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The codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) online

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197; 62 A. S. 149; 4 W. & P. 3334.

Partition of.— See 6 A. C. 952, 954; 56 L. 77; 4 I.. N. S. 786.

Partial use of for business, effect of. — See 76 A. D. 516; 91
A. D. 637; 4 W. & P. 3335.

Partnership land, in. — See 28 L. 105.

Placer claim as a.— See 98 C. 472; 33 P. 484, 486: 4 W. & P.
3335.

Probate homesteads — As to generally, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P.
§§1474-1486 and notes; 1 Church's New Probate I^aw and Prac-
tice 619-645.

Proceeds of — On sale of for reinvestment, exemption of. — See
19 L. 36.

Same — Whether and when exempt from execution. — See 45
A. S. 237.

Property in which may be claimed. — See 56 L. 60.

Reformation of deed or encumbrance as against claimants of.
—See 77 A. S. 804.

Removal from state, effect of on. — See 2 L. 107.

Renting portion of. effect of. — See 12 L. 477.

Residence of family. — See 76 A. D. 106: 4 W. & P. 3335.

Revaluation or reassignment of homestead for appreciation
or depreciation of value. — See 44 L. 400; 16 L. N. S. 728.

Riglit of child in parents — Abandonment of. — See 56 L. 80.

Same — As affected by domicile of child. — See 56 L. 62.

Same — Descent or continuance to family. — See 56 L. 40.

Same — During lifetime of owner. — See 56 L. 34.

Same — Effect of alienation or incumbrance by survivor. — See
56 L. 71.

Same — Effect of sale subject to. — See 56 L. 74.

Same — Governed by what law. — See 56 L. 47.

Same — In what property claimed. — See 56 L. 60.

659



§ 1237 CIVIL CODE. [Div.II.Pt.IV.

Same — Partition of. — See 56 L. 77.

Same — Right acquired with relation to other interests. — See
56 L. 62.

Same— Selection or setting apart. — See 56 L. 48.

Same — Termination of. — See 56 L. 86.

Same — Waiver of release of. — See 56 L. 76.

Same — Who are children entitled to take. — See 56 L. 52.

Right of — Acquired in by survivorship. — See 4 L. N. S. 390-396.

Same-^.Heirs to exemption of from ancestor's debts contracted
prior to its acquisition by him. — See 4 L. N. S. 544.

Same — How secured. — See 2 L. 106.

Same — Husband — As against creditors to claim homestead
where title vested in wife. — See 13 L. N. S. 170.

Same — Same — ^Husband — To deprive wife and family of by
deserting them and abandoning homestead. — See 11 A. C. 423.

Same — Same — To partition of after divorce or separation. —
See 6 A. C. 954.

Same — Wife to partition of, after divorce or separation. — See
6 A. C. 954.

Sale of — Land siibject to, effect of on rights, child to claim
parent's. — See 56 L. 74.

Same— Under execution, injunction against. — See 30 L. 100.

Second homestead. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1243 and note.

Selection or setting apart. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 1262-1264
and notes; 56 L. 48.

Separate property of husband declared homestead. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 1238 and note.

Surplus upon foreclosure of paramount lien on— Does exemp-
tion attach to. — See IS L. N. S. 491.

Temporary — Absence from effect of. — See 4 W. & P. 3336.

Same — Separation — Affect on. — See 4 L. N. S. 388.

Termination of. — See 56 L. 86.

Same — By lease. — See 4 W. & P. 3332.

Torts — Exemption from liability for. — See 24 L. 789; 16 L. N.
S. 947.

Trust deed of, by husband and wife with proviso attempting
to derrogate from her right of survivorship, construction of. —
See 1 L. N. S. 312.

Under United States land laws — Cannot be sold for debt. —
See 1 Church's New Probate Law and Practice 894.

Use of portion of building for business purposes, effect of on.
—See 12 L. 477.

Validity and effect — Of alienation of without consent or
joinder of wife. — See 9 A. C. 3.

Same — Of mortgage of without joinder or consent of wife. —
See 9 A. C. 3.

Same — Upon government land made by claimant holding
under homestead act, prior to final proof. — See 9 A. C. 934.

660



Tit.V,ch.I.] CREATION OF. §§ 1238, 1239

Value of — Limitation upon. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1260 and
note.

Waiver of release of. — See 56 L. 76.

What may be exempt as. — See 70 A. D. 344.

Whether may be acquired in an undivided interest in lands. —
See 63 A. D. 122.

Widow, failure of to occupy as affecting her rig-hts therein. —
See 12 A. C. 783.

Wife — Conveyance of by husband to, effect of. — See 69 L. 379.

Same — Protection of marital riglits of. — See 9 L. 804.

Same — Suits by, for and concerning'. — See 76 A. D. 442.

§ 1238. FROM ^VHAT MAY BE SELECTED. If the claim-
ant be married, the homestead may be selected from the
community property, or the separate property of the husband,
or, with the consent of the wife, from her separate property.
When the claimant is not married, but is the head of a fam-
ily, within the meaning of section one thousand two hundred
and sixty-one, the homestead may be selected from any of his
or her property.

History: Enacted March 21, 1S72; amended March 30, 1874,
Code Amdts. 1873-4, p. 229.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 31 pars, annotation.

65 C. 389, 390, 4 P. 350 (cited); 70 C. 236, 239, 240, 11 P. 656,
657 (construed and applied); 76 C. 315, 317, 9 A. S. 207, 18 P.
376 (construed and applied); 117 C. 407, 409, 49 P. 574 (referred
to); 121 C. 582, 585. 54 P. 87 (referred to).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.

As to title of grantor of trust property, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 865 and note.

As to transmutation of property and preservation of charac-
ter as community, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 164 and note pars.
196-215.

As to what constitutes community property, see Kerr's Cj'c.
C. C. § 164 and note.

Wife's power to make selection in default of liusband. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1262 and note.

§ 1239. FKOM WHAT M)T. The homestead cannot be
selected from the separate property of the wife, without her
consent, shown by her making or joining in making the
declaration of homestead.

661



§§1240,1241 CIVIL CODE. [Div.II.Pt.IV.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended March 30, 1874,
Code Amdts. 1873-4, p. 229.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

76 C. 527, 529, 18 P. 650, 651 (construed and applied): 86 C.
151, 154, 24 P. 850, 851 (held inapplicable); 121 C. 582, 585, 54
P. 87 (referred to); 141 C. 459, 462, 74 P. 1033 (construed and
applied, holding- husband's declaring wife's separate property,
void).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.



§ 1210. EXEMPT FKOM FORCED SALE. The homestead
is exempt from execution or forced sale, execpt as in this
title provided.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended by Code Commis-
sion, Act March 16, 1901, Stats, and Amdts. 1900-1, p. 399, held
unconstitutional, see history, § 4 ante.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 32 pars, annotation.

54 C. 81, 83 (applied); 59 C. 615, 618 (construed and applied);
70 C. 187, 188, 11 P. 607 (construed and applied); 72 C. 477, 483,
484, 14 P. 198, 200, 201 (construed and applied); 74 C. 356, 361,
16 P. 17, 19 (construed and applied); 82 C. 226, 233, 237, 16 A. S.
108, 22 P. 1145, 1146 (referred to); 100 C. 322, 327, 38 A. S. 296,
34 P. 722 (construed and applied); 108 C. 214, 220, 41 P. 467
(applied); 111 C. 484, 486, 487, 44 P. 167 (construed); 113 C. 26,
31, 54 A. S. 321, 45 P. 15 (referred to); 121 C. 582, 587, 54 P. 87
(referred to in quotation from 72 C. 477, 483, 14 P. 198); 125 C.
77, 83, 57 P. 687 (referred to); 132 C. 320, 321, 64 P. 410 (cited);
140 C. 615, 621, 74 P. 303 (referred to in quotation from 72 C.
477, 483, 14 P. 198); 146 C. 739, 743, 106 A. S. 79, 81 P. 128 (excess
in value of homestead is subject to execution).

As to constitutional origin of homestead, see Kerr's Cyc. C.
C. § 1237 and note par. 4.

As to debts for which homestead is liable, see Kerr's Cyc. C.
C. § 1241 and note.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.

Liberal construction is given statute. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 1237 and note.



§ 1241. SALE ON EXECUTION, WHEN. The homstead is
subject to execution or forced sale in satisfaction of judg-
ments obtained:

662



Tit.V.ch.L] SALE ON EXECUTION. § 1241

1. Before the declaration of homestead was filed for record,
and which constitute liens upon the premises.

2. On debts secured by mechanics, contractors, subcon-
tractors, artisans, architects, builders, laborers of every
class, materialmen's or vendors' liens upon the premises.

3. On debts secured by mortgages on the premises, exe-
cuted and acknowledged by husband and wife, or by an
unmarried claimant.

4. On debts secured by mortgages on the premises, exe-
cuted and recorded before the declaration of homsetead was
filed for record.

History: Enacted March 21. 1872; amended March 30, 1874,.

Code Amdts. 1873-4, p. 229; April 6, 1880, Code Ahidts. 1880 (C.

C. pt.), p. 7; March 9, 1887, Stats, and Amdts. 1887, p. 81. In
effect March 9, 1887.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 31 pars, annotation.

54 C. 81, 83 (referred to); 58 C. 1, 2 (held applicable); 59 C.
615, 618 (referred to with quotation from §1245); 64 C. 77, 78,
28 P. 59, 60 (construed); 70 C. 187, 188, 11 P. 607 (construed); 70
C. 553, 559, 12 P. 451, 454 (referred to); 71 C. 479, 480, 12 P. 486
(applied — declaration of homestead does not impair prior lien
of mortgage — necessary parties to foreclosure) ; 72 C. 477, 484,
485, 14 P. 198, 201 (construed); 74 C. 356, 360, 16 P. 17, 18 (con-
strued); 78 C. 470, 474, 21 P. 116, 117 (referred to); 81 C. 641,
649, 22 P. 860 (construed and applied); 82 C. 226, 229, 16 A. S.
108, 22 P. 1145, 1147 (referred to); 86 C. 134, 141, 24 P. 853. 855
(referred to); 91 C. 94, 97, 27 P. 531, 532 (referred to); 94 C.
77, 79, 29 P. 488 (construed); 99 C. 39, 48, 31 P. 849, 33 P. 732,
733 (protection, by law, of homestead from forced sale involves
what); 104 C. 30, 34, 37 P. 775 (applied); 108 C. 214, 220, 41 P.
467 (held inapplicable): 109 C. 165, 168, 50 A. S. 25, 41 P. 1014
(applied); 111 C. 484, 486, 487, 44 P. 167 (construed); 113 C. 26.
31, 54 A. S. 321, 45 P. 15 (referred to); 114 C. 566. 567. 568, 55
A. S. 90, 46 P. 667 (construed and applied); 119 C. 364. 371, 372,
373, 51 P. 549, 955 (construed): 121 C. 254, 256. 53 P. 796 (con-
strued and applied); 124 C. 106, 107, 56 P. 898 (referred to); 124
C. 415, 417, 57 P. 208 (subd. 4 applied — election to look to per-
sonal obligation of defendants instead of security promised by
them — effect of not claiming priority over lien of homestead);
125 C. 77, 83, 57 P. 687 (applied); 125 C. 320, 325, 57 P. 1070
(applied); 126 C. 527, 530, 77 A. S. 206, 58 P. 1063 (applied);
132 C. 320, 321, 64 P. 410 (referred to); 133 C. 412, 413, 414, 65
P. 876 (referred to); 7 C. A. 199, 202, 203, 93 P. 1047 (subsequent
excess in value of liomestead is not subject to liability for
debts).

663



§ 1242 CIVIL CODE. [Div.II.Pt.IV.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.

As to power of husband and wife to contract with each other,
see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 158 and note.

Attachment levied before declaration of homestead. — See
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1240 and note par. 5.

Homestead — Liability to mechanics' lien. — See Kerr's Cyc. C.
C. P. § 11S5 and note.



§ 1242. HOW CONVEYED OR ENCUMBERED. The home-
stead of a married person cannot be conveyed or encumbered
unless the instrument by which it is conveyed or encum-
bered is executed and acknowledged by both husband and
wife.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 54 pars, annotation.

78 C. 310, 312, 12 A. S. 58, 20 P. 715, 716, 3 L. 781 (referred to);

81 C. 217, 220, 221, 15 A. S. 47, 22 P. 551, 552 (construed and
applied); 82 C. 226, 229, 16 A. S. 108, 22 P. 1145, 1147 (cited);
99 C. 39, 48, 31 P. 849, 33 P. 732, 733 (protection, by law, of
homestead from forced sale involves what); 100 C. 236, 238, 34
P. 677 (construed and applied); 102 C. 202, 207, 36 P. 358 (con-
strued and applied); 108 C. 214, 220, 41 P. 467 (cited); 113 C.
26, 31, 32, 54 A. S. 321, 45 P. 15 (construed and held inapplicable);
117 C. 352, 354, 59 A. S. 190, 49 P. 211 (referred to); 120 C. 59,
61, 65 A. S. 155, 52 P. 127, 41 L. 335 (construed and applied);
125 C. 77, 83, 57 P. 687 (held inapplicable); 126 C. 471, 476, 77
A. S. 195, 58 P. 910 (cited); 130 C. 392, 393, 80 A. S. 138, 62 P.
615 (applied); 148 C. 149, 152 (vesting of homestead in sur-
vivor), 153 (homestead property can be encumbered only how),

82 P. 679, 1 L. N. S. 312; 6 C. A. 697, 704, 92 P. 1050, 1053 (con-
veyance of homestead, after homestead becomes effective is
void when); 79 F. 404, 406 (construed and applied).

As to action by wife to enforce rights in separate property,
see Kerr's Cj'c. C. C. § 162 and note pars. 135, 141, 142.

As to conveyance, encumbrance, and abandonment of home-
stead, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 1243, 1244 and notes.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.

As to reformation of married women's contracts in general,
see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 158, 162 and notes.

Abandonment of homestead. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 1243,
1244 and notes.

Acknowledgment by husband and wife. — See Kerr's Cyc. C.
C. §§ 1180-1194 and notes.

664



Tit.V.Ch.I.] ABANDONMENT. HOW. § 1243

Adverse pussession extinguishes homestead. — See Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 1243 and note par. 3.

Prior encumbrances. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1241 and note.

Retroactive effect of abandonment. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 1243 and note par. 25.



§ 1243. HOW ABANDONED. A homestead can be aban-
doned only by a declaration of abandonment, or a grant
thereof, executed and acknowledged:

1. By the husband and wife, if the claimant is married;

2. By the claimant, if unmarried.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended by Code Commis-
sion, Act Marcli 16, 1901, Stats, and Amdts. 1900-1, p. 399, held
unconstitutional, see liistory, § 4 anto.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 26 pars annotation.

58 C. 11, 15 (referred to); 65 C. 365, 368, 4 P. 237 (construed);
68 C. 133, 134, 8 P. 691, 692 (cited); 71 C. 325, 328, 12 P. 244, 245
(referred to); 15 P. 123, 125 (homestead can be abandoned only
in manner specified in this section); 74 C. 266, 268, 5 A. S. 440.
15 P. 831, 832 (construed and applied); 78 C. 310, 312, 12 A. S.
58, 20 P. 715. 716, 3 L. 781 (referred to); 81 C. 217, 221, 15 A. S.
47, 22 P. 551, 552 (referred to); 82 C. 226. 229, 16 A. S. 108, 22 P.
1145, 1147 (referred to); 93 C. 664, 668, 670. 29 P. 256. 257 (con-
strued); 94 C. 66. 68. 29 P. 330 (construed and applied); 98 C.
143. 147, 32 P. 941, 942 (construed); 100 C. 339, 342. 34 P. 822
(applied); 106 C. 202, 205, 39 P. 531 (construed and applied with
other sections — construction and operation of deed as "grant");
113 C. 26, 31. 54 A. S. 321. 45 P. 15 (referred to); 117 C. 352. 354.
59 A. S. 190. 49 P. 211 (referred to); 121 C. 92, 94. 53 P. 362 (con-
strued and applied); 121 C. 582. 586. 54 P. 87 (cited); 130 C. 392.
393. 80 A. S. 13S. 62 P. 615 (cited); 146 C. 426. 431. 106 A. S. 47.
80 P. 620 (when liomestead Is not abandoned as to any portion
of desert claim by deed of husband to wife, in her lifetime, of
pre-emption claim); 148 C. 149. 152 (vesting of homestead in
survivor). 153 (liomestead prop^-rty can Ijo encumbered only
how). 82 P. 679, 1 L. N. S. 312; 153 C. 97. 99, 100. 94 P. 604. 60.t
(deed of trust given as security for payment of money is not
a "grant" within meaning of this section); 6 C. A. 774, 776, 93
P. 295 (construed — what acts do not constitute abandonment).

As to deeds and contracts between husband and wife, see
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 158. 159 and notes; also 88 A. D. 54; 99 A. D.
599; 9 A. S. 323: 90 A. S. 497.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237. ante.

665



§§ 1244, 1245 CIVIL CODE. [Div.II.Pt.IV.

Construction of statute — Sections in pari materia. — See Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 1242 and note par. 10.

Separation of liusband and wife — Effect upon homestead. —
See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 159 and note.



§ 1244. SAME. [EFFECTUAL FROM WHEN.] A declara-
tion of abandonment is effectual only from the time it is filed
in the office in which the homestead was recorded.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 4 pars, annotation.

65 C. 365, 368, 4 P. 237 (referred to); 71 C. 325, 328, 12 P. 244,
245 (referred to); 81 C. 217, 221, 15 A. S. 47, 22 P. 551, 552 (cited);
95 C. 397, 405, 30 P. 568, 569, 570 (construed and applied); 100
C. 339, 342, 34 P. 822 (referred to); 113 C. 26, 31, 54 A. S. 321, 45
P. 15 (referred to); 121 C. 92, 94, 53 P. 362 (referred to); 121 C.
582, 586, 54 P. 87 (referred to); 6 C. A. 774, 776, 93 P. 295 (what
acts do not constitute abandonment).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.

Construction — Sections in pari materia. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 1242 and note par. 10.

Exclusive method of abandonment is prescribed by this and
next preceding section. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1243 and note
par. 11.



§1245. PROCEEDINGS ON EXECUTION AGAINST
HOMESTEAD. When an execution for the enforcement of
a judgment obtained in a case not within the classes enumer-
ated in section one thousand two hundred and forty-one is
levied upon the homestead, the judgment creditor may apply
to the superior court of the county in which the homestead
is situated for the appointment of persons to appraise the
value thereof.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended April 6, 1880,
Code Amdts. 1880 (C. C. pt. ), p. 7; amended by Code Commis-
sion, Act March 16, 1901. Stats, and Amdts. 1900-1, p. 399, held
unconstitutional, see history, § 4 ante.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 10 pars, annotation.

59 C. 615, 618, 619 (referred to); 62 C. 125, 138, 45 A. S. 654
(referred to); 70 C. 553, 559, 12 P. 451 (referred to); 74 C. 266,

666



Tit.V,ch.I.] EXECUTION AGAINST. § 1246

268, 5 A. S. 440, 15 P. 831, 832 (cited); 75 C. 163, 164, 16 P. 760,
761 (construed); 79 C. 460, 461, 21 P. 863 (referred to); 79 C.
608, 609, 12 A. S. 180, 21 P. 973 (referred to); 82 C. 226, 230, 16
A. S. 108, 22 P. 1145, 1147 (referred to); 85 C. 71, 74, 24 P. 594.
595 (cited); 86 C. 119, 120, 121, 21 A. S. 26, 24 P. 852, 853 (referred
tu); 86 C. 134, 141, 24 P. 853, 855 (cited); 144 C. 659, 663, 79 P.
379 (creditor's process for reaching excess in value); 146 C.
426, 429, 106 A. S. 47, 80 P. 620 (necessity of proceedings for
appraisement and division or sale of property); 146 C. 739, 740,
741 (referred to), 743 (levy on property, how made — §§ 1245-
1261 provide plan for subjecting- excess in value of homestead
to execution), 106 A. S. 79, 81 P. 128; 152 C. 246, 247, 92 P. 485,
486 (referred to).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to liomesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.

Appeal from order. — See Kerr's CycC. C. § 1245, note par. 9.

Appraisement of homestead — Division of property when value
excessive. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P. S 1476 and note.



§1246. SAME. [APPLICATI()\, HOW MADE.] The ap-
plication must be made upon a verified petition showing:

1. The fact that an execution has been levied upon the
homestead;

2. The name of the claimant;

3. That the value of the homestead exceeds the amount
of the homestead exemption.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 4 pars, annotation.

62 C. 125, 138, 45 A. R. 654 (cited with other sections); 79 C.
460, 461, 21 P. 863 (referred to); 82 C. 226, 230, 16 A. S. 108, 22
P. 1145, 1147 (cited with other sections); 85 C. 71, 74, 24 P. 594,
595 (cited); 144 C. 659, 663, 79 P. 379 (creditor's process for
reaching excess in value); 146 C. 426, 429, 106 A. S. 47, 80 P. 620
(necessity of proceedings for appraisement and division or
sale of property); 146 C. 739, 740 (referred to), 743 (§§1245-1261
provide plan for subjecting excess in value of homestead
to execution), 106 A. S. 79, 81 P. 128; 152 C. 246, 247, 92 P. 485,
486 (referred to).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.

Exclusive mode prescribed. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1245 and
note par. 5.

667



§§ 1247, 1248 CIVIL CODE. [Div.II.Pt.IV.

§ 1247. SAME. [PETITION, WHERE FILED.] The peti-
tion must be filed with the clerk of the superior court.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended April 6, 1880,
Code Amdts. 1880 (C. C. pt.), P- 8; amended by Code Commission,
Act March 16, 1901, Stats, and Amdts. 1900-1, p. 399, held uncon-
stitutional, see history, § 4 ante.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 2 pars, annotation.

62 C. 125, 138, 45 A. R. 654 (referred to with other sections);
82 C. 226, 230, 16 A. S. 108, 22 P. 1145, 1147 (referred to with
other sections); 85 C. 71, 74, 24 P. 594, 595 (cited); 144 C. 659,
663, 79 P. 379 (creditor's process for reaching excess in value);
146 C. 426, 429, 106 A. S. 47, 80 P. 620 (necessity of proceedings
for appraisement and division or sale of property) ; 146 C. 739,
740 (referred to), 743 (§§ 1245-1261 provide plan for subjecting
excess in value of homestead to execution), 106 A. S. 79, 81 P.
128; 152 C. 246, 247, 92 P. 485, 486 (referred to).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.

Exclusive mode prescribed. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1245 and
note par. 5.

§ 1248. SAME. [NOTICE OF HEARING, SERVICE.] A

copy of the petition, with a notice of the time and place of
hearing, must be served upon the claimant, at least two
days before the hearing.

Hi.«itory: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended bj^ Code Commis-
sion, Act March 16, 1901, Stats, and Amdts. 1900-1, p. 399, held
unconstitutional, see history, § 4 ante.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

62 C. 125, 138, 45 A. R. 654 (referred to with other sections);
82 C. 226, 230, 16 A. S. 108, 22 P. 1145, 1147 (referred to with
other sections); 85 C. 71, 74, 24 P. 594, 595 (cited); 144 C. 659,
663, 79 P. 379 (creditor's process for reaching excess in value);
145 C. 529, 533, 78 P. 1038 (cited with § 1249 in discussing
appointment of appraisers); 146 C. 426, 429, 106 A. S. 47, 80 P.
620 (necessity of proceedings for appraisement and division or
sale of property); 146 C. 739, 740 (referred to), 743 (§§ 1245-1261
provide plan for subjecting excess in value of hoinestead to
execution), 106 A. S. 79, 81 P. 128; 152 C. 246, 247, 92 P. 485, 486
(referred to).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.

Exclusive mode prescribed. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1245 and
note par. 5.

668



Tit.V,ch.T.] APPRAISERS, SWEARING. §§ 1249, 12ri0

§ 1249. SAME. [APPOI]VTI>ft APPRAISERS.] At the

hearing the judge may, upon proof of the service of a copy
of the petition and notice, and of the facts stated in the
petition, appoint three disinterested residents of the county
to appraise the value of the homestead.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended by Code Commis-
sion, Act March 16, 1901, Stats, and Amdts. 1900-1, p. 400, held
unconstitutional, see history, § 4 ante.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 4 pars, annotation.

62 C. 125, 138, 45 A. R. 654 (referred to with other sections);
82 C. 226, 230, 16 A. S. 108, 22 P. 1145, 1147 (referred to with
other sections); 85 C. 71, 74, 24 P. 594, 595 (referred to in con-
nection with other sections); 144 C. 659, 663, 79 P. 379 (creditor's
process for reaching' excess in value): 145 C. 529, 533, 78 P. 1038
(construed); 146 C. 426, 429, 106 A. S. 47, 80 P. 620 (necessity
of proceedings for appraisement and division or sale of prop-
erty); 146 C. 739, 740 (referred to), 743 (§§1245-1261 provide
plan for subjecting excess in value of homestead to execution),
106 A. S. 79, 81 P. 128; 152 C. 246, 247, 92 P. 485, 486 (referred
to).

As to many miscellaneous matters as to homesteads, see note
§ 1237, ante.

Exclusive mode prescribed.— See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1245 and
note par. 5.

§ 1250. SAME. [APPRAISERS TO BE SWORN.] The per-
sons appointed, before entering upon the performance of their
duties, must take an oath to faithfully perform the same.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 2 pars, annotation.

62 C. 125, 138, 45 A. R. 654 (referred with other sections); 82
C. 226, 230, 16 A. S. 108, 22 P. 1145, 1147 (referred to with other
sections); 85 C. 71, 74, 24 P. 594, 595 (cited): 144 C. 659. 663, 79
P. 379 (creditor's process for reaching excess in value): 146 C.
426, 429, 106 A. S. 47, 80 P. 620 (necessity of proceedings for



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