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cruel dealing of the papists. 13. Dis-
putation at Oxford between Dr. Smith
with his other colleagues and doctors
and bishop Ridley. 14. The order and
manner of the examination of Dr. Ridley
had the 13th day of September 1555
before the Queen's commissioners. 15.
Certain matters wherein Stephen Gardi-
ner, bishop of Winchester, varieth from
other of the papists, and from him-
self, as touching the sacrament of the
Lord's supper. 16. Letters. With the
exception of the visitation articles, the
foregoing are included in bishop Ridley's
works, edited for the Pai'ker society by
the Rev. Henry Christmas, M.A., P.S.A.
Cambridge, 8vo. 1841. The following
appear to have perished : 17. De abomi-
nationibus sedis Romana3 et Pontificum
Eomanorum. 18. Annotationes in Ton-
stalli libros de Transubstantiatione. 19.
De electione et predestinatione. 20. Aimo-

tationes in duas Watsoni oonciones quadri-
gesimales coram regina. It is somewhat
remarkable that none of bishop Ridley's
sermons have come down to us. He
was engaged in the compilation of the
book of common prayer, and it is believed
that he assisted Cranmer in framing the
articles of the church, originally forty-
two in number. It is said that he, arch-
bishop Cranmer, and bishop Tunstal
superintended the edition of the Bible
1540. The Catechism of 1552 has been
sometimes attributed to him, but it seems
he was not the author, although he pe-
rused it and made notes upon it as it
passed through the press. A walk in the
garden of Pembroke hall is still dis-
tinguished by the name of Ridley's walk.
In his last farewell letter to all his true
and faithful friends in God, a little before
he suffered, he refers to " Pembroke hall,
of late mine own college and my charge,"
calls it " a right worshipful college," and
adds, " In thy orchard (the walls, butts
and trees, if they could speak, would bear
me witness,) I learned without book
almost all Pauls epistles, yea and, I
ween, all the canonical epistles, save only
the Apocalypse." His portrait is at the
palace of Pulham and at Pembroke hall,
and has been engraved by R. White, W.
Marshall, R. Houston, Miller and Dean,
also in Holland's Heroologia. Arms :
G. on a cheveron between 3 falcons
close A. as many pellets. Crest : a buU
passant G.

Liyes by Glocester Ridley, Christmas, and
Hone. Fox's Acts & Mon. Downes's Lives, Uii.
Tanner's Bibl. Brit. Strype. Burnet's Hist.
Kef. Biog. Brit. Ne-weourt's Repert. i. 26.
Smith's Aiitogr. Granger. Wood's Coll. &
Halls, 55. Berkenliout's Biog. Lit. 174. MS.
Richardson, 24. "Wood's Ath. Oxon. ed. Bliss,
i. 227. Hodgson's Northumberland, ii. (2) 323.
Hasted's Kent, ii. 42, iii. 623, iv. 610. MS.
Baker, vi. 240, xxiv. 87, 89, gi, 02, 96, 97, xxxi.
41. Fuller's Ch. Hist. Faulkner's Fulham,
186, 204. Nethercliif' s Autogr. Miscell. Wood's
Annals, ii. 54, 95, 123 — 126. Chron. of Queen
Jane, 27, 68, 99. Lemon's Cal. State Pap. 9, 11,
16— 18, 22, 34, 51. Greyfriars' Chron. xxt. ;
xxvii, 66, 74-^6, 78, 81, 89, 96. Tytler's Edw. 6
& Mary, i. 428—432. Trollope's Christ's Hospital,
34 — 38,46. Machyn's Diary, 38, 57, 96. Cooper's
Ann. of Camb. ii. 23, 26, 27, 31 — 36, 64. Camb.
Portfolio, 244, 482. Gough's General Index.
State Pap. Hen. 8, i. 843. Richardson's Godwin.
Smith's Ann. Univ. Coll. Oxford, 170. Hawes &
Loder's Fi'amlingham, 226. Le Neve's Fasti, i. 51.
ii. 300, 570, iii. 356, 617, 674. Rymer, xv. 163,
165, 178, 181, igi, 192, 222 — 227, 250. Neal'a
Hist, of Puritans, i. 31, 42, 47, ^, 70, 127, 150,
Brook's Lives of the Puritans, 1. 7, 8, 12, 129.
Fuller's Hist, of Camb. ed. Prickctt & W^igh^
208, 248. Durham AVills, 397.



Gardiner, clothworker, of Bury S. Ed-
mund's, was bom in that town about
1495. He was educated in Trinity haU,
of which he became fellow, and where he
applied himself with great diligence to
the study of classical literature and the
laws. He proceeded doctor of the civil
law 1520, and doctor of canon law 1521.
He was tutor to a son of the dulie of
Norfolk, and was by that nobleman in-
troduced to Wolsey, to whom he became
confidential secretary. He was also made
chaplain and almoner to the king, and
in 1525 was elected master of Trinity
hall. Soon after this period he devoted
all his energies in favour of the king's
divorce from Catharine of Arragon. He
was sent ambassador to Eome on that
business 1527-8. Although unsuccess-
ful in this mission, his conduct gave the
king great satisfaction. He was ad-
mitted archdeacon of Norfolk 1 March
1528-9, and was employed as the king's
advocate on the hearing of the divorce
case before cardinals Wolsey and Cam-
peggio. He soon afterwards became
secretai-y of state, and on the 25th March
1531 was collated to the archdeaconry
of Leicester. He is also said, but we
think erroneously, to have been arch-
deacon of Worcester. On the 27th No-
vember 1531 he was consecrated bishop
of Winchester. He was dispatched as
ambassador to France 1533 and 1536,
and to Germany 1539, and on his return
from the latter embassy he suggested the
act of the six articles, in carrying out
which he took a conspicuous part. He
was elected chancellor of this university
in or about 1540, in which year he again
went as ambassador to France. He
somewhat reluctantly married the king
to Catharine Parr 12 July 1543, and was
afterwards concerned in a discreditable
but unsuccessful plot for prosecuting her
for heresy. Prom this period the king's
favour was withdrawn, and he most
peremptorily refused to name him as one
of the executors of his will. On the
accession of Edward VI. bishop Gardiner
continued to oppose the reformation, and
being required to promise obedience to
the royal injunctions refused to do so.
He was committed to the Pleet 25 Sept.
1547, and remained in confinement till
9 January following. During his im-
prisonment he was removed from the

chancellorship of the university. He was
appointed to preach at S. Paul's-oross
before the young king 29 June 1548, and
in his sei-mon enlarged upon the roman
cathoUc doctrine with respect to the
eucharist. For this he was committed to
the Tower and soon afterwards deprived
of his bishopric, although he made a
vigorous and very able defence before
the commissioners who were appointed
to try him. He was also removed from
the mastership of Trinity hall about Feb.
1551-2. Immediately on the accession of
Mary he was liberated from the Tower,
restored to his see, to the chancellorship
of the university, and to the mastership
of Trinity hall, and appointed lord high-
chancellor of England. He crowned the
queen and married her to Philip of Spain.
In the merciless persecution of the re-
formers which ensued, and which has
made that reign so infamous, he took a
leading part. He died of the gout at
Whitehall on the 12th November 1555.
On the passion of our Saviour being read
to him in his last moments, he exclaimed
when they came to the denial of S. Peter,
" Negavi cum Petro, exivi cum Petro, sed
nondum flevi cum Petro ;" but it is sup-
posed that his remorse arose not from
the cruelties he had inflicted, but from
the temporary renunciation of his allegi-
ance to the pope. His bowels were buried
before the high altar of S. Mary Overies
in Southwark, where his exequies were
celebrated with striking solemnity 21
November. His body was afterwards in-
terred in his cathedral of Winchester,
where is his chantry-chapel of very in-
different architecture. It has been much
defaced. It is said he died worth 40,000
marks. He was author of the following
works: 1. De vera obedientia. London,
4to. 1534 &c. 2. Conquestio ad M. Bu-
cerum de impudenti ejusdem pseudologia.
Louvaine, 1544 &c. 3. Detection of the
devil's sophistrie robbing the people of
the true bylaef in the sacrament of the
aulter. Lond. 8vo. 1546. 4. Epistola ad
M. Bucerum qua cessantem hactenus ac
cunotantem et frustatoria responsionis
poUicatione orbis de se judicia callide
sustinentem urget ad respondendum de
impudentissima ejusdem pseudologia
justissime conquestioni ante . annum
editse. Louvaine, 4to. 1546. 5. A decla-
ration of those articles G. Joy hath gone
about to confute. London, 4to. 1546. 6.



An explanation and assertion of the true
catholick faith, touching the most blessed
sacrament of the anlter ; with a confuta-
tion of a book written against the same.
Rouen, 12mo. 1551. 7. Palinodia libri
de vera obedientia — Confutatio cavillatio-
num quibus eucharistiae sacrameutum ab
impiis Caphamaitis impeti solet. Paris,
4to. 1552. 8. Contra convitia Martini
Buceri. , Louvaine, 1554. 9. Exetasin
testimoniorum qu« M. Bucems minus
genuine e patribus produxit de done
coelibatus. Louvaine, 4to. 1554. 10. Trac-
tatus ad Bucerum scriptum in quo pro-
bare cognatur contemptum humanse legis
autoritate latae gravius et severius vin-
dicandum quae divinaB legis qualumcun-
que transgressionum, MS. C.C.C. Cantab.
11. Concio coram rege Edw. VI. 29 June
1548. MS. C. C. C. Cantab. 12. Articles
in his defence before the Judges dele-
gates. — ^Protestatio contra auctoritatem
judicum delegatonim. — ^Additional posi-
tions and articles. — Other articles of
defence. — ^Allegations, &c. MS. C. C. C.
Cantab. 13. Exercitationes quando turri
Londinensis incarcerabatur. MS. C. C. C.
Cantab. 14. Annotationes in dialogum Jo-
hannis Oecolampadii cum suo Nathanaele
de mysterio eucharistico disceptantis.
MS. Lambeth. To him has been attri-
buted The necessary doctrine and erudi-
tion of a Christian man, published in the
name of Henry Vill., and he revised the
Gospel of S. Luke for the bible of 1540.
He was a man of great genius and
ability, his learning was not inconsider-
able, and he was distinguished as an
orator, yet he was very odious in his
own day and generation, and to this
hour his name is almost a byeword for
craft, sophistry, and cruel intolerance.
Without attempting to controvert either
the general opinion of his contemporaries
or the judgment of posterity, we may
perhaps be permitted here to indicate
some better points of his character. On se-
veral memorable occasions he gave sound
constitutional advice to the sovereign.
In framing the articles on the marriage
of the queen with king Philip, he was
particularly mindful of the honour and
dignity of his native land. He encou-
raged literature, patronised Ascham, and
befriended sir Thomas Smith. He was
instrumental in the prosecution of car-
dinal Wolsey's great collegiate foundation
at Oxford, and was indefatigable in sup-

porting the rights and promoting the
honour of this university. When some
over-zealous romanists urged the im-
prisonment of Peter ^Martyr, the bishop,
to his honour, not only replied that he
must be protected as he had come to
England on the invitation of govern-
ment, but also famished him with sup-
plies to return in safety to his own coun-
try. Portraits of bishop Gardiner are
at Trinity hall and in the picture-galleiy
at Oxford, and have been engraved by
E. White and W. M. Gardiner. Arms:
At . on a, cross 0. between 4 griffins'
heads erased A. langued G. a garland of
the last.

Biog. Brit. Strype. Burnet's Hist. Kef.
Fox's Acts & Mon. Gongli's General Index.
Anderson's Ann. of Engl. Bible. Nugle Antiqaae,
i. 48. Kichardson's Godwin. Le Neve's Fa^tL
'Tanner's Bibl. Brit. Smith's Autographs. Gent.
Mag. N. s. xliii. 495. Lord Campbell's Chancellors,
4th edit. iL 171. Wood's Atli. Oxon.L 681. "Wood's
Coll. & Halls, ii. 972. Machyn's Diary, g6, ^,
347. Fnller's WortMes. Fuller's Ch. Hist.
'Tjtler's Edw. 6 & Mary. Howell's State Trials,
i. 551. Ellis's Letters, fll ii. 3, 7, 10, (3) ii. 157.
Kymer, xiv. 429, 608, 795, 796, xv. Fiddes'
Wolsev. Lloyd's State Worthies. Nasmith's
Cat. MS. C. C. C'.C. 82, 85, 92,93, 104, 136, 176, 201,
202. Xieolas's Proc. Pr. Council, Tii. Tre-
Telyan Papers, 147. Warton's Sir Thos. Pope,
238. Bertenhout's Biog. Lit- 121. Dodd's Ch.
Hist. L 421 — ^435. Hallam's Const. Hist. L 95, n.

of Winchester, was MA. of this univer-
sity. He also studied at Oxford. He
embraced the opinions of the reformers,
and in January 1540-1 was charged before
the privy-council for setting forth an
epistle written by Melanctbon, in viola-
tion of the act of the six articles,
and he was committed to the Fleet du-
ring the king's pleasure. He held the
rectories of S. Peter and S. Andrew iu
Walpole Xorfolk, which he resigned 31
May 1544. On the 9th June following he
was presented to the vicarage of Little-
bury Essex, and in 1547 was appointed
preacher to the royal commissioners for
visiting the dioceses of Salisbury, Exeter,
Bath, Bristol, and Chichester. On the
20th of May 1553 he was collated to the
rectory of S. Martin Ludgate London,
and on the 10th of July in the same
year preferred to the prebend of Abs-
thorpe in the church of York. On the
accession of queen Mary he left the king-
dom and resided successively at Copen-
hagen, Geneva and Frankfort. He died
at the latter place 6 Dec. 1555. His
works are, 1. A translation from the



latin of, The acoompt, reckenyng, and
confession of Huldrik Zwinglius, bishop
of Zuryk, &c. Zurich, 8v6. 1548 ; Geneva,
12mo. 1555. 2. An Epistle wrytten from
Copynhauen in Denmarke vnto an Bng-
lyshe Marchaunt dweUyng at Wynchestre
in Englaude. This and the two follow-
ing works are annexed to the translation
of Zwinglius. 3. An Epistle written to
a good Lady, for the comforte of a
frende of hers, wherein the Nouations
erroure now reuiued by the Anabaptistes
is confiited, and the synne agaynste the
holy Goste playnly declared. 4. The
prayer of Daniel turned into metre and
applied vnto ovir tyme. This was licen-
sed to John Aide as a ballad in 1569 or
1570. 5. An exhortation to communi-
cants. 6. To the sick and dying. 1. A
meditation of a pregnant woman. 8.
Dialogue between a physician and a
patient. 9. Against secret contracts.
10. Against the Anabaptists. 11. Against
the arguments of the Anabaptists. 12.
An address on behalf of the poor of the
city of London. 13. Pious prayers for
every day in the week. Lond. 8vo. temp.
E. 6. 14. Marten Micron, minister of
the Dutch church in London, his short
and faithfull instruction for the edifyeng
and comfort of the symple christians,
which intende worthely to receyue the
holy Supper of the Lorde. Translated
from the dutch. London, 1552. 15. John
a Lasco on the discipline of the Church.
A translation. 16. Differentia Christi
et Dei Mauzim. A translation. Cottis-
ford was also, it is said, engaged in the
compilation of the liturgy.

Herbert's Ames, 711, 1571, 1584. Tanner's
Bibl. Brit. Gougll's General Index. Wood's
Atb. Oxon. ed. Bliss, i. 231. Bale, ix. 63.
Nicolas's Privy Council Proc. vii. 104, 107.
Kitson's Bibl. Poetica, 174. Collier's Register
of the Stationers' Comp.i. 218. MS. Cole,xxvi. 198.

Bledlow Buckinghamshire, was educated
at Eton, and elected thence to Ejng's
college 1496. He was bachelor of canon
law 1504, and was appointed archdeacon
of Durham 1515, in which year he also
became master of the hospital of S.
Giles at Kepyer in the county of Dur-
ham. He was also temporal and spiritual
chancellor of that diocese, and receiver of
the bishop's revenues. He was installed
prebendary of Heydour-cum-Walton in
the church of Lincoln 12 Teh. 1517-18 ;

occurs as rector of Houghton-le-Spring
in the county of Durham 1522, and held
the prebend of Eve'ston in the collegiate
church of Lanchester in the same county.
He was one of the counsellors appointed
to be resident with Henry Pitzroy duke
of Richmond the natural son of Henry
VIII. was collated to the prebend of Stil-
lington in the church of York 15 Feb.
1525-6, and about 1527 was elected pre-
sident of Queens' college, which office he
held about a year and a-half. He occurs
in a commission to treat for peace with
the king of Scots 1 Oct. 1528, and we
find him recorded as being present at
Holyrood 31 July 1534, when the king
of Scots swore to observe a peace then
concluded. He was installed dean of
Windsor 19 Dec. 1536, and became rector
of Chalfont S. Giles in his native county
15 Nov. 1540, in exchange for his prebend
at Lincoln. On 14 Jan. 1544-5 he
surrendered to the crown the hospital of
Kepyer. As dean of Windsor he alien-
ated some of the revenues of that church,
and in consequence of the complaints
against him on that account was obliged
to resign the deanery about the close of
1553. He died Jan. 1555-6, and was
buried at Chalfont S. Giles. By his will
he bequeathed goods and money for uses
then deemed pious, but soon afterwards
adjudged superstitious. On one occasion,
the date of which is not specified, he re-
covered the castle of Norham from the
hands of the Scots, and for his prowess
and policy had a grant of the following
arms : A on a pale between two saltires
engrailed coupe G. a dolphin in pale A. on
a chief Az. a lion rampant A. langued G.
between 2 birds 0. collared G. There is
extant a curious letter from him to cardi-
nal Wolsey respecting coal-pits and other

MS. Cole, xiii. 125, xlviii. 257. Rymer, xIt.
282, 541, XV. 67, l6g. Le Neve's Fasti. Lemon's
Cal. State Papers, 233. Hutchinson's Dxu-ham,
i. 498, 500, 11.282,388,602. Lipscombe's Bucks,
il. 6g, ill. 2^2. Nichols' Mem. of Duke of< Kich-
mond, xxiu, xxiv, xxix, xxx. Fiddes's Wolsey,
Collect. 206. Borderers' Table-Book, i. i8g, igi.
Archseologia, xv. 202.

JOHN CHAMBERS, a native of
Peterborough and from that circumstance
sometimes called Buegh, became monk
in the abbey there and studied both at
Oxford and Cambridge, and in the latter
university took the degree of M.A. 1505.
He was elected abbat of Peterborough



1528, and with Hs convent acknowledged
the king's supremacy _27 July 1534. He
surrendered his monastery to the king
1539, was constituted guardian of the
temporalities, and had an annual pension
of £266. 13s. id. and 100 loads of wood.
He proceeded B.D. in this university the
same year. On the ahhey of Peter-
horough being converted into an episco-
pal see 4 Sept. 1541, he being then one
of the king's chaplains was appointed
bishop, receiving consecration on the 23rd
of October. He died 7 Feb. 1555-6, and
was buried in the choir of his cathedral
on the 6th of March, with a goodly herse
and banners of his arms, the Trinity, our
Lady, S. Peter and S. John ; a herald at
aims attending with 100 mourners in
black gowns and coats, and many poor
in gowns. There was also a morrow
mass and a great dinner. There were
formerly two monuments to his memory
in Peterborough cathedral. On one was
this inscription :

Credo quod Redemptor meus vivit et in
nomssimo die de terra surrecturus sum et in
carne mea videbo Deum Salvatorem meum.
Iteposita est hec spes mea in sinu meo.

Moritur die Anno Domini milessimo


Also his figure in brass -n-ith these verees
underneath :

JEn piuSy en validus pastor jacet hie Johannes

Burghy Burgo nattis, ac domus htifas apex.
Cai caro, munduSy opes cesserunt, id genus

Prcelia divinus camea vincit amor.
Ordinis infestos redigens sub vindice mores,

Dmn comes ipse fuit, nwrna, lodque decor.
Pauperimos ditans, lapsis peccata remittens,

Mitibus ipse pius, asperimus rigidis.
Stay legsy funde preceSy Deus est cui singula

DiCy velit ipse dare celica regna sibi.

On another stately monument of clunch
was his recumbent statue exquisitely
carved. It is said that he was appointed
by-the convocation of 1540 to re^Tise the
translation of the Book of Revelations,
but this is doubtfal, as at that date he
was neither abbat nor bishop. By his
\vill, dated 31 Dec. 1554 and proved
8 Dec. 1556, he gave a pix and two silver
candlesticks to his cathedral, £20. for
repair of the fabric, £20. to Peterborough
bridge, and £20. at his fimeral to the poor
of Peterborough and his other manors.

Leland's Collect, vi. 154. Gunton and Patrick's
Peterborough, 57, 330. Richardson's God-win.
Dugdale's Warwicksh. 802. Fuller's Church Hist.
Rrmer, xiv. 731. Slachyn's Diary, loi, 3<i8.
Eighth Rep. D. K. Kec. .Append, ii. 298. "Wood's
Ath. Oxen. ed. Bliss, ii. 773. Dodd'sCh.Hist. i. 500.

ROBERT ALDRICH, a native of
Bumham Buckinghamshire, was elected
from Eton to King's college 1507. He
accompanied Erasmus on his &moas
pilgrimage to "Walsingham 1511, was
B.A. 1511-12, M.A. 1515, and master of
Eton school from 1515 to 1518. In
1517 a special grace passed that he might
be B.D. within two years, but he was
not admitted to that degree within the
prescribed period. He was a university
preacher 1523, and one of the proctors
of the university in the year following.
He was employed by the university to
write certain letters to the king 1527,
and was collated to the prebend of Cen-
tum Soldidorum in the church of Lincoln
18 July 1528, but exchanged it for
that of Decem Librarum in the same
church January 1528-9. He was a mem-
ber of the convocation 1529, when the
great case of the king's divorce was agi-
tated, and in the same year was incorpo-
rated at Oxford in the degree of B.D.
which he had previously taken here.
He commenced D.D. at Oxford 1530,
and was nominated by the crown to the
archdeaconry of Colchester 30 Dec. 1531.
In 1533 he accompanied the duke of
Xorfolk and others on an embassy to
the king of Prance and the pope, and
13 May 1534 wa^ constituted registrar
of the order of the garter and canon of
Windsor. He was elected provost of
Eton coUege 21 June 1536, became
almoner to queen Jane Seymour, and
was nominated bishop of Carlisle 18
June 1537. We find him vigorously
supporting the bill of the six articles in
the house of lords 1539. In 1540 he
was one of many eminent divines whom
the king appointed to compare the rites
and tenets of the church with the scrip-
tures and ancient writers. He complied
\Tith all the subsequent changes of re-
ligion, and in the reign of Mary acted
as a commissioner for the suppression
of heresies, and took a part in the pro-
ceedings against bishop Hooper, Dr.
Rowlaond Taylor, Dr. Crome, John Ro-
gers, and other protestants. He died at
Homcastle Lincolnshire 5 March 1555-6,
and was there buried. His learning is
highly extolled by Erasmus and Leland.
He had a share in the composition of
The Institution of a Christian Man, and
compiled The Register of the most noble
order of the Garter, commonly called the



Black Book, published by John Anstis,
Garter, fo. 1724. Mr. Anstis however
speaks disparagingly of this work, which
he says is fuU of mistakes, and he
terms its author a credulous antiquary.
Bishop Aldrich has latin verses in Hor-
man's Antibossicon, and verses and an
epistle also in latin prefixed to the same
author's Vulgaria. An able modern writer
alludes to this bishop's theological trea-
tises, but on examination it appears that
these are really nothing more than very
brief replies by him to certain questions
, put to various prelates and divines con-
sulted by the king in 1540.

Biog. Brit. ed. Kippis. Wood's Atli. Oxen. ed.
Bliss, i. 232. Richardson's Godwin. Knight's
Erasmus, 143. Fiddes's Wolsey, Collect, p. 198.
Cranmer's works, ed. Cox, ii. 246, 468. Alumni
Eton. 3, 57, 133. Tanner's Bibl. Brit. Newcourt's
Kepert. i. gl. Strype. Le Neve's Fasti. Bnmet's
Hist, of Bef. Dodd's Ch. Hist. i. 489. Erasmi
Epistoto, gol, 971, 998. P. P. Exp. Prin. Mary,
37, 219. Fuller's Wo'rthies. Anstis's Garter,
1. 393, 410, ii. 23. Lelandi Encomia, 70. Nichols's
Pilg. to Walsingham & Canterbury. Wright's
Mon. Lett. 49. MS. Cole, i. 14.8, xiii. 144.
Burn's Cumberland & Westmorland, li. 279.

Thomas Morysia, esq., sometime of Chard-
well Yorkshire, but who subsequently
settled in Hertfordshire, having married
a daughter of Thomas Merry of Hatfield
in that county. He was probably bom
in Hertfordshire, although his birth has
been also assigned to Essex and Oxford-
shire, and even to Scotland. He appeal's
to have been educated at Eton, and after-
wards at both the enghsh universities.
It is indeed said that he took a degree in
arts at Oxford. This may however be
doubted. He for some time studied the
law in one of the inns of court and then
travelled abroad for his greater improve-
ment, being, as there is reason to beheve,
attached to the english embassy at

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