California.

The codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) online

. (page 92 of 156)
Online LibraryCaliforniaThe codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) → online text (page 92 of 156)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


damages occasioned by negligence, etc., see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§§ 2194-2204 and notes.

As to common carriers in general, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2168
and note.

As to lien of carrier for freightage, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2144
and note.

As to obligations of carriers of property, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§§ 2114-2121 and notes.

As to when consignee is liable for freightage, see Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2138 and note.

As to when consignor is liable for freightage, see Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2137 and note.

As to when payment of freightage may be required, see
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2136 and note; also 60 A. D. 150.



1099



§ 2114 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

ARTICLE II.

OBLIGATIONS OF THE CARRIER.

§ 2114. Care and diligence required of carrier.

§ ?1T5. Carrier to obey directions.

§ 2116. Confli'^t of orders.

§ 2117. Stowage, deviation, etc.

§ 2118. Delivery of freiglit.

§ 2119. Place of delivery.

§ 2120. Notice when freight not delivei-ed.

§ 2121. When consignee does not accept.

§ 2122. When consignee cannot be found [repealed].

§2114. CARE AND DILIGE>CE REQUIRED OF CAR-
RIERS. A carrier of property for reward must use at least
ordinary care and diligence in tlie performance of all his
duties. A carrier wittiout reward must use at least slight
care and diligence.

History: Enacted March 21, 1872.

See Kerr's Cyc. C. C. for 39 pars, annotation.

121 C. 564, 568, 66 A. S. 65, 54 P. 89 (construed and applied). ii

CARRIERS OF PROPERTY — GENERALLY. |

As to action for damages for loss of goods in general, see note J

10 L. 418. %

As to burden of proof in case of loss of baggage, see Kerr's 4-

Cyc. C. C. § 2182 and note. I

As to carriage of property without reward, being mere bail-
ment, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §2090 and note. V

As to common carriers, who are, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2168 J

and note. ;

As to conversion committed by common carrier, see note 24
A. S. 815, 816.

As to defense under special contract limiting liability, see
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2174 and note.

As to defenses of "acts of God", public enemy, etc., see Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2194 and note; also "Act of God," this note.

As to delay and losses caused thereby, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C.
§ 2194 and note.

As to delivery, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2118, 2119, 2130, 2131,
2132 and notes.

As to discrimination in favor of large shippers, see note 11
A. S. 650.

1100 I



Tit.VII,ch.III,art.II.] CARRIERS, GENERALLY. §2114

As to detriment caused by breach of carrier's obligation to
accept freight, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 3315 and note.

As to express companies as common carriers, see notes 47
A. D. 648-654; 61 A. S. 360-385.

As to g'eneral average, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2148 and note.

As to liability for acts of agents, see note 61 A. S. 381.

As to liability for carrying goods in cold storage cars, see
note 90 A. S. 300-302.

As to liability for loss on connecting lines, see note 52 A. S.
103.

As to liability for negligent loss of goods, see note 10 L. 417.

As to liability of forwarders as distinguished from' that of
carriers, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2174 and note.

As to liability of marine carrier, when begins, etc., see Kerr's
Cyc. C. C. § 2197 and note.

As to liability of common carrier of property in general, see
Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2194 and note.

As to liability of express companies for goods shipped over
connecting lines, see note 61 A. S. 371.

As to live stock, carriage of, duty of feeding and watering,
etc., see note 63 A. S. 554, 558.

As to live stock, claims for damages to, see 9 L. 449-452.

As to live stock, duty to prevent escape of, see note 63 A.
S. 560.

As to measure of care required, in general, see note 10 L. 416.

As to police regulations relating to carrying cattle, etc., see
Hen. G. L. pp. 154, 155, note.

As to property stored in warehouse upon reaching destination,
see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. §§ 2120, 2121 and notes.

As to right of carrier to grant preferences, see note 11 A. S.
648.

As to storage of goods not creating new contract, which must
be specially pleaded, see Kerr's Cyc. C. C. § 2120 and note.

As to stipulations limiting time of bringing actions, see note
13 A. S. 785.

As to strikes as affecting liability of carrier, see Kerr's Cyc.
C. C. § 2196 and note.

As to subrogation of insurer to rights of carrier, see note
44 A. S. 734, 736.

As to when declarations of agent are admissible against
principal, see note 52 A. D. 312.

Act of God— As affecting liability of.— See 3 A. C. 450; 4 A. C.
128; 8 A. C. 45; 8 A. C. 308.

Same — As excuse, exception In contract, Inevitable accident.
— See 11 L. 615.

Same — As irresistible, superhuman cause. — See 27 A. S. 198; 19
L. 188; 1 W. & P. 120.

Same — As to what Is within the meaning' of the law of. — See
18 A, R. 618.

1101



§ 2114 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

Same — As without negligence. — See 86 A. D. 415; 95 A. D. 115;
1 W. & P. 120.

Same — Climatic conditions. — See 1 W. «& P. 121.

Same— Collision.— See 80 A. D. 627; 1 W. & P. 121.

Same— Contagious disease.— See 38 A. R. 206; 1 W. & P. 121

Same — ^Co-operating with negligence of carrier. — See 3 A. C
453.

Sam Defective appliances, materials, etc. — See 23 A. D. 131

42 A. D. 264; 1 W. & P. 121.

Same— Definition of.— See 4 A. C. 128; 6 A. D. 306; 7 A. D. 2:^"

43 A. D. 444; 64 A. D. 394; 71 A. D. 582; 80 A. D. 627; 91 A. D
452; 97 A. D. 406; 19 A. R. 631; 53 A. S. 332; 35 L. 356; 41 L,
ed. 1039; 1 W. & P. 118-126.

Same — Earthquake. — See 1 W. & P. 122.

Same— Fire.- See 74 A. D. 639; 18 A. R. 613; 1 W. & P. 122.

Same — Flood.— See 71 A. D. 153; 86 A. D. 415; 95 A. D. 115;
24 A. S. 929; 53 A. S. 332; 1 L. 619; 35 L. 356; 19 L. ed. 909; 1
W. & P. 122.

Same— Freezing.— See 28 A. D. 521; 97 A. D. 406; 41 A. R. 696;
1 W. & P. 123.

Same— Illness.— See 37 A. D. 66; 46 A. D. 393; 47 L. 581; 33 L.
ed. 458; 1 W. & P. 124.

Same — Inevitable or unavoidable accident. — See 86 A. D. 292;
22 A. S. 403: 11 L. 615; 1 W. & P. 120.

Same — Negligence or tortious act of insane agent or servant,
liability of principal for. — See 4 A. C. 135.

Same — Of obstructions at sea. — See 7 A. D. 235; 71 A. D. 532; 86
A. D. 292; 27 A. R. 28; 41 L. ed. 1039; 1 W. & P. 124.

Same — Perils of the sea. — See 1 W. & P. 124.

Same — Rain.— See 91 A. D. 452; 35 L. 458; 1 W. & P. 125.

Same— Snow.— See 93 A. D. 315; 1 W. & P. 125.

Same — Storm.— See 11 A. D. 632; 64 A. D. 394; 1 W. & P. 125.

Same— Wind.— See 5 A. D. 200; 6 A. D. 306; 19 A. R. 631; 1 W.
& P. 126.

Action against — Allegations and proof. — See 5 A. C. 97.

Same — Damages recoverable for misdelivery of stock. — See
5 A. C. 59.

Same — Estoppel to plead defense of limitation of action on
carrier's contract. — See 63 L. 206.

Same — Questions of law and fact. — See 4 A. C. 128.

Same — Who is real party in interest entitled to maintain. —
See 64 L. 617.

Agreements and stipulations which may extort from shippers
and their effect as extorted. — See 13 A. S. 782; 46 A. S. 777.

Agreements fixing the value of property shipped. — See 23 A.
S. 595.

Animals — Liability for injuries to during transportation. — See
67 A. D. 208; 12 A. R. 500.

1102



Tit.VII,ch.III,art.II.] CARRIERS, generally. §2114

As bailees. — See 6 L. 619; 6 L. 853.

As insurer. — See 1 L. 702; 3 L. 424.

Assault by employees, liability for. — See 42 A. R. 36.

Baggage transfer companies — As common carriers. — See 34 L.
137-140.

Bill of lading — As to generally, see note § 2126, post.

By messengers — Liability of for. — See 4 A. C. 767; 5 A. C. 796.

By water — Loss for which not liable. — See 41 A. D. 281.

Same — Responsibility of. — See 2 L. 173.

Carrier's contract — Conflict of laws as to. — See 4 A. C. 1102,
1106; 63 L. 513.

Claims against, conditions limiting time within which may be
presented. — See 31 A. R. 509.

Cold storage or refrigerator cars, duty respecting. — See 90
'A. S. 300.

Conditions limiting time within which claims against may be'
presented. — See 31 A. R. 509.

Connecting carriers — As to liability beyond own line, see 4
L. 545; 9 L. 833, 834; 63 L. 530.

Same — Burden of proof as between to show who is at. fault for
loss or injury. — See 101 A. S. 392.

Same— Joint liability of. — See 4 L. 545; 9 L. 834.

Same — Liability beyond own line. — See 1 L. 705; 4 L. 545; 6 L.
853; 9 L. 835; 13 L. 34.

Same — Liability of first carrier for goods lost on. — See 2
A. R. 141; 1 L. 705.

Same — Liability of for detaining freight on account of mis-
take as to amount due. — See 6 L. N. S. 1054.

Same — Liability of the receiving carrier beyond his line. —
See 42 A. R. 664.

Same — Refusal of to surrender freight induced by mistake as
to the rate due, or as to payment of charges, as a conversion.
—See 6 L. N. S. 1048.

Same — Rights and liabilities of. — See 4 L. 376; 4 L. 545; 6 L.
849; 7 L. 214; 9 L. 833; 10 L. 415.

Same — Statute regulating liability of as interference with
interstate commerce. — See 7 L. N. S. 388.

Connecting lines — Liability of initial carriers for the torts or
negligence of. — See 106 A. S. 604.

Consignee — Liability of to servants of carrier. — See 46 L.
97.

Same— Right of as against carrier to reject consignment of
freight for delay in transportation. — See 12 L. N. S. 431.

Same — Right to goods without payment 6f freight, where
damages equal or exceed amount of freight due.— See 9 A. C.
794.

Contract — Of transportation, made by agent. — See 9 L. 833.

Same — To impostor by carrier. — See 37 L. 177.

1103



§ 2114 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III,Pt.IV.

Same — To make at designated point. — See 10 L. 416.

Same — To whom to be made under bill of lading. — See 38 L.
358-366.

Conversion by — As to, generally, see 2 L. 80.

Same — Effect of seizure of goods by judicial process to relieve
carrier from liability. — See 9 L. 263; 13 L. 135.

Same — Payment or tender of freight charges conditions
precedent to action of trover. — See 21 L. 117.

Sanip — Permitting unauthorized inspection as. — See 3 L. N.
S. 1126.

Same — Refusal of connecting carrier to surrender freight
induced by a mistake as to rate due and as to payment of
charges, as a. — See 6 L. N. S. 148.

Same — When tender of freight money not condition of, by
carrier's refusal to surrender goods. — See 6 L. N. S. 1058.

Customs and usages of and their effect. — See 50 A. D. 99.

Damage — Liability of for. — See "Liability of — For loss or
damage," this note.

Delay — In transportation, what will excuse. — See 9 L. 836.

Same — In unloading caused by strike. — See 35 L. 630.

Same — Liability for. — See 9 A. C. 790.

Same — Measure of damages for. — See "Measure of damages,"
this note.

Delay in transportation — Liability of railroad company for,
due to inadequate facilities. — See 10 L. N. S. 432.

Same — Right of consignee to reject consignments for. — See 12
L. N. S. 431.

Delivery — Custom or usage at port of, as part of contract. —
See 1 L. 650.

Same — Effect of misdelivery. — See 6 L. 849.

Same — Failure to make as prima facie evidence of negligence
and liability. — See 13 L. 33.

Same — Liability for wrongful. — See 6 L. 853.

Same — Sufflciency of by carrier by water to terminate its
liability. — See 6 A. C. 16.

Same — Time of notice to warrant special damages for failure
of carrier to make. — See 3 L. N. S. 1111.

Same — To carrier, as delivery to purchaser. — See 62 L. 798.

Same — To wrong person, liability foi-. — See 5 A. C. 97, 100.

Same — What amounts to. — See 8 A. D. 214.

Same — When excused by their seizure under process. — See 34
A. S. 735.

Same — Who may maintain action for non. — See 22 L. 427.

Delivery of goods by, to whom may be made, and liability for
delivery to wrong person. — See 9 A. S. 511.

Demurrage — As to generally, see "Freight", this note.

Same — ^Charge for detention of caused by consignee. — See
22 L. 530.

1104



Tit.VII,cll.III,art.II.] CARRIERS, GENERALLY. § 2114

Same — Effect and construction of express provision in charter
party, as to in case of strike, see 5 L. N. S. 126.

Same — Liability of shipper for. — See 30 A. S. 635.

Same — Lien for. — See 3 L. N. S. 327.

Same — Lien of carrier by water for in absence of contract. —
See 5 A. C. 388.

Same — Lien of railroad company for. — See 4 A. C. 15.

Same — Maritime lien for. — See 70 L. 374.

Deterioration of goods caused by delivery, liability of for. —
See 11 A. S. 360.

Discrimination by — Between shippers as to rates.— See 1 A. C.
52, 55.

Same — What are unreasonable and unlawful. — See 11 A. S. 647.

Same — When improper and unlawful. — See 44 A. R. 568; 54
A. R. 862.

Distinction as to liability between carriers of goods and pas-
sengers. — See 2 L. 252.

Domestic commerce — As to whether shipments between points
in same state lose their character as, by passing out of the
state delivering the cars of transportation. — See 17 L. 443.

Duty of — As to damaged goods, see 13 A. D. 472.

Same — As to delivery and collection of packages by express
company, see 33 L. 36.

Same — As affected after strike. — See 35 L. 623.

Same — On adverse claim being made to goods. — See 34 A. S. 731.

Same — Persons loading or unloading not bare licensees. — See
1. A. C. 601.

Same — Railroad company to give equal facilities to express
companies. — See 18 L. 393.

Same — To furnish cars, independentlj' of contract. — See 43 L.
225; 8 L. N. S. 108.

Same — To ice cars containing perishable freight. — See 10 A.
C. 171.

Same — To inspect cold storage or refrigerator cars. — See 90
A. S. 300.

Same — To keep premises safe for shippers or consignees. —
See 1 A. C. 598; 9 A. C. 988.

Same — To recognize demands of strangers on property deliv-
ered to it for transportation. — See 12 L. N. S. 254.

Same — With respect to refrigerator cars. — See 10 L. N. S. 307.

Employees, liability for assault by. — See 42 A. R. 36.

Estoppel to plead defense of limitation of action on carrier's
contract. — See 63 L. 206.

Express companies — Duties of. — See 61 A. S. 360.

Same — In delivery of C. O. D. packages may be agents of
both the seller and the purchaser. — See 51 A. R. 570.

Same — Relation of and of their employees to the carrier. —
See 64 A. S. 513.

1105



§ 2114 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

Fire, liability of for loss or injury by. — See 5 A. C. 818, 821.

Forwarding merchants, who are. — See 7 A. D. 313; 3 W. &
P. 2926.

Freight — Excessive, payment of, when deemed voluntary and
when involuntary. — See 51 A. R. 820.

Same — Right to, when becomes complete. — See 60 A. D. 49.

Same — ^Unreasonable charges by interstate carriers. — See 9 A.
C. 1075, 1082.

Garn->.'-iment of goods in transit. — See 50 A. S. 465; 69 A. S. 125.

GootJs wrongfully shipped, liability for. — See 9 A. C. 677.

Holding goods, after arrival at destination, at request and
for convenience of consignee, liability of for. — See 10 A. G. 442.

Icing cars, duty of where carrying perishable freight. — See
10 A. C. 171.

Impossibilities of performance as affecting carrier's liability
under contract. — See 14 L. 216.

Interstate or foreign transportation, shipment within state
as part of. — See 17 L. 643.

Interstate transportation, of intoxicating liquors, what is
sufficient. — See 11 L. N. S. 550.

Intoxicating liquors, liability of carrier for transporting. —
See 46 L. 417-422.

Liability of — As carrier of money. — See 4 A. C. 769.

Same — As warehouseman. — See 10 A. C. 437, 442.

Same — Distinction as to between carriers of goods and pas-
sengers.- — See 2 L. 252.

Same — Extent of — Allowance of interest on damages. — See 18
L. 451.

Same — Same — Conclusiveness of shipper's valuation. — See 4
L. 545.

Same — Same — Conflict of laws as to. — See 63 L. 529.

Same^ — Same — Loss of profits as elements of damage. — See 53
L. 83.

Same — Same — Restriction of by valuation. — See 6 L. 851.

Same — Same — Rule as to valuation fixed in bill of lading. —
See 12 L. 799.

Same — For acts of servants. — See 8 A. R. 317.

Same — For assault by employees. — See 42 A. R. 36.

Same — For damages caused by act of God. — See "Act of God,"
this note.

Same — For damages caused by act of God co-operating with
its own negligence. — See 3 A. C. 453.

Same — For delay caused by mobs or unlawful conduct of em-
ployers. — See 9 A. C. 790; 4 L. 545.

Same — For delivery to wrong person. — See 5 A. C. 97, 100.

Same — For discrimination between shippers as to rates. — See
1 A. C. 52, 55.

Same — For failure to forward bonded merchandise. — See 4 L.
N. S. 1060.

1106



i



Tit.VII,ch.III,ait.II.] CARRIERS, GENERALLY. § 2114

Same— For goods wrongfully shipped.— See 9 A. C. 677.
Same— For Injuries caused to shippers or consignees by unsafe
premises.— See 1 A. C. 598; 9 A. C. 998. ^ o qt a

Same— For injuries done by strikes and mobs.— See 97 A.

Same— For injuries resulting to consignor or consignee from
failure to furnish safe cars.— See 9 A. C. 990.

Same— For injuries to animals during transportation.— See
67 A. D. 208; 12 A. R. 500.

Same— For injuries to consignor or consignee^ or their em-
ployees caused by unsafe car.— See 9 L. N. S. 857.

Same— For loss occasioned partly by the act of God and
partly by other means. — See 97 A. S. 409.

Same— For loss of goods.— See 31 A. D. 554. ^ .-r,

Same— For loss or damage— As to, generally, see o A. C. 4oU.

Same-Same-By act of God.-See "Act of God," this note.

Same— Same— Co-operating with on negligence.— See 3 A.

C. 453.
'same- Same— For loss by fire.— See 5 A. C. 818, 821.

Same— Same— Misrepresentation or concealment of nature or
value of goods by shipper as affecting liability for loss or
injury.— See 5 A. C. 118, 120.

Same— Same— Selection of suitable car by shipper as affect-
ing liability for damage by defective car.— See 4 A. C. 11 4U.

Same— Same— To perishable freight.— See 3 A. C. 450, 10 A.

C. 169, 171. ^ ^ ^ , a„^ 11

Same— For loss or deterioration of goods by delay.— bee ii

■game—For malicious refusal of freight agent to deliver
freight.— See 7 L. N. S. 926.

Same— For negligent or tortious act of insane agent or
employee. — See 4 A. C. 135.

Same— For property removed by, or delivered to one whom
it was directed to notify.— See 4 L. N. S. 1056.

Same— Impossibilities of performance as affecting under con-
tract.— See 14 L. 216. . A r 767- 5 A

Same— In carriage by messengers.- See 4 A. C. 7b/, i> a.

'same- Initial carriers for the torts or negligence of con-
necting lines.— See 106 A. S. 406. a-o- a a
Same— Limitation of— As to, generally, see 1 A. C. 6.-. 4 A.
C 128- 7 A C. 281; 7 A. C. 468; 9 A. C. 15; 9 A. C. 1143.

'same— Same— Authority of agent shipping goods to enter
into contract limiting liability of carrier.- See 1 A. C. 6<6.

Same— Same— By notices or tickets, baggage checks, bills of
lading, etc.— See 50 A. S. 719.

Same— Same— Conflict of laws.— See 4 A. C. 1102, 1106.

1107



§ 2114 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

Same — Same — Effect of authorized deviation by vessel on
contract limiting liability for loss or damage to cargo. — See

7 A. C. 283.

Same — Same — Validity and effect of contract stipulation lim-
iting time to present claim. — See 9 A. C. 17.

Same — Same — Validity of stipulation in bill of lading limit-
ing liability of connecting carrier to its own line. — See 7 A.
C. 471.

Same^-Limited by bill of lading. — See 88 A. S. 74.

Same — Measure of damages. — See "Measure of damages," this
note.

Same — On holding goods, after arrival at destination, at
request and convenience of consignee. — See 10 A. C. 442.

Same — Power to limit in the event of loss to a sum less
than the injury suffered. — See 23 A. S. 593.

Same — Power to limit, and how may be exercised. — See 32
A. D. 495.

Same — Railroad for delay in transportation, due to inade-
quate facilities.— See 10 L. N. S. 432.

Same — Railroad for loss of registered letter. — See 5 L. N.
S. 459.

Same — Stipulations exempting from, when void. — See 31 A.
R. 567.

Same — Termination of — As to generally, see 6 A. C. 13, 16.

Same — Same — As affected by its fault preventing removal of
goods.— See 8 L. N. S. 235.

Same — To persons loading or unloading cars. — See 1 A.
C. 601.

Same — When commences. — See 13 L. 33.

Same — When ends, and what amounts to delivery by. — See

8 A. D. 214; 7 A. R. 595.

Same — When reduced to that of warehouseman. — See 97 A.
S. 84.

Liens — As to, generally, see 3 A. C. 1092: 4 A. C. 12; 5 A. C.
387; 7 A. C. 790; 7 A. C. 960; 9 A. C. 790.

Same— For charges. — See "Demurrage," "Freight," this note.

Same — For freight. — See 4 L. 376.

Same — Maritime for freight. — See 70 L. 368.

Same^ — Of carrier by water for deinurrage in absence of con-
tract. — See 5 A. C. 388.

Same — Of railroad for demurrage charges. — See 4 A. C. 15.

Same — On goods tortiously delivered to it. — See 3 A. C. 1095.

Same — Right of consignee to goods without payment of
freight where damages equal or exceed amount of freight due.
—See 9 A. C. 794.

Same — Waiver of, by attachment or execution. — See 50 L. 721.

Same — Waiver of by delivery to consignor's agent on prom-
ise to retain goods until payment of freight charges. — See 7
A. 0. 961.

1108



Tit.VII,ch.III,art.TI.] CARRIERS, GENERALLY. § 2114

Limitation of liability of.-See "Liability of-Limitation," this

Same— Bv carrier of live stock.— See 4 A. C. 128; 5 A. C. 97.

lame-By notices or tickets, baggage checks, bills of ladmg.
etc.— See 5 A. S. 719.

Same— By valuation.— See 6 L. 851.

Same-Conflict of laws as to.-See 4 A. C. 1102 1106^63 L 525.

Same— Contracts for reasonable exemptions.— See 13 L. ibz.

Same— For loss by fire or flood.— See 10 L. 417.

Same— In case of dangerous articles.- See 36 L. 64b.

Same-Misrepresentation of value of goods by shipper^ as
affecting amount of liability for loss or damage.-See 2 L. N.

S 973
■game— Of baggage transfer company.— See 34 L. 138.
Same— Power to limit in case of negligence.— See 14 L iS6.
Same— Right to limit common law. in absence of negligence. .

""lame-Right'to restrict common law ^^'^"^0?;. Tr'iS-'lI
1 L. 500; 3 L. 343; 3 L. 425; 6 L. 849; 7 L. 214. 10 L. 419. 13

"^"slme-Validity and effect of contract stipulation limiting
time to present claim against carrier of live stock.-See 9 A.

*^'slme-Validity of contract limiting time to bring suit.-See

^ Samt-Valuation of property as affecting recovery for loss
by negligence. — See 1 L. N. S. 985.

Samc-What constitutes damage by the elements in contiact
of —See 53 L. 676; 3 W. & P. 2345.

Live stock— Contract for presentation of claim for damages,
reasonableness of time fixed.— See 7 L. N. S. 1041.

Same— Liability of. for.— See 13 A. R. 53.

Same-Respective duties of. and of the shippers of.— Sec 63

""'t^osI'ov damage, liability for.-See "Liability of-For loss or
damage," this note.

Mandamus against. — See 37 A. S. 320.

Maritime lien for freight.— See 70 L. 368. .0^. -

Measure of damages.— As to. generally, see 3 A. C. 58-.
A C 573- 5 A. C. 825; 9 A. C. 790. .

'same— For delay in transportin^g property intended for exhi-
bition purposes. — See 5 A. C. 827.

Misrepresentation where concealment of nature or value of

goods by shipper, as affecting carrier's liability for their loss

or injury. — See 5 A. C. 120. , • •*• 1

Negligence or torts of connecting lines, liability of initial

carriers for. — See 106 A. S. 604.

1109



I 2114 CIVIL CODE. [Div.III.Pt.IV.

Notices contained in tickets and bill of lading. — See 15 A. R.
457; 29 A. R. 166; 5 A. S. 719.

Obligation of to receive goods from all persons. — See 44 A.
R. 568.

Of live stock — Contract limiting liability. — See 9 L. 452.

Same — Duties and liabilities of — As to condition of stock



Online LibraryCaliforniaThe codes of California as amended and in force at the close of the thirty-eighth session of the Legislature, 1909 (Volume 2 Civil Code) → online text (page 92 of 156)