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The codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) online

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As to duty of railroads to furnish safe stations and plat-
forms, see 7 L. 111.

As to duty of railroads to give stop-over privileges, see
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 490 and notes, and generally as to right of
passenger to such privileges, see 28 L. 773-776.

As to exemplary or vindictive damages generally, see Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 3294 and note.

As to injuries caused by want of ordinary care or skill in
management of property, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 1714 and note.

As to liability for injuries caused by defective platform, see

II L. 721.

As to liability for injury to passenger alighting from train,
see 7 L. 112.

As to liability of carrier for false arrest or malicious prosecu-
tion of passengers, see 14 L. 793-796.

As to liability of carriers of passengers as affected by con-
tract, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2174, 2175 and notes.

As to liability of common carriers for injuries to passengers,
generally, see 43 A. D. 355-367; 61 A. D. 109.

As to measure of care required of, see 2 L. N. S. 645; 3 L. N.

1088



Tit.VII,ch.II,art.II.] PASSENGERS, GENERALLY. § 2100

S. 218; 4. L. N. S. 122; 4 L. N. S. 399; 4 L. N. S. 729; 4 L. N. S.
947; 5 L.'n. S. 721; 12 L. N. S. 197; 12 L. N. S. 840.

As to negligence of carriers and injuries to persons on high-
ways or streets, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 486, 3333 and notes.

As to negligence of carriers respecting injuries to person not
passenger, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 3333 and note.

As to parol agreement to vary contract of carrier, see 56 A. S.
663.

As to passengers on freight trains, special trains, etc., see
61 A. S. 95, 96; 19 L. 310, 311.

As to passengers temporarily leaving vehicle before com-
pletion of journey, see 2 L. 83; 15 L. 399, 400.

As to railroad companies, see note § 454, ante.

As to removal of trespasser from train, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2188 and note.

As to riding on platform or steps, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 484
note pars. 5-20.

As to right of heirs or personal representatives to maintain
action for damages against person causing death of another
through wrongful act or neglect, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P. § 377
and note.

As to sleeping-car companies' liabilities for negligence,
.personal injuries, etc., see 21 L. 292-296.

As to statute of limitations respecting actions based upon
negligence, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. P. §§ 339, 458 and notes.

As to stipulations limiting time of bringing action, see 13 A.
S. 785.

As to street car companies, see note § 497, ante.

As to sufficiency of complaint to impose upon defendant liabil-
ity for entire route where he holds himself out as carrier beyond
his own lines, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2174 and note.

As to vehicles, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2101 and note.

As to who are common carriers of passengers, see Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2168 and note; 47 A. D. 650, 654; 10 L. 415-420.

As to who are not passengers, generally, see 61 A. S. 77.

As to who are passengers, in general, see 61 A. S. 77, 78; 2
L. 166; 11 L. 720; 24 L. 521-523.

Assault upon passenger — Duty to protect from. — See 43 A. S. 90.

Same — Liability of for.— See 28 A. R. 112.

Baggage, as to, see § 2180 post.

Care and skill which must be exercised with respect to roads.
—See 37 A. R. 479.

Child — Riding free with parent, duty and liability of to. — See
9 A. C. 962, 963.

Same — -Right of father to recover for loss, as baggage, of
articles used for or by. — See 7 A. C. 61.

Contributory negligence of passenger. — As to, generally, see
Kerr's C. C— 35 1089



§ 2100 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

1 L. N. S. 1145; 2 L. N. S. 1191; 5 L. N. S. 274; 10 L. N, S. 352;
12 L. N. S. 359; 12 L. N. S. 381.

Same — Boarding or alighting from moving train. — See 2 A.
C. 936, 939.

Same — Ejected from train, in walking on railroad. — See 12
L. N. S. 359.

Same— In alighting.— See 1 A. C. 177, 178; 3 A. C. 1015.

Same — Same — And crossing track. — See 6 A. C. 699, 705.

Saitiu — In riding or standing on running board of open street
car.— See 6 A. C. 666; 9 A. C. 1025.

Same — Leaving seat before train or car stops. — See 4 A. C.
748, 750; 6 A. C. 721.

Same — Protrusion of part of body beyond car. — See 1 A. C.
708, 710; 8 A. C. 1036; 5 L. N. S. 274.

Same — Riding on platform.^See 1 A. C. 313, 315; 10 A. C. 813,
816; 12 L. N. S. 831.

Same — Riding or standing on running board of street car.
—See 2 L. N. S. 1191; 10 L. N. S. 352.

Same — Walking on station premises in dark. — See 7 A. C.
961.

Damages for refusal to carry as passenger. — See 8 A. C.
218.

Drover's pass — Liability of to person riding on. — See 5 A. C.
764; 6 A. C. 799.

Same — Validity of stipulation in exempting carrier from
liability for negligence. — See 5 A. C. 768.

Drummer's samples carried as baggage, liability of for.- — See
6 A. C. 828; see also note § 2180, post.

Duty and liability of proprietor of public hack or cab to
passenger. — See 5 L. N. S. 1069.

Duty of— Announce station, to awake passengers. — See 2 A.
C. 675, 676; 6 A. C. 675; 7 A. C. 711.

Same — Degree of care required. — See 6 A. C. 793.

Same — Of vessel to return to wharf to permit visitor to
depart. — See 10 L. N. S. 969.

Same — Persons assisting. — See 29 A. S. 54.

Same — To assist infirm passenger. — See 8 L. N. S. 299.

Same — To carry on freight or special trains. — See 5 A. C. 43.

Same — To carry person afflicted with contagious disease. — See
8 A. C. 221.

Same — To carry to point indicated by sign on car. — See 3 A.
C. 1074, 1080.

Same — To give information as to quarantine. — See 6 L. N. S.
1009.

Same — To give information to prevent passengers exposing
themselves to danger and injury. — See 7 A. S. 830.

Same — To heat cars. — See 9 A. C. 553, 555.

Same — To light station. — See 7 A. C. 961, 969.

1090



Tit.VII,ch.II,art.II] passengers, generally. § 21OO

Same — To look after drunken passenger after he has left the
train. — See 8 L. N. S. 298.

Same — To one assisting passenger on train. — See 3 L. N. S.
432.

Same — To one whom it permits to enter its cars upon his own
business and not as a passenger. — See 8 L. N. S. 1240.

Same — To passenger on overcrowded street car. — See 4 L. N.
S. 399.

Same— To persons attending or visiting passenger. — See 10
A. C. 161.

Same — To protect passengers — From assault^ — See 32 A. S. 90.

Same — Same — From cold. — See 11 L. N. S. 1142.

Same — Same — From fellow passengers or third persons. — See
3 A. C. 254; 8 A. C. 222; 8 A. C. 584.

Same — Same — From intoxicated person. — See 8 A. C. 222, 225.

Same— Same— From servants. — See 1 A. C. 617; 6 A. C. 22; 6
A. C. 929.

Same — Same — Liability of for assault on passenger. — See
3 A. C. 254.

Same — To provide waiting room at station. — See 6 A. C. 569,
571.

Same — To stop at passenger's destination. — See 4 A. C. 770;
6 A. C. 22. 24.

Same — To supply drinking water to passengers. — See 5 A. C.
411.

Same — Toward intoxicated passenger. — See 5 A. C. 72; 9 A. C.
485, 488.

Same — Toward passenger boarding or alighting — Generally,
see 1 A. C. 912; 9 A. C. 852; 9 A. C. 964, 965.

Same — Same — Allow sufficient time to alight. — See 7 A. C.
756, 760.

Same — Same — Duty to provide safe place for boarding and
alighting.— See 1 A. C. 916; 9 A. C. 854.

Same — Same — To assist passengers. — See 10 A. C. 366, 367.

Duty of motorman, for protection of passenger, to warn one
driving along highway of the approach of a car. — See 12 L. N.
S. 197.

Duty to passenger — Protection of, generally, see 3 L. N. S. 318;
5 L. N. S. 1012; 6 L. N. S. 1009; 10 L. N. S. 384; 10 L. N. S. 969;
11 L. N. S. 926; 11 L. N. S. 1142

Duty to receive passenger from carriage — Person Avith con-
tagious or infectious disease. — See 8 A. D. 218, 221.

Same — Right to designate car on train. — See 9 A. C. 84; 9 A.
C. 535.

Ejection of passengers — As to, generally, see 9 A. C. 84;
9 A. C. 883.

Same — As to what is reasonable sum passenger may tender
payment of fare avoiding writing of. — See 10 A. C. 624.

1091



s 2100 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV. I

1

Same — For refusal to pay extra fare — where no opportunity
to buy ticket was presented. — See 3 A. C. 887.

Same — Same — Where sufficient opportunity to buy ticket was
not presented. — See 10 A. C. 923.

Same — Liability for made through mistake as to identity. —
See 2 L. N. S. 472.

Same — Mental suffering as an element of damage for wrong-
ful.— See 12 L. N. S. 184.

Sai>-\'^ — Right of one having a contagious disease. — See 4 L. N.
S. 113.

Same — Where passenger receives incorrect transfer. — See 10
A. C. 277.

Same — Where passenger tenders fare after refusal to pay. — See
10 A. C. 941.

Same — Where ticket invalid through its own fault. — See 9 A.
C. 889.

Evidence — Declarations of agent as to negligence bind
principal. — See 12 A. C. 326; 54 A. D. 308; 70 A. D. 655.

Exemplary damages for personal injuries. — See 9 A. C. 1114.

Express messenger as passenger. — See 22 L. 796.

Failure to stop at station, liability for. — See 2 L. N. S. 585;
7 L. N. S. 1177.

Free pass, duty and liability of to person riding on. — See 4
A. C. 1126, 1131.

Free passenger — Degree of care owed to in absence of stipula-
tion.— See 5 L. N. S. 721.

Same — Liability of for injuries to. — See 6 A. C. 669; 10 A. C.
870.

Freight train — Duty and liabilities of to. — See 1 A. C. 447;
5 A. C. 42; 9 A. C. 535.

Same — Duty of to carry passengers on. — See 5 A. C. 43.

Injuries resulting from defects in vehicles and appliances,
liability of for. — See 64 A. D. 521.

Intending passenger actually becomes such when. — See 1 A. C.
605; 9 A. C. 1104.

Intoxicated passenger — Duty of carrier to look after, after he
has left the train. — See 8 L. N. S. 298. .

Same — Liability of to. — See 5 A. C. 72; 9 A. C. 488.

Liability of — Generally, see 34 A. R. 824.

Same — As to termination of. — See 6 A. C. 1033.

Same — Drummer's samples carried as baggage. — See 6 A.
C. 828; see also note § 2180, post.

Same — Exemption from by contract. — See 82 A. D. 290.

Same — For accident through leaving vestibule door open. — See
2 L. N. S. 645.

Same — For acts of servants. — See 8 A. R. 317.

Same — For assaults upon passengers. — See 28 A. R. 112.



1092



[



Tit.VII,ch.II,art.II.] PASSENGERS, GENERALLY. § 2100

Same — For assistance negligently rendered passenger by
employee. — See 10 L. N. S. 411.

Same — For failure to supply berth. — See 5 L. N. S. 1012.

Same— For injuries to, generally, see 43 A. D. 355.

Same — For injuries done by strikes and mobs.- — See 97 A.
S. 526.

Same — For injuries received by passengers riding on platform.
—See 1 A. C. 315; 10 A. C. 816.

Same — For injuries resulting from defects in their vehicles
and other appliances. — See 64 A. D. 521.

Same — For injuries to free passenger. — See 6 A. C. 669; 10 A. C.
870.

Same — For injuries to passenger — By dog or other animal. — See
4 L. N. S. 947.

Same — Same — By draught or rain from open window or doors.
—See 11 L. N. S. 926.

Same — Same — By servant in use of dangerous agency placed in
servant's control. — See 10 L. N. S. 384.

Same — Same— By sportive act of servant. — See 3 L. N. S. 605.

Same — Same — By wrongful act of stranger directed against
cars or passengers therein. — See 3 L. N. S. 318.

Same — Same — Caused by obstruction placed on track by
stranger. — See 12 L. N. S. 840.

Same — For injury to person wrongfully on train by collision
with a train employee. — See 5 L. N. S. 1025.

Same — For misdirection of passenger by ticket agent as to
route.— See 2 L. N. S. 110.

Same — For passenger's effects. — See 10 A. C. 893.

Same — For personal injuries inflicted on passengers by third
persons. — See 6 A. S. 734.

Same — For stranger's assault on passenger. — See 2 L. N. S. 105.

Same — For wrongful arrest by servant. — See 7 L. N. S. 162.

Same — Limitation of, as to, generally, see 4 A. C. 556.

Same — Loss of property left in berth while temporarily absent
therefrom.— See 10 A. C. 895.

Same — Of sleeping-car companies. — See 26 A. S. 331.

Same — To in-toxicated passenger. — See 5 A. C. 72; 9 A. C. 488.

Same — To passengers for assaults by employees and servants. —
See 8 A. R. 318.

Same — To persons riding on drovers or free passes. — See 48
A. R. 115.

Same — To postal clerk for failure to keep account in proper
condition. — See 3 L. N. S. 218.

Liability of proprietor of logging railroad, or other rail-
road used for a private purpose, for injury sustained by one
other than an employee while being carried thereon. — See 12
L. N. S. 131.

Liability of railroad conipany to persons wrongfully riding

1093



§ 2100 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

on train by permission or direction of railroad employee. — See
9 a; C. 540.

Limitation of liability of — As to, generally, see 4 A. C. 556.

Same — As to loss of bag-gage, does it cover losses due to
negligence.— See 8 L. N. S. 199; see also note § 2180, post.

Same — Application of limitation to hand baggage. — See 5 L.
N. S. 650.

Same — ^For negligent injury to sleeping-car employers or
others suistaining a similar relation to the company. — See 11 L.
N. S. 432.

Same — Refusal to give effect to foreign contract exempting
from.— See 5 L. N. S. 425.

Same — Right to stipulation against liability in consideration
of reduced fare. — See 4 L. N. S. 1081.

Same — Risk of negligence assumed by contract with, as
including gross negligence. — See 1 L. N. S. 675.

Same — Validity of stipulation — In drover's pass exempting
from liability for negligence. — See 5 A. C. 763.

Same — Same — In free pass as to for negligence. — See 4 A. C.
557.

Same — Same — In ocean_ steamer tickets limiting liability for
passenger's baggage. — See 9 A. C. 913.

Locomotive, duty of to person riding on. — See 1 A. C. 447; 5 A.
C. 42; 9 A. C. 535.

Misdirection of passenger by ticket agent as to route, liability
for.— See 2 L. N. S. 110.

Mixed questions, negligence and contributory negligence. — See
48 A. S. 139.

Negligence, burden and sufficiency of proof of. — See 62 A. D.
679.

Newsboy or news agent, liability of to. — See 7 A. C. 525, 528.

Obligation to stop for passengers at the time advertised. — See
66 A. D. 603.

Pass fraudulently procured, duty of to person riding on. —
See 7 A. C. 586, 587.

Passenger — Express messenger as a. — See 22 L. 796.

Same — On wrong car or train by his own mistake. — See 3 L.
N. S. 588.

Person attending or visiting passenger. — See 10 A. C. 159, 161.

Person impliedly invited upon station platform. — See 9 A. C.
1096.

Person intending to ride, as a passenger. — See 1 A. C. 603;
9 A. C. 1096.

Person riding gratuitously. — See 6 A. C. 666, 669; 10 A. C.
869, 870.

Person riding on drover's pass, liability of to. — See 5 A. C.
764; 6 A. C. 799.

1094



Tit.VII,ch.II,art.II-] PASSENGERS, GENERALLY. § 2100

Person riding on free pass, liability of to.-See 4 A. C. 1126,
''person riding on locomotive, freight or special train duty and
^'^Zr:l^::i^i^^o:':^^ ^aSd^LJl^^P^c^a, liaMl-
ity of to.-See 7 A. C. 586, 587. _ ^ , . p 0.1

Person temporarily leaving tram —See 7 A. a 9bl.

Postal clerk, duty and liability of ^^ - See 6 A C. 863.

Power of state to regulate and restrict sale of passenger
tickets.— See 96 A. S. 828.

Power to limit their liability, how may be exercised.-See 3.

"" P^'resumption as to negligence of as to, generally see 2 K N.
S. 725; 2 L. N. S. 836; 7 L. N. S. 231; 7 L. N. S. 1076, 12 L. N. b.

'^Same-From collision resulting in injury to passenger.-See
' PubHc°offlcer on train in discharge of duty-As to, generally,
see 9 A. C. 1121. . ^ -,190

r.™ ™.r'aS;;r:r'cfeVSs,'"uty ana >..M,U. „, to.-See

^ t?ecUo;*or "rst'^ar'assen^e. r,.M o, „>,ere he >,as a
contagious disease.— See 4 L. N. S. 103.

Right of-To grant exclusive privileges to hackmen and other

^^Lamr-^reject^pe'rsons having contagious diseases.-See 4

"^rngM o'f'passenger to bring action ex contractu for personal
iniuries or ejection from train.— See 10 A. C. 4b^.

Sleeping-cL company-Functions, duties and liabihties of.-

'lame^LiabUity of-For loss of passenger's property left by
him in berth while temporarily absent therefrom.-See 10 A. C.

^^Same-Same-For theft of property of passengers.-See 56 A.

"" special trains-Duty and liabilities of to.-See 1 A. C. 447; 5
A. C. 42; 9 A. C. 535. . a n .q

oanie— 'Duty of to carry passengers on.— See 5 A. c. 4d.

IS'on-Reasonable time to keep station open before and
after trains. — See 1 L. N. S. 851. q A r

Station platform, person impliedly invited upon.-See 9 A. C.

'"It'ipulation-ln drover's pass exempting carrier from liability
for ne°-ligence, validity of. — See 5 A. C. 768.

Same-fn fr^e pass exempting from liability for negligence,
validity of. — See 4 A. C. 557.

1095



§ 2100 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

Same — In ocean steamship tickets limiting liability for
passenger's baggage, validity of. — See 9 A. C. 913.

Strikes and mobs, liability of for injuries done by. — See 97 A.
S. 526.

Termination of relation — As to, generally, see 2 L. N. S. 873,
876.

Same — Of carrier and passenger. — See 6 A. C. 1032, 1033; 7
A. C. g"!

Ticket or pass fraudulently procured, duty of railroad to
person riding on. — See 7 A. C. 586, 587.

Ticket procured by fraud or misrepresentation, right on train
of person holding. — See 6 L. N. S. 1146.

Tickets — Effect of conditions on unsigned. — See 84 A. S. 397.

Same — ^Power of state to regulate and restrict sale of. — See 96
A. S. 828.

What persons they may refuse to receive and transport as
passengers. — See 107 A. S. 298.

When person ceases to be a passenger. — See 37 A. R. 384.

Who are passepgers of — As to, generally, see 1 A. C. 451.

Same — And when may become such. — See 61 A. S. 75.

Same — Children riding free with parent. — See 9 A. C. 962.

Same — Same- — Duty and liability of carrier to. — See 9 A. C.
963.

Same — Meaning of phrase "a passenger being transported" in
statute defining duty and liability of. — See 4 L. N. S. 254.

Same — Newsboy or agent. — See 7 A. C. 525.

Same — Same — Liability of to. — See 7 A. C. 528.

Same — Passenger temporarily leaving train. — See 7 A. C. 961.

Same — ^Persons attending or visiting passengers. — See 10 A. C.
159.

Same — Same — Duty and liability as to. — See 10 A. C. 161.

Same— Person on wrong car or train by his own mistake. —
See 3 L. N. S. 588.

Same — Persons impliedly invited upon station platform. — See
9 A. C. 1086.

Same— Persons intending to ride. — See 1 A. C. 618; 9 A. C.
1096.

Same — Persons permitted to enter cars upon own business. —
See 8 L. N. S. 1240.

Same — Persons procuring tickets by fraud or misrepresenta-
tion. — See 6 L. N. S. 1146.

Same — Pei'sons riding gratuitously.-^See 6 A. C. 666; 10 A. C.
869.

Same — Same — Liability of for injury to. — See 6 A. C. 669; 10
A. C. 870.

Same — Persons riding on drover's pass. — See 5 A. C. 764.

Same — Same — Liability of to. — See 6 A. C. 799.

Same — Persons riding on free pass. — See 4 A. C. 1126.

1096



I



Tit.VII,ch.II,art.II.] VEHICLES, LOAD. §§2101,2102

Same— Same— Liability of to.— See 4 A. C. 1131.

Same— Persons riding on locomotive, freight or special train.
—See 1 A. C. 447; 5 A. C. 42; 9 A. C. 535.

Same— Persons riding on ticket or pass fraudulently procured.
—See 7 A. C. 586-587. . ,

Same— Persons wrongfully on train, liability to for injuries by
collision with a train employee. — See 5 L. N. S. 1025.

Same — Postal clerk, duty of to. — See 6 A. C. 863.

Same— Public officer on train in discharge of duty.— See 9

A. C. 1121.

Same— Same— Liability of to.— See 9 A. C. 1123.

Same— Railway mail agents or clerks.- See 6 A. C. 862, 863;
10 A. C. 789.

Same — Termination of liability. — See 6 A. C. 1033.

Same— Termination of relation.— See 6 A. C. 1132; 7 A. C. 961; 2

L. N. S. 873. •

Same— When intending passenger actually becomes such.— bee

1 A. C. 605; 9 A. C. 1104.

Who liable as. — See 47 A. D. 648.

§2101. YEHICLES. A carrier of persons for reward is
bound to provide vehicles safe and fit for the purposes to
which they are put, and is not excused for default in this
respect by any degree of care.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 14 pars, annotation.

89 C 399 406 26 P. 894, 895 (construed and applied); 118 C.
648, 653 (cited by error for § 2201), 50 P. 775, 40 L. 78 (correct
citation).

As to degree of car£ required of carriers of passengers m gen-
eral, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2100 note parS. 15, 16, 23.

As to duty of carriers to exercise high degree of care in pro-
viding necessary and safe appliances for accommodation of
passengers, and as to liability of carriers for defects, etc., see

43 A. D. 362. , .o a r>

As to liability for defects in vehicles in general, see 43 A. D.

362; 64 A. D. 523; 75 A. D. 265.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to carriers of passengers,
see note § 2100, ante.

As to responsibility for defects attributable to fault of manu-
facturer, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2100 and notes, also 2 L. 86.

§ 2102. NOT TO OVERLOAD HIS VEHICLE. A carrier of
persons for reward must not overcrowd or overload his

vehicle.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.
1097



§§ 2103, 2104 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 3 pars, annotation.
As to many miscellaneous matters as to carriers of passengers,
see note § 2100, ante.

§2103. TREATMENT OF PASSENGERS. A carrier of
persons for reward must give to passengers all such accom-
modati'^'^'^ as are usual and reasonable, and must treat them
with civility, and give them a reasonable degree of attention.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 4 pars, annotation.

As to carrier's duty to care for safety of passengers, see 8 L.
673, 674.

As to carrier's duty to protect passengers from injuries oy
third person, see 6 A. S. 734, 737.

As to carrier's duty to protect passengers from rudeness and
insult, see 3 L. 634.

As to car»ier's liability for injuries resulting from miscon-
duct of servants, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2100 par. 74; § 2188 and
note; also 3 L. 635.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to carriers of passengers,
see note § 2100, ante.

As to providing proper accommodations for passengers, see
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2102 and note.

As to right of carrier to eject passengers, see Kerr's Cyc. C.
C. § 2188 and note..

§ 2104. RATE OF SPEED AND DELAYS. A carrier of per-
sons for reward must travel at a reasonable rate of speed, and
without any unreasonable delay, or deviation from his proper
route.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 11 pars, annotation.

As to many miscellaneous matters as to carriers of passengers,
see note § 2100, ante.

As to speed of street cars, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 501 note
par. 8; also 25 L. 663; 57 A. S. 735; 60 A. S. 591; 27 Encyc. L. 49.

Deviation defined as relates to marine insurance. — See post
§ 2694.

Deviation — Duties of railroad corporations to observe regular
time schedule, etc., see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 481 and note.



1098



Tit.VII,ch.III,art.I.] DEFINITIONS. § 2110

CHAPTER III.

CARRIAGE OF PROPERTY.

Article I. General Definitions, § 2110.

II. Obligations of the Carrier, §§ 2114-2122.

III. Bill of Lading, §§ 2126-2132.

IV. Freightage, §§ 2136-2144.

V. General Average, §§ 2148-2155.

ARTICLE I.

GENERAL DEFINITIONS.

§ 2110. Freight, consignor, etc., what.

§2110. FREIGHT, CONSIGNOR, ETC., IVHAT. Property
carried is called freight; the reward, if any, to be paid for its
carriage is called freightage; the person who delivers the
freight to the carrier is called the consignor; and the person
to whom it is to be delivered is called the consignee.
Hi.stor>-: Enacted March 21, 1872.

As to bills of lading, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§2126-2132 and
notes.

As to carriers of property generally and their liability for



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