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DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND COMMERCE

CENSIS AND STATISTICS OFFICE



SPECIAL REPORT



FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION



Abstracted from the Records of the Fifth Census of Canada,

June, 1911




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DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND COMMERCE
C^ .-. CENSUS AND STATISTICS OFFICE



SPECIAL REPORT



ON THE



FOREIGN-BORN POPULATION



Abstracted from the Records of the Fifth Census of Canada,

June, 1911







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GOVERNMENT PRINTING BUREAU

1915



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CONTENTS.



Method of enumeration 5

Foreign-born in Canada classified by sex and year of immigration to Oanada 6

Foreign-born in C'ansida and the provinces classified by quinquennial periods .' 7

Distribution of the foreign-born in each province according to years of arrival in Canada 8

Per cent proportion of the foreign immigrants, arriving in each quinquennial period, which have

located in the several provinces 9

The foreign-born classified according to country (>f birth and the proportion whir-h the immi-
grants from each foreign country formed of the total foreign immigration 10

Piincipal foreign countries contributing to the population of Canada ranked according to pro-
portion of immigrants supplied 11

Per cent of each year's immigrants which have come from principal sources of foreign immigra-
tion 12

Distribution of the foreign-born in Canada by provinces. 13-15

The number of the foreign-born by quinquennial periods of immigration who have become

citizens 14-16

The number of each j-ear's arrivals from certain foreign countries who were naturalized in 1911 . , 17
The percentage of each year's arrivals from certain foreign countries who were naturalized in

1911 18

Foreign-born males of voting age classified according to citizenship and years of immigration. . 19-21

Voting population of Canada, Native-born, British-born and Foreign-born compared 21-22

The number of the foreign-born voting population in the several provinces classified accord

ing to citizenship and country of birth 24-25

Country of origin ranked according to the proportion of its male immigrants of voting age who

have become citizens 26

Percentage of the foreign-born of voting age in each province who have become naturalized .... 27-29

Racial origin of the immigrants born in the United States 30-31

Foreign-born Jews in Canada classified according to nativity and citizenship 32

Percentage which the foreign-born constitutes of the total population in cities of 15,000 and

over Census 191 1 32

Number of males to every 100 females foreign-born in eighteen cities of Canada which have

2,000 or more persons of alien birth 33

Foreign-born in cities of 15,000 inhabitants and over classified according to years of arrival in

Canada 34-35

The number and proportion of the foreign-born males of voting age naturalized ^n certain cities. 36
Foreign-born males 21 years of age and over classified according to citizenship and years" of

immigration, in cities having 15,000 inhabitants and over 37-40

British born and naturalized voters in certain cities compared 41

The foreign-born males in certain cities, classified according to citizenship and country of birth. 42-45
The per cent proportion of the males 21 years of age and over from certain foreign countries,

naturalized and alien 46-49

Summary for Canada and the provinces of the foreign-born classified according to birthplace

and citizenship 50-61

Proportion of males to females among the foreign-bom 62



82366-15



828543



THE YEAR OF IMMIGRATION, PLACE OF BIRTH
AND NATURALIZATION



OF THE



FOREIGN-BORN RESIDENT IN CANADA,

JUNE, 1911.

This special Report deals with the year of immigration, nativity and citizen-
ship of the foreign-born in Canada at the date of the Census, June, 1911. The
statistics are abstracted from the records of the Fifth Census. The following
extracts from the Manual of Instructions to enumerators will give an idea of
the general principles followed in making the record, from which the statistics-
of this report have been tabulated: —

Birthplace. "If the person was born outside of Canada the enumerator will enter the name of the
country in which he or she was born."

"In the case of persons born in the double Kingdom of Austria-Hungary, care should be taken to
give the particular provinces, as Austria, Tyrol, Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, Galicia, etc."

"In the case of persons, who say they were born in Poland which is no longer an independent country,
inquiry should be made whether the birthplace was in what is now known as German Poland, or Austrian
Poland or Russian Poland, and the answer should be written accordingly, as German (Pol.), Austrian
(Pol.), or Russian (Pol.). If the birthplace given is Turkey, the enumerator should ask whether European
or Asiatic Turkey and write Turkey (E.) or Turkey (A.), accordingly."

Year of Immigration to Canada. — "This question applies to all parsons irrespactive of a?? or s^x
who wore born outside of Canada and the year of their first entry into Canila should bs given."

Year of Naturalization. — "Thi.s question applies only to persons 21 year.^ old ani over who were
born in some other country than the United Kingdom or any of its dep3ndencie5" .

The instructions, regarding naturalization were based on the Canadian
Naturalization Act and were made to apply only to persons 21 years old
and over who were born in some other country than the United Kingdon
or any of its dependencies. The status of children, of parents who had ob-
tained Canadian citizenship, was governed by the section of the Naturalization
law respecting minors, which provides "If the father, or the mother being a
widow, has obtained a certificate of naturalization within Canada, every child
of such father or mother within Canada, shall, within Canada, be deemed to
be a naturalized British subject." The question of the citizenship of children
of naturalized parents will be referred to later on. The inquiry regarding im-
migration was designed to show what proportion of. the foreign-born immigrants
of each year or period of years, was living in the country June 1, 1911, and
where they were located, while that concerning naturalization was designed to
show the citizenship of this class of the population of Canada.

5



The stifttJstics resulting from these inquiries are presented for Canada as a

whole, for each of the provinces and for cities of 15,000 inhal)itants and over in

Tables 1 to 23.

/ The total number of foreign-born in Canada, June, I'Jil. was 752,732, of

/ whom 470,927 or 02.0 per cent were males and 281,805 or 37.4 per cent were

I females. Of the males foreign-born, living in Canada at the date of the census,

Nv 124,404 or 26.4 per cent were under 21 years of age and therefore incapable of

/making a voluntary choice of citizenship. The year of arrival in Canada was not

( reported for 03,563 persons of alien birth — 37,963 males and 25,600 females.

/ Consequenth' the number of arrivals in each year or period of years cannot be

definitely stated.

The figures of Table 1, which gives the total foreign-l.)orn in Canada
classified by sex and year of immigration, show that of the foreign-born with
year of arrival reported (689,169) and resident in Canada at the date of the last
census, June, 1911, 528,066 or 76.6 per cent had come to Canada since 1901.
It is, therefore a reasonable assumption that the major portion,if not all of those
for whom the year of immigration was not reported (63,563), had also coin*' to
Canada in the ten j^ears immediately preceding the Fifth decennial cen.-us.
In every 1,000 persons of foreign birth resident in Canada June, 1911, 626 ^^*ere
males and 374 females, as compared with 507 males and 493 females in cv.'ry
1,000 persons of Canadian birth. A further .significant fact of alien immigration
is, that the proportion of males to females has steadily increased in each successive
year and quinquennium since 1890. Of the total foreign-born immigrants of
1890 and previous Axnirs, resident in Canada June, 1911, 56.6 per cent were maK-
as against 58 . 8 per cent for tho.se of the 1891-1895 period, 59.1 per cent for
those of the 1896-1900 period, 60.9 per cent for those of the period 1901-190.")
and 65.8 per cent for those of the period 1906 to June 1911.



TABLE 1. TOTAL



FOREIGX-BORN' IN' C.VMADA CLA.SSIFIED liV .SEX AND Vi;\U
OV IMMIGRATION TO CAN.VDA. 1)11.



Veur of Immigration.


FoREION


-BORN I.N <


'.\N.\D.\.


Per cent of
foheigx-boiin.


Total


Male


Fe.nialo


Male


Female


1909— Juno, 1911

190S

1907


NO.

202,159
46,952
55,047
55.466

167.. 542
71.739
27.793
61.571


NO.

1.36.000
30.790
.35.768
34.649

102.125
42.421
16,344
34.867


NO.

66.159
16.162
20. 179
20.817
65,417
29.318
11.449
26.704


p.c.
67-3
65-5
639
62-5
«)-9
.59 1
.58. 8
56-6


p.


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Online LibraryCanada. Census and statistics officeSpecial report on the foreign-born population → online text (page 1 of 8)