California.

The codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) online

. (page 121 of 156)
Online LibraryCaliforniaThe codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) → online text (page 121 of 156)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


to the rights of mortgagee as against other cotenants or his
privies. — See 8 L. N. S.. 559.

Right of subsequent creditors, to question corporate mortgage
in favor of, or for the benefit of, director, in absence of fraud. —
See 12 L. N. S. 825.

Right of tenant for years to redeem premises from mortgage.
— See 4 A. C. 807.

Right to cut timber on mortgaged land. — See 3 L. 607.

Right to mortgage privilege to use streets for quasi-public
purposes. — See 47 L. 87.

Rights and liabilities of mortgagee. — See 3 A. C. 1128.

Same— Application of rents and profits in hands of, in posses-
sion.— See 3 A. C. 1132.

Rights and liabilities of parties, as to, generally, see 1 L. N. S.
1036; 8 L. N. S. 404; 10 L. N. S. 679; 10 L. N. S. 1166; 11 L. N. S.
143; 14 L. N. S. 459; 16 L. N. S. 121; 18 L. N. S. 197.

Sale by mortgagor — Assumption of payment, effect of to create
personal liability. — See 6 L. 611.

Same — Contingency of liability as affecting presentation of
claim against decedent's estate. — See 58 L. 89.

Same — Debt of personal obligation of grantee. — See 8 L. 316.

Same — ^Grantee estopped to deny validity of mortgage. — See 8
L. 316.

Same — Land liable to mortgage debt, inverse order of aliena-
tion.— See 5 L. 282, 286.

Same — Liability of purchaser for mortgage debt. — See 5 L. 276,
281; 6 L. 612; 7 L. 33; 8 L. 315.

Same — Mortgagee as purchaser. — See 7 L. 279.

Same — Obligations of and remedies against grantee assuming
payment of mortgage. — See 5 L. 279; 8 L. 315.

Same — Release of grantee by mortgagor. — See 6 L. 612.

Same — Right of mortgagee to maintain personal action against
grantee assuming payment. — See 6 L. 611; 25 L. 275.

Same — Subrogation of mortgagor on payment of debt after
conveyance. — See 2 L. 289.

Sale of personal property — Lien for price. — See Kerr's Cyc. C.
C. § 3049 and note.

1464 ^



TitXIV.ch.II.art.I.] MORTGAGES. § 2920

Sale on foreclosure — Of property and good-will, right of mort-
gagor after, to engage in competing business. — See 19 L. N. S.
765.

Same — Validity and effect of. — See 37 L. 751.

Sale under foreclosure of — Does water-right used in connec-
tion with premises prior to its acquirement pass on foreclosure.
—See 15 L. N. S. 359.

Same — En masse by sheriff of directed to sale in parcels,
separately mortgaged, effect of. — See 15 L. N. S. 549.

Same — Right of redemption as affected by deed delivered in
escrow as further security for debt. — See 2 L. N. S. 628.

Same — Right of wife during husband's lifetime to redeem
from mortgage on his real property. — See 3 L. N. S. 1068.

Same — Right to proceeds of insurance where loss occurs
after foreclosure sale but during period of redemption. — See
6 L. N. S. 448.

Same — Right to rents or income after foreclosure decree and
before title perfected. — See 1 L. N. S. 1079.

Same — Widow's right to redeem, because of her dower inter-
est.— See 4 L. N. S. 1039.

Sale under mortgage containing power of sale "at court-
house," proper place of sale under, where courthouse is removed
or destroyed or there is more than one. — See 11 A. C. 166.

Set-off in foreclosure. — See 21 L. 321.

Special lien of mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2923 and
note.

Specific performance of contract to give. — See 6 L. N. S. 585.

Statute of limitations, absence from the state of the mort-
gagor, effect of upon. — See 60 A. S. 205.

Strict foreclosure, as to generally, see 8 L. 50; 20 L. 370; 70
L. 135-145.

Subrogation to benefits of superior lien. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2904 and note par. 2.

Subsequent creditors, riglit of to question corporate mortgage
in favor of, or for the benefit of, directors, in absence of fraud.
—See 12 L. N. S. 821.

Sufficiency of description in. — See 12 L. 177.

Surplus or foreclosure sale, after mortgagor's death, is it
to bo deemed real or personal property. — See 19 L. N. S. 723.

Tacking taxes to debt. — See 5 L. 293.

Taxation of, as to generally, see 2 I... 350; 2 L. 801; 16 L. 59,
60: 16 L. 730; 60 L. 102.

Taxes paid by mortgagee, right to maintain independent
action against mortgagor for reimbursement before or after
foreclosure of mortgage. — See 10 L. N. S. 679.

Tenant for years, riglit to redeem premises from mortgage. —
See 4 A. C. 807.

1465



§ 2920 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

Tenant in common, rig'ht of, who pays mortgage debt to
enforce mortgage against cotenant. — See' 10 A. C. 822.

Tender extinguishes when. — See 7 A. C. 116; 8 A. C. 361; 10
A. C. 278.

Same — After maturity and before foreclosure, effect on mort-
gage lien. — See 8 A. C. 363.

Same — By whom must be made in order to extinguish lien. —
See 7 A. C. 1065.

Tendor or payment after breach of condition. — See 29 A.
R. 41.

Terms of redemption, as to, generally, see 6 A. C. 471.

Title not conveyed by mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2924
and note pars. 45-50.

To secure future accounts. — See 10 A. D. 108.

To secure future advances. — See 20 A. D. 658; 116 A. D. 690.

To secure several notes, which entitled to precedence of pay-
ment. — See 38 A. D. 440.

Transactions, mortgages or sales, which. — See 3 A. C. 407.

Transfer in trust. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2924 and note
par. 53.

Trustee, power of to mortgage trust estate for purpose of
making improveinents so as to render it productive. — See 7
L. N. S. 263.

Validity of— As to generally, see 6 L. 565; 11 L. 846; 14 L.
359; 24 L. 328; 28 L. 95; 28 L. 134; 29 L. 692; 33 L. 761; 37 L.
337; 37 L. 465; 39 L. 423; 47 L. 87; 67 L. 122.

Same — Agreement to mortgage crops to be planted. — See
5 A. C. 400.

Same — Upon public land executed by claimant under the
homestead act prior to patent or final proof. — See 6 L. N. S. 934.

Same — Within four months before bankruptcy, pursuant to
executor's agreement antedating that period. — See 17 L. N. S.
939.

Vendee of mortgagee assuming mortgage debt, rights and
liabilities of.— See 4 L. N. S. 666; 7 L. N. S. 1120; 10 L. N. S. 857.

Water-right used in connection with land mortgaged prior
to its acquirement under sale on foreclosure, does it pass with
the land. — See 15 L. N. S. 359.

What constitutes and validity of. — See 2 L. N. S. 628; 6 L. N.
S. 934; 7 L. N. S. 263; 12 L. N. S. 825; 13 L. N. S. 298; 13 L. N. S.
725; 17 L. N. S. 939; 5 W. & P. 4596.

Widow, right to redeem from mortgage because of her inter-
est in estate. — See 4 L. N. S. 1029.

Wife, right of to redeem from mortgage on husband's real
property, during his lifetime. — See 3 L. N. S. 1068.

Writing and other formalities required. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2922 and note.

1466



Tit.XIV,ch.II,art.I.] TO be IN writing. §§2921,2922

§ 2921. PROPERTY ADVERSELY HELD MAY RE MORT-
GAGED. A mortgage may be created upon propertj^ held
adversely to the mortgager.

History: Enacted March -21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to mortg-ages, see note
§ 2920, ante.

Owner ousted of possession may transfer. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 1047 and notes.

Real property which may be mortgaged. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2947 and notes.

§ 2922. TO BE IN WRITING. A mortgage can be created,
renewed, or extended, only by writing", executed with the
formalities required in the case of a grant of real property.

Hi,Titory: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 31 pars, annotation.

53 C. 677, 680, 65 C. 512, 516, 4 P. 531 (applied); 5 P. 101
(cited — agreement for lien on real estate must be in writing:);
56 C.'342, 344 (applied); 57 C. 467, 471 (construed); 58 C. 147.
152 (referred to erroneously); 68 C. 52, 53, 8 P. 627 (applied):
74 C. 345, 350, 16 P. 189, 191 (referred to); 75 C. 464. 488, 17 P.
246 (applied); 84 C. 201; 205, 23 P. 1081, 1082 (referred to as
inapplicable); 85 C. 280, 288, 24 P. 743, 745 (referred to as
inapplicable); 112 C. 355, 366, 44 P. 729 (cited); 117 C. 412, 415.
49 P. 414 (cited); 120 C. 220, 223, 224, 65 A. S. 179, 52 P. 583
(construed); 52 P. 836, 837 (what letter does not renew or
extend mortgage lien); 122 C. 413, 418, 419, 420, 55 P. 145
(cited); 126 C. 467, 469, 77 A. S. 192, 58 P. 907 (cited); 128 C.
549, 551, 61 P. 666 (cited); 129 C. 415, 417, 79 A. S. 123, 61 P.
1107 (construed); 134 C. 599, 600, 66 P. 869 (cited); 137 C. 384.
389, 70 P. 223 (applied); 140 C. 687, 689, 74 P. 291 (applied);
144 C. 776, 783, 78 P. 254 (cited); 147 C. 384, 388, 81 P. 1077
(referred to); 151 C. 723, 727, 91 P. 616 (what instruments
constitute renewal of note and mortgage).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to mortgages, see note
§ 2920, ante.

As to mortgagee's riglit to possession, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2927 and note.

Equitable mortgages. — See 4 A. S. 696-708.

Form of mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2948 and note.

Frauds, statute of. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1624 and note.

Limitations, statute of — Extinguishment of lien. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2911 and note.

1467



§§ 2923, 2924 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

Oral mortg-ag-es. — See 1 A. S. 236, 237.

"Specific property." — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2920 and note
par. 50.

§2923. LIEN OF jf MORTGAGE, WHEN SPECIAL. The

lien of a mortgage is special, unless otherwise expressly
agreed, and is independent of possession.

Hista.ry: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

11 F. 253, 259 (cited).

As to many miscellaneotis matters as to mortgages, see note
§ 2920, ante.

Accessory to obligation to be performed. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2909 and note.

Chattel interest of mortgagee.- — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §2924
and note par. 46.

Effect of sale under mortgage upon lien. — See 58 A. D. 569-
571.

Extinction of liens. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2909-2913 and
notes.

Growing crop — Lien of mortgage on. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2972 and note.

Liens generally. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2872-2913 and notes.

Mortgager may give mortgagee right of possession. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2927 and note.

Possession — Mortgagee not entitled to. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2927 and note.

Primary purpose of mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2920
and note par. 43.

Prior lien — Right of holder of special lien upon payment of.
— ^See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2876 and note.

Property to which lien attaches. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2926
and note.

Redemption from lien.- — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2903-2905 and
notes.

Special lien — What is. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2875 and note.

Special security is obtained by possession. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2927 and note par. 18.

Waste impairing lien. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2929 and note.

§ 2924. TRANSFER, WHEN MORTGAGE, WHEN PLEDGE.

Every transfer of an interest in property, other than in trust,
made only as a security for the performance of another act,
is to be deemed a mortgage, except when in the case of

1468



Tit.XIV,ch.II,art.r.] TRANSFER. CHARACTER. § 2924

personal property it is accompanied by actual chan.^e of pos-
session, in which case it is to be deemed a pledge.

Hlmtory: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended Marcli 30, 1874,
Code Amdts. 1873-4. p. 260.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for .53 pars, annotation.

58 C. 11, 15 (cited): 59 C. 107, 112 (applied (; 1 C. 513, 514.
2 P. 399, 400 (cited): 5 P. 101 (cited — agreement for lien on
real estate must be in writing): 71 C. 407, 411. 12 P. 410, 412
(cited); 74 C. 250, 254, 5 A. S. 435, 14 P. 369. 371, 15 P. 773
(cited): 80 C. 348, 352. 22 P. 200 (cited); 91 C. 458, 461, 27 P.
763, 764 (cited); 100 C. 250, 254. 34 P. 696 (cited): 105 C. 467. 469.
470, 38 P. 1107, 1109 (construed with §2955); 106 C. 673. 680.
39 P. 1071 (cited); 107 C. 144, 148, 40 P. 37 (cited); 121 C. 379.
384, 53 P. 813 (cited); 121 C. 539. 542, 54 P. 83 (cited); 123 C. 689.
694. 56 P. 604 (cited); 126 C. 600, 604, 59 P. 130 (applied); 127
C. 254, 256, 59 P. 597 (cited): 128 C. 293, 300, 60 P. 769 (cited) ;'
129 C. 160. 163. 61 P. 785 (cited); 135 C. 277, 279. 67 P. 129
(applied): 144 C. 776. 7S3. 78 P. 254 (cited); 147 C. 384. 389. 81
P. 1077 (exception refers only to what trusts); 148 C. 650, 653.
655, 84 P. 186 (what is more than a mortgage); 150 C. 185, 190,
88 P. 825 (reliance upon possession as pledge negatives con-
ception of chattel mortgage).

As to many miscellaneous ni;itter.«! as to mortgages, st-e note
« 2920, ante.

Agreement to rcconvey. — See 17 A. D. 300.

.\ssignment of contract of purchase as erjultable mortgage. —
See 4 A. S. 703. 704.

Rurden of proof. — See 50 A. D. 196. 197.

Deed absolute construed .-is mortgage, when. — See 65 A. S.
186.

Deed absolute, when not <'onstrued as mortgage. — See 1 1*.
240, 241.

Defeasance may be proved. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. S 2925 and
note.

D.'fectlve execution of mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. | 2922
and note par. 7.

Delivery of defeasance necessary. — See Kerr's Cyc. C C.
S 2925 and note par. 7.

Distinction between deed of trust and moriirnire. — .<>.■.• Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. i 2932 and note pars. 5. 6.

Equitable mortgages. — See 4 A. S. 696-70S.

Kstoppel to Insist upon defeasance. — See Kerr's *^y.-. •'. C
$ 2925 and note par. 9.

Fi)rm of instrument immaterl.il. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. { 2948
and note par. 7.

Form of mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. 5 294S and note.

1469



§ 2925 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

Intent of parties to be considered. — See 42 A. S. 273.

Law and equity have same rule. — See 17 A. D. 302, 303.

Lease assigned as security. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2947 and
note par. 10.

Lien or contract for lien transfers no title. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2888 and note.

Merger of mortgage in judgment of foreclosure. — See 32 A.
R. 133, 134.

Morte-agee cannot recover in ejectment. ^See 34 A. D. 213.

"Mortgage" does not include pledge.— See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2920 and note par. 37.

Mortgagee may purchase from mortgager. — See 44 A. S. 699,
700.

Name of instrument immaterial. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2920
note par. 38; § 2948 note par. 7.

Parol evidence to show that deed absolute is mortgage. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2924, note pars. 23, 36.

Specific performance of contract to reconvey. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2925 and note par. 15.

§2925. TRANSFER MADE SUBJECT TO DEFEASANCE
MAY BE PROVED. The fact that a transfer was made sub-
ject to defeasance on a condition, may, for the purpose of
showing such transfer to be a mortgage, be proved (except
as against a subsequent purchaser or encumbrancer for value
and without notice), though the fact does not appear by the
terms of the instrument.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 16 pars, annotation.

58 C. 11, 16 (cited); 64 C. 513, 514, 2 P. 399, 400 (cited); 71 C.
407, 411, 12 P. 410, 412 (cited); 88 C. 319, 325, 26 P. 180, 181
(cited); 91 C. 468, 461, 27 P. 763, 764 (cited); 119 C. 18, 21, 50 P.
925 (referred to); 123 C. 689, 694, 56 P. 604 (cited); 127 C. 254,
256, 59 P. 597 (cited); 144 C. 130, 132, 77 P. 831 (cited).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to mortgages, see note
§ 2920, ante.

Cognate section. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2924 and note.

Deed absolute and contemporaneous defeasance constitute
mortgage. — See 42 A. S. 272.

Deed absolute intended as mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2924 and note par. 5.

Evidence to show that deed absolute is mortgage. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2924 and note pars. 23-36.

Question of fact as to what constitutes mortgage. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2924 and note pars. 40, 41.

1470



Tit.XIV.ch.II.art.L] LIEN ON WHAT. § 2926

Recordation of defeasance necessary, wlien. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2950 and note.

Requisites of defeasance. — See 17 A. D. 303, 306.

Several contracts taken together, when. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 1642 and note.

Title not conveyed by deed absolute intended as mortgage. —
See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2924 and note pars. 45-50.



§2926. M()I{T(iJA(;E, OX WHAT A LIEN. A mortgage is a
lien upon everything that would pass by a grant of the
property.

HLstory: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 21 pars, annotation.

80 C. 245, 252, 13 A. S. 147. 22 P. 184, 186 (applied): 80 C. 348,
352, 22 P. 200, 201 (cited); 126 C. 600, 605, 59 P. 130 (cited).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to mortgages, see note
§ 2920, ante.

Accessory to obligation to be performed. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2909 and note.

Appurtenances. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 662 and note.

Effect of sale under mortgage upon lien. — See 58 A. D. 569-
571.

Extinction of liens. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§2909-2913 and
notes.

Growing crop — Lien of mortgage on. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2972 and note.

Liens generally. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2872-2913 and notes.

Limitations, statute of — Extinguishment of lien. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2911 and note.

Marshaling assets — Order of resort to different funds. — Sec
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2899 and note, § 3433 and note.

Mortgages upon buildings on leased premises. — See 21 L. 347.
349.

Possession by mortgagee authorized if he deems liimself
unsafe, etc. — See 51 A. R. 805, 809.

Possession — Mortgagee not entitled to. — Soo Kerr's Cyc C. C.
§ 2927 and note.

Primary purpose of mortgage. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. S 2920
and note par. 43.

Prior lien — Riglit of liolder of^sperial liiii upon payment of. —
See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2876 and note.

Redemption from lien. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2903-2905 and
notes.

Waste impairing lien. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2929 and note.

1471



§§ 2927, 2928 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

§2927. MORTGAGE DOES NOT ENTITLE MORTGAGEE

TO POSSESSION. A mortgage does not entitle the mortgagee
to the possession of the property, unless authorized by the
express terms of the mortgage; but after the execution of the
mortgage the mortgager may agree to such change of pos-
session without a new consideration.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 22 pars, annotation.

72 C. 307, 309, 13 P. 866 (cited); 80 C. 323, 326, 21 P. 4, 5, 22
P. 186, 549 (cited); 80 C. 348, 353 (applied but erroneously cited
as § 292), 22 P. 200, 201 (correct citation); 88 C. 437, 440, 22 A. S.
314, 26 P. 203, 204, 13 L. 137 (cited); 96 C. 21, 32, 30 P. 957
(applied); 106 C. 673, 680, 39 P. 1071, 1072 (applied); 109 C. 360,
362, 365, 42 P. 35 (cited); 112 C. 180, 187, 53 A. S. 201, 40 P. 104;
44 P. 484 (cited); 117 C. 412, 416, 49 P. 414 (cited); 121 C. 543,
544, 54 P. 85 (cited); 127 C. 648, 652, 60 P. 434 (cited); 128 C.
489, 491, 61 P. 84 (cited); 11 F. 253, 260 (cited); 6 C. A. 455, 458,
92 P. 393 (construed with § 2920 — ^effect of mortg-age as to title
or possession).

As to construing deed absolute to be mortgage, see Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2924 and note par. 5.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to mortgages, see note
§ 2920, ante.

As to mortgagee having no title, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2924
and note par. 45.

Common-law vadium vivum. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2920 and
note par. 8.

Compensation of lienor for trouble and expense. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2892 and note.

Duties and liabilities of mortgagee in possession. — See 31 A.
S. 180, 181.

Ejectment is not maintainable by inortgagee. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2924 and note pars. 51, 52.

Growing crops. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2926 and note par. 10.

Hypothecation and mortgage of land distinguished. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2920 and note par. 32.

Possession of mortgagee authorized if he deems himself un-
safe, etc. — See 51 A. S. 805, 809.

Rights and liabilities of mortgagee in possession. — See 64
A. S. 289.

Special lien of mortgage. — See ante § 2923.

§2928. MORTGAGE NOT A PERSONAL OBLIGATION.

A mortgage does not bind the mortgager personally to per-

1472



1



Tit.XlV,ch.II,art.I.] SUBSEQUENT TITLE. §§2929,2930

form the act for the performance of which it is a security,
unless there is an express covenant therein to that effect.

Hlwtory: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 19 pars, annotation.

57 C. 641, 642 (construed); 66 C. 97, 98, 4 P. 1062 (cited); 101
C. 415, 419, 35 P. 1027 (applied); 127 C. 202, 204, 59 P. 585 (cited);
137 C. 253, 255, 70 P. 89 (applied).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to mortgages, see note
§ 2920, ante.

Amount for which mortgage given. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2920 and note par. 4.

Cognate section with reference to liens generally. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2890 and note.

Creditor entitled to benefit of securities held by surety. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2854 and note.

Enforcement of contract for benefit of third person. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1559 and note.

Independent action at law to recover debt not maintainable.
— See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P. § 726 and note.

Lien accessory to obligation to be performed. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2909 and note.



§ 29*29. WASTE. No person whose interest is subject to
the lien of a mortgage may do any act which will substan-
tially impair the mortgagee's security.

HiNtory: Enacted March 21, 1S72.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 6 pars, annotation.

80 C. 245, 246, 13 A. S. 147, 22 P. 184 (cited).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to mortgages, see note
§ 2920, ante.

Damages for injuries done after foreclosure sale and before
delivery of deed. — See Kerr'n Pocket C. C. P. $ 746.

Injunction pendente lite. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P. 5 74') and
note.

Rights or remedies of mortgagee against Inipnirment of
security.— See 43 A. S. 432-436.

§29.10. SIBSEQIEMLY A(yilKEI) TITLE IMKKS TO
MORTGAGEE. Title acquired by the mortgager subsequent
to the execution of the mortgage, inures to the mortgagee as

K.-rr's C. C— 47 1473



§ 2931 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

security for the debt, in like manner as if acquired before
the execution.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended March 30, 1S74,
Code Amdts. 1873-4, p. 260.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 15 pars, annotation.

52 C. 334, 335, 336 (applied); 67 C. 275, 279, 7 P. 693 (applied);
98 C. 514, 518, 33 P. 486, 487, 488 (cited); 138 C. 682, 683, 72 P. 343
(title to homestead, acquired by wife, after void mortgage by
her, and subsequent to mortgage, does not inure to mortgagee
as security for debt); 144 C. 144, 146, 77 P. 885 (applied).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to mortgages, see note
§ 2920, ante.

After-acquired property. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2926 and
note par. 2.

After-acquired title. — See 76 A. D. 458; 79 A. D. 192; 89 A. D.
206, 207.

Cognate section with reference to transfers generally. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1106 and note.

Encumbrances by pre-emptors and other claimants of public
land. — See 52 A. S. 248, 254.

Mortgage of after-acquired property. — See 46 A. D. 712.

Parol evidence to indemnify after-acquired property mort-
gaged. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2947 and note.



§ 2931. FOEECLOSURE. A mortgagee may foreclose the
right of redemption of the mortgager in the manner pre-
scribed by the code of civil procedure.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 4 pars, annotation.

144 C. 329, 333, 77 P. 937 (cited).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to mortgages, see note
§ 2920, ante.

Actions for foreclosure of mortgages. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
P. §§ 726-729 and notes.

Appeal bond when judgment is for sale of mortgaged prem-
ises. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P. § 945 and note.

Decedent's estate — Actions against. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P.
§ 1500 and note.

Effect of sale under mortgage upon lien. — See 58 A. D. 569-571.

Injunction pendente lite. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P. § 745 and
note.

Marshaling assets — Order of resort to different funds. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2889 and note and post § 3433 and note.

1474



Tit.XIV.ch.II.art.L] POWER OF sale. §§2932,2933

Merger of mortgage in judgment of foreclosure. — See 38 A. R.
133, 134.

Necessity for foreclosure and sale to entitle mortgagee to
recover possession. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P. § 744 and note.

Receiver — Appointment in action to foreclose mortgage. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P. § 564 subd. 2 and note.

Reciprocal rights to foreclose and redeem. — See 94 A. D. 742.

Redemption from lien. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2903-2905 and



Online LibraryCaliforniaThe codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) → online text (page 121 of 156)