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Elizabeth Bates

Robert Bayly [Baylie]

Mr. Bellot [Arthur (?) Billet]

Edward Benet

Mr. & Mrs. Thomas Bishop [Bishopp]

Francis Blackwell

Christopher Bowman, deacon, later an elder.

Braithwait, deacon.

Robert Bulward, excommunicated.
Thomas Canadine
Mr. Castel

Alexander Carpenter
Richard Clarke

' See E. Pagitt's «' Heresiography ", fourth edition, London, 1647, 4°,
p. 65.

Members of Francis Johnson's Congregation 135

George Cleaton

lohn Clifton

lohn [Jean] de Cluse [de I'Ecluse]

Thomas Cocky

Anne Colyer

G.[eorge] Colyer

Mr. Crud

Christopher Dickons

G. Dickons

William Eiles

lohn Fowler

R. Frank

William Gilgate, Ainsworthian, formerly a minister in England.

Mr. Greene

Mr. Hales [?Halies]

Mother Heas

Mistresse Hinton

ludith Holder

William Holder

Henrie Homline

I. Huntley

Cvth.[bert] Hvtten(?)

Mr. Isaac

Robert lackson

Lewis Jenkins

Francis lohnson & his wife Mrs.

Tomison lohnson

George lohnson

lacob lohnson, who had returned to England before 1603.

lohn lohnson, Francis Johnson's father.

Mr. Knifton, an Elder.

Christopher Lavvne

Charles Leigh, Captain of the " Hopewell " in which Francis

Johnson and Daniel Studley sailed for Canada.
Mr. [Nicholas ?] Ley [? Lee]
Richard Mansfield, Ainsworthian.
G. Marshal

136 Early English Dissenters

George Martin

Heur}' May

Marie May [Maie], "the victualler".

Stanshal Mercer

Philipp Merriman, in 1603 a man of sixty years of age, who

had been excommunicated "about 20. Years".
Thomas Michel [Mitchell]
lohn Nicholas
Thomas Odal
Mr. Onyon

[Mrs(?) Catherine Onyon (?)]
Richard Ore

Pecksall, "the Prophet".

Father Perriman

lohn Phelps

T. Pring

Abraham Pulbery [Pulburie]

Widdow Roules

Clement Sanders

Mat.[thew] Savnders [?]

Mr. [Thomas] Settel, a preacher, and about 1595 prisoner in

the " Gate#House ", London. [By 1609 he was in

W. Simson, an Ainsworthian (?).
Mr. [Matthew ?] Slade, once an Elder.
Daniel Studley
Mr. & Mrs. Sutheby
Joseph Tattam
Anthony Thatcher
Martin Thatcher
Edward Tolwine
lohn Trappes
Ellen Vpton
B. W.

Roger Waterer
I. Whatley
I. Wheler

Members of Francis Johnson's Congregation 137

Geffrey Whittakers

" wandering brethren, (wandering starres) ", who go " hither

and thither / to and from England abiding in no certaine

lohn Beacham
William Shepheard
lohn Nicholas
Richard Paris
David Bristoe
William Houlder.



[The "Seven Demands" of Francis Johnson
and his Followers, 1595.]^

SEVEN QVESTIONS which have ben propounded
to divers of the Ministers of these asserablyes, with
request that they would aunswer them directly and
syncerely from the Scriptures. Which also still is
desired at theyr hands.

1 ^TTHether the Lord lesus Christ have by his last

W Testament given vnto and set in his Church,

sufficient ordinary offices, with theyr calling, works,

and maintenance, for the administration of his holy things, and

1 First published on page 141 of [Francis Johnson's] "A TREATISE |
[Device] ©f tf)c /ttinieterg of tf)c Cfmrrf) j of (Pnglani. | Wherein is handled
this question, | JliAfjctftrr it be to be separated from, | or jopnetr bnto. | ... |
21160 in tf)e rtiO of tt)e treatise, | Some notes touching the Lordes prayer. |
SEVEN QVESTIONS. | ..." The work is a quarto, chiefly printed in
Gothic Letter. No date or place of printing is given, but on p. 137 at the
close of the main text is the date 1595. In the above citation I do not
distinguish between the Gothic and the Roman type.

Wil.[liam] Euring in his "Answer to the Ten Covnter Demands
Propovnded by T. Drakes", 1619, fortunately gives on Sigs. Aj verso,
and A3 recto and verso, a copy of the Barrowists' "7 Demands", and
remarks that they had been "propounded" "some good space since".
Euring modifies the text a good deal in section 2, and slightly in some
of the other sections. Without Euring's copy the original publication of
the "7 Demands" might never have been identified as Francis Johnson's
*' Seven Questions " printed almost twenty-five years before Drakes' " Ten
Counter Demands". At this period the word "demand" evidently could
be used as a synonym for the word " question ".

The Barrowists and Thomas Drakes 139

for the sufficient ordinary instruction guydance and service of
his Church, to the end of the world, or no ?

2. Whether the offices of Pastors, Teachers, Elders,
Deacons and Helpers, be those offices appoynted by Christ in
his Testament, as aforesaid ? Or whether the present ecclesi-
asticall offices of Archbishops, Lordbishops, Suifraganes, Deanes,
Subdeanes, Prebendaryes, Chauncelors, Priests, Deacons or half
Priests, Archdeacons, Subdeacons, Commissaryes, Officials,
Doctors, Proctors, Registers, Scribes, Apparitors, Parsons, Vicars,
Curates, Stipendaryes, Vagrant peachers, Chapleynes or howse
priests, Canons, Petticanons, Gospellers, Epistlers, Chaunters,
Virgerers, Queristers, Organ-players, Churchwardens, Sidemen,
Collectors, Clerks, Sextans, and the rest now had in these
Cathedrall and parishionall assemblyes, be those offices ap-
poynted by Christ in his Testament, as is aforesayd, or no ?

3. Whether the calling and entrance into these ecclesi-
asticall offices last aforesayd, theyr administration, and main-
tenance, now had and reteyned in England, be the maner of
calling, administration, and maintenance, which Christ hath
appoynted for the offices of his Church aboue named, or no ?

4. Whether every true visible Church be not a company
of people called and separated out from the world and the false
worship and wayes thereof by the word of God, and ioyned
together in fellowship of the Gospell, by voluntary profession of
the faith and obedience of Christ ? And whether the ecclesi-
astical! assemblyes of this land be such, or no ?

5. Whether the Sacraments [being scales of righteousnes
which is by faith] may be administred to any other then the
faithfull and theyr seed, or in any other Ministery and maner
the is prescribed by lesus Christ the Apostle and high Priest
of our profession ? And whether they be not otherwise
administred in the Cathedrall and parishionall assemblyes of
England at this day ?

6. Whether the book of common prayer with the feasts,
fasts, holy dayes stinted prayers and leiturgy, prescribed therein
and vsed in these assemblyes, be the true worship of God
commaunded in his word, or the devise and invention of Man,
for Gods worship and service.

140 Early English Dissenters

7. Whether all Churches and people (without exception)
be not bound in religion onely to receyv ad submit vnto that
Ministery, worship, and order which Christ as Lord and King
hath given ad appoynted to his Church : Or whether any man
receyv and joyne vnto another, devised by man, for the service
of God ? And consequently, whether they which ioyne to the
present ecclesiasticall Ministery, worship, and order of these
Cathedrall and parishionall assemblyes, can be assured by the
word of God they ioyne to the former orde)med by Christ and
not to the latter invented by Man, for the worship and service
of God ?

^ Let him that readeth, consider.

[Woodcut border at the bottom of the page]

[Sig. A recto] [Device]

AvrepcoT-qfiara ThomsB Draks}



pounded to those of the Separati-
on, (or English Donatists) to be directly, and
distinctly answered}

f ■np'^^^^»^;4!=5al•'T|Hether, that their rent,
ri^i^iivjlii^^'^ Separation from the Chi

Schisme, and

^ . ^ ^ Church and Con-

j ^^J ^^^ gregations of England, can (in any

L- — J l j^ probabilitie) bee pleasing vnto God,

seeing, it hath such vnhappy beginnings,

the a first founder of it, comming to

Maiiter Bolton. ludas his shamcfull and fearfull ende, hanging himselfe : and

Maitter Browne, the 6 second totally recanting it, and reioyning himselfe to our

1 The "5" in '^^ Draks" is very indistinctly printed and might easily be
taken for an i, but I think that the reading here given is preferable.

2 This work appears to have been composed of only four leaves and to
have had no separate title-page. The last jmge is blank. No date and no
pl£u^ of printing are given, but the date is probably 1618 or 1619. It is
uncertain whether the pages were numbered. There are a number of
marginal corrections in the copy I have seen.

The Barrowists and Thomas Drakes 141

Church, as diuers of their proselites doe daily : seeing also it

hath had so small encreases, and so many dismall and fa tall

euents, and diuisions: one side excommunicating the other,

some of them turning Anabaptists, and c others dying and Maister Nowell
,. ^ , , , r • 1 ^- of Sheldon in

distracted, by reason oi irresolution. Warwicke-shire,

2. Whether, that the quintessenced profession. Religion ^"'^•

and discipline of these Nouations and In-

A nouators,

[Sig. A verso] [Ten Counter demaunds.]

nouators, as it standeth in opposition to the Church of England,
and the rest of the reformed Churches) can bee of God, or, haue
any approbation from God, seeing that it hath no vertue, power
and efficacy in it (as the Gospell preached in our English
assemblies by Gods blessing abundantly hath) to winne, conuert,
and drawe vnto their partie and profession. Atheists, Papists,
Heretikes, rude, profane and ignorant people: The Apostles,
Euangelists, and ther [marginal correction : their] holy suc-
cessors, conuerted all sorts vnto God, but these refined reformers,
onely seduce the sound, and peruert and estrange from vs, those,
that are otherwise well affected, and of some vnderstanding and
make them twofold more refractary then themselues.

3. Whether that (in the very separatists conscience) our
reformed assemblies, (wherein the Gospell of Christ is sincerely
preached and professed, and the Sacraments duly and rightly
administred) are worse then the lewes Synagogues, in which Mat. 23. v. 2. 3.
notwithstanding Christ his Apostles preached ; & our Ministers,
worse then the Scribes and Pharisees, that sat in Moses Chairs,
when [marginal correction : whom] Christ commandeth the
people to heare, and obserue and doe, whatsoeuer (according to
Moses Lawej they did bid them obserue. Wherefore fto reason
d minore ad mains) if our Lord lesus, his Disciples, and the
people did not separate from their Synagogues and assemblies,
that were in faith and maners farre more defectiue then ours
are, much lesse ought they to separate from our Church and
assemblies, wherein, all the grounds of Christian Religion are
soundly held, and professed. 4. Whe-

142 Early Emjlish Dissenters

[Sig. A 2 recto] Ten Counter demaunds.

4. Whether that those great multitudes of people (though
Mat. 14. 13. hitherto wanting the pretended Church-constitution of the

Separatists) that euen fasting heard our Lord lesus preach, and

loh. 6. 5. 10. professed theraselues his Disciples, falbeit many of them were

^^' drawen, not by doctrine but by miracles, report, & with a desire

to be fed) can with any reason bee denied to bee members of

loh. 6. 27. the visible Church, and whither those three thousands [marginal

correction : thousand] which blessed Peter at one Sermon

conuerted (^for they were baptized, continued in the Apostles

doctrine, fellowship, breaking of bread and praiers.) were not,

before that Presbyters and Deacons were chosen, true members

of a visible Church, and this camiot bee refuted, and why are

not our Church assemblies in England, (much more grounded

in the truth) &c. a true visible Church ? and then with what

Act. 2. 37. 38. conscience, doe, or can these Separatists sequester and rent

themselues from them.?

5. Whether, (to ascend no higher, and neerer the Apostles
to me [marginal correction : time] as I might) that in Con-
stantines [marginal correction : Constantine] the first Christian
Ertiperours time, and euer since vnto M'. lohn Caluins dayes,
for the space of some thirteene hundred yeares, there was no
Christian Churches in Asia, Africke, Europe, because they had
the same outward constitution, formal State, Bishops, Arch-
bishops, Metropolitans, & Church-gouernment (for substance and
substance of doctrine) that our English Church hath, and
retaineth. And if those were true visible Churches, why are
not ours f also ?■)

6. Whether, that the reformed Churches in the

A 2 lower

[Sig. A 2 verso] Ten Counterdemaunds.

lower, and higher Germany, in France, the Church of Geneua
&c. (that come neerer to their constitution and discipline, then
ours doe in England,) bee true visible Churches, or no ? if they
be such, why then doe they not adioyne themselues to some of
them, but distast them as much as they doe ours ? And why

The Barrowists and Thomas Drakes 143

doe they not in iudgment assent vnto any or all of those
reformed Churches, that with a ioynt consent (as may appeare
by the harmonie of Confession [marginal correction: Confessions])
acknowledge the Church of England to be a true visible Church,
and giue vnto it the right-hand of fellowship ? how dare they
refuse such a cloude of witnesses ? \n\\ these fj,ov6ao(f)oc put
out all their eyes ? is there no Church in the world but their
Platonicall Idea ?

7. How can the Church, or, Church-assemblies of England,
bee false, Antichristian, bastardized, wherein the Gospell, is so
soundly and solemnly and substantially taught and professed,
and the Sacraments, so rightly administred and receiued, whose
Bible translations, ('specially the last English translation done
by his Maiesty [marginal correction : Maiesties] command^ are
so pure, that the very Separatists rest in them : wherein are so
many thousands, yea hundred thousands of true Converts and
orthodoxe Christians, that hath bred and brought forth so many
excellent and renowned Martyrs, who haue sealed the trueth of
our religion with their bloud, and died members of the
protestant Churches; wherein so many Christian eanles are
comfortably harboured, wherein so many sound, religious and
learned Pastors, Doctors, Preachers, as (for proportion) no
Country in the world

[Sig. A3 recto] Ten Counter demaunds.

can afford the like ; and by whose doctrine, writings, disputes,
(not to speake of the Magistrates sword) the Romish lerico
hath bin more shaken, and the second beast the Antichrist,
more fatally wounded, then by any nationall Church whatso-
euer : and which Church, and the members thereof, haue beene
so wonderfully blessed and protected, and so strangly deliuered
from the rage, tumults, designes, treasons, conspiracies of the
Romish Antichrist and all his adherents: and in which Churches
(as one of the princiall [principall] Separatists I. R. [?Iohn
Robinson] in his admonition ad lectorem, in his owne name and
in the name of his faction, lately prefixed before the third booke
of M, Robert Parker, de politia ecclesi. [title underlined by the

144 Earlji EngUiih Dissenters

corrector] pag. 368. confesseth, that the grace of God by the
Gospell, in respect of the cheife heads of true Christian faith,
by diuers of the faithfull preached, doth so abound, that there
are very many godly and holy men in these assemblies, both of
Reformitants and Con form i tan ts, which they acknowledge for
brethren in Christ &c. We haue (by their owne confession)
sound faith, and holinesse, why then doe they or how dare they
sunder and rent themselues from such a Church, and why will
they for accidents and circumstances, denie and renounce the
substance of a Church ? And if they (vpon bettercosideration
[sic]) esteee [marginal correction : esteeme] vs brethren, with
what warrant ca they seperate from holy brethren in Christ, i«
it not good and pleasant for to see brethren to dwell together in
vnitie ? Did not the conuerts in S. Peters dayes continue dayly
with one accord in the Temple &c. And why doe not our
Separatists[,] who would

[Sig. A3 verso] Ten Counterdemanunds. [sic]

accounted ? [sic, and the interrogation point has been crossed out

by the corrector] conuerted Saints[,] imitate them, must wee

Act. leaue and forsake a goodly Cittie, for the weaknesse of the walls ?

8. How can the formall state (as they call it) of the

Prouinciall, Diocesan, Cathedrall & Parishionall Churches of

England, and the regiment thereof, be vnlawfull, papall, Anti-

christian ? And how doe, or, can the Lawes of the land, and

Ecclesiasticall Cannons confirme it ? seeing that the name,

calling & office of BB: [Bishop] whether we respect ordination

of ministers or power of iurisdiction, is (as hath ben, & will be

proued) for substance expressed in diuers places of the new

Testament ; seeing, it hath had a continuall succession from

the Apostles time to this day, as all auncient Fathers and

Counsells acknowledge : and seeing that (at least) this formall

estate of Diocesan, Parishionall and Cathedrall Churches, hath

Anno, bin in vse, long before Antichrist was hatched, for the Pope

^^^* was not Antichrist before he had gotten the Title of vniuersall

Bishop, nor complete vntill he had gotten into his hands both

swords, that is, both Ciuill and Ecclesiasticall Dominion : Doth

The Barrowists and Thomas Drakes 145

not euery Bishop amongst vs, euery Pastor and ecclesiasticall
officer, abiure the Prpes [marginal correction : Popes] vsurped
supremacie ? Doe not our statutes, and Cannons directly make
againg [marginal correction : against] papistry and Idolafry
[marginal correction : Idolatry] ? What will Sathan expell
Sathan, and will the members of Antichrist fight against
Antichrist ? And admitt all bee, as you pretend, doe we not
fat least j kill Antichrist with his owne sword and weapons ?

9. Whether, any new lawes can, or ought to be enacted, or
any further reformation made without


[Sig. A 4 recto] Ten Counter demaunds.

the Christian Princes or Magistrates consent, or euer in a well
ordered Church hath bene enacted, or made [marginal correc-
tion : " : "] and whether, they haue done well, to seperate with,
[sic, with the comma crossed out by the corrector] out the Kings
Maiesties leaue and licence, and consent of the state ?

10. Whether, it were not the separatists best course,
toretume [sic] to Gods true Church and people, from which
fvpon some concealed hard dealingj they haue made an vnlaw-
full rent, and therein to confer with the best learned, and if still
their consciences be somewhat tender, to supplicate for some
fauour and liberty, or if they will not take this course, whe-
ther it were not good for them, for the avoiding

of scandall, and in expectance of some pros-
perous successe, by the permission of our
noble King, and honourable Coun-
sell :^ to remoue into Virginia, and
make a plantation there, in
hope to conuert in-
fidels to Christi-
anitie ?


' Sic, but the colon has been crossed out by the corrector.

B. II.



YEARS 1603—1605

[A Copy of the Text of Henry Jacob's Letter to the Puritan
Preachers, sent from Woodstreet, London, on June 30, 1603,
with the accompanying form to be signed for use in con-
nection with the presentation of the Millenary Petition to
King James I.]^

Moreover I ame to let you vnderstand, y' many learned and
godly ministers are about to exhihite to y^ Kings maiestie k
Petition, for the reformation of thinge* amisse to our Church.
Whervnto a consent of as many, as conveniently we can gett,
is very behooefull [?]. my opinion and truste is conceminge you,
that you wilbe, not only a partaker, but also a furtherer of this
Christian dewty ; I haue sent you heere inclosed, y* forme to be
subscribed by all such as haue good-will [?] to this purpose./ I
praye you, let me haue an awnsweare[?] heerof from you, asone
[as soon] as you may ; with so many of your well affected frends
hands therevnto as shalbe thought good./ It is not intended,
that your names shalbe rashly shewed to any mans preiudice,
but reserved to a fitt opportunity, if we shall perceaue that
they altogether beinge brought forth, will further owr desires
and sute ; of y® good succese wherof, we conceave good hope,
thanke* be to god./ Thus beseechinge god to keepe and
sainctify vs for his service and to geue vs Wisedome in all

1 HarL MS. 6849, foL 254

Papers of Henry Jacob's 1603—1605 147

thinges. I bid you hartely farewell. Woodstreet in London.
30. of lune 1603.

Yours to his powre,

Henry lacoob
I could Wishe you to conferre with
D"". Airey about this matter.

The copie of Henry lacoob his letters,
Written to procter Dale ; and by him
shewed to m"" Searchfeeld. — 5. lulij.
and by him shewed, to .R. H. — 6°. lulij.

The copie of the subscription

We whose names are vnder Written, doe agree to make our
humble petition to y® Kings mazestie that y*' present state of our
Church may be further reformed in all things needful! accordinge
to the rule of godes holy woord, and agreeable to example of
other reformed Churches, which haue restored both the doctryne
and disciplyne, as it was deliuered hy our Sauior Christ, and his
holy Apostells.

[The Text of a later, undated, general Letter, also sent from
Woodstreet by Henry Jacob with an abbreviated text of the
earlier form of subscription and a list of abuses which the
Puritans wished removed.]

["M"" Jacobs I papers."] 1

Reverend, & wellbeloved, notwithstanding I suppose you have
ben already written vnto, or at at [sic] the least have ben

1 MS. 113, fol. 242-25.3, in Lambeth Palace Library, London, first
published by me in "The Review and Expositor" (Louisville, Kentucky)
for October, 1907, pp. 489-51.3, under the title, "Lost Prison Papers of
Henry Jacob." This letter, as well as all the following documents here
included relating to Jacob, are to be found in the above-mentioned pages
of this one manuscript. One paper entitled, "Kneeling in y« very act of
Eating and Drinking | at the L. Table is simply evill ", as well as some
minor jottings by Jacob, I have not attemped to present here.


148 Earl 11 Euylish Dissenters

com??ainicated with by those who have ben written vnto by
som from hence to procure a consent of the faithfull Ministers
of your Country [?] according to y® tenure [?] of y' inclosed, yet
I thought good againe & that by advice of others heere with vs
by a word or two to stirre vp your godly minds to this necessary
duty, & the rather because they to whom the blemishes of our
Church are profitable & in their conceipt honorable leve no
stone vnrcmoved to hinder a further reformation. Besides the
tyme draweth neere wherein the declaration of your consent in
y'" busynes will be of great vse, & therefore y^ matter requireth
the more expedition. It is not intended y*^ yowr names, w/itch
we desyre to be sent vp hither, shall be rashly shewed to your
prejudice, but reserved to a fit opportunity if vpon the exhibiting
of our peticion the same shall be found expedient for y® further-
ance of our cause, of y® good successe whereof we conceave good
hope thanks be to God. Thus beseeching God to keepe k,
sanctify vs for his service & to Give vs wisdom in all things
I bid you hastily farewell. Woodstreet in London.

We whose names are vnderwritten do agree to make &c holy

word. . And agreeably &c Apostles. In particular we

desyre the removing of the Ecclesias^jcall Courts, y'' dumb &
idle ministers, Nonresidencyes, offensive & superstitious Cere-
monies, Subscription beyond Law, the 0th ex Officio, Excom-
mwmcation for trifles, by Lay men, &c.

If any think not good to go so far as the example of other
Churches &c let them stay at the first line. If any thinke
good to descend into particulars let y®" go beyond y® 2 line,
& reckon vp as many & as few as they please.

[An undated Petition written by Henry Jacob to the Bishop
of London, requesting that he may be released from imprison-
ment in the Clink.]^

I humbly beseech your Lordship [the Lord Bishop of London]
to consider Christianly of my estate. I am com?/iitted by your

1 This petition appears to have been written not long before April 3,

Pa2)ers of Henry Jacob's 1603—1605 U9

selfe & others in authority with you for publishing my Treatise,
wAtch is written only in way of Reasoning & not inveyghing
against owr Church Traditions. I vse not therein any detracta-
tion or reproch any way : I do but argu[e ?] & reason the matter,
being no new but an ancient controversy amon[g] vs. I beseech

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