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Montana Comprehensive
Highway Safety Plan



Annual Element




State of Montana
Department of Transportation




sewing you with pride



in cooperation with:

Federal Highway Administration

National Highway Traffic Safety

Administration
Blackfeet Tribe

Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes
Crow Tribe
Chippewa Cree Tribe



Little Shell Tribe
Northern Cheyenne Tribe
Fort Peck Tribes
Montana Highway Patrol
Montana Motor Vehicle Division
Montana Office of Public Instruction
Montana Department of Justice
Office of the Court Administrator



Federal Motor Carrier Administration
Montana Metropolitan Planning

Organizations
Montana Department of Public Health

and Human Services

prepared by:

Cambridge Systematics, Inc.



September 2006



I ntroduction



The Annual Element of the Montana Comprehensive Highway Safety Plan provides, for each CHSP emphasis area,
descriptions of programs and countermeasures currently being implemented and detailed information on new strategies to
be undertaken through the CHSP. The Annual Element will be maintained and updated annually by the CHSP Committee to
provide documentation and updates for Montana's existing highway safety programs and to report the status of CHSP
strategy implementation.



Table of Contents



Emphasis Area #1: Safety Belt Use 1-1

Safety Belt - Existing Programs 1-2

Safety Belt - New Strategies 1-9

Emphasis Area #2: Alcohol- and Drug-Impaired Driving Crashes 2-1

Alcohol- and Drug-Impaired Driving - Existing Programs 2-2

Alcohol- and Drug-Impaired Driving - New Strategies 2-16

Emphasis Area #3: Native American Crashes 3-1

Native Americans - Existing Programs 3-2

Native Americans - New Strategies 3-13

Emphasis Area #4: Single Vehicle Run-Off-The-Road Crashes 4-1

Single Vehicle Run-Off -The Road Crashes - Existing Programs 4-2

Single Vehicle Run-Off -The Road Crashes - New Strategies 4-7

Emphasis Area #5: Traffic Records Management 5-1

Traffic Records Management - Existing Programs 5-2

Traffic Records Management - New Strategies 5-6

Emphasis Area #6: Young Driver Crashes 6-1

Young Drivers - Existing Programs 6-2

Young Drivers - New Strategies 6-17



Emphasis Area #7: High-Crash Corridors/High-Crash Locations 7-1

High-Crash Corridors/ High-Crash Locations - Existing Programs 7-2

High-Crash Corridors/ High-Crash Locations - New Strategies 7-7

Emphasis Area #8: Truck Crashes 8-1

Truck Crashes - Existing Programs 8-2

Truck Crashes - New Strategies 8-8

Emphasis Area #9: Emergency Medical Services Delivery 9-1

Emergency Medical Services Delivery - Existing Programs 9-2

Emergency Medical Services Delivery - New Strategies 9-4

Emphasis Area #10: Urhan Area Crashes 10-1

Urban Area Crashes - Existing Programs 10-2

Urban Area Crashes - New Strategies 10-3

Emphasis Area #11: Motorcycle Crashes 11-1

Motorcycle Crashes - Existing Programs 11-2

Motorcycle Crashes - New Strategies 11-3

Emphasis Area #12: Older Driver Crashes 12-1

Older Driver Crashes - Existing Programs 12-2

Older Driver Crashes - New Strategies 12-3



u



Emphasis Area #1. Safety Belt Use



Champion: Mike Cooney (State Senator) and Priscilla Sinclair (MDT-SHTSO)
Objective: Increase Safety Belt Usage to 90 Percent.
Performance Measures:

• Annual statewide safety belt utilization for all roads; and

• Annual restraint use by occupant fatalities.

Montana has secondary law enforcement for safety belt use, meaning that there must be another reason for stopping a vehicle
other than noncompliance with safety belt laws before a violation can be charged. Although Montana ranks relatively high
for overall seat belt usage among states with secondary law enforcement (80.0 percent in 2005 for all roads), NHTSA
documentation shows that most states with a primary enforcement law have higher compliance rates. Montana has
established a variety of programs to encourage safety belt use and proper utilization of child safety restraints. New strategies
focus on the establishment of a primary safety belt law and targeted enforcement and education for low belt use populations.



l-i



Safety Belts

Existing Programs



1-2



Priority - Increase Safety Belt Usage to 90 Percent



Strat.

No.


EDUCATION
Current Strategies


Reference Document


Funding Agency


Implementing
Agency


Overview of Actions


Effectiveness


NHTSA*


AASHTO 2


1.


Annual Safety Belt
Observation Study


MT Occupant Protection
for Children Assessment
Report 2005


Montana State
Highway Traffic
Safety Office (MDT-
SHTSO)


MDT-SHTSO


Annual survey of belt use among drivers and front seat
passengers.






2.


Established position of
State Lead Instructor for
Child Passenger Safety


MT Occupant Protection
for Children Assessment
Report 2005


MDT-SHTSO


Missoula City/ County
Health Department


Leads planning and coordination of Child Passenger Safety
(CPS) certification classes and assures class compliance with
NHTSA and Safe Kids Certification Program policies and
guidelines.






3.


Missoula City Council
Health Department to
coordinate with local SKSC
organizations


Highway Safety Plan (HSP)
2006


MDT-SHTSO


Missoula City Council
Health Department


Coordinator will show locals how to:

• Develop public service announcements (PSAs) on seat belts;

• Work with law enforcement to get them involved in doing
seatbelt overtime with national mobilizations; and

• Conduct child safety seat training.


Proven (3.1)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 Al)


4.


Public information and
education (PI&E) materials
on occupant protection


HSP 2006


MDT-SHTSO


MDT-SHTSO


Fund and produce PI&E materials, manuals, brochures,
pamphlets, flyers, poster, and other products on occupant
protection that includes seatbelts and child passenger safety.


Proven (3.1)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)


5.


Child Safety Seat Train the
Trainers Workshops


HSP 2006

Healthy Mothers, Healthy
Babies (HMHB) web site

Safe Kids Worldwide


MDT-SHTSO


Montana Safe Kids
Coalition


Safe Kids National: four basic steps for completing instructor
candidacy: 1) Successfully meet all eligibility requirements;
2) Register and pay for candidacy; 3) Submit all required
documentation for approval within six months of registration;
and 4) Upon approval, successfully participate as an instructor
for a certification course within one year of candidacy approval.


Proven (3.1)


Vol.11: Tried
(8.1 B3)



1 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: Hedlund, James. Countermeasure That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices, NHTSA/ GHSA, 2005. Strategy
reference is shown in parentheses.

2 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Report 500 Series, Volume 11 (Seatbelt Use), NCHRP. Strategy reference is shown in parentheses.



Montana Comprehensive Transportation Safety Plan Current Strategies & Programs



1-3



Priority - Increase Safety Belt Usage to 90 Percent (continued)



Strat.

No.


EDUCATION
Current Strategies


Reference Document


Funding Agency


Implementing
Agency


Overview of Actions


Effectiveness


NHTSAi


AASHTO 2


6.


Safe Kids Coalitions and
Safe Kids Safe
Communities local
coalitions


HSP 2006


MDT-SHTSO/
HMHB


SKSC coalitions


85 percent of Montana's population is covered by SKSC
Coalitions. Each coalition conducts:

• Multiple occupant projection projects;

• PI&E for public;

• Support law enforcement during national campaigns;

• "Saved by the Belt" awards programs;

• Educational campaigns on proper installation of child safety
seats;

• Partner with local businesses during seatbelt mobilizations
to provide incentives to drivers seen wearing seatbelts;

• Use grants to purchase child restraints for distribution to
low-income, underserved populations (with IHS); and

• Encourage American Indians to join their coalitions or to
establish their own SKSC.


Proven (3.1)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 Al)/
Tried
(8.1 Bl)


7.


Child Safety Seat
Inspection Stations


http://www.hmhb-
mt.org/ safekids/ carseatloc
ation.htm


Local Communities


Local SKSC Coalitions


In Montana there are 18 permanent child safety seat inspection
stations hosted by a variety of agencies, including Montana
Highway Patrol, St. Peters Hospital, Ravalli County Public
Health, and more/22 total inspection stations in 16
communities.




Vol.11: Tried
(8.1 Bl)


8.


Development of occupant
protection law enforcement
media messages


HSP 2006


MDT-SHTSO


MDT-SHTSO


Focus on male drivers of pickups (group is known for having
lowest seatbelt usage rate in MT); targeted to largest media
markets; and major news release campaign for National FFY
2006 May Mobilization seatbelt campaign involving MT DOT
Director, Governor, and other dignitaries.


Proven (3.1)/
Uncertain (3.2)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)


9.


Seatbelt Educational Ad
Campaign


HSP 2006


MDT-SHTSO


MDT-SHTSO


Fund ad agency to produce and disseminate seatbelt
educational messages to the public in FFY 2006 and air in FFY
2007 prior to the 2007 legislative session.


Proven (3.1)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)



1 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: Hedlund, James. Countermeasure That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices, NHTSA/GHSA, 2005. Strategy
reference is shown in parentheses.

2 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Report 500 Series, Volume 11 (Seatbelt Use), NCHRP. Strategy reference is shown in parentheses.



Montana Comprehensive Transportation Safety Plan Current Strategies & Programs



1-4



Priority - Increase Safety Belt Usage to 90 Percent (continued)



Strat.

No.


EDUCATION
Current Strategies


Reference Document


Funding Agency


Implementing
Agency


Overview of Actions


Effectiveness


NHTSAi


AASHTO 2


10.


Safety belt education
efforts for American Indian
and non- American Indian
youth incarcerated at Pine
Hills (Miles City) and
Riverside (Boulder)


HSP 2006


MDT-SHTSO


Department of
Corrections


Drivers education for incarcerated youth.


Proven (3.1)/
Uncertain (3.2)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)


11.


American Indian Seatbelt
Media Project


HSP 2006


MDT-SHTSO


MDT-SHTSO


(Current: Blackfeet, Assiniboine-Sioux, and Assiniboine-Gros
Ventre FY 2006: Expand to additional reservations.)

Help tribes develop partners with assistance of local interns to
produce and distribute American Indian-related seatbelt
messages using their own local media messages.


Proven (3.1)/
Uncertain (3.2)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)


12.


Drivers' Education
Curriculum


Curriculum Map


MDT-SHTSO


Office of Public
Instruction


Drivers education curriculum being improved to incorporate
behavioral changes to encourage safety belt usage by youth.


Proven (4.1)




13.


Child Safety Seat Checkup
Clinics


http://www.hmhb-

mt. org/ safekids/ carseatloc

ation.htm


MDT-SHTSO


HMHB/ Montana Safe
Kids


Includes car seat clinics throughout the State training for
potential installers to training. Montana Safe Kids operates a
mobile car seat check-up van. More than 100 clinics are
conducted each year in MT.


Proven (3.1)


Vol. 11: Proven

(8.1 B2)/

Tried

(8.1 Bl, 8.1 B3)


14.


Montana's Child -
Clearinghouse


http://www.hmhb-
mt. org/ mtchild. htm


MDT-SHTSO


HMHB


PI&E campaign that provides Montana families with a single
point of access for community referral to needed services,
including information on car seat, seat belt, and bicycle safety.


Proven (3.1)


Vol.11: Tried
(8.1 Bl)/
Experimental
(8.1 CI)


15.


Montana's Occupant
Protection for Children
Program


MT Occupant Protection
for Children Assessment
Report 2005


State and Safe Kids
BuckleUp program
grant funds


MDT-SHTSO, HMHB,
SKSC, law enforcement,
certified instructors,
tribal representatives


Provides child passenger safety training; public information and
outreach; fitting stations; and distribution programs.

Partnerships between state and local community stakeholders.

MDT provides motor vehicle crash and injury data to locals for
development of programs.


Uncertain (3.2)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2, 8.1 B2) /
Tried (8.1 Bl)



1 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: Hedlund, James. Countermeasure That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices, NHTSA/GHSA, 2005. Strategy
reference is shown in parentheses.

2 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Report 500 Series, Volume 11 (Seatbelt Use), NCHRP. Strategy reference is shown in parentheses.



Montana Comprehensive Transportation Safety Plan Current Strategies & Programs



1-5



Priority - Increase Safety Belt Usage to 90 Percent (continued)



Strat.

No.


EDUCATION
Current Strategies


Reference Document


Funding Agency


Implementing
Agency


Overview of Actions


Effectiveness


NHTSAi


AASHTO 2


16.


MT Occupant Protection
for Children Assessment


MT Occupant Protection
for Children Assessment
Report 2005


GHSA, NHTSA


MDT-SHTSO, GHSA,
NHTSA


GHSA, NHTSA, and MDT-SHTSO conducted an assessment of
Occupant Protection for Children in the State of Montana.
Report includes recommendations to the State and partnering
agencies on ways to improve or expand occupant protection
programs and services in Montana.






17.


Child Safety Seat Program


E-mail from Dr. Kathy
Masis, IHS with
information from Jodee
Dennison


Crow Service Unit,
IHS


IHS


Crow Service Unit of IHS conducts child safety seat program
for the hospital.


Proven (3.1)/
Uncertain (3.2)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)


18.


Child Safety Seats


E-mail from Dr. Kathy
Masis, IHS with
information from J.
Dennison


Fort Belknap Tribal
Health Department,
Tribal Sanitarian
(IHS)


IHS


Child safety seats were purchased for the Public Health
Nursing Program.


Proven (3.1)/
Uncertain (3.2)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)


19.


Safe Kids Program


E-mail from Dr. Kathy
Masis, IHS with
information from Jodee
Dennison


Wind River Service
Unit, WR Service and
Injury Prevention
Resources- Wyoming




Child restraint safety seat program - Safe Kids Program; and
Seat belt promotion project.


Proven (3.1)/
Uncertain (3.2)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)


20.


Child Safety Seat Program


E-mail from Dr. Kathy
Masis, IHS with
information from Jodee
Dennison


Arapaho Service
Unit, IHS, Tribal
Sanitarian


IHS


Child safety seat program.


Proven (3.1)/
Uncertain (3.2)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)


21.


Purchase of Child Safety
Seat


E-mail from Dr. Kathy
Masis, IHS with
information from Jodee
Dennison


Fort Peck Service
Unit


IHS


Provided funds to purchase child safety seat for the clinic.


Proven (3.1)/
Uncertain (3.2)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)


22.


Injury Prevention
Conference at Crow
Reservation


E-mail from Dr. Kathy
Masis, IHS with
information from Jodee
Dennison


IHS


IHS


IHS held an Injury Prevention Conference at the Crow
Reservation; agenda topic was "Choosing to Live," Richard
Malone, Sr. Medical Investigator from NM talked about seat
belt use and motor vehicle injury.


Proven (3.1)/
Uncertain (3.2)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)



1 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: Hedlund, James. Countermeasure That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices, NHTSA/ GHSA, 2005. Strategy
reference is shown in parentheses.

2 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Report 500 Series, Volume 11 (Seatbelt Use), NCHRP. Strategy reference is shown in parentheses.



Montana Comprehensive Transportation Safety Plan Current Strategies & Programs



1-6



Priority - Increase Safety Belt Usage to 90 Percent (continued)



Strat.

No.


EDUCATION
Current Strategies


Reference Document


Funding Agency


Implementing
Agency


Overview of Actions


Effectiveness


NHTSAi


AASHTO 2


23.


In Home Services
Program and Public
Health Home Services
Program


Web and telephone call
with Debbie Henderson,
Public Health and Safety
Division; Child
Adolescent and
Community Health


State


DPHHS, PHSD


To support trained personnel to provide home- visiting services
to families with children younger than five. Services aim to
improve parenting skills, increase education and employment;
in some cases, more intense therapy is provided (including CPS
education).

(Additional calls to Jane Smilie and Jo Ann Datson - unreturned
thus far.)




Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 A2)


24.


Hospital "Grand Rounds"
Tour




HMHB


HMHB


Presentations to healthcare professionals to understand their
role in ensuring that children ride safety in motor vehicles.
Will present research, videos, and demonstrations on impacts
of motor vehicle crashes, how specialized equipment reduces
injury, and optimal restraint systems. Presented at hospitals
throughout the state.







1 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: Hedlund, James. Countermeasure That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices, NHTSA/GHSA, 2005. Strategy
reference is shown in parentheses.

2 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Report 500 Series, Volume 11 (Seatbelt Use), NCHRP. Strategy reference is shown in parentheses.



Montana Comprehensive Transportation Safety Plan Current Strategies & Programs



1-7



Priority - Increase Safety Belt Usage to 90 Percent (continued)



Strat.

No.


ENFORCEMENT
Current Strategies


Reference Document


Funding Agency


Implementing
Agency


Overview of Actions


Effectiveness


NHTSAi


AASHTO 2


25.


Special Traffic
Enforcement Programs
(STEP) focusing on
occupant protection


HSP 2006


MDT-SHTSO


Police and Sheriff
agencies, MT H.P.


Funds sustained overtime enforcement for occupant protection
enforcement during national and state mobilizations.


Proven (2.1)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 Al)


26.


Pilot Project: STEP
seatbelt enforcement
overtime project on
reservations


HSP 2006


MDT-SHTSO


MDT-SHTSO


MDT-SHTSO law enforcement liaison will manage contracted
liaisons to help coordinate efforts between MTDOT Tribal
Coordinator, tribal law enforcement, and other law
enforcement agencies.


Proven (2.1)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 Al)


27.


DUI/Seat Belt
Checkpoints


E-mail from Dr. Kathy
Masis, IHS with
information from Jodee
Dennison


Crow Service Unit
Sanitarian, Fort
Belknap Tribal
Health Department
Sanitarian, Wind
River Service Unit -
WR Service and
Injury Prevention
Resources- Wyoming,
Arapaho Service Unit
Sanitarian (of IHS)
with local tribal
police


IHS


Coordination of random DUI/seat belt checkpoints with tribal
police department.


Proven (2.1)


Vol. 11: Proven
(8.1 Al)


28.


Local Safety Programs




City and county
budgets


Local Enforcement
Agencies


Local funding is used for law enforcement efforts related to
traffic safety.






29.


Passing of HB35 in 2005
MT Legislative Session


Montana Highway Patrol
2004 Annual Report (dated
April 2005)


State


Montana Highway
Patrol


Legislation that allows new way of recruiting and retaining
qualified individuals in the MHP; and opportunity to hire an
additional 20 officers per year for the next four years.







Note: Participants of the Increase Safety Belt Usage Action Team also should review the State of Montana Occupant Protection for Children Assessment Report, Montana Department of Transportation;
September 18-22, 2005.

1 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: Hedlund, James. Countermeasure That Work: A Highway Safety Countermeasure Guide for State Highway Safety Offices, NHTSA/GHSA, 2005. Strategy
reference is shown in parentheses.

2 Effectiveness evaluation taken from: AASHTO Strategic Highway Safety Plan. Report 500 Series, Volume 11 (Seatbelt Use), NCHRP. Strategy reference is shown in parentheses.



Montana Comprehensive Transportation Safety Plan Current Strategies & Programs



1-8



Safety Belts

New Strategies



1-9



CHAMPION:




















Name: Mike Cooney (State Senator)




















and Priscilla Sinclair (MDT-SHTSO)








Agency Planning




Funding






Evaluation/


E-mail:[email protected]v


Sponsoring


Agency


Implementation Approach-


Documents or


Coordination/


Approach/


Implementation


Reporting


Assessment


Phone #: 841-2042


Agency


Contact


Action Steps-When?


Procedures


Outreach Efforts


Needs/Sources


Oversight


Requirements


Procedure


D. Increase safety belt usage to 90%




Implementation Team: MDT-SHTSO Rep., Spook Stang (MMCA), Col. Paul Grimstad (Hwy Patrol), Judge Greg Mohr, Bobbi Perkins (DPHHS, contact for STCC), Sen. Frank Smith, Myron






Oats (Chippewa Cree Tribe), FMCA(?), Denise Harris (?)(AAA). Plus any others with expertise or interesl








SB-2 Primary Safety Belt Law/Child


Dept. of Justice


Pam Bucy (DOJ)


Mike has a message into Pam to


1. Pam will draft


The Director of DOT and


No identified


Mike Cooney


Success or failure of


Track success of


Passenger Safety (35 votes)


will be


will draft the


discuss this with her and to


legislation.


Attorney General have met


funding needs at




legislation.


building community,


Enact primary safety belt enforce-


sponsoring


legislation. Draft


agree to a timeframe for com-




and agreed on strategy for


this point. DOT






business, and law


ment law. Specific action items to


agency. Dept of


will be shared


pletion of draft.




Bill sponsorship and


committed to fund






enforcement support


support a legislative initiative were


Transportation


with DOT and






drafting.


the postcard






for legislation.


developed by Action Team.


will provide


other stake-








education pieces








(NHTSA - Proven effectiveness)


technical
assistance.


holders for edits
and suggestion.








and monthly
mailings.










MDT


MDT- SHTSO


Offer technical and informa-
tional support as needed to
sponsoring agency.


2. DOT will send infor-
mational seatbelt
postcards to stake-
holders beginning
July 2006.


DOT will begin outreach
technical education of
stakeholders.


MDT-SHTSO


Mike Cooney




Track legislation.


SB-5 Targeted Education/


MDT


MDT- SHTSO


Target Step grant activities in


Governors Highway


Implementation team will


MDT-SHTSO


Priscilla Sinclair


Annually to NHTSA


Implementation


Enforcement in Low Belt Use






low-use areas/ high-crash areas/


Safety Plan.


begin outreach to business,








success.


Locations/Population Groups






Identified low-use population




law enforcement commu-










(22 votes)






groups.




nity and other interested










Identify and target enforcement and










stakeholders.










education to low belt use locations/




















corridors with a high incidence of




















unbelted fatal and injury crashes and




















population groups. (Consultant




















suggestion)






















MDT


MDT- SHTSO


Expand campaign targeted at
Native American population
groups to all reservations and
high-concentration areas of
Native Americans in Urban
areas.


Governors Highway
Safety Plan.


SKSC Coalitions will con-
tinue community outreach/
education on crash data
and outcomes.


MDT-SHTSO


Priscilla Sinclair


Annually to NHTSA


Targeted audience
reached.




MDT


MDT- SHTSO


Increase use and campaign
targeting young, male, truck
driver population group, with
focused effort in high-risk
corridors/locations.


Governors Highway
Safety Plan.


Work with Marketing
agency to reach targeted
audience.


MDT-SHTSO


Priscilla Sinclair


Annually to NHTSA


Targeted audience
reached.



1-10



CHAMPION:




















Name: Mike Cooney (State Senator)




















and Priscilla Sinclair (MDT-SHTSO)








Agency Planning




Funding






Evaluation/


E-mail:[email protected]


Sponsoring


Agency


Implementation Approach-


Documents or


Coordination/


Approach/


Implementation


Reporting


Assessment


Phone #: 841-2042


Agency


Contact


Action Steps-When?


Procedures


Outreach Efforts


Needs/Sources


Oversight


Requirements


Procedure


D. Increase safety belt usage to 90% (continued)


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

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