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§ 1984. MUST USE WHAT SKILL HE HAS. An employee
is always bound to use such skill as he possesses, so far as
the same is required, for the service specified.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended March 30, 1874,
Code Amdts. 1873-4, p. 247.

107 C. 206, 209, 40 P. 336 (applied).

As to responsibility of employee for substitute, see post § 1989.

§1985. WHAT BELONGS TO EMPLOYER. Everything
which an employee acquires by virtue of his employment,
except the compensation, if any, which is due to him from
his employer, belongs to the latter, whether acquired lawfully
or unlawfully, or during or after the expiration of the term
of his employment.

Hi.story: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 4 pars, annotation.

138 C. 634, 638, 85 A. S. 233, 66 P. 12 (referred to); 1 C. A. 121,
124, 81 P. 713 (applied to gold found by employee in excavating
mill-site).

As to aerolite found on land, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 659, note
par. 2.

As to inventions made by servant, rights of employer
thereto, see 52 A. S. 820.

1060



i



Tit.VI.ch.I.art.TIL] DUTY OF EMPLOYEE. §§ 1986-1989

§ 1986. DUTY TO ACCOUNT. An employee must, on de-
mand, render to his employer just accounts of all his trans-
actions in the course of his service, as often as may be rea-
sonable, and must, without demand, give prompt notice to
his employer of everything which he receives for his account.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

4 C. A. 347, 351, 87 P. 1105 (applied to contract of employment
calling for equal division of all commissions on sale of real
estate secured by employee).

As to dishonesty of employee as affecting- right to wages, see
note 13 L. 72.

§1987. EMPLOYEE NOT BOUND TO DELIVER IVITH-
OUT DEMAND. An employee who receives anything on'
account of his employer, in any capacity other than that
of a mere servant, is not bound to deliver it to him until
demanded, and is not at liberty to send it to him from a
distance, without demand, in any mode involving greater
risk than its retention by the employee himself.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to duty of secretary of corporation to pay over, see Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 1987, note.

As to duty of servant to deliver to master, without demand,
see post § 2014.

§ 1988. PREFERENCE TO BE GIVEN TO EMPLOYERS.

An employee who has any business to transact on his own
account, similar to that intrusted to him by his employer,
must always give the latter the preference.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended March 30, 1874,
Code Amdts. 1873-4, p. 247.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 5 pars, annotation.

§ 1989. RESPONSIBILITY OF EMPLOYEE FOR SUBSTI-
TUTE. An employee who is expressly authorized to employ
a substitute is liable to his principal only for want of ordi-
nary care in his selection. The substitute is directly responsi-
ble to the principal.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.
1061



§§ 1990-1992 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

As to delegation of agent's authority, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§§ 2394 et seq. and notes.

§1990. RESPONSIBILITY FOR NEGLIGENCE. An em-
ployee who is guilty of a culpable degree of negligence is
liable to his employer for the damage thereby caused to the
latter; and the employer is liable to him, if the service is
not gr^iaitous, for the value of such services only as are
properly rendered.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended by Code Commis-
sion, Act March 16, 1901, Stats, and Amdts. 1900-1, p. 413, held
unconstitutional, see history, § 4 ante.

78 C. 310, 314, 12 A. S. 58, 20 P. 715, 717, 3 L. 781.
As to duties of master and servant with regard to rules pro-
mulgated for the safe conduct of business, see 43 L. 305.

§ 1991. SURVIVING EMPLOYEE. Where service is to be
rendered by two or more persons jointly, and one of them
dies, the survivor must act alone, if the service to be rendered
is such as he can rightly perform without the aid of the
deceased person, but not otherwise.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

§1992. CONFIDENTIAL EMPLOYMENT. The obligations
peculiar to confidential employments are defined in the title
on trusts.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to trustees, etc., see title on ti-usts, Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2215
et seq. and notes.



1062



Tit.VI,ch.I,art.IV.] TERMINATION OP. §§ 1996, 1997

ARTICLE IV.

TERMINATION OF EMPLOYMENT.

§ 1996. Termination by death, etc., of employer.

§ 1997. Employment, how terminated.

§ 1998. Continuance of service in certain cases.

§ 1999. Termination at will.

§ 2000. Termination by employer for fault.

§ 2001. Termination by employee for fault.

§ 2002. Compensation of employee dismissed for cause.

§ 2003. Compensation of employee leaving for cause.

§ 1996. TERMINATION BY DEATH, ETC., OF EMPLOYER.

Every employment in which the power of the employee is not
coupled with an interest in its subject is terminated by
notice to him of:

1. The death of the employer; or,

2. His legal incapacity to contract.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872; amended by Code Commis-
sion, Act March 16, 1901, Stats, and Amdts. 1900-1, p. 413, held
unconstitutional, see history, § 4 ante.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

76 C. 508, 509, 18 P. 435, 436 (applied in connection with
§1998); 89 C. 547, 550 (applied but erroneously cited as §1196),
26 P. 1095, 1096 (correct citation).

As to termination of agency, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2355 et
seq. and notes.

As to termination of employment, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1997
and note.

As to termination of employment by death of party, see 23
L. 712.

§ 1997. EMPLOYMENT, HOIY TERMINATED. Every em-
ployment is terminated:

1. By the expiration of its appointed term;

2. By the extinction of its subject;

3. By the death of the employee; or,

4. By his legal incapacity to act as such.

HLstory: Enacted March 21, 1872.
1063



§§ 1998-2t)00 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

89 C. 547, 550 (applied but erroneously cited as § 1197), 26 P.
1095, 1096 (correct citation); 124 C. 95, 98, 56 P. 795 (cited with
other sections).

As to termination of agency, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2355 et
seq. and notes.

As to termination of employment, see ante § 1996.

§ 199». COMfNUANCE OF SERVICE IN CERTAIN CASES.

An employee, unless the term of his service has expired, or
unless he has a right to discontinue it at any time without
notice, must continue his service after notice of the death or
incapacity of his employer, so far as is necessary to protect
from serious injury the interests of the employer's successor
in interest, until a reasonable time after notice of the facts
has been communicated to such successor. The successor
must compensate the employee for such service according to
the terms of the contract of employment.

Hi-story: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.
76 C. 508, 509, 18 P. 435, 436 (applied).

§ 1999. TERMINATION AT WILL. An employment hav-
ing no specified term may be terminated at the will of either
party, on notice to the other, except where otherwise pro-
vided by this title.

HLsfory: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

124 C. 95, 96, 56 P. 795 (referred to); 68 P. 101, 103 (agreement
to give party "permanent" employment may be terminated at
any time).

§ 2000. TERMINATION BY EMPLOYER FOR FAULT. An

employment, even for a specified term, may be terminated at
any time by the employer, in case of any wilful breach of
duty by the employee in the course of his employment, or in
case of his habitual neglect of his duty or continued inca-
pacity to perform it.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.
1064



I



Tit.VI,ch.I,art.IV.] DISMISSAL FOR CAUSE. §§ 2001-2003

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 4 pars, annotation.

69 C. 643, 646, 11 P. 581, 583 (applied).

As to discliarge of employee under contract for permanent
employment, see 35 L. 512.

As to remedies of servant wrongfully discharged, see 43 A. D.
205; 58 A. R. 828; 51 A. S. 515.

As to when seaman may be discharged, see post § 2050.

As to when servant may be discharged, see post § 2015.

As to wrongful discharge of seaman, see post § 2057.

§ 2001. TERMINATION BY EMPLOYEE FOR FAULT. An

employment, even for a specified term, may be terminated by
the employee at any time, in case of any wilful or permanent
breach of the obligations of his employer to him as an

employee.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to employee's compensation when he terminates employ-
ment for cause, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2003 and note.

§2002. COMPENSATION OF EMPLOYEE DISMISSED
FOR CAUSE. An employee, dismissed by his employer for
good cause, is not entitled to any compensation for services
rendered since the last day upon which a payment became
due to him under the contract.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 10 pars, annotation.

69 C. 643, 646, 11 P. 581, 583 (applied).

As to when servant may be discharged, see post § 2015.

§2003. COxMPENSATION OF EMPLOYEE LEAVING FOR

CAUSE. An employee who quits the service of his employer
for good cause is entitled to such proportion of the compensa-
tion which would become due in case of full performance as
the services which he has already rendered bear to the serv-
ices which he was to render as full performance.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 2 pars, annotation.

As to liens for wages of persons employed as laborers on
threshing machines, see Stats. 1885, p. 109, as construed in 116
C. 292, 48 P. 123.

1065



§ 2009 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.PtlV.

As to right of servant to recover part performance — Entirety
of contract, see 31 A. R. 100.

As to right of wages on part performance of contract, see 24
L. 231.

As to right to recover for services interrupted by sickness or
death, see 16 L. 858.

As to terminating employment by employees, see ante § 2001.



CHAPTER II.

PARTICULAR EMPLOYMENT.

Article I. Master and Servant, §§ 2009-2015.

II. Agents, §§2019-2022.

III. Factors, §§ 2026-2030.

IV. Shipmasters, §§ 2034-2044.

V. Mates and Seamen, §§ 2048-2066.
VI. Ship's Manager, §§ 2070-2072.

ARTICLE I.

MASTER AND SERVANT.

§ 2009. Servant, what.

§ 2010. Term of hiring.

§ 2011. Same. [Presumed to be monthly, when.]

§ 2012. Renewal of hiring.

§ 2013. Time of service.

§ 2014. Servant to pay over without demand.

§ 2015. When servant may be discharged.

§2009. SERVANT, WHAT. A servant is one who is em-
ployed to render personal service to his employer, otherwise
than in the pursuit of an independent calling, and who in such
service remains entirely under the control and direction of
the latter, who is called his master.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

124 C. 95, 97 (referred to), 98 (construed), 56 P. 795; 131 C.
455, 459, 82 A. S. 366, 63 P. 721, 64 P. 106 (construed); 138 C.
116. 118, 70 P. 1065 (applied); 4 C. A. 347, 350, 87 P. 1105 (applied
to contract of employment to sell real estate).

1066



TitVI,ch.II,art.I.] TERM— RENEWAI.. §§ 2010-2012

As to distinction between agent and servant, see 2 L. 192.

As to fellow-servants train dispatchers, and otlier employees,
see 18 A. S. 455.

As to when relation of master and servant exists, see 22 A. S.
459.

As to who are fellow-servants and who are not, see Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 1970 and note.

As to who are independent contractors, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 1970 and note.

As to who are laborers within meaning- of statutes protecting
wages, see 18 L. 305.



§2010. TERM OF HIRING. A servant is presumed to
have been hired for such length of time as the parties adopt
for the estimation of wages. A hiring at a yearly rate is-
presumed to be for one year; a hiring at a daily rate, for
one day; a hiring by piecework, for no specified term.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 10 pars, annotation.
Ill C. 313, 316, 43 P. 963 (applied); 124 C. 95, 97 (applied), 98
(construed), 56 P. 795; 127 C. 588, 592, 60 P. 45 (applied).

§ 2011. SAME. [PRESUMED TO BE MONTHLY, WHEN.]

In the absence of any agreement or custom as to the term of
service, the time of payment, or rate or value of wages, a
servant is presumed to be hired by the month, at a monthly
rate of reasonable wages, to be paid when the service is per-
formed.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

Ill C. 313, 317, 43 P. 963 (applied); 50 P. 397, 399 (court will
not presume that there was no agreement when); 124 C. 95, 97
(applied), 98 (construed), 56 P. 795; 127 C. 588, 592, 60 P. 45
(applied).

As to employer and employee generally, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§§ 1965 et seq. and notes.

§ 2012. RENEWAL OF HIRING. Where, after the expira-
tion of an agreement respecting the wages and the term of
service, the parties continue the relation of master and serv-

1067



§§ 2013-2015 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

ant, they are presumed to have renewed the agreement for
the same wages and term of service.

History; Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 8 pars, annotation.

89 C. 547, 550, 26 P. 1095, 1096 (applied); 145 C. 266, 267. 78
P. 736 (applied).



§ 2013. TIME OF SERVICE. The entire time of a domes-
tic servant belongs to the master; and the time of other
servants to such extent as is usual in the business in which
they serve, not exceeding in any case ten hours in the day.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 2 pars, annotation.

As to statutory limitation of hours of labor, see note Hen. G.
L., pp. 417-419; also 19 L. 141; 21 L. 796.

§2014. SERVANT TO PAY OVER WITHOUT DEMAND.

A servant must deliver to his master, as soon as with reason-
able diligence he can find him, everything that he receives for
his account, without demand; but he is not bound, without
orders from his master, to send anything to .him through
another person.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to employee not bound to deliver to employer without
demand, see ante § 1987.



§ 2015. WHEN SERVANT MAY BE DISCHARGED. A mas-
ter may discharge any servant, other than an apprentice,
whether engaged for a fixed term or not:

1. If he is guilty of misconduct in the course of his service,
or of gross immorality, though unconnected with the same;
or,

2. If, being employed about the person of the master, or in
a confidential position, the master discovers that he has been
guilty of misconduct, before or after the commencement of

1068



Tit.VI,ch.II,art.II.] AGENTS, AUTHORITY. §§ 2019-2021

his service, of such a nature that, if the master had known
or contemplated it, he would not have so employed him.
History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to compensation of employee dismissed for cause, see
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2002 and note.

As to discharge of servant when justified by his absence
without leave, see 55 A. R. 717.

As to termination of employment, see ante § 2001.



ARTICLE II.

AGENTS.

§ 2019. Agent to conform to his authority.

§ 2020. Must keep his principal informed.

§ 2021. Collecting agent.

§ 2022. Responsibility of sub-agent.

§ 2019. AGENT TO CONFORM TO HIS AUTHORITY. An

agent must not exceed the limits of his actual authority, as
defined by the title on agency.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 2 pars, annotation.

68 C. 156, 162, 8 P. 824 (applied); 125 C. 613, 614, 58 P. 153
(applied).

As to agents and agency, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2295 et seq.
and notes, and particularly § 2330.

§2020. MUST KEEP HIS PRINCIPAL INF0R3IED. An

agent must use ordinary diligence to keep his principal
informed of his acts in the course of the agency.
History: Enacted March 21, 1,872.

71 C. 513, 532, 12 P. 570, 580 (applied to sales and conveyances
of property by attorney, acting as agent).

As to agents and agency, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2295 et seq.
and notes.

§ 2021. COLLECTING AGENT. An agent employed to col-
lect a negotiable instrument must collect it promptly, and

1069



§§ 2022-2027 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

take all measures necessary to charge the parties thereto, in
case of its dishonor; and, if it is a bill of exchange, must pre-
sent it for acceptance with reasonable diligence.
History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to ag-ents and agency, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2295 et seq.
and notes.

§ 2022. RESPOTVSIBILITY OV SUB-AUENT. A mere agent
of an agent is not responsible as such to the principal of
the latter.

HLstory: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to agents and agency, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2295 et seq.
and notes.



ARTICLE III.

FACTORS.

§ 2026. Factor, what.

§ 2027. Obedience required from factor.

§ 2028. Sales on credit.

§ 2029. Liability of factor under guaranty commission.

§ 2030. Factor cannot relieve himself from liability.

§ 2026. FACTOR, WHAT. A factor is an agent who, in the
pursuit of an independent calling, is employed by another to
sell property for him, and is vested by the latter with the
possession or control of the property, or authorized to receive
payment therefor from the purchaser.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

66 C. 459, 461, 6 P. 91 (construed); 22 P. 973, 974 (applied);
24 P. 120 (applied with other sections).

As to factors, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2367-2369 and notes.

As to factor's power to pledge principal's g-oods, see post
§§ 2368, 2991.

§ 2027. OBEDIENCE REQUIRED FROM FACTOR. A fac-
tor must obey the instructions of his principal to the same
extent as any other employee, notwithstanding any advances
he may have made to his principal upon the property con-

1070



Tit.VI,ch.II,art.III.] FACTOR, liability. §§2028-2030

signed to him, except that if the principal forbids him to sell
at the market price, he may, nevertheless, sell for his reim-
bursement, after giving to his principal reasonable notice of
his intention to do so, and of the time and place of sale, and
proceeding in all respects as a pledgee.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

85 C. 376, 377, 24 P. 806, 807 (applied).

As to factors, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2367-2369 and notes.
As to obedience required from employees generally, see ante
§ 1981.

§2028. SALES ON CREDIT. A factor may sell property
consigned to him on such credit as is usual; but, having once^
agreed with the purchaser upon the term of credit, may not
extend it.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to factors, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2367-2369 and notes.
As to duty of factor to inquire into the responsibility of the
purchaser, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2368 and note.

§2029. LIABILITY OF FACTOR UNDER GUARANTY
COMMISSION. A factor who charges his principal with a
guaranty commission upon a sale, thereby assumes absolutely
to pay the price when it falls due, as if it were a debt of his
own, and not as a mere guarantor for the purchaser; but he
does not thereby assume any additional responsibility for the
safety of his remittance of the proceeds.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

53 P. 693, 697 (factor is liable for price when it becomes due,
though he was purchaser).

As to factors, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2367-2369 and notes.

§2030. FACTOR CANNOT RELIEVE HIMSELF FROM
LIABILITY. A factor who receives property for sale, under
a general agreement or usage to guarantee the sales or the
remittance of the proceeds, cannot relieve himself from
responsibility therefor without the consent of his principal.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to factors, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2367-2369 and notes.

1071



§§ 2034-2037 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.



ARTICLE IV.

SHIPMASTERS.

§ 2034. Appointment of master.

§ 2035. When must be on board.

§ -'ijao Pil'.tage.

§ 2037. Power of master over seamen.

§ 2038. Power of master over passengers.

§ 2039. Impressing private stores.

§ 2040. Wlien may abandon the ship.

§ 2041. Duties on abandonment.

§ 2042. When master cannot trade on his own account.

§ 2043. Care and diligence.

§ 2044. Authority of master.

§2034. APPOINTMENT OF MASTER. The master of a
ship is appointed by the owner, and holds during his pleasure.
History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

Master dismissed, being one of owners, right to renounce
interest and demand value, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2034, note.

§2035. WHEN MUST BE ON BOARD. The master of a
ship is bound to be always on board when entering or leaving
a port, harbor, or river.

History: Enacted Marcli 21, 1872, founded upon Code de Com.
art. 227.

§ 2036. PILOTAGE. On entering or leaving a port, harbor,
or river, the master of a ship must take a pilot if one offers
himself, and while the pilot is on board the navigation of the
ship devolves on him.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 4 pars, annotation.

Pilot and pilot commissioners — Duties and regulations of. —
See Kerr's Cyc. Pol. C. §§ 2429-2491, particularly § 2436.

§ 2037. POWER OF MASTER OVER SEAMEN. The master
of a ship may enforce the obedience of the mate and seamen

1072



Tit.VI,ch.II,art.IV.] POWER OF MASTER. §§2038-2041

to his lawful commands bj' confinement and other reasonable
corporal punishment, not prohibited by acts of Congress,
being responsible for the abuse of his power.

History: ^^nacted March 21. 1872.
See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.

§ 2038. POWER OF MASTER OVER PASSENGERS. The

master of a ship may confine any person on board, during a
voyage, for wilful disobedience to his lawful commands.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to imprisonment of passenger by master, see Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2038, note.

§2039. IMPRESSING PRIVATE STORES. If, during a
voyage, the ship's supplies fail, the master, with the advice
of the officers, may compel persons who have private sup-
plies on board to surrender them for the common want, on
payment of their value, or giving security therefor.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872, founded upon Code de Com.
art. 249.

§ 2040. WHEN MAY ABANDON THE SHIP. The master of
a ship must not abandon it during the voyage, without the
advice of the other officers.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.
As to jettison, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2040, 2149 and notes.

§2041. DUTIES ON ABANDONMENT. The master of a
ship, upon abandoning it, must carry with him, so far as it
is in his power, the money and the most valuable of the goods
on board, under penalty of being personally responsible. If
the articles thus taken are lost from causes beyond his con-
trol, he is exonerated from liability.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872, founded upon Code de Com.
art. 241.

1073



§§ 2042-2044 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

§2042. WHEJf MASTER CANNOT TRADE ON HIS OWN
ACCOUNT. The master of a ship, who engages for a com-
mon profit on the cargo, must not trade on his own account,
and if he does, he must account to his employer for all profits
thus made by him.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872. See Code de Com. arts.
239, 24U.

§2043. CARE AND DILIGENCE. The master of a ship
must use great care and diligence in the performance of his
duties, and is responsible for all damage occasioned by his
negligence, however slight.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

§ 2044. AUTHORITY OF MASTER. The authority and lia-
bility of the master of a ship, as an agent for the owners of
the ship and cargo, are regulated by the title on agency.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to agency in general, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2295 et seq.
and notes.

As to authority over seamen and passengers, see Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. §§ 2037, 2038 and notes.

As to respondentia — Master's hypothecation upon, see Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 3038 and note.

Bottomry, hypothecation by master upon, see Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. §§ 3019 et seq. and notes.



1074



Tit.VI,ch.II,art.V.] MATE, SEAMEN. §§ 2048-2050

ARTICLE V.

MATES AND SEAMEN.

§ 2048. Mate, what.

§ 2049. Seamen, what.

§ 2050. Mate and seamen, how engaged and discharged.

§ 2051. Unseaworthy vessel.

§ 2052. Seamen not to lose wages or lien by agreement.

§ 2053. Special agreement with seamen.

§ 2054. Wages depend on freightage.

§ 2055. When wages, etc., begin.

§ 2056. Wages, where voyage is broken up before departure.

§ 2057. Wrongful discharge.

§ 2058. Wages, when not lost by wreck.

§ 2059. Certificate.

§ 2060. Disabled seamen.

§ 2061. Maintenance of seamen during sickness.

§ 2062. Death on the voyage.

§ 2063. Theft, etc., forfeits wages.

§ 2064. Seamen cannot ship goods.



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