Charles Francis Massy Sir Lepel Henry Griffin.

The Panjab chiefs: historical and biographical notices of the ..., Volume 2 online

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B. 1881. 8i]4rh


The village of Ruriala in the Gujranwala district is stated
to have been founded by Chaudhri Tej, an ancestor of Sardar
Jodh Singh. It is certain that the family had long lived
in the village and had for some time held the OhaudhriaU
About the year 1759 Bhagat Singh became a Sikh, and
having married his daughter Davi to the powerful Chief Gujar
Singh Bhangi obtained a grant of the village of Ruriala, free
of service, from him. Gujar Singh also took the young
Sava Singh and Dava Singh into his service, and gave them
the jagu- of Naushera in the Gujrat district, which was held
by the brothers in joint possession till the death of Sava
Singh, who was killed in battle ; and the jagir was resiuned
by Sahib Singh, son of Gujar Singh, who had succeeded his
father in the command of the Bhangi Misal. Two villages of

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the jagir were, however, left to Dava Singh, and the ancestral
village of Buriala. Jodh Singh entered the force of Sardar
Jodh Singh Sowrianwala, who had married his cousin in the
year 1813, when a boy of fifteen. He served with the
Sardar's Ghorcharas till 1 825, when, on the death of Sardar
Amir Singh, the jagir was resumed by the Maharaja and the
irregular troops placed under the command of Prince Sher

In 1831 Jodb Singh accompanied the Prince in his
successful campaign against Sayad Ahmad Khan. In
1834 he was placed as a trooper in Raja Hira Singh's Dera»
in which he remained till 1848, having been in 1836 pro-
moted to the rank of commandant. The jagir of Ruriala,
with Bs. 12,043, subject to the service of two sowars, had always
remained in his possession, with the exception of tihe year
1835, when it had been temporarily resumed ; and in 1848 he
received an additional grant of the village Kotli in the
Gujranwala district. During these years Sardar Jodh Singh
had performed good service to the State. He had served under
Diwan Hukam Rai, who was in charge of Mamdot and Mukat-
Bar, and was afterwards sent to the Manjha, where he was
most energetic, and speedily cleared the country of robbers.
During the reign of Sher Singh he was again sent to the
Manjha in command of three hundred sowars, and remained
there for six months, restoring order and administering justice.
After the Satlaj Campaign Jodh Singh was appointed ^Ida/aii, or
judicial ofl&cer, at Amritsar on Rs. 3,000, inclusive of his jagir ;
and in 1849, after annexation, he was appointed Extra
Assistant Commissioner at the same place, where he remained
till his retirement from the Government service in December

During the disturbances of 1848-49 Sardar Jodh Singh
remained faithful, and did excellent service in preserving the
peace of the city of Amritsar, and in furnishing supplies to the

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Bntish forces. In 1857 he accompanied Mr. P. Cooper, C.B.,
in pursuit of the Mian Mir mutineers, and rendered such
zealous and prompt assistance that he received from Govern-
ment a present of Rs. 1 ,000 and a valuable watch. Prom annex-
ation up to the beginning of 1862 he was in charge of the Darbar
Sahib, the great Sikh temple at Amritsar, chosen by the Sikh
aristocracy and priests themselves. This was an important
duty, requiring great tact, honesty and powers of conciliation.
These qualities the Sardar possessed in an eminent degree.
There have been special circumstances gravely affiBcting the
good management of the temple of late years, but Jodh
Singh's influence there was only for good. He guided its
counsels through the difl&cult early years of the adminis-
tration and through the critical period of 1857, when his
loyalty and devotion to Government were many times
noticed ; while as a judicial oflBcer he secured, by his justice
and unswerving honesty, the respect of the inhabitants of
Amritsar, without regard to caste or creed.

In recognition of Jodh Singh's services. Government
on his retirement in 1862 allowed him to draw his full pay
of Rs. 4,300 for life. Ruriala and Kotli were released rent-free
for life, and the latter village, with two wells at Ruriala, was to
descend to his heirs for two generations. He also received a
grant of fifty acres of land in Rakh Shakargarh. Sardar Jodh
Singh died at Amritsar in August 1864.

Sardar Man Singh, youngest brother of Jodh Singh, is
one of the most distinguished native officers in the army. He
entered Raja Suchet Singh's force when about twenty-five
years of age, and was present at the capture of Peshawar
and in the Trans-Indus Campaign. He then entered Raja
Hira Singh's brigade, where he was made an adjutant of
cavalry. He fought against the British at Mudki, Firozshahar
and Sobraon, and after the campaign was stationed at Lahore
in command of a troop of fifty horse. In 1848 he waa sent to

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Amritsar, and remained witli hiB brother during the war, doing
excellent service; and on the return of peace his troop was
disbanded and he retired on a pension. But Man Siugh had
no love for a quiet life at home. In 1852 he entered the
Police under Colonel R. Lawrence, and remained in the force
tin 1857. At the first outbreak of the Mutiny he was de-
spatched to Dehli to join Major Hodson with three troops of
cavalry ; one raised by Nawab Imamudin Khan, one by Raja
Tej Singh, and the third in a great measure by Man Siugh
himself. This force, first known as * Montgomery Sahib ka
Basala,* became the nucleus of the famous Hodson's Horse.
Man Singh served throughout the siege and capture of Dehli.
He assisted in the capture of the King of Dehli and the capture
and execution of the three Princes, and on that day the cool-
ness and gallantry of Man Siugh were as conspicuous as those
of his dashing commander. He was then sent with Colonel
Showers' column into the Biwari district, and, returning to
Dehli about the end of October, was despatched to Lahore by
Major Hodson to raise five hundred recruits. This he effected
in about four months, using the utmost exertions and borrowing
a considerable amount of the necessary funds on his personal
security. He then hurried to Lucknow. He arrived just in
time to take part in the capture of the city, but too late to
receiye the thanks of his commandant, Major Hodson, who
was killed the day before his arrival.

Man Singh fought throughout the hot-weather campaign
of 1858, and was honourably mentioned in despatches for
his gallantry at the battle of Nawabganj on the 13th June,
in dashing to the rescue of Lieutenant BuUer of his regiment^
who was surrounded by the enemy. Man Singh was on this
occasion severely wounded in two places, and his horse covered
with sword-cuts. He received for his conduct in this action
the Order of Merit. He served throughout the Oudh Cam-
paign of 18d8-59| and was present at most of the important

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actions. At JTandgftuj, after capturing three guns, he was Tery
badly injured by the blowing up of the tumbrils by a des-
perado from the enemy*s ranks. From the injuries lie received
there h^ suffered for several months. The Government have
rewarded the services of Man Singh by the grant of jagirs
in Oudh and in the Panjab of the value of Rs. 600 and Rs. 400
per annum respectively.

Harsa Singh^ second son of Jodh Singh, like his uncle
Man Singh, was a Rasaldar in the 9th Bengal Cavalry. Be
was appointed to command one of the troops of cavalry raised
by Man * Singh in November 1857. In the middle of 1858
he went with his detachment to Oudb and joined the head-
quarters of Hodson's Horse, then commanded by Colonel
Daly. He fought with distinction in all the chief battles of
the later Oudh Campaign, including Sultanpur and Fyzabad.
He died in 1860.

Partab Singh in April 1861 joined the Police force
as Subadar. He is still a Deputy Inspector. Dal Singh
was a Rasaldar in the 1 7th Bengal Cavalry. He died in
1885. Jawala Singh, son of Jai Singh, was a Subadar
of the 29th Native Infantry. He has retired on a pension
of Rs. 180 per annum. His share in the village of Ruriala
brings in about Rs. 240 per annum. His son Yir Singh is a
sowar in the Central India Horse.

Sardar Man Singh retired from the service in 1 877, and took
up his abode at Amritsar, where he has ever since led an
active and honourable life, devoting his whole time and most of
his money towards the maintenance of the Sikh faith. He
was made an Honorary Magistrate in 1879, and in the same
year was appointed manager of the Darbar Sahib, an office
requiring tact, patience, honesty and energy. That he has
performed his duties well is proved by the fact that the local
authorities have frequently refused to allow him to resign,
although he is now a very old man, in need of rest and quiet

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for his remainiQg years. He is a Companion of the Order of
the Indian Empire, a Viceregal Darbari, and a member of the
Mmiicipal Committee of Amritsar. His income is estimated
at Bs. 12,000 per annum, including a military pension of
Rs, 3,594 ; lands in Oudh, Rs. 4,000 ; in Gujranwala, Rs. 2,500 ;
in Lahore, Rs. 1,000; and a jagir in Eot Bara Eban, Rs. 700.

One of Sardar Man Singh's sons, Jawahir Singh, is a Zail-
dar and an Honorary Magistrate in Gujranwala. The others
are still young.

The sons of the late Sardar Jodh Singh hold a perpetual
jagir, valued at Rs. 600, in Mauza Ramgarh, Gujranwala ;
also a mafi valued at Rs. 75 in Ruriala in the same district.
They have an additional income of Rs. 1,700 per anniun
made up of rents on houses and lands in Amritsar. Mahtab
Singh, the eldest son, died in 1855.

Earam Singh, son of Ganda Singh, is a Deputy Inspector
of Police. His land in Gujranwala yields Rs. 150 per annum.
Of the sons of Eahan Singh, the eldest, Hira Singh, is
Subadar-Major in the 24th Panjab Infantry, and he owns
land in the Lahore and Gujranwala districts yielding about
Rs. 3,000 per annum. The third son, Sher Singh, is a
Jamadar in a moimtain battery now on service in Burmah.
Sardar Hira Singh's eldest son, Sardul Singh, is a Dafadar in
the 1st Regiment, Central India Horse. The second son, Asa
Singh, is a Jamadar in the 24th Panjab Infantry.

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IMwaaKAmnChMid Gonnnkh Bai« DhuraJMAk HamamDM*

BawtRlm. KobanLol GftogaBishan
••1818. S,1849. B.1660.

The Nanda Khatri family, of which Sant Bam is the
present representative, is of some antiquity. Ujar Sain, the
first of whom any mention is made, lived in the reign of
Babar Shah, and by a marriage with the daughter of a
wealthy official of Emanabad in Gujranwala^ whither he
had gone in the train of the Emperor, established the
fortunes of the family. His son Lakhu was adopted by his
father-in-law Davi Dita, and on his death succeeded to his
office of Kanungo ; and for several generations the office,
which was in those days of some consideration, remained
with the family. The Sikhs under Sardar Oharat Singh
overran this part of the country, and the family lost most
o! their wealth ; but the conqueror gave them a share in three
villages, Kotli Dianat, Baipur and Bafipur, and on the
accession of Banjit Singh several members of the family
were taken into his service. The only one who became 0! any
importance was Earam Chand. He first went to Gujranwala,
where he took a small contract for the revenue of Emanabad,
and later he was sent as Tahsildar to Sri Har Govindpur,
which was then administered by Tek Chand. For his services
here he received a grant of three villages, Suliman, Eotli
Mazbian and Kot Karam Chand in the Gujranwala district.

When Sher Singh ascended the throne, Tek Chand, an
official of Nao Nahal Singh, was turned adrift. His subordi*
nate Karam Chand was dismissed with him, but Baja Dhian
Singh took him into his service, and sent him to Bhimbar to

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manage his estates. After Dhian Singh's death Earam
Chand served Baja Gulab Singh in Hazara, and when that
country was exchanged by the Baja for Manawar he retired
to Peshawar* Two of his yiUages, Mazbian and Sulimani had
been resmned in 1846 on his refusal to come to Lahore, and
in 1850 Earam Chand had only three wells at Emanabad,
worth Rs. 200, which were released for his life.

Earam Chand did not get on well in Eashmir, as he
had an enemy at Court in the person of Jawala Sahai, the
Maharaja's chief agent, afterwards Prime Minister. The
mothers of Earam Chand and Jawala Sahai were sisters,
and there was between them a quarrel of long standing,
Jawala Sahai adopted his mother's quarrel and, making out
that Earam Chand had embezzled very largely, caused him to
be thrown into prison* The rights of the question cannot
at this lapse of time be ascertained, but it is certain that
Baja Jawahir Singh, nephew of the Maharaja, indignant
at such treatment of his father's faithful servant, procured,
with much difficulty, his release, and took him into his own
service, in spite of the Maharaja's opposition. When Baja
Jawahir Singh proceeded to L^ore, the Maharaja attacked
his fort of Mangla on the Jamu road. It was most gallantly
defended for some months by Sant Bam, son of Diwan Earam
Chand, but was at last taken. Oulab Singh tried, it is said,
to induce Sant Bam to enter his service ; but he refused, and
the Maharaja threw him into prison. When the Mutiny of
1857 broke out, Earam Chand was at Xiahore in command
of some troops belonging to Baja Jawahir Singh. He was
directed to join General Van Cortlandt, which he did, and
was present as commandant of Baja Jawahir Singh's
contingent at all the actions fought by the General between
Firozpur and Bobtak. He then remained at Hissar till the
Baja's contingent was amalgamated with the Police, when
be was appointed commandant of the 10th Police batt^on^

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on liis former pay of Bs. 500 per mensem. In 1861^ when
the Police were reorganized, Karam Ghand^s services were
no longer required ; but for his loyalty and gallantry he
received a jagir of Rs. 3,177 at andnearEmanabad, Bs. 1,200
of which were to descend to his son. He also enjoyed a life
jagir, valued at Bs. 220, in Eot Earam Chand, sancticmed in
1850. The Diwan worked for nine years at Oujranwala as
an Honorary Magistrate, resigning in 1874 in favour of his
son Mohan Lai, who still holds office. He took service with
the Maharaja of Jamu, by whom he was held in the highest
esteem. On the Diwan's death in 1684 the jagir was resumed,
with the exception of holdings in Nagri, Puranpur and Bajpur,
Tahsil Gujranwala, yielding Bs. 1,200 per annum, which
were released in favour of his eldest son Sant Bam, who is
also owner of one hundred and sixty ghumaos of land in
Chak Duni Chand, Tahsil Gujranwala. He and his youngest
brother Qanga Bishan are in the service of the Jamu
Maharaja, receiving each Bs. 1,800 per annum.

The brothers Sant Bam and Mohan Lai are Viceregal
Darbaris of the Gujranwala district.

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Hiiknift muffii, -

BhOTBiDKh Aauur Singh lialuur Singh Qshan Singh

9.1846. 1.1819. 9.1868. 8.18217^


1 SzvoR Tbakar Bandagar Jhanda Bahadar Baja Bins^ Utam Bii

— BiDfOi Bingh Singh i —

1. 1«{8. 1. 1864.

1 ' : : — r

B.1886. Bio^ BiJ^ ^^Im. ^^^^ B,1867. a. 1870.

Jal Singh Sant Singh Labh Singh Dayal Singh IaI Singh B.1876. S.1883. B.1876. 1877.

Bam Singli, a Kbatri of the Gandi Bod jai caste, was
the first of the family to become a Sikh. He left Bhera
in the Shahpur district for Gujranwala, where he entered
the service of Sardar Charat Singh Sukarchakia as a trooper,
and from whom he received the grant of a well at Gujran-
wala, which is still held by the family. He was killed at
Bhula Kariala in a skirmish, and left one son, Hukma Singh,
a minor, who when able to bear arms entered Ranjit Singh's
army. He soon afterwards distinguished himself in the
Kasur expedition in 1807, in which he was severely wounded.
He was created a Sardar at the same time with Hari Singh
Nalwa, and received civil charge of the Ramnagar district
and control of the customs and salt duties on a salary of
Bs. 24,000, with the military oonmiand of the contingents of
the Darap Jagirdars. He accompanied the Lahore Chief
against Pathankot and Sialkot, and at the latter place showed
himself so brave and energetic that Banjit Singh embraced
him and expressed his surprise that such a chimna of a
man should be more courageous than men twice his size.
Ohimna^ in the Panjab dialect, signifies both a man of small
stature, and a little bird, swift and strong of wing ; and
Hukma Singh, who was somewhat undersized, found that the
nickname chimna thus given stuck to him till it became
the agnomen Qf his family.

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For his services Hukma Singh received jagirs worth
Rs. 60,000 in TJgoki and Roras, and on the marriage of
Prince Kharak Singh in 1812 he received additional jagirs
in Sayadgarh, worth Rs. 40,000, and also a portion of the
Sialkot jagir alienated from Sardar Ganda Singh Sufi, which
he held for seven years. His force of irregular horse, which
was imder the command of his cousin Bhai Gurdayal Singh,
mutinied shortly afterwards, and the allowance of Rs. 24,000,
which he had received for its maintenance from the Ramnagar
customs, was discontinued. In 1814, Yar Mahomed, with
the aid of the people of Khairabad, drove the Sikhs out of
Attock. Hukma Singh, with Sham Singh Bhandari and two
thousand irregulars, attacked him and drove him with loss
across the Indus, recovering the plunder which the Afghan
army had collected. Khairabad was severely punished for
its complicity in this affair.

In 1818 Hukma Singh was appointed Governor of the
districts of Attock and Hazara, and he named Bhai Makhan
Singh as his deputy. The latter was of rather a peremptory
disposition, and an insolent letter which he wrote to
Mahomed Khan, the powerful Tarin Chief, ordering him to
pay the revenue without delay, set all Hazara in a blaze ; for
Mahomed Khan called out his tribe and attacked the Sikh
force, which was overpowered and cut up, Makhan Singh
being among the slain. The few who escaped brought the
evil news to Hukma Singh, who marched out to avenge his
friend. At Sultanpur he met Mahomed Khan, and a sharp
fight ensued ; neither, party could fairly claim the victory,
but it so far remained with the Tarin Chief that Hukma
Singh returned to Attock without seeking to bring on a
second engagement. The Maharaja was much displeased
by the conduct of Hukma Singh on this occasion, and there
was, besides, another cause of offence, in his having hung, to
gratify his private revenge, one Sayad Khan of Kot Hasan

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Ali, a wealthy and well*dispofl6d Chief* He was fined
Bs. 1,25,000 and remoyed from Haeara, where Diiran Rata
Dayal Was sent as his succesdor in 1819.

Hukma Singh was a good soldier, and there were few ol
the Maharaja's campaigns in whioh he did not serve; and his
sldll and bravery were so well recompensed that at one time
he held jagirs amounting to upwards of three lakhs of rupees.
On his death, owing to disputes in the family, the whole
Jagirs were resumed. His eldest son, who had married the
sister of Sardar Jhanda Singh Botalia, received command
of one hundred sowars on Bs. 500 per mensem. Amar Singh
and Mahar Siogh were made commandants on Bs. 775 and
Bs. 1,440 per annum, respectively.

Sher Singh was killed at Sobraon, and his son Lahna
Singh received a situation about the person of the young
Maharaja Dalip Singh, with a jagir of Bs. 1,149 in the
Sialkot district, which he still enjoys on life tenure, one*f ourth
descending to his heirs male in perpetuity. He lives at
Gujranwala, and has been exercising the powers of an
Honorary Magistrate there since 1872. He is also President
of the Municipal Committee. He has, by his consistently
loyal and straightforward conduct, earned the respect and
esteem of several district officers in succession, tklways giving
cordial assistance in all matters connected with the administra*
tion, and bringing his powerful influence to bear upon the
side of progress and order. It is recorded of him that on the
ocicasion of the recent Jubilee celebration at Qujranwala^
the Sardar, as a special act of honour and respect towards
Her Most Gracious Majesty, unwound his flowing beard in
public Darbar, to the intense gratification of his fellow-Sikhs,
instead of wearing it, as he ordinarily does^ twisted round
his ears.

The Sardar^s eldest son, Jai Singh, is employed in the
Poliee. His imcle Amar Singh holds a rent free grant for life

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of a well, valued at Bs. 75 per annum, tdi Gbarjhaki Gujran-
wala, granted as a reward for his Mutiny services, having
distinguished himself in Oudb as an officer in Yoyle's Horse.
He also enjoys a cash pension of Bs. 180 per annum. His
eldest son, Bahadar Singh, died on his voyage to China,
whither he was proceeding with the 19th Bengal Lancers
during the last war. The second son, Jhanda Singh, is
employed as a Muharrir in the district. Sodagar, youngest
son, has become a religious mendicant.

The family are Gandi Khatris of the Kashib got Sardars
Lahna Singh and Amar Singh are Viceregal Darbaris. Lahna
Singh's daughter is married to a son of Bedi Khem Singh,
CLE., of Ealar, Bawalpindi.

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/lala GANDA MAL."


' ^ GatnMia.
.Bun Kmit.

Diw*n PhAnpai Diwui iNnpftt Nantin Dm
BaL Bai. . D. 1848.

I I ^ I

I 1 * . BiBhan Das

Hnkam Ohand Kisban Otaaad ^' 1^^*
a. 18S8. 1. 1884.


I ! r "LkLk QtkWDk Mal Jhanda ICi

I I B. 18tf . M. 1848.
HohkamCluuid HariChaad I 1
«. 1861 1. 1880. ^1

I I . i i I Nao Nabal Oiz^6iari Lftl

BrijLal GaianOhaad Jodhbir BankeBOutii KimJ Oh«nd B.1884.

B.1868. B.1871. Ohand Lai Bihari a. 1889.

I a. 1880. a. 1883. Lai

GanriDayal a.l88i.
a. 1868.

Dianat Rai entered the service of Nadir Shah, conqueror
of Kabul and Dehli. During the following reign of
Ahmad Shah, his son Gutu Mai, not obtaining toy employ-
ment in Kabul, determined to seek his fortune in the
Panjab, where he settled in the village of Bhera in the
Shahpur district. Sardar Gujar Singh Bhangi was at that
time owner of most of the neighbouring country, and to him
Gutu Mai offered his services. He remained with Gujar Singh
and Sahib Singh till his death, acting as Diwan, and
regulating the civil affairs of the large tract over which
these Chiefs ruled. His son Bam Kaur succeeded him in his
office, which he held until Banjit Singh, in 1810, took
possession of Sahib Singh's estates. Bam Kaur was growing
too old for work, but he obtained places at Lahore for his three
sons. Diwan Dhanpat Bai, who was the eldest of the brothers,
received Majitha, Jagdeo and other villages in jagir, which in
1814 were exchanged for the Ilaka of Sodhra, worth Bs.
21,000, from the territories of his old master Sahib Singh.
He was then placed in charge of the Manjha, trhere he
remained some years. Later, he received the Ilaka of Shiiwalat

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worth Bs. 10,000, in jflgir, and was made commander of
Prince Eharak Singh's force,, which office he held for above
a year, being succeeded by Bhaia Ram Singh. The
brothers did good service with their contingent at Multan,
Mankera and Kashmir, and after each campaign received an
enhancement of their jagirs. In 1831, at Diwan Dbanpat
Bai's death, the jagirs of the family amounted to Bs. 43,500.
These were resumed, with the exception of Sodhra, held
subject to the service of seventy -eight horsemen. Diwan
Banpat Bai and Narain Das were then sent to Eangra and
Nurpur to collect the revenue due from the Eardars of those
districts. In 1842 Baja Gulab Singh, who had charge of
Gujrat, took from the family lands about Beli to the value of
Bs. 5,000 ; and on Sardar Lahna Singh representing the case
to Maharaja Sher Singh the contingent was reduced by twenty
men, and in 1846 Baja Lai Singh struck off eight more.

During the war of 1848-49 the contingent of Diwan
Banpat Bai was employed under Lala Gumani Lai, Adalati
of the Manjha, in preserving the peace of all the district
round about the city of Amritsar. Narain. Das died just
before the outbreak of hostilities in 1848. On annexation

Online LibraryCharles Francis Massy Sir Lepel Henry GriffinThe Panjab chiefs: historical and biographical notices of the ..., Volume 2 → online text (page 14 of 29)