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A >OTE. A bill of exchange, if accepted, with the consent
of the owner, by a person other than the drawee, or an
acceptor for honor, becomes in effect the promissory note
of such person, and all prior parties thereto are exonerated.

liiNlory: Eiuict.d March 21. 1872.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to negfotlable Instru-
ments, see note § 3086, ante.

Acceptance or payment for honor. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
8§ 3203-3207 and notes.

§3247. (EKT.VIN SE(TI()\S ATrLKAULK TO NOTES.

Chapter one of this title, and sections thirty-one hundred
and eighty-one and thirty-two hundred and fourteen of this
code, apply to promissory notes.

IllNt«>ryi Knacted March 21. 1S72.

74 C. 362, 364. 16 P. 19, 20 (referred to).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to negrotlable Instru-
ments, see note § 3086. ante.

§:i24S. EFFECT OF DELAY IN TKESENT.MENT. If a

promissory note, payable on demand, or at sight, without
interest, is not duly presented for payment within six months
from its date, the indorsers thereof are exonerated, unless
such i)resentment is excused.

lIlMtoryt lOnhcled March 21. 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 4 pars, annotation.

74 C. 362, 364, 16 1'. 10, 20 u-.-ferred to).

As to many mlscellaneoUH matters as to nefrotinl>l<- Instru-
ments, see note I 3(186. ante.

Apparent maturity of note. — See Korr*« Cyo. C. C. | X1S6 and
note.

Excuse of presenlinent and notice. — 8e« X«IT'« <"
SI 3155-3160 and notes.



1591



§ 3254 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

CHAPTER IV.

CHECKS.

§ 3254. Check, what.

§ 3255. Rules applicable to checks.

§3254. CHECK, WHAT. A check is a bill of exchange
drawn upon a bank or banker, or a person described as such
upon the face thereof, and payable on demand, without inter-
est.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 15 pars, annotation.

134 C. 237, 241, 66 P. 326 (cited); 138 C. 183, 185, 94 A. S. 28,
71 P. 93 (cited); 4 C. A. 201, 205, 87 P. 467 (nature and nego-
tiability of check).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to negotiable instru-
ments, see note § 3086, ante.

CHECKS.

Acceptance of — Binds money after payment when. — See 25 L.
200.

Same — Sufficiency of to bind drawee. — See 11 A. C. 284.

Agent, power to indorse. — See 27 L. 401.

As an appropriation or assignment of money. — See 64 A. D.
632; 27 A. R. 55; 42 A. S. 921; 81 A. S. 72; 88 A. S. 979; 94 A. S.
28; 21 L. ed. 424; 41 L. ed. 855; 1 W. & P. 692.

As an assignment pro tanto.^ — See 5 A. C. 183, 189; 5 A. C.
937.

As cash.— See 34 A. D. 228; 1 "W. & P. 995.

As false token. — See 72 A. S. 758; 44 L. 266; 3 W. & P. 267.

As money.— See 20 L. 223; 45 W. & P. 4560.

As thing of value. — See 2 W. & P. 1112.

Authority of agent to collect, to receive in payment. — See 9
A. C. 1193, 1198; 10 A. C. 420.

Banking customs as to. — See 2 L. 443.

Bank note distinguished. — See 1 W. & P. 692.

Bill of exchange distinguished. — See 2 A. D. 126; 64 A. D. 290;
10 A. R. 681; 45 A. R. 129; 69 A. S. 495; 81 A. S. 72; 23 L. 173;
31 L. ed. 97; 35 L. ed. 481; 2 W. & P. 1110.

Cashier's check distinguished. — See 95 A. S. 693; 57 L. 341; 2
W. & P. 1112.

Certification of — As release of drawer or indorser. — See 9 L.
N. S. 698.

1592



TitXV.ch.IV.] CHECKS. GENERai.lv. J 3254

Same — Effect of. — See 12 L. 492.

Same — Same — Liability of drawee or IndorBer. — See 11 A. C
245.

Same — Same — On liability of lndnr.«er. — See IG L. 510.

Same — Parol. — See 7 L. 428.

Corporation, power of president as to drawlnRT or payln»c. —
See 14 L. 357.

Creditor's neglect in presontlnff check to third person t->r
payment as a discharge of the debtor. — See 5 A. C. 871.

Defenses against, transferred after maturity. — See 46 I* 808.

Deposit presumed. — See 2 W. & P. 1112.

Drafts on bank as. — See 23 L. 173.

Drawee's right to recover money paid on forged check. — S«'o
10 L. N. S. 49.

Duty of bank to know signature upon. — S'>«» 27 L. fi35.

Effect of. as to generally, see 7 L. 596: 9 L. 109; 11 L. 52S;
19 L. 475; 20 L. 791.

ICfTtct of acceptance of check as payment. — See 9 L. 26S.

Effect of giving, for an indebtedness or part thereof to toll
statute of limitations upon the original indobtednesa. — See 18
L. N. S. 223.

Forged — Holder, wlun antl how may recover of drawer or
indorser. — Soc 17 A. S. 807.

Same — Liability of person whose name is forg«'d t" - s. ■• ^a,
L. 539.

Same — Raised checks, as to generally, see 5 A. C. 77 i

Same — Same — Liability of bank to dcposltur for paying.— 8«e
5 A. C. 774.

Same — Right to recover money paid on. — Sec 10 !>. N. S. 49.

Same — Rights and remedies of the several parties after pay-
ment of. — See 17 A. S. 889.

Same — Signature forged. — S»-e 7 A. C. 74 >.

Same — Same — Unre.strlcted Indornement of clieck nn wnrrnnly
that Instrument Is genuine. — See 7 A. C. 746.

Gift of.— See 18 L. S.".:,.

Holder, when and how niav recover of drawir or lni|i»r»er.-
See 17 A. S. 807.

Impostor, who to bt-ar loss where check l«»»ued or Indoracd
to.— See 17 I>. N. S. r.II.

Indorsement of "for deposit." — See 23 I>. 164.

I.H.«ued or Indornetl to Impostor, who to bear 1os». — f*<-e S" T*
75: 17 L. N. S. 514.

Liability of — Bank for refusing. wh«u It hnn fiii-
dorser. — See 15 L. 13 4.

Same — Creditor who accepts as payment from debtor checJi
of third person wlilrh has been wrongfully procured by debtor.
—See 13 K N. S. 278.

Same — Drawee for accepting, from agent or fldtirlary In pay-
ment of his debt. — See 62 L. 790.

1593



§ 3254 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

Same — One to whom insolvent bank has paid a.— See 13 L. N. S.
185.

Same — Person wliose name is forged to check. — See 36 L. 539.

Limitation of actions on. — See 22 L. 110.

Loss of, effect of upon right of holder to recover against
maker without presentment. — See 14 L. N. S. 616.

Lost, liability of maker who makes wrongful payment. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 3177 and note pars. 4, 5.

Mere drawing of check on bank in which drawer has no
funds or credit and presenting same as false pretenses. — See 17
L. N. S. 244.

Nature of. — See 7 L. 595.

Negotiability of— As to, generally, see 25 L. 568-571.

Ordinary bank check as an assignment of funds to drawer. —
See 5 A. C. 189.

Payable on demand or presentment. — See 61 A. D. 433; 16
A. S. 718; 32 A. S. 472; 16 L. 510; 2 W. & P. 1112.

Payment of debt by. — See 7 L. 442; 9 L. 263.

Payment by mistake — As to effect and rights of parties. — See
1 A. C. 630.

Same — Right of bank to recover money paid by mistake. —
See 1 A. C. 632.

Power of agent to indorse. — See 27 L. 401.

Presentation — Delay in, where drawee solvent, effect of. —
See 53 L. 432.

Same — Forwarding for collection, as to generally, see 5 A. C.
868.

Same — Same — Discharge of debtor by creditor's neglect in. —
See 5 A. C. 871.

Same — Mode of. — See 13 L. 43.

Same — Necessity for actual, to effect its dishonor. — See 13 L.
N. S. 303.

Same — Necessity of. — See 7 L. 490.

Same — Party residing in same place, as to. — See 10 A. C.
1119.

Same — Same — Reasonable time for presentnaent. — See 10 A. C.
1121.

Same — Release of indorser by. — See 22 L. 785.

Same — Time for. — See 13 L. 43.

Remedy of payee of, against one who has taken it on in-
dorsement of unauthorized agent.- — See 13 L. N. S. 211.

Right of bank as against holder of, to set off unmatured
claim against insolvent depositor. — See 15 L. 711.

Right to stop payment of. — See 30 L. 845.

Transfer of on time allowed for presentment, effect of. — See
10 L. N. S. 1153.

Transfer without indorsement of worthless check to third
person, effect of. — See 10 L. N. S. 510, 536; 15 L. N. S. 510.

1594



Tit.XV.ch.IV.] RULES AS TO CHECKS. § 325r>

Transferred after maturity, defense against. — Sco 4t", i.,. SUS.

What are. — See 7 L. 489.

Who to bear loss when check is Issued or indorsed by im-
postor.— See 17 L. N. S. 514.

Wrongful dishonor of, as to liability. — See 7 A. C. 818: 10 A.
C. 897.

Same — Admissibility in action for, of evidence of depositor's
financial credit and standing. — See 10 A. C. 988.

Same — Damages recoverable by depositor for. — Sot- 7 A. C.
819.

§3255. KULES AITLK VHLE TO (HECKS. A check i8

subject to all the provisions of tliis codf coiiciMniim bills of
exchange, except that:

1. The drawer and indorsers are f.xdin-i iU'il i..\ lielay in
presentment, only to the extent of the injury which they
suffer thereby;

2. An indorsee, after its apparent maturity, but withotit
actual notice of its dishonor, acquires a title equal to that
of an indorsee before such period.

]IiNtor> ! Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 9 pars, annotation.

134 C. 237, 242, 66 P. 326 (cited); 5 C. A. 39, 43. 89 P. 872
(construed in connection with § 3213 — checlts trnnsmiltod to
another place for prt'scntment).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to negotiable Inntrii-
ments, see note § 3086, ante.

Definition of check. — For definition of chock and grcnerul
rules governing same, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. { 32,'»4 and nolo:
10 A. S. 669; 56 A. S. 228; 3 U 273; 35 L. ed. 481; 2 W. & P. 1109.

Excuse of presentment and notice. — See ICerr'«» Cyr. C. C
U 3218-3220 and notes.

Grace not allowed on chocks. — See Kerr'.s t'y. . ■ ^1 luul

note.

Indorsee in due course — Who Is. — See Kerr's > 3

and note. •



1595



§§ 3261-3268 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

CHAPTER V.

BONDS, BANK NOTES, AND CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT.

§ 3261. Bank note negotiable after payment.
§ 3262. Title acquired by indorsee [repealed].

§3261. BANK NOTE NEGOTIABLE AFTER PAYMENT.

A bank note remains negotiable, even after it has been paid
by the maker.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to negotiable instru-
ments, see note § 3086, ante.

For Commissioners' comment on this section, see Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 3261, note.

§3262. TITLE ACQUIRED BY INDORSEE (repealed).

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; repealed March 30, 1874,
Code Amdts. 1873-4, p. 265.

TITLE XVI.

GENERAL, PROVISIONS.

§ 3268. Parties may waive provisions of code.

§3268. PARTIES MAY WAIYE PROYISIONS OF CODE.

Except where it is otherwise declared, the provisions of the
foregoing fifteen titles of this part, in respect to the rights
and obligations of parties to contracts, are subordinate to
the intention of the parties, when ascertained in the manner
prescribed by the chapter on the interpretation of contracts;
and the benefit thereof may be waived by any party entitled
thereto, unless such waiver would be against public policy.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

101 C. 627, 641, 40 A. S. 96, 36 P. 113 (cited).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to negotiable instru-
ments, see note § 3086, ante.

Interpretation of contracts. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 1635-1661
and notes.

1596



DIVISION FOUETH.

Part I. Relief, §§ 3274-3423.

II. Special Relations of Debtor and Creditor,
§§ 3429-3473.

III. Nuisance, §§ 3479-3503.

IV. Maxims of Jurisprudence, §§ 3509-3543.



1597



■::s



h Pt.I.Tit.L]



RELIEF, GENERALLY.



§§3274,3275



PART I.

RELIEF.

Title I. Relief in General, §§ 3274, 3275.
II. Compensatory Relief, §§ 3281-3360.
III. Specific and Preventive Relief, §§ 3366-3423.



TITLE I.

RELIEF IN GENERAL.

§ 3274. Species of relief.

§ 3275. Relief in case of forfeiture.

'"'§3274. SPECIES OF RELIEF. As a general rule, com-
pensation is the relief or remedy provided by the law of
this state for the violation of private rights, and the means
of securing their observance; and specific and preventive
relief jnay be given in .no other cases than those specified in
this part of the civil code.

HLstory: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 2 pars, annotation.

117 C. 377, 379, 49 P. 353 (construed with other sections).

§3275. RELIEF IN CASE OF FORFEITURE. Whenever,
by the terms of an obligation, a party thereto incurs a for-
feiture, or a loss in the nature of a forfeiture, by reason of
his failure to comply with its provisions, he may be relieved
therefrom, upon making full compensation to the other party,
except in case of a grossly negligent, wilful, or fraudulent
breach of duty.

Hi.Htory: Enait.'d Marcli 21. 1S72.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 2 par.s. annotation.

84 C. 420, 422 (applied to forfeiture of lease, l.iil .noneously
cited as §327), 24 P. 316, 317 (correct citation); 97 C. 647. 654,
32 P. 702, 704 (construed): 120 C. 416, 420, 52 P. fifit> (rit.d); 4

1599



§3281



CIVIL CODE.



[Div.IV,Pt.I.



C. A. 361, 368, 88 P. 287 (equitable relief in case of forfeiture
for breach of contract); 46 F. 355, 356 (scope and purpose of
section).

Interpretation of condition invoking forfeiture. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 1442 and note.



TITLE II.

COMPENSATORY RELIEF.

Chapter I. Damages in General, §§3281-3294.
II. Measure of Damages, §§3300-3360.

CHAPTER I.

DAMAGES IN GENERAL.

Article I. General Principles, §§ 3281-3283.
II. Interest as Damages, §§ 3287-3290.
III. Exemplary Damages, § 3294.



ARTICLE I. •

GENERAL PRINCIPLES.

§ 3281. Person suffering detriment may recover damages.

§ 3282. Detriment, what.

§ 3283. Injuries resulting or probable after suit brought.

§3281. PERSON SUFFERING DETRIMENT MAT RE-
COVER DAMAGES. Every person who suffers detriment
from the unlawful act or omission of another, may recover
from the person in fault a compensation therefor in money,
which is called damages.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 11 pars, annotation.

110 C. 311, 316, 42 P. 811 (cited); 110 C. 374, 385, 42 P. 896
(referred to); 123 C. 42, 44, 45, 55 P. 706 (referred to); 136 C.
129, 131, 68 P. 476 (applied); 1 C. A. 441, 444, 82 P. 640 (cited—
damages in case of nuisance); 46 F. 355, 356 (scope and purpose
of section).

1600



Tit.IT,ch.I,art.I.] DAMAGES, GENERALLY. § 3281

DAMAGES — IN GENERAL.

As to damages for breach of contract, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§§ 3300 et seq. and notes.

As to damages for torts, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 3333 et seq.
and notes.

As to exemplary damages, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 3294 and
note.

As to libel, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 45 and note.

As to limit of recovery of damages for breach of obligation,
see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 3319, 3358 and notes.

As to new trial for excessive damages, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
P. § 657 and note.

As to proxy causing, where defendant has committed tort. —
See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 3333 and note.

Actual accrual of damages after commencement of action. —
See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 3283 and note.

Against carrier — Amount of for loss of goods. — See 2 L. N. S.
773.

Same — By passenger who submits to ejection to let founda-
tion for action. — See 9 L. N. S. 1060.

Same — Damages incident to intent to reach destination by
other means as an element of recovery for failure to stop train
for intending passenger. — See 8 L.. N. S. 880.

Same — Expenses incidental to loss of, or delay in delivering,
baggage. — See 7 L. N. S. 188.

Same — Measure of liability of as to, see note § 3300, post.

Same — Shipper's misrepresentation of value of goods as af-
fecting extent of liability of. — See 2 L. N. S. 773.

Same — Time of notice to warrant special for failure of car-
rier to deliver propcrtj'. — See 3 L. N. S. 1111.

Against telegraph company — As to, see "Telegram," this note.

Same — For continued physical suffering of sender of message
because of negligence in transmission and delivery. — See 11 L.
N. S. 1149.

Same — For loss of opportunity to respond to a call for pro-
fessional services. — See 14 L. N. S. 533.

Same — For loss sustained iipon commercial transaction In
consequence of breach of duty. — See 4 L. N. S. 262.

Same — For refusal to pay money to sendee of telegraphic
message. — See 2 L. N. S. 1072.

Agreement purporting to liquidate. — See 108 A. C. 4<>.

Arbitration, damages for revoking submission to. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 1290 and note.

Attorneys' fees as element of. — See 12 A. R. 199, 200; 8 A. S.
158-161.

Same — On dissolution of injunction. — See 39 A. R. 13: S A. S.
161.

By conditional vendor of personalty from tliird person who
Kerr's C. C— 51 1601



§ 3281 CIVIL CODE. [Div.IV,Pt.I.

converts the same after partial payment of the purchase price. —
See 10 L. N. S. 458.

Carrier — Default or delay as to transportation of passenger. —
See 32 L., 345.

Same — Failure to transport goods. — See 9 L. 451.

Compensatory — As actual damages. — See 80 A. S. 1; 49 L. 475;
2 W. & P. 1357.

Same — As affected by intent. — See 49 A. R. 366; 16 A. S. 422;
2 W. & P. 1357.

Same — Exemplary damages distinguished. — See 60 A. S. 874;
2 W. & P. 1357.

Same — In particular torts. — See 39 A. S. 672; 18 L. 385; 2
W. & P. 1358.

Same — Recovery of. — See 27 A. D. 684-689.

Same — "What are. — See 27 A. R. 528; 45 A. R. 112; 64 A. S.
676; 37 L. ed. 463; 2 W. & P. 1357.

Contingent.- — See "Uncertain, contingent and speculative," this
note.

Consequential — As to what are, see 12 A. R. 147; 2 W. & P.
1442.

Same — Extent of trespasser's liability for. — See 53 L. 641.

Same — Liability for. — See 36 A. R. 382.

Same — Statute of limitations, in actions for. — See 38 A. D.
270-272.

Duty of person whose property has been controverted or
destroyed to repurchase like property to mitigate. — See 6 A. S.
364.

Elements of, recoverable by child for death of mother. — See
19 L. N. S. 128.

Eminent domain, what recoverable in proceedings in exercise
of right of — As to, generally, see 31 A. D. 373; 88 A. D. 113; 9
A. S. 144; 19 A. S. 459; 22 A. S. 50; 85 A. S. 291; 3 W. & P. 2365.

Same — Adaptability of property for uses other than that to
which it is applied as an element in assisting damages. — See
15 L. N. S. 679.

Same — Consequential, data necessary to warrant. — See 3 L.
N. S. 333.

Same — Danger of injury to owner of property or members
of his family, or of his live stock, as an element of in railway
right of way. — See 11 L. N. S. 1003.

Same — Injury to or expense of removing personalty as an ele-
ment of damage. — See 4 L. N. S. 890.

Same — Obstruction of surface water as element of. — See 13
L. N. S. 237.

Same — Setting off benefits against damage. — See 9 L. N. S.
781-837.

Same — Special value of property for which taken as an ele-
ment of damages. — See 11 L. N. S. 996.

1602



Tit.II,ch.I,art.I.] DAMAGES, GENERALLY. §3281

Same — Value of property as a part of a natural water power,
right to consideration in fixing- compensation. — See 3 L. N. S.
912.

Evidence admissible to show mental anguisli. — See 19 L. N. S.
409.

Evidence of domestic relations of persons seeking to recover
for personal injuries. — See 85 A. S. 835.

Excessive damages, award of. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 3333
and note.

Excessive or inadequate damages as ground for new trial. —
See 5 A. C. 303.

Exemplary. — See "Punitive," this note.

Same — Actual damages as basis for award. — See 7 A. C. 89G.

Same — As a punishment. — See 1 A. C. 191.

Same — As indeterminate actual damages. — See 3 W. & P.
2579.

Same — Carrier's liability for. — See 1 L. 682: 13 L. 600.

Same — Compensatory damages distinguished. — See 69 A. S.
874; 3 W. P. 2578.

Same — Corporation's liability for. — See 59 A. S. 589.

Same — Expenses of litigation as element, or limit of. — See 4
L. N. S. 907.

Same — For act punisliable criminally. — See 9 A. C. 638; 50
A. D. 771.

Same — For carrying passenger beyond destination. — See 17 L.
N. S. 1226.

Same — For death by wrongful act. — See 6 A. C. 191, 194; 8
A. C. 746.

Same — For negligence, generally, see 11 L. 43; 11 L. 690; 17
L. 72.

Same — For tort, generally, see 9 L. 445; 13 L. 600.

Same — Same — Necessity for actual malice to justify. — See 16
L. N. S. 440.

Same — In action by passenger against carrier. — See 9 A. C.
1114.

Same — In action of replevin. — See 4 A. C. 68, 71.

Same — In action on contract other than contract to mari'y. —
See 3 A. C. 413.

Same — In cases otlier tlian for personal injuries. — See 13 L.
600.

Same — Liability for, of newspaper proprietor for libel pub-
lished without his knowledge or consent. — See 26 L. 779.

Same — Liability of principal or master for act of his servant
or agent. — See 62 A. D. 379.

Same — On action arising out of a breach of contract, attended
with a fraudulent act. — See 3 A. C. 407.

Same — Persons liable for. — See 37 I.,, ed. 97: 3 W. & P. 2579.

Same — Rules respecting the allowance of. — See 50 A. D. 767.

1603



§ 3281 CIVIL CODE. [Div.IV,Pt.I.

Same — Special damages distinguished. — See 3 W. & P. 2579.

Same — Synonymous with punitive or vindictive damages. — See
74 A. S. 406; 16 A. R. 270; 49 A. R. 366; 3 W. & P. 2579.

Same — Synonymous with "smart money."— See 37 L. ed. 97;
3 W. & P. 2579.

Same — Under statutory provisions- — As to, generally, see 9
A. C. 634.

Same — Same — Where act punishable as crime. — See 9 A. C.
638.

Same— What are.— See 88 A. D. 141; 16 A. R. 270; 21 A. R.
757; 28 A. R. 442; 45 A. R. 12; 47 A. R. 279; 49 A. R. 366; 15 A. S.
923; 29 A. S. 827; 54 A. S. 327; 60 A. S. 874; 4 L. 500; 14 L. 798;
19 L. 710; 37 L. ed. 97; 37 L. ed. 463; 41 L>. ed. 632; 3 W. & P.
2587.

Same — When allowable. — See 27 A. D. 684.

Same — When master or employer is liable in, for the act of
his employee or servant. — See 101 A. S. 730.

Same — When may be recovered. — See 28 A. S. 870.

Same— Where land conveyed as security for a loan is wrong-
fully sold by grantee. — See 3 A. C. 407.

Expenses of nursing and medical attendance as an element
of in personal injuries. — See 11 L. 46.

Failure to perform contract not valid under statute of
frauds, right to recover for. — See 6 A. S. 495.

Findings of court. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 3304 and note.

For breach of agreement to assume debts on dissolution of
partnership.- — See 9 L. N. S. 113.

For breach of contract — For sale of article having no mar-
ket price. — See 57 L. 193-206.

Same — Of employment. — See 3 L. 137; 5 L. 759; 35 L. 516; 69 L.
126.

Same — -To loan or advance money. — See 37 L. 233.

For breach of covenant — As to, generally, see 3 L. 791; 13 L.
723; 18 L. 385.

Same — In grant of water power. — See 67 L. 405.

Same — Recoupment of for breach of warranty. — See 1 L. 339.

For breach of implied warranty on contract of sale. — See 18
L. 385.

For breach of promise of marriage. — See 10 L. 585.

Same — Seduction as an element of. — See 10 L. 585.

For causing death — ^As to, generally, see 3 L. 327; 13 L. 860;
15 L. 585; 17 L. 71-79; 18 L. 449; 56 L. 205; 56 L. 312; 67 L. 91.

Same — Difference as to amount of recovery as affecting ac-
tion for based on statutes of another state. — See 56 L. 205.

Same — Who may maintain.— See 17 L. 76.

For conversion — As to, generally, see 1 L. 306; 2 L. 449.

Same — Loss of profits as element of. — See 52 L. 51.

Same — Of property by invalid sale by pledgee. — See 43 L. 768.

1604



Tit.II,ch.I,art.I.] DAMAGES, GENERATE. Y. §3281

For delay in performance of contract by buyer. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 3308 and note.

For dishonor of check. — See 15 L. 134.

For false imprisonment. — See 1 A. C. 924.

For injuries by animajs. — See 5 A. C. 874.

For injuries by railroad caused by frightening- of horses. —
See 3 A. C. 1065, 1070; 10 A. C. 294, 302.

F.or injuries or destruction to trees. — See 2 A. C. G39, 642; 8
A. C. 812; 15 L. 612; 19 L. 653-659.

For injuries to animals. — See 5 A. C. 414.

For injuries to crops. — See 1 A. C. 761; 6 A. C. 946, 949.

For injuries to infants — As to, generally, see 4 A. C. 248; 8
A. C. 1105.

Same — Loss of time or earning capacity as an element of. —
See 8 A. C. 1107.

For injuries to personal property. — See 6 L. 454; 12 L. 595.



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