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THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES



PRECIS OF THE ARCHIVES



OF THE



CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.



JOURNAL, 1662-1670.



H. C. V. LEiBBRANDT,

KEEPER Of THE ARCHIVES.



CAPE TOWN:
W. A. RICHARDS & SONS, GOVERNMENT PRINTERS, CASTLE STREET.

1901

A653.



or

2H3
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE. Cn p

_=__= v.K

JOURNAL, MAY 8, 1662.



(ZACHAEIAS WAGENAER.)

May 8th. S.E. breezes. Last night with a bright moon the 166-2.
ships Mars and Amsterdam, the one with 154 men and the other
with 110, sailed away to Batavia. This morning the flute 7k
Pcperboom also left. The ffayetboom, meeting with contrary wind,
was obliged to remain at anchor. /y

Towards evening the wife of the free innkeeper, Hendrik van
Zeurwerde, was confined of a boy and girl.

May 9th. E. breezes and fine weather. The Nagelboom leaves
for Batavia with 174 men.

May 10th. Same weather. Obtained one ox from the
Cochoquas.

May llth and 12th. West winds, with heavy showers

May 13th. Fine weather. A man arrives from Hobb'n Island
in a small boat with the news that the Superintendent there was
very weak and ill ; otherwise matters there were still in a good
state. Orders were quickly given to despatch thither the junior
surgeon Pieter Meerhoif with some refreshments.

May 14th. Partly rowing and partly sailing, the wind varying
from S. to N.W., the 3fusquftie departed for Robben Island.
Obtained from the Cochoquas 3 cattle and 5 sheep, for copper and
tobacco. The Goringhaiquas or Caepmen reported that a delegate
from the Chainouquas had arrived at their kraa 1 , sent by the King
Sousoa in order to greet the new '* Sourie " or Great Chief,
namely, the Commander, and see whether the latter had as much
copper tobacco and beads as his predecessor ; if that were the case
he and his people would come down with a large troop of cattle.

May 15th. Same weather. S.E. wind in the afternoon.
May 16th. Fine clear weather, with gentle S.E. breezes.

May 17th. New moon. Some fine weather. Two delegates
from the Cochoquas the one from Oedasoa, and the other from
.Gonnomoa arrive during the morning to greet the new Com-
mander in the name of their chiefs and their tribes. As usual

AC53. 5



, ;6 ., they were treated to some brandy and tobacco. The delegates
from the Chain ouquas having been informed in the Caepmen's
Craal that everything could be obtained as before from the present
Commander, returned to their people to report it and come down
with cattle to us.

May 18th. Ascension Day. Fine weather. The Saldanhar
delegates leave after good treatment and with a present of some
tobacco for their chiefs. They said that their people would also
shortly bring us a large troop of cattle.

May 19th. Same weather. West wind in the afternoon,
Arrival from Dassen Island of the freemen's boat, the Peguyn,
with only two half-aums of oil and some eggs. Had called at
Robben Island, where the Company's vessel was still taking in
shells. She brought with her the junior surgeon, who had left
the sick overseer in improved health.

May, 20th, W. wind Cloudy sky and showers. The
Mmquitie arrives with the shells for the lime kilns. The
Chainouquas brought seven cattle obtained by us for copper, beads
and tobacco. They said that the chief Sousoa was still encamped
a long distance away, so that he could not come down with much
cattle ; they had therefor 3 only brought a few as a tentative
measure to see whether the Commander would treat them as
liberally as they were induced by the Caepmen to believe. If
so, they would come nearer with their cattle and bring larger
herds to the Fort.

May 21st. Dirty rainy weather, with variable breezes. The
Chainonquas leave with a present of copper and tobacco for their
chief Sousoa.

May 22nd. Same weather. Bartered 5 sheep from the
Saldanhars for copper and tobacco. During the afternoon 11
more were obtained from them when they were treated with brandy,
&o. They then left.

May 23rd. Same weather.

May 24th and 25th. Fine and clear, with W, breezes.

May 26th. Dark cloudy sky, with a fresh breeze from the
N.W. Two of Oedasoa's men brought the Commander the greet-
ings of their chief, with the request for some tobacco for their lord.
They could not very well come down with much cattle, as a great
sickness had broken out among their people. When that was
over, they would come down with large herds. After the
emissaries had beon treated with brandy, &c., they left with about
a pound of tobacco for Oedasoa, with the message that as hitherto



we have not failed in our liberality, he would be plensed to
let the same appear on his part alco by providing us with much
cattle and sheep, which we would buy from them satisfactorily
with copper, tobacco, and beads.

During the afternoon the men of Gonnomoa and Koukosoa,
Saldanhar chiefs under Oedasoa, brought in 6 sheep, two of which
were a present to the Commander (one sent by each of the chiefs).
The remaining four were bought for copper aud tobacco. They
said that their camp would in one or two days' time be moved
nearer to us. For the two sheep the bearers were presented for
their chiefs with some tobacco. They were also entertained as
usual.

During the afternoon the wall and curtain between the gate
and the gorge of the point, " De Walvis," fell down on the out-
side, and the necessary steps for re-erecting it have been tak^n.

May 27th. Varying breezes and fine weather. Obtained 3
sheep from the Saldanhars. Dysentry commences to show itself
among the men lately landed here, this makes the Hospital full.

May 28th. Rainy N.W. weather. Death during: the early
morning of Ryk Snelleoburgh, of Arnhem, " adelborst " left
here by the flute Vtenenburg/i.

May 29th. Clear E. weather. Bartered 4 sheep from the
Saldanhars. Death of a soldier named Jurriaan Ericx Schroeder,
left here by the Amsteheen.

May 30th. Wet, dirty weather, with W. winds.

May 31st. About the same weither. Bought 6 pheep from
the Saldanhars with copper and tobacco.

June 1st. Cloudy W. weather and rain.
June 2nd. Fine weather, with W. breezes.

June 3rd. The same. During the n~ : ght died Jan Roemer, of
Swanenburgh. left here by the Veenenburgh.

June 4th. Sunday. Cloudy sky, with W. breeze. Obtained
2 sheep from the Saldanhars.

June 5th. The same fair weather. The Chainouquas, whom
on the way Gonnomoa and some of his and Oedasoa's men had
joined, brought us 15 cattle and 19 sheep, which we obtained for
copper, tobacco, and beads. The Commander made a tour along
the "Bosbergeu" and all along the Cape farms. Returning
towards evening, he ordered that the men who had brought the
cattle were to be well treated in order the better to draw them to
us, as we have received the largest number of cattle from them.

B2



During the evening died Leo With, of Sandouw, soldier, left
here by the ArnsteUant.

June 6th. Cloudy, with strong W. winds. Arrival of the little
flute Zeeriddfr from St. Helena, with all her own crew and 4
stowaways, three from here and one from Batavia, delivered to her
by the fleet at St. Helena. Two others managed to jump overboard
when the fleet was leaving and swam to the shore. Whether they
were recaptured we do not know. This little flute had already on
the second day after her departure hence overtaken the fleet and
thus proceeded to St. Helena in company. When about 30 (Dutch)
mil* s distant from that island, the said flute had been ordered to
proceed in advance, but always to remain in sight of the fleet, and
signalize if there were any ships there, firing as many guns as there
were vessels in the roadstead. On the 3rd May she fired a gun.
The vessel proved to be English and was named the Egel (hedgehog)
which had left Sunda's Straits with the last return ships. The
same day the fleet reached the anchorage in good condition, without
h iwever finding there Admiral de Vlamingh with the other three
valuable vessels (God better it !)

By order of the Commander of the fleet no one was allowed to
land, or leave his vessel, with the exception of the skipper of this
little vessel, who on landing, was kindly received by the Governor
and garrison, who offered water and refreshments and whatever
they had to accommodate us.

The skipper dined with the Governor and various toasts were
drunk, both of their King, and prosperity of our State, &c. Maty
guns were discharged and when the skipper left the Governor
begged him in his name kindly to request the Commander, Rear-
Admiral the Hon. E. van der Laan, and all the commanders of the
different vessels, with his compliments to dine with him the next
day. This however was politely declined, but Mr. van der Laan
at, the same time invited the Governor to pay him a visit onboard.
The invitation was accepted and he was well entertained. Nor did
we remain his debtors in the discharge of our guns whilst various
healths were drunk, &c. None of our ships had called there this
year, but 5 English vessels from India had refreshed there and
already left for England The English have fortified the Island
with 2 small forts, one triangular, and one square, but not of
sufficient strength to withstand an attack. They were therefore
somewhat taken aback when we arrived there together, six vessels
combined.

They are already beginning to plant cabbages and vegetables,
hence, besides lemons and oranges, our ships were well supplied.
But pigs were scarce, for the dogs left there by the ships having
greatly multiplied and grown wild, had destroyed and chased them
away, so that within a short time this species of refreshment may
fail entirely.



Three days after arrival the 6th May the fleet left, the Hon.
van der Laan giving the following letter to this little vessel for the
Commander :

To the Hon. Johan van Riebeeck and Zacharias Wagenaer.

Honourable, valiant, wise, prudent and very discreet friends !

The Zeeridder brought yours of llth of last month.
Arrived here on the 3rd instant, but to our regret did not find
the Hon. de Vlamingh and the three other return ships, nor did
we hear that they had passed. \Ve found on the roadstead
an English vessel, the Hedgehog, Captain Mileth, bound to
London. . . . The news was that three company's ships were
said to have perished in a storm on the coast of India, which we
hope will be an English untrue tiding. The English have built,
in the ' Church Valley ' on this island, a smajl fort with three
points, and provided with guns. In the ' Appel Valley ' a square
redoubt has been thrown up, the object of which I do- not
understand. They seem to be busy growing vegetables, as I have
seen some fairly good cabbages. Was civilly received by the
English Commander. We were offered water and everything we
required, but only accepted the water. The galiot Zeeridder
has been provided with stone ballast. . . . We trust that she
will safely arrive at the Cape. We found six persons in the
vessels who had deserted from your Government and stowed
themselves away, as well as t wo others who had run away from
Batavia. They are to be troated us you deem proper. ... In
the ship Phoenix sailing away from St. Helena, this 6th day of
May, 1662.

(Signed) Jan van der Laan.

" P.S. The fort in the ' Kerk Valley ' we found but a poor
affair. It is mounted with 9 guns.

" The following stowaways have been placed on board the
Zeeridder, viz : Robbert Robbertsz, of the Cape ; Jan Wesselsz,
of Haeffkenboeck ; Fredrik Jansz, of Alkmaer ; and Jan Cornelisz,
of Dort.

" Two others broke their bonds, and we believe that they must
have been drowned between the ships and the land."

This day one of the twins mentioned on the 8th May, died.

June 7th to 10th. Strong N.W. winds with squalls. Nothing
occurred.

June llth (Sunday). Same weather.

June 12th. Same weather. Obtained 4 sheep from the
Saldanhars.

June 13th. Same weather.

June 14th. Fine, with variable E. breezes.



6

K62. June 15th. Clear, with heavy S.E. winds. A ship anchors

towards evening on the other Bide of the hay. Obtained 5 sheep
and one ox from the Saldanhars for copper and tobacco.

June 16th. Lovely weather with E. breezes. Arrival on the
load stead of the vessel abovementioned. The Fiscal on his return
from board, reported her to be the Wakhercn of the chamber
Zealand, skipper Dirk de Knibber and junior merchant Cornells
Constant, of Middelburgh, with wife and six children. Had left the
Vlack on the 26th January last, with 332 men. . . . Called
at St. Jago for water and refreshments, obtained only half a boat
load of water and a few cattle. Four honourless fellows deserted
there. . . . Brought 27 dead and 40 sick suffering from
scurvy. Skipper also poorly. Vessel properly refreshed. Very
fine with sweet E. breezes. The Fiscal proceeds in the Zeeriddcr
to Hout Bay with the following instructions :

" Memorandum for Fiscal Abraham Gabbema proceeding hence
to Hout Bay in the Zceridder to obtain there some fuel and
timber."

As we decided on the 13th instant, to despatch this vessel to the
Hout Bay in order to obtain thence for us and the public, some
timber and fuel, of which we are generally much in want, we have
decided to employ you for this useful work and entrust the chief
command of the vessel to you, as we deem it exj edient, for reasons
known to you, not to let skipper Foran alone perform the work.
We have accordingly added 22 men to the crew with the necessary
provisions, axes, saws, wedges, sledge-hammers and other tools.
You are therefore in God's name to leave to-morrow, wind and
weather permitting. Having arrived and landed there, you shall
with the carpenters cut down as many of the thickest trees, fit for
timber, as you may deem necessary. Having 50 men under you,
you would not require more than 8 or 10 days for the work. We
would like to obtain about 20 spars, as long as possible, for ribs or
linings ; eight or ten wild ash trees, 10 or 12 feet long, to be
converted into mess dishes (eetbakken) for the garrison ; 50 or 60
supports (stutten) to be put under the houses, from 15 to 20 feet
long ; and 100 or more straight spars to make handles for shovels
and spades, or to be used on the battlements as clubs.

The rest of the hold should be filled, not with crooked but
straight fuel (if obtainable) in order to stow away as much as
possible. We require it for burning lime and bricks.

While the men are busy cutting wood and dragging it to the
beach, you shall supply them daily with meat or pork, or salted or
fresh fish (which is said to be in abundance there), as well as with
vegetables or other additional food (toespys), and three half-glasses
(halfjes) daily of Batavia arrack, i.e., one in the morning, another
at 110011 and the third in the evening, that they may be kept on



their legs in this cold aiid rainy weather, and the more encouraged
for the heavy work.

Should any Hottentoos visit you and offer any cattle for sale,
you may endeavour to harter it, and therefore we give you some
copper wire and tobacco for the purpose. All cattle obtained may
be sent in overland, or conveyed hither in your vessel. As soon
as you have anchored, you shall at once inform us in writing
overland by a Hottentoo or Dutchman (Duytsman), that we may
be sure of your safe arrival.

Further we can only advise you to keep good order and harmony
among your men, and keep your eye on the well-known bad Com-
mander (? skipper Foran). We commend you all to God, and
wish you a prosperous voyage.

In the Fort " the Good Hope " at Caep de Bonne Esperance,
the 15th June Anno 1662 Your friends,

(Signed) L. WAGENAER.

ROELOFF DK MANN.

June 18th (Sunday). - Same weather. Obtained 2 cattle from
the Saldanhars for " Cabary," and 11 sheep for copper and tobacco.

June 19th. Same weather.

June 20th. Same weather. Arrival during the night of the
freemen's vessel, Pcguyn, from Dasseu Island, with a few penguin
eggs, some fish and other trifles. When, she left this on the 13th,
she sighted a vessel the next day anchored between Dassen and
Robbeu Islands, which also seeing them, commenced to fire first
with blank cartridge and afterwards with ball, so that our men
believed her to be one of our own vessels in distress. Arriving
on board she was found to be an English ship from London
3 months and 23 days ago, and carrying 20 guns. . . . Had
called at St. Helena Bay for repairs, and obtained 4 or 5 sheep
from the Hottentoos, and only half a boat load of rain water,
collected in little pools at this time of the year. She had also
refreshed at Annabon for 10 days and had had a prosperous
voyage. The freemen had forgotten to ask her name and
that of the captain, as well as his destination. They had
intended to do so when he landed ou the island, as they said they
wished to buy some cattle from them. The Euglish treated then
very well with sack and other nice drinks, and they left the vessel
during the evening. The next morning she was no longer to be
seen ; no doubt she had sailed away, as the S.E. wind blew so
strong during the night.

Letter received from the Fiscal at Hout Bay mentioning that
the Zeeridderktn had been hitherto prevented by contrary winds
from entering that bay, and was now anchored outside. He had
however landed to select the most suitable timber and fuel : enough



8

lGf.2. o f the latter had been found near the beach, but sufficiently large
trr$es for timber were too far to be removed otherwise than by
wagons to the beach.

Death of Nicolaas Lourens of Sleeswyk, soldier, left here by
the Nagelboom.

June 21st. Real summer weather in the middle of winter.
The Fiscal writes that the Zeeridderkcn was safely anchored in
Hout Bay, and that everything necessary was being done accord-
ing to instructions ; that there were sufficient timber and heavy
tiees high up against the mountain sides, but about three or four
hours away from the shore, so that they could only be brought
down in wagons, &c. We shall therefore have to content ourselves
with fuel only.

June 22nd. Same weather, with a S.B. breeze.

June 23rd. A fair breeze from the sea. Two Hottentoos
brought a letter from the Fiscal that they could only obtain fuel
there.

June 24th. Stiff N.W., with clou.-ly sky. Obtained 12 sheep
from the Saldanhars for coffee and tobacco. The Fiscal was
notified to fill his vessel as quickly as possible with fuel, and return
at once.

June 25th. Heavy showers during the night, with N.W.
winds. Weather somewhat subsided now. Obtained 10 more
sheep from the Saldanhars.

June 26th. Fine. Wind variable.

June 27th. Fine. Easterly breezes. The Company's vessel
leaves for Robben Island to bring back shells for the kilns here.
She takes four extra hands with her, or seven all told, in order to
be filled the quicker ; also three months' provisions for the residents
on the Island, and two casks of husks (draf) for the pigs there.

Both vessels of the freemen left for Dassen Island.

June 28th. Dirty N.W. weather. Return of the freemen's
vessels, having encountered last night a heavy N.W. storm with
thunder and hail at Dassen Island. The Company's boat was also
compelled .to put back for the same reason. She brought us the
sad news that yesterday evening, about 6 or 7 o'clock, three of our
men had perished there (at Robben Island). They had with the
small boat landed all the provisions, &c., and proceeded on shore
with all the men in order without delay to bring on the shells.
About 6 o'clock they saw the storm approaching from the N.W.,
so that they were obliged to return on board, as in order to save
their vessel they had to leave the spot. Accordingly Pieter Jansz:
Zauipus, stationed on the island, first brought ou board in their small



9

boat three of the men and afterwards the other four, among them
the quartermaster of the vessel, but on the way, when a gun-
shot's distance from the shore and near their ship, the sea runnicg
very high, they were submerged by a wave so that the little boat
sank away beneath them, and only the quartermaster and another
were saved by swimming on shore. The other three, viz., the said
Zarupus who had to put them on board, Gerrit Colman of
Diugslaken, and Jan Mastenb? oeck (the second mentioned left
here by the AmsteUant, and the third belonging to the ship Mars,
both soldiers despatched to the Island to collect shells) had to
sacrifice their bodies to Neptune, and their souls, as we hope and
wish, to God the Lord. The said quartermaster swam on board
this morning, and brought the vessel safely hither about noon.

June 29th. Fine, with S.W. breezes. The Chainouquas sold
us 33 cattle and 26 sheep. Oedasoa and Gonnomoa joined them on
their way hither, as well as a large train of Saldanhars with 11
sheep, which were bartered for copper, tobacco and beads. The
chief of the Chainouquas intended to follow soon with a large troop
of cattle. Oedasoa and Gonnomoa, as well as tha Chainouquas
who had brought the large troop, were well entertained, especially
the chief men, &c.

June 30th. Same weather. The natives leave. The
Chainouquas took with them a present for their chief Sousoa, con-
sisting principally of tobacco. Oedasoa and Gonnomoa also
received, as usual, some tobacco and beads, in order to maintain
their old friendship with them.

The ship Walcheren receives its despatch.

July 1st. Full moon. N.W. breezes.

July 2nd. Sunday. Strong N.W. winds. Obtained 11 sheep
and 1 ox from the Saldanhars.

July 3rd. Wind gone down. Sloop of the Walcheren lands to
take away some more refreshments to the men that were still on
shore ; hoped to be able to leave this afternoon, in which she
succeeded. God grant her a prosperous and safe voyage.

During the afternoon the Commander (Wagenaer) went with
the Secretary and Land Surveyor, Hendrik Lacus, overland to
11 out Bay, in order personally to see how far the men there had
progressed' in woodcutting and loading ; and to have the bay
properly sounded everywhere and charted, to be of service to us
in due course.

July 4th. S.W. breeze and clear sunshine. . . Bought 3
sheep and 2 cows from the Saldanhars. . .

The Commander arrives afcer dark from Iout Bay, accom-
panied by Fiscal Gabbeina, who had already spent 14 days there



10

on the work. In his place His Honour left the Surveyor there in
order, with the assistance of the skipper of the Zeeridder, to take
soundings of the bay, and mark down the whole on a chart, in
order to present us with a pertinent drawing as soon as the vessel
returns, which will be in two or three days time.

July 5th. Nothing worth mentioning occurred.

July 6th. Death last night in Hospital, of Herbert Herbertsz:
of Siemeren, soldier, left here lately by the Peperbael (? Peperboom).
A little past six this morning the flags were flying in the kloof
above Table Valley, an ordinary sign of the approach of ships.
"We believed the vessel signalled to be the Zeeridderken, from
Hout Bay, and found it to be so. She anchored towards
evening.

The surveyor returned with her, and showed us a chart of Hout
Bay, which lay N.E. by N., and had at its mouth a depth of from
19 to 25 fathoms, but between the two innermost points, situated
exactly N. and S. from each other, the depth varied from 3 to 18
fathoms, with a good sandy bottom. The water inside was very
calm, and ships not drawing more than three fathoms might easily
lie behind the innermost point without seeing any sea. On the
southern side it was the clearest, so that it may be approached
nearer than the northern shore. It was large and fine enough for
vessels to enter during the night or a storm, running in between
the two extreme points ; but as between the paw of the Lion
Mountain and the N. point of Hout Bay many dreadful and
dangerous rocks rise above the sea, the entrance should be care-
fully made, as is clear from the chart made of the bay. Moreover,
good fuel, fresh water and abundance of fish are found there at
all times, and it takes no longer than four hours to reach Table
Bay from Hout Bay either on foot or on horseback. This has
often been done.

July 7th. Rainy and cold, with a stiff N.W. gale, so that the
Zfcridder cannot discharge its fuel.

July 8th. Rainy weather. Portion of the fuel landed and
nine sheep bartered from the Saldanhars.

July 9th. Sunday. Lovely weather. Death of the chief
carpenter, Hendrik Bruygom, late of the Walc/teren, of diarrhoea.
He had been landed here to assist us to put a vessel together.

July 10th. Same weather. In the afternoon the said carpenter
was honourably buried with a respectable following.

July llth. Same weather. The Commander went out into
the country to inspect the Company's affairs, and see whether



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