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California.

Consolidated supplement to the codes and general laws of 1909, showing the changes affecting the codes and the general laws for the years 1911 and 1913, together with the citations contained in volumes 154 to 164 of the California Supreme Court reports and in volumes 8 to 19 of the California Appell online

. (page 16 of 295)
Online LibraryCaliforniaConsolidated supplement to the codes and general laws of 1909, showing the changes affecting the codes and the general laws for the years 1911 and 1913, together with the citations contained in volumes 154 to 164 of the California Supreme Court reports and in volumes 8 to 19 of the California Appell → online text (page 16 of 295)
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a fictitious name or where the partnership has been heretofore formed,
the certificate must be filed and the publication made within six months
after the passage of this act. No person doing business under a fictitious
name, or his assignee or assignees, nor any persons doing business as
partners contrary to the provisions of this article, or their assignee or
assignees, shall maintain any action upon or on account of any contract
or contracts made, or transactions had, under such fictitious name, or
in their partnership name, in any court of this state until the certificate
has been filed and the publication has been made as herein feuuired.
[.\mondinont approved March 23, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 441.],,^,
Citation*. Cal. 158, 577.



179



CIVIL CODE.



§§ 2470-2633a



Register of firms.

§ 2470. Every county clerk must keep a register of the names of
firms and persons mentioned in the certificates filed with him pursuant
to this article, entering in alphabetical order the name of every such
person who does business under a fictitious name, and the fictitious
name, and the name of every such partnership, and of each partner
therein, [.\mendment approved March 23, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 440.]



§ 2471.
Citations.



Cal. 155/526.



§ 2511.

Citations. App. 17/77,

§ 2527.

Citations. Cal. 155/524.

§ 2550.

Citations. Cal. 155/524.

§ 2551.

Citations. Cal. 155/524.



§ 2558.
Citations.

§ 2596.
Citations.

§ 2611.

Citations.

§ 2616.

Citations.

§ 2618.

Citations.

§ 2619.

Citations.

§ 2626.

Citations.

§ 2628.
Citations.



Cal. 155/524.
Cal. 155/525.
Cal. 158/764.
App. 14/222.
App. 14/222.
App. 14/222.
Cal. 158/372,



373.



Cal. 158/372, 373.



Time for giving notice of accident, etc.

§ 2633a. No conditions, stipulations or agreements contained in any
application for insurance in any foreign or domestic casualty or acci-



§§ 2778-2854 civil code. 180

dent insurance company, or contained in any policy issued by any such
company, or in any way made by any such company, limiting the time
within which notice of the accident or injury, or death, shall be given
to such company to a period of Jess than twenty days after the hap-
pening of the accident, or injury, or death, shall be valid. Said notice
may be given to the company insuring, at any time witliin twenty days
after the happening of the accident, or injury, or death and shall be
valid and binding on the companv. [New section approved June 6,
1913; Stats, 1913, p. 677. In effect August 10, 1913.]

§ 2778.

CltatlouB. Cal. 155/418.

S 2794.

Cltatloni. Cal. 159/138. App. (iubd. 3) 12/678.

§ 2800.

Citations. Cal. 164/342.

§ 2806.

Cltatloni. Cal. 164/342.

§ 2809.

Citations. Cal. 164/840.

§ 2819.

Citations. Cal. 16J/187. App. 9/497; 18/280; 19/32.

§ 2820.

Citations. App. 19/32.

§ 2823.

Citations. App. 11/398; 19/32.

§ 2832.

Citations. App. 11/398; 16/636.

§ 2844.

ClUtlons. Cat. 162/187. App. 11/398.

§ 2846.

ClUtlons. Cal. '155/370.

§ 2850.

Citations. Cal. 161/290.

§ 2854.

Citations. Cal. 161/258, 259, 260.



181 CIVIL CODE. §§ 2872-29391/2

§ 2872.

CiUtlons. Cal. 155/213, 272. App. 14/388; 19/514.

§ 2884.

CiUtlons. Cal. 157/217; 162/303. App. 15/712.

§ 2888.

Citations. Cal. 157/403, 404; 164/172. App. 9/187; 14/301.

§ 2889.

Citations. Cal. 164/172. App. 11/395, 396.

§ 2899.

Citations. Cal. 155/234.

§ 2903.

Citations. App. 16/401.

§ 2909.

Citations. Cal. 162/303. App. 8/512.

[j § 2911.

Citations. Cal. 156/51; 157/200, 239. App. 9/184; 17/588; 19/518, 514,
515.

§ 2913.

Citations. App. 9/184, 187.

§ 2920.

Citations. Cal. 157/217.

§ 2922.

Citations. Cal. 156/52.

§ 2924.

Citations. Cal. 164/257.

§ 2932.

Citations. App. 19/514.

§ 2934.

Citations. App. 18/453, 454.

§ 2937.

Citations. App. 9/169.

Satisfying mortgages by foreign executors.

§ 2939V'2' Foreign executors, administrators and guardians may sat-
isfy mortgages upon the records of any county in this state, upon pro-



§§2952-3003 civil code. 182

ducing and recording in the office of the county recorder of the county
in which such mortgage is recorded, a duly certified and authenticated
copy of their letters testamentary, or of administration or of guardian-
ship, and which certificate or authentication shall also recite that said
letters have not been revoked. [Amendment approved May 19, 1913;
Stats. 1913, p. 216. In efifect August 10, 1913.]

§ 2952.

Citations. App. 9/169.

§ 2955.

Citations. Gal. 158/239. 240; (subd. 8) 158/241, 242; (suMs. 20. 21) 158/
240, 241, 242; (subd. 22) 158/241. 242. App. 15/734; 18/529, 530.



App. 16/456; 18/529, 530, 64S.



S 2957.








Citations.


Cal.


157/576;


158/240. App. 1€


§ 2958.








Citations.


Cal.


157/217.




§ 2959.








Citations.


App


18/529.




§ 2963.








Citations.


App


18/646.


648.


§ 2967.








Citations.


Cnl.


156/463.




§ 2968.








Citations.


C.I.


156/464.




§ 2969.








Citations.


Cal.


156/462,


463. 464.


§ 2973.








Citations.


Cal.


158/2.19.


■J40. App, 18/529


§ 2988.








Citations.


App


9/184.




§ 3000.








Citations.


Cnl.


158/304.


App. 11/396.


§ 3002.








Citations.


App


9 401.




§ 3003.








Citations.


App


9 401.





183



CIVIL CODE.



§§ 3005-3051



§ 3006.

OlUtloni. Oal. 158/304.

S 3006.

Citations. Cal. 158/434. App. 9/190; 11/396; 17/698.

§ 3008.

Cltatiom. Cal. 157/403.

§ 3011.

Cltatiom. App. 9/401; 11/396.

§ 3046.

Citations. Cal. 155/479; 156/594; 157/746; 161/237. App. 14/744; 16/
400. 402.

§ 3047.

Citations. Cal. 155/479.

§ 3048.

Citations. Cal. 156/594.

§ 3049.

Citations. App. 13/312; 16/187.

Lien on personal property for services thereon.

§ 3051. Every person who, while lawfully in possession of an article
of personal property renders any service to the owner thereof, by labor
or skill, employed for the protection, improvement, safekeeping, or
carriage thereof, has a special lien thereon, dependent on possession,
for the compensation, if any, which is due to him from the owner for
such service; a person who makes, alters, or repairs any article of per-
sonal property, at the request of the owner, or legal possessor of the
property, has a lien on the same for his reasonable charges for the
balance due for such work done and materials furnished, and may retain
possession of the same until the charges are paid; and livery or boarding
or feed stable proprietors, and persons pasturing horses or stock, have
a lien, dependent on possession, for their compensation in earing for,
boarding, feeding, or pasturing such horses or stock; and laundry pro-
prietors and persons conducting a laundry business, have a general
lien, dependent on possession, upon all personal property in their bands
belonging to a customer, for the balance due them from such customer
for laundry work; and veterinary proprietors and veterinary surgeons
shall have a lien, dependent on possession, for their compensation in
caring for, boarding, feeding, and medical treatment of animals; and
keepers of garages for automobiles shall have a lien, dependent on pos-



§§ 3052-3131 CIVIL CODE. 184

Bession, for their compensation in caring for and safekeeping sTjrh auto-
mobiles. [Amendment approved April 12, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 887.]
Citations. App. 19/284.

§ 3052.

Citation*. App. 16/187.

§ 3055.

Citations. Gal. 159/745, 746.

§ 3060.

Citations. Cal. 159/745, 746.

§ 3061.

Citations. App. 10/474.

§ 3087.

Citations. App. 19/505.

§ 3088.

Citations. Cal. \:^^/22^. App. 19/505.

§ 3090.

Citations. App. 19/505.

§ 3093.

Citations. Cal. 163/492. App. 19/&05.

§ 3100.

Citations. App. 13/596.

§ 3108.

Citations. Cal. 163/489.

§ 3116.

Citations. App 11/291; 14/775; 15/172.

§ 3117.

Citations. Cal. 163/489.

§ 3125.

CiUtlons. App. 14/180.

§ 3130.

Citations. Cal. 1G4/C16, 611, 619, 620.

§ 3131.

Citations. App. 15/173.



185 CIVIL CODE. §§ 3137-3275

§ 3137.

CitatloM. Cal. 155/223. App. 10/611.

§ 3141.

Citationi. App. 15/172.

§ 3143.

Citations. App. 15/173.

§ 3148.

Citations. App. 15/172.

§ 3149.

Citations. App. 17/307.

§ 3155.

Citations. App. 14/775.

. § 3177.

Citations. App. 14/400, 776.

§ 3193.

Citations. App. 16/298.

§ 3195.

Citations. App. 14/179.

§ 3213.

CiUtions. App. 14/775, 776.

§ 3220.

Citations. App. 14/776.

§ 3254.

Citations. App. 14/775; 15/350.

§ 3255.

Citations. App. 14/400, 401, 776; 15/350.

§ 3268.

Citations. Cal. 161/194.

§ 3274.

Citations. Cal. 157/794.

§ 3275.

Citations. App. 16/247; 19/526.



§ 3281-3313 CIVIL code. 186

§ 3281.

Citations. Cal. 160/251.

§ 3283.

Citations. Cal. 159/373, 374; 164/493. App. 19/768.

§ 3287.

Citations. Cal. 162/320. App. 8/273; 13/313; 16/615; 17/221; 18/484,

486.

§ 3288.

Citations. App. 8/412.

§ 3294.

Citations. Cal. 157/506. 510; lCO/161, 162. 178; 161/705; 163/276. App.
8/173; 9/406; 17/270. 271.

§ 3300.

CiUtlons. Cal. 155/532; 161/396; 162/605; 163/154; 104/13. App. 8/«35;
10/352; 12/42; 13/85, 603; 18/8. 10. 15.

§ 3301.

Citations. App. 10/350, 351; 13,003.

§ 3302.

CiUtlons. App. 11/6C3; 18/8, 9, 10, 14, 15. 19.

§ 3305.

Citations. Cal. 161/395.

§ 3306.

CitaUons. Cal. 156/372, 651; 161/466. App. 10/310.

§ 3307.

Cit-itlons. Cal. 157/609. App. 19/164.

§ 3308.

Citations. Cal. 158/230. 231, 271. App. 8/635.

§ 3310.

CiUtlons. App. 16/186; 18/229; 19/308, 309.

§ 3311.

Citations. Cal. 155/45. App. 8/635; 13/310, 312, 313; 18/229; 19/308

§ 3313.

CiUtlons. App. 8/408; 10/711; 11,300.



187 CIVIL CODE. §§ 3314-3388

§ 3314.

Citatlona. Cal. 159/390, 391. App. 10/711.

§ 3333.

Citations. Cal. 155/532; 156/63, 588; 160/08, 155, 169, 251; 161/704.
App. 11/151; 12/508; 18/8, 10, 15.

§ 3336.

Citation!. Cal. 101/704, 705. App. 9/467; 13/342.

§ 3353.

Citation!. App. 11/641.

§ 3354.

CiUtioni. Cal. 158/271, 574.

§ 3356.

CitatioBf. Cal. 163/134.

§ 3357.

Citation!. Cal. 163/134. App. 8/635; 13/312, 313.

§ 3358.

Citation!. Cal. 163/134. App. 18/329.

§ 3360.

Citations. App. 8/635,

§ 3366.

CitaUons. Cal. 157/794.

„ § 3368.

11 Citations. Cal. 157/794, 795.

§ 3380.

CiUtiona. App. 11/23, 24.

§ 3384.

Citations. App. 12/439.

§ 3386.

CiUtions. Cal. 156/247; 162/662. App. 8/393; 12/437; 14/30; 18/310,
321.

§ 3387.

Citations. Cal. 157/23.

§ 3388.

Citations. Cal. 156/251. App. 10/152; 13/719.



§§ 3389-3422 civil code. 188

S 3389.

Citations. App. 16/325.

§ 3390.

Cltotions. Cal. (subd. 4) 156/749. App. 13/648; (tnbd. 1) 9/214; (gubd.
6) 8/393; 13/457.

§ 3391.

Citations. Cal. 157/25; 160/97; 161/302. 464: 163/157. 19«; (iubd 1)
156/372. App. 8/219, 354, 390: 9/643; 10 149, 151. 152, 310; 13/619; 14/
720; (gubd. 1) 8/389; 10/152; (aubd. 2) 8/391; 10/152.

§ 3392.

Citations. App. 14/30.

§ 3395.

Citations. Cal. 164/277.

§ 3399.

Citations. Cal. 164/48, 49, 50. App. 9/507. 687.

S 3401.

CiUtlons. Cal. 164/48, 49. App. 9,*t)67.

§ 3402.

Citations. Cal. 164/48. App. 9/667; 13/4S8.

§ 3406.

CiUtlons. Cal. 160/630; 164/687.

§ 3407.

Citations. Cal. 160/630.

§ 3408.

CitaUons. Cal. 160/630. App. 19/561,

§ 3415.

Citations. App. 14/779.

§ 3420.

Citations. Cal. 157/794.

§ 3421.

Citations. Cal. 157/794.

§ 3422.

Citations. Cal. 167/794. App 18/667-



189 CIVIL CODE. §§ 3423-3513

§ 3423.

citations. Cal. (subd. 1) 161/573.

§ 3432.

Citations. App. 9/298.

§ 3439.

Cltetions. Cal. 157/576; 159/217; 162/23; 164/270, 272. App. 16/382,
487.

§ 3440.

Citations. Cal. 157/576, 577; 163/327. App. 8/782; 11/379, 651, 652; 17/
372; 19/149, 150, 151, 153, 154.

§ 3441.

Citations. Cal. 164/270.

§ 3442.

Citations. Cal. 159/217; 163/327. App. 12/621.

§ 3450.

Citations. Cal. 159/217.

§ 3463.

Citations. App. 18/648.

§ 3464.

Citations. App. 18/648.

§ 3466.

Citations. App. 18/647.

§ 3479.

Citations. Cal. 163/88. App. 9/778.

§ 3493.

Citations. App. 9/778.

§ 3502.

Citations. App. 15/627, 632.

§ 3510.

Citations. Cal. 161/418.

§ 3512.

Citations. App. 9/520.

§ 3513.

Citations. Cal. 155/139. App. 8/486.



§§ 3515-3543 civil code. 190

§ 3515.

Citations. App. 9/520; 15/87.

§ 3516.

Citation!. App. 15/87.

§ 3517.

Citation!. App. 9/520.

§ 3519.

Citation!. App. 11/376; 18/216.

§ 3521.

Citations. App. 19/26.

§ 3522.

Citations. Cal. 160/513. App. 9/620; 14/220.

§ 3523.

Citations. App. 18/14.

§ 3529.

Citations. App. 12/629; 19/444.

§ 3532.

Citations. App. 8/486; 10/571; 11/237.

§ 3533.

CiUtions. App. 12/53; 18/460.

§ 3540.

Citations. App. 19/160.

§ 3541.

Citations. Cal. 158/642. App. 17/651.

§ 3542.

Citations. Cal. 158/642.

§ 3543.

Citations. Cal. 156/170; 159/793. App. 9/121; 12/633; 18/452.



THE

PENAL CODE

OF THE

STATE OF ( ALIFORNIA.

AMENDMENTS OF 1911 AND 1913.
§ 4.

Citations. Cal. 161/275; 162/333. App. 11/576.

§ 6.

Citations. Cal. 160/383.

§7.

Citations. Cal. 160/158. 160; (subd. 4) 160/158; (subd. 7) 158/676, 678.
App. (subd. 1) 19/753; (subd. 2) 15/370; (subd. 4) 8/753; 9/49; 16/751;
(subd. 6) 17/5'15.

§ 11.

Citations. Cal. 160/380, 383, 387.

§ 15.

Citations. App. 9/240; 11/359.

§ 16.

Citations. App. 11/359.

§ 17.

Citations. App. 11/359, 574; 12/488, 489.

§ 18.

Citations. Cal. 161/442. App. 13/403.

§ 19.

Citations. App. 16/794; 18/169.

§ 20.

Citations. App. 9/221; 12/24, 529.

§ 21.

Citations. Cal. 161/559. App. 12/24.

(191)



§§ 22-114 PENAL CODE. 192

§ 22.

Citations. Cal. 162/245. App. 16/16.

§ 26.

Cltatlonr App. 12/775; 13/100. 102; 14/549; 19/303.

§ 27.

Citations. App. 9/250, 251.

§ 30.

Citations. App. 9/281.

§ 31.

ClUtlons. Cal. 155/174; lfll/439, 440, 442, 443; 162/85, 8«. App. 8/352;
9/281; 10/174; 11/478; 12/686; 13/187; 17/280.

§ 32.

Citations. App. 16/360.

§ 72.

Citations. App. 9/675, 677, 678, 679.

§ 75.

Citations. Cal. 160/691.

§ 76.

Citations. Cal. 160/691.

§ 92.

Citations. App. 17/514.

§ 93.

Citations. Cal. 161 /44», 449.

§ 94.

ClUtlons. Cal. 161/449.

S 105.

ClUtlons. Cal. 155/175; 160/358. App, 13/400, 401, 402, 40S.

§ 106.

Citations. App. 13/400, 401, 402, 403.

§ 113.

Citations. App. 14/227. 228. 232. 238, 239.

§ 114.

ClUtlons. App. 14/227, 228. 238, 239.



193 PENAL CODE. §§ 115-172



§


115.








Citations.


App.


12/241,


§


118.








Citations.


App.


9/679;


§


121.








Citations.


App.


13/461.


§


126.








Citations.


Cal.


161/442,


§


127.








Citations.


Cal.


161/442,


§


137.








Citations.


Cal.


161/442,


§


154.








Citations.


App.


17/371.



242.



Grand juror acting after challenge has been allowed.
§ 164. [Repealed March 22, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 434.]

§ 165.

Citations. Cal. 158/668, 673, 674, 675, 676; 161/436, 450.

§ 166.

Citations. Cal. 160/383.

Taking opium, etc., into jails.

§ 171a. Any person, not authorized by law, who brings into any state
prison, town or county jail, or city, or city and county jail, or reform-
atory in this state or within the grounds belonging or adjacent to any
such institution, any opium, morphine, cocaine, or other narcotic, or any
intoxicating liquor of any kind whatever, or any firearms, weapons, or
explosives of any kind, is guilty of a felony. [Amendment approved
March 14, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 364.]

Selling liquor near state institutions.

§ 172. Every person who, within half a mile of the land belonging
to this state upon which any state prison, or within nineteen hundred
feet of the land belonging to this state upon which any reformatory, is
situated, or within one mile of the grounds belonging to the University
of California, at Berkeley, or within three miles of the University Farm
at Davis, or within one and one-half miles of the lands occupied hj any
home, retreat, or asylum for disabled volunteer soldiers or sailors, estab-
lished or to be established by this state, or by the United States within
13



§§ 172a-240 pen.u. code. 194

this state, or within the state capitol, or within the limits of the grounds
adjacent and belonging thereto, sells, gives away, or exposes for sale,
any intoxicating, vinous or alcoholic liquors, is guiltv of a misdemeanor.
[Amendment approved March 23, 1911; Stats. 191 i, p. 452. In eflfect
September 1, 1911.]

§ 172a.

CiUtions. Cal. 160/301.

§ 176.

Citations. App. 18/427, 429.

§ 182.

ClUtioni. Cal. 155/175. App. 12/497.

§ 187.

Citations. Cal. 160/370; 162/93. App. 8/615; 9/204.

§ 188.

Citations. Cal. 160/370; lf.2'244. App 9/203.

§ 189.

CiUtions. Cal. 162/93; 163/482. App. 8/615; 9/205; 13/577.

§ 190.

Citations. Cal. 158/194. 195; 163/483. App. 8/109; 11/45.

§ 192.

Citations. Cal. 162/93. App. R'f.is. f.if.; I3'.',l: Unhd 2^ 13/577.

§ 197.

CitaUons. App. 8/605; 13/103. 659; 18/346. lfl/474; (subd. 3) 13/352.

§ 198.

Citations. App. 8/605.

§ 211.

Citations. App. 13/356.

§ 220.

Citations. App. 9/316; 10/14; 18/356, 357.

§ 236.

Citations. App. 9,48.

§ 240.

Citations. App. 13/357.



195 PENAL CODE. §§ 241-263

Punishment of assault.

§ 241. An assault is punishable by fine not exceeding five hundred
dollars or by imprisonment in the county .iail not exceeding six months,
or by both. [Amendment approved April 6, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 687.]

§ 242.

Citations. Cal. 160/20. App. 15/319.

§ 245.

Citations. Cal. 156/745. App. 10/461, 462; 11/573.

§ 246.

Citations. Cal. 155/168, 169, 176; 156/736, 737, 738.

§ 248.

Citations. Cal. 160/154.

§ 250.

Citations. Cal. 160/155, 158.

Rape defined.

§ 261. Rape is an act of sexual intercourse, accomplished Tvith a
female not the wife of the perpetrator, under either of the following
circumstances:

1. Where the female is under the age of eighteen years;

2. Where she is incapable, through lunacy or other unsoundness of
mind, whether temporary or permanent, of giving legal consent;

3. Where she resists, but her resistance is overcome by force or vio-
lence;

4. Where she is prevented from resisting by threats of great and
immediate bodily harm, accompanied by apparent power of execution, or
by any intoxicating narcotic, or anesthetic, substance, administered by
or with the privity of the accused;

5. Where she is at the time unconscious of the nature of the act, and
this is known to the accused;

6. Where she submits under the belief that the person committing the
act is her husband, and this belief is induced by any artifice, pretense,
or concealment practiced bv the accused, with intent to induce such
belief. [Amendment approved May 19, 1913; Stats. 1913, p. 212. In
effect August 10, 1913.]

Citations. Cal. (subd. 1) 160/539. App. 9/133, 313; 10/14, 16; 17/520;
19/293; (subd. 3) 17/521; (subd. 5) 17/522, 526.

§ 262.

Citations. App. 11/573.

§ 263.

Citations. App. 9/133.



§§ 264-269b penal code. 196

Punishment for rape,

§ 264. Kape is punishable by imprisonment in the state prison not
more than fifty years, except where the ofiFense is under subdivision 1
of section 261 of the Penal Code and the female is over the age of
sixteen years and under the age of eighteen years in which case the pun-
ishment shall be by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than
one year or in the state prison for not more than fifty years, and in such
case the jury shall determine by their verdict whether the punishment
shall be by imprisonment in the rountv jail or in the state prison.
[Amendment approved May 19, 1913; Stats. 1913, p. 213. In effect
August 10, 1913.]

§ 266.

Citations. Cal. 160/770.

§ 266a.

Citations. Cal. 162/248, 249.

§ 266f.

Citations. Cal. 162/249.

§ 266g.

Citations. App. 14/336, 338; 17/153.

§ 267.

Citations. Cal. 160/769, 770, 772, 773. App. 11/763; 16/30; 19/79.

§ 268.

Citations. App. 15/221; 18/173.

§ 269.

Citations. Cal. 162/83.

Adultery.

§ 269a. Every person who lives in a state of cohabitation and adul-
tery is guilty of a misdemeanor and punishable by a fine not exceeding
one thousand dollars, or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceed-
ing one year, or bv both. [Amendment approved March 21, 1911; Stats.
1911, p. 426. J

Citations. Cal. 162/82, 83, 84, 85, 86. App. 8/350; 17/279; 19/360, 361,
362.

Adultery of married persons.

§ 269b. If two persons, each being married to another, live together
in a state of cohaVutation and adultery, each is guilty of a felony, and
punisliahle by imprisonmont in the state prison not exceeding five years.
A recorded certificate of marriage or a certified copy thereof, there
being no decree of divorce, proves the marriage of a person for the



197 PENAL CODE. §§ 27C«-273h

purpose of this action. [Amendnieut approved March 21, 1911; Stats.
1911, p. 426.]

Citations. Cal. 162/82, 83, 86.

§ 270.

Citations. Cal. 162/348; 1G4/505. App. 19/110, 111, 482, 486, 487, 569,
570, 571, 572, 573, 574.

Fine may be paid to wife of defendant.

§ 270d. In any case where there is a conviction and sentence under
the provisions of either section 270 or section 270a, of this code, should
a fine be imposed, such fine may be directed by the court to be paid in
whole or in part to the wife of the defendant or guardian or custodian
of the child or children of such defendant. [New section approved
April 6, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 6S7.]

Citations. App. 19/570, 571, 572, 573, 574.

Proof of marriage, etc. Confidential communications. Proof of aban-
donment.
§ 270e. No other evidence shall be required to prove marriage of
husband and wife, or that a person is the lawful father or mother of a
child or children, than is or shall be required to prove such facts in a
civil action. In all prosecutions under either section 270 or 270a of
this code any existing provisions of law prohibiting the disclosure of
confidential communications between husband and wife shall not apply,
and both husliand and wife shall be competent to testify to any and
all relevant matters, including the fact of marriage and the parentage
of a child or children. Proof of the abandonment and nonsupport of
a wife, or of the omission to furnish necessary food, clothing, shelter, or
of medical attendance for a child or children is prima facie evidence
that such abandonment and nonsupport or omission to furnish necessary
food, clothing, shelter or medical attendance is willful. [New section
approved April 6, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 688.]

Person convicted may be compelled to work on roads. Payment made
to wife, etc.
§ 273h, In all prosecutions under the provisions of either section 270
or section 270a, or section 270b, or section 271, or section 271a of this
code where a conviction is had and sentence of imprisonment in the
county jail is imposed, the court may direct that the person so convicted
shall be compelled to work upon the public roads or highways, or any
other public work, in the county where such conviction is had, during
the term of such sentence. And it shall be the duty of the board of
supervisors of the county where such conviction and sentence are had,
and where such work is performed by a person under sentence to the
county jail, to allow and order the payment out of any fund available
to the wife, or to the guardian, or to the custodian of a child or children,
or to an organization, or to an individual appointed by the court as



§§ 274-308



PENAL CODE.



198



trustee, at the end of each calendar month, for the snnport of such wife,
child or fhil<lren, a sum not to exceed one and fifty one-hnndredths
dollars for earh day's work of such person. [New soction approved
April 6, 1911; Stats. 1911, p. 688.]
Citations. App. 19/574.

§ 274.

Citations. C»l. 161/554. App. 8/615; 15/197; 16/753.

§ 281.

Citations. App. 17/173, 174. 177.

§ 282.

Citations. App. 17/173; (subd. 1) 17/174.

§ 288.

Citations. Cal. 164/148. App. 8/742, 746; 9/239, 240; 13/300; 14/547;
16/7'J2. 793; 17/376, 464, 679,



§ 292.
Citations.



App. 17/25.



§ 293.

Citations. App. 17/26,

§ 307.

Citations. App. 8/303; 9/77.

Selling tobacco to minors. Dealers to post copy of act.

§ 308. Every person, firm or torjioration which sells or gives or in
any way furnish'^s to another person who is in fact under the age of



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