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The codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) online

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benefit as actional^le negligence.-See 9 A a 42..

Voluntarily incurring damage to save the life of another.

See 49 L. 715. „ , j -oi

warehouse men. liability of for negligence.— See 7 i.. o6i.
waters storTd ^r confined, liability for damages in escapmg

°"wr:ds^^ntitf vegetation, liability of owner or oct

of land for spreading unto ad^o^-" ^ ^ ""AT- r 5^ 5 W &
Wilfulness distinguished.— See 46 A. S. 299, 2. L. o5., t. w.

P. 4763.

§1715. OTHER OBLIGATIONS. Other obligations are
prescribed by divisions one and two of this code.

History: Enacted March 21. 1872. amended by Code Commis-
sion Act March 16, 1901. Stats, and Amdts. 1900-1. p. 409. held
unconstitutional, see history. § 4 ante.



L



943



§1721



CIVIL CODE.



[Div.III.Pt.IV.



PART IV.

OBLIGATIONS ARISING FROM PARTICULAR TRANS-
ACTIONS.

Title I. Sale, §§ 1721-1798.

II. Exchange, §§ 1804-1807.

III. Deposit, §§ 1813-1878.

IV. Loan, §§ 1884-1920.
V. Hiring, §§1925-1959.

VL Service, §§1965-2079.

yn. Carriage, §§ 2085-2209.

VIII. Trusts, §§ 2215-2289.

' IX. Agency, §§ 2295-2389.

X. Partnership, §§ 2395-2520.

XI. Insurance, §§ 2527-2766.

XII. Indemnity, §§2772-2781.

XIII. Guaranty, §§ 27^7-2866.

XIV. Lien, §§2872-3080.

XV. Negotiable Instruments, §§3086-3262.
XVI. General Provisions, § 3268.



TITLE I.

SALE.

Chapter I. General Provisions, §§ 1721-1741.

n. Rights and Obligations of the Seller, §§ 1748-1778.

III. Rights and Obligations of the Buyer, §§ 1784-1786.

IV. Sale by Auction, §§ 1792-1798.



11



944



Tit.I,ch.I,art.I.] SALES, GENERALLY. §1721



CHAPTER I.
GENERAL PROVISIONS.



Article I. Sale, §§ 1721, 1722.

II. Agreement for Sale, §§ 1726-1734.
III. Form of the Contract, §§ 1739-1741.



ARTICLE I.

SALE.

§ 1721. Sale, what.

§ 1722. Subject of sale.

§ 1721. SALE, WHAT. Sale is a contract by which, for a
pecuniary consideration, called a price, one transfers to
another an interest in property.

History: Enacted Ma^rch 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 56 pars, annotation.

97 C^ 70 71 31 P. 733 (referred to); 99 C. 89, 93, 37 A. S. 3.,
33 P. 737, 738 '(construed); 149 C. 496, 499 (erroneously cited for
§1421), 8*6 P. 1081, 1082 (correct citation).
SALES — GENERALLY.

As to accord and satisfaction, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 1521-

1524 and notes. <-. n S1707

As to offer and acceptance, etc., see Kerr s Cyc. C. C. § 17.7

and note.

As to options, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1727 a"d note.

As to what constitutes, see 8 A. C. 502; 8 L. N. S. 937, 11 L.

N S 872

As to What constitutes pledge, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2086,

2987 and notes. ^5

Acceptance— And delivery of goods which will satisfy.— bee

49 A. D. 325; 37 A. R. 16; 96 A. S. 215. 11 t m ^

Same— As satisfying statute of frauds, when.— See 11 L. N. b.

1 1 Rfi

Same— Before agreement as to purchase price, as assent to
seller's price.— See 11 L. N. S. 254. 1114. in

Same-Effect of.-See 12 L. 399; 54 L. 718; 7 L. N. S. 1114, 10
L. N. S. 638; 11 L. N. Si 254; 11 L. N. S. 1186.

945



§ 1721 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

Same — Effect of as a waiver of damages for delay in deliv-
ery.— See 7 L. N. S. 1114.

Same — Of goods manufactured to order. — See 5 L. 702.

Same — Of offer to buy or sell. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1727
and note.

Same — Refusal of, remedy of conditional vendor for. — See 68
L. 120.

Same — Right to retain goods and defeat action for price on
discovering that they do not comply with requirements of con-
tract. - -Ree 4 L. N. S. 1167.

Same — SuDseiiLient, effect of to take sale out of statute of
frauds. — See 10 L. N. S. 638.

Action for price before expiration of credit given. — See 3 L.
N. S. 908.

Application of warranty in contract of sale to goods not in
existence when contract is made. — See 6 A. C. 115.

Article bought for special purpose, implied warranty of fit-
ness. — See 22 L. 187-197.

Bailment and sale distinguished. — See 2 A. S. 711-713.

Between parties in fiduciary relation. — See 2 A. C. 873.

Bicycles as subjects of. — See 47 L. 305.

Breach of warranty — Change of condition of chattel, effect of
upon right to return for. — See 3 L. N. S. 678.

Same — Does it extend to obvious defects. — See 12 L. N. S. 82.

Same^ — Provision for return of defective goods, effect upon
buyer's right to recover for breach of warranty, express or im-
plied. — See 12 L. N. S. 540.

Same — Right of purchaser who has resold to recover for
breach of warranty as to quantity or quality where he has not
actually made good to his vendees. — See 3 L. N. S. 465.

Same — Waiver of notice of defects. — See 1 L. N. S. 142.

Buyer's risk. — See 75 A. S. 77.

Caveat emptor, rule of, when inapplicable. — See 90 A. D. 426.

Conditional — As to law governing, see 64 L. 833.

Same — Constructive notice of by records. — See 10 L. 236.

Same — Distinguishing from mortgages. — See 1 A. S. 63.

Same — Effect of as against third parties. — See 57 A. R. 572.

Same — On installment plan, contract of lease. — See 9 L. 373;
10 L. 233; 12 L. 446.

Same — Purchaser of property held under. — See 42 A. R. 105.

Same— Reservation of title— In bailments for sale, as against
creditors of bailor and bailee. — See 22 L. 850.

Same— Same — To property as affecting negotiable note for
purchase price. — See 43 L. 277.

Same— Rights and liabilities of vendor and purchaser, on
default of payment. — See 32 L. 455-471.

Same— Rights of seller to recover amount unpaid where prop-
erty lost or destroyed without fault of purchaser.— See 2 L. N.
S. 927.

946



4



Tit.I,Cll.I,art.I.] SALES. GENERALLY. § 1721

Same-Upon the final payment of the purchase price—See 37

A. R. 664; 40 A. R. 21.

Same— Validity of, as against creditors, etc.— See 12 L. <0..
lame-waiver of condition by transfer of title and change of

'irm^:-W;ft'constUules; distinguishes from bailment.-See 46
A S 295- 94 A. S. 234; 10 L. 233.

Conditioned that title shall remain in the vendor until pay-
ment, when, and against whom fraudulent.-See 58 A. R. 386.

Conflict of laws as to— Generally, see 64 L. 823.

Same— As to sale of intoxicating liquors, see 61 L- 41'-

Consignment of property for. when vests title.-See 4o A. S.

""construction and effect of -strike" clause in contract of sale
nnrl deliverv. — See 9 L. N. S. 1187.

Contracts!l"Of sale or lease" providing for payment by in-
stallments.— See 89 A. D. 127.

Same-Or deed may be agreed to be made.-See Kerr s C>c,

C. C. § 1731 and note. a q t 17"

Same— Or lease as a condition sale.— See 9 L. rf.u.
Copyrighted articles, restriction on sale or use of.-See 5d

^ cllporate stock, implied warranty on sale of.-See 10 AC. 168
counterclaim for- defects, effect of setting up in an action on
one of a series of notes given for, or to recover an installment
o^ the purchase price, upon the ri^ht to set up like counter-
claim in subsequent actions.— See 10 L. N. S. <3 4.

Countermanding or terminating executory contracts of b>
the vendor.— See 33 A. S. 791; 94 A. S. 119.

Damages-As to, generally, see "Measure of damages, this

"°Same— For breach of implied warranty.— See 13 L. 385.

Same— For sale of article that has no market value.— See 57

^'same-Loss of proceeds of sale or P^rchase.-See 52 L. 209^
Same-Measure of for breach of warranty of title to goods

sold.— See 7 A. C. 937. , t -sq

Same— On breach by purchaser.— See 3 L. obJ.

Same— On breach by seller.— See 3 L. 589.

Same— Recovery of for personal injuries m action for breach
of warranty.— See 5 A. C. 588. o oq t vns

Death of party, effect on contract of sale.-See 23 K 708.

Delivery of goods— As to. generally, see 3 A. C. 903. b a.

^' sime— Reasonableness of time for delivery of goods sold, as
question of law or fact.— See 6 A. C. 245.

Deposit of grain in warehouse as bailment or sale.— bee

A. C. 1074.

947



g ^721 CIVIL, CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

-J
Description, implied warranty on sale by. — ^See 14 L. 492.
Differences between and bailments. — See 2 A. S. 711.
Distinguished from bailment. — See 10 L. 233.
Distinguished from contract to manufacture. — See 6 L. 788;

14 L. 723.

Duties rights and remedies of parties — As to, generally, see
2 L. 519; 3 L. 589; 11 L. 681: 15 L. 834; 17 L. 209; 20 L. 259;
21 L. 127; 21 L. 139; 24 L. 212; 50 L. 714; 52 L. 209; 52 L. 690;
59 L. 737; 61 L. 417.

San: Kffect of contract to ship f. o. b. — See 62 L. 795-805.

Same — Liability of purchaser on illegal sale of intoxicating
liquors.— See 24 L. 212; 61 L. 417.

Same — Pre-existing debt as consideration for bona fide pur-
chase of property not negotiable. — See 36 L. 161-167.

Same — Rescission for fraud. — See 1 L. 618; 2 L. 153; 4 L. 368;
6 L. 151; 9 L. 611; 14 L.'264; 15 L. 189; 15 L. 795; 21 L. 135;
51 L. 484; 64 L. 827.

Same — Restrictions on sale or use of property as affecting
purchaser. — See 55 L. 631-639.

Same — Stoppage in transitu — As to generally, see 3 L. 647; 4
L. 732; 11 L. 347.

Same — Same — Waiver of by attachment or execution. — See
50 L. 714-721.

Effect of, as ademption of legacy. — See 1 L. 204.

Election of remedies in case of fraudulent purchase. — See

15 L. 89.

Express warranty. — See "Warranty — Express," this note.

Extent of liability for breach of implied warranty. — See 4
A. C. 1123.

F. o. b. — Effect of contract to ship goods. — See 62 L. 795-805.

Same— Meaning of.— See 9 A. S. 199; 33 L. ed. 405; 3 W. &
P. 2966.

Same — Which party is to furnish cars under a contract for
shipment.— See 6 L. N. S. 928.

Food produce, implied warranty on sale of. — See 4 A. C. 1123,
1124.

Fraud, purchase by insolvent with intention not to pay. — See
53 A. R. 449.

Fraudulent concealment by vendor, effect of. — See 15 A. D. 106.

Fraudulent purchase, when entitles vendor to reclaim the
goods. — See 33 A. D. 702.

"Good," effect of representing thing sold to be. — See 15 L. 795.

Goods, sale and delivery of, admissibility of books of account
to prove. — See 52 L. 690.

Having in view the subsequent violation of foreign or domes-
tic law. — See 32 A. S. 450.

Implied warranty. — See "Warranty — Implied," this note.

Same — On sale of corporate stock. — See 11 A. C. 168.

948



Tit.I,ch.I,art.I.] sales, generally. § 1721

Insolvents, purchases by, when deemed fraudulent. — See 27
A. R. 504.

Knowledge by vendor that the property is to be used for an
unlawful purpose, whether prevents his recovery of the pur-
chase price. — See 32 A. R. 122.

Larceny, sale of another's property as. — See 10 L. N. S. 816.

Latent defects, implied warranty that article is free from. —
See 22 L. 193.

Liability — ^For loss of or damage to personal property pend-
ing exercise of option to buy. — See 6 L. N. S. 273.

Same — Fraudulently concealing defects in article causing
injury to stranger by reason of defect. — See 5 A. C. 128.

Same — Of seller for injury caused by explosion. — See 5 A.
C. 181.

Same — Of seller of article known to be dangerous by reason
of concealed defects.— See 5 A. C. 124, 128; 5 A. C. 181.

Lien of vendor of personalty. — See 83 A. S. 451.

Loan of intoxicating liquors as a. — See 8 L. N. S. 937.

Loss during transit, who must bear. — See 26 A. S. 451.

Loss of proceeds of sale or purchase as damages. — See 52
L. 209.

Loss of property after but before payment, who must bear. —
See 22 A. S. 866.

Measure of damages — For breach of contract for sale of goods
deliverable in installments. — See 6 A. C. 164, 166.

Same — For breach of implied warranty. — See 18 L. 385.

Same — For breach of warranty of title to goods sold. — See 7
A. C. 937.

Same — On breach by purchaser. — See 3 L. 589.

Same — On breach by seller. — See 3 L. 589.

Same — Price at which goods are resold as affecting for breach
of warranty as to quality. — See 5 L. N. S. 1151.

Same — Recoverable by vendor for breach of contract to pur-
chase article to be manufactured. — See 7 A. C. 1175.

Misrepresentation by vendor of price paid for property, as*
actionable deceit. — See 8 A. C. 1062; also note § 1709 ante.

Necessity of writing to make binding commission to pur-
chase personal property. — See 11 L. N. S. 650.

Negatives or engraved plates, use without consent of party
who has paid for same. — See 50 L. 397.

Of articles to be manufactured, title, when does not pass
though payment has been made. — See 40 A. R. 173.

Of business, effect to carry with it good will. — See 3 L. 769.

Of chattels — By sample. — See 7 A. D. 125.

Same — Implied warranties arising from. — See 6 A. D. 113.

Same — Not in being. — See 4 A. D. 560.

Same — Possession, retention of by the vendor. — See 14 A. D.
383.

949



§ ;1^721 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

Same — Quality, warranty of, what amounts to. — See 1 A.

D. 84.

Same — Warranty, of quality, when implied. — See 2 A. D. 220.

Same — With agreement that vendor may retain possession. —
See 6 A. D. 287.

Of future crops. — See 23 L. 449.

Of goods to be acquired. — See 4 L. 398.

Of personal property to be delivered in the future, and stat-
utes rut;-.;'r!ting or prohibiting. — See 1 A. S. 752.

Of personalty, delivery of, when does not pass title. — See 120
A. S. 868.

Of property — Manufactured to order, and remedies of the
manufacturer when the purchaser refuses to accept. — See 56
A. D. 642.

Same — Not in existence. — See 81 A. S. 42.

Of trade-mark. — See 1 L. N. S. 704.

Of unsound and noxious food, liability of the vendor for. —
See 73 A. D. 165.

Offer to buy or sell. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1727 and note.

Options— As to, generally, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 1229, 1727
and notes.

Same — To buy, liability for loss or damage of personal prop-
erty pending exercise of. — See 6 L. N. S. 273.

Oral warranty, as to, see 12 L. 694.

Partnership, liability of for fraud — In purchase of property. —
See 51 L.. 484.

Same — In sale of property. — See 51 L. 485.

Patent right, prior use and sale of invention as affecting. —
See 1 L. 48.

Patented articles, restriction on sale or use of. — See 55 L. 633.

Payment or tender of price, as to, generally, see 3. A. C. 903;
6 A. C. 243; 7 A. C. 541.

Performance of executory contract for sale of personal prop-
erty after discovery of fr-aud, as affecting right to action for
damages. — See 7 A. C. 280.

Persons liable for breach of implied v^^arranty. — See 6 A. C.
237.

Place where deemed to have been made. — See 99 A. D. 670.

Possession, change of sufficient as against creditors and sub-
sequent purchasers. — See 97 A. D. 340.

Power of state to make invalid a purchase in a sale of gopds
for resale, forbidding purchaser to handle goods of other deal-
ers. — See 11 L. N. S. 968.

Same — Of another's property as larceny. — See 10 L. N. S. 816.

Pre-existing debt as consideration for bona fide purchase of
property not negotiable. — See 36 L. 161-167.

Recoupment of damages for breach of warranty. — See 1 L.
339.

950



Tit.I,cli.I,art.I.] sales, generally. § 1721

Refusal -to execute purchase money notes, effect of to give
vendor an immediate right of action. — See 12 L. N. S. 180.

Remedies of purcliaser — Action for breach of contract for
goods deliverable in installinents. — See 6 A. C. 60-63.

Same — Action for deceit — Misrepresentation by vendor of
price paid for property, as. — See 8 A. C. 1062.

Same — Measure of damages. — See 6 A. C. 164, 166.

Same — Performance of executory contract for sale of per-
sonalty after discovery of fraud, as affecting right of action
for damages. — See 7 A. C. 280.

Remedies of seller — Action for breacli of contract — Defenses.
—See 9 A. C. 188.

Same — Same — Measure of damages. — See 2 A. C. 997.

Same — Same — Same — Contract for goods to be manufactured.
— See 7 A. C. 1172, 1175.

Same — Same — Same — Evidence. — See 2 A. C. 997.

Same — Same — Same — Executory contract. — See 2 A. C. 814;
2 A. C. 997.

Same — Same — Same — Fixed charges.- — See 2 A. C. 997.

Same — Same — Same — Question for jury. — See 9 A. C. 1168.

Same — Same — Same — Value at place of delivery. — See 9 A. C.
188.

Same — Rescission of contract. — See 3 A. C. 898, 901.

Remedies of vendee for breach of warranty of quality. — See
54 A. D. 146.

Rescission — Bankruptcy proceedings, effect on prior actions
to rescind sale for fraud. — See 8 L. N. S. 1204.

Same — Burden of proof as to payment of value by, or notice
of fraud to, subvendee of chattels, when original seller seeks
to rescind for fraud of first purchaser. — See 8 L. N. S. 448.

Same — Effect of default in payment, followed by rescission,
as forfeiture of payment already made. — See 3 L. N. S. 785.

Same — For breach of warranty. — See 4 L. 370; 9 L. 611.

Same— For fraud.— See 1 L. 618; 2 L. 153; 14 L. 264; 64 L. 827.

Same — For fraud in purchase on credit. — See 18 A. S. 362.

Same — For gross ignorance or mistake respecting the value
of property. — See 54 A. R. 614.

Same — Notice to vendor as condition of right to refuse sub-
sequent deliveries after breach as to earlier deliveries. — See
8 L. N. S. 1110.

Same — Of contract for delivery of goods on account of non-
payment of installment. — See 3 A. C. 901.

Same — Return of goods requisite to replevin of property
obtained by fraudulent purchase. — See 1 L. N. S. 474.

Same — Tender as condition of for breach of warranty, cov-
ers all property sold. — See 8 L. N. S. 727.

Same — Waiver of fraud by coinpleting executory contract of
sale after discovering the fraud. — See 8 L. N. S. 452.

951



§ 1721 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

Resrictions on sale or use of property as affecting-purchaser.
— See 55 L. 631-639.

Return of article that does not comply with wari-anty neces-
sary to a recovery for breach. — See 1 L. 646.

Right of buyer to maintain separate action for non-delivery
of each installment under an entire contract. — See 3 L. N. S. 142.

Right to sell property while in custody of law. — See 11 L. N.
S. 1055.

Rights and liabilities of vendor and purchaser by conditional
sale on default u*' payment. — See 32 L. 455-471.

Rights and remedies of parties — As to, generally, see 1 L.
N. S. 242; 10 L. N. S. 1200; 12 L. N. S. 679.

Rule for measuring damages in action by vendee for breach
of contract for sale of goods deliverable in installments. — See
6 A. C. 166.

Rule of caveat emptor. — See 3 L. 441; 6 L. 73; 6 L. 375.

Sale in bulk, statutory requirements as to. — See 2 L. N. S.
331-341; 12 L. N. S. 174.

Sample, warranty on sale of goods by. — See 5 L. 702; 70
L. 653-665.

"Satisfactory," effect of stipulation that goods shall be. — See
1 L. 645; 17 L. 202.

Set-off, availability of breach of warranty as a. — See 10 L. 379.

Stoppage in transitu — As to, generally, see 29 A. D. 384; 19
A. R. 384; 1 A. S. 312.

Same — Right of, when terminates. — See 60 A. R. 51.

"Strike" clause in contract of sale and delivery, effect of. —
See 9 L. N. S. 1187.

Successive actions for breach of contract performable in
installments. — See 6 A. C. 63.

Tender of property to buyer who is in default in fixing date
for delivery and is not present at the agreed place. — See 2 L.
N. S. 529.

Title of owner not consenting to or participating in, when
may be devested by. — See 25 A. D. 665; 3 A. S. 196.

Title passes to buyer, when. — See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §1140
and note. '

Title passes when — As to, generally, see 1 L. 767; 2 L. 519;
3 L. 199; 10 L. 314; 17 L. 177; 70 L. 321; 2 L. N. S. 383; 2 L.
N. S. 1078; 5 L. N. S. 475; 8 L. N. S. 793; 11 L. N. S. 948.

Same — By delivery to carrier. — See 22 L. 415-429.

Same — Effect of attaching draft to bill of lading. — See 5 A.
C. 261, 263.

Same — Effect of payment of price in installments. — See 10
A. C. 137, 141.

Same — On goods sold from mass. — See 9 A. C. 25, 26.
Same— Where shipment C. O. D.— See 2 L. N. S. 383.

952



Tit.I,ch.I,art.I.] SALES, generally. § 1721

Title to vessel or article to be built or manufactured, when
passes by. — See 62 A. D. 65.

Transactions which constitute a sale and not a mortgage. —
See 1 L. 241; 6 L. 643.

Validity — Of a contract for purchase of indefinite quantity. —
See 15 L. 218.

Same — Of sale made in violation of law. — See 12 L. N. S. 595.

Vendee cannot resist payment on the ground that the sale
was made, to defraud creditors. — See 30 A. R. 517.

Warranty — As to, generally, see 64 L. 825.

Same — As to latent defects, see 3 L. 184.

Same — Before or after sale. — See 13 L. 678.

Same — Breach of — Availability of as a set-off. — See 10 L. 379.

Same — Same — In principal contract, as defense to a surety. —
See 21 L. 406.

Same — Same — Measure of damages for of implied. — See 18
L. 385.

Same — Same — Rescission for. — See 4 L. 370; 9 L. 611.

Same — Determination of question as to breacli. — See 5 A.
C. 960.

Same— Effect of on sale of expectancy by prospective heir. —
See 33 L. 274.

Same — Effect of representing things to be good. — See 15
L. 795.

Same — Effect of stipulation that goods shall be satisfactory.
— See 17 L. 208; also 1 L. 645.

Same — Express — As to, generally, see 6 L. 374.

Same — Same — As applicable to goods not in existence. — See
6 A. C. 109, 115.

Same — Same — As defense to prosecution. — See 6 A. C. 189.

Same — Same — Measure of damages for breach of. — See 5 A.
C. 586, 588; 7 A. C. 935, 937.

Same — Implied — As to, generally, see 6 A. C. 237; 10 A. C.
168; 6 L. 374; 6 L. 392.

Same — Same — By manufacturer or vendor of machinery or
apparatus, not in itself defective, of fitness for use under the
existing conditions. — See 6 L. N. S. 180.

Same — Same — Existence of on judicial sale. — See 3 L. 440.

Same — Same — Extent of liability for breach. — See 4 A. C. 1123.

Warranty — Same — Of fitness of property bought for special
purpose. — See 22 L. 187-197.

Same — Same — Of genuineness on sale of negotiable paper. —
See 36 L. 92.

Same — Same — Of quality in sales by description. — See 14 L.
492.

Same — Same — On a sale of chattels. — See 24 A. R. 181.

Same — Same — On sale of stock. — See 53 L. 153.

Same — Same — Persons liable for breach. — See 6 A. C. 237.

953



§ 1722 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

Same — Same— Sale of food produce. — See 4 A. C. 1123, 1124.

Same — Same — Upon sale of an article by the manufacturer. —
See 24 A. R. 104.

Same — Necessity to return an article that does not comply
with. — See 1 L. 646.

Same — Of goods by sample. — See 5 L. 702.

Warranty — Of quality, when implied. — See 55 A. D. 328; 102
A. S. 607.

Same — Of satisfaction. — See 1 L. 645; 17 L. 208.

Same - Of sounciness of horse. — See 3 L. 184; 12 L. 695.

Same — Of sounaness, what defects constitute breaches of. —
See 53 A. D. 173.

Same — Of soundness, when implied. — See 43 A. D. 680.

Same — Of title implied on the sale of personal property. —
See 62 A. D. 460.

Same — On sale by manufacturer. — See 6 L. 392.

Same — On sale of goods by sample. — See 70 L. 653-665.

Same — Oral, as to, generally, see 12 L. 694.

Same — Parol evidence to show outside of the contract. — See
5 A. S. 197.

Same — Personal injury as element of damages for breach of.
—See 3 L. N. S. 1047.

Same — Price at which goods are resold as affecting measure
of damages as to breach of, as to quality. — See 5 L. N. S. 1151.

Same — Recoupment of damages for breach of. — See 1 L. 339.

Same — Rescission of contract for breach of. — See 4 L. 370;
9 L. 611.

Same — Right on breach of. — See 1 L. N. S. 42; 3 L. N. S. 465;
11 L. N. S. 245; 12 L. N. S. 82.

What articles pass as appurtenances upon sale of chattels. —
See 8 L. N. S. 793.

What constitutes. — See 94 A. S. 209.

When purchaser acquires no title. — See 13 L. 717.

When title passes — To article contracted for, price to be paid
by installments during construction. — See 10 A. C. 141.



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