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The codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) online

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with other sections); 123 C. 42, 44, 55 P. 706 (cited with other
sections); 123 C. 643, 649, 56 P. 468 (applied); 150 C. 689, 693, 89
P. 976 (applied to operation of street railways).

932



Pt. III.] LIABILITY FOR NEGLIGENCE. § 1714

NEGLIGENCE — LIABILITY FOR

A relative term. — See 49 A. D. 239; 97 A. D. 722; 20 A. R. .3.56;
46 A. R. 667; 8 A. S. 876; 29 A. S. 48; 34 A. S. 653; 91 A. S. 629;
91 A. S. 681; 15 L. 434; 17 L. 699; 18 L. 759; 39 L. 161; 55 L. 118;
5 W. & P. 4755.

Accident as evidence of. — See 6 A. S. 792; 30 A. S. 736; 20 A.
S. 490.

Accident policy, contributory negligence as defense to suit on.
—See 13 L. 266.

Act of God does not excuse when. — See 95 A. D. 125; brief 52
L. 15.

Actionable negligence — As to generally, see 9 A. C. 425.

Same — Essential elements of. — :See 1 A. C. 206.

Agent or servant of third person, liability of for his own
negligence or nonfeasance. — See 28 L. 433.

Agreements waiving the right to recover for future. — See 58
A. R. 836.

Appeal, loss of by negligence as ground for injunction against
judgment. — See 30 L. 562.

As a fact. — See 26 A. R. 272; 5 W. & P. 4748.

As a question of law or fact. — See 3 A. R. 515; 52 A. R. 468; 66
A. S. 39; 42 L. ed. 491; 5 W. & P. 4753.

As act of commission or omission. — See 90 A. S. 564; 61 L. 277;
5 W. & P. 4743.

Same — Cautious and prudent man. — See 22 L. 635; 5 W. &
P. 4744.

Same — Ordinarily prudent person. — See 5 W. & P. 4744.

Same — Ordinary careful person. — See 5 W. & P. 4744.

Same — Reasonable and prudent man. — See 91 A. D. 681; 58 A. S.
709; 26 L. 229^; 21 L. ed. 206; 5 W. & P. 4744.

Same — Reasonable person.- — See 5 W. & P. 4745.

Same — Reasonably prudent person. — See 5 W. & P. 4746.

As affecting liability other than person or property. — See 1 L.
319; 1 L. 500; 2 L. 700; 7 L. 31; 13 L. 266; 30 L. 562; 31 L. 33; 43
L. 593; 45 L. 39; 55 L. 755.

As an inference of fact. — See 5 W. & P. 4748.

As an unintentional wrongful act. — See 5 W. & P. 4762.

As failure of duty. — See 49 A. D. 239; 45 A. R. 628; 2 A. S. 542;
49 A. S. 516; 19 L. 563; 5 W. & P. 4748.

Same— Legal duty.— See 20 A. R. 356; 5 W. & P. 4750.

Same — Noncontractual duty. — See 5 W. & P. 4750.

As failure to exercise care justly demanded by circumstances.
—See 25 A. S. 186; 82 A. S. 425; 5 W. & P. 4750.

As failure to provide against ordinary occurrences. — See 8 L.
134; 5 W. & P. 4751.

As failure to use greatest care. — See 5 W. & P. 4751.

As ignorance. — See 5 W. & P. 4752.

933



§ 1714 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.

As the breach or omission of a legal duty. — See 54 A. R. 718; 5
W. & P. 4746.

As to failure of judge to distinguish between. — See 11 L. 615.
As to what a prudent man would not do. — See 5 W. & P. 4748.
As to what constitutes.— See 7 A. C. 1126; 1 A. S. 526; 39 A.
S. 261; 2 L. 587; 2 L. 695; 5 W. & P. 4743.

As to what constitutes act of God. — See 57 L. 707.
As to what is inevitable accident. — See 11 L. 616.
As to who are liable for.— See 15 L. 818; 26 L. 154; 26 L. 504; 28
L. 427T^;'^ I'. 433; 37 L. 301; 39 L. 33; 51 L. 477; 63 L. 227.

As want of care.— See 52 A. S. 293; 32 L. 535; 5 W. & P. 4756.
Same — ^Man of ordinary and reasonable prudence. — See 5
W. & P. 4758.

Same — Man of ordinary care and prudence. — See 5 W. & P.
4757.

Same — Man of ordinary prudence. — See 48 A. R. 96; 66 A. S.
39; 5 W. & P. 4757.

Same — Ordinarily careful and prudent person. — See 5 W. «& P.
4758.

Same — Ordinarily prudent man in his own affairs. — See 5 W. &
P. 4758.

Same — Ordinarily prudent person. — See 5 W. & P. 4758.
Same — Ordinary man. — See 5 W. & P. 4758.

Same — Person of common sense and prudence. — See 37 A. S.
374; 5 W. & P. 4757.

Same — Person of great care and prudence. — See 5 W. & P. 4757.
Same — Prudent and just man. — See 17 A. S. 791; 5 W. & P. 4759.
Same — Prudent, careful, diligent, or skillful man. — See 54 L.
402; 5 W. & P. 4759.

Same — Reasonable and provident person. — See 5 W. & P.
4759.

Same — Reasonable and prudent person.- — See 58 A. S. 709; 33
L. 598; 5 W. & P. 4759.

Same — Reasonably prudent and cautious man. — See 5 W. & P.
4759.

Same — Required by circumstances. — See 35 A. R. 748; 48 A. R.
213; 60 A. R. 346; 4 A. S. 608; 11 A. S. 541; 38 A. S. 830; 22 L.
606;. 42 L. ed. 491; 5 W. & P. 4759.

Same — Required by duty. — ^See 49 A. D. 239; 58 A. S. 709; 33 L.
598; 5 W. & P. 4760.

As want of care and caution. — See 7 A. S. 751; 5 W. & P.
4762.

As want of care and diligence. — See 5 W. & P. 4762.
As want of care and prudence. — See 5 W. & P. 4762.
Same — Man of ordinary intelligence. — See 5 W. & P. 4762.
As want of diligence. — See 5 W. & P. 4748.

As want of ordinary and reasonable care. — See 5 W. & P.
4761.

934



\-^



Pt III.] LIABILITY FOR NEGLIGENCE. § 1714

AS want of ordinary care.-See 28 A. R. 29; 52 A. R. 468; 90
A. S. 564; 34 L. 812; 61 L. 277; 5 W. & P. 4761

As want of ordinary care and caution.— See 5 W & P. 476-

As want of ordinary care and diligence.-See 5 W. & P. 4*6..
As want of ordinary care and prudence.— See 5 W. & P. 4/b-.

As want of prudence.— See 5 W. & P. 4762. . ^ „ ^ 4761

As want of reasonable care.-See 59 A. D 72 5 W. & P. 4761.

As wrongful conduct spring from inadvertence.— See 8 A.
S. 911; 5 W. & P. 4763.

Assumption of risk incident to employment-As to, see Kerr s
Cvc C C. ? 1970 and note.

same-Minor child's assumption of risk incident to employ-
ment, whetlier questions of fact— As to.— See Kerr s Cyc. C. C.

^ 'Tttractivrnegligence." doctrine of as applied to injury from
hot water or ashes. — See 3 L. N. S. 149.

Bank, liability of for negligence in making collections.— See

52 L. 700. , , ^,1 a ^ a 7

Bathhouse— Liability of for loss of guests' valuables.-See 6 L.

N S 828
■game— Care required from proprietor of.— See 3 L. N. S. 982

Bills of particulars in actions for negligence.-See 3 A C^,^-

Breach of warranty, personal injuries as element of damages
for.— See 3 L. N. S. 1047. i a n 770

Burden of proof— As to generally, see 1 A. C. 613_; 1 A. C. 7^9.

Same— Sufficiency of proof of when passenger is injured.- bee

62 A. D. 679. o a /-■ -7

Care and prudence required in general.- See 3 A. C. ot.

Care due to sick or otherwise helpless person, to whom no
contract relation is sustained.— See 69 L. 513-554.

Care to be exercised by person injured ^^y-— See 23 A. R. -5.

Carelessness synonymous with.— See 1 W. & P. 973; 5 W. & P.

4746 o 1 T

Carrier, right to exempt itself from liability for.— See 1 L.

^ Causing death or injury— As to generally, see 3 L. N. S. 53; 6
L N S. 283; 6 L. N. S. 800.

•same-Applicability of doctrine of J-e^/f^,,,^^^^"^'"'' ^"
absence of contractual relations.— See 6 L- N. S. 800.

Same— Dangerous agencies.— See 3 L. N. S. 330, 3 L. N. S.

1038; 4 L. N. S. 119. „ . tvt a aa<x- 4 t k S

Same— Dangerous attractions.— See 3 L. N. S. 449, 4 L. N. S.

880

Same-Dangerous premises.-See 1 L. N. S. 427; 1 L. N. S. 596;

3 L. N. S. 1132; 5 L. N. S. 733; 12 L. N. 8^721

Same— Injury to or loss of property.— See 3 L. N. S. 348, b i.. iN.
S. 243; 6 L. N. S. 828.

935



§ 1714 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.

Same — Negligence of manufacturer. — See 1 L. N. S. 178; 2
L. N. S. 303; 3 L. N. S. 1047; 5 L. N. S. 1103.

Same — Negligence of third person as affecting. — See 2 L. N. S.
556; 2 L. N. S. 799; 6 L. N. S. 306; 10 L. N. S. 942.

Same — On highways, private ways, or waterways. — See 5 L.
N. S. 252; 6 L. N. S. 310; 7 L. N. S. 920; 10 L. N. S. 845-856; 12 L.
N. S. 1152.

Same — Violation of statute or ordinance. — See 5 L. N. S. 253; 7
L. N. S. 335; 9 L. N. S. 339.

Child, dl templing to cross street car tracks, what acts of are
contributory negligence as matter of law. — See 11 L. N. S. 166.

Child, question of contributory negligence of, is for jury when.
— See 3 Lr. 385; 17 L. 79.

Child, tort generally, see 4 L. 127; 8 L. 42; 14 L. 781.

Child's tort, negligence of parent as affecting his liability
for. — See 10 L. N. S. 942.

Collision on highway, rule of the road — As to generally, see 11
L. 33; 47 L. 293.

Concurrent of two or mofe persons resulting in injury to a
third. — See 16 A. S. 250.

Concurring negligence of third person, effect of. — See 17 L.
33-38.

Consequences for wliich person guilty of is liable. — See 96 A.
D. 649.

Contagious disease, liability for communicating. — See 19 L.
175.

Contract, negligent breach of. — See 12 L. N. S. 924.

Contractor, liability to third person for defects in work after
completion and acceptance. — See 25 L. 504.

Contributory — And the general principles of law applicable to.
— See 55 A. D. 666.

Same — As a defense and effect of. — See 3 L. 385; 3 L. 594; 4 L.
126; 4 L. 239; 4 L. 263; 5 L. 787; 6 L. 194; 7 L. 678; 8 L. 783; 9 L.
640; 11 L. 130; 12 L. 279.

Same — As defense to one employing child under statutory age.
—See 12 L. N. S. 461.

Same — As question for jury. — See 6 L. 214.

Same — Back-water of stream, as affecting liability for. — See
59 L. 904.

Same — Burden of disproving. — See 58 A. R. 229.

Same — Same — When must be assumed by plaintiff. — See 39 A.
R. 511.

Same — Burden of proof as to. — See 28 A. R. 563.

Same — Distinguished. — See 5 W. & P. 4746.

Same — Doctrine of "last clear chance". — See 55 L. 418.

Same — Effect of on right of action for violation of statute not
expressly conferring it. — See 9 L. N. S. 342.

936 •



J



pt. III.] LIABILITY FOR NEGLIGENCE. § 1714

Same — Error of judgment, in case of danger. — See 6 L. 195; 7
L. 843; 11 L. 131.

Same — Failure of person insured to remove cause of injury,
as affecting- right to recover. — See 3 L. N. S. 1092.

Same — Imputed negligence — As to generally, see 1 L. 152; 3
L. 385; 6 L. 143; 6 L. 545; 8 L. 494, 495; 9 L. 157; 14 L. 733; 17 L.
79; 21 L. 76-82; 22 L. 460.

Same — In attempt to preserve human life. — See 25 A. R. 164.

Same — In touching electric wire. — See 31 L. 589; 32 L. 403.

Same — Intoxication as. — See 25 A. S. 39.

Same — In use of a street known to be out of repair. — See 44
A. R. 276.

Same — Must be proximate cause of injury. — See 7 L. 132; 12 L.
280.

Same — Navigation, in case of injuries by. — See 64 L. 987.

Same — Question of, of child for jury when. — See 3 L. 385; 17
L. 79.

Same — Of child. — See 3 L. 385; 4 L. 127; 6 L. 536; 8 L. 842;
10 L. 654; 12 L. 216; 17 L. 79.

Same — Same — How questions as to child's sui juris determined.
— See 10 L. 655.

Same — Of children, when does not preclude a recovery for
injuries to.— See 55 A. R. 864.

Same— Of parent, effect of to defeat the recovery for injury
or death of child. — See 10 L. 653; 17 L. 79.

Same — Parent guilty of in permitting child to play on side-
walk, when. — See 10 L. 654.

Same — Test of. — See 11 L. 131; 13 L. 729.

Same — Trespasser, of, effect to defeat recovery against rail-
road.— See 10 L. 140.

Same — Violation of rule which conflicts with other rules or
ordinances, as. — See 9 L. N. S. 972.

Same — Voluntarily incurring danger to save another's life.
— See 49 L. 715.

Same — "What acts of child are, in attempting to cross street
car tracks, as matter of law. — See 11 L. N. S. 166.

Same — What is and when prevents a recovery. — See 8 A. S.
849.

Same — What is and what is not. — See 32 A. R. 98.

Same — When does not bar a recovery. — See 30 A. R. 190; 38
A. R. 637.

Corporations, standard or degree of care directors are bound
to exercise. — See 55 L. 755.

Counties, liability of for. — See 39 L. 33.

Criminal negligence — Definition of. — See 3 L. 644; 2 W. &
P. 1750.

Same — Negligent homicide. — See 61 L. 277; 61 L. 298; 63 L. 292.

Same — Not computed to master. — See 3 L. 644.

937



§ 1714 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.

Damage — Necessity for resultant. — See 2 A. C. 802.

Damming back water of stream, contributory negligence as
affecting liability for. — See 59 L. 904.

Dangerous agencies, liability for negligence in connection
■with.— See 3 L. N. S. 330; 3 L. N. S. 1038; 4 L. N. S. 119.

Dangerous premises — As to. — See 5 L. 580; 5 L. 794; 7 L. 620;
9 L. 640; 11 L. 361; 12 L. 189; 15 L. 35; 15 L. 160; 26 L. 200; 26
L. 686-693; 29 L.'l54-161; 34 L. 577; 39 L. 70; 46 L. 59.

Sair.e — Land owner's liability to persons injured by. — ^See 31
A. S. 524.

Same — Liability for injuries on. — See 1 L. N. S. 427; 1 L. N. S.
596; 3 L. N. S. 1132; 5 L. N. S. 733; 12 L. N. S. 721.

Defective machinery, liability of manufacturer of dangerous. —
See 5 L. N. S. 1103.

Defective tool, liability for manufacture of. — See 2 L. N. S. 303.

Definition of.— See 7 A. C. 1126; 1 A. S. 526; 39 A. S. 261;
5 W. & P. 4743.

Degrees of.— See 11 L. 689; 23 L. ed. 374; 5 W. & P. 4747.

Diligence required when a human life is involved. — See 77 A.
S. 26.

Disobedience of statute of ordinance, liability for injury re-
sulting.— See 5 L. N. S. 253; 7 L. N. S. 335; 9 L. N. S. 339.

Duty as an essential element of. — See 12 L. 322.

Duty of owner of premises to licensee. — See 1 A. C. 209.

Educational institution, liability for negligence of instructor
causing injury to pupil. — See 2 L. N. S. 556.

Effect of judgment in favor of party charged with, upon
liability of co-defendant for same act of negligence. — See 2 L.
N. S. 764.

Effect on right to equitable relief from contract by which
one has been overreached. — See 5 L. N. S. 799.

Electric wire — Contributory negligence in touching. — See 31
L. 529; 32 L. 503.

Error of judgment in case of danger. — See 6 L. 195; 7 L. 843;
11 L. 131.
^Essential elements of actionable negligence. — See 1 A. C. 206.
'Evidence — As to generally, see 8 A. C. 1041; 10 A. C. 1046.

Same — Admissibility in action for negligence of evidence of
absence of prior accident. — See 5 A. C. 1014.

Same — Burden of proof. — See 1 A. C. 613; 1 A. C. 779.

Evidence of other accidents, when admissible. — See 44 A. R.
694.

Evidence of subsequent repairs. — See 50 A. R. 53.

Evidence of usage and custom on questions of, admissibility. —
See 10 L. 366.

Excavations on uninclosed land near highway, duty to tres-
passer with respect to. — See 5 L. N. S. 733.

Exhibition or place of amusement to which the public are

938



i



Pt III.] LIABILITY FOR NEGLIGENCE. § 1714

invited, liability of proprietor for. safety of persons visiting.—
See 1 L. N. S. 427; 3 L. N. S. 1132.

Fault implied.— See 26 A. S. 308; 5 W. & P. 4751.

Fire, as to use of. — See 21 L. 255.

Fireworks, negligence in displaying. — See 3 L. N. S. 330.

Food or drugs, liability of vendor for sale of unwholesome.—
See 21 L. 139.

Foreseeing effect. — See 5 W. & P. 4751.

Former accidents, whether admissible as evidence of. — See 57

A. R. 812.

Function of court and jury, respectively. — See 5 A. C. 171;

9 A. C. 282.

Gas, respecting the escape and explosion of. — See 29 L. 337.
Gun's and similar dangerous agencies, in respect to.— See 14

L. 675.

Habits of person injured, when may be considered m deter-
mining.— See 34 A. R. 691. .
Illness of person injured as proximate cause of injury. — See
2 A. C. 734.

Imminently dangerous acts. — See 13 L. 765.
Imputed— As to generally, see 110 A. S. 278; 8 L. 494.
Same — Of driver to passengers. — See 1 L. 152; 6 L. 143; 9 L.
157: 8 L. N. S. 597-671.

Same— Of husband to wife, as bar to recovery.— See 22 L. 460.
Same — Same — When riding with him. — See 14 L. 743.
Same— Of parent or custodian, as bar to action by child for
negligent injuries. — See 21 L. 76.

Same— Of parent to child.— See 3 A. C. 385; 6 L. 545; 8 L. 495;
17 L. 79.

Incompetency distinguished. — See 5 W. & P. 4752.
In dealing with children. — See 49 A. S. 406.

In respect to guns and similar dangerous agencies. — See 14
L. 675.

Insane person, liability of. — See 26 L. 154.

Instructions on action for, as to generally, see 5 A. C. 448;
S A. C. 1087.

In the use of electricity. — See 100 A. S. 518, 527.
Intent distinguished.— See 54 A. R. 437; 8 L. 135; 5 W. & P.
4752.

Intervening cause — As to generally, see 1 A. C. 346; 9 A. C. 318.
Intoxicated persons, care due to. — See 25 A. S. 44.
Intoxication as affecting. — See 40 L. 133-146.

Judgments, equitable relief from, when barred by. — See 53 A.
S. 444.

Judgment^ error of, in case of danger. — See 6 L. 195; 7 L. 843;

11 L. 131.

•Knowledge of duty.— See 5 W. & P. 4750.
Laches synonymous with. — See 5 W. & P. 4753.

939



§ 1714 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.

"Last clear chance" — Doctrine of. — See 55 L. 418.

Same — Same — As affected by question whether negligence of
plaintiff or deceased and of defendant was concurrent. — See 7
L. N. S. 132.

Lateral support, liability for injuries to buildings on adjoin-
ing ground for removal of. — See 6 L. N. S. 243.

Leaving horse unhitched in highway, liability. — See 10 L. N.
S. 845-856.

Liability of land owner — For injury to trespassing child on
accouriL' ui ungiuirded pool, pond, well, etc. — See 7 A. C. 200.

Same — To trespassing child injured by dangerous substances
on premises. — See 5 A. C 503.

Liability of owner of premises to public officer who goes on
premises in discharge of official duties. — See 9 A. C. 1123.

Liability of remote wrongdoer for damages caused by. — See
57 A. D. 461.

Licensees, liability of land owner for injuries to. — See 23 A. R.
183; 26 A. R. 562; 42 A. R. 315.

Limit of liability for, to direct consequences. — See 13 L. 293.

Livery stable keeper, liability for loss of patron's property. —
See 3 L. N. S. 348.

Malice distinguished.— See 5 W. & P. 4753.

Manufacturer, liability of for dangerous articles. — See 15 Li.
818.

Manufacturer or seller, liability for negligence.— See 1 L. N.
S. 1178; 2 L. N. S. 203; 3 L. N. S. 1047: 5 L. N. S. 1303.

Medical treatment, aggravation of injuries by. — See 50 A. R.
603.

Misfeasance distinguished. — See 5 W. & P. 4753.

Navigation, contributory negligence in case of injuries by. —
See 64 L. 987.

Necessity for resultant damage. — See 2 A. C. 802.

Negligence of railroad company as proximate cause of dam-
age by fire as affected by consideration of time and distance
traveled by fire. — See 3 A. C. 386.

Negligent breach of contract. — See 12 L. N. S. 924.

Negligent discharge of fire arms — Civil liability for. — See 4
L. N. S. 119.

Same — Liability for injuries to trespassers. — See 10 L. N. .S.
1038.

Non-compliance with statute as affecting. — See 21 L. 723; 28
L. 749.

Noxious vegetation and weeds, liability of owner or occupant
of land for spreading unto adjoining premises. — See 52 L. 293.

Objects calculated to frighten horses, liability for placing near
highway. — See 12 L. N. S. 1152.

Objects suspended over street, liability for injury from fall of.
— See 1 L. N. S. 721.

940



Pt. III.] LIABILITY FOR NEGLIGENCE. § 1714

Of driver of veliicle, whether imputable to his passenger. —
See 23 A. R. 4; 54 A. R. 135; 57 A. R. 488.

Officers of corporation, liability of for corporation's negli-
gence. — See 28 L. 427.

Of passenger on railways in projecting a member of his body
out of a car window. — See 116 A. S. 721.

Operation of street railway cars in violation of n^unicipal
ordinance as negligence per se. — See 9 A. C. 840.

Parent — Guilty of contributory negligence in permitting child
to play on sidewalk when. — See 10 L. 654.

Same — Negligence of as affecting liability for tort of cliild. —
See 10 L. N. S. 942.

Parent's negligence, effect of to defeat liis right to recover for
injury or death of child. — See 10 L. 553: 17 L. 779.

Partnersliip, liability of for. — See 51 L. 477.

Person in charge of train has right to presume that child
will get out of danger. — See 6 L. N. S. 283.

Persons of ordinary prudence and care. — See 5 W. & P. 4744.'

Persons to whom duty due — As to generally, see 1 A. C. 206;
7 A. C. 196.

Same — Licensee. — See 1 A. C. 209.

Same — Public officer, who goes on premises in discharge of
official duty. — See 9 A. C. 1123.

Same — Trespassing children — Injured by dangerous substances
upon premises. — See 5 A. C. 503.

Same — Same — To on account of unguarded pond, pool, well,
etc. — See 7 A. C. 200.

Physical injury resulting from fright caused by negligence,
right to recover for. — See 3 L. N. S. 53.

Pleading in action for negligence — Bill of particulars in action
for negligence. — See 3 A. C. 161.

Same — Requisites of. — See 1 A. C. 206; 7 A. C. 531.

Presumption of, for occurrence of accident to person on de-
fendant's premises. — See 15 L. 35.

Presumption of,, from an accident or .injury. — See 43 A. R. 73;
6 A. S. 792; 113 A." S. 986.

Principal, negligence of as affecting real estate broker's right
to commission. — See 43 L. 593.

Private grounds lying open beside highway or frequented
path, liability for dangerous condition of. — See 26 L. 686.

Private sanitarium, liability of proprietor for negligence of
nurse.— See 6 L. N. S. 306.

Privity necessary to sustain a recovery for. — See 42 A. R. 15;
100 A. S. 192.

Privity of contract as an element of actionable negligence. —
See 1 A. C. 755.

Privity, right to recover in the absence of. — 100 A. S. 192.

Proximate and remote causes of injury from. — See 50 A. R.

941



§ 1714 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.

569; 36 A. S. 807; 2 L. 695; 5 L. 786; 6 L. 194; 7 L. 130; 8 L. 32;
12 L. 279; 13 L. 733.

Proximate cause and intervening condition. — See 1 A. C. 230.

Proximate cause and natural consequences — As to generally,
see 1 A. C. 613; 3 A. C. 57; 4 A. C. 150; 5 A. C. 578; 8 A. C. 435.

Proximate cause, of what subsequent injuries deemed to be. —
See 47 A. R. 381.

Real estate broker — Negligence of as affecting right to com-
mission. — See 45 L. 39.

Samp— Negligence of principal as affecting right to commis-
sion.— See 42 i-. S'iS.

Recklessness, effect of to supply want of specific intent. — See
6 L. 244.

Relation of tiespass and imwarrantable interference.- — See 13
L. 765.

Repairs after an accident, whether admissible as evidence of
prior negligence. — See 57 A. R. 183; 18 A. S. 307.

Res ipsa loquitur, application of doctrine on in absence of
contractual relations. — See 6 L. N. S. 800.

Right to recover for when there is no privity. — See 100 A. S.
192.

School district or school corporation, liability to action for
damages from. — See 27 L. 301.

Seller of article, liability of for. — See 1 L. N. S. 1178; 2 L. N.
S. 203; 3 L. N. S. 1047; 5 L. N. S. 1303.

Sidewalk — Parent guilty of contributory negligence in per-
mitting child to play on. — See 10 L. 654.

Statute of limitation — Begins to run against action for, of
attorney in performing professional duties when. — See 12 L. N.
S. 1005.

Same — Effect of negligence to stop running of. — See 1 L. 319.

Steamer, duty to avoid imperiling small boats by swells. —
See 7 L. N. S. 920.

Third person, negligence of, liability for. — See 2 L. N. S. 199;
2 L. N. S. 556; 6 L. N. S.«306; 10 L. N. S. 942. .

Trespasser — Contributory negligence of, effect to defeat recov-
ery against railroad. — See 10 L. 140.

Same — Killed by means of spring guns, traps, or other dan-
gerous instrument, liability for. — See 29 L. 154.

Same — Liability of for negligence of servants. — See 63 L. 227.

Trustee to sell real estate, negligence of and care demanded. —
See 3 L. N. S. 415.

Turntables, liability of railroad companies for injuries to
children playing on. — See 4 L. N. S. 80.

Vendor for sale of unwholesome food or drugs, liability. — See
31 L. 129.

Violation of a statutory duty as foundation for action of neg-
ligence. — See 10 A. C. 294.

942



p^ jjj -J OTHER OBJECTIONS. § 1715

Violation of statute or ordinance not intended for plaintiffs



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