Charles Francis Massy Sir Lepel Henry Griffin.

The Panjab chiefs: historical and biographical notices of the ..., Volume 2 online

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Online LibraryCharles Francis Massy Sir Lepel Henry GriffinThe Panjab chiefs: historical and biographical notices of the ..., Volume 2 → online text (page 13 of 29)
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been more unfortunate than criminal. It is certain that
when Mr. Vans Agnew first arrived at Multan the Diwan
had no intention of rebelling. Had such been his design he
would not have resigned his charge or have given over the
fort. It is equally certain that the first attack on the
British officers was without the Diwan's privity or consent.
That attack was either an outburst of fanatical hatred on the
part of the Mahomedan soldiery, who saw the fort in which
they took so much pride passing into the hands of strangers,
or it was instigated by some of the Diwan's officers who wished
to compromise him and compel him to rebel. It is probable
that he was under restraint and unable to command the
obedience of his soldiers when the Idgah was assaulted and
the English officers slain. At no time, from that fatal day
till the arrival of the British army before Multan, could the
Diwan, with any safety to hinfiself, have proposed terms of
submission or have sued for pardon. He was surrounded by
relatives, friends and troops who depended upon him for
place and wealth and power, and who saw in a new Governor
nothing but ruin to themselves. They determined to force
Mulraj to rebel ; for his victory would enrich them, and his
defeat could not be more injurious to them than his resignation.
Diwan Mulraj was not an amiable charactisr. He was mean,
grasping, suspicious and vacillating. But the crimes of cold«

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blooded murder and of premeditated rebellion cannot, witb
any justice, be laid to his charge.

The Diwan left one son, Hari Singh, bom in 1848, who
was educated in the Grovemment College at Lahore. He is in
receipt of a life allowance of Es. 1,500 per annum, and is
employed as an Extra Assistant CommissioDer in the Panjab
on a salary of Bs. 4,800 per annum. His imcles, Ilam Singh
and Narain Singh, enjoy each a pension of Bs. 400 per annum.
The other members of this branch of the family are engaged
in trade. They are all exceedingly wealthy, and most of them
are locally known for their profuse hospitality and charity.

Karam Narain, the third son of Sawan Mai, served as
his Lieutenant in the Leiah district, carrying on its civil duties,
and at the same time holding military command in the cele-
brated fort of Mankera. He was much beloved by the people
for his kindness and impartiality. After Sawan Mai's death
Karam Narain did not get on at all well with his brother
Mulraj, who in 1847 imprisoned him in his own house. For
two months he remained in confinement, and was then allowed
to leave Multan with his share of the property left by Sawan
Mai, amounting to more than ten lakhs of rupees. He
settled at Akalgarh, where he still resides, and was in no way
party to his brother's rebellion. He holds a pension of
Rs. 400 per annum.

Some mention may be made of the senior branch of the
family, descendants of Nanak Chand, eldest brother of Diwan
Sawan Mai. His grandson, Diwan Ram Chand, was a
Viceregal Darbari of the Gujranwala district. He took up
his abode in Banares some years ago, and died there in 1888.
He was conspicuous for his liberal donations to charitable in-
stitutions. On tanks, temples and sarais he expended over a
lakh of rupees during the last few years of his life ; and to a
Jubilee Memorial of Her Majesty at Banares he subscribed fifty
thousand rupees. His annual allowance of Rs. 2|400 lapsed

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to Goveniinent on his death. Of his four sons, the eldest,
Dariai Mai, is a member of the Gujranwala District Board
and of the Municipal Committee of Akalgarh. He has been
recommended for a seat in Viceregal Darbars in succession to
his father.

Ram Samp, son of Gurmukh Rai, second brother of
Diwan Sawan Mai, turned Mahomedan some years ago and
was disowned by the family. His brother Davi Dayal, who
died in 1876, was an Honorary Magistrate of Akalgarh, and
received an allowance of Rs. 2,300 annually. His youngest son,
Sant Ram, is a Munsif in the Sialkot district. Davi Dayal's
grandson Manohar Lai, representing this branch of the family,
has a seat in Provincial Darbars.

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D. ires.



Hukam Badh
Sinfrh Bingh
s. 1880. D. 1&6.


Gopal Sham
Singh Singh
B. 1857. B. 1866.








Mol Singh



Pahar Singh
s. 181S.

Hari Singh
n. 1821.

Col. Jagat







1. 1880.


Son, an influit. not
yet named.



Batan Bhaghel
Singh Singh
D. 1860. 1. 1857.


Nahal Golab

Singh Singh

1. 1. 1888.

Hlra Singh

Onrbakhfih Bhagwan
Singh Singh

B. \m. B. 1874.




B. 1866.

Bai Man Singh
B. 18M,


Lai Singh
B. 1860.







B. ]§ia.


Paritam Singh

Balwaat Singh
B. 1888.

Ikbal Haidayal 5?^

Singh Singh »oty«t

1.1868. 1.1866. nwned.



BAfAVT Snros

Hira Singh

Biohpal Singh













Basakha Singh

Cesar Singh

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The Jats of the Panjab are divided into some ninety tribes
with numberless subdivisions. Of these, the three oldest,
and from whom many of the others have descended, are the
tribes Man, Her and Bhular. It is not known with any
certainty when the ancestors of the Man Jats emigrated to
the Panjab. They were originally Rajputs and inhabited the
coimtry about Dehli, and to this day, near Jaipur, Thakar
Man Rajputs are to be foimd.

Of this tribe and caste are many families, distinguished
in Panjab history. There is the Amritsar family of Manan-
wala ; the Gujranwala family of Moghalchak ; while to
another branch Kahan Singh Man, of Multan celebrity, and
his gallant cousin Bhag Singh belonged. Chief of the
Ramnagar branch was Sardar Desa Singh Man, Kardar of
the Ramnagar pargana, whose great-grandson, Ganda Singh,
the only representative of the family, is living in great
poverty at Amritsar. Of the Man blood, also, are the once
powerful houses of Bhaga and Malwa, now represented by
Sardar Bhup Singh Dabanwala and Sardar Sarup Singh

Lada, the foimder of the Moghalchak family, left Dehli in
the year of a great drought and famine, and settled in the
coimtry near Gujranwala, where he founded the little village
of Man, and was made headman over a circle of twenty-two
villages. This oflBce of Chaudhri remained in the family
for many generations, till the decline of the Mahomedan
power. Nika, the fourth in descent from Lada, foimded the
village of Nika Man ; but this soon passed out of his hands
on account of a failure to meet the Government demand, and
Mir Hamza, Governor of Imanabad, gave it to his brother
Mirza Kila, who destroyed it and built hard by a new
village which he called Moghalchak. This village the Man
family purchased later from the descendants of Mirza Kila,
and here they now reside. Sarja Singh is said to have been a

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follower of Sardar Charat Singh Snkarchakia ; but little is
known about him. He died in 1763 leaving four sons, Jai
Singh, Mana Singh, Nar Singh and Pahar Singh.

Pabar Singh, though the youngest of the brothers, will
be more conveniently treated of first, as he was the most dis-
tinguished ; and it was in a great measure through his assist-
ance that his brothers rose in the world. He entered Charat
Singh's service as a trooper, but soon distinguished himself for
energy and courage ; obtained a grant of the four villages,
Jokian, Ealar, Sal and Takuan, worth Bs. 3,377, and assimied
the title of Sardar. Under Sardar Mahan Singh Snkarchakia
his influence steadily increased, and be obtained Bs. 11,000
of additional jagirs near Ramnagar. He showed great
gallantry in the many campaigns against the Chatas,
and under Banjit Singh he' served at Attook, Baisa and
elsewhere. At the time of his death, in 1813, his jagirs
amounted to upwards of two lakhs of rupees, subject to the
service of five hundred horse, two guns, and seven zamburas or
oamel swivels.

Pahar Singh left one son, Hari Singh, a minor, and Sardar
Hukma Singh Chimni was appointed his guardian. Bs. 47,000
of his father's jagirs were released to him, subject to the service
of one hundred and twenty-five horse ; and when he became old
enough to enter the army he was placed under Misar Diwan
Chand, with whom he served at Bannu and Multan. He died
of paralysis in 1821, being only twenty-two years of age. His
two sons, Jagat Singh and Partab Singh, were at their
father's death infants, and the jagirs were consequently re-
sumed, with the exception of Bs. 5,200, subject to the service
of thirteen horsemen. In 1843 Jagat Singh was appointed
orderly officer of Baja Hira Singh, and Partab Singh was
made commandant in the Miwiwala regiment. Under the
Darbar, Jagat Singh was colonel of a caVaJry regiment which
formed part of Maharaja Dalip Singh's body-glia^d, and during

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the distnrbances of 1848-49 he with his troops remained
faithful to Qovemment.

Jagat Singh died in 1860 leaving two sons, Nahal Singh
and Narain Singh, aged, respectively, twenty-two and thirteen
years at the time of his death. Jagat Singh was in the
enjoyment of jagirs worth Rs. 4,000. Of these a portion have
been resumed ; and his sons held in perpetuity Bs. 1,079, being
the Mauza of Kalar and a share of Moghalchak in the
Gujranwala district. Sardar Nahal Singh met with his death
under melancholy circumstances in 1889. He was murdered out
of revenge for having been instrumental in getting a man of
bad character placed imder security by the District Magistrate.
The surety was called upon to pay the amount for which he
had become responsible ; and attributing his evil fortune to
the Sardar, murdered him almost within siglit of his own
village of Jokian, and then proceeded to the Sardar's house
and murdered his innocent wife also.

Nal Singh was a Misaldar of the Sukarchakia Confederacy,
and fought under Mahan Singh at Manchar and Akalgarh.
He died young, and his three sons received allowances to the
amount of Bis. 3,500 out of his jagirs. When Batan Singh
grew up he was made adjutant in the Miwiwala regiment,
and received estates in Qujranwala and Gurdaspur to the
value of Bs. 1,200. He accompanied Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa
to Kashmir, and was in 1820 very severely wounded at
MaQgli in the Kashmir hills, where Hari Singh was reducing
a strong fort defended by the mountaineers. For his services
on this occasion he received a grant of Kharak in Gujranwala
and the command of a regiment. His brother Bhaghel Singh
about this time was made adjutant in Dhonkal Singh's
regiment. Under Maharaja Kharak Singh, Batan Singh
was sent with the force of Sardar Sham Singh to Kulu and
Mandi, where he was engaged for nearly two years in
reducing the hill tribes to obedience. He was created a

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(General by Sardar Jawahir Singh, and Kila Desa
Singh and Naushera were given him in jagir. Bhaghel
Singh was in 1845 made commandant in his old regiment.
Ratan Singh fought throughout the Satlaj Campaign, and
soon after its close he was reduced to the rank of colonel,
and his jagirs were reduced to Rs. 5,000 with Rs. 1,000, free
of service. He was serving at Peshawar in October 1848,
when the troops there mutinied. Major G. Lawrence spoke
well of him, and he appears to have done his best to bring
the mutineers to a sense of their duty, till the tide of rebellion
became so strong that he was himself carried away by it.
His son Sant Singh, then thirty years old, also joined the
rebels and fought throughout the campaign of 1848-49.
Bhaghel Singh, who accompanied Edwardes to Multan,
stood firm ; but died early in 1849 at Hanad in the
Dera Ismail Khan district. After annexation the jagirs
of Ratan Singh were resumed ; but he received a pension of
Rs. 1,080, which lapsed at his death in 1857. Sant Singh
is in receipt of a pension of Rs. 72, and also holds a share in
Mauza Moghalchak. Gidab Singh, third son of Ratan
Singh, is a convert to Mahomedanism, and is not acknowledged
by his family.

Jai Singh married his daughter Mai Man to Mahan
Singh Sukarchakia ; and although this lady bore no children,
yet the alliance very materially helped to build up the family
fortunes. Under Ranjit Singh the family was very powerful,
and at one time there were no less than twenty-two members
of it holding military appointments of trust and honour.
Sardar Jai Singh died young, but his sons were confirmed in
possession of their father's estates. Diwan Singh did not long
survive his father, andMahar Singh, the second son, was killed
in Kashmir in 1814. Jodh Singh accompanied the Maharaja
on many of his campaigns. At the rebellion of 1848-49 Jodh
Singh, who was a colonel with jagirs worth Rs. 7,550, joined

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the rebels with his nephew Jamiat Singh, but returned to
Lahore before the end of the campaign. The jagirs of this
branch of the family were resumed after annexation. Jodh
Singh was allowed a pension of Rs. 720, which he still holds.

Fateh Singh, son of Sardar Diwan Singh, was originally
one of Ranjit Singh's orderlies. He was made adjutant of
artillery, and under Sardar Jawahir Singh commandant.
After the Satlaj Campaign Raja Lai Singh appointed him
commandant in his cousin Budh Singh's regiment on Rs. 1,800
a month. He was with his cousin during the disturbances of
1848, and joined Captain Nicholson at the same time with him.
One-third of his salary of Rs. 1,800 was granted to him for
life. In 1862 he was appointed Honorary Magistrate at

Sardar Fateh Singh died in 1887. This branch of
the family is represented by his brother Jamiat Singh, a
Viceregal Darbari, a Zaildar of his circle and a member of
the Gujranwala Municipal Committee. He enjoys an income
from land and pension amounting to about Rs. 2,600 per
annum. Of his three sons, Karpal Singh began life in
Probyn's Horse, went through a course of engineering at
Rurki, and was appointed an Overseer in the Irrigation
Branch of the Public Works. He served the Kapurthala
State for seven years as an Assistant Engineer, and has been
employed on the Patiala-Bhatinda Railway. He has managed
to acquire considerable wealth, and his income from lands, in
which he has recently invested, brings in over Rs. 7,000 per
annum. The second son, GopsX Singh, is a Deputy In-
spector of Police. The third, Ganga Singh, serves as a Dafadar
in the 11th Bengal Lancers. Jamiat Singh is in possession
of many excellent testimonials proving his willingness to
assist the local authorities on all occasions.

Of Sardar Fateh Singh's four sons, the eldest, Jawala
Singh, was killed in the Mutiny, as already recorded • Basant

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Singh, the second son, is Zaildar of Moghalchak, Lambardar
of Man, and a member of the Gujranwala District Board.
He has been recommended for a seat m Darbar in succession
to his deceased father. He served in the Police for some
years. Hira Singh, third sod, began life in the Police> and
then joined the 16th Bengal Cavalry. He is now at home.
The fourth son, Sardar Bichpal Singb, is a Rasaldar in the
13th Bengal Cavalry, and has done good service, having
been with his regiment throughout the Egyptian Campaign
of 1882.

Anup Singh, the eldest son of Jodh Siogh, entered the 1st
Sikh Irregular Cavalry, afterwards known as Probyn's
Horse, when it was first raised in August 1857, under the
orders of Sir John Lawrence. After the fall of Dehli, Anup
Singh accompanied the regiment to Oudh, and was present
at the capture of Lucknow in March 1858. He served
through the whole of the Baiswara Campaign in the hot
weather of 1858, and in the spring of 1859 in the Trans*
(}ogra Campaign. Where the fighting was the sharpest
the Ist Sikhs were always to be found ; and among many
brave men Anup Singh distinguished himself for his cool and
determined courage. During the Hindustan Campaign he
was four times wounded, and had three horses wounded under
him. In January 1860 he volunteered for China with his
regiment, and served with great credit throughout the
campaign. He was again wounded, and his horse was again
wounded under him.

The regiment was present with the force during the
later disturbances on the North-West Frontier; and on one
occasion, when it was engaged with the Bonairs at Ambeyla^
Anup Singh particularly distinguished himself, and was very
severely wounded in single combat with one of the enemy.
He has twice received the Order of Valour for bravery in the
field, and was granted a jagir of Bs. 500 per aimum. The

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serrioes of Anup Sipgli deserve especial notice. He was one
of the finest native ofl&cers in the army, of undoubted loyalty^
of conspicuous bravery, and a worthy representative of the
old and gallant family to which he belongs. He died in
1885, leaving no sons. Gurbakhsh Singh, his younger
brother, was allowed by the Oommander-in Chief, in compli-
ment to Anup Singh, to enter his brother's regiment when
only ten years of age.

Sher Singh's second son, Qanda Singh, was killed in
the Mutiny while serving in Probyn's Horse. One of his
sons, Bahadar Singh, is now a Dafadar in his father's old
regiment; the other, Sundar Singh, is a sergeant in the
Burmah Police. Gurbakhsh Singh has retired on pension. He
is a Viceregal Darbari, and has succeeded to Anup Singh's
jagir, valued at Bs. 900 per annum. He is Zaildar of Karial
and Ala Lambardar of Moghalchak ; and he owns six villages
in the Lahore and Gujranwala districts, yielding about Bs.
6,000 per annum.

Gurdit Singh, son of Sher Singh, also enUsted in
Probyn's Horse hx 1857, and served with the corps till its
return from China in 1861. He then took his discharge, and is
at present living at Gujranwala. Jawala Singh, son of Fateh
Singh, entered the regiment with Anup Singh, and was killed
in action at Nawabganj in 1858.

Mana Singh, like his other brothers, was a subordinate
Chief in the following of Sardar Mahan Singh Sukarchakia,
from whom he received the estates of Pindori Eodan, Pindori
Khurd and others. On his death in 1807, his eldest son,
Sada Singh, succeeded to all his jagirs and to the command
of the contingent. This young man distinguished himself in
the Eaishmir Campaign, where he was four times wounded,
and received for his services a share in the Manawar Ilaka,
worth Bs. 12,000. Sada Singh died childless, and Manawar,
W'th other of his jagirs, was resumed; but his brother Amir

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Singh, the handsomest man in the Ehalsa army, was made a
General, and large estates were granted to him. The third
son, Sham Singh, was created a colonel on Bs. 5,000 per
annum, and Hukam Singh a commandant. In 1840 Ami r
Singh died without issue, and his jagir of Rs. 11,000 was
assigned to his brother Budh Singh with the rank of
General. Amir Singh's corps, consisting of four infantry
regiments, one cavalry regiment and two troops of artillery,
was also placed under his command. Budh Singh had at this
time been twenty-four years in the Sikh army. He had first
entered it in 1816 as an orderly of the Maharaja on
Bs. 3,800 per annum, and this post he had held for five years.
He had then, on his brother Sada Singh's death, received
command of thirty horsemen, with a jagir of Bs. 17,000, and
after this had been commandant and colonel in General
Court's brigade on Bs. 4,015. Under Maharaja Sher Singh
his emoluments were reduced ; for he was brother-in-law of
Sardar Atar Singh Sindhanwalia, and Sher Singh's policy at
the commencement of his reign was to destroy the power of
the Sindhanwalia house.

Budh Singh served throughout the Satlaj Campaign,
and shortly after its close he was reduced to the rank of a
colonel in the Man battalion and sent with Sher Singh's
brigade to assist Maharaja Gulab Singh in subduing the
rebellion in the Hazara hills. He behaved admirably on this
occasion, and in 1847 was of great service to Major Nicholson
at Gandgarh, and later in the year to Major Abbott in the
Dhund moimtains, where he and his men encamped in the
snow for many days without a murmur. When the
Multan rebellion broke out, Budh Singh was stationed at
Hasan Abdal with his corps. Every effort was made by the,
insurgents to seduce him, by false accounts of the confiscation
of his jagirs, by promises and by threats, but he stood findi ;
and when his men^ in spite of aU efforts, went over to Sardar

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Chatar Singh, he left them and joined Nicholson with
only his horse and his sword. He fought gallantly under
that officer against the rebels in the Margala Pass, where he
was severely wounded in the head, and it was found
necessary to send him to Peshawar, where he was afterwards
captured by the Sikhs and kept under arrest until the battle
of Gujrat, when he regained his freedom, Budh Singh was
almost the ouly Sikh leader who remained sincerely on the
side of the British at that critical time. There were some
able men who stood by the British because they saw that
they would eventually win ; there were others who were
faithful through hatred to the house of Atari. But Budh
Singh's honesty did not depend upon political calculations.
The Panjab proverb says, " The Man Sardars are gallant,
handsome and true ''; and Budh Singh upheld the fame of
his house. He was idolized by the army, and the estimation
in which he was held is seen by the efforts made by the rebels
to induce him to join them. But though his friends and
relations were in the rebel ranks, though by loyalty he
risked his life, his fortune and his reputation, yet he remained
faithful to the end.

On the return of peace his jagirs, amounting to Rs.
6,340, were confirmed to him for life, and Rs. 1,040
were released to his male heirs in perpetuity. Rai Man
Singh, the only surviving son of this loyal old Chief,
who died in 1856, had always suffered from deafness, and
never, therefore, sought a public career. He lives the life of a
country gentleman at Manawala in the Raya Tahsil of
Sialkot, and, in spite of his infirmities, leads an active life.
His jagirs yield about Rs. 1,200 per annum.

Sham Singh, brother of Budh Singh, died in 1843,
leaving one son, Lahna Singh, who succeeded to the command
of his father's regiment. He joined the rebels in 1848,
and his jagirs were consequently resumed. He received

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a pension of Bs. 60 a month. He died in 1881. One
of his sonsi Shabdeo Singh, is a Dafadar in the 3rd
Fanjab Cavalry. He and his brother Sukha Singh are joint
owners of about four thousand acres of culturable land in
Gujranwala^ yielding an income of about Bs. 400 per annum.
The family have not taken kindly to education ; but they
are manly, and inherit to the full the soldierly traditions of
their fathers.

Digitized by VjOOQIC






Dava Singlu

». 18M.


a Jodb Singh Daughter. Kahan Singh Ganda Singh Sabsab
11.1864. I 9.1669. s.iaH. KavSivm.

Tir Singh

Kartar Singh
B, 1871. ^




Karam Singh.
Sham Singh

gh. Waair

Singh. Sher Singh.

Saidni Singh.






DalS^h Gulab Singh Kall^ngh

9* "^WW» S. XW/a B. lOtW*

Bant Singh

Haidift Singh

Snndar Singh
B. 18787^

labh Singh
8. 1871.

Panjab Singh





Hatha Singh
B. 18667^

Param Singh


Snndar Singh Snijan

Online LibraryCharles Francis Massy Sir Lepel Henry GriffinThe Panjab chiefs: historical and biographical notices of the ..., Volume 2 → online text (page 13 of 29)