Charles Francis Massy Sir Lepel Henry Griffin.

The Panjab chiefs: historical and biographical notices of the ..., Volume 2 online

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sacked Dokhoa, Maharaja Gulab Singh, on the strong
representation of the British Government, sent a force
against Dewa and burnt it to the ground, forbidding its
reconstruction on the same site. Since then, fear of punish-
ment has kept these marauders quiet ; but they still have as
great a love for a raid across the border as when in the old
days they could plunder without opposition up to the very
walls of Gujrat.

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Badh Bingli, Amw Ainglu
I '

Fateh Singh. Dayal Singh U^h^i. Singh.

I S. 1838, I

Bam Kanun Nanin _ f \ Tan Singh. Nalud Kara

Singh. Singh. Singh. AihaaSingh BiahaAsingh | SinX ^^

Sarab €hurmnhh Ht

Singh. Singh. Singh.


..^ J — ^— ,

SiiMI^ Tahal Malagar

Singh. Singiu

KkMLM. Snres Teja

J ' I ftMhtihfcr

Bhaghel Singh. Parkaah Singh Singh.
I ■»

Didar Singh.

Udtatt Singh. Sant Singh;

B. 186f . B. 18M.

Han Singh Shir SheoDeo

s. 1880. Biiu^ Singh

'Singh Mahar Singh

Among the petty Sardars who followed the fortuneB of
Charat Singh Sukarchakia was Rai Maha Singh and his son
Laja Singh. Both fell in the service of their Chief j for
during one of the frequent Afghan invasions they volunteered
to visit the enemy's camp^ in disguise, to discover his
strength and position, but they were detected and killed as
spies. Charat Singh took A mar Singh, the son of Laja Singh,
into his service, and gave him a jagir of Rs. 7,000 in the
Naka territory. A m ar Singh served well atid faithfully
three generations of Sukarchakia Chiefs, Charat Singh,
Mahan Singh and Ranjit Singh, and died soon after the
last-named had taken command of the Misal, but not until
he had introduced his three sons, Molu»r Singh, Dayal
Singh and Patch Singh, into the Chief's service. They soon
rose into favour, and Mohur Singh especially distinguish^
ed himself in an action with the Afghans at Ehewa in the
Gujrat district. Ranjit Singh gave him, at his own request,
a jagir at Mikrach in exchange for th6 estate he possessed in

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Naka. The three brothers received in all jagirs to the value
of three lakhs of rupees, which they held for twelve years,
when Mohar Singh retired to Banares, contrary to the wish
and order of the Maharaja, who confiscated the jagirs, and gave
the command of the contiDgent of seven hundred horse to
Gurmukh Singh, who took the name of Lamba, which properly
belonged to Mohar Singh, an agnomen given to him on
account of his great height. Dayal Singh retrieved in some
measure the fortunes of the family. He fought in the battle of
Attock in 1813, when he was severely wounded, and the next
year joined in the first expedition against Kashmir, when he
was wounded again. For these services he received jagirs of
the value of Bs. 32,000. In the year 1826 he fell into disgrace,
and lost his estates, with the single exception of Mung, five
miles north of Khewa, worth Rs. 4,000, but two years later,
the Maharaja restored him to favour and gave him other
jagirs worth Rs. 28,000. He died in 1832, leaving two sons ;
the elder Bishan Singh, aged seven, and the younger, an
infant in arms. Bishan Singh died two years after his father,
and as the surviving brother could render no military service
the jagirs were resumed. Ranjit Singh did not, however,
forget the child, but made over the Gujrat jagir to his cousin
Nahal Singh, who was enjoined to act as his guardian. Badu-
wal in the Jhilam district was also assigned to Karpal Singh,
another cousin, on the same conditions. When the Multan
rebellion broke out in 1848 Eashan Singh remained loyal ;
but two of his cousins, Nahal Singh and Basheshar Singh,
joined the rebels, and lost jagirs worth Rs. 10,000 and
Rs. 1,100, respectively. In 1857 Kishan Singh rendered
assistance in arresting some fugitives of the 14th Regiment
Native Infantry which had mutinied at Jhilam. For his
service on this occasion he received a present of Rs. 400, and
his followers were suitably rewarded. The Sardar died in
1860 leaving three children, Mahar Singh, Teja Singh and

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Eahar Singh, all under age. Sardar Kahar Singh, the eldest,
is a Naib-Tahsildar in the Sialkot district, and Mahar Singh,
the youngest son, is a Police Sergeant at Gujrat. Didar
Singh, a distant cousin, has been converted to Christianity,
and is employed as a teacher in the Gujrat Mission School.
Sardar Kishan Singh's sons are joint owners of about three
hundred acres in Mauzas Khina and Chak Sardar Dayal
Singh, Tahsil Phalia, Gujrat. Sardar Kahar Singh's name
is on the List of Viceregal Darbaris in the Gujrat district. His
income from land is about Rs. 2,500 per annum, including the
leased rents of two large gardens in Khewa and Garhi Lacha
Singh, Tahsil Phalia. He lives at Elhewa.

The family is no longer one of local importance.

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Baba Kinn Bhah«

Kiahiai Singh. BamSinglu Haraa Singh. Megh dingh.

( f i r 1 H f— I

Pahan Dhir Fateh Bokha Parem Amar Bhagwan

Singh. Singh. Singh. Singh Singh. Singh. Singh.

GubaUn Singh. |

Nahal Singh Sham Singh Amrik Singh

n. 1869. S. 1M0. S. 1879.

"I Sbbb Sni«s. I J

gh Sanpuran Kartar Narinjan

9.1880. Singh. Si^ Sin^

I , Nadhaa *' I * *' | '

I ' f Singh. Eamm Singh.

SSt fl^3l. i Himatiingh. „_J

sS~l hTSoS Himat Singh. „ J ^1

Singh. Singh. I «*«»• »«.«**. Hnkan Gopal

^1 p ■ ^ j Singh. Singh.

Atar Kahan Panhotam Nand
Singh. Singh. Singh. Singh.

The little Sodhi colony in the Jhilam district wa8 found-
ed by Baba Kiun Shah, eighth in descent from Guru Ram
Das, who settled at Haranpur in the year 1751, emigrating
from Her, an estate that had been in the family ever since
the days of the Guru. Kiun Shah had already in his former
tours received charitable grants of villages in the Sind-Sagar
Doab from Sardars Ram Singh and Milka Singh Pindiwala,
including the villages of Kotli, Chapar and Ramial. Sardar
Mahan Singh, father of Ranjit Singh, was one of his
disciples, and in 1783 gave to him the Dharmarth, worth
Rs, 1,300, which is still enjoyed by his descendants. His son
Ram Singh entered the service of Maharaja Ranjit Singh in
1796, and soon afterwards obtained a jagir of Rs. 7,000, con-
sisting of Haranpur, Dhariala and two other smaller villages.
Ram Singh was a good soldier, and his fall at the storming of

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Naraingarli in 1807 was mucli regretted by his master. Rupees
4,000 of the jagir were continued to his younger brother,
Megh Singh, who also received jagirs for his own services at
Multan, Mankera, and at the battle of Teri in 1823, when he
received a khilat worth Rs. 5,000, Sodhi Nahal Singh enter-
ed the Maharaja's army in 1819, and five years later was
made commandant of one hundred horsemen in the Chariari
corps. Sham Singh joined in 1826, receiving a separate
jagir at Saga. Amrik Singh served first in the Ghorcharas
under General Mian Singh, with a salary of Rs. 2,000 ; but on
the death of Megh Singh in 1826 the cash allowances of
the three brothers were stopped, though the personal jagir
was divided between them. They fought for Maharaja Sher
Singh at the siege of Lahore in 1841, and shared in the
rewards which the successful monarch presented to the
army. Under Sher Singh's successor, Nahal Singh was
sent in command of one thousand horse to administer the
districts of Dhani, Kachi, and Ahmadabad, which wereT in
a state of insurrection. He shot the ambassador of the insur-
gents dead with his own hand, and by bis vigour and severity
soon reduced the country to submission. At the same time
Sham Singh was sent on duty to Kangra. After Raja Hira
Singh's death Nahal Singh was sent to the Shahpur district
to keep the tribes of the Bar country in order, and in 1847,
after the Satlaj Campaign, he was made Adalati, and a few
months later was transferred to Jalandhar in the same capacity.
He was a clever Judge, but too severe to be popular. When
the Multan rebellion broke out. Sham Singh and Amrik
Singh were summoned with their contingent by Nicholson to
form the escort of his camp. By his direction they called
their brother from Jalandhar who, with his horsemen, joined
Nicholson at Ramnagar. When the rebels under Chatar
Singh found that the Sodhis had determined to remain faith-
ful to Gk)vemment, they plundered their houses of every-

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thing valuable, the women and children having barely time
to escape and fly to Jamu, where they remained until the
return of peace. The Sodhis went through the whole
campaign, fighting gallantly on the side of the British in every
battle, and Sham Singh was unfortunately killed just before
the battle of Gujrat. He had been sent to Kunja to collect
supplies when the Commissariat officers were unable to go with
safety, and he was surprised by the enemy, badly wounded
and taken prisoner. He died a few days afterwards from
his wounds. After the war Nahal Singh was employed in
tjivil duties and in restoring order between Jhilam and Attock.
At annexation the jagirs in possession of Amrik Singh, Nahal
Singh and Sher Singh were confirmed to them for life, as also
charitable grants to the value of Rs. 3,794, of which two-thirds
were upheld in perpetuity. In 1862 the Supreme Govern-
ment sanctioned the whole of these grants being continued
in separate perpetuity according to the ancestral shares.
Nahal Singh's share of the personal jagir, Rs. 2,200, lapsed at
his death in 1859, and the shares of Amrik Singh and his
nephew Sher Singh, being Rs. 1,350 and Rs. 1,400 respectively,
were only maintained for life. In 1857 Sanpuran Singh
attended on the Commissioner of Rawalpindi with ten sowars,
and Sher Singh and Amrik Singh also supplied a contingent,
which did good service during the disturbances ; and in 1859
the Sodhis received a reward of Rs. 1,100 for their loyalty.
The family of Sodhi Megh Singh has a deadly feud with the
descendants of Sodhis Kishan Singh and Harsa Singh, their
cousins. The two latter branches of the family joined the
national party in 1848-49, and it was Pahan Singh who
caused the houses of bis loyal kinsmen to be plundered.
However, when the Sikh army had been finally defeated
at Gujrat, Nahal Singh plundered and destroyed the house
of Pahan Singh, so that neither party has now cause of

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Faban Singh's descendants have settled in Jama. They
attempted to return to Haranpur in 1877, but this was dis-
allowed on the representation of Sodhi Sher Singh, who is at
the head of the family. Sodhi Amrik Singh died in 1879.

The jagir shares enjoyed by the family are as follows : —
Sodhi Sher Singh, Rs. 2,650; Sodhi Sanpuran Singh, Rs. 1,055;
Sodhi Hari Singh, Rs. 1,055; Sodhis Narinjan Siugh and
Kartar Singh Rs. 900.

The three former are Viceregal Darbaris. They live at
Haranpur in the Jhilam district. Sodhi Sanpuran Singh's son,
Nadhan Singh, is a Naib-Tahsildar.

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AU Mibomed Khan,
Ahmad Khan.

Dalil khaxu

Agar khan,
AU Mahomed Khan*

Bher Dast Khan.

Saltan Ahmad Khan
s. 1873.

Saltan Fateh Mahomed


B. 1895.

Fateh Mahomed Khan.

Maharban Khan.

lEat khan.

Sahib Khan.

Abdala Khan.

Sarfarai Khan.

Fateh Khan.

Khnda Bakhab

Firoa Khan.

lad Khan.


SherDil ShamBher Mahar

Khan. All Khan Khan

i n. 1871. I

Sahib I Dadan

Khan Boif AU Khan

1. 1861. Khan n. 1881.

B. 1843.




1 Kisari


Biland Khan.






B. 1861.

s. 1866.

A>iiniui Khan.
Bahadar Khan.

Fateh Khan.

Sabdab Kbajt
B. 1810.

Mahomed Hayat Khan.


Sher Khan.




The Khokhar Rajas of Pind Dadan Khan and Ahmadabad
are of high Rajput origin and intermarry with the GtJchars
and Janjoahs, Nothing is known of them previous to 1623,
when Dadan Khan, a Khokhar Rajput in the service of the
Emperor Jahangir, settled on the Jhilam at the foot of the
Salt Range, then known as the hills of Jodh, and built a town
which he called after his own name on the site of an ancient
village of Shamshabad Nimaksar. He was not permitted to
settle without opposition. The country which he had
chosen was first inhabited by the Janjoahs, who had been in
part dispossessed by the Jalabs, a Rajput tribe that arrived
in the Jhilam district no long time before the Khokhars. The
country had become depopulated by the frequent wars of
these rival tribes, and the salt mines were no longer worked ;

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for mercliants could not visit them without being exposed to
robbery and violence. The Khokhar Chief held his own at
Find Dadan, which soon became a flourishing town and the
centre of the salt trade. He left three sons, from whom have
descended the families of Ahmadabad and Find Dadan Khan.
Shafi Ehan, the eldest, built a fort at Chak Shafi at the foot
of the hills, six miles to the north-east of Find Dadan Khan,
to hinder the incursions of the Gujars and Janjoahs; while his
brother Fateh Mahomed built Gujar, about two miles distant
from Chak Shafi, and a fort at Find Dadan Khan. For
several generations the tribe held the neighbouring district
against all comers, founding many villages and fighting oc-
casionally with their neighbours the Janjoahs and Gakhars.
Aga Khan, fifth in descent from Shafi Khan, built Sultan
Kot close to Find Dadan Khan, and the great-grandson of
Fateh Mahomed built Kot Sahib Khan on the other side of
the town.

Ahmad Khan, son of Firoz Khan, quarrelled with
his cousins and, being worsted in an appeal to arms, left Find
Dadan Khan and founded the town of Ahmadabad, fifteen
miles to the southward, on the river Jhilam, and here his
descendants still reside. He seems to have been an able
man, and to have ruled his little district with wisdom. He
drove out the Awans of Nurpur, and obtained his recognition
as a tributary Chief from the Court of Dehli. Although
Khuda Bakhsh succeeded him, the most distinguished of his
sons was Faizula Khan. He, finding that his nephew Nisari
Khan had plotted against him with the Elhokhars of Find
Dadan Khan and the Jalabs of Haranpur, attacked the
combination with so much vigour that he compelled them to
sue for peace and give their daughters in marriage to men of
his clan. Baja Khuda Bakhsh Khan, who died in April 1865,
was great-grandson of the founder of Ahmadabad. He fought
against the Sikhs in 1848«49» joining the force of Malik Sher

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Ehan Tawana, and received in recognition of his loyalty the
village of Joran, worth Rs. 1,160, in jagir, subject to one-
quarter revenue ; also a rent-free grant in Ahmadabad, worth
Rs. 388, with proprietary rights in Kot Kach. His son
Raja Sardar Khan still holds Mauza Joran in jagir, and is
proprietor of Wand and Kot Kach. He is at the head of the
family and receives a chair in Viceregal Darbars. He lives
at Ahmadabad in Find Dadan Khan Tahsil. He has a good
deal of local influence, due to his family connections and to
the wealth he inherited from his father. The mafi-holding
in Ahmadabad is enjoyed jointly by Sardar Khan, Masammat
Malkan Bano, widow of Fateh Khan, and Bahadar Khan, son
of Ahmad Khan.

Of the Find Dadan Khan Rajas, Sarfaraz Khan was per-
haps the most distinguished. He thought to make peace with
the Janjoahs by giving his sister and his three daughters in
marriage to their chief men; and he accordingly betrothed them
to Sultan ZuKakar Khan, Diwan Khuda Bakhsh of Garjakh,
Nasir Ali Khan of Makhiala and the Kureshi Fir of Mauza
Pail. But before the marriages could take place, disputes had
again broken out between the rival tribes, and Sultan
Zulfakar Khan, who was on his way with the wedding pro-
cession to Makhiala, was stopped at Find Dadan Khan and
bad to fight for his life. Sardar Charat Singh, grandfather
of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, conquered the Khokhar country ;
but he allowed the Ahmadabad Raja to hold his Chiefship,
with some rights still claimed by the family in the original
colony. The Find Dadan Khan Rajas were treated with
equal leniency, until early in Ranjit Singh's reign Sarfaraz
Khan rose in revolt. A force was sent against him, and after
a long fight he was' utterly defeated and compelled to fly to
Makhiala. He later made his peace and received some
villages in jagir, though Find Dadan Khan was not restored.
In 1848-49 these Chiefs joined the national party, and all

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their jagirs and allowances were resumed. Sometime later
a pension of Rs. 200 was granted to Sherdil Khan ; and
Shamsber Ali Ehati, Mahar Khan and their widowed mother
each received a pension of Rs. 100. That of Sherdil
Khan was raised to Rs. 350 for his loyalty in 1857, and at
the recent Settlement the pensions were consolidated into a
perpetual grant of Rs. 1,000 in favour of Sultan Ahmad
and Shamsher Ali Khan, subject to life pensions to Sherdil
Khan, Mahar Khan, and Bibi Banu the mother. The cousins
also recovered certain proprietary rights in Pind Dadan
Khan and Ahmadabad.

Sultan Ahmad died in 1872. His son Sultan Fateh
Mahomed Khan is on the Lieutenant-Governor's Darbar list.
He lives at Pind Dadan Khan. He has rendered himself
unpopular with his tribe by marrying a Biloch widow, whose
son by another husband he is desirous of adopting. Fateh
Mahomed leads a retired life, spending most of his* time in
trying to discover the secret, if there be one, of converting
the baser metals into gold.

Shamsher Ali Khan died in 1871. His son Raja Saif Ali
Khan has succeeded to a cash allowance of Rs. 500, of which
one-half is paid over to his uncles, Sherdil and Mahar Elan.
Dadan Khan, son of the latter, served with the 30th Panjab
Infantry as Subadar throughout the last Afghan War, and
died while at home on sick leave in 1881.

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The most ancient tribes inliabiting the Panjab at the
present day are of Rajput origin. It seems probable, and
both history and the traditions of the country favour the
supposition, that there have been in the Panjab three great
Bajput immigrations. The first took place antecedent to all
historic records, not later than 2,500 years before Christ ; and
the Princes of Katoch and Chamba and of the Jalandhar
hills, whose ancestors ruled over the Bari and Rachna Doabs,
are its living representatives. The second immigration
was at least a thousand years later, when XJjamida, the son
of the founder of Hastinapur, led his Tadu Rajputs to the
north of the Jhilam, and founded a dynasty which ruled the
country from Rawalpindi to Multan. Lastly came the
emigrations from the Deccan, extending over a long series of
years, from the tenth to the fifteenth century of the Christian
era, when Rajputs of many and various races came to the
Panjab, the descendants of whom are the Jate, Tawanas,
Sials, Ghaibas, Khokhars and many other well known tribes.

It is difficult to say, with any approach to certainty, how
long the Janjoahs have been resident in the Panjab ; but they
are probably the descendants of the Yadu Rajputs, the
companions of Ujamida. That this tribe has been identified
with the Johyas and Jodhis of Rajputana history only increases
the difficulties regarding it. It is true that the Salt Range, to
the north of the river Jhilam, is recognized as the original settle-
ment of Tadu Rajputs, and to this day retains its ancient name
of the * hills of Jodh.' But the Johyas of Bikanir, who, though
now extinct, were numerous three hundred years ago about
Bhuropal, seem to have had little in common with the Janjoahs
of the Jhilam.

As early as 740 A. D. the Johyas and Jodhis are
mentioned, with Khokhars, Dodis and Sayads, as allies of

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Hasain Shab, Chief of the Langa Pathsan, in his war with the
Bhati Rajputs. But the traditions of the Janjoahs themselves
do not point to a very ancient occupancy of the Fanjab.
They all trace their descent from a Baja Mal^ a descendant
of the Pandus and of the Bahtor Bajput race, who about
the year 980 A.D. emigrated to the Panjab from Jodhpur
or Kanauj, which latter country was then ruled by a Rahtor
Prince. Hearing that the Pandus had once taken shelter in
the hills to the north of the Jhilam, he journeyed there with
his followers and founded the village of Bajgarh, now famous
under the name of Malot. There he ruled in peace till the
invasion of India by Mahmud of Ghazni, when that monarch
summoned him to his presence. Baja Mai refused to attend;
so Mahmud sent a force against him, which defeated and took
him prisoner ; and, to save his life and regain his liberty, he
was compelled to renounce his Hindu faith and adopt Islamism.
The name of the tribe is said to have arisen from this con-
version, when the janju^ or thread worn by Baja Mai and
all Hindus, and denoting bis cast, was broken. The Janjoahs
are unanimous in thus placing the advent of their great ancestor
into the Panjab in the tenth century, which is the more
remarkable as it is certainly erroneous. Their genealogies also
confirmed their story. The longest are those of the families of
Natel, which gives twenty-three generations from Baja Mai ;
of Ohuhar Saidan Shah and Baghanwala, which allow twenty-
two and twenty-one respectively. There are families, as the
Malot and Dilwal, whose genealogical trees take only seventeen
and eighteen generations to arrive at the same ancestor.
Allowing thirty years for a generation, which is too liberal
an average, the longest of these genealogies does not
extend over more than seven hundred years. Raja Mai*

*If Baja Mai built the temples of Malot and Katas he must have lived at aTery,
nmoh earlier period than Janjoah historj allows him, for both are very ancient, and
were bailt long before the Mahomedan invasions of India. Katas has always been a
■amd spot, and is mentiimed io the Mahabharat (800 B.C.) as the eye of the world.
In a oaye at Katas is still shown a portion of the oow which supports the world.

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is said to have built a temple and tank at Malot, and also
at Eatas, which is a sacred place of pilgrimage^ and is
visited every year by many thousand Hindus. He left five
sons, Wir^ Jodh, Kehla, Tarloni and Khaka. The descend-
ants of Kehla are now to be found in the KaJar and Eahuta
Ilakas of the Rawalpindi district ; those of Tarloni live in
Amb and the neighbourhood of Attook ; while Khaka's ofE-
spring inhabit Muzafarabad, Kot Ehaka and other villages
near the Jamu frontier.

But Jodh and Wir are the only sons of Raja Mai who
require any special notice. On the death of their father they
determined to divide the country called, from Raja Mai, the
Maloki Dhan* between them. Jodh took the salt mines about
Makrach, and captured the town of Makshala from a colony of
Brahmans who had settled there. He changed its name to
Makhiala, and built there a fort and two tanks for rain water, on
which the inhabitants still entirely depend, as there is no spring
of drinking water near the town. Wir Ehan took possession of
Khura near Find Dadan Khan. He had one son. Raja Ahmad
Khan, from whom have descended the families of Malot, Bad-
shapur and Dilwal. Jodh was the father of four sons, Rahpal,
Sanspal, Jaspal, and Jaipal. From the first of these have
descended the families of Baghanwala, Kot Umar, Pindi B3io-
khar, Wagah, Chakri, Fir Ohak, Nathial, Faridpur, Sherpur,
Sayadpur and Natel. Sanspal was the ancestor of the houses
of Chuhar-Saidan-Shah, Deh-Chuhar, Kotli-Saidan, Katora,
Salori, Kals, Chumi, Makdum-Sahan, Wali, Lahar, Dahali,
Dariala and Khawala. The descendants of Jaspal are few and
reside at Kulwala, while the Lambardars of Dhandot and
Warand are of the family of Jaipal. Rahpal, the eldest son
of Jodh, ruled at Malot, and his son Naro built Nara on the
Bunhan nala ; while his grandsons, Hast Khan and Tatar

• The Dhani oonntry, so famous for its swift and enduring breed of horses, whieh

Online LibraryCharles Francis Massy Sir Lepel Henry GriffinThe Panjab chiefs: historical and biographical notices of the ..., Volume 2 → online text (page 18 of 29)