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American ecclesiastical review, Volume 27 online

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A few pages carefully read make plain to the intelligent person the Pharisaical aim
•of The Catholic ; but the unwary and simple-minded need be warned against the
imposition.



An important work, setting forth the state of the question and the principles on
^hich are based the respective rights of the Church and the State in the matter of
•education, comes to us from the Belgian Redemptorist, Father F. X. Godts. He
has chiefly Belgian conditions in view, and hardly apprehends the American situation
-in its full extent; nevertheless, his contention is based on sound reasoning, and
-should be of value to educators and statesmen alike.



The London firm of R. and T. Washboume has undertaken to issue a special
•edition for England of our American Ave Maria — we should say Father Hudson's
Ave Maria, for it is he that has given it the excellent character which it has main-
tained for so many years. A religious periodical more than any other class of publi-
•cation is apt to bear the impress of the personality of its editor, and in the case of
The Ave Maria the casual absence of Father Hudson's delicate and tactful supervision
"would make itself invariably apparent.



Father Talbot Smith, of New York, makes a clever reply to the strictures of a
Dvriter in the Irish Ecclesiastical Record, who having made a brief visit to the United
States, concluded that America was a country unfit for Irishmen to live in, because it
invites them to sacrifice their faith to Mammon, or, to use the euphemistic expression
of the visitor, <<for the Irish, America is the road to hell." Father Smith shows that
America offers facilities for the practice of religion which might make it the road to
heaven for anybody that has a mind to go there.



The Sharon Hill nuns keep up an excellent reputation for highly efficient educa-
tional work, as is manifest from the publication of their AUhea. Without any trace
of that clamorous exhibition which advertises its merits before having achieved them,
the School of H. C. J. plainly teaches its pupils the best things in letters, art, and
religious discipline. As a result there is a high-class air and originality about their
semi-annual publication, designed, composed, and published all within the Convent
walls and by the students themselves, which invites confidence in the methods of
training represented by the Religious of the Holy Child Jesus.



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LITER A R Y CHA T. 1 1 7

The Cathedral Library Association of New York, under the direction of its
indefintigable president. Dr. Joseph McMahon, has inaugurated a Truthlovet's
Library ^ conducted on the plan of the ** Booklovers Library," which seems to have
scored great success. The purpose of the Truthlover*s Library is •* to put its mem-
bers in touch with the newest and best literature of the day at a minimum cost and
trouble. For ^5.00 one book will be delivered each week for one year at the resi-
dence of the subscriber. Only one book will be allowed at one time, but the book
may be kept at the pleasure of the subscriber. Annotated lists will be issued fre-
quently to help the subscriber in making selections. All that is required of the sub-
scriber is to write out a list of the books wanted, send it to the above address
of the Library Association and the books will be delivered and called for, one each
week until the Ibt is exhausted.



The John Murphy Company of Baltimore and New York has inaugurated an
active propaganda for a more extensive reading of the Sacred Scriptures among
Catholics. The recent issue of its quarterly TabUt is entirely devoted to this subject,
and contains a series of articles from leading professors ot Scripture, together with
endorsements from high ecclesiastical personages, calculated to render the study of the
Bible intelligently popular. No doubt the Messrs. Murphy deal with the subject chiefly
as a means to launch and increase the sale of their excellent edition of the Catholic
version of the Bible, but if they succeed in this they will have done a decidedly good
thing for their customers as well as for themselves. The sale of good Catholic book»
as conducted by our large and reputable book firms is a work that deserves all encour-
agement, and money spent in building up a good family library is well invested.



Among the rare books and MSS. recently sold from the collection of Mr. Henry
White in London, was a Greek MS. Evangelia Quattuor copied from an old Byzan-
tine codex, consisting of four hundred leaves of vellum, with numerous miniatures
and illustrations ; it brought $ij$QO. A MS. copy of the Little Office of the Blessed"
Virgin^ of the fourteenth century, written on 161 leaves of vellum and containing
fifteen miniatures, was sold for $1,645. A similar MS. of 248 leaves from another-
collection sold for $1,700. Another MS. in Latin, of the Four Gospels^ containing
204 leaves (vellum) and a miniature, written in the eleventh century, sold for-
1 1, 700. A MS. volume, 436 leaves, of a Flemish breviary was bought by Mr.
Quaritch for $9,050. This is said to have been purchased for a New York library..
New York is in possession of a similar MS., the famous Evangeharium or ** Golden*
Gospels** of the seventh century, which was bought for $12,500 by Mr. Irwin of
Oswego, and lately sold to Mr. Pierpont Morgan.

Among the incunabula of interest to theologians were a copy of the edOio'
princeps, A. D. 1467, of the Summa {Secunda Secundae) of St. Thomas Aquinas^
valued at $555 ; and a Venice edition, A. D. i486, of St. Thomas* Commentary on
the First Book of Sentences, sold for $505. Two copies of Lactantius, who is styled
the Christian Cicero, A. D. 1468, Rome, brought $400 and $395 respectively. A St.
Augustine De Civiiate Dei oi A. D. 1468, Rome, sold for $285 ; and another copy
(Mentelin) for $155. The same amount was offered for an Aldine edition of Aristotle
in five volumes, A. D. 1495. The first Dutch Bible printed (A. D. 1477) sold foe
$260. A copy of St Jerome's Epistolacj A. D. 1470, at Metz, sold for $1,010.



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1 1 8 THE ECCLESIASTICAL RE VIE W.

The University of Pennsylvania has conferred the degree of LUerarum Doctor
upon the Rev. H. T. Henry, one of the regular contributors to The Ecclesiastical
Review and The Dolphin. Dr. Henry is an alumnus of the Pennsylvania Uni-
versity. Since his connection with Overbrook Seminary he has been active in the
department of Church history, chiefly with reference to Patristic studies. It is to the
special credit of the University of Pennsylvania that it selected for the bestowal of its
academic laurels a man who as President of the American Historical Society, some
years ago, published a searching criticism of a series of pamphlets entided Transla-
tions and Reprints from Original Sources of European History^ edited under the
auspices of the University by one of its own professors. We can hardly imagine
Princeton, or even old Harvard, showing themselves so liberal in their recognition of
literary merit toward an honest antagonist. Father Henry proves himself not the
less an honor to his classical Alma Mater for being a priest who adds the modest and
unassuming manner of the true Christian gentleman to a broadly cultured mind.



There appeared in a recent number of the Boston Sacred Heart Review an exten-
sive critic of Luke Deltnege. The writer has thoughtfully sifled the work, and shows
that for a proper appreciation of the novel, the reader must master the point of view
from which Father Sheehan approached his subject He himself discovers three
main ideas or revelations as underlying the author's purpose in the story of Luke Del-
m^e. The first is that of the priestly life, as shown in the fine types of the Irish
priesthood, which cluster about the central figure of Delmege. Next there is the
accompanying revelation of an Irish priest's hope for Ireland's future, and his explana-
tion of her present and her past. Finally we obtain a view of the value set by the
Catholic Church, as by the Divine Master, on the individual immortal soul of man.
This conception is precisely what gives to Luke Delmege its permanent value as well
as its originality as a work of literary fiction. To be fully understood, it must be
read several times, and this we should recommend to those who are still puzzled as
to the merits of this singular piece of work, which, in many respects, is superior to
My New Curate.



Dr. Joseph Parker, in a paper contributed to the Daily News ( April 1 1 ) com-
menting upon a recent report of the London Police Courts, touches deftly upon the
education question, as throwing light upon the growth of criminal activity in modem
:SOciety. •* We thought," he writes, **that the Education Act would in due time
put an end to all this. I never comforted myself with this delusion. Education
itself in any intellectual sense never made an honest man, if the man was not honest
ito begin with. Many piteous appeals were made to us to help the work of popular
education, on the plea that children would be taken off the streets and taught good
morals without being subjected to sectarian religious training. This sentimental
argument is founded on a glaring fallacy. It is the educated man who does the most
mischievous work in society. Collect all directors, managers, accountants, and
auditors who have from time to time passed through our prisons and ask them if they
can read or write. They can read and write only too well. The little child-thief
who takes pocket handkerchiefs only may be put in a House of Correction without
making any sensible difference to the extent of burgling. It is the educated man who
must be watched : the man who knows how to shuffle his cards and how to deceive



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LITERAR Y CHA T. 1 19

the very elect. There is only one cure for this most terrible disease of thieving.
Make the tree good, and the fruit will be good. Get at the very heart of the
matter, and never attempt to do by reformation what can only be done by regenera-
Uon."



Mr. Thomas Connery draws an interesting pictore of the present Pope as a
yotmg man when in company of Father Salvagni. We quote :

A few years ago M. Boyer d'Agen interviewed Father Salvagni, an old native
of Carpineto, where the present Pope was bom, and brought out many interesting
little facts about young Feed's love of sport Salvagni was the one youth who was
with Pecci more than others in the hunting expeditions, and it was plain to be seen
that he deplored the feet that Peed the Pope could no longer hunt like Peed the boy.

*' La philosophie peut s'apprendre ailleurs que dans les livres, et la vie est, pour
une ame simple, la meilleure 6cole de la Sagesse." Such was Father Salvagni's way
of expressing his regret at the changed life of ** the prisoner of the Vatican.** " One
can learn philosophy elsewhere than in books, and the best school of wisdom for a
simple soul is life itself.'*

" One day while Ser Nino and I were guiltless of even a single hair on our
chins,** said Father Salvagni, "we were hunting ralouette au filet. Reaching out,
he leaned over the big ditch you see just here, and rolled to the bottom. I helped
him to climb back with my stick, and when he regained the path, safe and sound, he
exclaimed :

"When I become Pope I will have a bridge built across here.**

" The bridge has not yet been built,'* said Father Salvagni to M. d'Agen, "but
the boy has become Pope. One should not make rash vows, you see. On risque de
manquer^L sa parole.*'

At the time no doubt Father Salvagni paid little attention to what must have
appeared a mere random remark, uttered jocosely, as an American boy might say,
«• I will do great things when I become President." But who shall say that the
beardless Carpinetan youth was not even then in some mysterious way conscious of
the future greatness ?

At all events Ser Nino*s remark was at least a curious verification of the old saw
— about words uttered in jest coming true.



PRESS OPINIONS OF "THE DOLPHIN."
Our readers will be interested in what others are saying and thinking of The
Dolphin, now that it has completed its first semi-annual volume. By way of com>
fMiring notes, a few quotations from contemporaries in various districts, and represent-
ing many different constituencies, are to the point and show the current of public
opinion. From the National Capital, the home of the enterprising New Century^
comes a three-column appreciation of The Dolphin, from which we cull the follow-
ing : " The fifth issue of The Dolphin has now been reached, and in these numbers
are ample evidence of ability in conducting such a publication, and of the needs which
it purposes to fill. It reflects the highest credit on the Catholic scholarship of the
New World. ... It has long been felt and occasionally urged that the time is
ripe for the establishment of a Catholic monthly review on the lines of the English
magazines, such as the Nineteenth Century ^ The Contemporary^ The Fortnightly.



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1 20 THE ECCLESIASTICAL RE VIE W.

*<The Dolphin is the first effort in this direction. ... It has come into
being just at the right time, and its five issues clearly evidence that it is fully pre-
pared to meet the intellectual needs of a large class of Catholic laymen, who will
find it an admirable Catholic vade mecum for every month of the year, the better
they become acquainted with its contents. . . . The Dolphin has not fallen
into the error of underbidding other high -class magazines. It is sure to prosper, if I
am anything of a prophet ; and it contains more solid and reliable reading matter,
set out with fine taste, than half a dozen magazines. Therefore, it would be cheap
in price at double its present subscription rate."

The Catholic Union and Times, of Buffalo, says : " This distinctively Catholic
magazine is a comparatively new-comer to the ranks of Catholic literature, but it is
destined to fill a long-felt want. The contents cover topics that ought to be of inter-
est to educated Catholics as well as those who desire to become educated."

The Erie Weekly Herald: " The Dolphin carries out the high promise made
in its earlier numbers. Indeed, it is a high-class magazine, eminently practical, and
appeals strongly to Catholic readers."

From many New England expressions of good will this from The Providence
Visitor is encouraging to The Dolphin : ** Here is a publication of which no lay-
man can say he would be ashamed to put it into the hands of his Protestant or infidel
neighbors. . . . There is much about The Dolphin that recalls the scholarly
tone of the Home and Foreign Review in its better days. It is both orthodox and
tolerant, without a shadow of that irritating spirit of * cocksureness ' which has
been the bane of the average publication among English-speaking Catholics ever
since Vatican days. We do not see how the layman who does not read The
Dolphin can affect to be abreast of the best that b thought and said, not only in the
ranks of his co-religionists, but amidst those less orderly groups of non-believing
minds before whom he will always have to be on the defence. . . . The
Dolphin represents an idea ; there is only one thing that can stifle that — a body
with no intellectual atmosphere to help it to live. Floreai Delphinus, sit incolumis,
sit deatus/**

The New World, of Chicago, calls The Dolphin *« the best Catholic maga-
zine of the month."

A French contemporary, V Independant, says of The Dolphin that it is ** vrth-
prochable it tous les points de vue. . . . Elle int^ressera certainement tons les
Catholiques instruits."

From Ireland, through The Irish Monthly, of Dublin, come words of cheer fix)m
Father Matthew Russell, S.J., that are appreciated: "The Dolphin will, we are
sure, increase its constituency every month, and establish itself as securely as its
ecclesiastical sister magazine. . . . The scope of this fine magazine is very wide,
embracing all the branches of knowledge in which a thoughtful and educated layman
may be supposed to be interested."

Says the Georgetown College Journal : ** The Dolphin continues to maintain its
high place as the most scholarly and thoughtful of all the Catholic periodicals that
come to our table. . , . The reviews are among the very best we have read
an3rwhere."



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121



Another collegiate well-wisher, speaking for the ladies, after promising The
Dolphin success ''judging from the initial numbers of the magazine," with true
womanly helpfulness, adds : ** Its success must depend on the efforts of its friends,
whose first work should be to enlarge the circle of its lay readers.** — The Young
EagUy Saint Clara College.

The Right Rev. Bishop of Covington, in the official organ of the Priests*
Eucharistic League, Emmantul^ of which he is the Editor, writes : ** When we read
the programme of this review, especially intended for lay Catholics, we felt like
grasping the hand of the successful Editor of The Ecclesiastical Review and
thanking him for the realization of a long-dreamt dream. The first numbers promise
the fulfilment of our best expectations. Now let the Reverend Clergy go to work and
prevail upon every la3rman of means, and every graduate of college and convent, to
subscribe to The Dolphin. They will get an intellectual, artistic and literary treat
which will soon disgust them with the scatterbrain pabulum of the dime monthlies.'*

Numerous other expressions of encouragement firom public and private sources
augur well for the future of The Dolphin which is designed to grow more perfect
in proportion to its popularity among our educated classes.



Recent popular Books*



Annie Fellowes John-



ASA HOLMES :
ston. ^1.25.

Asa*s character of a pious and cheer-
ful old philosopher whose lifelong aim
has been to serve his fellowmen, is un-
folded in a series of brief sketches,
embodying the talk at the Cross- Roads
store, I, ^., a village grocery. The
book is pleasantly written, and abounds
in charity.

BALE MARKED CIRCLE X: George
Cary Eggleston. Lothrop. $1.50.

Three Southern boys and a confed -
erate non-commissioned officer leave
blockaded Charleston with a little
cargo of cotton, one bale containing
important papers. They are pursued
and engaged by a Union cruiser, but
escape with one prisoner; they are
capnzed, but manage to right their
craft, and arrive safely in Nassau. The
officer's instructions to the boys and
their experience embody much infor-
mation about sailing a sloop, and the
historical situation is clearly explained
in excellent English^ [Ten to eigh-
teen years.]



COMMENTS OF A COUNTESS:
Anonymous. Lane, %i.^o,

ytrj shallow and tame comments
on English society as it presents itself
to a peeress whose impecunious hus-
band is under the dictation of the
dowager countess as to which of his
own houses he shall occupy. This
sufficiently indicates the author's abil-
ity to write of English peers, and her
abstinence from indecency does not
confer any positive merit upon her
book.

COURAGE OF CONVICTION: T.
R. Sullivan. Scribner. 5l*5o.

The author contrasts the lives of a
painter who seeks his art first, and a
musician who forsakes his art for
money which for a time enslaves him.
It is well written, with no yielding to
the popular fancy for coarseness and
roughness, the author very evidently
having the quality which gives the
book its title and refusing to make
politic concessions. His men and
women are strong enough and good
enough to be worthy of a place in a
book, no common merit this season.



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122



THE ECCLESIASTICAL REVIEW.



DAMSEL OR TWO: FniDkfort F.
Moore. AppUton, ^1.50.

Two sisters, daughters of an Eng-
lish officer defrauded of his entire for-
tune by a "promoter," attempt to
earn money by singing in public and
by house decorating, and thus leam
something of human meanness and
stinginess. The company promoter,
making an attempt to obtain possession
of a valuable mineral deposit in their
father's land, is thwarted by a clever
journalist, and the little comedy ends
with happiness for all the good char-
acters, and crushing discomfiture for
the promoter.

EARTH'S BEGINNING; Sir Robert
Stawell Ball. Appleton, |i.8o net.

Plain expositions of the theories at
present held by the astronomers as to
the history and constitution of the uni-
verse, with necessary explanations of
the discoveries forming the bases of
the newer hypotheses. The original
form of the book was lectures for
young persons, and it is within the
apprehension of any intelligent child
of high-school age. It is illustrated
with photographs of the heavenly
bodies, charts, and pictures showing
the effects of volcanic eruptions, to
which the author devotes much space.

ERRAND BOY OF ANDREW
JACKSON: W. O. Stoddard. Lo-
ihrop, ^1.50.

A young Tennessean volunteer ol
1 814 is at Fort Bowyer, and assists in
the arrangements for persuading La-
fitte and his Baratarians to aid in the
American defence of New Orleans.
A slave called Black Sam, and a
Seminole warrior, aid the real person-
ages in making the story interesting,
and it ends with an excellent descrip»-
tion of the battle of New Orleans.
[Ten to fifteen years.]

FIVE LITTLE PEPPERS ABROAD:
Mrs. Lothrop (^Margaret Sidney).
Lvihrop, J 1. 50.

The Peppers, Mr. King and Jasper,
Dr. Fisher and Mrs. Fisher wander
about Holland and a few places be-
yond its borders, chiefly employing
themselves in spending money, and in
being exasperatingly and laboriously
virtuous. The story ends with a



description of a visit to England,
the account being garnished with
really wonderful blunders. "The
vicar asked the grace ' * is one of the
least of them. Ihe story is too sweet
for anything, for reading, most of all.

GIRL OF VIRGINIA': Lucy Meacham
Thruston. Little. $1.50.

Frances, daughter of a professor of
the University of Virginia, b slowly
won to love an undergraduate, but
learning at the moment of betrothal
that he has a divorced wife, she and
her &ther unite in sending him away.
After a time she is betrothed to a man
worthy of her, and refuses to recon-
sider the question when the wife of
her former lover dies. It is a graceful,
clean story of a good daughter and
good girl.

GOLF : William G. Brown. Himghton,
A very small manual dealing with
the mental and moral attitude neces-
sary for good playing, and useful to
men and women accustomed to rule
their muscles through their minds.

GRAND DUCHESS : Frances Gerard.
Button, 2 vols. ^7.50.

Anna Amalia, mother of Karl
August, Grand Duke in Goethe's
time, is here shown by the light of
many contemporary memoirs and letters
which also illuminate Goethe and his
acquaintances. The tale is curious,
aud it is not the author's fault that
Goethe's part in it is unedifying, but
she has made little effort to give her
work compactness and logical sequence.
Reading it is better than wading
through the letters and journals form-
ing its basis.

HARDWICKE : Henry Edward Rood.
Harper. 51.50.

A Presbyterian church with a con-
gregation of villagers, each one intent
upon having the gospel preached ac-
cording to his own private judgment,
and a minister firmly resolved to re-
spect his own mind and development
meet and quarrel through some lively
chapters. The general teaching of
the book is that only the narrow-
minded insist that belief in any truth
excludes belief in its contradictory. A
pious busybody, and a time-serving
Ia3rman are evidently drawn from life.



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123



HERALDS OF EMPIRE : A. C. Laut.
Appleton. $1.50.

The struggle of the French and Eng-
lish for the possession of America is
the background of a melodramatic story,
of which part of the action takes place
at the court of Charles II. Some
amazing errors, such as calling Henri-
etta Maria *• a Jezebel and a Poti-
phar/' appear in the text.

HER SERENE HIGHNESS: David
Graham Phillips. Harpers, I1.25.

The familiar story of the American
who loves the princess on sight, and
persuades her to marry him, is viva-
ciously and concisely related.

HINDERERS: Ada Ellen Bayly, Edna
Lyall. Longmans, I1.25.

This is a pro- Boer story, with all the
virtues given to the heroine of twenty-
eight, and her lover of sixty years, and
the vices of using rouge, incivility,
breaking the Sabbath, neglecting chil-
dren, gambling, and a few more im-
partially divided among the English
men and women who believe in their
country. It is unworthy of its authors.



Online LibraryCatholic University of AmericaAmerican ecclesiastical review, Volume 27 → online text (page 13 of 78)