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Charles Field Mason.

A complete handbook for the sanitary troops of the U. S. army and navy and national guard and naval militia online

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ing under the arch of the pubis, the handle is depressed between the
thighs (Fig. 261). No force should be used under any circum-
stances.

Hernia or rupture is a condition in which some part of the con-
tents of the abdomen, particularly the intestine, escapes and forms
an external tumor. It is usually caused by violent muscular effort
or straining, and is especially apt to occur in the tropics as a result
of loss of flesh and general muscular relaxation. Though it
develops gradually, its appearance is often sudden.

Inguinal hernia appears as a swelling just above the fold of the
groin, which may pass on down alongside the testicle, becoming
scrotal.

In femoral hernia the swelling is just below the fold of the groin,
and usually much smaller than in the inguinal form.

The swelling is soft and elastic and at first goes back when the
patient lies down, or can be pushed back; sometimes it will not go
back and is then said to be irreducible; if the hernia becomes so
tightly caught in the ring through which it passes that the circula-
tion is arrested it is said to be strangulated.

The temporary treatment of a hernia consists in the application
of a truss. Before the truss is applied, however, the hernia must
be put back or reduced; if this is not done the trusss will press on
the delicate intestine and cause severe pain and inflammation.

To reduce a hernia that will not go back of itself, place the
patient on his back with a pillow under his hips, and the hips and
knees flexed, and tell him to breathe quietly through the mouth, and
not to strain. Then grasp the tumor with the fingers and squeeze
it gently as you would a sponge, in a direction upward, backward,
and outward; a sudden slip will be felt as the intestine returns.
The truss should now be applied with the patient lying down.

A truss consists of a pad to cover the ring and inguinal canal, and
a spring to make the pressure and hold the pad in place; there is
usually also a strap from the end of the spring back to the pad and
sometimes also a perineal strap for additional security in large
hernias. After a truss is adjusted, its efficiency should be tested by



MINOR OPERATIONS, CONTINUED 483

seeing whether it will hold up the hernia when the patient stands,
sits, lies down, bends over, descends stairs, etc.

To measure for a truss place the end of the tape over the point
where the hernia escapes, and carry it around the pelvis midway
between the anterior superior spine of the ilium and the great
trochanter, and back to the starting point.

Toothache: When there is a cavity it should be cleaned out with
a little absorbent cotton on the end of a probe or match, and the
cavity then plugged with a bit of cotton dipped in phenol, creosote,
or oil of cloves.

The tooth should not be extracted unless there is no chance of
obtaining the services of a dentist for a considerable time and mean-
while the pain is unbearable.

To extract a tooth see that a forceps is selected which is adapted
to the particular tooth ; in the sets of forceps furnished the army
the particular forceps for each tooth is indicated on a card. For-
ceps of which the bite has a plain curve on each side are adapted
to teeth with a single root, such as the incisors and canines; those
of which the bite has a projection on the outer side are for the upper
molars, the projections being intended to fit between the outer roots;
and those with a projection on both sides are for the lower molars.

The gum should be separated from the neck of the tooth with
a lancet, and the forceps pushed down between the gum and the
tooth until they reach but do not grasp the border of the alveolus.
In order to avoid breaking off the crown, the pressure of the forceps
must be only sufficient to keep them from slipping. The tooth is
then loosened a little by a rotary motion for the incisors and canines,
and an inward and outward rocking motion for the other teeth,
and extracted by a steadily increasing pull as nearly as possible in
the direction of the axis of the tooth.

The head and jaw of the patient should be steadied by the left
arm and fingers of the operator.

Two kinds of electric batteries are usually furnished in the army
medical department; a galvanic or continuous-current battery, and
a faradic or interrupted-current apparatus ; sometimes the two are
combined.

To care for batteries properly it is necessary that their mechan-
ism should be studied. After use the elements or poles should



484 MINOR SURGERY

always be lifted out of the liquid, and care should be taken not to
spill the liquid in handling.

With dry-cell batteries it is only necessary to see that the circuit
is open when the battery is not in use, but electrodes should be
dried or wrapped in some protective before they are put away lest
they cause swelling of the box or rusting of the connections.

The essential parts of a galvanic battery are the cells which con-
tain the liquid, the elements which dip into the liquid, the cords
which conduct the electricity, and the electrodes, usually covered
with sponges, through which the electricity is applied; faradic bat-
teries have in addition a coil and an interrupter.

The sponges should be well moistened with water before use.

To exercise muscles in paralysis the faradic current is usually
given about ten minutes at a time. One of the moistened sponges
is placed at any part of the limb and the other is moved about with
a massaging motion ; the skin also should be well moistened.

The galvanic current is given as directed by the surgeon.



CHAPTER IV

ADHESIVE PLASTER, STRAPS AND STRAPPING

As many of the uses of adhesive plaster are so important, it is
thought best to devote a chapter of minor surgery to a detailed
consideration of its various applications.

To hold splints in place, especially in the upper extremity, it is
much superior to bandages, as it allows the fractured parts to "be




FIG. 262. Application of Adhesive-Plaster Strips to Retain Splints.

seen; for this purpose two or three strips about an inch wide are
used, and applied as shown in Fig. 262.

In the lower extremity webbing straps with buckles are better
than adhesive straps to hold the splints in position but the adhesive
plaster is used for purposes of extension in fractures of the thigh.
For this purpose there should be provided two strips of plaster,
each two inches wide and long enough to reach from the seat of the
fracture to the malleolus ; to each strip is sewed a webbing strap
of the same width as the paster and six inches long; three strips,
each an inch and a half wide and long enough to encircle the limb,

(485)



486 MINOR SURGERY

just above the malleoli, just above the knee, and just below the
fracture respectively; and two strips an inch and a half wide, and
long enough to encircle the limb spirally from just above the mal-
leoli to just below the fracture. After the limb has been washed,
shaved, and dried, the first two straps are applied to the middle of
each side of the limb from just below the fracture to the malleoli;
then the last two straps are applied spirally in opposite directions
to keep the first from slipping, and lastly the three remaining straps
are applied in a circular manner as indicated (Fig. 263). A band-
age is applied over all.

A spreader of wood, about two inches wide and sufficiently
long to clear the malleoli, is attached to the webbing straps; the




FIG. 263. Strapping for Extension in Fracture of the Thigh.

spreader has a hole in the middle through which passes a cord
which plays over a pulley ; to the outer end of the cord is attached
a weight.

In fractures of the ribs a broad swathe of plaster is used, wide
enough to extend about six inches on each side of the fracture and
long enough to reach three-fourths of the distance around the chest
(Fig. 264).

The patient standing or sitting, with his hands on top of his
head, one end of the swathe is fastened just over the spinal column ;
with the other end in his hands the surgeon walks around the patient
applying the swathe smoothly and very firmly. Or strips of plaster
about four inches wide may be used, each strip overlapping the pre-
vious one about one-third.

In fracture of the clavicle a Sayre dressing (Fig. 265) is espe-
cially useful in the field. Prepare three strips of plaster, each three
or four inches wide and long enough to go one and one-half times
around the body. Encircle the upper arm just above the middle
with a strip of bandage wider than the plaster; place a folded towel



ADHESIVE PLASTER, STRAPS AND STRAPPING 487

in the axilla, and a couple of layers of gauze sprinkled with talcum
wherever the skin surfaces would come in contact. Pin a loop of
one of the plaster strips, sticky side out, around the upper arm over
the bandage; then, while an assistant holds the shoulders back,
carry the other end of the strip across the back, under the sound
axilla, and over the front of the chest back to the starting point.
Now place the hand of the injured side on the sound shoulder; take




FIG. 264. Strapping the Chest for Fractured Ribs.

the second strip and, starting at the back 'of the sound shoulder,
carry it obliquely across the back, under the elbow of the injured
side, supporting it, and up over the the injured forearm and hand to
the starting point.

The third strip is carried circularly around the body holding the
arm to the side.

Where the second strip crosses the elbow a slit should be made
in the strip to secure the elbow, which must here be protected from
cutting by the edges of the plaster with a little cotton batting. Over
the whole a Velpeau bandage may be applied.



488



MINOR SURGERY



Strapping a sprained ankle has already been fully described,
page 90.

A swollen testicle after the acute inflammation has subsided is
best treated by strapping. The straps should be a half -inch wide
and ten or twelve inches long; the operator isolates the affected
testicle by encircling its upper part with the thumb and index fingers





FIG. 265. Sayre's Strapping for Fracture
of Collar-bone. Back view.



FIG. 2(6. Strapping the Testicle.



of the left hand, and replacing the encircling fingers with a strap
of plaster. He then covers the testicle with a series of recurrent
strips, and reenforces the latter by circular strips (Fig. 266).

To bring the edges of a wound together in the absence of sutures,
straps of plaster one-fourth to one-half an inch wide may be used.
As the plaster is not aseptic the wound itself must be protected
from contact with the plaster by a narrow strip of sterile gauze.

To remove plaster straps from a wound, both ends of the strap
must be detached simultaneously so as not to tear apart the edges
of the wound.

When a good deal of plaster has to be removed, especially if
the part is hairy, a little ether or alcohol should be dropped under
the edges of the plaster as it is raised ; this will cause it to come
away without any pulling. Any remaining plaster may be washed
off with ether or alcohol, and the skin then dusted with talcum.



INDEX



ABDUCTION, 49
Abscesses, 475
Acacia, 290
Acetabulum, 42
Acetanilid, 291
Acid, acetic, 291

boric, 291

citric, 291

gallic, 291

hydrochloric, 291

hydrocyanic, 291

nitric, 291

oxalic, 291

phosphoric, 292

salicylic, 292

sulphuric, 292
aromatic, 292

tannic, 292

tartaric, 292
Acids, mineral, 287

organic, 287
Active principles, 287
Acupuncture, 478
Adeps benzoatus, 292
Adrenalin chloride, 292
Admission of patients, 10
Advance group, 28

medical supply depot, 31
Administrative zones, 12
Adduction, 49
^des calopus, 356
Aids in horsemanship, 381
Aid stations, 22
Alcohol, 293

wood, 293

bath, 161
Alimentary principles, 62

canal, 63
Albuminates, 62
Alcoholism, 128
Alkalies, 288
Alkaloids, 287



Aloes, 293
Alum, 293
Ambulances, 417
Ambulance companies, 426
Ammonia water, 294

aromatic spirits, 294

bromide, 294

carbonate, 294

chloride, 294

nitrate, 294
Anaesthesia, 467

local, 467, 470
Anaesthetics, 288
Antitoxin, diptheria, 477
Ankle joint, 42
Anatomical neck, 44
Anthrax, 95
Antipyrin, 294
Antitoxins, 252
Antidotes, 137, 288
Anthelmintics, 288
Anodynes, 288
Antipyretics, 288
Antiseptics, 288
Astringents, 288
Apparatus, compressed air, 234

electric, 234

restraint, 234
steam sterilizing, 236

infusion, 236

blood pressure, 238
Apomorphine, 294
Apples, baked, 279
Apothecaries' weight, 324
Aquae, 318
Argyrol, 295
Arsenic, 295
Arachnoid, 55
Arteries, 74
Army regulations, 413
Artificial limbs, 425

respiration, 130

(489)



490



INDEX



Asafetida, 295
Aspidium, 295
Aspirin, 295
Astragalus, 42
Aseptic, 243
Atomizer, hand, 208
Autoclave, 245
Atropine sulphate, 295
Avoirdupois weight, 323

BACON, fried, 283
Balsam tolu, 310
Baking food, 268
Baker, 161
Bandaging, 185

rules for, 189
Bandage, plaster, 198

roller, 188

Scudder, 194
. tailed, 197

triangular, 185

Velpeau, 193
Bacteria, 200, 242
Bacilli, 242

Ball and socket joint, 41
Base group, 28

hospital, 29

medical supply depot, 30
Baths, alcohol, 161

Brandt, 160

electric light, 162

hot air and steam, 158

local, 162

sedative, 158

sponge, 157
Batteries, electric, 483
Bearer drill, 428
Bed-bugs, 145
Beds, fracture, 154

operative, 153
Bed-sores, 155
Beef broth, 274

juice, 273

scraped, 280

steak, broiled, 280

tea, 274



Belladonna extract, 296

plaster, 296
Belt web, 241
Bismuth, subgallate, 2$j

subnitrate, 296
Bistoury, 208
Biers' cups, 172
Bile, 67

Blanc mange, 281
Bladder, urinary, 86
Blisters, 173
Blood, 71

specimens, 479
Blue mass, 302

ointment, 302
Boiling, food, 267
Boils, 474
Bone, 37
Bottle drop, 238
Bougie, 208, 319

a boule, 208

filiform, 208
Brain, 53

Brass, to clean, 144
Bread making, 268
Broiling, 268
Broth, chicken, 274

clam, 275
Bronchi, 81
Brown mixture, 300
Buchu, fluidextract, 296
Burns, 123
Bridle, to, 377

CAFFEIN, citrate, 296

Calcium, precipitated phosphate of,

296

Calomel, 301
Callus, no
Camphor, 296

and opium pills, 256
Camps, 364

concentration, 17

hospitals, 17

infirmaries, 23
Cantharides, plaster, 297
Capsicum, 297



INDEX



491



Carbuncle, 475

Carbolic acid, 305

Cardamoni composita tirictura, 297

Carminatives, 288

Carpus, 44, 45

Caries, 38

Cartilage, 38

Cascara sagrada, fluidextract of, 307

tablets, 307
Case operating, 238

emergency, 240
Cataplasma, 319
Catheterization, 167, 481
Catheter, 208
Catlin, 208
Caustic holder, 208
Cautery, Paquelin, 173
Cement, 46
Cerata, 318

rosini, 297
Cerebellum, 55

Cerebrospinal meningitis, 254
Cerebrum, 53
Cesspools, 349
Chalk, prepared, 299
Chafing, 366
Chancroid, 255
Chartae, 318
Chartulae, 319

Cheyne Stokes respiration, 178
Chicken, minced, 280

stewed, 280
Chilblain, 125
Chloral hydrate, 297
Chloroform, 297

administration of, 409
Chocolate, 281
Cholera, 254
Chromic acid, 297
Chrysarobin, 297
Chyle, 63
Chyme, 67

Cinchona, compound tincture of, 297
Clamps, pile, 210.

towel, 2rio
Clap, 368



Clavicle, 45

fracture of, 486
Clean floors, 144

metals, 144

porcelain, 144
Clerical work, 459
Cocaine, hydrochloride, 297
Codeine sulphate, 298
Colchicum seed, fluidextract of, 298
Colodion, 298, 318
Copaiba, 298
Capillaries, 75
Colation, 316
Coffee, 273
Cold pack, 160
Collars, horse, 407
Colics' fracture, 44
Collyrium, 319
Colon, 65

Color blindness, 60
Combat, duties in, 20
Compounding, 334
Compound cathartic pills, 306
Compression of the brain, 127
Compresses, cold, 171
Concentration camps, 17
Concussion of the brain, 126
Condyles, 41, 44
Conjunctiva, 59
Connective tissue, 50, 148
Contagious, 200

Contagious diseases in hospital, 29
Contusion, 90
Convalescent camps, 29
Convolutions, 52
Cooking, 266
Cooler, prostatic, 210
Copper arsenite, 299
Cornea, 59

Correspondence, records, 465
Cotton, 367
Counter irritants, 171
Crematories, 352
Cresol, 298

compound solution of, 299, 303
Creosote, carbonate, 298
Crystalline lens, 59



492



INDEX



Cubeb, 299
Cups, dry, 172
Biers', 172
Curette, 208
Custard, baked, 276
Cuticle, 50
Cutting shears, 210

DARNALL filter, 341
Death, signs of, 151
Decantation, 316
Decoctions, 313, 318
Dentine, 46
Derma, 50
Desiccation, 317
Diagnosis tags, 240, 255
Diaphragm, 50
Diaphoretics, 288
Diets, full or house, 263

liquid, 263

light, 263

special, 263

serving of, 148
Digitalin, 299
Digitalis, tincture of, 299
Diphtheria, antitoxin, 477
Director, 212

Discipline, instruction in, 427
Disease, prevention of, 355
Disinfectants, 289
Disinfection of the hands, 249

rooms, 206

tents, 207

Dislocations, 41, 103
Dismount, to, 380
Dispensary management, 435
Dispensatory, 311
Distillation, 316, 317
Diuretics, 289
Divulsor, urethral, 212
Douche, eye, 166

nasal, 166

spinal, 166

Drainage of wounds, 249
Dressings, dry, 245

wet, 245

sterilizing, 246
Drill, bone, 212



Driving, 393, 398

four in hand, 401
Drowning, 134
Duties of the medical department, 13

noncommissioned officers, 16
Dura mater, 57
Dyspnoea, 178
Dysentery, 254, 361

EAR, 58

Effects of patients, 431

Egg and sherry, 273

lemonade, 273

nog, 272

omelet, 275

poached, 275

soft cooked, 275
Electric batteries, 483

light baths, 162

shock, 127
Elixirs, 318
Emetics, 289
Emplastra, 318
Empyema, 478
Emulsions, 318, 320
Enamel, 6
Enema, 319

Endoscope, urethral, 212
Enlisted personnel, medical depart-
ment, classification of, 3

uniform of, 6
Epsom salts, 303
Epilepsy, 128
Eruptive fevers, 361
Erythrocytes, 71
Erysipelas, 257
Ergot, fluidextract, 299
Ergotine, 299

Emetine, hydrochloride, 299
Essentia, 319
Ether, 293

administration of, 468

compound spirits, 293

spirits of nitrous, 293
Ethyl chloride, 293
Eucaine, 299
Eucalyptol, 299
Evacuation ambulance company, 33



INDEX



493



Evacuation hospital, 33
Expectorants, 289
Extension, 50
Extractca, 318
Eye, 59

douche, 166

FAINTING, 126
Fats, 61

Feeding, 385, 406
Felon, 475
Femur, 40, 41
Fevers, 177
Field desk, 241
Field hospitals, 24, 426
Fibula, 41
Filtration, 316
Flexion, 50
Fluidextracts, 318
Fomentation, 170
Foot powder, 300
Foot soreness, 365
Formalin, 303
Fowler's solution, 306
Foramen magnum, 45
Foreign bodies, eye, 119

ear, 120

nose, 120

throat, 121

skin, 121
Formaldehyde, 201

gas, 201
Forceps, bone holding, 214

bullet, 212

dental, 212

dissecting, 214

dressing, 214

ear, 214

gouge, 216

haemostatic, 216

Liston's bone, 216

mouse tooth, 216

nasal, 214

needle holder, 216

sequestrum, 218

sterilizer, 214

tenaculum, 228

tongue, 216



Fractures, 108

clavicle, 486

ribs, 486
Freezing, general, 124

local, 125
Frost bite, 125
Frontal bone, 45

sinuses, 45
Fruit, stewed, 278
Frying, 268
Fund, hospital, 436
Furuncle, 474

GAG, mouth, 218

Gall-bladder, 66

Garrison and field service, 417

Gastric juice, 66

Gauze sponges, 246

General hospitals, 420

Gentian compound tincture, 300

Ginger, fluidextract, 310

Glenoid cavity, 45

Gloves, rubber, 250

Glycerin, 300

Glyce rites, 318

Gonorrhea, 255

Gram, 324

Grilling, 268

Grooming, 384

Gruel, farina, 271

hard bread, 272

rice, 271

Guaiac ammoniated tincture, 301
Guaiacol carbonate, 301

HAMAMELIS leaves, fluidextract, 301
Harness, 355, 410

to fit, 396
Hearing, 60
Heart, 75
Head mirror, 318
Heat, use of in pharmacy, 311

exhaustion, 123
Heating, hot water, 346

steam, 347
Hemorrhage, arterial, 97

venous, 96
Hernia, 482



494



INDEX



Heroin hydrochloride, 301

Hinged joints, 41

Hitch, to, 398

Homatropine hydrobromide, 301

Hoffman's anodyne, 293

Horse, care of, 388

equipment, 372
Horsehair, sutures, 251
Hospital buildings, 423

clothing, 433

Corps, instruction of, 427

field, 426

fund, 436

general, 420

matrons, 437

services of, 420, 430

ships, 18

trains, 17
Hydrargyrum chloridum corrosivum

301

Hydrastis, fluidextract, 302
Hygiene, personal, 367
Hypodermic syringe, use of, 150
Hypnotics, 289
Hyoscine, hydrobromide, 302
Hyoscyamus, extract, 302

compound pills, 302

ICE bag, 171

for hospitals, 437

water, coil, 171
Icthyol, 302
Ilium, 40

Incompatibility, 335
Infection and disinfection, 200
Infected property, 433
Inferior maxillary bone, 46
Inflammation, 92
Inflator, Politzer, 218
Influenza, 256
Infusions, 313, 318

saline, 476
Inhaler, chloroform, 2l8

ether, 218

Innominate bone, 40
Insect powder, 302
Insignia of sanitary personnel, etc., 14



Instruction, winter course, 428

in the field, 430
Instruments and appliances, 218

sterilizing, 246

cleaning, 250
Insolation, 122
Intermediate group, 28
Intestine, large, 65

small, 65
Iodine, 302
lodoform, 302

gauze, 246
Ipecac and opium powder, 302

fluidextract, 303

powdered, 302
Irrigation, 165

of the bladder, 168
Iron and quinine citrate, 299

compound pills, 300

dried sulphate, 300

reduced, 300

soluble phosphate, 300

syrup of iodide, 300

tincture of chloride, 299
Ischium, 40

JELLY, coffee, 278

wine, 278
Joint, 40
Junket, 211

KIDNEYS, 85

Knives, amputating, 220

tenotomy, 220
Koumyss, 272

LABORATORIES, Department, 442
Lachrymal probes, 220

styles, 220
Lancet, 220
Lanolin, 292
Lard, benzoated, 292
Larynx, 81
Latin words, 332
Laundry, hospital, 438
Lavage tube, rectum, 220

stomach, 220



INDEX



495



Lemonade, 272
Leucocytes, 71
Lice, 366
Licorice, extract, 300

compound mixture, 300

compound powder, 300
Ligatures, sterilizing, 247
Lightning stroke, 127
Ligaments, 41
Lime, 296

chlorinated, 296
Linen, 367
Liniments, 318
Line of communication, 27
Liquors, 318
Liquor creosotis compound, 303

formaldehyde, 303
Liver, 66
Liter, 324
Lithium carbonate, 303

effervescing citrate, 303
Lunar caustic, 479
Lymphatics, 68, 70
Lycopodium, 303
Lyster's sterilizing bag, 338

MAGNESIUM carbonate, 302

oxide, 303

sulphate, 303
Malaria, 254

prevention of, 254
Malarial fever, 355, 357
Master hospital sergeants, appoint-
ment of, 3
Materia medica, 287
Matrons, hospital, 437
Measles, 256

Measures, approximate, 285
Mechanical subdivision of drugs, 317
Medical attendance, 424, 431

supplies, 425
Medicines, giving of, 149. 289

dosage, 289



Medulla oblongata, 55

Meninges, 55

Menstruum, 312

Menthol, 303

Mercury corrosive chloride, 301

mass, 302

ointment, 302

ointment of nitrate, 302

oleate, 302

salicylate, 302

yellow oxide, 301, 302
Mesentery, 67
Mess management, 259, 433
Metric system, 324
Metacarpal bones, 45
Metatarsal bones, 42
Milk, albuminized, 270

peptonized, 270

porridge, 277

punch, 270

sterilized, 270
Micrococci, 242
Mineral acids, 287
Minor surgery, 467, 472
Mixtures, 318
Mobilization camps, 17
Morphine sulphate, 303
Mosquitoes, anopheles, 356

aedes calopus, 356
culex, 356

Mount, to, 378, 381, 382
Mucous membranes, 50
Mumps, 256
Muscles, 48

sterno-mastoid, 50
biceps, 50
Myrrh, tincture, 304

NAPHTHALENE, 304
Narcotics, 289
Nasal bones, 45
douche, 166



496



INDEX



National formulary, 311

Necrosis, 40

Needle, aneurism, 220

surgical, 220
Neosalvarsan, 304, 477
Neutral principles, 287
Nerves, brachial plexus, 56

cranial, 58

dorsal, 56

lumbar, 56

motor, 57

sacral, 56

sensory, 57

phrenic, 56
Normal saline solution, 248

tablets, 304
Nose-bleed, 96
Nux vomica, tincture, 304

OATMEAL porridge, 276
Objects of medical department ad-
ministration, 12
Occipital bone, 45
Oesophagus, 63
Officer of the day, 439
Oil, castor, 304

cloves, 304

cod liver, 304

cotton seed, 304

croton, 305

gaultheria, 304

orange peel, 304

peppermint, 304

santol, 305

theobroma, 305

turpentine, 305

wintergreen, 304
Oils, essential, 288

fixed, 288

volatile, 288
Ointments, 322
Olecranon, 44
Oleoresine, 318
Omentum, 65
Operating room, 245
Operations, minor, 472

after care, 244



Opium, compound tincture of, 305

poisoning, 129
Optic nerve, 60
Orangeade, 272
Organic acids, 287
Organization in war, 15

PACK saddle and packing, 389
Palate, 63
Pancreas, 66
Pancreatic juice, 67
Pancreatin, 305
Paraplegia, 58
Parietal bone, 45
Patients' effects, 431

public property, 432
Patella, 41
Pelvis, 40
Pepper, 305

Peptonizing tablets, 305
Periosteotome, 220
Percolation, 313
Periosteum, 40
Peroxide solution, 295
Personal hygiene, 367
Personnel of the sanitary service, 13
Petrolatum, 305

liquid, 305
Phalanges, 42
Pharmacy, 287, 311
Pharmacopoea, 34
Phenacetin, 291
Phenol, 305
Phenolphthalein, 306
Physostigmine sulphate, 306



Online LibraryCharles Field MasonA complete handbook for the sanitary troops of the U. S. army and navy and national guard and naval militia → online text (page 37 of 38)