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receiuing the Sacrament of y® Lords Supper, which I approued,
and prseferred before Kneeling, grounding what I sayd vpon
Luke 22. 27 to 31, ...nor did I euer heare that any man tooke
offence thereat, but this informer who was discontented the
weeke before at a sermon wherein some Arminian errours were
touched vpon by me, which quickened him to watch for some
aduantage, wherevpon he might ground an accusation.
Whereas it pleased you to question vpon oath whether I haue
not bene Cause, or Conscious of any English bookes, or treaties
printed or published in these parts since my Coming ouer, or
now in press, wherein the present orders and gouemment of
Engl: in church affayres are traduced and vndermined ? my
answer (but without oath till I shall be lawfully called thcre-
vnto) is negatiue. D"" Ames his last booke Sz intitled a fresh
suit against Ceremonies is the onely booke, that I know of,
which hath bene published since my coming into these parts,



284 Early English Dissenters

that booke with y® pnefacc was printed before I came from
Enghuid, yea before the authors death, who was buried before
my arrivall here, nor haue I dispersed any of them in England,
or in these countryes. my profession of to [sic] being still his
Mate«ties Loyall & faythfull subieet is in simplicity and trueth,
neyther shall they disprouc it, who traduce me, and if they
proceed according to those beginnings, I shall be constrained to
declare myne innocencie in an Apollogy printed to the vew [view]
of the world, and therein to communicate the grounds, where-
vpon my iudgme/it and practise was altered, and the reason of
my departure thence hither ; with such obseruations as I haue
made in both places. But it is not my purpose so to doe, vnles
the continuance of iniurious aspersions make it necessary, in
which case the law of God and of nature bindeth men to such
a Vindicacton of theyre innocency as the Case requireth. oh
that the good hand of God would bring it to pass that those
vgly vizzards of disloyalty and schisme being pulled off, the
persons that are besmeared and deformed with these obloquies
might be represented to his Maiestie in theyre owne shape and
colours, viz. in the tendernes of theyre conscience, in the
peaceablenes of theyre disposition, & in the simplicity of thejTe
intentions for the good of church and Commonns. vnder his
Royall Gouemme^t for the continuance of whole life [sic], and
raigne in peace and prosperity I doe and shall (as I am bound)
daily prostrate my selfe with my poore prayers before the
throne of grace

[A Letter of Stephen Goffe's to Sir William Boswell con-
cerning the difficulties between John Davenport and John Pa-
get, of the year 1634/3.]'

Sir:

The newes of kvasterdam that is the difference concerning
Baptisme w'^^ is betwixt m' Pagett & m' Damport & the
difficultie of his proceeding there Stephen ofwood who hath
beene with you hath better related than I can, that heard it
only at large at Delph [?], whether m"" Damport him selfe was

' Add. MS. 6394 (Boswell Papers, Vol. i.), fol. 179 recto.



Early English Churches on the Continent 285

comming to consult with m"" Forbs. The Crowne of Christian
martyrdome [?] could not be found because m' Voot [?] was not in
towne. M"" Widdowes [?] was there newly returned from Leyden,
where he desired me if I would do him no good to do him no
harme, it seemes (not that he feares obstacles (as he saith) but
for expedition) he hath some good book a printing w''*' I must
inquire after. It is no vnvsuall thing to suspend men from the
sacrament, for as I was served here so was one m*" Brooks
a gentleman of very good worth & more than ordinary desert &
goodnes putt by at Rotterdam, m*" Fetters to avoyd the blame
of it made great love vnto him, but so ordered it that his Elders
refused him without alledging any reason at all that I can
heare. This business is of that consequence that many honest
gentlemen of my Lords company at Delph take it very ill. for
that they went of purpose some of them — (one Captaine Robberts
by name) to Rotterdam having not opportunity at Delph ; to
have receaved but hearing this of m"" Brooks desisted in their
suite. & complaine of the difficulty of the way to Heaven here
more then in England or the Gospell. I came so late home
last weeke, that I have nothing to say fro?n, Leyden

Leyden ff./[?][163f]

Your most humble thankfuU

Servant

Stephen Goffe.

[A letter of Griffin Higgs' to Sir William Boswell, dated
"April .9. S.[tilo] Vet. 1634.... at the Hage."]^

M''. Damport [Davenport] is still a Non^Conformist to the

Dutch Church as well, as to the English ; in many points : [?]
one is the notsbaptizing of Infants, vnles he approve the[?]
parents faith, and life : wherevpon the Dutch ministers have
silenced him, and (without Conformitie to their orders before
the first of may) they doe peremptorily reject him... it is
manifest, that the Dutch ministers doe mislike our Nons
Conformists, and would more Easilie entertaine Conformable
men of Learning, and good life, and moderation. For they doe

» Add. MS. 6394 (Boswell Papers, Vol. i.), fol. 200-1.



286 Early Enylish Dissenters

now professe at Amsterdam, that they will not continue the
stipend to any English minister, who comes against the King
of Englands pleasure

[A letter of John Paget's to Sir William Boswell, dated
"Amsterdam, March 13 1636 Stilo nov."]>

Honourable S',

According to yowr desire I have sent vTito you this book
of the forme of of [sic] com?/ion prayers & administration of
sacrame?ite* printed at Midleburg this being the fourth edition.
Some parts of it are translated out of the Dutch formulier ; in
some things it varies, Though I never accurately compared
them together, yet I think vpon the view of some places, it
had bene better if there had bene lesse variation. I can well
misse it for twise so long a time as you mention ; yet seing I
have no more but this copy, neither know where they are to be
got, I would willingly at youv leasure receave it againe, when
you have done with it. The God of heaven be with you &
cover you with the shadow of his winges:

Amsterda?n, March 13 Your Honours to be Commanded

1636 Stilo nov.

lohn Paget:



A true. Relation of the fii-st Erection

of an English Church in Vtrecht,

with the proceedings synce. /.'

Before the yeare i622 there was noe settled Congregation, but
only Regiment Preachers whoe duringe the tyme that the
soldiers were in Garrison preached vnto them, but they gocinge
into the feild the English Cittizens and inhabitants were
destitute of preachinge and other diuine administrations. / .
Vpon which occasion some of the most eminent of the Cittizens

» Add. MS. 6.394 (Boswell Papers, Vol. i.), fol. 228 recto.
2 Add. MS. 6394 (Boswell Papers, Vol. i.), fol. 270-75. This account
appears to have been written about 1637 or a little later.



Early English Churches on the Continent 287

of the English nation, propounded among them, to erect a
settled Congregation, because they were of a good number,
wAich they could not doe without permission of the Lords
the staites of the Province, and Magistraites of the Citty of
Vtrecht, the Chiefe difficultie beinge then for to finde meanes
for the maintenance of the Minister. / .

Whervpon they made a Muster of the families, & inhabitants,
and found them to be aboute i20 in number, whoe framed a
petition, which they all signed with their owne hands, and sent
one Ralph Wase, and Ephraim Buttler into the Haghe [Hague]
vnto Sir Dudley Carelton \sic\, then Lord Ambassadour of his
Majestic of great Britaine, entreatinge his letters of recom-
mendations [?] to the Lords to the staites of this Province that
they would be pleased to grant them some Meanes for the
Minister, and permitt them to erect a Congregation &c, which
the said Lord Ambassador vpon their request did, wAich petitio?i
of the Cittizens, and Letter of the Lord Ambassador are yet to
be seene in the staites Chamber dated 20*^' [?] Aprill 1622. / .
The said Cittizens of the English Nation in Vtrecht petitioned
the staites of the Province and Magistraites of the Citty of
Vtrecht, for a grant of a Church to meet in, and for a stipend
towards the Maintenance of their Minister. / .
The states consented and allowed i50 gulders [?] yeerly towards
the Preachers maintenance and the Citty allowed as much, and
the^ Church of st[.] Katherine was designed them for theii*
meetinge in, [?] comr?ion with the soldiers of the Brittish
Nation w/iich was done the 8*''' of May i622 as we finde it
recorded by M"" Thomas Scott his owne hand, the first Minister
of this settled Congregatio?i: / .

The said Thomas Scott hath likewise recorded that then the
Captaines ioyned with the Cittizens, and desirous to haue an
English Preacher sent expresse messengers to m"" Thomas Scott
then Preacher of the English Garrison at Gorchum, to call him
to this place, and they promised (to witt the Cittizens) to make
a certaine stipend of 600 guldens by the yeare, and to allow
him a house. And that besides he should haue the benefitt of
the Garrison, w'^*' was 2g by the short month of euery syngie
Companie and rateably of the rest. / .



288 Early English Dissenters

The Consent of the states of this Province dated the 14 May,
and of the Citty dated the 13"' May 1622 is with a proviso,
that they (to witt the Congregation) shall not goe to the
callinge of a minister then with dew Correspondence, and
xamination [?] of the Minister, & w*='' purpose they of the Citty
gaue Com??jission vnto the Sche|K)n [Schepen] Wttenwell [?],
and vandcr Lynghen of the Citty Counsell.
The aforenamed m' Scott beinge called he was inducted by
m' John Forbes Preacher to the Marchants adventurers at
delft, whoe then preached, m"" Barkeley preacher at Rotterdam,
m"" Andrew Hunter preacher to the Scottish Regiment and
m"" Gualter Whitestone preacher to the Regiment of Viscount
Liste. / . Also their were present the Committyes of the States
and Magistrates, besides diuers english Officers of the Garrison
then at Vtrecht with all dew solemnitie on the 20*^*^ May
1622./

The Cittizens of the English and Scottish Nation resident at
Vtrecht made amongst them a muster of them that were able for
to furnish the 300g, w°'' they had promised, to make the 600g,
and euery one of tlie Contributor names, and their promised
Contribution set downe in a list, and performed it accordingly
as diuers of them that are yet aliue and then were Contributors
can testifie. / .

This Contribution continued but one Yeare, and because there
were many to whom this Contribution fell heauy the Con-
gregation resolued againe to entreate the aforenamed Lord
Embassador to writte in their behalfe for increase of meanes,
w*** he did accordingly and vsed divers reasons, that they were
Cittizens, & ought not to be treated otherwise then the other
Cittizens, and alsoe as the French Nation, and other more
reasons, as by the said letter in the states Chamber of this
Province is yet to be scene. / .

Hauinge obtained this letter, m"" Thomas Scott writes with his
owne hand in the records of the Church, that the 12'''' of June
in place of change of Church officers the Elders were continued,
because the Ministers stipend beinge not yet fully settled it
was thought fitt to employ them still in the businesse whoe
were best acquainted with it. And alsoe because the Church



Early English Churches on the Continent 289

beinge Newly gathered the Deacons were best acquainted with
such members as had need of assistance, and w*^^ the estate of
thosse who should assist and Contribute. Then they put vp
a request vnto the states and another to the Magistrates of the
Citty for increase of meanes towards the Maintenance of the
Minister, that soe the Cittizens of the English Nation might be
eased. The states granted an increase of lOOg yearly and the
Magistrates the like somme, so that the Minister frow the states
and Magistrates received yearly 500g, and fro??i the Cittizens
lOOg and this was paid quarterly by equall portions./.
In June 1625 the Preacher Elders and Deacons of the English
Congregation petitioned to the states and Magistrates of the
Citty that because the Church of st Katherine was somewhat
toe farr out of the way that they might haue againe the vse of
st Peters Church ; And procured to that end the Letters of
recom^nendation of Henry Earle of Oxford, and Generall Cicill,
w*'^ was granted vnto them, and tooke now possession therof
24^'' July 1625./.

The d>^^ of June 1626 m"" Thomas Scott was killed goeinge
to the Church by one John Lambert soldier of Viscount
Wimbletons Compa?we. / .

The Consistorie of the English Congregation fearinge that their
church might fall to the gi'ound beinge but newly raised, writ
the lO*^ of June Letters in the name of the Congi-egation to one
m"" Jeremie Elbrough then at Montford, Lamentinge their heavy
Losse, entreated his presence to accompanie the dead corps, and
to conferre with him further in acceptinge the place of m"" Scott.
The said m"" Elbrough came, yet could not accept the call vntill
he was freed fro?/i Colonel Levistone to whose regiment he
was lately taken to be minister, w"** leaue he shortly after
obtained. / .

The 20'*' June the Synod of the English and Scotch Nation
was kept at Vtrecht, and the Elders put vp a petition to the
said Synod that the said Elbrough might be admitted for their
Pastor w''*' was granted, wherevpon the Synod with the Elders
put vp requests to the Lords the states and Magistrates of the
Citty that they would be pleased to afford m' Elbrough the
same allowance to be continewed to him as was before granted

B. II. 19



200 Early EnfjUsh Dissenters

to ni'' Scott ; w'^'^ requests were granted, and the same Meanes
continued. / .

Thi'U the Elders and Deacons acquainted their P;u>tor ni' Elbrough
how many of the Cittizens were not .able to pay the somme that
was formerly agi-eed on generally to make vp to make vp [sic\
the yeerly 200g vid:t lOOg to the Preacher, the other to the
Reader: VVherevpon m"" Elbrough discharged them of his
stipend, and left it free to some of abilitie to giue, w*^'' were
before bound by couenant to pay. / .

M"" Jeremy Elbrough hauinge received Lettei-s testimoniall out
of England as he w'.os inioyned by the Synod, was confirmed
in his pastoi-all charge of the English Church at Vtrecht, by
m"" John Forbes Preacher to the English marchants at Delft,
on Thursday the iith Januar?/ 1627 : there were present
m' Samuell Batchelor Preacher to the Regiment of S"" Charles
Morgan Knight and Colonel ; m"" Flaraan [?] one of the Dutch
Preachei-s of the Citty; alsoe John Innis[?] Wenwall[?] one of
the Magistrates of the Citty, with the Captaines English of the
Garrison, and the Burgers of the Citty, / .

The 29''' August 1627 vpon the request of the Minister, Elders
and Deacons of the Church, the states and Magistrates of the
Citty allowed eich an augmentation of 50g by the yeare : soe
that now the states and Magistrates eich of them haue giuen
and doe giue still 300g. yearly. / .

Note that all this While the English Church at Vtrecht was
gouerned by it selfe, and many disputes and questions thereofe
arisinge troubled as well the states as Magistrates and the
Chassis, they tooke notice therof, and resolued to make them
a member of the Classis, yet did they continue by themselues
as long as m'' Elbrough was here. / .

In the yeare 1629 m"" Elbnjugh was called to be Minister at
Hambrough to the English Marchants theere, and in his place
succeeded Doctor Alexander Leighton a Scotchman and at his
beinge taken on there was observed the Order of the Classis ;
as alsoe he tooke session with them and the English was
admitted as a Member of the Classis./.



' I have given here only aJ)out half of the contents of this manuscript.



Early English (Jlinrches on the Continent 291

[A Letter of Robert Crane's to his Cousin, Sir Robert Crane,
Knight and Baronet at Chilton, Suffolk, dated "Vtrecht y*
16[. .?] 1640", concerning the English Church at Arnheim.]^

s -

Since I came into these Countryes I haue bin in a perpetuall
Motion, still rooleinge from Citye to Citye, so as yet I could not
gather any thinge worth your notice, nor truly is there almost
any discourse but of the lamented state of England. I meete
here with many sects, but few Religions, and see more super-
stion [superstition] in theire houses then in theire Temples,
'tis vsuall to prophane the Churches without contradiction,
whilst the very gi-ound of their Chambers is held as holy ;
either wee must walke bare^foote, or else noe admission into
theire Paradise, and if accidentally wee enter into a Garden,
we find euery Tree bareth forbidden fruite; In Gelderland at
the Citie of Arnham [?] [Arnheira] I receiued greate fauors from
diuers worthy gentlemen of our Nation who haue theire seated
themselfs, especially from these S"" William Constable, S' Mathew
Boynton, S"" Richard Saltingston of Yorkshire, as also from
M"" Laurence who within few yeares liued neere Berrye [Bury
St Edmunds ?], They haue two Preachers, and this the dis-
cipline of theire Church ; Vpon eueiy Sonday a Communion,
a prayer before sermon & after, the like in the aftemoone [?],
The Communion Table stands in the lower end of the Church
(w^t'ch hath no Chancell) AltarAvise, where the Cheifest sit
& take notes, not a gentlewoman that thinkes her hand to
faire to vse her pen & Inke, The Sermon, Prayer and psalme
being ended, the gi-eatest companie present theire offeringes,
wAich amounte to aboute two or 3 hundred pounds a yeare
Sterlinge. the Ministers content themselfs with a hundred
pounds a man per Annum the Remainder is reserued for pious

vses ;

Your most humble & most obe#
Vtrecht y^ 16 dient Cosen & Seruant

[..?]1640 Robert Crane

1 Tanner MS. 65 (fol. 24), in the Bodleian Library, Oxfoi-d.

19—2



XVIII

SELECTED DOCUMENTS FROM THE GOULD MANUSCRIPT'
ILLUSTRATIVE OF THE HISTORY OF SEPARATIST AND
INDEPENDENT CONGREGATIONS IN ENGLAND BEFORE
1642

A REPOSITORY of Divers Historical Matters relating to
the English Antipedobaptists. Collected from Original Papers
or Faithfull Extracts. [By Benjamin Stinton.]

ANNO 1712.

I began to make this Collection in Ian: 1710-11.



Numb: 1.

[So-called Jessey Records or Memoranda.]

The Records of An Antient Congregation of Dissenters
from w'^'' many of y^ Independant & Baptist Churches in
London took their first rise: ex MSS of M"". H. lessey, ^v^•'
I rec^. of M'. Richard Adams.



Of M^ Jacob the Cheif beginner of this Church his Works
& proceeds about this Way.

Henry lacob a Preacher, an eminent man for Learning, haveing
w*^** others, often & many ways, sought for Reformation, &
shewed the Necessity thereof in regard of the Church of
England's so farr remoteness from y^ Apostolical Churches in

' At Regent's Park College, London. I do not italicize letters which
were manifestly first underlined by the Rev. George Gould of Norwich.



Documents from the Gould Mcmuscript 203

his 4 Assertion dedicated to King lames, & he made an offer 1604.
of Disputation therein

A Humble Supplication to his Majesty (viz) King lames for 1609.
permission to enjoy y® Government of Christ in lieu of humane
Institutions, & abolishing that of the Antichristian Prelacy, as
more opposite to Monarchy & to his Royal Prerogative : And
haveing set forth

An Attestation of y° most famious & approved Authors 1610.
witnessing w^'' one Mouth y*- each Church of Christ should be
so independent as it should have y® full Power of all y*' Church
affairs entire within it selfe : And Published

The Divine Beginning & Institution of a Visible Church, 1612.
proveing y*^ Same by many Arguments, opening Matth: xviii. 15
w'^^ a declaration & fuller evidence of Some things therein :
And haveing published

An Exposition of y'' Second Comandement, shewing that 1610.
therein now is required a right vissible Church State & Govern- 1610
ment independent

He hav ing had much conference about these things here ;
after y'' in y'' low Countries he had converse & discoursed much
^yth jyjj. jj^o Robinson late Pastor to y^ Church in Leyden & w'^
others about them : & returning to England In London he held
many several meetings w*^ the most famious Men for Godliness
and Learning (viz) M'' Throgmorton, M"" Travers, M"" Wing*,
M' Rich Mansell, M'' Jn.° Dodd [(]to whom D^ Bladwell was
brought y*^ by his opposition y'' Truth might y" More appeare)
these w''^ others haveing seriously weighed all things & Cir-
cumstances M"" Jacob & Some others sought y*^ Lord about
them in fasting & Prayer togeather: at last it was concluded
by y^ Most of them, that it ware a very warrantable & com-
mendable way to set upon that Course here as well as in
Holland or elsewhere, whatsoever Troubles should ensue.
H. Jacob was willing to adventure himsclfc for this Kingdom
of Christs sake, y"" rest encouraged him.

1 I think this may have been John Wing, who in 1632 was " Pastor to
the English Congregation at Vlishing in Zeeland", and who pubhshed
in that year a book entitled, "The Crowne Conjugall, or the Spouse
Royal,...", 8".



294 Early English Dissenters

The Church Anno 1616 wiis gathered
Hereupon y® said Henry Jacob w*^*" Sabine Staismorc [Stares-
more], Rich Browne, David Prior, Andrew Ahiiey, W™ Through-
ton, Jn° Allen, Mr Gibs, Edw'^ Farre, Hen Goodall, & divers
others well informed Saints haveing appointed a Day to Seek
y'' Face of y® Lord in f;isting & Prayer, wherein that perticular
of their Union togeather tis a Church was mainly coriicndcd to
y" Lord : in y'' ending of y^ Day they ware United, Thus, Those
who minded this present Union & so joyning togeather joyned
both hands each w^'' other Brother and stood in a Ringwise :
their intent being declared, H. Jacob and each of the Rest
made some confession or Profession of their Faith & Repentance,
some ware longer some ware briefer. Then they Covenanted
togeather to walk in all Gods Ways as he had revealed or should
make known to them

Thus was the begining of that Church of which proceed,
they within a few Days gave notice to the Brethen here of the
Antient Church.

After this Hen Jacob w<is Chosen & Ordained Pastor to that
Church, & many Saints ware joyned to them.

The same Year y^ Said Hen Jacob w^'' y*-' advice & consent
of the Church, & of some of those Reverend Preachers before-
said published to y*" World

A Confession & Protestation in the Name of certain
Christians, therein showing wherein they consent in Doctrine
w'"' yC Church of England, & wherein they ware bound to
dissent, with their evidences from y" Holy Scriptures for their
dissent in about 28 perticulars viz

1. Christs offices.

2. Scriptures all Suffic.

3. Churches Distinction.

4. Visibile Church.

5. Synods & Counsels.

6. Cathol. Church Politick.

7. Provinciall Church.

8. Parish Chu. Bondage.

9. L. Arch: Bp«. L. l^if.



Documents from the Goidd Manuscript 295

10. Makeing Ministers.

11. what Com union w"-*^ them.

12. Pkiralists. No[7i.]resident8

13. Discipline Censures

14. Pastors Number & Power

15. Mixt Multitude.

16. Humane Traditions.

17. Traditions Apostolick.

18. Of Prophecy.

19. Reading Homilies,

20. Christs descent to Hell.

21. Of Prayer.

22. Holy Days so called.

23. Marriage, Burying, Churching, &c.

24. Ministers being Magistrates.

25. Lords Days Offerings.
2G. Tiths Church Dues

27. Magistrates Power

28. Necessity on us to obey Christ rather
than Man herein.^

With a Petition to y'' King in y° Conclusion for Tolleration
to such Christians.

At y^ Same time also he published a Collection of Sundery
Reasons. 20 & 4 Conclusions proveing how necessary it is for
all Christians to Walk in all y*^ Ways & Ordinances of God in
purity, in a right Church way. part of them were made by
M"" Wring [?Wing] the Preacher.

About eight Years H. Jacob was Pastor of y^ Said Church
& when upon his importunity to go to Virginia, to w"** he had
been engaged before by their consent, he was remitted from his
.said office, & dismissed y'^ Congregation to go thither, wherein
after [blank space] Years he ended his Dayes. In the time of
his Service much trouble attended that State & People, within
& without.

After his Departure hence y*^ Congi'egation remained a Year

' In the Gould Manuscript these twenty-eight "particulars" are
arranged in two columns of fourteen each.



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