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Charles Elihu Slocum.

A short history of the Slocums, Slocumbs and Slocombs of America, genealogical and biographical; embracing eleven generations of the first-named family, from 1637 to 1881: with their alliances and the descendants in the female lines as far as ascertained online

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Online LibraryCharles Elihu SlocumA short history of the Slocums, Slocumbs and Slocombs of America, genealogical and biographical; embracing eleven generations of the first-named family, from 1637 to 1881: with their alliances and the descendants in the female lines as far as ascertained → online text (page 1 of 64)
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20 THE SLOCUMS, SLOCUMBS, AND SLOCOMBS, OF AMERICA.



THE RESEARCHES IN ENGLAND.

When in England in 1879 tne writer passed several weeks en-
deavoring to ascertain the early history of the Slocombes. Much
time was spent in the British Museum Library, London, and a tour
was made through central and southwestern England. In my
rambles over the hills and through the combes, or valleys, several
parishes were visited in hope of finding something definite in the
registers concerning those who founded the name in America
about the year 1637 ; but those books, when found of a period
antedating that year, were generally in such bad condition from
long neglect in damp and mouldy corners of churches as to be
mainly illegible. In the Parish of Huish Champflower, Somerset-
shire, about fifteen miles west of Taunton, the family was early
prominent judging from the list of wills seen at Taunton ; and the
name was found in someof the legible parts of records in the earliest
register, but to no purpose. The oldest well-preserved register ex-
amined bore date from "Anno Regni Elizabeths Primo,A. D. 1558."
This was in Clatworthy Parish adjoining Huish Champflower
where the name first appeared at a date later than the first emi-
gration to America ; see Appendix name of Robert Slocombe.
Durston Parish was visited but the old registers could not be found.

That there were several families of the name in the vicinity of
Taunton in the West Division of Somersetshire in the sixteenth
and seventeenth centuries, is proven by the following list of wills
which I collected in the Taunton Probate Office, viz. :



Name of Testator.


Date

of Will.


Name of Parish.


Parish
Registers
date from,




1605
1608
l6l2
1622
1624
1625
1625
1633
1635
1636
I637
1638
1639
1643
1660
1660




1560
1 64 1

1645
1673

1673
1548
1073

1563
1645


do.


















do
























do







RESEARCHES IN ENGLAND CONCERNING THE ANCESTORS. 21

Not feeling inclined at the time of my visit to give continued

personal attention to the old records in Somersetshire, I did not

look for these wills amongst the old and rather carelessly-kept

papers at Taunton. Upon visiting Wells two wills were there

found registered. An English genealogist, Captain A. E Lawson

Lowe, was afterward engaged to continue the investigation, and,

after visiting those places, he reported to me as follows :

"The wills proved in a number of old courts were deposited in the
District Probate Court at Wells. The principal of these are (i) the
Consistory Court of the Lord Bishop of Wells; (2) Consistory Court
of the Dean and Chapter of Wells ; (3) Consistorial Archidiaconal
Court of Wells ; and (4) Consistory Court of the Dean of Wells. The
first of these is said to date from 1543, but there are only a very few
wills prior to about the year 1600. In this Court only two wills of
Slocombes were found, viz. :

1. "The will of Charity Slocombe, of the parish of Old Cleave, in the county of
Somerset, widovy, is dated November 21st, 1642. She devises 20 shillings to the
poor of Old Cleave, and 20 shillings to the poor of Gothurst. To her brother,
Aldred Bickham, her sister, Joane Studdier, and her kinswoman, Isoll Oatford, she
gives a piece of gold to each. She devises small legacies to Richard Bickham and
John Studdier, the younger. To Isoll Bickham she gives ' a hood and safe gard
and petecoat and wascoat, and one handkercheife with a broad lase.' To her kins-
woman, Mary "Wills, of Envier, widow, she gives her 'best cloake.' To Mary Gey,
she gives her 'best hatt,' her 'ould petecoat and one doulis smock and a blew apron
and an under coat of gingerline.' She also gives legacies to Anne Sully, the daughter
of Thomas Sully, and to Mary Willis. To each of her god children she gives two
shillings, and gives ten shillings to be distributed amongst her brother Aldred Bick-
ham's servants, that is twelve pence to each. The whole residue she gives to her
son, Giles Slocombe, whom sTie appoints her sole executor. This will was proved
January 26, 1643."

2. "The will of Robert Slocombe, the elder, yeoman, of Plainsfield within the
parish of Over Stowey, is dated February 14, 1670. He names as heirs his sons,
Humphrey, John, and William Slocombe, and his grand-children Robert, Richard
Joane, and Elizabeth Slocombe, and also, several persons of other names. An
inventory of his personal goods, dated May 13, 1670, and amounting to ^222. 5.5-. od.
is annexed."

" In the calendars of the second named Court, which embraces few
wills and does not date back beyond 1660, the three following names
were found, all of the parish of Bishop's Lydeard, viz : George Slo-
combe, 1707; Richard Slocombe, 1729; and Elizabeth Slocombe, 1730.
These are 'administrations' only, and contain no genealogical particu-
lars. They are, moreover, too late to be of any service in the present
enquiry, but serve to show the existence of a family of the name at
Bishop's Lydeard, 5^ miles N. W. of Taunton."

"The third Court that I have mentioned also dates from 1660, and
no reference to any person of the name was to be met with in the books
belonging to the same."












r~r~]



A SHORT HISTORY

OF THE
_ t

Slocums, Slocumbs and Slocombs
of america,

GENEALOGICAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL;

Embracing Eleven Generations of the First-named Family
from 1637 to 1881 :



WITH THEIR ALLIANCES AND THE DESCENDANTS IN THE FEMALE LINES
SO FAR AS ASCERTAINED. ALSO THE ETYMOLOGY OF THOSE SUR-
NAMES, AN ACCOUNT OF SOME RESEARCHES IN ENGLAND
CONCERNING THEIR ANCESTORS WHO BORE THE
PARENT S URNAMF. l S I.f)CnMRF.. Etc.

[UNIVERSITY



CHARLES ELIKXFS&SCIJM, M. D., Ph. D.



In treasuring up the memorials of the fathers, we best manifest our regard for
posterity. Rev. Abner Morse, A. M.



SYRACUSE, N. Y.:
PUBLISHED BY THE AUTHOR.

1882.



6?



SYRACUSE, N. Y.:
Truair, Smith & Bruce, Printers and Binders.

1882.



2-^ 33;



TO

ALL PERSONS LIVING,

AND

TO THE MEMORY OF THOSE DECEASED,

WHO HAVE IN ANY WAY CONTRIBUTED TO MAKE

THE NAME SLOCUM, SLOCUMB, OR SLOCOMB,

RESPECTABLE AND RESPECTED,

THIS VOLfcMETS SINCERELY

INSCRIBED BY THE

AUTHOR.



He that to ancient wreathes can bring no more
From his own worth, dies bankrupt on the score.

John Cleveland.



I am one
Who finds within me a nobility
That spurns the idle pratings of the great,
And their mean boast of what their fathers were,
While they themselves are fools effeminate,
The scorn of all who know the worth of mind
And virtue.

James Gates Percival.



The reputation of a man is like his shadow : It sometimes follows and some-
times precedes him ; it is sometimes longer and sometimes shorter than his natural
size. French Provek b.



General Index.



Page.

Additions and Corrections 590

Appendix of Isolated Families and Names 552

Arms, Slocombe Coat of, in England 25

Aylsworth Family, Genealogy of the 125

Bass Family Genealogy 369, 371

Chancery, Suits in, in England 24

Cincinnati, Society of the 97

Combe, meaning of the word 17

Coroner's Inquest concerning the death of John 2 Slocum 35

England, Researches in 20 to 26

Friends, Society of, and the Slocums in relation to 27 to 32

First Meeting-house of in Dartmouth 51

Number of 30

Number of Places of meeting in Dartmouth in 1859 5 2

Genealogies, Uncertainty of the early English 24

Heralds' Visitation of Devonshire, England, A. D. 1620 23

Herald's Visitation of Somersetshire, England, A. D. 1573 25

Holder Family Genealogy 53

Hull Family Genealogy 72

Index to Names other than Slocum, Slocumb, and Slocomb... After Index to Slocombs

Index to Slocombs After Index to Slocumbs

Index to Slocums 593

Index to Slocumbs After Index to Slocums

Indian Captive, Frances Slocum, the 219

Monk, Maria, Book on the Disclosures of 383

New England, Source of Civil and Religious Liberty in 28

New Plymouth, King Philip's War in 28

New Plymouth United with Massachusetts in 1691 56

Old, New, and Middle Tenor money 71

References to Books, Records, etc., where information has been obtained.

American Independence, Barnes's One Hundred Years of 483, 487

Chalkley, Thomas, Journal of 66

Congress, United States, Lannman's Dictionary of 490

Douglas Family, Genealogy of the 24

English Records 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 56, 383, 572, 573

Friends' Certificate of Marriage 31

Certificates of Removal 32

Library 46, 52, 66

Piety Promoted 46

Records 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 39, 41, 50, 65

Records in Massachusetts 45, 51, 52, 53, 66

Records in New Jersey 50

Records in New York 65

Records in Rhode Island 27, 30, 31, 32, 41, 46, 53, 62, 67, 68

Georgia, History of, by Rev. William B. Stevens 56

Harleian MS., London 25

Haven Family Genealogy, by Josiah Adams 504

Hyde Family Genealogy, by Reuben H. Walworth, LL.D 585

Immigrants, Original Lists of some of the 26



6 GENERAL INDEX.

Massachusetts, Books and Records of.. ..27, 28, 33, 34, 35, 37, 38,

39. 43. 5i, 5i, 52, 57. 7i. 236, 431. 500, 501, 502, 504, 505, 518, 534

Michigan, Biographical History of Eminent Men of 194, 307, 458

Names, Christian Names, Books on 12

Surnames, Books on 17

New England Genealogical Dictionaiy 23, 35, 92

New England Historical and Genealogical Register 19, 26, 51, 577

Newcomb Family, Genealogical Memoir of ., 19

New Plymouth, Books and Records of, see Massachusetts

New Jersey, Records in 41, 42, 43, 50, 65

Newport Historical Magazine 91, 92

New York Genealogical and Biographical Record 19

New York State, Records in 129, 216, 229, 369, 552

North Carolina, Wheeler's History of 487

Obituaries, Extracts from... 46, 91, 105, 138, 176, 189, 193, 194,214,

224, 225, 226, 249, 273, 383, 401, 413, 432, 448, 495, 513, 518, 534

Ohio, History of Ashland County in 235, 388

Pennsylvania, Records and Books of. .65, 123, 216, 217, 223, 226, 353, 355

Rebellion, Medical and Surgical History of the War of the 405

Rebellion Record, by Frank Moore 449, 571, 585

Researches among the British Archives, Account of . 23

Revolution, American, Diary of the 93

Loyalists of the, by Lorenzo Sabine 73, 142

Privateer " Sturdy Beggar " of the 577

Traditions and Reminiscences of the 487

Women of the, by Mrs. Elizabeth Ellet 487

Revolutionary War Rolls 73, 75, 93, 100, 128, 501, 503, 504, 505, 50S

Rbode Island, Books and Records of 28, 30, 31, 37, 38, 39, 41,

44, 45, 46, 50, 54, 62, 68, 73, 74, 75, 76, 80, 86, 87, 88,

91, 92, 93, 98, 103, 122, 126, 160, 436, 443, 449

Richardson Family Memorial 502, 504, 518

Roll of Honor, United States, Names recorded in, 261, 262, 273,

275, 2 352, 356, 362, 443, 556, 583, 2 5S4, 2 585," 586, 3 587," 588, 2 58g 2

Tilley Family Genealogy, by R. H. Tilley 44, 53, 63

Virginia, History of, by Henry Stith 56

Whitney Family of Connecticut, Genealogy of the 369

Researches in England 20 to 26

Slocomb Family, Genealogy of the 50010551

Slocombe, Etymology of the Name 17

Slocombes, Different Emigrations of to America. ..26, 486, 500, 572, 573, 577, 581

Slocombes not numerous now in England 25

Slocombeslade, Hamlets of Upper and Lower 24

Slocum, Etymology of the Name 17

Slocum's Coi-ners, North Kingstown Township, R. 1 106

Slocum's Creek, near New Berne, North Carolina 488

Slocum Family, Founders of the, in America 26,33,36

Slocum Family, Genealogy of the 3310485

Slocomb Family, Genealogy of the 48610499

Slocum's Grove Postoffice, Muskegon County, Mich 457

Slocum Hollow, Lackawanna County, Pa 124,218, 351, 353

Slocum's Island, Buzzard's Bay, Mass 66

Slocum's Island, Detroit River, Mich 457

Slocum's Island, Pleasure Bay, New Jersey 43

Slocum, John, 2 Coroner's Inquest concerning the death of 35

Slocum, Joshua, Life of, by his son John, 58

Slocum's Junction, Wayne County, Mich 458

Slocum's Neck, Bristol County, Mass 5 1

Slocum Place, Duchess County, New York 94

Slocum Postoffice, Luzerne County, Pa 225

Slocum's River, Bristol County, Mass 34, 5 1

Slocums, Census of, in Rhode Island in 1774 75



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS. 7

Slocum Station, Lackawanna County, Pa 355

Slocum's Station, Scioto County, Ohio 171

Slocum Township, Luzerne County, Pa 225

Slocumville, Jefferson County, New York 198

Slocumville Postoffice, Washington County, Rhode Island 106

.Sloe Fruit and Tree, Account of the 17

Small-pox in Rhode Island in 1739 68

Smith Family of Dartmouth, Mass., Genealogy of the 197

Subscribers for this Book, List of After the Indexes

Surnames, Changes of Orthography in 19

" Five Classes of 17

Not in early use 19

Tillinghast Family of Rhode Island, Genealogy of the 92

Traditions in the Slocum Family 19, 26, 56, 486, 487

Will of Benjamin 4 Slocum of Dartmouth, Mass 7 1

Will of Charity Slocombe of Somersetshire, England 21

Will of Christopher Slocombe of Somersetshire, England 22

Will of Edmund Slocombe of London, England 24

Will of Eliezer 3 Slocum of Dartmouth, Mass 57

Will of Giles 2 Slocum of Portsmouth, R. 1 39

Will of Robert Slocombe of Somersetshire, England 21

Will of Robert Slocombe, Jr., of Somersetshire, England 22

Wills of Slocums in New Jersey 43

Wills, List of at Taunton, England 20

Wills at Wells, England 21

Wright Families, Genealogies of the 229, 417



LIST OF ENGRAVINGS.

Coat of Arms Frontispiece.

Matthew Barnard Slocum To Face Page 246

Judge William Henry Slocum " 39

Laton Slocum 349

Joseph Slocum 353

Caleb Wright Slocum " 369

Humphrey Slocum " 375

Lieutenant-Colonel Paul Enos Slocum " 4 2

Doctor John Ostrander Slocum " 44

Major-General Henry Warner Slocum " 45

Colonel John Stanton Slocum " 44

Giles Bryan Slocum " 45

Doctor John Caleb Slocum " 45

Doctor Charles Elihu Slocum " 47

John Newton Slocum " 47 2



Preface.



This book is the result of a desire which was awakened in the
mind of the writer some years ago to know more regarding his
ancestry than could be learned from his immediate relatives, and of
the stimulation this desire has received from the genealogical his-
tories which have been published, especially during the last decade.
The work in its present extent and form far exceeds my earlier
anticipations ; but one step encouraged another until there
seemed no other course to take than to publish my gleanings
that those who have become interested in my labors might share
in the result of them. I have been aware, however, that this publi-
cation will interest, particularly, only those whose names, with the
names of their ancestors, are recorded in it ; and in this connection
it seems desirable to state that I was not actuated to these re-
searches by a hope that vast unclaimed estates could be found, or
that pecuniary profit would in any way accrue to me. The work
was engaged in, and has been prosecuted, wholly in the spirit of
legitimate genealogical research ; and, as in most undertakings
of the kind, the subcriptions for the book do not pay even the
expense of its publication to say nothing of the far greater
expense which has attended its preparation. But should the
attention thus called to the subject have an influence even
slight and in limited circles to stimulate commendable family
pride and emulation, and incline the younger members of the
families more to the paths of higher culture and to the religion
of the early fathers that they may guard with zealous care the
honor and fair fame of the name they bear, then the considerable
amount of time and money which the work has cost will not
have been expended in vain.

The difficulties which are met with in gathering material for
a work of this character are very great. The quaint lines of
Anthony a Wood (1632-1695) relative to antiquarian research
in his time are fully applicable here, for " a painful work it is, and



IO PREFACE.

more than difficult, wherein what toyle hath been taken, as no
man thinketh, so no man believeth, but he that hath made the
triall."* References to the authorities for the sketches of the
earlier generations are freely given in those sketches, while the
authorities for the records of the later generations are preserved
by the writer in form of reports received from the families them-
selves or from their relatives or friends. To induce fullness,
system, and accuracy in those reports, a large blank-form con-
taining a list of fifty-eight questions, and an extended explanatory
circular, were distributed to all persons bearing the name Slocum,
Slocumb, or Slocomb, and to the families allied to these names,
whose addresses could be ascertained from relatives, friends,
genealogists, postmasters, and directories. A few of the packages
thus sent out were returned by postmasters, showing that those
for whom they were intended had either died or changed their
residence. Others have been retained by those addressed, or
their relatives, together with the addressed envelopes and stamps
enclosed for their return, and notwithstanding the subsequent
sending of two additional circulars, and in many instances letters,
with special requests for reports. Most of the blanks, however,
have been returned with many of the questions carefully
answered, and I desire here to express my thanks to all who
have thus aided and encouraged me in the work. In an especial
manner would I acknowledge the kindly interest manifested in
my labors by Judge William Henry Slocum of Ocean Port,
N. J., Mr. Lewis Henry Slocum of Pittsburgh, Pa., Dr. Alfred
Marshall Slocum of Philadelphia, Pa., Mr. John Slocum of
Wyoming, R. I., Miss Lida Swan Slocum of Ashland, Ohio,
Mrs. Margaret Almy of South Portsmouth, R. I., and Mr.
Humphrey H. H. C. Smith of Detroit, Mich., who, with great
and continued courtesy, have answered my many letters and
questions and contributed much information concerning the
families of their immediate relatives, and in some instances much
relating to other families in their respective communities. I am

*For an interesting account of some of the difficulties in gathering family
records and history the reader is referred to the publication entitled ' ' The Descend-
ants of Joseph Loomis," by Elias Loomis, LL.D., Professor of Natural History and
Astronomy in Yale College. The several genealogical publications of Professor
Loomis show a remarkable degree of patient and persevering effort notwithstanding
the many and great obstacles met with in their preparation.



PREFACE. 1 1

also indebted to many young men and women for reports which
but for them would not have been received. The interest
manifested in the work by the young people has been particularly
cheering to me and is considered a good omen for the family
name. I also gratefully acknowledge the receipt of a number
of voluntary contributions from gentlemen, residing in different
parts of the country, who are interested in genealogical studies
but who are not related to these families.

The research and the efforts to make this a full and trust-
worthy genealogical history have probably been as thorough as
in most undertakings of the kind ; and it is believed that no
considerable number of families have borne the surname Slocum,
Slocumb, or Slocomb, in America who are not herein represented.
Completeness, however, may be considered an impossibility in a
work of this character, covering so many years and with so many
scattered families and lost records, and, withal, where so many
who could aid in the work are disinclined to do so. Where the
records or reports have been fragmentary or indefinite marks of
doubt (?) are inserted, particularly if any inference is expressed.
Wherever present time is intimated the reader may understand
that the year 1880 is the time referred to.

It is thought that the arrangement of the genealogy which
differs but little from the plan used in the Register of the New
England Historic, Genealogical Society, is as simple as it can
well be and still be complete. References from the children of
families in the different generations forward to the biographical
sketches of the same can readily be made by means of the Arabic
numerals opposite the names and the corresponding numerals
over the sketches. It has been my aim to keep the style of these
sketches simple and clear and to avoid prolix and laudatory histo-
ries. Those who may regret the brevity of the sketches given
of their ancestors will please consider that the facts necessary for
a full and authentic history have been wanting. I regret that
more details have not been ascertained in many cases, particu-
larly concerning those who are deceased ; but it is an axiom,
probably more applicable to the past than to the present, that
much of that which is of most value in the lives of mankind is
seldom permanently recorded and does not long survive them.
And with the imperfect and careless manner of recording and



12 PREFACE

preserving vital statistics which still prevails in most families it
would not be strange that the dates of their births and deaths
should, after a length of time, become known only by tradition ;
and eventually, that varying rumor dying, even their very names,
the last that memory retains of them, may also fail among men
and they that are become as unknown, and past finding out, as
though they had never lived. There are many still who agree, in
theory and practice, with Sir Thomas Browne (1605-1682), anti-
quary and physician, who, in his Discourse on Sepulcral Urns
(1648), looked upon the disregard of ancestors as unavoidable by
the masses though not without regret for the few, saying : " Our
fathers find their graves in our short memories and tell us how
we may be buried in our survivors. Oblivion is not to be hired.
The greater part must be content to be as though they had not
been, to be found in the register of God, not in the record of man."

Care has been exercised to maintain correct orthography in
names. It is probable, however, that errors will be found in this
particular as the writing has been obscure in many records. In
cases of doubt regarding the less common christian names the
vocabularies of names in Webster s Dictionary, Arthur s Diction-
ary of Family Christian Names, and the History of Christian
Names* have been taken as guides so far as practicable ; but
these publications have been of no usefor those names so written
as not to indicate the sex of those who bear them, and for many of
the modern aestheticisms and pet names, as well as for a number of
names obtained from sources unknown to the writer, and where
only the initials were given in the report.

Palfrey, in his History of New England (1859), states that
there is probably not a county in England which is
occupied by a population of purer English blood than is that of
the New England people. The same may as truly be said of
many of the Slocums of to-day, and of all until a few later inter-
marriages. The last common ancestor, Giles Slocombe, removed
from England in the time of the absolute and despotic reign of
King Charles I, and settled in Portsmouth Township, Rhode
Island. Two of his sons reared families in Rhode Island,
two others in Dartmouth Township, New Plymouth, now

^History of Christian Names, by the author of Landmarks of History, etc. ; 2
vols. 12 mo., London, 1863,



PREFACE. 13

Massachusetts, and one in Shrewsbury Township, East New
Jersey. Of those descendants who remained about Narragan-
sett Bay, Rhode Island, and those who resided near Buzzard's
Bay, Massachusetts, many have been sea-faring men, very
many of these becoming master-mariners in different branches
of the service, sailing through every sea. The largest portion
of the descendants, however, have been engaged in agricultural
pursuits, and in the succeeding generations many have kept
abreast of the emigration westward, and have acted important
parts as pioneers in subduing the forests and in developing
America's unequaled resources. The descendants have not been
so numerous in the aggregate as have those of some other names.

The reader should bear in mind that the style of dates intro-
duced into Roman Catholic countries by Pope Gregory XIII,
A. D. 1582, was not adopted by England and her Colonies until
the year 1752 ; and previous to this year the dates are in the
Old Style the year commencing with the 25th day of March,
and March being called the First month of the year and Febru-
ary the Twelfth. The inconvenience resulting from the use of
both styles in Europe at the same time, gave rise to the frequent
expression of both years in all dates between the 1st of January
and the 24th of March, as " the 7th of First month commonly
called March, 163I" (1637-8). The old or Julian Calendar may
be made to correspond with the new or Gregorian Calendar by



Online LibraryCharles Elihu SlocumA short history of the Slocums, Slocumbs and Slocombs of America, genealogical and biographical; embracing eleven generations of the first-named family, from 1637 to 1881: with their alliances and the descendants in the female lines as far as ascertained → online text (page 1 of 64)