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exclusive, see Kerr's Cyc. C. G. §S 2909 et seq. and notes.

1453



§ 2920/



CIVIL CODE.



[Div.III.Pt.IV.



CHAPTER II.

MORTGAGE.

Article I. Mortgages in General, §§ 2920-2942.

II. Mortgages of Real Property, §§ 2947-2952.
TIT. Mortgages of Personal Property, §§ 2955-2973.



ARTICLE I.

MORTGAGES IN GENERAL.

§ 2920. Mortgage, what.

§ 2921. Property adversely held may be mortgaged.

§ 2922. To be In writing.

§ 2923. Lien of a mortgage, when special.

§ 2924. Transfer, when mortgage, when pledge.

§ 2925. Transfer made subject to defeasance may be proved.

§ 2926. Mortgage, on wliat a lien.

§ 2927. Mortgage does not entitle mortgagee to possession.

§ 2928. Mortgage not a personal obligation.

§ 2929. Waste.

§ 2930. Subseqxiently acquired title inures to mortgagee.

§ 2931. Foreclosure.

§ 2932. Power of sale.

§ 2933. Power of attorney to execute.

§ 2934. Recording assignment of mortgage.

§ 2935. Not notice to mortgager.

§ 2936. Mortgage passes by assignment of debt.

§ 2937. Time allowed for filing mortgage for record [repealed].

§ 2938. Mortgage, how discharged.

§ 2939. Same. [On certificate.]

§ 29391/^. Same — How foreign executors and administrators may

satisfy mortgages.

§ 2940. Same. [Record and reference.]

§ 2941. Duty of mortgagee on satisfaction of naortgage.

§ 2942. Provisions of this chapter do not affect bottomry or

respondentia.

§ 2920. MORTGAGE, WHAT. Mortgage is a contract by
which specific property is hypothecated for the performance
of an act, without the necessity of a change of possession.



History:



Enacted March 21, 1872.
1454



Tit.XIV.ch.II.art.I.] mortgages. § 2920

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 56 pars, annotation.

58 C. 11, 15 (cited); 66 C. 97, 98, 4 P. 1062, 1063 (cited); 88

C. 437, 441, 22 A. S. 314, 26 P. 203, 204, 13 L. 137 (construed);
98 C. 514, 518, 33 P. 486, 487, 488 (cited); 107 C. 144, 148, 40 P.
37 (cited); 109 C. 360, 365, 42 P. 35 (cited); 112 C. 180, 187,
53 A. S. 201, 40 P. 104, 44 P. 484 (cited); 121 C. 487, 489, 66 A.
S. 57, 53 P. 1081 (cited); 122 C. 478, 479, 55 P. 143 (referred
to); 125 C. 459, 461, 58 P. 89 (cited); 128 C. 293, 300, 60 P. 769
(cited); 128 C. 489, 491, 61 P. 84 (cited); 135 C. 277, 279, 67 P.
129 (applied); 147 C. 384, 389, 81 P. 1077 (cited); 148 C. 650,
653, 84 P. 186 (cited — what is more than a mortgage); 151 C.
606, 612, 91 P. 518 (power to "mortg'age" property carries only
what power); 6 C. A. 455, 458, 92 P. 393 (construed with §2927 —
effect of mortgage as to title or possession); 11 F. 253, 259
(cited).

MORTGAGES — GENERALLY.
As to vendor's lien, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 3046 and note.
Absence of mortgagor from state as suspension of running'
of statute of limitations against action for foreclosure. — See

8 A. C. 1173.

Actions and defenses on, as to, generally, see 4 A. C. 818; 5
A. C. 515.

Actions by mortgagees for removal of fixtures. — See 13 A.
S. 153.

Adverse possession by mortgagor or his grantee against
mortgagee. ^See 1 L. N. S. 136.

After-acquired personal property, effect of upon. — See 76 A.

D. 723; 109 A. S. 510.

After-acquired property, as to whether included in. — See 9
L. 140-142.

Agreement for support in consideration of conveyance, as
basis for equitable lien. — See 13 L. N. S. 725.

Agreement to renew. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2922 and note
pars. 25-29.

Application of insurance money extinguishes mortgage. — See

9 A. C. 58, 66.

Application of proceeds of sale under deed of trust or mort-
gage, effect of upon the running of limitation against the in-
debtedness secured. — See 14 L. N. S. 479.

Application of rents and profits in hands of mortgagee in
possession. — See 3 A. C. 1132.

Another debt, continuing lien after payment of to secure. —
See 4 A. C. 316.

Antecedent debt as consideration constituting grantee or
mortgagee purchaser for value. — See 3 A. C. 395.

Assignee of mortgage as to lateral security, who forecloses
the same and holds tlie property, does he hold the title subject
to a trust in favor of the assignor. — See 7 L. N. S. 1094.

1455



§ 2920 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

Assignment of mortgage, as to generally, and effect of. — See
14 A. D. 512; 2 L. 736; 5 L. 292; 5 L. 621; 6 L. 61; 8 L. 724; 13
L. 294.

Assignor of mortgage, right to enforce option to declare
entire mortgage debt due for default of payments. — See 15
L. N. S. 590.

Assumption of by grantees, what amounts to and tlieir lia-
bility under. — See 78 A. D. 73.

Bar of other remedies, effect to prevent sale under power
in.— See 13 K N. S. 1210.

Breach of policy of insurance by mortgagor, effect of on
rights of mortgagee. — See 18 L. N. S. 197.

Burial lot, right to mortgage. — See 67 L. 122.

By guardian, necessity of bond to make valid. — See 33 L. 761.

Chattel mortgages. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2955-2973 and
notes.

Concurrent remedies of holders of. — See 73 A. S. 559.

Consideration for, as to generally, see 10 L. 459; 33 L. 303;
55 L. 933; 62 L. 61.

Contents and sufficiency of. — See 3 A. C. 393; 10 A. C. 249.

Continuance of, as security notwithstanding changes in the
form of the debt. — See 85 A. D. 466, 467, 471.

Continuing lien of mortgage after payment to secure another
debt.— See 4 A. C. 316.

Contribution among persons holding lands affected by. — See
16 A. D. 141.

"Conveyance" includes "mortgage." — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2952 and note par. 3.

Corporation — Foreign, right to take on real property in the
state. — See 24 L. 328.

Same — Mortgage by in favor of, or for the benefit of, direct-
ors, right of subsequent creditor to question, in absence of
fraud. — See 12 L. N. S. 825.

Same — Power of president and vice president of, to give. —
See 14 L. 359.

Same — Power of to mortgage. — See 6 L. 565; 11 L. 846.

Cotenant, right of one who pays mortgage as to subrogation
to the rights of mortgagee as against other cotenants or his
■privies. — See 8 L. N. S. 559.

Crops and emblements, right to on foreclosure. — See 4 L. 453.

Crops to be planted, validity of mortgage of, or agreement
to mortgage. — See 5 A. C. 400.

Debts secured, right of bondholders, as to generally, see 6 L.
566; 10 L. 508; 20 L. 535; 21 L. 550; 24 L. 800; 35 L. 536.

Decree and sale on foreclosure. — See 37 L. 743.

Deduction of, in computing succession tax. — See 16 L. N. S. 329.

Deed — Absolute in form with agreements to reconvey. — See 17
A. D. 300.

1456



i



Tit.XIV,ch.II,art.I.] MORTGAGES. § 2920

Same — Absolute on face, a mortgage when. — See 5 L. N. S.
387; 11 L. N. S. 209; 11 L. N. S. 825.

Same — Delivered in escrow as further security for debt,
effect of on right to redeem from sale under foreclosure. — See
2 L. N. S. 628.

Deed and mortgage, effect upon one who signs but is not
named in. — See 13 L. N. S. 298.

Defective execution of mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2922
and note par. 7.

Deficiency, judgment and execution for. — See 4 L. 205.

Description in, what title or interest passes. — See 6 L. 566;
9 Lr. 140, 141, 142; 12 L. 177; 18 L. 76; 66 L. 44.

Same — Fixtures. — See "Fixtures," this note; also note § 660,
ante.

Description of indebtedness in. — See 49 A. S. 207.

Distinction between deed of trust and mortgage. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2932 and note pars. 5, 6.

Distinction between pledge and mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2928 and note par. 11.

Distinction of liens. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2909-2913 and
notes.

Effect of release by mortgagee of mortgaged premises to
grantee or mortgagor on liability of mortgagor for mortgage
debt. — See 6 A. C. 550.

Ejectment by mortgagee. — See 18 L. 788.

Eminent domain, remedies by and against mortgagees in
proceedings in. — See 88 A. S. 363.

Entry by mortgagee by virtue of an interest in the property,
but not under the mortgage, effect of to enable him to hold
as mortgagee in possession. — See 16 L. N. S. 151.

Equitable mortgages — As to generally, see 4 A. D. 696-708.

Same — Keeping alive after payment. — See 1 L. N. S. 405.

Same — What constitute. — See 4 A. S. 696; 3 W. & P. 2442.

Equity has jurisdiction to declare effect of instrument. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2924 and note par. 22; § 2948 note par. 11.

Equity of redemption — Contracts between mortgagor and
mortgagee for the release of. — See 55 A. S. 100.

Same — Terms of redemption. — See 6 A. C. 471.

Same — Whether subject to execution on judgment for the
mortgage debt. — See 11 A. D. 193.

Same — ^Who may exercise. — See 4 A. C. 806; 4 A. C. 846; 6
A. C. 471; 8 A. C. 361.

Same — Same — Married woman during life of husband. — See 6
A. C. 475.

Same — Same — One improperly omitted as party. — See 4 A.
C. 848.

Same — Same — Tenant for years. — See 4 A. C. 807.

Estate of the mortgagee at common law. — See 7 A. S. 31.

1457



§ 2920 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

Estoppel created by against the mortg-agor. — See 45 A. D. 392.

Execution of, formalities and validity. — See 6 L. 565; 8 L.
614; 16 L. 719; 22 L. 297.

Same — Execution and acknowledgment by corporation. — See 6
L. 565.

Same — Signed by proxy. — See 22 L. 97.

Extension of time — As discharge. — See "Payment, discharge,
and extinction," this note.

Same — To grantee who has assumed mortgage debt as re-
leasing personal liability of mortgagor. — See 9 A. C. 259.

Extent to which bondholders are represented by trustee in
mortgage or deed of trust, securing bonds. — See 16 L. N. S. 1006.

Extinguishnient of mortgage — By application of insurance
money. — See 9 A. C. 58, 66.

Same — By payment. — See 9 A. C. 1193; 10 A. C. 278.

Same — By tender. — See 7 A. C. 1061; 8 A. C. 361; 10 A. C. 278.

Same — Same — By whom must be made to extinguish lien. —
See 7 A. C. 1065.

Same — Same — Effect of tender after maturity and before
foreclosure. — See 8 A. C. 368.

Failure of mortgagor to give notice of proof of loss, effect
of upon right of mortgagee to recover under the policy. — See

14 L. N. S. 459.

Fictitious names as affecting liability of.— See 49 L. 423.

First and last days in computing time for sale under mort-
gage foreclosure. — See 49 L. 233.

Fixtures — As to between mortgagor and mortgagee, and pur-
chaser under sale — Generally, see 1 L. 350; 7 L. 279; 10 L. 725;

15 L. 57; 19 L. 444.

Same- — Right of purchaser at foreclosure sale with respect
to.— See 7 L. 278.

Foreclosure of — As to generally, see 4 A. C. 846; 1 L. 397; 4
L. 453; 5 L. 46; 7 L. 278; 9 L. 143; 9 L. 731; 10 L. 507; 21 L.
321; 21 L. 550; 32 L. 208; 49 L. 233; 54 L. 763; 69 L. 682.

Same — As against persons not in being.— See 8 L. N. S. 70.

Same — Bar of other remedies, effect of to prevent a sale of
property under a power in. — See 13 L. N. S. 1210.

Same — By exercise of power of sale. — See 92 A. S. 573.

Same — By power of sale, strict foreclosure, as to generally,
see 8 Lr. 50; 20 L. 733; 70 L. 135-145.

Same — Deficiency on, judgment and execution for. — See 4 L.
205; 50 L. 583.

Same — Does homestead exemption attach to the surplus upon
sale under a lien paramount to the homestead right. — See 18
L. N. S. 491.

Same— Does last payment on a past-due debt secured by
mortgage, which debt * subsequently becomes barred, fix the
period from which the limitation applicable to the mortgage is
to be computed. — See 11 L. N. S. 744.

1458



Tit.XIV,ch.II,art.I.] MORTGAGES. § 2920

Same — Effect of acceleration provision in mortgage to start
the statute of limitations running-. — See 12 L. N. S. 1190.

Same — Effect of by taking possession before all of mortgage
debt due. — See 3 L. N. S. 343.

Same — Effect on of debt becoming barred by statute of lim-
itations, under conveyance absolute on its face but intended
as a mortgage. — See 11 L. N. S. 825.

Same — Enjoining sale — Pending bankruptcy. — See 2 L. N. S.
560.

Same — Same — Under power in mortgage against which the
statute of limitations has run. — See 6 L. N. S. 510.

Same — Entry by mortgagee by virtue of interest in the prop-
erty, effect to enable him to hold as a mortgagee in posses-
sion. — See 16 L. N. S. 151.

Same — Litigation of paramount titles in suits for. — See 68
A. S. 354.

Same — Of subsequent, effect of upon prior. — See 80 A. D. 714.

Same — Power of equity, wliere mortgage does not convey"
title, to impound rents and profits of mortgaged property pend-
ing foreclosure. — See 7 L. N. S. 1001.

Same — Proceedings on. — See 37 L. 737-759.

Same — Redemption from. — See "Redemption," this note.

Same — Removal, for separable controversy, of proceedings to
foreclose. — See 5 L. N. S. 72.

Same — Riglit of assignee to enforce option to declare entire
mortgage due for default of payment. — See 15 L. N. S. 590.

Same — Right of tenant in common who pays mortgage debt
to enforce against cotenants. — See 10 A. C. 282.

Same — Sale under. — See "Sale under foreclosure," this note.

Same — Upon land in another state. — See 4 L. N. S. 986.

Same — Waiver of junior lien by failure to assert in. — See 68
L. 323.

Same — When right of barred. — See 7 A. C. 189; 8 A. C. 1160;
8 A. C. 1173.

Same — Same — Absence of mortgagor from state suspends run-
ning of limitation against foreclosure. — See 8 A. C. 1173.

Same — Same — Injunction to restrain sale of property under
mortgage on ground that debt secured is barred by statute. —
See 7 A. C. 1189.

Same — Who may enforce and parties to action. — See 1 L.
334; 5 L. 291; 24 I.. 320! 64 L. 618.

Foreign corporation, rlglit to take mortgage on property In
the state. — See 24 L. 328.

Forfeiture, validity of contract providing for. — Sio Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2889 and note.

Form of mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 294S and note.

"Grant" defined. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1053 and note; 4
W. & P. 3152.

1459



§ 2920 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

Growing crop — Lien of mortgage on. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2972 and note.

Homestead exemption, does it attach to the surplus upon fore-
closure of a lien paramount to the homestead right. — See 18
L. N. S. 491.

Illegal bonus for discharge of, payment of pending foreclosure
as duress. — See 2 L. N. S. 574.

Impairment of value of security, rights and remedies of
mortgagees against. — See 43 A. S. 432.

Injunction to restrain sale of property under mortgage of
trust deed on ground that action on debt secured is barred by
statute of limitations. — See 7 A. C. 189.

Insolvency statutes, effect of upon mortgage preferring cred-
itors. — See 37 L. 465.

Insurance — On mortgaged premises, application of proceeds
of.— See 118 A. S. 968.

Same — Secured by mortgagee to protect his own interests,
interest of mortgagor in. — See 11 L. N. S. 143.

Same — Proceeds of, where loss occurs after foreclosure sale
but during period of redemption. — See 6 L. N. S. 448.

Interest of mortgagor in insurance secured by mortgagee to
protect his own interests. — See 11 L. N. S. 143.

Is debt upon property purchased by municipality without
assuming payment, is it part of a municipal indebtedness. —
See 3 L. N. S. 684.

Junior lien, waiver by failure to assert in foreclosure pro-
ceedings. — See 68 L. 323.

Lease assigned as security. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2947 and
note par. 10.

Lien accessory to obligation to be performed. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2909 and note.

Lien of.— See 4 A. C. 314; 5 A. C. 899.

Same — Continuing lien after payment to secure another debt.
—See 4 A. C. 316.

Same— Effect on of sale under the mortgage. — See 58 A. D. 569.

Liens generally. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. ,§§ 2872-2813 and notes;
also note § 2872, ante.

Limitation of action to foreclosure. — See 10 L. 507.

Limitations, statute of, effect of upon. — See 95 A. S. 664.

Married woman, right to redeem mortgaged premises during
life of husband.— See 6 A. C. 475.

Merger of in the fee. — See 99 A. S. 160.

Mistake, discharge of mortgage by, right to reinstatement. —
See 55 L. 788.

Mortgagee — Actions by against third persons. — See 109 A. S.
430.

Same — Duty of to hold proceeds of insurance and apply to
indebtedness as it falls due. — See 10 L. N. S. 1166.

1460



Tit.XIV,ch.II,art.I.]



MORTGAGES. § 2920



Same— Ejectment by.— See 18 L. 788. „ . 974- T? L 290

Same— Entitled to possession when.— See 7 L. 274 13 L. 290.
Same-Injunction in favor of against execution sale.-See 30

"^'sime-ln possession-Attornment of tenant tc-See 8 K 568.
Same— Same— Duties and liabilities of.— See 4 A. S. 69.
Same— Same— Rights of.— See 7 L. 276 277
Same-Limitation of.-See 1 L. 397; 6 L. 610.
Same— Protection of rights of. — See 7 L. bil.
Same— Remedy for injury to security.— See 1 L- 366
Same— Right of on condemnation of premises.— See 18 U lid.
Same-Right of to benefit of insurance to take in mortgagors

name.— See 25 L. 305. o t fi78

Same— Senior, rights to disbursements.— See 9 L. 678^
Same-Subrogation of junior to rights of prior.-See 5 L.

''skm'e-Who has paid taxes, right to maintain independent
acUo" against mortgagor for reimbursement before or after
foreclosure of mortgage.— See 10 L. N. S. 6<9. ..^li^itv

Mortgages to secure future advances-Requisites and ^alidiU
of See 20 A. D. 658-663.

Mortgagor-Effect of stipulation that he shall become tenant.

—See 49 L. 435. . t fi^n

Same— In possession— Rights of.-See , L. 630.
Same— Of mining claim, right to relocate same for his own

'Zlt-ll'^ll o, "'sale o. contract w,t„ re,e.e„c, to ,n„r.-
p-ae-in°- nronertv free from mortgage. — See 8 L,. M. b- *"*•
^tameruight'o engage in competing business after sale of
business and good-will on foreclosure.-See 19 K N. S. ^6d

Name of instrument inimaterial.-See Kerr s Cyc. C. C. § -948

'"Naturr;:i-iii\y and effect of - tgage-As to generally, see
4 L 427- 7 L. 273, 275; 9 L. 544; 14 L. 55; 38 L. 562; <0 L. 317.

Necessity for sales under powers to be for reasonable price.-

See 103 A. S. 51. . .

New, when may be enforced as a continuation of the Hen ot

prior mortgages. — See 5 A. S. 705. ^ . , +• „ t^ ov<»rrise

Notice of mortgagee to mortgagor of nitention to exercise

power of sale in mortgage, necessity of.-See 11 A. C. 170

Of after-acquired property and of property having only a

potential existence.-See 46 A. D. 712; 109 A. S. 510

Of railways, subsequent claims which take precedence of.— See

^Vtrol evidence to show absolute deeds to be.-See 15 A D. 47
Partner— Assumption of individual debts of partner b> mort

gage of partnership property.— See 29 L. 692

lame— Power to give on partnership real estate.-See 28 L.

95.

146X



§ 2920 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

Same — Surviving-, power to give on real estate. — See 28 L. 134.

Payment, discharge, and extinction, as to generally, see 9
A. C. 1193; 10 A. C. 278; 1 L. 346; 5 L. 289; 5 L. 520; 7 L. 279; 10
L. 537; 13 L. 298; 21 L. 550; 23 L>. 131; 29 L. 120; 35 L. 294; 57 L.
333, 340.

Same — By extension of time when. — See 55 L. 673-688.

Same — By tender, unaccepted. — See 33 L. 231-235.

Same — Right to reinstatement of mortgage released or dis-
charged by mistake.— See 58 L. 788-807.

Payment extinguishes. — See 9 A. C. 1193; 10 A. C. 278; also
"Payment, discharge and extinction," this note.

Payment of illegal bonus for discharge of, pending foreclosure,
as duress.— See 2 L. N. S. 574.

Person improperly omitted as party to foreclosure proceed-
ings, right to redeem. — See 4 A. C. 848.

Personal liability for indebtedness — As to, generally, see 6
A. C. 549; 7 A. C. 364; 9 A. C. 255.

Same — By extension of time to grantee who has assumed
mortgage debt. — See 9 A. C. 259.

Same^ — Effect on, of release by mortgag-ee of mortg-aged
premises to grantee or mortgag-or. — See 6 A. C. 550.

Personal property which may be mortgaged. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2955 and note.

Pledge in case possession is transferred. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2924 and note

Pledges.— See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 29S6-3011 and notes; also
note § 2986, post.

Possession — ^Mortgagee, by, authorized if he deems himself
unsafe. — See 51 A. R. 805, 809.

Same — Mortgagee not entitled to. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2927
and note.

Power of trustee to mortgage trust property. — See 9 A. C.
643; 10 A. C. 255.

Pre-existing' debt as consideration for mortgage as against
other creditors or equities. — See 33 L. 305-311.

Preference by, as an assignment for creditors. — See 37 L. 337.

Priority — Between included mortgage — And judgment. — See
10 L. 411.

Same — Included mortgage — As against purchaser at judicial
sale. — See 21 L. 38.

Same — Of claims for labor over, under statutory provision. —
See 2 L. N. S. 615.

Same — Of railroad mortgage over other liens. — See 9 L. 143.

Same- — Subsequent mechanic's lien. — See 14 L. 305.

Purchase at tax sale by or in the interest of mortgagor,
guarantor of mortgage indebtedness, or purchaser of equity
of redemption, effect of. — See 16 L. N. S. 121.

Purchaser of property subject to — -When becomes liable for
the payment of the mortgage debt. — See 62 A. D. 141.

1462



Tit.XIV,ch.II,art.I.] MORTGAGES. § 2920

Same — When may not contest validity of. — See 22 A. R. 290.

Question of fact as to what constitutes mortgage. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2924 and note pars. 40, 41.

Railroad mortgage — As to what property included in. — See
9 L. 140, 142,

Same — After-acquired property which passes by. — See 99 A.
S. 252.

Same — Lands, income and earnings under. — See 6 L. 566; 9 L.
142.

Same — Priority of over other liens. — See 9 L. 143.

Same — Rails and other permanent fixtures annexed after exe-
cution of. — See 66 L. 44.

Railway, after-acquired property which passes by mortgage.
— See 99 A. S. 252; also "Railroad mortgage," this note.

Real property which may be mortgaged. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2947 and note.

Receiver — Appointment of on foreclosure of mortgage. — See 1
L. 397.

Same — Mortgagee, when entitled to collect rents. — See 27 A.
S. 793.

Same — to take charge of mortgaged property, when may be
appointed. — See 72 A. S. 74.

Redemption — Allowance for improvements upon. — See 9 L. 676.

Same — Equity of. — See "Equity of redemption," this note.

Same — Impairment of obligation of contract by change of law
as to. — See 31 L. 721.

Same— From Hen. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. U 2903-2905 and notes.

Same — Proceedings on. — See 9 L. 676.

Same — Right of junior incumbrancer to redeem. — See 9 L. 677.

Same — Right to redeem. — See 37 L. 752.

Same — Statute of limitations, applicability to suit to redeem.
— See 10 L. 511.

Same — Time allowed for. — See 9 L. 677.

Remedies of mortgagee to reach surplus proceeds after
judicial or other sale. — See 88 A. S. 359.

Remedy of one improperly omitted as party to foroclo.sure
proceedings. — See 4 A. C. 848.

Removal of mortgaged proix-rty into another state. — See 70
A. D. 67.

Rents an income, after foreclosure decree and before pur-
chaser's title is perfected, right to. — See 1 L. N. S. 1079.

Rents, mortgagee, when entitled to. — See 27 A. S. 793.

Revival of — Or subrogation to, discharged mortgage in favor
of assignee in equity of redemption, who pays it, as against
junior lien.— See 16 L. N. S. 470; also 12 A. D. 222.

Same — When satisfied by mistake. — See 5 A. S. 703.

Revivor of.— Sec 12 A. D. 222; 16 L. N. S. 470.

Right of assignee as against subsequent bona fide purchasers

1463



§ 2920 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

or incorporators relying upon apparent discharge of the mort-
gage by mortgagee. — See 15 L. N. S. 1025.

Right of foreclosure barred when. — See 7 A. C. 189; 8 A. C.
1160; 8 A. C. 1173.

Same — Absence of mortgagor from state suspends running of
statute. — See 8 A. C. 1179.

Same — Injunction against sale of property under mortgage on
ground that debt secured is barred by statute. — See 7 A. C.
1189.

Righi of married woman to redeem mortgaged premises dur-
ing life of husband. — See 6 A. D. 475.

Right of one cotenant who pays mortgage to be subrogated



Online LibraryCaliforniaThe codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) → online text (page 120 of 156)