Charles E. (Charles Edward) Crowell.

Partial genealogy of the Popham family online

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( 'ounst lor-at-Law,
Atlantic Highlands, New Jehskv

1 opyrigiit, i8r>s.
i MAS. K. CKOVV Kl.i..

To the meinorv of niv

* •

beloved wife,

Hattie S. Popiiam.

Eldest daughter of the late

Win. H. Popham and Sarah II. Popham,

nee Spencer.

Who died February 16th, 1893.


Buried at Sleepy Hollow Cemetery.

Tarrytown, N. V.. by her husband,

Charles K. Crowell.



^Zc^^L — /*


The Popiiams, from all accounts and circum-
stances, must have been originally a Norman
French family; the name is spelled

dePophame, dePopham, Popeiiam, and Popham.

As far as I have found any authentic evidence,
the Popham family were from Popham, in the
County of Hants, Hampshire, England, and
sprung from Gilbert-de-Popham, of Popham,
who in the year A. I). 1200, married Jank, daugh-
ter and heiress of Robert Clarke, a foefee in
trust for the Manor of Popham. They were
greatly distinguished by the favor of Empress
Maud, A. I>. 1140, and held high and honorable
stations in the reign of Henry 111. To Hamp-
shire County they gave several Sheriffs, viz. :
Robertus de Popham, 1-227: Stephanps de Pop-
ham, 1428.

Sir Hugh Popham, of Huntworth, County of
Somerset, second son of Robertus i>k Popham,
married Ivan Lady Trivet, daughter and heiress
of Sir Stephen de Kentisbury, Knight.

Stephanus de Popham or Stephen Popham,
Knight, in the time of King John, left four
daughters, his co-heirs, viz. :

Margery, who married Thomas Hampden, Esq.
Eleanor, who married John Barentine, Esq.
Elizabeth, who married John Wadham, Esq.
Alice, who married Humphrey Poster, Esq.

Fifth in descent from Gilbertus de Popham or
Gilbert Popham, was

Alexander Porn wi.who married .Tank, daugh-
ter of Sir Edward Stradling, <>f 8£. Donat's
Castle, Glamorganshire, :in<l had the following

issue :

Edward Popham.

Katharine M. Popham, who married William
Poolk, of Shute. 1I<- died August 24th, 1587
Katharine died November 9th, 1588.

John Popham, afterwards Sn: John Popham,
Chief Justice of the King's Bench, bora :it Hunts-
worth, Somersetshire, 1531, and died June 10th,
1607, owner of the Littlecote estates.

Edward Popham. first sou of Alexander and
brother of Sin Jonx, married
nnd had the following issue:

Captain George Popham the founder of the
first settlement in New England.

PeRDINando Popham.

JOHN POPHAM afterwards
Sir John Popham Chief Justice.

According to one account John Popham was in
his youth a man of robust frame. It is said thai
he was a stout and skilful man at sword and
buckler, and was wild in his recreations. He was
educated at Balliol College, Oxford. Entered the
Middle-Temple, London, and became reader in
1668 and Treasurer twelve years later. He repre-
sented the City of Bristol in the third and fourth
Parliaments of Queen Elizabeth, and was created
jury-councillor in 1571. On January 28th, 1578-9
he was specially called to degree of Coif, and the
same year bi'ca iic Solicitor-General. Siit Robert
Bell dying he was elected Speaker of the House.

On June 1st, 1581, he became Attorney-General and
held that office for eleven years. He succeeded
Sib Christopher Wray as Lord Chief Justice of
King's Bench June 2d, 1592, and was Knighted;
he presided fifteen years.

After the accession of James I, King of England,
he presided at the trial of Sir Walter Raleigh;
also presided at the trial of (irv Fawkes in L606.
He also tried tin- Earl OF ESSEX when he
(Popham) was seventy one years of age. lie mar-
ried according to one account

Amh:. only daughter and heiress of Robert
Games cf Castleton, in St. Tatham's Glamorgan-
shire; by another account he married

Anne, daughter and heiress of How ELL AT
Adam ok Castleton; by her he had the following


Sir Francis Popham, only son. and several

Sin John pin-chased the Littlecote "states in
County Wilts. Somersetshire, England. lie died
in ]('>(>?. and his remains repose under a magnifi-
cent tomb in the church of Wellington, surrounded
by a palisade of wood and iron; on a tablel are the
effigies of himself and Lady Popham.

Sin John was a man of great influence during
his life, he was an upright judge and many of the
subsequent, bright judges of England wrote
eulogies to his memory. He took a great interest
in the New World which America was called at
that time.

Katherine Rogers, nee Popham and sister of
Sir John, who married Edward Rogers of Carring-
ton Comity, Somerset, had a daughter, Ann Rog-
ers, who married Robert Hyde. Esq., whose daugh-
ter Mrs. Katherine Hyde is buried in the middle
aisle of Westminster Abbey. See Register of
Westminster Abbey, p. 259.

In 1G05 Henry Wriothesley, Earl of South-


ampton, Lord Arunde:lof Wasdour, and others
fitted out a ship for :i voyage of discovery to the
American const. Captain George Weymouth,
who had previously been there in the ship "Arch
angel," was appointed Commander, and Jamks
Rosier to "take due notice and make true report"
(see Rosier's relation of this voyage printed l>v
George's Society founded in memory of sir Fer-
dinando Gorges with notes by Henry 8. Barrage,
D. D.) Weymouth sailed from England, March
31 st, arrived off Cape Cod, May L lth, then sailed
eastward and northward to May 17th, inspecting
the coast, no doubt with hopes of finding a west-
ward passage to China. On the 16th of June he
set sail to return to England, bringing home with
him some of the North American Indians and ar-
rived at Dnrthinouth, July 18th, 1605. Wey-
mouth is supposed to have discovered the Kenne-
bec River, otherwise the Sagadaliock now in .Maine,
which Slate was formerly a part of Massachusetts,
and to which the expedition known as the /'"/>//('///
expedition as hereinafter related, sailed in 1607.
Recent writers are uncertain whether it was the
Kennebec or St. Georges River that Weymouth

In some way Sir F. Gorges became acquainted
with Weymouth and the operations of the Earl of
Southampton, and, according to Palfrev's History
of New England. Volume I. page 80, Sir V. Gor-
ges housed three Indians that Weymouth brought
over to Plymouth, England, and from them he
learnt of the richness ol the New World, and
was requested to use his influence with his
friends in high quarters to gel proper authority
for renewal of operations in North America.
There is no doubt but the Indiana were anxious to
return home and seeing their chance landed their
country to the skies. Sir V. Gorges being a
friend to Sir John Popham interested Sir John

and through his influence legislation w:is secured
which resulted in obtaining a Charter or Letters
Patent, (tdtvd April 10th, in the fourth year
of Queen Elizabeth's reign, empowering Si it
William Wade, Knight, Sir Francis Popham
(sou of sir John), Sir Ferdinando Gorges and
others "to abide and inhabit certaine partes of
Virginia and Am. Mica," afterwards extended by
King James (see Hanning's Statutes at large vol-
ame I, pp. 07, 77).

A vessel was first dispatched from Bristol by
Sir John Popham and made a survey <>r examina-
tion of the eoasi of New England and returned
with accounts that infused vigorous life into the
undertaking. A subsequent vessel was sent out,
but if sailed too far south and was captured bv the
Spaniards. Finally on June 1st. 1007. two ves-
sels, the "Gift of God" and "Mary and John,"
set sail from the Lizard The "Gift of God'' was
commanded by George Popham. the nephew of
Sir John and the son of his brother Alexander,
and the "Mary and John" was commanded by
Raleigh Gilbert. The vessels were loaded with
supplies, ordinance and utensils sufficient until
they could receive more. They fell in with the
land of Monhigan on the 11th of August. 1007,
and with the two Indians they brought back with
them encamped on an island at the mouth of the
Sagadahock or Kennebec. After a sermon was de-
livered and their patent and laws read they built
and fortified a storehouse on Sabino which they
named Fort St. George. Holmes in his New Eng-
land Genealogical and Historical Register, Volume
4, p. 227, says "on the 5th of December two ships
sailed for England, leaving a colony of forty-five
persons, Popham being President and Gilbert
Admiral." By another account it is said that the
"Mar// an<t Jo/m" only returned to England for
supplies December loth, 1007, and that the "Gift


of God" never left the shores of America, bul thai
a vessel or pinnace was buill by the colonists and
called the Virginia^ and she sailed finally to
England with the ll Mary and John." The " Vir-
ginia" was no doubl the first vessel recorded as
ever built in New England. The "Mary and John"
returning with supplies brought back news of
the death of Chief- Justice Popiiam, and Sin
John Gilbekt, the brother of Raleigh or Rawley,
Gilbert. This so depressed the colonists the\
solved to return to England and thus ended nil-
other fruitless experiment. < \ eokge Poph \ \t dh <l .
however, while on these shores, February 5th,
1608, and no doubt it was this that finally caused
the colonists to return. Some writers nave at
tempted to make out that the colonists were people
who had been expatriated, but there is nothing re
liable on which to found this belief. The fad that
the "Gift of God" did not return to England, and
that subsequent voyageurs relate the fact of coming
in contact with white men on the const of New
England, who claim that they were a part of
Popham's colony, has given rise to the fact that
between the Popham colonists and the Pilgrim
Father-, the Pilgrim Fathers settled in New Eng
land and founded their colony at Plymouth sub
sequent to the Pophams, and thus does away with
the priority of claim that Massachusetts makes
that the voyageurs in the Mayflower were the first
settlers of New England. See Doctor Charles
Bank's aide article in the Maine Historical and
Greaneological Record, Volume II. Number I.
1885, also the proceedings of the anniversary of
the founding of t lie Popham colony held in 1862,
Memorial Volume.

A very interesting letter was written l>y George
Popham in Latin to His Majesty King James, nar-
rating his discoveries and the fertility of the soil.
See also Letters Patent dated April 1<». LG06, is-


sued in the fourth year of the reign of James I to
George Popham and others to settle in Virginia
and other partes of North America.

Sir Francis Popham, son of the Chief Justice,
subsequently sent several commercial enterprises
over to America, but they were unsuccessful.

At the two hundred and fifty-fifth anniversary,
held in Maine on the 29th day of August, 1802, of
the planting of Popham's colony, a tablet to the
memory of George Popham was placed in the walls
of the Fort and the Fort was named Fort Popham
through the exertions of Hon. .John A. Poor. A
memorial stone with the following inscription was
placed "The first colony on the shores of New Eng-
land was founded here August 19th, 1607, under
George Popham."

The following is a copy of George Popham's
will: "In the name of the Almighty, being Father,
Son and Holy Ghost, three personnes and one God
Eternall, T make my Will and Testament, ami is
that my soule T betake into the handes ofmysaide
God and Saviour; twenty poundes to my nephew
Edwarde w* me in voyage: fifyre poundes to
Thomas Oxnan, my servaunt. All the res) unto
the above Lettie Maior, whome 1 make my sole
Executrix. In witness whereof, T hereunto have
subscribed the laste of Maie, one thousand six
hundred and seaven.

George Popham.

The halfe lyne blotted
was myne owne doing-
George Popham Windebancke 112

Proved 2 December 1608

1573- 16U-

Sir Francis Popham.

Married Anne daughter and heir of John Dud-
ley of Stoke Newington Middlesex, Esq., and IkhI
the following issue, five sons and four daughters:

John Popham, horn 1605.

Alexander Popham.

Hugh Popham, born died 1651.

Edward Popham, born 1610, died 1651 ; known
as Admiral Popham.

Penelope, married Thomas Hannan.

Eleanor, married Roger Warre.

Elizabeth, married Sin Richard Champer-

Katharine, married Edward Rogers and had
issue, a son G-eorge Rogers and a daughter hereto-
fore mentioned.

Mary married John Mallett.

Sir Francis was a soldier and a politician, and
the only son of Sir John Popham. of Littlecote.
He matriculated at Balliol College, Oxford, May
17th, 1588, but does not seem to have taken a de-
gree. In 1589 he entered as a student at the
Middle Temple, and in 1596 was Knighted at Cadiz
by the Earl of Essex, who so successfully captured
that city. Between 1597 and 1644 he was a mem-
ber of Parliament, successively for Somers< I. Wilt-
shire, Marlborough, Great Bedwin in Wiltshire,
Chippenham and Wymehead. During his life he
was frequently engaged in law suits. lie was evi-
dently a man of large means as lie took great in-
terest in sending out ships to trade with North
America, lie was buried at Stoke-Newington,
August, 15th, 1644, but his body was subsequent-
ly removed to Bristol, in March, HUT.

John Popham, the eldest sou of Sir Francis,
married Mary, daughter of Sir St. Sebastian


Henry, was member of Parliament for Bath
1627-8. It is said that on the restoration of Charles
II Sir Francis Popham and his son Alexandeh

became so obnoxious tliat he excepted them both
out of the genera] pardon. Thereupon John
removed to Ireland and purchased theBandon es-
tates , County of Cork. His only son he signifi-
cantly named

IciiABoi), "the glory is departed."

Alexander Popham, the second son of Sir
Francis, was born in 1605, matriculated at Balliol
College, Oxford, July 16th, 1621. From 1640 he
sat continuously as member of Parliament for
Bath. On the death of his father. Sir Francis, he
succeeded to the estates of Littlecote. On the
death of CHARLES I was Councillor of State and
was one of Cromwell's Lords in 1(5.")?. sat in the
Cavalier Parliament of 1001, entertained Charles II
at Littlecote on his way to Bath in 100:5. and died
November 16th, 1669, left a son Alexandkr.

Hugh Popiiam.


ww wr.t.

Edward Popham.

Edwaijd Popham was the fifth and youngest son
of Sir Francis. II<' married Anne daughter of
William Carr, groom of the bedchamber to King

James, and had issue a sou and daughter,



Edward entered the British na\ \ and became in
1636, Lieutenant of the "Henrietta Maria.''

1637, Captain of the "Fifth Whelp" (lost, un-

16:59, Captain of the "Rainbow."

1649, Admiral in the Downs.

He died on board his flag-ship at Dover, <>■ fever,
on the 18th day of August, 1651, and was buried
in Westminster Abbey, in Henry the Y1II < !hapel, at
the expense of the state.

From the Register of Westminster Abbey (which
as a curious fact, was compiled by J. L. Chester,
a New Yorker), page 144; subject, "Burials in
Westminster Abbey." Tt is stated that Anthony
Wood says he was buried on the 24th of Septem-
ber, but Heath's chronicle says the 24th of Octo
ber, and slates that it was on the evening of the
day appointed by the Parliament, as one of
Thanksgiving for the Royalisl defeat at Worces-
ter (which occurred the 3d of September), and
which they had first fixed for the 2d of October,
but afterwards postponed until the 24th. and that
the funeral was attended by Cromwell and many
of the members. These minute details appear t<>
establish the date of burial on the "24th of October.
His remains were included in the Royal Warrant
for disinterment after the Restoration, but it has
always been understood that they escaped the in-
tended indignity of being thrown into the common


pit in the church-yard, and were allowed to be
carried away by his friends. His elaborate monu-
ment which the compiler had the pleasure of see-
ing last year, was allowed to remain in the Ab-
bey, but on condition that the inscription of the
tablet should be thoroughly defaced, which was
accordingly done, and now only his name appears.
The story by Durt, that the tablet w.-is simply
turned with the inscription inward, is a pure myth.

Alexander Popham, the Admiral's brother,
was still a member of Parliament, and no doubt
used all his influence to prevent any indignity to
his brother's remains.

A portrait by Cooper, of Admiral Popham, was
ou exhibition at the Loan Exhibition, held at
South Kensington Museum, in 1868, the property
of F. Leybourne-Popham.

Edward Wm. Leybourne, was the son of Anne,
sister of Sir Francis, of Littlecote, who died in
1780, sine prole (without issue), and devised his
estate to his nephew Edward William Leybourne,
who took the name and arms of Popham. and be-
came General Leybourne-Popham. This F.
Leybourne- Popham is no doi bt a descendent of
that branch.


Alexandek Popham.

Son of Alexander Popham, Rector of West
Mo nek ton Somerset, graduated at All Sonls Col
lege, Oxford, 1751, and M. A., 1 7.V> : called to the
bar Middle Temple, 1755 ; Bencher, L785; Master
in Chancery, 1786-1802. Auditor of the Dutchy
of Lancaster, lS0 k 2: elected member of Parliament
for Taunton, 1768, and from 1784-1770. Popham
died in Lincoln's Inn Fields. October 13th, 1810.


Sir Home Rtgg9 Popham.

Str Home Bioos Popham was boro in Ireland in

1702 and was the son of

He served as Lieutenant in the British Xavy in
the American War and rose to the rank of Post
Captain. , Born after the commencement of war
with France, rendered essential service to the
Duke of York in Holland. He was next cm ployed
in the Baltic Sea. In 1800 he was appointed to a
command in the East Indies. In 1803 he entered
the Red Sea and settled advantageous terms of
commerce for the English merchants which made
him very popular. Afterwards lie was engaged in
an expedition against Buenos Ayres for which (as
he was charged with acting without sufficient au-
thority) he was tried by court- martial and repri-
manded. Finally he obtained the position of
Commander-in-Chief on the Jamaica Station, and
had but just returned to England in 1820 when he
died. See Appleton's Cyclopedia of Biography.

Iciiabod Popham.

Ichabod Popham's mother is reported to have
been a daughter of the celebrated Chief-Justice
Bradshaw, lie married and

left one son John.

John Popham married and

was the father of James and grandfather of WILL-
IAM Popham, of Bandon, whose son was the late
Major William Popham of Scars dale, New


The Major's mother was Patience Millkt,
daughter of a Presbyterian Minister.

Note. John Popiiam (batchelor) late of Montreal,
Canada (d. 189(5) was a cousin of the late Wm. S.
Popiiam. John had a brother whose son is
now in the United States.


Major William Popiiam.

Major William Popiiam of Scarsdale, West-
chester County^ New York, was born in the Town
of Bandon, County Cork, Ireland, September 19th,
1752. He was brought to this country at the early
age of nine years and his parents settled in the
town of JVewark, Delaware. It was in that place
he spent his youth and through private instruc-
tion received a finished education. It was his
intention to enter upon the holy officeof the minis-
try but on the breaking out of the Revolutionary
war, he was fired with military zeal and accepting
a commission in the army to wit : Second Lieuten-
ant of Captain Henry Derby's Company,
Colonel John Hazlet's Regiment, Delaware
line January 17th. In December, 1776, he took
part in the battle of Long Island as Captain of
tlic Second Canadian Regiment, Colonel Moses
Hagan, April 8th, nil aide-de-camp to General
James Clinton. From 1777-1779 he served with
the Sullivan Expedition. In il79 y aide-de-camp
to Baron Steuben. Retired January 1st. 178:l

At the battle of Long Island 'he greatly dis-
tinguished himself by taking prisoner the famous
Captain Ragge with eighteen more of the enemy. It
is said he cut the suspenders oil" the men thus re-
quiring them to use their hands to hold up their
clothes and not their muskets. As a captain he
took part in the battle of Brandy wine. It will be


recollected that General Sullivan's expedition was
against the Western Indians. After the wai Major
Pophani resided a few years in the City of Albany,

New York where he married and entered upon the
study of law and practiced his profession, subse-
quently he came to New York City and entered into

practice. In 1787 he owned a farm in the Manor of
Scarsdale. Westchester Count \ about twenty miles
from New York Citv. While residing there lie
held the office of Clerk of Exchequer until the of-
fice was abolished. In 1804 he removed to New
York City and remained until 1818 practicing his
profession and paying particular attention to the
education of his children. He then returned to
his farm and lived thereuntil 1 836 when the death
of his wife Mary Morris, the daughter of the Hon.
Richard Morris, chief-justice occurred, when he
returned to New York and resided until hi^ own
death at the age of ninety-five. Be was a friend
to the poor and needy and derived much of his
happiness by doing good. He was a friend and
companion of Washington and claimed as his in-
timate many of the most remarkable men of his
day. He belonged to the old school of the Ameri-
can gentlemen and was an accomplished scholar.
His remains were conveyed to White Plains
where in a little church-vard in the village thev
now repose in peace. He was the seventh presi-
dent of the New York State Society of the Cincin-
nati and as the oldest member President General
of the General Society of Cincinnati of the United
States an office first held by General Washington,
of this society he was the third president since
its institution in 1783. The following general
order was issued by the New York State Society
of the Cincinnati. Dated New York, September
27th, 1847.



General Order.

New York, Sept. 27, 1847.

It has become the painful duty of the vice-
president to announce to the society the death of
their venerable president, Ma jou William Porn wi
at the advanced age of ninety five years. Major
Popham was also President- General of the General
Society of the Cincinnati of the United States.

He was a native of Ireland, and came to this
country previous to the revolution, and was at its
commencement, appointed a lieutenant in the
army, and at the battle of Long Island with a
detachment of troops under his command, captured
and brought to headquarters in this city, a British
guard with its commanding officers ami was high-
ly complemented by General Washington on tin*
occasion; he was afterwards appointed an aide-de-
camp to General James Clinton, and subsequently
to Baron Steuben by whom he was much beloved:
he continued in the service till the termination
of the war. was a brave and accomplished officer
and a gentleman of considerable legal and
literary acquirements. He held for a long
time an important civil office connected with our
Courts of Justice. He always sustained the char-
acter of most exemplary punctuality in the execu-
tion of his official duties. In private life he was
respected and beloved by all who knew him ; his
mental faculties were retained with great vigor
until the last moment of his life, and died as a
Christian soldier with the confidence that his piety
and faithfulness would entitle him to the reward
in the life to come, promised to those who con
tinues faithful to the end.

"Sweet sleep the brave who sink to rest,
With all their Country's honor blest."


The members of the Bociety are requested to
wear the usual badge of mourning for thirty days.

By Order,
General Anthony Lamb,

Vic Pres't.
Edward P. Marcellin,


Society of the Cincinnati, an association

formed after the peace of ITS:',, originally ••< im-
posed of' officers of the American Revolutionary
Army and is continued in their kinsman and rep-
resentatives. At a general meeting, held in 1784,
the first regular officers of the society were chosen.
Washington, of course, was named Presidenl Gen-
eral, General Gates wns elected Vice-President
General, and General Knox Secretary -General.
Some of the presiding officers since the organiza-
tion of the society are General Washington, Alex-
ander Hamilton. Charles C. Pinckney, Thomas
Pinckney, Aaron Ogden, of New Jersey; Morgan
Sears, of New York; William, of New York;
Henry S. Dearborn, of Massachusetts, and Hamil-
ton Fish, of New York.


Online LibraryCharles E. (Charles Edward) CrowellPartial genealogy of the Popham family → online text (page 1 of 2)