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Charles Alfred Browne.

An introduction to the geography and history of India, and the countries adjacent; online

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mine the distances of places on the earth, the distances of celes-
tial bodies, their altitudes, &c. and the lower divisions are used
for finding the beginning, end, and duration of twilights.



RANGE, commonly applied to a long continuation of mountains,

as the range of Taurus or of Caucasus.
REPUBLIC, from the two Latin words res, affairs, and publica^

public, and is a state in which the exercise of the supreme

power is lodged in representatives elected by the people of

such a government is Switzerland.
RIDGE, applied to a continuation of hills, as the Ridge of Carmel.

RIVER, from the French riviere, or from the Latin rivus see

page 4.
RIVULET, derived from the Latin rivulus, and signifies a small

stream. It is the diminutive of river.
ROADS, derived from a Saxon word rade, signifying to ride. It

signifies a place where ships may ride at anchor, as the roads of

Madras. It is sometimes called also roadstead, i. e. a place for

riding, meaning at anchor.
ROCK, derived from the French roc, or roche, and primarilv

signifies something rendered rough by constant breaking. It

however usually signifies a large mass of stony matter.



SATELLITES, from the Latin satelles, one who guards or defends
a person, also an attendant. They are secondary planets, or
moons, revolving round the larger, planets.

SEA, primarily signifies a repository or basin see page 3.



SHINGLE, derived from the Greek ff^iv^a^mo^ schindalmos, a
piece of cleft-wood, signifies in its primary sense thin planks
Ll



398 GLOSSARY.

sawed off, but is sometimes used to signify round gravel, or

roundish stones.
SHORE and BEACH, the former of these words which is of Saxon

origin, signifies the coast or land adjacent to (i. e. lying near)

the ocean or sea, or on the border of any lake, &c. The latter

of these words is derived from the Russian bok, a coast, and

signifies the same as shore.
SIDEREAL, from the Latin sidereus, belonging to a star, signifies

any thing relating to the stars.

SOLAR, from the Latin sol, the sun, and signifies any thing re-
lating or belonging to the sun, as the Solar system.
SOLSTICE, from the Latin sol, the sun, and sto, to stand. It is

that point in the Ecliptic at which the sun ceases to recede (i. e.

go back) from the equator, either north in summer, or south in

winter. These two are therefore called the solstitial points, the

one the summer solstice, the other the winter solstice.
SOUND, signifies a narrow passage of water, or a strait between

the mainland and an isle, or a strait connecting two seas.
SPHERICAL see pages 4 and 5.
STATE, from the Latin sto, to stand, and signifies much the game

as kingdom.
STRAITS see page 3 also applied to a narrow passage between

two mountains, as for instance the Straits of Thermopylae.
SUBURBS, derived from the Latin sub, under, and urbs, a city,

and signifies those parts which lie without the walls and in the

vicinity of the city.
SURF, derived from the French sur, upon, and signifies the swell

of the sea which breaks on the shore, or it may be on sand-banks

and rocks.

T

TABLE LAND, from the two English words table and land, and
signifies elevated flat land, as the table land between the ghauts.

TANK, is of Japanese origin, a large basin or cistern, a reservoir
of water.

TEMPERATE, derived from the Latin word tempera, to be mode-
rate see page 9.

TERRESTRIAL, derived from the Latin terra, the earth, sig-
nifies any thing belonging to the earth.

TERRITORY, from the Latin terra, the earth, and is the extent
of land within the bounds, or under the jurisdiction of any state
or city, or sometimes it signifies the land belonging to a kingdom,
but lying at a distance from its parent country.

TORRID see page 9.

TOWN, originally signifies a walled or fortified place. In England
it properly means any collection of houses larger than a village,
and having a market place.

TROPIC, from the Greek word rpOTTtj, trope, a turning. The
tropics are two circles parallel to the equator, at the distance of
23 28' from it. The northern is called the Tropic of Cancer, and
the southern the Tropic of Capricorn, forming the limits or
Boundaries of the Torrid Zone.



GLOSSARY. 399



VALE", derived from the same root as valley, and has also the
same signification, but the difference between them is this, vale
is used in poetry, valley in prose and common discourse.

VALLEY, derived from the Latin word vallis, and signifies a hol-
low or low tract of land between mountains and hills. It is
however sometimes applied to low lands watered by rivers, and
enclosed by no mountains, as the valley of Connecticut.

VERTICAL, derived from the Latin vertex, point or summit, and
is applied to any thing placed on the zenith or perpendicularly
over our heads. Thus we speak of the sun's being vertical,
when it is directly over our heads.

VILLAGE, derived from the Latin word villa, and signifies a
small assemblage of houses, and inhabited chiefly by farmer*
and other labouring men. In England it is distinguished from a
hamlet, as having a church in it.

VOLCANO this word is generally supposed to be of Italian origin,
viz. from Vulcan, a heathen deity. It signifies an opening in the
surface of the earth, or more generally in a mountain, from which
smoke, flames, stones and such like substances are ejected, (or
thrown out) as Hecla, Etna, Vesuvius, &c.

w '

WILDERNESS, signifies a tract of land or region uncultivated
and uninhabited by human beings, whether a forest or a wild
barren plain.

WOOD, signifies a large and thick collection of trees.

WORLD see page 1.



ZENITH, is a point in the heavens exactly over our heads.

ZODIAC, derived from the Greek a>$/ocxo? zodiacos, belonging
to animals. It is so called because the signs of the zodiac are
chiefly represented by the figures of animals. The Zodiac is an
imaginary ring or broad circle in the heavens, in the form of a belt,
or girdle, within which all the planets make their revolutions.

ZONE, derived from the Greek favri zone, literally signifies a
girdle, and is applied to a portion of the surface of the earth con-
tained between two small circles parallel to the equator, and is
synonymous to climate. There are only 5 zones see page 9.



400



GLOSSARY.



GLOSSARY, No. XX.

EXPLANATIONS OF HINDOOSTANEE AND OTHER
WORDS IN COMMON USE.



NOTE. The words as usually written in English are entered in

the first column, and according to their correct pronunciation in
the second. The vowels to be pronounced as in the words
below :

a e ee i o oo u ou y medial ye final.
mast nay keel kill cole boot but out tyke bye

The* third column of letters denotes the language to which
the words belong A meaning Arabic H Hindee M Malay
P Persian Po Portuguese S Sanscrit T Tamil Te Teloogoo.
The fourth column gives the signification of the words.



Adawlet

Ameer
Ameen
Amildar
Anna

Annicut
Avatar



udalut

umeer
umeen
amildar
ana



A
A
A
H



unnye-kuttoo T
uvutara or ) ^
on tar (



justice, equity a court of jus-
tice, civil or criminal.

nobleman, lord.

guardian, arbitrator.

collector, ruler.

a silver coin, the sixteenth part
of a rupee.

dam.

incarnation.



Baboo baboo H equivalent to esquire.

Bajree bajra H name of a grain.

Bang bung P I hemp, an intoxicating mixture

bhung S j made from the leaves of hemp.

Bangy buhungee S a stick carried over the shoulder,

with slings at both ends for

burdens.

Banyan bunya S shopkeeper, merchant.

Batta butta H exchange, allowance to troops

in the field.
Bazar bazar P market.



GLOSSARY.



401



Beastie

Beebee
Begum

Bismillah
Brinjarry
Bungalow



bihishtee

beebee
begum

bismillah
birunjaree

bungla



Byraggy byragee



P water carrier, (who carries water
in a skin.)

H lady.

P Mahomedan princess, or lady of
rank.

A in the name of God.

P carriers of rice.

H a house, properly a thatched cot-
tage.

H a Hindoo ascetic, so called as
having renounced the world.



Caliph


khuleef


A


Canoongoe


kanoon-go


P


Carcoon


kar-koon


P


Cawny


kani


T


Cazee


kazee


A


Chenna


chenna


H


Chickledar


sykul-gur


P


Chokeydar


choukee-dar


P


Choultry


chavuri, or !


S




chavudi j


Te


Chout


chout'h


S


Chunam


choona


H


Circar


sirkar


P


Compound


campao, or


Po




campong


M


Conicopilly


kunukkoo-






pillye


T


Cooly


kooli "


T


Corge


kodi


T


Cossid


kasid


A


Coss


kos


S


Crore


kror


S


Cumbly


k um lee


H


Curnuin


kurnum


S


Cusbu


kusbu


A


Cutcherry


kuch' huree


H


Cutwal


kotwal


P



vicegerent, successor, title of the
first successors of Mahomed.

interpreter of regulations, name
of a district officer.

the register of the collections
under a zemindar.

a ground measure, equal to about
1 acre.

Mahomedan judge.

name of a grain.

polisher.

a watchman.

a hall or other building for pub-
lic purposes, as for travellers,
for police, &c.

the fourth name of the tribute
formerly levied by the Mah-
rattas.

lime.

the government, district, super-
intendent.

> an enclosure.

accountant.

hire, used by Europeans for la-
bourer, porter.

a score ( Portuguese, corja.)

courier.

a measure, averaging two miles.

ten millions.

a blanket.

village accountant.

a small town.

town hall, court.

chief officer of the police in a
town.

Ll*



402



GLOSSARY.



Dacoit dakayut H an attack made by robbers.

Darogah daroghu P director, inspector, head-man.

Dawk dak H post, for letters or bearers.

JDessaye desaee S ruler, landlord.

Dewan dee wan P minister, steward.

Doab dooab P any tract of country between two

rivers.
Dobash dobhasha S interpreter, (lit. two languages)

used commonly for an agent or

head servant.
Dooly doolee S a light description of palankeen

made of canvas.

Duffadar dufa-dar P a rank equivalent to lieutenant.

Durbar durbar P court, hall of audience,

Durgah durgah P court, mosque connected with a

tomb.



Eedgah



eedgah



P place for the celebration of a
festival.



Fakeer fukeer A a Mahomedan devotee, literally

a beggar.
Foujdar foujdar P the military governor of a town

or district.



Ganja ganja S hemp, an intoxicating mixture

used for smoking and drinking.

Ghee ghee S clarified butter.

Ghurry ghuree P S an Indian hour 24 minutes.

Gobrum gobrum S the porch tower of a pagoda, a

gate.

Godown gidung M warehouse, store-room.

Gola gola H granary.

Gomasta goomashtu P agent.

Gooroo gooroo S spiritual guide. (Hindoo.)

Gosaiii goosaeen S holy person ; applied to a parti-

cular sect of Hindoo devotees
who never marry.

Guddee guddee S seat, throne.

Guicowar gaikowar S cow-herd, title of the chief of

Guzerat.

H

Hackery hankre H native bullock carriage.

Hakeem hukeem A physician.

Hakim hakim A ruler.



GLOSSARY.



403



Haram


hurum A


Havildar


huwal-dar P


Hijra


hijrut A




hijree A


Hircarrah


hurkaru P


Jaghire


jae-geer P


Jaghiredar


jae-geer-dar P


Jattra


jatra S


Jemidar


juma-dar P


Jheel


jheel H


Jogee


jogee, yo-gee S


Jumma


jooraa mus-1 A


musjid


JM

jamiu mus- [




jid


Jurree putka


zuree putka H


Khan


khan P


Khas


khas A


Khelaut


khilat A


Khootba


khootbu A


Killadar


kiladar P


Kist


kist A


Kohistan


koh-istan P


Lack


lak'h S


Lascar


lushkuree P



Lubbie



lubbee



Mahabharat muha-bha-
rut

Malgoozar malgoozar

jVJamool mamool

Mantra muntur

Maund mun

Meerassy meerasee



women's apartments.

equivalent to serjeant.

flight ; the flight of Mahomed
from Mecca, from which the
Mahomedan era commences.

adjective of above.

courier.



land granted in the way of pension,

a holder of land as above.

festival.

equivalent to lieutenant.

a lake.

Hindoo devotee.

the Friday mosque, or the as-
sembly mosque ; that is the
principal mosque at which the
Mahomedans assemble on the
Friday.

golden girdle, an ensign of au-
thority amongst the Mahrattas.

EL

prince, a title similar to that of

lord.

noble, private,
a robe of honour,
the oration at the mosque after

prayers on Fridays,
commandant of a fort,
tax.
hill district, highlands.



hundred thousand.

literally, an army man^ applied

in India to men employed with

camp equipage, ordnance, and

stores,
descendants of Arab settlers on

the Coromandel coast.

ME

\ S name of a Hindoo epic poem,
describing the wars of the
I descendants of Bharut.

P landholder, tenant.

A custom, usage.

S charm, spell.

A name of a weight.

A hereditary.



404



GLOSSARY.



Meerassadars


meeras-dar


P


Minar


minar


A


Mirza
Mofussii


mirza, or )
meerza j
moofussul


A


Moochy


moochee


H


Moollah


moolla


A


Moonshee


moonshee


A


Moulavy

Munsif


mouluvee
moonsif


A
A


Mufti


mooftee


A


Musjid
Musnud


musjid
musnud


A
A


Nabob


nuwwab


A


Nackodah


nakhooda


P


Naick


naik


S


Nizam


nizam


A


Nulla


nala


H


Nunja


nun j ye


T


Paddv


unknown




Padshah
Pagoda


padshah
unknown


P


Palankeen
Parch erry
Pariah


palkee
puriyur-cheri
puraya


11
T

S


Pattemar






Peer


peer


P


Peon


peewun


S


Pergunnah
Per wan ah
Peshcush
Peshwa


purgunu
purwanu
pesh-kush
peshwa


p

p
p
p



Pice



pysa



H



heritors,
turret, minaret.

prince, also secretary.

the country, in opposition to

town.
saddler, applied to a bookbinder

or other who works in leather,
learned man, answering to the

wordy DOCTOR.
secretary, commonly used for a

teacher of languages.
see moolla.
judge,
one whose office is to pronounce

decrees.

mosque, lit. place of adoration.
throne.

N

governor of a district, deputy,
captain of a ship.
a chief, also used to designate
a rank equivalent to corporal,
administrator, governor,
streamlet, watercourse,
dry cultivation.



rice in the husk.

king.

a Hindoo idol temple, also name

of a coin.

originally , litter or sedan,
a Pariah village,
stranger, used to designate out-
casts,
small Native coasting vessels on

the Malabar Coast,
saint, spiritual guide (Maho-

medan.)
footman, used for foot-police or

irregular foot-soldiers,
a subdivision of a zilla.
pass, permit, warrant,
tribute, present,
leader, foreman, (a Mahratta

title originally applied to the

prime minister.)
a small copper coin, one-twelfth

part of an anna,



GLOSSARY.



405



Pindar ry
Pollain


pindara ")
(plural, V S
pindare) j
paliyum T


Polygar
Poonja
Potail
Puckally


paliyukarun T
poonjye T
putel S
pukhalee P S


Punchayet


punchayut S


Pundit
Putta
Put wary
Pyke


pundit S
putta S
putwaree H
pyk S


Rajah
Rahdary
Ram ay urn


:

raja S
rah-daree P
Ramayunum S


Rana


rana $


Ranee


ranee S


Rao


rao H


Razinamah


razee-namu P


Rowanah


ruwanu P


Rupee


roopye P


Rutt


rut'h S


Ryot


rueeyut A


Ryotwarry


rueevut-wa-
ree II


Sahib


i
sahib A


Sanyogy


sunyogee or
sunjogee S


S any assy
Saver


sunyasee S
sair A


Seaconny
Sebundy
Seer


sookkanee P
sibundee P
seer S


Sepoy
Serishtadar


sipahee P
sur-rishtu-dar P



Shastras



shastru



plunderer.

district of a feudal chieftain,
camp.

chief of a pollam.

wet cultivation.

chief, head-man of a village.

water-man (the water being car-
ried in a PUK'HAL, or large
leather bag, on a bullock.)

court of arbitrators (from its
consisting of five members.)

learned, title of a Brahmin lawyer.

title deed of land.

land steward.

footman, irregular foot soldiers,
courier.



Hindoo prince or king.

collection of duties (on roads.)

an epic poem describing the ex-
ploits of Rama.

Hindoo prince or king.

Hindoo queen or princess.

Hindoo prince.

acknowledgment of settlement.

passport, permit.

a silver coin whose value is about
two shillings.

car, chariot.

tenant (of land,) subject.

revenue collection by direct set-
tlement with the tenants.



master, sir, lord.

a Hindoo devotee, who does not

give up his family.
Hindoo devotee,
tax on personal property,
helmsman, (sookkan, helm.)
militia soldier,
name of a weight or measure,

usually about 2 Ibs.
soldier.
(office-holder,) title of a revenue

officer.
Hindoo sacred books and laws.



406



GLOSSARY.



Shastrv


shastree


3


an expounder of the Hindoo laws.


Sheikh


shekh


A


chief, e]der, a title assumed by








descendants of Mahomed.


Shiah


sheea


A


a follower of the sect of Ali,








heretic.


Shroff


surraf


A


money-changer, banker.


Sirdar


sirdar


P


chief, commander.


Soobah


soobu


A


province, governor of a province.


Soonnee


soonnee


A


lawful, applied to the sect of








Mahomedanswho acknowledge








the four successors of Mahom-








ed, in opposition to the Shiahs,








who reject three and acknow-








ledge only Ali.


Soukar


sahoo-kar


S


merchant (of the first rank.)


Sowar


suwar


P


horseman.


Subahdar


soobu-dar


P


governor of a province, also a








rank in the Native army.


Sudder


sudur


A


chief, supreme.


Sultan


sooltan


A


monarch.


Sungum


sungum


S


conflux.


Sunnud


sunud


A


deed, document bearing a magis-








trate's seal.


Suttee


sutee


S


chaste, virtuous, a woman who








burns with her husband's body.


Syrang


surhung


P


captain, overseer.


Syed


sy-yud


A


lord, prince, a title assumed by








relations of Mahomed.








T


Tahsildar


tuhseel-dar


P


collector, tax-gatherer.


Talook


talook


A


a manor, division of land.


Tanadar


thana-dar


S P station-man, police officer.


Tanna


^hana


H


the head place of a district, a








watch-house.


Tappal


tuppal


II


post, for letters or bearers.


Thakoor


t'hakoor


S


lord, chief.


Thug


Thug


H


robber, cheat.


Topass


topee (hat)


H


name given to Native Portuguese
sepoys, from their wearing hats.


Tusser


tusur


S


silk of the wild silk-worm.








V


Vakeel


wukeel


A


ambassador, agent.


Vizier


wuzeer


A


minister of state.








TT


Yug


joog, or yoog-








um


S


a period, an age.








2.


Zemindar


zumeen-dar


P


landholder.


Xiilah


zila


A


district.



GLOSSARY.



407



GLOSSARY, No. XXX.



TERMINATIONS OF NAMES OF PLACES.



N. B. The first column gives the termination as used in English
the second gives the proper termination in the original languages
the third column of letters points out the language to which they
belong, as in the former glossary the fourth the meaning of the
terminations and the fifth gives examples.



Abad abad P abode, town Hyderabad.

Ar aroo T river Pal-ar, Pan-ar.

Ab ab P water, river Doo-ab, Punj-ab.



Vaniambaddy.

Malabar, Mulya-var.
Hazribaugh, Hazreelagh.

Cauveripauk.

Beerbhoom, Singhboom.
Muchleebundur (Masuli-
patam.)

Sunderbunds.



Pondicherry, Poodoo-cheri.

PermacoiL

Gurrumcondah.

Seeta-koond, the spring of

Seeta.

( Palamcottah, Palyum-kot-
J tye.

Poodoocottah, Poodoo-koi-
tye.









B


Baddy
Barry


r padi


T


village


Bar
Var


> var


S


region


Baug


bagh


P


garden


Baukum
Van k um
Paukum


|- pakkum


T


village


Bhoom


bhoom


S


land


Bunder


bundur


P


sea-port


Bund


bund


P


embank- ^








ment |








C


Cherry


cheri


T


village,








town J


Coil


kovil


T


temple


Con da
Condhh


> konda


Te


a hill


Coond


i






Koond


> koond


S


spring


Khoond


}






Cottah, or J
Kota f kotha


Hi


L


Kote
Cote


f kottye


T:j





408


GLOSSARY.


Coopam


koop-
pum


i


T


village


Ariancoopam.


Courchy


koorsee




P


seat


Pandalamcourchy, Pumd-












lum-koorsee.


Cullum


koollum


T


tank


Periacullum, Peria-kool-












lum.


Cund


k'hund




S


country,
district


| Rohilcund ^ the country












) hillas.
Bundelcund J the country












Bundul- > oftheBoon-












khund j delas.










D




Dar
Dur


) d'har,
1 dhur


i


S


a house, city


Deodar, Deo-d^hur.


Doon


doon




S


valley


Deyradoon.


Droog


doorg




S


a hill fort


Nundydroog, Nundi-doorg.


Dwar
Dwara


1 d'hwar }
j d'hwara j


-S


gate, en- I
trance J


Hurdwar, Huri-dhwar.










G




Gaum
Gong


> gaon




S


town or 1
village }


Mulligaum, Matt-gaon.


Ghaut


ghat




H


pass or ford


Ram-ghaut, Pal-ghaut.




bala


1


PH


C above the




ghat


)




t passes.




5?


paeen
ghat or
tulghat


\


PH


J below the
( passes.




Gire
Gherry


j-giri




S


hill,moun- 1


Neilgherries, Neela-giri*


Gola


gola




H


granary




Gul or kul


, kul




T


rock,rocky \
hill ;


Dindigul.


Gunge


gunj




PS


market, >
granary 3


Saibgunge, SaMb-gunj.


Gunga


gunga




S


river


Wynegunga, Ramgunga.


Gurry
Gherry


j- gurhee




H


fortress


Kistnagherry,Jirri5^na-^Mr-
hee.


Gur
Ghur


jgurh




HS


f fort, >
\ castle 5


Futtighur, Futih-gurh,










H




Haut


hat




S


market


Jorhat.










I




Istan


. istan or
stan


}


P


land, place


Hindoostan, Hindoo-stall)
the land of Hindoos.



GLOSSARY.



409



Kera
Kerry


'<


k'hera


H


village




Arsikera.


Maha




muha




great




Mahanuddy, Muha-nudee.


Mahal
Mai


i


muhul


A


J district,
\ quarter


i


Baramahal, Baruk~muhui 9
the twelve districts.


Malee
Mally


> mulye


T


( mount


(


Trinomalee, Tiroonamul-

ye.


Mandel




mundu- "\ S
lum 1
mundu- (
1" )


orb, re- %
gion, cir- j-
cuit


Coromandel, Chola-mun~
dulu.


Manga-
lum


\


mungu-
lum


> place


i


Satimangalum, Suttimung-
lum.


Mere




meer




region,
district


!


A j mere, Cashmere.


Nagore
Kagur
Kaghur
Nugger
Nagram


I nuggur
}-nug-
| rum


).


V
city


1


Chandernagore, Chundur-
nuygnr.
Vizianagram, Vijuyu-nug-
rum.


Naud


I


nad


S


district




Ramnad.


Naut




nath


S


master, 1




Jaggernaut, (Jugga-nath,










lord f




lord of the world.)


Nuddy




nudee


S


river




Mahanuddy, Muha, great,














nudee, river.

















Ore




oor


T


country




Bangalore, Bungulvor.










P






Patam
Patnam


{


puttun


!:


city


(


Seringapatam, Sree-runga-
puttun.


Pauk
Paukum




pakkmi




village




Caverypauk.


Pet

Pettah


1-


pent'h


H


suburb




Chinglepet.


Put


j












PoHain




paliyum T


district un- 1



der a feu- \- the Chittoor Poilams.
dal



410 GLOSSARY,

Poondy poondi T village Goomarapoondy.

Pore ^
Pooree j poor-

Poora <"poOTee ^" S town Shikarpore, Shikar-poor.



Pura, pu- j
ram J J

P*avaa [ P ru >' a S u S confluence)
of any two f



of any two f T,
sacred rivl Pra ? a 6 a -
ers )



Serai surae P choultry M.ogM\seT<ii,Mooghul-surae.

Shire shuhur P eity Anoopshire, Unoop-shuhur.



IN BEX.



In using- this Index it should be borne in mind how
very differently the same words are often spelled in
various books and maps; and therefore, if a word is not
found under one spelling, it should be looked for under
another. The following instances will give some idea
of the variety of spelling, and be some guide to the
student in using an index or gazetteer. The letters
a and u, c and k, oo and u, o and u, s and z,
e and a, ee arid y, e and i, ei and ee, c and g, n
and rig, oor and ore, i and y, ei and y, u and w, are
frequently used the one for the other, with many other
variations. Thus, Umritsir is also spelled Amritzir Cabul,
Kabool, or Kabul Gondwana, Gundwana Selem, Sa-
lem Goomtee, Goomty Penang, Pinang Bassein, Bas-
seen Singapore, Sincapore Nankin, Nanking Velloor,
Vellore Hyderabad, Heiderabad Kuch, Kutch Gualior,
Gwalior Monghir, Monghyr Guzerat, Gujerat, or Gooj-
rat Nepal, NepauL The letter h is frequently left out
or added as Bootan, Bhootan Mooghul, Mogul Cud-
dapah, Cuddapa.



Page.

119,121

. 221

254

. 48

76

. 298

. 88

. 91

. 227

376, 377

. 79

2,10, 11

. 338

239

198, 204

352


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