Carl Christian Thorwald Andersen.

The chronological collection of the kings of Denmark online

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B M 501 ^fl?



Peter G uld ur- anci s en








Rosenborg palace.





I ^- y ^^ctcfT ^-^s the town hall of Copenhagen
was the most fashionable place for festivals and assemblies in
honor of the marriages of the daughters of the most respected
and wealthy citizens. The gift was presented, that it might serve
as the bridal ornament of every such bride upon her wedding
day, and was for many generations held in time-honoured pos-
session and preserved in the town hall, from whence it was brought
some years ago to Rosenborg.


From the time of Frederik II (1559—1588).

The order of the elephant of Frederik II.

It is of gold, rather flat, and ornamented with enamel and
other embellishments. On the one side, in a medallion, is a breast
portrait of the king in profile and
under it in blue enamel the letters:
M. H. Z. G. A. the kings motto: Meine
HofFnung Zu Gott Allein (my hope is
in God alone). On the other side,
also in a medallion, the letters F. S.
interwoven (Fredericus Secundus) and
underneath in blue enamel': T. I. W. B.
the wellknown second motto of the
king: Treu 1st Wild Brat (Wildbrat
— his dog — is faithful). The order
is suspended on a very finely finished
long gold chain, to bear round the

This example is of great interest
from its being the oldest in existence.
Of the order of the elephant see for
The order of the elephant of Frederik 11. the rest what is Said under Christian V.

The order of the garter of Frederik II.

This rare and valuable chain, which is about 21 ells long,
is formed of 26 round shields, knitted together by a sort of gold
cord. The shields themselves are double red roses in enamel,
surrounded by an interwoven blue enamelled band, on which is
inscribed the device: »Honi. Soit. Qvi. Mai. Y. Pense.« Under
the centre shield hangs the George and dragon in gold. On the
ribbon for the knee is a gold clasp; it shows traces of enamel
and is ornamented with rubies and diamonds. The ribbon is edged
with white pearls, the device is written in rubies.

The English order of the garter is looked upon as the first
European order. It was instituted by Edward III in 1350, but
received new statutes under Henry VIII April 23, 1523. The
dress of the order is an under-garment of white silke, interwoven
with silwer, a cap and feather, and a blue velvet mantle, upon the
left breast of which is placed an octagonal star with the cross of
St. George and the ribbon with the device of the order. The

ribbon is borne under the left knee. The use of the chain
dates first from 1522. — The example here spoken of was con-
ferred on Frederik II with great pomp in the castle of Kronborg
August 13, 1582.

There have been 7 Danish kings, who have received this
order: i, Erik of Pomerania. 2, Hans. 3, Frederik II. 4, Christian IV.
5, Christian V. 6, Frederik VI, and our present king, whose in-
vestiture took place in Amalienborg palace April 25, 1865.

A Gold ring with a blue Turquoise. Found in the coffin of
Frederik II in the cathedral of Roskilde, when his corpse was
examined in 1857.

A Toilet-glass in a silver gilt frame, adorned with garnets
and amethysts; a great curiosity, which is also implied by the
rich setting of the little glass. It belonged to Sophie (princess of
Mecklenburg) the queen of Frederik II, who died 1631.

A very large glass-goblet (15 inches high and 5 inches
in diameter) from which Frederik II once, in the year 1568, drank
with many princes and noblemen, to see who could drink the
most, of which the names and marks of the king and his fellow-
champions, scratched upon the glass, are a witness.

Numerous plates, with disks of amber and borders of
.silver, on which are engraven two escutcheons. They came from
Germany as a present to Frederik II.

A gold spoon engraved with the Danish arms.

A knife with an ebony handle on which are inlaid in
silver the initial letters of the motto: M. H. z. G. a. and the
date 1570.

A scepter in wood with inlaid ornaments of silver (scenes
from the chase and similar subjects). It belonged to Frederik II.
At the surprise of Kronborg by the Swedes it fell into the pos-
session of Sweden, but was returned as a gift to Frederik VII.

Many weapons that have belonged to Frederik II, amongst
others two swords with cross-hilts; the blades if ells long. Two
finely finished pistols with wheel-lock (the keys to which bear date
1585). Two fowling-pieces, the one of which is interesting from
its having a little eye-glass fixed to the further and of the barrel,
through which to take aim. Three hunting-knifes &c. &c.

From the time of Christian IV (1588—1648).

King Christian IV on the death of his father was scarcely
1 1 years old , for which reason the principal power during his


minority lay in the hands of a regency. The gifted boy received
an excellent education, and when in 1 596 Christian himself assumed
the government of his Kingdom, the young ruler winced a love

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Online LibraryCarl Christian Thorwald AndersenThe chronological collection of the kings of Denmark → online text (page 1 of 9)