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EniTKD AND PUBLISHKD BY BENJAMIN LUiNDY, BALTlMOaE, MD.



''We 'lold tliese tnitlis to be self-cvidfiiit: that all meu are created equal, and oiulowed by their Creator with cer-
lain unalienable rights; tiiat among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."— Dt.'. Independence U. S-



No. 6. Vol. iV.



VIAKCH, 1G25



VV HUJ



4i/.



O" Ovviu^ to oircuinstauces, over which the editor had
Ho control, the publication of this fluinber has been delay-
ed a few days beyond the proper time for its appearance.
It is iiopad that the necessity for an apology, ou that
•core, will not oft n e.\i6t.



HAYTIEN EMIGRATfON SOCIETY
The ijiidersigned has opened an Office at
No. 2, South Calvert Street, Baltimore, tor the
transaction oi" business relative to Haytien
Eiiii^'ration This Oilice will be under the con-
trol 01 the Board ot .vlanagers ol the Haytien
Emigration Society. The names of all such
coloured persons as may, under the lavvsoi this
State, be at liberty, and have a desire to remove
to the Rtpuhlic of Hayti, will be taken, and
every necessary information given them, grat-
is, in respect to the terras of settlement there,
the time of vessels sailinoved by
a candid and silent f xamin; lion of f ctliMl to build or pnrcliasc
a {)lace for public worsiiip, and tor the instruc-
tion, in a day and Sunday S(diool, of the many
coloured ciiildren in our city, who are now
destitute of those privileges —

We, the subscribers, therefore, do hereby
agree to contribute the sums annexed to our
names, resj)ectively, to be deposited in tlu
hands of the Rigiitllev. Bishp]) Kemp, who has
kindly consented to acce]it the trust, for the
purpose of eflectins the above desirable objects.
March ISIh, 1825.



EMIGRATION TO HAYTI— NO. V.



md Portuguese Court of Mixed Commis-
sion. It appears that tlie first was rated
it 120 tons burden, but actually measu-
: ed little more tl.an 66 tons, and carried
!56 slaves, besides her crew, 18 in num-
ber. The second was rateii at 146 tons,
aid measured between 95 and 96 tons —
•■he had on board ^60 slaves. The third
was rated at 281 tons, but measured less
than 166. — On board this ship were
s!^owed 465 slaves, besides her crew of
33 in nuiubcr. The height of the rooms,
(T! which the slaves were confined, varied
from tvvo feet six inches, to three feet
eleven inches.

The editor of the Gazette concludes
his remarks, on this subject, as follows: —

"We have here 328 tons of shipping,
licenced to carry 1,245, and actually con-



"The single colony of Sierra Leone has done
more for the abolition of the African slave tradejiveying iVom the coast 881 slaves; being
than all the friends of universal emancipation " " " " "

in America."



So says my friend '^Benevolus.''^ — Now
let us examine the subject a little, and
see what has been efl'ected towards the
abolition of that detestable "trade,"which
has called forth the eloquence and the
energy of British and American states-
men, for nearly half a century. It is my
intention to shew, not only that it has not
been, but that it will not be, that it ca7i-
not be abolished, merely by carrying on a
system of foreign operations: but that, on
the contrary, the MARKET for slaves
must be annihilated, ere that desirable
event will be brought about. I think it
susceptible of the clearest demonstration,
that the slave trade is carried on as ex-
tensively, on the coast of Africa at pres-
ent, as ever it was. This being the case,
it must necessarily follow, that the efforts
of those who have succeeded in destroy-
ing the market for slaves in the United
States, Mexico, the new Flepublics of
South America, &c. have "done more for
the abolition of the Afi-ican slave trade
than all the friends of" African coloniza
tion in the world !

The bierra Leone Royal Gazette, of
the 2Uth Nov. 1824, notices the manner
in which three slave vessels were loaded
4-c. &c. which were recently taken into
that port for adjudication, in the British



(in these three vessels) at the rate of 11
to every four tons, besides the men navi-
gating them, ant! the water and provision
necessary for so great a number of peo-
ple for the voyage, together with their
boats and ship's stores. As the men and
women thus embarked were 712 in num-
ber, and supposing the children, both
boys and girls, to be either always kept
on deck, or confined to the long boat (as
is the practice,) still, only a little more
than three and a fourth square feet was
allowed for each adult African thus ship-
ped — a space which, we would suppose,
no human being could long exist in; and,
indeed, the number of deaths, and the
emaciated state of the survivors, too fully
prove this to be the case ! From the
crowded state of these vessels, we do not
hesitate to say, that it would be impossi-
ble to cram the number on board which
the authorities of the Brazils (by sanc-
tioning these false descriptions of vessels)
give the masters permission to take; it is,
therefore, to a certain extent, useless,
although proving to the world that this
government, not content with allowing
their subjects to carry on the odious traf-
fic, sanction such means of doing so as
aggravate the misery of the unfortunate
victims thus forced away from their fami-
lies and country. We sliall make no fur-
Jther remark§ on this painful subject, sat-



14



GENIUS OF UNIVERSAL EMVNCIfATION.



Fiul Juslilitt liaat Cetlum.



istitid that »!uch cruel dereption as is
clearly slieuii to be sanctioned by this
Toner, which is thus adiliii;! Inrther hor-
rors to tiie already detestable slave trade,
«ill not be overlooked by our Ciovern-
inent, who are, no dt)ubt, in possession ol
the I'acts, rroni our gallant (Jouiniodore
and his olVicers."

The lollowing is an extract from the
sanie paper.

"The French slave trade has lately
most considerably increased ib the riveis
Bonny and old Calabar. Spycral new
vessels have arrived, and tflany laden
with lull cara;ocs ol human victims, have
lelt under the white th'j;, and manned by
Frenclituen, althou,itid employ



sl.ives. — And a writer in a W est-Indiii
i'aper, unoer dale ol J.niuaiy i;.ih, It'^S,
«t,ites that a ^ reuih bri^, with a caijio of
Ji'U sliives, Wiis lalleii in with ofi !m. Ja-
■j^o de Cuba, by the Liiu.-h ^lll|) l'rin:Io^e,
Capt. Stoddiirt, whicli she (klainei. ; nd
brouiiht into 1 ort Ivoynl, Jau.aica, on the
l/(h uk. 'J his vessel with the whole of
her cargo, was ui a lew days alterwj.ids
delivered up to the C;iptam, unci was ac-
compapied to St. Jiigo iie Cuba, by the
Primrose. The toilowing observi't.fns
on the subject, are taken Ironi the Jauiai-
ca Jouinal.

'•11 ;.ny further facts are required to
buisi the bubble that has so long ailracled
the pluianiluopic p-atrenage oi the liit,sh



ed is osteu'^ibly Spanish. In order thallipuidic. in the sb.ipe ol the Sierra l,e( ne
our readers may judge o# the barbarity! Company, for the en iiization ol the Al-



and want of feeling evmced by these sub
jects ofau enli;;htened nation, which pub
licly disavows such horrible and infamous
conduct, we desire to make known that
the Le Loin's, commanded bjtoae Oiseau,
in completing her cargo of eluvcs in the
Old Calab.ir, a lew weeks sruce. without
the slightest spark of humanity in him,
thrust the whole of these unfortunate beings
belXi)eeii decks, (at p o-
portion of the slaves on board had been
shipped from the settlenunl of Sierra Le-



pul rid atmosphere they zi'ere condemned ^y'jone, to be sold to any ot the Kiencli or
respire'.! The wretch coolly ordered jSpanish isl.mds in te West Indies, that
the bodies of these miserable victims of i)tlered the most protitable m.irket for
his total want of human feeling to b( ithem. It appears that an Englishm.m,
thrown into the river, and immediately of" the name of Marshall, an iniiabitant of



proceeded on shore to complete his ex(
crable cargo by fresh purchases of hi-
fellow creatures. To detail the informa-
tion we li u'' '•"y an instruction to the Committee
on the Suppression of the Slave Trade,
of the 15th of .January, 1822, the same
gubject was a third time brought directly
before the House of Representatives. —
The instruction called ihe attention of the
committee to the present condition of the!
African slave trade; to the defects of any
of the existing laws tor its suppression,
and to their appropriate remedies. In
the report made in obedience to this in-
struction, on the 12th of April, 1822, the
conmiiltee state, t at, after having con-
sulted all the evidence within their reach.
thev are broug it to the mourutul conclu-
sion, that the traffic prevailed to a greater
extent than ever, and with increased ma-
lignity; that its total suppression, or even
sensible diminution, cannot be expected
from the separate and disunited efforts of
one or more states, so long as a single tlai
remains to cover it from detection and
punishment. T'ey renew, therefore, as
the only practicable and efficient remedy,]
the concurrence of the United States with
the maritime Powers of Europe, in a mo
dified and reciprocal exercise of the right
ot' search."

Enough has been said to shew that,
notwithstanding the opinion is abroad
which has con-;ign>(i trie sl;ive trade to
the ''tomb ot the capultits;" and although
many are congr;ilul.iting themselves, in
tl e belief that the seal of destruction h is
bef^n set upo n it; stil!, we see that it is
yet pursued as vigorously as we can itn-



Lnne it ever to have been, and in all its
orrid forms. If we have not "contirma-
lion strong as proofs from holy writ," we
live, at least, evidence which ought to
satisfy any reasonable mind, of the inad-
quacy of the measures that have hitherto
been adopted, to put an end to this vile
traffic. Our statesmen have calculated
most confidently on their efficacy, but
they have been deceived; and I hesitate
not to assert that they v.'ill still be deceiv-
ed, if they depend upon a system of for-
eign operations, and expect to destroy it
by treating it as piracy. True, many
slave dealers have been captured, and
some of them will probably be hung; but
this does not destroy the "rrac/e." It is
merely like the lopping off a (evf branch-
es of a thrifty willow, by the side of a
fruitful fountain — Its exut)erance is, mo-
sMcntarily, checked — but, in a very short
time, fifty vigorous shoots put forth, for
every limb that has been amputated. —
rhough the crime of "piracy" be attach-
ed to the c nduct of the slave trader, it
avails but little, while a thousand opportu-
nities are at hand to escape its penalties.
He cares not what hard names salute
his ear, while he sees the golden smile
playing in the countenance of his abu-
ser! If the severity of his threatened
punishment be increased, he will increase
his vigilance. — And he will rarely be de-
tected, as long as those who keep open
the market for his hum.an plunder afford
every facility in their power for his es-
cape. It may be considered a bold asser-
tion, but it may nevertheless be made,
without the fear of refutation, that many
of 'he custom-house and naval otTicers,
wlio are charged with the execution of
the laws against those hardened freeboot-
ers, are, themselves, mstrument.d in car-
rying on the nefarious business. — And so
it will be, while sordid interest contmues
to sway the human heart, and the means
ire so near at hand to gratify the lust for
gold. Why, it may be asked, has not the
-lystem of piracy, in the West Indies, been
!l, entice darinjjand soul-less ad-


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Online LibraryCambridge Massachusetts Daughters of the American RevolutionGenius of universal emancipation (Volume 49) → online text (page 1 of 4)