-1






Online LibraryCalifornia. LegislatureAppendix to the Journals of the Senate and Assembly of the ... session of the Legislature of the State of California (Volume 1885v.1) → online text (page 83 of 83)