Charles A. (Charles Augustus) Hanna.

The Scotch-Irish; or, The Scot in North Britain, north Ireland, and North America online

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of money and peace; and one (in some respects) worse than all, with his brother
William's widow, yet outlived them. 4th. He made a great use of the services
of his brethren and nephews as they came upon the stages, as also of some other
very fine gentlemen he kept about him for business (wherein he was most exact
and laborious) , but reserved the bulk of rewards to his latter will (which proved
too late for them) , and thereby obliged them to dependance on him all his life ;
but it was believed he intended liberal rewards for all, especially his brethren and
their families, but his will was either not finished, or suppressed after his death,
I shall not say by whom, only it fell so out, that as he outlived all his brethren,
so his nephews were all abroad at the wars, and inferior servants ruled that part.

312 The Scotch-Irish FamiHes of America

5th. As he was very learned, wise, laborious, noble (especially to strangers and
scholars) , so there is great ground to judge he was truly pious, as he was certainly
well principled. It is true he countenanced the Episcopal course, yea, outwardly,
the persecutions of that time were against the godly (called them puritans) by
the Black Oath, &c.; yet, i. His younger education seasoned him well; 2. He
was observedly a great studier of the Scripture and an enemy to profaneness.
3. He made it his business to bring very learned and pious ministers out of Scot-
land, and planted all the parishes of his estate (which were six) with such; com-
municated with them; maintained them liberally; received even their public
reproofs submissively, and had secret friendly correspondence with the ministers
and others that were persecuted for conscience sake; yea, some hid in his house
when his warrants and constables were abroad looking for them. 4. In manag-
ing of his estate he was careful and wary in giving inheritances or leases above
three lives, and went that length with but very few; he was very saving of his
oak woods (whereof he had great store) expecting greater advantages by them
in after time, and deliberately (for a time), and till it was too late, admitted of
ten thousand pounds debt to continue upon his estate (as he expressed himself
to some) to acquaint his son with the trouble of debt, that he might avoid it, and
find a need of living frugally and regularly. 5. As to the education of his son,
lie was much concerned to make the best of one eye, yet was most fond of him.
He choosed for him a very learned, discreet, and religious master, one Mr. James
Trail, and directed that he should be managed according to his genius, and not
much thwarted or over driven in ye prosecution of learning and other improve-
ments, saying he would not lose the substance for gaining of accidents, and would
xather have no scholar than no son. He judged it most convenient to send him
(with the aforesaid Mr. Trail) to travel some years for his improvement, which
he did the length of Rome, very safely and successfully, and returned with great
improvements in such things whereiinto his genius allowed or agreed unto. 6.
He lived till he settled all his affairs peaceably. His son was married creditably
and comfortably and had some issue; and he had many and very hopeful
nephews and some nieces, of all which he took a loving care and oversight.
He lived to see the war of Ireland, and by his wisdom and power of his
tenants, and the interest he had at Court, was very successful for the preserva-
tion of Ulster from the power of the enemy, as he was very charitable to distress'd
people that came in great numbers from the upper countrys. He was of a robust,
healthfuU body, and managed to the best advantage; died without sickness un-
expectedly ere he finished his will (which he was about) or settlement he then
intended, at least ere it was published, though I am very creditably, I may say
certainly, informed, he pubUshed a Deed Oi Settlement of his estate as to the
succession thereof, many years before he died. He was very honorably in-
tombed in the place he had prepared for himself in the church of Bangor, in which
his whole family is now laid by him.

The second brother, Archibald, married first to then Rachel

Carmichael, daughter to one named by his lands . . . who was of great
account in his time, whose eldest son was Lord Carmichael, and whose family
still flourishes in Scotland. She proved a very virtuous woman, and good mother
to his numerous family, and lived in widowhood all her life thereafter, and died
of a great age ; she bore twenty -two children . . . sons and . . daugh-

ters, whereof six sons came to be men, viz., John, James, Archibald, Gawin, Wil-
liam, and Robert, and his daughter Janet lived to a good age — of those more
particularly afterward. This gentleman was really eminent for wisdom, piety,

The Hamilton Manuscripts 313

dexterity in his calling, and that, by God's blessing upon his honest endeavors,
he purchas'd a good estate, partly in Scotland, and partly in Ireland; lived to a
great age , and died much lamented.

The third brother, Gawin (as has been said), was bred unto and followed
merchandise with great industry and success. He married Helen Dunlop, of a
family then and now in good account in the same parish , whereof Hans was .
and had by her two sons, Archibald, and James, and two daughters, Jane and
Helen — of whom afterwards. He died by water near Colrain, using some means
in a cog boat for guiding out his three ships over the Bar of Colrain. There were
two shipmen with him, whereof one died with him in the overturning of the boat,
and the other was saved by swimming. He died under thirty years of age, and
was creditably buried in the church of Colrain, with great lamentation, partly
on account of the accident, and partly that he was a very obliging and thriving
gentleman, and likely to have been very beneficial to all that place.

The fourth brother, John, married Sarah Brabson, of a creditable family,
and had children by her which came to age, Hans, James, and Francis, sons, and
Mary and Helen, daughters — of whom more in due time. He was a prudent
person, and painfull man; lived to a good age, and died, much lamented and
beloved of all that knew him ; was laid in a vault at the church of Mullaghbrack,
in ye County of Armagh, which he had prepared for himself and family.

The fifth brother, William, married . . . Melvill, daughter of Sir John
Melville, in Isle-a-Kail, and had children by her, James, John, Hans, and William,
Ursula, and . . He was a prudent, industrious, and pious man, very

useful in the country, and to my Lord Claneboy; he died of middle age; had
bui little satisfaction in his wife, but was very patient towards her; was credit-
ably buried, and with great lamentation, at Hollywood, having left his wife and
children a very competent estate, as was formerly noticed.

The sixth brother, Patrick, married one . . . Glenn, daughter of a
gent, of the neighbourhood where he was Minister, viz., Enderwick, a very frugal
wife, but not altogether so prudent as his station and disposition required; and
he had children by her, James, Alexander, Archd., and Elizabeth. He lived
in very good esteem and usefuUness in his Ministry, and among the gentry in
that whole country, and left his family competently provided; died of middle
age, and was buried with great regret at the church where he was Minister.

The things observable of them are — i. That they were all men of very good,
both natural and acquired, parts; of good persons; tempers religiously disposed;
and with great respect with all that were acquainted with them. — 2 . They abounded
in natural affection toward each other and their families, and so became very use-
full and comfortable in the raising and supporting of one another while living,
and carefuU of their families who were dead; especially, my Lord Claneboy acted
the part of a parent toward all his nephews and nieces whilst he lived, though
they were mucfi disappointed in the expectation he himself had raised in them
at or after his death, thro' some accidents partly hinted at, and others not to be
too scrutinously digged up to posterity. 3. My Lord had great credit, comfort,
and strength, by his nephews, in the war that broke out in 1641, whilst they
proved very industrious, and remarkably courageous in that war, which became
very advantageous to his state and credit , having not only the common enemy,
but also some encroaching and invidious neighbours to do with.

314 The Scotch-Irish FamiUes of America




1. My Lord Claneboy being dead, his only son, James, came upon the estate,
having, before his father's death, married one Honble. Lady Anne Carey, daughter
of the Earl of Monmouth, in England, who had bom to him a son, nam'd James,
before his father's death, as afterwards a daughter, nam'd Jane, and two sons,
Henry and Hans. This lady, as she was naturally very handsome, and witty,
so, by education and industry, became a woman extraordinary in knowledge,
virtue, and piety. My Lord was, of necessity, engaged in a war against the Irish,
and was therein very laborious, with a very good measure of both dexterity and
courage, being effectually assisted by many of his kinsmen and tenants, and
much straitened in his estate, whilst a great part of it was wasted by the war,
and the remainder under great burthens, not only by maintaining and quarter-
ing of the army then on foot, but also supporting many of the Protestants that
fled from the upper country. In the year 1648, he judg'd it his duty to join him-
self and his forces (so many as would adhere to him) with the Duke of Ormond,
in the pacification made with the Irish, and in opposition to the Parliament's
army, then in Ireland; in which course the Duke and he, with all their adherent's
were suddenly suppressed by the Parliament's army, and he was necessitated, for
his life and estate, to undergo the fine of ;£9,ooo Stg. to the Commonwealth of Eng-
land; by reason of all which he was necessitated to contract a great deal of debt
upon his estate, and so lived with his family in a much lower . . . than his
father had done in his time. His son James, a very hopeful youth for parts, tem-
per, piety, and other good improvements, died at 15 years of age, and his daughter
in her infancy. His . . . especially by the death of his . . . brought
him low in his disposition of mind comparatively with himself in former times:
he became corpulent, scorbutic, hydropic, and so decayed gradually, 'till at length
he died in June, 1659. He was naturally mild, loving, and just; by his educa-
tion humane, judicious, and complyant with his circumstances, beyond what
would have been expected of one so highly educated, and in expectation of so
great a. fortune. His education and conversation inclined him to be Episcopal;
but he was therein very moderate, and paid a great respect to all good persons,
and was in his practice Presbyterian, and died (in the sense of all good people
about him) very Christianly, and ordered the affairs of his family with great dis-
cretion and respect to the former transactions, whereof afterwards he testified,
both living and dying, great respect to his kinsmen, though it fell out, after his
father's death, that all his servants were strangers, and his relations inconver-
sant in his affairs, greatly to his prejudice, and not a little to theirs. »

2. Of Halcraig's family, the eldest son, John, in his youth was neglected in.
his education, and, falling in friendship with persons above his quality and estate,
spent too liberally; upon which, on a time, some of his near relations (too likely
for their own ends) persuaded and concurred with him to sell his father's pur-
chase in Scotland, and come to Ireland with the remainder of his money, where
he married a gentlewoman named West, daughter to a gent, of good estate in
Isle-a-Kail, by whom he had two daughters, Jane and Rachel; and, being em-
ployed in the war in Ireland, was a captain of horse; after some years died un-
fortunate by water. His natural parts were not contemptible, but not improved

The Hamilton Manuscripts 315

to the best advantage; he was plentifully just, kind, and courageous, and left a
very competent estate in Ireland with his family.

James, the 2nd brother, was bred in his youth to merchandize in Scotland;
but, disliking that employment, came to Ireland, and was very kindly enter-
tained by his uncle, my Lord Claneboy, who had a great esteem of him; kept
him much about himself for a time, and then made him a captain of foot, wherein
he behaved very vigilantly and courageously in all the time of the war of Ireland;
and thereafter married Agnes Kennedy, daughter to Sir . . . Kennedy, of
Colane, inCarick, by whom he had two daughters which came to age, besides
some others which died young. He lived upwards of sixty years, and died at
his own house; was creditably buried, and much lamented. He was naturally
judicious, and sagacious; was diligent in prosecuting his affairs; and, in the whole
course of his time, very sober, and pious, though unfortunate in falling upon some
affairs that occasioned great trouble and expencetohim by lawsuits; nevertheless,
left a competent estate with his wife and children, which survived him.

Archibald, the 3rd brother, being on the road of improvement by learning,
was withdrawn into ye war of Ireland, in which he soon appeared to be extraor-
dinary for strength, courage, and conduct; in a short time he was advanced to
be captain of horse, and was always valued much above his station. He joined
with my Lord in the Association, from the singular respect he bore to him and
others. In a skirmish at Dromore, one of his thigh bones was broken by a shot;
he was taken prisoner, and carried to Lisnagarvy, where he soon after died of
his wounds, being very honourably treated and buried by his enemies, who hon-
oured him highly as a very gallant gentleman. His natural parts were very great;
in a short time he gave proof of great solidity of judgement, courage, strength,
and dexterity; plentiful! of natural affection to all his relations; was a, great
honorer of all worthy and religious persons, and was himself really such. He
regretted much the last steps of his actions, joining in the Association, as being
therein a slave to that which is counted honor, but a rebel to his conscience, and
the public good of the nation. At his death he evidenced great magnanimity,
patience, and true Christian submission, with faith in God, through Jesus Christ.
He was greatly lamented by all good people, especially his near relations, and
greatly honoured of all that knew or heard of him.

Gawin, the 4th, and William, the 5th, brothers, being yet alive, I shall only
now say of them, as their education guided them to be of different employments,
the first in the way of soldiery, the last in the practical part of the law, especially
in and of Scotland, it will be generally allowed that they deserve a creditable
esteem of all wise and honest men. All I shall now say of them is, they have
shewn great integrity to their profess'd principles, both by doing and suffering,
without tergiversation, or complying with contrary courses, tho' sometimes under
great temptations, to the great destruction of profits and honours they might have
had. As it hath fallen out, in the course of their time, and way of their business,
that they have been conversant in affairs with all ranks of persons, from the high-
est to the lowest, and many in all ranks, for these many years by . . and
in matters of great moment, I never heard they gave cause of offence or com-
plaint to any at any time, but that they were generally and deservedly in good
esteem with all, as well for their integrity as abilities, which are certainly not
contemptible. Let him and other witness testify what shall fall out hereafter.

Robert, the 6th brother (now dead) , had a disadvantage of being confined
into attendance upon his aged mother and her affairs, and so fell under educa-
tion much below his parts and spirit. Tho' thus obscured and injured, he was

3i6 The Scotch-Irish Families of America

chosen and fit (and after trial so found) for managing the late Earl Henry's estate
and country affairs, to the great satisfaction of all he was concerned with. He
married a near kinswoman of the late Countess Clanbrassill, . . Meredith,

daughter to Sir . Meredith, who, as she was well descended and edu-

cated, proved a very discreet and pious woman. He died without issue, leaving
behind him a very good name for wisdom and piety; was looked upon, by all that
knew him, as eminent for natural parts, good morality, and true friendship, if
education and opportunity had given him advantages for greater improvements.

3. Of Gawin's family, was first, Archibald, who, soon after his father's death,
was taken by my Lord Claneboy under his particular inspection; and, being
found of very good parts and disposition for learning, was kept at schools and
colleges until he had imbibed all the ordinary parts of learning, and fotmd to have
made a very good proficiency in all. His inclinations were found to be to the study
of the Ministry; but, after some tryals made, upon more mature deliberation,
he was bred to the law, at the Inns of Court, where he made very great proficiency,
After a while, my Lord Claneboy, now become aged and less capable to stir abroad,
employed him in attendance upon his affairs at Court in England, and some law-
suits he had then . . . , wherein for a time he proved very successful and
acceptable to my Lord, and in very good esteem with persons of the best stamp
and quality in and about the City of London. At this time, he married a gentle-
woman that fell through domestic society into his acquaintance, unequal to his
then visible station, and what was expected of him, but concealed it as much as
he could, especially from his friends, least perhaps my Lord should come to know
of it, and be displeased with it. By her he had two sons, who soon died. This
being noised abroad, came at last to my Lord's ears, and was highly offensive
to him, insomuch that he withdrew his countenance and employment from him,
and so left him under hard circumstances, which being known, he soon was low-
ered in his esteem and acceptance at the Court and elsewhere; and, after some
time, he came to Ireland, and was again employed by Earl James about his fam-
ily, with small encouragements from himself, and no great respect from his other
friends and acquaintances in the country. He died, in the year '62, not much
lamented, yet with regret of his more ingenuous and candid friends, that his lat-
ter end should have been so dissonant and unsuitable to his beginnings. He
was of very excellent natural parts, and good temper, but vitiate with too much
Court air, and overladened with the contempt and poverty he fell under by his
own indiscreet management, tho' it was whispered by some, that my Lord dealt
severely with him, and upon design (having opportunity) , lest he should bring
my Lord to an account of his intermission with that part of his father's estate
that was in Ireland, which indeed was never inquired into, nor could be, consider-
ing the great interval of time, and that this man could only call him to question.

The other brother was James, whose youthfull education was committed
and faithfully performed by his uncle Archd., of Halcraig, in Scotland, 'till he
had passed through all the parts of learning usually taught in schools and colleges
in that kingdom, with great approbation. Soon after, my Lord Claneboy com-
manded his attendance upon him, with the design to apply him to the care of his
secular affairs, the which he underwent for a, time with all diligence, patience,
fidelity, and acceptance with my Lord, and all the tenants of the estate, the rents
whereof he received and disposed by my Lord's directions, tho' stUl his disposi-
tion and private diligences moved toward the Ministry, which he so carefully
concealed, and prudently, that my Lord and his good Lady were never 'ware of
it till they saw and heard him preach in the pulpit in Bangor. My Lady was

The Hamilton Manuscripts 317

pleased to compliment him thus: — "James, I think your gown and pulpit become
you very well; I will bestow the gown, and my Lord (if he will be advised by me)
shall bestow the pulpit," — both which were soon performed by his settlement
in the parish of Ballywalter. My Lord seemed angry, and chid him that he con-
cealed his purpose so much from him, and so made him guilty of giving him so
great diversion, who otherwise was disposed to nourish his pious purpose. He
married a gentlewoman, Elizabeth Watson, daughter of Mr. David Watson, Min-
ister of Killeavy, near Newry, who was placed with the noble Lady Claneboy
for her improvement's sake. He had by her 15 children, tho' none came to ma-
turity, but one son (Archd.), and three daughters, Jane, Mary, and Elizabeth.
He was continued in that station ten years, until, by the rigiditys of my Lord
Wentworth, and the then Bishop of Derry (Bramhall) , new terms of Church Com-
munion, to be sworn to, were imposed upon the whole Church of Ireland, where-
unto he could not submit, and upon the account whereof he sustained a public
dispute with the then Bishop of Down, Henry Lesly, before several noblemen,
many gentlemen, and the whole clergy of the diocese, with many others from
both town and country. To this dispute came Bishop Bramhall, whose courage
was evidently superciKous and imperious. The Bishop himself, who disputed,
behaved moderately, ingeniously, and discreetly; the opinion of the matter and
discourse was various, according to the several inclinations and dispositions or
interests of the hearers — the common product of all such public reasoning. The
conclusion was, that he, with many other Ministers of his persuasion, were de-
posed from their several offices and benefices, and thereafter severally pursued
and sought to be apprehended by pursuivants, but none of them were taken.
Under these circumstances, he, with his family, was necessitated to go to Scot-
land, where he was disposed of to a great congregation and maintainance, at
the town of Drimefrice, in Niddsdail, where he continued Minister other ten years.
In this time, being appointed by the General Assembly of Scotland, to make a
visit to the Northern parts of Ireland, for three months, he was taken prisoner
by a party belonging to Sir Alex. M'Donnell, of the west Highlands of Scotland,
and kept prisoner in a Castle there, Migreor Migime, under extraordinary wants
and necessities for a year, before he could be relieved, and then was, by the Gen-
eral Assembly of Scotland, transported unto Edinborough, where he continued
fifteen years.

In this time he was appointed by the General Assembly one of his Majesty's
chaplains, and in this attendance was taken prisoner (as many of the nobility,
army, gentry, and ministry) at Eliot, in Angus, by a party sent by General Monk
immediately after his taking of Dundee; thence, he, with several others, as afore-
said, were sent to the Tower of London, where he was kept two years by Oliver
Cromwell, and thence dismissed by him for no other reason, apology, or address,
but that he found himself imder great obloquy by all good people in Scotland
and England, and that he found himself so settled in Scotland that there was little
hazard of the raising any army power there to his prejudice.

In this time (toward the close) all the other Presbyterian Ministers, who
adhered to their principles throughout the whole kingdom, were expulsed from
their places of abode, and discharged all exercises of their ministry, whereupon
he withdrew from Edinburgh, and lived privately at Innerisk; yet it so fell out,
that, on the account of having the better assistance of physicians for his health,
he repaired for a time into Edinborough, where he died the loth of March, 1666.

I shall not insist on his character, only as it is evident he was, in providence,
from his infancy to his grave, exposed to many afflictions and temptations, so

3i8 The Scotch-Irish Families of America

he was helped to carry with great steadfastness, wisdom, and patience — yea,
cheerfulness. He was naturally of an excellent temperament, both of body and
mind; always industrious, and facetious in all the several provinces or scenes of
his life; he was delightful to his friends and acquaintances — yea, beloved of his
enemies. Much might be say'd of his boldness for truth, and tenaciousness in

Online LibraryCharles A. (Charles Augustus) HannaThe Scotch-Irish; or, The Scot in North Britain, north Ireland, and North America → online text (page 45 of 85)