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Charles Francis Massy Sir Lepel Henry Griffin.

The Panjab chiefs: historical and biographical notices of the ..., Volume 2 online

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raja Gukb Singh would be answerable for one lakh, and that
the rest should be paid on his father's releaae. After some
delay Bs. 21,000 were paid into the Dera Ismail Khan Trea-
sury; and the Multan rebellion breaking out, Edwardes,
thinking the Malik would be of use on the frontier,
obtained his release, and in June 1848, when the state of the
country made it advisable to recall Lieutenant Taylor from
Bannu, Fateh Khan was sent as Governor of that province,
with Marwat, Isakhel, Kachi and Mianwali. He would
rather have fought Midraj in the open field, but he was ready



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»92 THE PANJAB CHIEFS.

to work anywhere, and at the beginning of July took oyer
charge from Taylor,

The Sikh force of Bannu was thoroughly disaffected, and
the appointment of Fateh Khan increased its dissatisfaction.
Early in August the troops broke into open mutiny, but
the vigour of Fateh Khan suppressed it for the time.
There were at this time in Bannu four regiments of infantry,
five hundred cavalry and four heavy guns with a troop
of horse artillery. The only European with them was Colonel
John HolmeSt an old servant of the Lahore State, and chief
among the Sikhs was Sardar Ram Singh Chapawala, When
the news of Raja Sher Singh's rebellion at Multan reached
Bannu, about the 25th September, the Sikhs rose in
mutiny. They murdered Colonel Holmes, seized four light
guns which had been withdrawn from the bastions for the
purpose of being sent to Multan, and besieged Fateh Ehan in
the inner fort of Dalipgarh. He called the Mahomedan tribes
to arms, and many answered to the call ; but the Malik had
even in Bannu as many enemies as friends. First came to
his aid Mahomed Khan Isakhel, whom the Malik had once
reinstated in his Chiefship ; then Dilasa Khan, whose name
was a terror to the Sikhs, and who had beaten from his
mud fort Tara Chand and the bravest of the Sikh Sardars.
With these came Jafar Khan of Tapa, Bazid Khan Sharani^
Sher Khan and Mahomed Azaz Khan Isakhel. But the Sikhs
found allies also : Mir Alam Khan of Madan, the intimate
friend of Ram Singh Chapawala, Musa Khan of Sakandarkhel ;
and on their side, too, were numbers, discipline and guns.
But the gallant borderers at first got the best of the fight
and took possession of the town of Dalipgarh, while the Sikhs
had to stand on the defensive. But this was a temporary
advantage, and the Sikhs attacked the Mahomedans in force,
drove them out of the town with great loss and closely in-
vested the fort. The Malik might have held the fort for



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SHAHPUR DISTRICT. 393

ever against the besiegers had there been a supply of water;
but the well was then being sunk, and the defenders were
soon reduced to the last extremity. They dug night and
day, but they could reach no water, and at last were compel-
led to surrender. Fateh Khan, to whom the Sikhs would
never haye given quarter even had he deigned to ask for it,
was shot down at the gateway of the fort, and Mahomed Alam
Khan and Sher Khan Isakhel and Lai Baz Khan of Bazar
were carried away as prisoners, and did not recover their
liberty till after the final defeat of the Sikh army at Gujrat.

On the annexation of the Fanjab it was not easy to
discover the real position of the family with regard to estates
and allowances. At the death of Khudayar Khan in 1837
the estate was divided between his son Fateh Khan and his
nephew Kadar Bakhsh. The former commanded twenty-twO
sowars, and the latter thirty-three ; the allowance of Fateh
Khan was Bs. 1,000, the same as his father had held as chabuk-
sowar ; that of Kadar Bakhsh was Bs. 720 ; and, besides
this, there was Bs. 10,440 for the pay of the troopers.
When Kadar Bakhsh died the jagir was continued to
his son Sher Mahomed Khan. In Jawahir Singh's time
Fateh Khan was allowed one*quarter of the revenue collec-
tions of Mitha Tawana and Khushabi in consideration of the
former position of his family in the district. This chaharam,
or fourth, amounted to Bs. 8,345 a year, but the Malik only
held it one year. Under Lai Singh it was resumed, as were
his other allowances, and his sowars were discharged. Fateh
Khan seems also to have received from Baja Gulab Singh,
the farm of the salt revenue, some percentage on the col-
lections at Fatehpur, where in 1842 he had assisted to re-open
and work a long disused mine. When sent by Jawahir
Singh as Oovernor of Dera Ismail Khan, his pay was fixed
at Bs. 10,000 ; but this was nominal ; and at so great a distance
from Lahore a (Governor could make his pay what he liked.



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«94 THE PANJAB CHIEFS.

Fateh Sher Khan, son of Fateh Khan, served as one of
Major Edwardes' chief oflBlcers, and fought with the greatest
gallantry throughout the war of 1848-49. At its close
the Government was anxious adequately to reward the
services of the Tawanas and allowed them one-fourth of the
revenues of the country from which they had been driven
by Ranjit Singh. The whole amounted to Rs. 50,105,
including Sher Mahomed's jagir of Rs. 6,945, and this
being resumed a jagir of Rs. 6,000 in perpetuity was
granted to Sher Mahomed Khan, and one of the same
amount to Fateh Sher Khan and his four brothers ;
Fateh Sher Elhan taking Rs. 2,000 and his brothers
Rs. 1,000 each. In addition to these perpetual grants, Sher
Mahomed Khan's personal jagir of Rs. 3,240 was continued
to him as a pension for life, while Fateh Sher Khan received a
cash pension of Rs. 5,000 and Sahib Khan of Rs. 480 a year.
These Maliks and their relatives again proved loyal in the
Mutiny.

The leading men now living are Malik Fateh Sher Khan
and Malik Sher Mahomed Khan ; the one founding his claim on
the distinguished pre-eminence of his celebrated father, Fateh
Khan, and the other standing on his own merits and as
representative of the elder branch. Their mutual jealousy
has divided the family and their adherents into rival factions,
whose jealousy, each of the other, has too often involved the
Chiefs in vexatious litigation, impairing their fortune and
influence.

Malik Fateh Sher Khan, after serving with distinction
and gallantry imder Edwardes at Multan in 1848-49 at
the head of four hundred horse, was one of the first of the
great Chiefs who answered to the call made upon them by
John Lawrence at the outbreak of the Mutiny in 1857. He at
once raised a regiment of irregular cavalry and joined the
Uariana Field Force under Qeneral Van Cortlandt. He and



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SHAHPUR DISTRICT. 195

his men were engaged in seyeral actionSi notably at Hissar,
Bangali and Jamalpur^ and were on every occasion
distingnished for their dash and gallantry. After the fall
of Dehli the Tawana Horse were attached to the movable
column under the command of. Colonel Gerard, and behaved
well at the battle of Namaul, when the rebels were
completely defeated with heavy loss. They afterwards aided
in restoring order in the Gurgaon district and took part in
many engagements. They were much commended for
their good conduct both in the field and in quarters ; and Malik
Fateh Sher Khan, their leader, showed himself to be a bold
and daring Chieftain, a gallant soldier and a right loyal
subject. For his fidelity and courage he was rewarded with
the title of Khan Bahadar and a life jagir of Rs. 1,200 in
addition to the perpetual jsfigir of Rs. 2,000 and the life
pension of Rs. 5,000, which, as already stated^ were granted to
him after annexation. He owns twenty-five thousand acres
of somewhat unproductive land near his home at Mitha
Tawana on the border of the Sind-Sagar Thai, and he holds
a lease of two thousand acres in the same neighbourhood,
chiefly used- for purposes of grazing. He stands first among
the Imperial Darbaris of the Shahpur district.

Malik Sher Mahomed Khan, Khan Bahadar, comes
second on the List. In 1849 he commanded a body of horse,
and was present throughout the operations before Multan,
where he displayed bravery, intelligence and zeal. From
Multan, sent with a body of horse and foot on detached duty,
he marched along the banks of the Jhilam and compelled a
Sikh garrison to evacuate Khushab, and, following close on
their retreating steps, he crossed the river and took the fort of
Shahpur. Turning back, he attacked Mitha Tawana, where
a strong party of Ghorcharas had taken refuge. The garrison
capitulated, and treasure amounting to Rs. 12,000 fell into
the Malik's hands ; and of this sum he at once sent Rs. 7,000 to



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S96 THE PANJAB CHIEFS.

Taylor at Dera Ismail Khan. The districts round Ehushab
andMitha Tawana being now clear, the Malik again crossed
the river and ejected the rebel garrison from Sahiwal, where he
captured a gun. He next laid siege to Ahmadabad, which he
took and partly destroyed. In the middle of the work of
destruction he found himself opposed to a vastly superior
Sikh force from Find Dadan Khan, and was obliged to retire ;
but the Sikhs were unable to follow up their advantage, for
near Jbawarian they were met by a body of foot and horse
under Sahib Khan and Langar Khan, and were driven back
on Find Dadan Elhan with great slaughter and with the loss
of their stores and guns. The great victory of Gujrat followed
very shortly afterwards, and the rebels everywhere laid down
their arms, thus rendering further activity on the part of the
MaUk unnecessary.

It is true that, from a military point of view, none of
these engagements were of great moment, nor was the fighting
very severe. But, in estimating the value of the services
rendered by Sher Mahomed, it must be remembered that they
were performed in the face of the Sikh army, and that the
probable issue of the contest with the Khalsa had not yet
become apparent; so that, by espousing in so uncompromising a
manner the English cause, he braved utter ruin to himself and
his family. " It was a great advantage," writes Taylor, " to
have so active and loyal a partizan in the Sind-Sagar Doab, by
whose exertions the atmosphere was cleared of hostile parties;
and the officials and the large Sikh detachments in Find Dadan
Khan, Bhera, and other places in the neighbourhood, were
prevented from draining the country for supplies for the army.

On the outbreak of the Mutiny the Malik raised a body
of three himdred horse, which was employed first in keeping
order in the Ois-Satlaj and Dehli Divisions, and in 1858 was
on active service under the Commander-in-Chief in Oudh,
where it took part in several actions with distinction. The



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SHAHPUR DISTRICT. $97

duties allotted to the Malik were performed in a maimer which
gained him the respect and good-will of the oflBlcers under
whom he served; and the Government of India showed
appreciation of his services by conferring upon him the title
of EbaH Bahadar and by assigning him a life jagir of Bs. 600
in addition to the perpetual jagir of Es. 6,000 and the
life pension of Bs. 3,240 which were conferred on him after
annexation. He owns thirty thousand acres of improductive
land in the Ehushab Thai, and he holds on lease fifteen
hundred acres of irrigated land near the Jhilam.

Malik Sahib Khan, Khan Bahadar, C.S.I., uncle of Malik
Sher Mahomed Khan, did excellent service in 1848 on the
occasion of the pursuit of Bhai Maharaj Singh and in the
capture of his followers. He and Langar E3ian of Sahiwal
were the first to arrive at Jhang after a long chase, and were
thus present in the attack upon the Bhai, in which Sahib
Khan personally engaged and killed several of his adherents.
The Malik then took his men down to Multan, and was present
during the early portion of the siege. Thence, sent north
on detached duty, he attacked a body of the enemy near
Chachran, defeated them with great slaughter, capturing four
of their zamburahs. In May 1857, on the outbreak of the
Mutiny, he raised a body of three hundred horse, with whom he
was present at the affair at Jhilam against the mutineers of
the 14th Infantry, and afterwards, imder Mr. Cooper, against
the mutineers of the 26th Regiment at Ajnala. Here Sahib
Khan's advice and tact were most conspicuous in bringing
about the capture of nearly two hundred mutineers without a
single shot being fired, his party consisting of but forty
dismounted sowars. Sahib Khan's contingent was then
employed in preserving order aroimd Cawnpore, where the
people were still practically in rebellion. The duty of guard-
. ing the passage of the Janma was successfully undertaken. At
Kalpi) again, they were highly commended for their gallantry



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«98 THE PANJAB CHIEFS.

in ooyering the working parties engaged in erecting batteries.
Tbey then accompanied General Napier in his Central India
Campaign, and were on all occasions forward when fighting
was anticipated.

For his Mutiny services Malik Sahib Ehan was giy^i
the title of Ehan Bahadar and a life jagir of Rs. 1,200
in addition to his previous life pension of Rs. 480; and on
his return to the Panjab he obtained a large grant of land^
and excavated a canal from the Jbilam for irrigation purposes,
devoting himself with great success to its development.
He took a great interest in horse-breeding, and, by his care and
intelligence, did much to improve the indigenous breeds. Best
of all, he kept himself aloof from the family quarrels in which
his relatives had been only too apt to engage, and he earned a
high reputation for straightforward truthfulness and integrity.
It was for this, as well as for his gallant and loyal beha-
viour in the field, that the Companionship of the Star of
India was conferred on him. He died in 1879, and his
jagir and pension expired with him. His only son, Umar
Hayat Khan, is a promising lad, receiving education at
the Aitchison College. The estate is in charge of the
Court of W»rds, and comprises thirteen thousand acres
of valuable land, with an income of a lakh of rupees per
annum. There is a large sum of invested savings. Malik
Umar Hayat Ehan is third on the list of Imperial Darbaris
in the district.

Malik Jahan Khan, brother of Malik Sahib Ehan, served
for many years as Eardar under Diwan Sawan Mai; but
finding that his merits were not sufficiently appreciated, he
left the Diwan in 1848 and joined Bdwardes with sixty
sowars. He fought two successful engagements at Dajoa in
the Jhang district, and thus helped to prevent two strong
detachments of the enemy from joining the main body at
Multan. In the early portion of the siege he was sent with



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3HAHPUR DISTRICT. 399

Sahib Elian on detached duty, and was present in the affair
at Chaohran. On the outbreak of the Mutiny he assisted
Sahib Khan in raising a body of irregular horse, and, with him,
went through the Central India Campaign under General
Napier. At the close of the Mutiny he received a pension of
Bs. 360 per annum in addition to his previous pension of
Rs. 360, and on his death a pension of Rs. 190 per annum was
continued to his widow and daughter. He left one son,
Malik Mahomed Khan, who has acted at various times ad
Munsif, but has never been permanently in (rovemment
service. He owns some land in Mitha Tawana ; but his in-
come is principally derived from a grant of five hundred acres
of irrigated land near Shahpur, which he holds on lease from
the State. He has a deat in Imperial Darbars.

Malik Fateh Khan, another brother of the Malik Sahib
Khan, is the last survivor of the sons of Ahmadyar Khan. He
served with Bdwardes' force near Multan in 1848, and was
wounded in the action at Chaniot. He also took part in the
affair at Chachran, and proved himself a gallant soldier
and a good swordsman. On the outbreak of the Mutiny he
joined the force under his brother Sahib Khan, and was
present at Jhilam, Ajnala and Firozshahar, displaying the ut-
most alacrity in the pursuit of the rebels. For these services
he was given a life-mafi of one hundred and fifty acres. He
owns some five hundred acres, and holds on lease a similar
plot of irrigated land near Shahpur. He receives a seat in
Imperial Darbars. His son, Muzafar Khan, a fine looking
young fellow and a good horseman, is a Jamadar in the
Qaide Corps at Hoti Mardan.

To return to the other branch of the family, Malik
Alam Sher Khan, brother of Malik Fateh Sher Khan, served
with his clansmen in the Mutiny at Hissar and Jhajar, doing
good service. He holds a share yielding one thousand rupees
annually in the perpetual jagir granted after annexation to



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300 THE PANJAB CHIEFS.

the sons of Fateh Khan. He is a Viceregal Darbari. His
son Hayat E!han is a Jamadar in the 17th Bengal Cavalry.
MaUk Sher Bahadar Elhan, another brother, who enjoys a
similar share in the perpetual jagir, served with the Tawana
Horse in the Mutiny and was present in many general ac-
tions. He is now a Monsif, and bears the character of an
honest and hardworking official. He is a Viceregal Darbari.
His son, Elhan Mahomed, is a Dafadar in the 19th Bengal
Lancers. Malik Ahmad Khan, the fourth surviving brother,
holds a share in the perpetual jagir. He is an Extra Assist-
ant Commissioner, and is entitled to a seat in Imperial
Darbars. His son Malik Khan is a Jamadar in the 13th
Bengal Lancers.

Other members of this family deserving mention are
Fateh Sher Khan*, son of Alam Sher, late Deputy Inspector
of Police. His son Khan Mahomed is a Basaldar in the 19th
Bengal Lancers ; another son, Sakandar Khan, is Wardi-Major
in the 11th Bengal Lancers. Fateh Sher Khan was with
his cousin, Malik Fateh Khan, when the latter was killed at
Dalipgarh. He was taken to the Bhotas fort by the Sikhs,
and afterwards ransomed for eleven hundred rupees by
Edwardes. He served as Jamadar with the Tawana Horse
in the Mutiny, and distinguished himself in the affair
at Firozshahar. He holds a life-mafi of fifty acres for his
military services.



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SHAHPUR DISTRICT. 301

SABDAB MUBARAK KHAN, SAHIWAL.



MALIK BAJAB KHAN.

OqI Bhalftk KhAD.

Hot Khan.

Mabarak Khaxu

Bndha Khan.
I

Sahib khan. Lodha Khan.

Langar Khan.

I

Lai Khan. Kabarak Khan. Bahram Khan. Lashkar Khan.
I Khan. "' " "*^ "



Fateh khan. Mahomed Khan. Kannn Khaa«



Alayar Khan. Fateh Khan
D. 1830.
I



Lanmr Khan Lai Khan

D. 1853. D. 18tt.



Mahomed Hayat Khan Mvbisak Koav Lashkar Khan

D. 1882. B. 1829. B. 1889.

ZnUakar Khan Oharacr Khan Fateh Mahomed Ahmaa Khan Amir Khan

B. 1861. B. 1864. Khan Khan i. 188i. b. 1887.

B. 1866. B. 1866.

Ohnlam Mahdi
B. 1888.

The Biluch family of Sahiwal came to India in 1527.
Malik Bajar Khan was a petty Chief of Each Makran, the
most westerly province of Biluchistan, who had the misfortune
to have a handsome daughter. The fame of the young girl's
beauty having reached the ears of the neighbouring
Sistan Chief, he asked her in marriage ; but Bajar Khan had
no desire for the alliance and, having for some time opposed
his more powerful neighbour with indifferent success, he fled
with his family and retainers to Dehli, the throne of which
the Emperor Babar had lately won. He was well
received by the monarch ; his younger brother Amir obtained
the jagir of Farakhabad, where his descendants still reside,
and Bajar Khan received the Ghiefship of the Thai country



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3oa THE PANJAB CHIEFS.

abont Sliahpur in the Fanjab, wkich was tlien in a most
unsettled state. He took up his quarters near Khushab, and
soon succeeded in reducing the troublesome tribes of the
neighbourhood to something like order. In 1530, at the age oE
seyentj, he died, and was succeeded by his son Qui Bhalak
Khan, who founded several new villages in the Shahpur
district, and defeated the Khatkian tribes with great slaughter
at a spot named after the battle, Hadanwala^ {haM^ a bone,)
from the immense number of the slain, whose bones for long
after whitened the plain. The village is now known as Hadali.*
He obtained from the Emperor the tract of country around
Sahiwal, which he peopled and brought into cultivation.
He died in 1547, having some time before his death resigned
the Chief ship in favour of his son Hot l^ian. Little is known of
this man or of his two immediate successors ; but Sahib Khan,
the sixth Chief of Sahiwal, was a man of so cruel and
oppressive a disposition that the people rebelled against his
authority and, having deposed him, made his nephew, Langar
Khan, Chief in his stead. Langar E^han was of an easy
disposition, and much improved bis territory, paying great
attention to agriculture. Fearing that his four sons by
different wives might quarrel, he built for each a separate fort
in the neighbourhood of Sahiwal, one of which is still standing.
This remarkable method of ensuring the preservation of peace
was not successful, and on the death of Langar Khan in 1735
his sons began to quarrel fiercely among themselves. Lai
Khan, the eldest^ held his own, and having put to death his
brothers Bahram Khan and Lashkar Khan and his nephew
Kanun Khan felt himself secure. When Ahmad Shah Durani
first invaded India, Lai Khan gave him every assistance in
the way of supplies and carriage. The Durani Prince treated
him with such consideration that Mubarak Khan, his only
remaining brother, became jealous of his fame and, conspiring

• Tho TawauM defeated the Awans at the game place.



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SHAHPUR DISTRICT. 303

with Fateh Khan of Buoharianwala, brought a large force
against him. In the battle that ensued Lai Khan was
defeated and slain.

Fateh Khan was but twelve years old when he succeeded
his father. He was a clever boy, and soon avenged his
father's death, forcing Mubarak Khan and his family to take
refuge at Bahawalpur. Great severity must have been shown
to the adherents of Mubarak ; for a large emigration took
place from the district, the Biluches of Khai, Kot Isa Shah
and Kadarpur, going over to the Sials of Jhang. Fateh Khan's
reign was a short one. He was taken prisoner in an Afghan
invasion, carried to Dera Ismail Khan and there put to death.
He left no son, and his two brothers were so young that
their mother, Bhandi, took the direction of affairs. She
possessed courage and ability, and was obeyed by the clan,
and her only fault waa that she was a woman. In 1750 Raja
Kura Mai, the lieutenant of Ahmad Shah, arrived at Sahiwal
and summoned the infant Chiefs to his presence. Bhandi
suspected treachery and, refusing compliance, called the troops
to arms and attacked the Eaja, but was totally defeated.
The children were taken prisoners and, it is believed, put to
death.

Mubarak now thought his turn was come, and, returning
from Bahawalpur, assimied the Chiefship without much
opposition and held it till his death, in 1770. His son
Mahomed Khan, found it difficult to make head against the
Sikhs, who were at this time overrunning the country. Sardar
Jhanda Singh Bhangi attacked Sahiwal, but was repulsed,
though he took possession of a portion of the territory.
Mahomed Khan at length succeeded in recovering this with
some loss, but was assassinated soon afterwards by some
Sikhs and Biluches who had come to Sahiwal on pretence of
paying him a complimentary visit. Alayar Khan having
punished his father's murderers turned his attention to the



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804 THE PANJAB CHIEFS.

improyement of the country, and was engaged in cutting a
canal from the Jhilam, when he was killed by a fall from his
horse. Fateh Khan, the fourteenth Chief, was a minor at the
time of his brother's death, and for some time his mother Ala
Jawahi acted as regent, in conjunction with Diwan Daya
Bam. When the boy grew up he determined to seize the power
which his mother and the Diwan seemed to wish to retain, and
his bold policy was completely successful. He then turned
his arms against the Sikhs and recovered from them the forts
of Nahang and Shekh Jalal. From Mit Singh Bhangi he took
Dera Jara, and soon became dreaded for his energy and
courage. On all sides he recovered ancestral possessions and
acquired new ones, till he at length ruled over a larger tract
of country than any of his predecessors, and his revenue
amounted to about Bs. 1,50,000. When Mahan Singh rose to
power Fateh Khan thought it politic to pay him a small
tribute ; and in 1804 he agreed to give Banjit Singh yearly
twenty-five horses and twenty-five camels. This tribute was
in 1809 commuted to Bs. 12,000 per annum.

It is not likely that Fateh Khan paid the tribute with any
great regularity ; but this point is immaterial, for an excuse
was never wanting when Banjit Singh desired to rob a weaker
neighbour; so in the spring of 1810, having collected his



Online LibraryCharles Francis Massy Sir Lepel Henry GriffinThe Panjab chiefs: historical and biographical notices of the ..., Volume 2 → online text (page 21 of 29)