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602.

Same — Additional for completing executory contract other
than a contract for the payment of money. — See 11 L. N. S. 789.

Same — Completion of invalid contract as. — See 5 L. N. S. 725.

839



§ 1549 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.II.

Same — Failure of — As to generally, see 1 L. 594; 31 L. 747;
32 L. 492; 47 L. 760; 67 L. 603.

Same — Same — As a defense. — See 13 A. D. 378.

Same — ^Husband's express promise to pay debts contracted by
■wife.— See 7 L. N. S. 1048.

Same — Inadequacy of as a defense. — See 56 A. R. 332.

Same — Moral, when will sustain an express promise. — See 39
A. S. 735.

Same — Moral obligation arising from relationship as sufficient
to support a promise to become responsible for another's debt.
—See 3 L. N. S. 436.

Same — Necessity of. — See 12 L. 463; 13 L. 640; 18 L. 855; 21 L.
129; 26 L. 305; 29 L. 305.

Same — New promise by wife after discoverture to pay debt
incurred during coverture. — See 7 L. N. S. 1053.

Same- — Payment of part of liquidated and undisputed debt as,
for the discharge of the whole. — See 11 L. N. S. 1018.

Same — Proof of, recitals as to. — See 3 L. 804; 5 L. 596; 18 L.
845; 20 L. 101; 56 L. 828; 68 L. 925.

Same — Sufficiency of — As to generally, see 2 L. 372; 2 L. 530;
3 L. 466; 3 L. 468; 3 L. 761; 3 L. 836; 5 L. 856; 12 L,. 46; 12 L. 463,
464; 12 L. 465; 13 L. 581; 13 L. 640; 33 L. 305; 35 L. 515; 36 L. 161;
36 L. 346; 70 L. 485.

Same — Same — Moral obligation as a. — See 53 L. 353-375.

Same — Same — Performance of existing obligations as a con-
sideration. — See 34 L. 33-43.

Same — ^When and how must be expressed. — See 60 A. S. 432.

Consideration for which is partly illegal or has partly failed.
— See 117 A. S. 493.

Consideration for which is the stifling of a criminal prosecu-
tion. — See 31 A. D. 600; 22 A. R. 121; 49 A. R. 48.

Consideration of new contract based on compromise of illegal
contract, validity of. — See 9 L. N. S. 568.

Consideration tending to obstruct the administration of jus-
tice. — See 37 A. R. 203.

Constitutionality of statute legalizing contract. — See 22 L. 379;
27 L. 696.

Construction and effect of — As to, generally, see 1 L. 826; 3 L.
579; 3 L. 761; 3 L. 859; 4 L. 202; 4 L. 204; 4 L. 392; 10 L. 785; 10
L. 826; 12 L. 375; 13 L. 671; 14 L. 861; 46 L. 54; 49 L. 205: 70 L.
106.

Same — Agreement to give property by will — Effect of on right
to transfer property during life. — See 14 L. 861.

Same — Same- — Effect of upon right to change will. — See 14 L.
861.

Construction of — Aiding, of building contract, by extrinsic
documents or examples. — See 9 L. N. S. 1007.

Same— Building contracts, of. — See 10 L. 826.

840



L.



Tit I Ch.l.] CONTRACTS, GENERM.T.V. § 1549

Same— Contract exempting from liability to servants of
another party, effect of.— See 46 L. 54.

Same— Damages— "By the elements." as to what constitutes.

— See 53 L. 673.

Same— Distinction between executory and executed contracts.

—See 3 L. 761.

Same— "Effects" in a written instrument, as to whether real
estate passes under. — See 12 L. N. S. 661.

Same— First and last days in computation of time on.— See 49

Same— "Forfeiture," effect of use of term.— See 10 L. 827.

Same— Ignorance of contents of extraneous paper, effect of
parties, upon attempt to incorporate it into contract by refer-
ence. — See 70 L. 106.

Same— Intent of parties to adopt standard instead of solar
time.— See 1 L. N. S. 364. , t c-o

Same — Interpretation of words in contract. — See 3 !>.. !>;>».

Same— Law, usage and custom as part of.— See 3 L. 860; 4 L.

392; 10 L. 785. , v. , o

Same— Liquidated damages and penalty distinguished.— See

13 L. 761.

Same— Parol evidence, when admissilile to aid.— See n A. K.

241. ,

Same — Province of court and jury. — See 2 L. 376; 4 L. -04.
Same— Repugnant clauses in, which shall prevail.— See 60

A. S. 93.

Same— Retention of title to personal property until p:iynu'nt
of purchase price, effect to characterize sale as executory.— See
5 L. N. S. 475.

Same— Rule that when terms of agreement have been intended
in a different sense by the party, that sense is to prevail,
against the other party in which he had reason to suppose the
otiier party understood it. — See 8 L. N. S. 1140.

Same— Separate instruments construed together.— See 3 L.

579

Same— Stipulation for payment in case of default, whether to
be considered a penalty or liquidated damages.— See 10 L. 820.

Same— Subscription contract— As to, generally.— See — L. IsO.

Same Terms of art or business, meaning of for jury. — See

12 L. 376.

Same— When primary meaning of word.s to prevail over tecb-

nical.— See 12 L. 375.

Same— Whether contract entire or severable.— See 1 L. s-b.

Contract as to realty— Agreement of vendee to divide profits
of resale with vendor, as affected by statute of frauds.— See S
L. N. S. 1137. ,, .^ ^.^.

Same— Authority of agent to purchase or sell. necessit> that

841



§ 1549 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.II.

it be in writing to enable him to recover compensation for
services. — See 9 L. N. S. 933; 12 L. N. S. 707.

Same — Legal remedy for breach of contract to purchase for
and in the name of another — Statute of frauds as affecting. —
See 5 L. N. S. 123.

Same — Memorandum for sale of real property disclosing that
one party acted for undisclosed principal, as to satisfying stat-
ute of frauds. — See 8 L. N. S. 733.

Same — 'Oral agreement to assume or assign land contract,
validity of. — See 3 L. N. S. 147.

Same — Part performance, effect of. — See 3 L. N. S. 790; 3 L.
N. S. 852; 11 L. N. S. 1116.

Same — Power of legislature to prohibit offering of another's
real estate for sale without written authority. — See 12 L. N. S.
707.

Same — Right to equitable relief against one who has pur-
chased land in his own name, in violation of his agreement to
purchase for another, statute of frauds, as affecting right to
equitable relief against. — See 5 L. N. S. 112.

Contract against a public policy — As to, generally, see 3 L.
631.

Same — Attempt to ratify. — See 12 L. 121.

Contract exempting from liability to servants of other party,
effect of. — See 46 L. 54.

Contract extending over a series of years must be in writing.
—See 3 L. 338.

Contract for a year — Future commencement of. — See 2 L. N.
S. 738.

Same — To commence on a future day to be in writing. — See
3 L. 338.

Contract for permanent employment — Sufficiency of considera-
tion. — See 35 L. 515.

Same — To be in writing. — See 35 L. 514.

Contract for services to procure litigation, invalid. — See 30
L. 737-742.

Contract for work and labor, as affected by statute of frauds.
—See 1 L. 507.

Contract in restraint of trade — Invalid when. — See 8 L. 469;
11 L. 437; 11 L. 503; 22 L. 673; 64 L. 689.

Same — Restrictions as to territory. — See 11 L. 503.

Same — Restrictions as to time. — See 1 L. 457; 8 L. 469.

Same — Restrictions as to use of trade secrets. — See 13 L. 652.

Contract made by public officer — Liability of officer on. — See
15 L. 509.

Same — Power to bind successor. — See 16 L. 257.

Same — "With body or municipality he represents.- — See 15 L.
520.

Contract made on a holiday or Sunday, validity of. — See 1 L,

842



Tit I.ch.I.] CONTRACTS. GENERALLY. §1549

63; 3 L. 244; 4 L. 680; 7 L. 498; 19 L. 317; 4 L. N. S. 1151; f, L. N.

^'contract not to be performed within one year-Effect of
future performance on one side.— See 3 L. 3.?8.

Contract not to engage in certain business, effe^^ "^ incor-
poration of business by covenantees.— See 9 L N. S. 9.9.

Contract to procure testimony, invalid.— See 19 L. 3/1.

Contract void in part. — See 3 L. 468.

Sst^m to grant an exception to written contract, admissi-
bility of evidence of.— See 3 L. N. S. 248. ^ -o t c-t

Damages -by the elements," what constitutes.-bee :,3 I. 6.3.

Death of contractor, enforcement of after.— bee 2- A. b._ Ml.

Death of master, termination of employment by.— bee d i.. .>•

^"Dea'th of party after mailing, but bef..re the re-ipt. of his
letter accepting an offer, effect of. -See IL L. N^ S 439

Debt or default of another, contract to answer f oi , to b. in
writing.-See 5 L. 617; 25 L. 264; 33 L. 359; 39 L. 3.8.

Decedents, continuing force against, and how may in-
asserted.— See 68 A. D. 758. .,

Definition of contract.— See 9 Cyc 240-242; . Lnc>c. L. JO. .
W. & P. 1513-1534. , , ^

Denial of allegation of persons of condition precedent.— b. .

' Denial of remedy on contract illegal, immoral ^J ''^'^:']^'''\'''
public policy-As to generally, see 3 L. 631; b L. 218. 6 L. d88.
8 L. 476; 8 L. 497; 8 L. 501.

Same— Injunction against enforcing illegal contract.— bee 4N

^' Same— Parties in pari delicto.— vSee 2 L. 817; 6 L. 458; 8 L.

''^Sa.lie-ReHef to less guilty parly to illegal contract.-See 17

^■Destruction of subject-matter of contract as excuse for non-
performance. — See 1 A. C. 466.

Di.satnrmance of by Infants.— See 18 A. S. 65J.

Discontinuance of bastardy proceedings as consideration foi.

~DTst?nfti^n between a definite proposal or acceptance and a
M.ere preliminary step in the negotiation of a contract.-feee 4

L. N. S. 1077. , , , i« not —See

Duress sufficient to invalidat.-, what is. and XNhat is not.— cc

"^'^ecUoror appointment to office, contracts tending to influ-
ence. Invalid.— See 12 L. 120.

Enforcement of outside of the jurisdiction where made.— See

55 A. S. 774. .. . <,(>-

Enforcement of unilateral contract.-See 1 L. »o4. b U 8U..

S43



§ 1549 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.II.

Entirety of — As to generally, see 54 A. R. 624.

Same — Complete performance, when essential to a cause of
action ex contractu. — See 59 A. S. 277.

Same — When for services of other work. — See 38 A. R. 208.

Entry in bank book as. — See 24 L. 737.

Estoppel of party to deny terms of written contract. — See 3
L. 308.

Evidence, stipulations as to rules of, whether binding on the
courts. — See 8 A. S. 921.

Exchange of lands — Verbal contract for, enforcibility of. — See
5 L. 245.

Excuses for non-performance — Effect of destruction of build-
ing upon building contract. — See 2 A. C. 812; 12 L. 571.

Same — 'Effect of intervening impossibility to perform. — See
14 L. 215.

Same — Effect on contract of the death of party. — See 16 L.
858; 23 L. 707.

Same — Recovery for services interrupted by sickness or death.
—See 16 L. 858; 23 L. 707.

Same — Waiver of provisions. — See 6 L. 551.

Same — When party entitled to relief from forfeiture. — See 10
Lr. 828.

Executory and executed contracts, distinction between. — See
3 L. 761.

Exeinplary damages in action on contract or time contract to
marry. — See 3 A. C. 413.

Exonerating master in advance from liability for negligent
injuries to servant. — See 7 L. N. S. 537.

Expectancy, transaction between heir and ancestor relating
to, to be in writing. — See 32 L. 597.

Failure of consideration — As defense to action and assessment
by mutual fire insurance company.- — See 32 L. 492.

Same — As defense to bill or note. — See 1 L. 594.

Same — Same — When paper transferred after maturity. — See
46 L. 760.

Same — As ground for injunction against judgment. — See 31 L.
747.

Same — Right of alleged fraudulent grantee to show, of con-
sideration of contract on which judgment against grantor was
based. — See 67 L. 603.

False representations as to consideration, effect of. — See 10
L. 676.

Federal question, questions relating to as a. — See 62 L. 537.

First and last days in computing time on contracts. — See
49 L. 205.

Forebearance to sue — As consideration for a promise. — See
60 A. D. 524.

Same — Effect of agreement for. — See 36 A. S. 145.

844



TitT.ch.I.] CONTRACTS, GENERAIJA'. §1549

Foreign corporation which has not compiled with statutory
conditions conferring right to do business, validity of contract
by.— See 24 L. 315.

'•Forfeiture," effect of use of term in contract.— See 10 L.

^"Forfeiture under contract— When party entitled to relief from.
—See 10 I.. 828.

Formalities of— Effect of omission of internal revenue stamps.

—See 40 L. 305.

Same— Signing by mark.— See 22 L. 372.

Same— Signing by proxy— See 22 L. 970.

For the benefit of a third person, when may he sue thereon.—
See 39 A. S. 531; 71 A. S. 176. „ , , t^

For the production or discovery of evidence.— See 94 A. u,

375; 97 A. S. 145. », , ,^

"For value received"— Effect of absence of in negotiable

instrument. — See 12 L. 846. ^_

Fraud— Use of statute of frauds as a protection to.— See -;> i..

569. ,. , o 1

Fraud in contract— As ground for equitable relief.— See S

L. 806; 5 L. 153; 6 L. 836.

Same— Circumvention and deceit, neglect of precaution, suf-
ficiency of proof of fraud. — See 10 L. 606.

Same— Effect of.— See 2 L. 817.

Future-acquired property, validity of agreement for transfer
of in consideration of maintenance. — See 70 L. 485.

Future commencement of a contract for a year.— Sec 2 L. N.

Future delivery of property, contract for, valid when.— See 4
L. 398; 5 L. 201; 12 L. 776.

"Futures"— Purchase or sale of, validity of.— See 1 2 L. 121.

Same— Right of broker to recover for services or losses in
dealing in. — See 1 L.. 141.

Grammatical construction of. — See 6 A. C. 55.

Heir and ancestor, transactions between relating to expect-
ancy, to be in writing.— See 32 L. 597.

Holidav, validity of contract executed on.— See 1 L. 63: 3 T..
244; 4 L.680; 7 L. 493; 19 L. 317; 4 L. N. S. 1151; 5 L. N. S. -9;..

How far contract is invalidated by Intoxication.— See 2 I..

"W CJ ft A R

'■Husband and wife— Contract between to compromise ponding
or contemplated divorce suit. — See 60 L. 406.

Same— Validity of agreement between, renouncing mnrltal
rights.— See 12 L. N. S. 848.

Husband's express promise to pay debt contracted b> ^ ire.

validity of.— See 7 L. N. S. 1048. „.,,tl^9

Ignorance of contents of extraneous paper, effect of parties

845



§ 1549 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.II.

upon attempt to incorporate it into contract by reference. — See
70 L. 106.

Ignorance or carelessness as affecting right to equitable
relief from a contract in which one has been overreached. — See

5 L. N. S. 799.

Illegal business, notes given on settlement of is valid. — See
30 A. R. 106.

Illegal — Actions upon. — See S A. D. 691.

Same — Recovery of money paid under. — See 12 A. D. 385.

Same — Rights of parties to. — See 67 A. D. 153.

Illegal, immoral or opposed to public policy — ^Validity of. —
See 3 L. 631; 4 L. 682; 9 L. 506; 9 L. 657; 12 L. 121; 27 L. 56; 35
L. 513; 48 L. 842; 58 L. 181; 60 L. 406; 70 L. 485.

Same — Injunction against enforcing. — See 48 L. 842.

Immoral consideration — Right of alleged fraudulent grantee
to show that judgment against grantor was based on. — See 67
L. 602.

Implied agreement to pay for services rendered by relative or
member of household. — See 11 L. N. S. 873-913.

Implied contracts — -As to generally. — See 4 L. 202; 6 L. 702;
50 L. 397; 4 W. & P. 3428.

Same — As implied in fact. — See 50 A. R. 321; 12 A. S. 145; 5 L.
233; 13 L. 210; 4 W. & P. 3429.

Same — As implied in law. — See 36 A. D. 985; 47 A. R. 64; 75
A. S. 935; 4 W. & P. 3430.

Same — As quasi contract.— See 10 A. D. 179; 4 W. & P. 3431.

Same — Compared with express contracts. — See 54 A. S. 505;
4 W. & P. 3429.

Same — Consent required. — See 33 A. R. 396; 21 L. 714; 4 W.

6 P. 3428.

Implied contracts or obligations imposed by law. — See 29 L.
522.

Implied contracts to pay for services to relative not living as
part of same family. — See 1 L. N. S. 819.

Implied power to incorporate in contract for public work or
in contractor's bond, a requirement that the contractor shall
pay laborers and materialmen. — See 11 L. N. S. 1028.

Indefiniteness and uncertainty of contract for permanent
employment, effect on validity. — See 35 L. 515.

Injunction against enforcing illegal contract. — See 48 L. 842.

Injunction to restrain breach of contract not capable of being
specifically enforced. — See 3 A. C. 976.

In restraint of trade — As to generally, see 5 L. N. S. 136; 6 L.
N. S. 847; 6 L. N. S. 892; 9 L. N. S. 446; 9 L. N. S. 501; 11 L. N.
S. 368.

Same— Validity of.— See 92 A. D. 751; 35 A. R. 269; 74 A. S.
235.

846



Tit.I.ch.I.] CONTRACTS. GENERALT.Y. § 1549

Interference witli contract relations, civil liability for. — See

11 A. C. 337.

Interpretation of words in — As to generally, see 3 L. 859.
Same — Primary meaning prevails over technical, when. —
See 12 L. 375.

Same — Province of court and jury in. generally, see 4 L. 204;

12 L. 376.

Same — Terms of art or business, meaning of for jury. — See
12 L. 376.

Intoxicated person, validity of contract made with. — See 107
A. S. 536: 54 L. 440; 2 L. N. S. 666.

Into.xication, how far contract is invalidated by. — See 2 L.
N. S. 666.

Joint, agency existing in one contractor to act fur and biiwl
another. — See 65 A. S. 683.

•loint, survivorship of liability after the death of one of the
obligors. — See 30 A. R. 56.

1-a.borers and materialmen, implied power to incorporate in
contract for public work, or in contractor's bond, a requirement
for the payment of. — See 11 L. N. S. 1028.

Law, usage and custom as a part of the interpretation of con-
tracts. — See 3 L. 860; 4 L. 390; 10 L. 785.

Lease for more than one year — To be in writing. — S«i 7 1..
671.

Same — What is lease for one year. — See 10 L. 7 2i">.

Lease to commence at future tinu — What is lease for one year.
— See 10 L. 726.

Letters and telegrams, unconditional offer and complete
acceptance by — When contract takes effect. — See 6 A. C. 378.

Liability of obligors on original contract as affected by
renewal or substituted contract which Is void. — See 33 L. 628.

Liability of trade-union for wrongful conduct of its agents. —
See 5 A. C. 601.

Limiting liability, as to.— See 7 L. N. S. 1041; 11 L. N. S. 4.12:
11 L. N. S. 560.

Liquidated damages and penalty — Distinguished. — Sec 13 L.
671.

Sann — Effect of u.se of tirni 'forfeiture". — See 10 L. S27.

Same — Whether stipulation for payment in case of default is.
— See 10 L. 826.

Lowest bidder, rights of, on public contract. — See 26 L. 707.

"Margin," deposit by way of, validity of. — See 3 L. 680.

Marriage agreement to comply with contract as consideratioa
— See 34 L. 37.

Marriage as a sufficient consideration. — See 2 L. 372; 12 L. 464

Marriage-brokerage contracts. — See 104 A. S. 919.

Master's contract with third person exempting latter from

847



§ 1549 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.II.

liability to servants, effect of upon servant's rights.— See 46 L.
54.

Matter following- signature as part of contract. — See 5 L. N.
S. 436.

Memorandum — Sufficiency of under statute of frauds.— See
2 L. 212; 11 L. 97.

Same^-Telegrams as. — See 50 L. 240.

Same — Undelivered deed as. — See 22 L. 273.

Memorandum of sale of goods, requisites of. — See 11 L. 143.

Merger of. — As to generally, see 15 A. D. 81.

Same — Estoppel of party to deny terms of written contract. — •
See 3 L. 308.

Same — Preliminary negotiations merged in written contract.
— See 3 L. 308.

Mistake as a ground of equitable relief — As to generally, see
5 L. 153; 11 L. 857; 12 L. 273.

Same — Burden of proof as to. — See 5 L. 159.

Same — Evidence and character of necessary to establish. — See
5 L. 159.

Same — -Mistake as to incidental or collateral matters. — See
4 L. 483.

Same — Mistake as to legal effect of instrument.— See 6 L. 837.

Same — Mistake of fact. — See 6 L. 836.

Same- — Mistake of law or of legal right. — See 5 L. 154; 6
L. 836.

Same — Must be material and void from culpable negligence.
— See 4 L. 483; 6 L. 835.

Same — Parol evidence to establish. — See 5 L. 158; 6 L. 838.

Same— Showing of by parol evidence. — See 5 L. 158; 6 L. 838.

Same — What is mistake in sense of court of equity. — See 5
L. 153; 6 L. 835; 5 W. & P. 4539.

Mistake in computation by contractor as ground for relief. —
See 10 L. N. S. 114.

Mistake of fact, avoiding for. — See 45 A. D. 631.

Modification of contract by agreement. — See 6 L. 551; 12 L.
274; 13 L. 633.

Moral obligation arising from relationship, as to whether a
sufficient consideration to support a promise to become respon-
sible for another's debt. — See 3 L. N. S. 436.

Moral obligation as a consideration — As to generally, see
53 L. 353-359.

Same — Exceptions to the rule. — See 53 L. 361-375.

Mortgage or sale of crops, to be in writing. — See 23 L. 450.

Municipal board or committee, power to employ one of its
own members as counsel or to render any other special services.
—See 3 L. N. S. 849.

Municipal contract— Statute legalizing invalid. — See 27 L. 696.

Mutuality of — Effect upon servant's right of master's con-

848



Tit.I.ch.I.] CONTRACTS. GENERALLY. § 1549

tract with third person exempting hittor from lial>ility t<>
servants. — See 46 L. 54.

Same — Enforcemi-nt of unt-quivocal contract. — Sc-e, 1 L. r>.'>4;
6 L. 807.

Same — For permanent employment, consideration in. — See 35
L. 515.

Same — Lack of as affecting right to specific performance. — See
6 L. N. S. 391; 6 L. N. S. 403.

Same — Necessity of that acceptance of pr<iposal lie unequivo-
cal. — See 3 L. 94.

Same — Of accepting proposition to furnish such material as
one needs in liis business. — See 11 L. N. S. 713.

Same — Of obligation where one party undertaking is not
definite and certain. — See 1 L. N. S. 445.

Same — Partial performance of contract obviates lack of. — -
See 8 L. N. S. 433.

Same — Rights conferred by '"refusal" or "option". — See 21 L.
127.

Nature and requisites of — Generally, see 4 L. 242; 24 L. 7;!7:
63 L. 537.

Necessity of consideration. — See "Consideration", this note.

Same — As to generally, see 12 L. 468.

Same — For option. — See 21 L. 129.

Same— Gift of check.— See 18 L. 855.

Same — Gift of promissory note. — See 26 L. 305.

Same — New, to support waiver of failure to give nnn.e oi
dislionor or subsequent promise by indorser. — See 29 L. 305.

Same — Validity of voluntary deed. — See 13 L. 640.

Necessity that acceptance of proposal be unequivocal. — See 3
L. 94.

Negative or engraved plates not to be used without <onsent of
party who has paid for them, implied. — See 50 L. 3'.t7.

New consideration — To support waiver of failure to give
notice of dishonor or subse(|Uent promise by indorser. — See 29
L. 305.

New contract, sufllciency of consideration for. — See 13 I>. 581.

New promise by woman after discoverture to pay debt
incurred during coverture, validity of. — See 7 I^. N. S. 1053.

Newspapers, public policy, contract with, when against. — Stse
93 A. S. 905.

Non-performance, what excuses. — See IS A. H. 452.

Not to protest against application for patent to public
lands, invalid.- See 9 L. N. S. 529.

Offer and acceptance — Acceptance must be une<iuivocal. — See
3 L. 94.

Same — Without execution of contemplated formal instrument
effect of. — See 29 L. 431-437.

849



§ 1549 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.II.

Offer by letter accepted by telegram, or vice versa — Time and
place of consummation of contract. — See 6 L. N. S. 1016.

Of intoJticated persons. — See 107 A. S. 536; 54 L. 440; 2 L. N. S.
666.

Option as to performance, election. — See 12 L. 690.

Option, necessity of consideration for. — See 21 L. 129.

"Option", rights conferred by — As to generally, see 21 L.
127; 6 W. & P. 5000 : 7 W. & P. 6032.

Same— In futures.— See 1 L. 655: 6 L. 164; 31 L. 529; 6 W.
& P. 5001.

Same — Same — As a gambling contract. — See 40 A. R. 154; 55
A. R. 4141; 34 A. S. 556; 4 W. & P. 3029.

Oral contract for land, improvements made in good faitli
under, right to compensation. — See 53 L. 337.



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