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wounde* (w*''' now ar made and Lykely to shedd eeven
streames of christian bloode may be healed Those faythfull
of oure mynde w*^*^ yet remayne and such as god no doubt
will rayse vp in this cavse of christes may be revnited yea
rather all of vs vnited to Christe owre Head with ioye.
And what so ener it shall please god and her excellent
matestei to dispose of oure Lyves, yet we therby beinge
brought to the sight of such faultes as we ar chardged to
have committed (but yet see not) may then humbly
acknowledge the same and suffer such punishment as ar
[sic] inflicted to the good example of others to the honor
of her maiestei and this State. And this as in sight of
Christe I vowe by his grace, and dare assure in the behalf
of my christian bretheren. Lyke raynded that yo" or any

1 Harl. MS. 6849, fol. 211 recto.
B. II. 7

98 Early English Dissenters

of yo" takiuge this christian and brotherly paynes shall
recouer and Lead vs by every word of God to agree with
yo" and be obedient vnto his whole will /

He/iry Barrow

[Another undated Letter of Henry Barrowe's, requesting a
" peceable disputacion " for the settlement of " sondrie Ecclesi-
asticall difference*".]*


y moste humble and submissiue [?] desire vnto your
worship was and is, That for so much as, there remaine
sondrie Ecclesiasticall differences of no smale weight
betwixt rae wtth sondrie others hir highnes faithfull
subiectes now imprisoned for the same, on the one side
and this present ministerie now by aucthoritie established
in this land on the other vndecided, or as yett indis-
cussed [?], your worship would vouchaffe [sic] to be a
meanes to hir moost excellent maiestie, That a Christian
and peceable disputacion by the scriptures might be
vouchaffed vnto some fewe of vs, with whom or how
manie, of our aduersaries herein shall in wisedom be
thought meete, for the readie & happie deciding or
composing the same. Protesting to yowr worship in the
sight of god, at whose finall Judgement, I looke howrelie
to stand, that I hould not anie thing in thes differences
of anie singularitie or pride of spirit, but as I am hetherto
certainlie perswaded, by the vndoubted groundes of godes
worde, the profession and practise of other reformed
Churches, and learned of other Countreis, wherof if wee
hir maiesties said few imprisoned subiectes, shall faile to
make evident and assured prooffe, and that those learned,
shall shew anie other thing by the word of god in the
said Christian conferrence desired. That then, I for my
parte, vow vnto yowr worship through godes grace, as
also [I] am perswaded, my said imprisoned brethren
permitted this conference will doe [?] the like, that I will
vtterlie forsake anie errour I shall be so proved to holde,
» Harl. MS. 6849, fol. 214.

Documents relating to Henry Barrowe 99

and in all humble and glad consent to submitt to our
now discenting aduersaries in all those matters wherin
now wee differ, if theie shall approve them vnto vs by the
word of god. By w/tzch charitable [?] Acte yoi^r worship
maie put end to theise present controuersies reduce [?] as
wherin wee erre and a peace [sic] manie a Christian
soule. /

your worships humble suppliant

henry Barrowe

[" Reasons against Publike disputacion with (Henry) barow."]

It is not equall, safe nor fitte

to graunt a disputacion to Sectaries^

.1. It hath ever been denied by the state to papistes, a secte
that had possession of the Church for some hundred
yeares before.

.2. To call the ministerie, and confession of the Church of
England into question were to call all other Churches
likewise into question against whom also ther exceptions

.3. The Church of England hath submitted her selfe to
disputation thrise .1. in King Kdwards tyrae, in Q,ueene
marie in Qibeene Elizabethes.

4. The erroneous opinions of these men have been already
condemned by iust treatises of the most famous learned
men that have lyved since restitution of [sic] relligion.

.5. It is no reason that relligion, and the controversies therof
the same beinge alreadie established by parlament [sic]
should be examyned now by an inferioitr authoritie by
way of disputation

.6. It is no reason (that all the Reformed Churches in Europe
acknowledginge our Church of England for a sister) the
same should be now brought into question at the will &
request of a fewe sectaries.

» Harl. MS. 6849, fol. 212.


100 Early English Dissenters

.7. Their principall errours have been already discussed by
disputations and writinges in the dayes of S'' Augustine,
and that by himselfe, &c.

.8. To call the ministerie of England into question is to
strengthen y® papistes, and to dishable all the exercises of
the mysteries of relligion ever synce the establishment

9. It hath ever been the manner of Heretiques to require [?]
the same by great importunities, and continuall exclama-
tions [?], as Novatus, Arrius,...

.10. It hath already been discussed by bookes written, out of
wAich the truth may better appear, then by a tumultuarie

.11. They that require disputation of the Ciuill magistrate
will not stande to the ludgement of the Ciuill magistrate

.12. If the Church should satisfie everie sect that riseth[?]
there were no ende of disputations.

Mr Barrowes letter written a little before his death.
To the right honorable, &c.*

T Hough it be no new or strange doctrine vnto you, right
honorable and excellent Ladie, who have ben so educated
& exercised in the faith and fear of God, that the crosse should
be joyned to the gospel, tribulation & persecution to the faith
& professio/i of Christ ; yet may this seem strange vnto you, &
almost incredible, that in a land professing Christ, such crueltie
should be offred vnto the servants of Christ for the truth &
Gospels sake, & that by the chief Ministers of the church, as
they pretend. This no doubt doth make sundrie, otherwise
wel affected, to think hardly of vs & of our cause ; & specially,
fynding vs by their instigation, indicted, arraigned, condemned,
& readie to be executed by the secular powers, for moving
sedition and disobedience, for difFaming the renowmed [stc]

CHRISTIANS I As are commonly (but vniustly) called | Brownists: | ...",
1604, pp. 89-95.

Documents relating to Henry Bar r owe 101

person & government of our most gracious Soveraigne Qu.
Elisabeth & this state. But, right honorable, if our adversaries
proceedings, & our suffrings with the true causes therof, might
be duly expended by the scriptures ; I doubt not but their
malice and our innocencie should easily appear to al men :
howsoever now they think to cover the one and the other, by
adding slander vnto violence.

Your Ladyship readeth, that the holie Prophets who spake
in the Name of God, yea our blessed Saviour himself and his
Apostles, have suffred like vsage vnder the same pretence of
sedition, innovation, rebellion against Caesar & the state, at the
hands & by the means of the chief Ministers of that church,
the Priests, Scribes, and Pharisees ; men of no lesse account
for holines learning and author! tie, then these our adversaries.
The faithfull of all ages since, that have witnessed against the
malignant synagogue of Antichrist, and stood for the Gospel of
Christ ; have suffred like vsage, at the hands of the same
Prelacie and Clergie that now is in the land, though possessed
of other persons : The quarrel stil remayneth betwixt the two
opposite kingdomes of Christ and Antichrist ; and so long shal
endure, as any part of the apostasie and vsurped tyrannie of
the man of sin, shal remayne. The apostasie and tyrannie of 2 Thes. 2.
Antichrist, as it sprung not at once or in a day, but by degrees
wrought from his mysterie to his manifestation & exaltation in
his throne : so was he not at once wholly discovered or abolished :
but as Christ from time to time by the beams of his appearing, Reu. 16.
discovered the iniquitie, so by the power of his word, which can
not be made of none etfect, doth he abolish the same, & shal
not cease this warr, vntil Antichrist with his army, power, &
ministerie, be wholly cast out of the church. Assurance & Rev. 19.
manifest revelation hereof, we have both in general & particular,
in that historical prophesie given of Christ vnto his church by
lohn the divine in the book of the Revelation, from the 10. to
the 20. chapter: proof & accomplishment hereof, we have
hitherto found in the abolishing of al the errors, idolatries,
trumperies & forgeries discovered and witnessed against, by
the faithfull servants of Christ in former ages. Neither is
there cause why we should doubt of the like sequel & event in

102 Early English Dissenters

the present & future times ; seing the enormities remayning,
are no lesse hateful to God, & contrarie to the kingdome of
Rev. 18. 8 Christ : and God that condemneth them is a strong Lord to
execute his will, which no opposition or tyrannic of his ad-
versaries, shalbe able to hinder or resist.

Whiles then we be in the mercies of God, holding the most
holy & glorious cause of Christ against them, that hee might
Philip. 1. 25. reigne in his Church by such Officers and lawes as he hath
2 Thes 1 prescribed in his testament ; we fear not our adversaries in any

thing, knowing that their malice & opposition herein, is made
to them a token of perdition, and to vs of salvation, and that of
God. For this cause we are bold, both to stand for the holy
Ministerie government & ordinances of Christ prescribed in his
word ; and also to withstand and witnesse against this anti-
christian hierarchic of the Prelacie and Clergie of this land, in
their Ministerie, ministration, government, Courts, Officers,
Canons, &c. which I by writing, have shewed to have no ground
or warrant in Gods word ; not to be given, or to belong vnto
the church of Christ, but to be invented by man; the very
same that the Pope stil vseth, and erewhile vsed & left in this
land. The like, others of vs more learned, have offred and do
stil offer vpon the dispence of our lives to prove by the expresse
word of God, in any Christian & peaceable conference, against
any whosoever, that wil there stand for the defence of the

The Prelats, seing the axe thus layd to the roots of the tree
of their pomp, not able to approve their Ministerie, ministration,
government, which they vsurp & exercise in the church, by the
Scriptures ; sought to turne away this question, & to get rid of
their adversaries by other subtil & hostile practises : as at the
first by shutting vp the chief of vs in their close prisons; by
diffaming vs in their pulpits, printed books and sparsed libels
in the land ; by seeking to invegle vs with certaine subtil
questions to bring our lives into danger; by suborned con-
ferences with certaine their select instruments : Not to speak of
the manifold molestations, and cruel usage at their commaund-
ment shewed vs in the prisons. To their reprochful &
slaunderous books, being set of God, though most vnworthie,

Documents relating to Henry Barrowe 103

& suffering for the defence of the faith, & being thus provoked
by them, I held it my dutie, according to the small measure of
grace received, to make answer. Which I also did more then
three yeres since. Likewise to deliver our selves from the false
report and witnes that might be made against vs in those
Conferences, we thought good to publish them to the land.
For these books written more then three yeres since, after well
neer six yeres imprisonment susteined at their hands, have
these Prelates by their vehement suggestions and accusations,
caused vs to be now indicted, arrayned, condemned, for writing
& publishing sedicious books, vpon the same statute made the
23. yere of her Maiesties reigne. Their accusations were
drawen into these heads:

First, That I should write and publish the Queenes

Maiesty to he vnbaptized.
Secondly, the state to be wholly corrupted from

the crowne of the head to the sole of the foot, in

the lawes, iudgments, iudges, customes, &c.

so that none that feared God, could live in peace


Thirdly that all the people in the land are infidels.

To these indictments I answered, generally, that eyther
they were mistaken, or els misconstrued ; that neyther in my
meaning, matter, or words, any such crime could justly be
found: My meaning, being just & without evil towards any
man, much more towards my Soveraigne & the state, whom I
from the hart honored: The matters, being meerly ecclesiastical,
controverted betwixt this Clergie and vs: My words, being
eyther in answer of their slanders, or in assertion of such things
as I hold : That if I had offended in any of my words, it was
rather casual through hast, then of any evil intent.

More particularly to the first, concerning the Queenes
baptisme; I answered, that it was vtterly mistaken, both
contrary to my meaning and to my expreesse words in that place
of my book, as manifestly there appeareth to any indifferent
reader : That I there purposely defended her Maiesties baptisme
received, against such as hold the baptisme given in Poperie

104 Earlif English Dissenters

to be no baptisine at ail ; where I proved, that it needed not to
be repeated : yet there I also shewed such baptisms given in
Poperie, not to seal Gods covenant to the church in that estate;
& therefore that the abuse ought by all that had there received
it, to be repented.

To the second indictment, I shewed the words by me vsed
to be drawn from Isaiah, 1. & Revel. 73. That I had no evil
niynd towards the state, lawes or ludges ; but onely shewed,
that wher the Ministerie, the salt, the light is corrupted, the
body and all the parts must needs be vnsound : which I
immediatly in the same place of that book, shewed by the
general breach of the lawes of both Tables, by all esstates,
degrees, persons, &c. setting down the particulars.

To the third indictment I answered, that I gladly embraced
& beleeved the common faith received & professed in this land,
as most holy & sound: That I had reverend estimation of
sundrie, & good hope of many hundred thousands in the land :
though I vtterly disliked the present constitution of this
church, in the present communion, ministery, ministration,
worship, government & ordinances ecclesiastical of these
cathedral & parishional assemblies.

Some other few things, such as they thought might most
make against me, were culled out of my writings, & vrged : as.
That I should hold her Maiesty to be antichristian, & her
government antichristian. To which I answered, that it was
with great and manifest injurie so collected : seing in sundry
places of that book, and every where in all my writings &
sayings, I have protested my exceeding good opinion & reverend
estimation of her Maiesties royal person and government, above
al other Princes in the world, for her most rare & singular
vertues & indowments. I have every where in my writings
acknowledged, all dutie and obedience to her Maiesties govern-
ment, as to the sacred ordinance of God, the supreme power he
hath set over all causes & persons, whether ecclesiastical or
civil, within her dominions : Alwayes desiring to be intended
of this false ecclesiastical government, forrayn power canons
and courts brought in and vsurped by the Prelates and their

Documents relating to Henry Barrowe 105

But these answers, or whatsoever else I could say or allege,
prevayled nothing ; all thinges being so hardly construed and
vrged against me; no doubt through the Prelates former
instigations, & malicious accusations. So that I, with my
fower other brethren, were the 23. of the third moneth, 1593.
condemned, & adiudged to suffer death as fellons, vpon these
indictments aforesaid. Vpon the 24. early in the morning, was
preparation made for our execution : we brought out of the
Limbo, our yrons smitten of, & we ready to be bound to the
cart ; when her Maiesties most gracious pardon came for our

After that, the Bishops sent vnto vs certaine Doctors &
Deanes, to exhort and confer with vs. We shewed, how they
had neglected the time ; we had ben well nigh six yeres in
their prisons, never refused but alwayes humbly desired of
them Christian conference, for the peaceable discussing &
deciding our differences, but could never obteyne it at their
hands : neyther did these men all this time come vnto vs, or
offer any such matter : That our time now was short in this
world, neyther were we to bestow it vnto controversies, so
much as vnto more profitable and comfortable considerations ;
Yet if they desired to have conference with vs they were to
get our lives respited therevnto. Then, if they would ioyne
vnto vs, two other of our brethren in their prisons, whom we
named vnto them, we then gladly would condiscend to any
Christian & orderly conference by the Scriptures, with such or
80 many of them as should be thought meet.

Vpon the last day of the third moneth, my brother
Grenewood & I were very early & secretly conveyed to the
place of execution ; Where being tyed by the necks to the tree,
we were permitted to speak a few words. We there, in the
sight of that judge that knoweth and sercheth the hart, before
whom we were thence immediatly to appear, protested our
loyaltie & innocencie towards her Maiestie, our nobles, governors,
magistrates, and this whol state : That in our writings we had
no malicious or evil intent, so much as in thought, towards any
of these, or toward any person in the world : That wherin we
had through zele, or vnadvisedly, let fall any word or sentence

106 Early English Dissenters

that moved offence, or cjiried any shew of irreverence, we were
hartily sorie, and humbly besought pardon of them so offended
for the same. Furder, we exhorted the people to obedience &
hartie love of their Prince & Magistrates, to lay down their
lives in their defence against all enemies : yea at their hands
meekly and paciently to receive death, or any punishment they
shall inflict, whether justly or vnjustly. We exhorted them also
vnto orderly quiet & peaceable walking, within the limits of
their o^vn calling, to the holy fear & true worship of God. For
the books written by vs, we exhorted all men, no further to
receive anything therin contejmed, then they should find sound
proof of the same in the holy Scriptures. Thus craving pardon
of al men whome we had any way offended, and freely forgiving
the whole world, we vsed prayer for her Maiesty, the Magistrates,
people, and even for our adversaries. And having both of vs
almost finished our last words; behold one was even at that
instant come with a reprive for our lives from her Maiesty :
Which was not onely thankfully received of vs, but with
exceeding reioysing & applause of all the people, both at the
place of execution, & in the wayes, streets, & houses, as we

Thus pleased it God to dispose the vttermost violence of
our adversaries, to the manifestation of our innocencie, con-
cerning the crimes whereof we were accused & condemned :
and not onely so, but also to the further shewing forth of her
Maiesties princely clemencie, rare vertue, & Christian care over
her faithful subjects, to the yet further manifesting of her
renowned fame & love amongst all her people. And sure we
have no doubt, but the same our gracious God, that hath
wrought this marvelous work in her Maiesties princely hart, to
cause her of her owne accord & singular wisdome, even before
she knew our innocencie, twice to stay the execution of that
rigorous sentence ; wil now much more after so assured &
wonderful demonstration of our innocencie, move her gracious
Maiesty freely and fully to pardon the execution therof, as she
that never desired, & alwayes lothly shed the blood of her
greatest enemies ; much lesse wil she now of her loyal Christian
and innocent subiects : especially if her Maiesty might be truly

Documents relating to Henry Barrowe 107

informed, both of the things that are passed, & of our lamentable
estate & great miserie wherin we now continue in a miserable
place & case, in the lothsome gayle of Newgate, vnder this
heavie iudgement, every day expecting execution.

Herevnto if God shall move your noble hart, right vertuous
Ladie, not for any worldly cause, (which for my present reproch
& basenes, I dare not mention to your honour,) so much as for
the love and cause of (Thrist, which we though [through] the grace
of God professe ; to informe her Maiesty of our intire faith vnto
God, vnsteyned loyaltie to her Highnes, innocencie and good
conscience towards all men; in pardoning our offence and
judgement, or els in removing onr [our] poore worne bodies out
of this miserable gayle, (the horror wherof is not to be spoken
vnto your honour,) to some more honest & meet place, if she
vouchsafe vs longer to live : Your Ladyship doubtlesse shall
herein doe a right Christian and gracious act, acceptable to
God, behoovefull to your soveraigne prince, comfortable to vs
the poor condemned prisoners of Christ ; yea to his whol
afflicted church, and most of all to your own prayse and comfort
in this life, and in the life to come. Herevnto further to exhort
your honor, by the examples of the godly of like condition, in
such times of publick distresses and danger, I hope I need not
so much, as to stirre vp that good gift and grace of God which
is in you, not to neglect or put from you this notable occasion
sent vnto you from God, to shew forth the naturalnes of your
faith vnto him, of your fidelity to your Prince, of your love to
the membei'S of Christ in distresse, whom as you succour or
neglect herein, so assure your self wil Christ in his glorie esteme
it as done or denyed to be done by you to his own sacred

Let not therfore, right dear and elect Ladie, any worldly or
politick impediments or vnlikelyhoods, no fleshly feares diffidence
or delayes, stop or hinder you from speaking to her Maiesty on
our behalf, before she go out of this citie; least we by your
default herein perish in her absence, having no assured stay or
respite of our lives; and our malignant adversaries readie to
watch any occasion for the shedding of our blood, as we by
those two neer and miraculous escapes have found. Onely,

108 Early English Dissenters

good Madame, do your diligent indevour herein, and commit
the successe as we also with you shall, vnto God in our prayers :
which howsoever it fall out, magnified be the blessed name of
God in these our mortall bodies, whether by life or by death.
His mighty hand, that hath hitherto vpholden vs, assist vs to
the finishing vp this last part of our warfare, to the vanquishing
of our last enemie death with all his terrors, and to the
atteyning of that crowne of glorie which is purchased for vs in
the bloud of Christ, layd vp and surely kept for vs in the hand
of God: and not onely for vs, but for all that keep the faith and
commaundements of lesus. Of which number, noble Ladie, I
hear and hope you are, and shal not cease (God willing) whiles
I heer live, to further the same vnto you by my prayers &
vtmost indevours. His grace and blessing, the prayers of the
saincts, and myne vnworthy service be with you. This 4. or 5.
of the 4. moneth [i.e., 4 or 5 April]. 1593.

Your Honors humbly at commaundement during life,
condemned of men but received of God :

Henry Barrowe.




The humble, most earnest, «fe Lamentable Complaint
& Supplication, of the persecuted & proscribed
Church & Servantes of CHRIST, falsely called
Brownists : Vnto the high Court of Parlament./^

he most high God, possessor of Heaven & Earth bringeth
at this present before Yowr Ijordshi])s & Wisdomes
(right Honoroble) his owne cause, his owne people, his
owne sworne & most trecherous Enimies, together wtth
the most shamefull vsage of his truth & servantes that
ever hath been heard of in the dayes of S ions professed
peace & tranquilitie.

His Cause & People he oflfreth vnto yowr consideration &
defence in our profession & persons : his Enimies &
theyr outrage against his truth & servantes, in the
persons & bloody procedinges of y® Prelates of this

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