Charles Henry Cooper.

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though he had probably been to a
great extent instrumental in bringing
about her marriage. By letters-patent,
dated Walden 4 Aug. 1541, he was trans-
lated to the newly-created bishopric of
Chester, being also then or soon after-
wards invested with archidiaconal powers
throughout the whole diocese. He was
deprived of his bishopric for being mar-
ried 16 March 1553-4. He however re-
canted all heretical opinions, expressed
contrition as to his marriage, and put
away his wife. Soon afterwards Bonner,
bishop of London, appointed him his
sufii'agan, and on 6 Nov. 1554 presented
him to the vicarage of Great Dunmow
Essex. His death took place about the
close of 1558, but whether he were buried
at Great Dunmow or in Chester cathedral
appears questionable. He had but one
eye, and did not enjoy a high reputation
for chastity. When deprived of the
bishopric of Chester he owed the crown
£1,087. \%s. Old.
He is author of:

1. De fide justificante.

2. Contra missam papisticam ex doc-
toribus.

3. Homelise eruditse per annum.

4. Lectures on S. Paul.

5. Contra transubstantiationem.

6. Epicedium in quendam Edmundum
Berye obdormientem in Calisia.

7. Conciones coram Henr. VIII. con-
tra papse suprematum.

Bale, in his Exposition on the Eevela-
tions, makes him one of the ten horns
that should hate the whore.

Tanner's Bibl. Brit. Le Neve's Fasti. New-
court's Repert. ii. 225. Strype. Gough's General
Index. Wood's Ath. Oxon. i. 81, 385. Rymer,
xiv. 644, 718, 744, XV. 390. Ormerod's ChesMre,
i. 75, 126, 145. Reyner, Apostolat. Benedict, in
Angl. tract, i. p. 163. Blomeiield's Norfolk, iii.
20a. State Papers Hen. 8, i. 613, 633, 893, 897,
viil. 197. Machyn's Diary, 58, 78, 341.

THOMAS BACON, of GonvHle hall,
was B.A. 1519, M.A. 1521, and afterwards
B.D. and chaplain to Henry VIII., by
whom he was presented to the rectory of
Barrow Suffolk, to which he was in-
stituted 28 April 1539. He was also
a canon of the collegiate church of Stoke-
by-Clare, vicar of Hoxne, and rector of



Brandon, all in Suffolk. He was admitted
canon of Ely 15 March 1543-4, and
elected master of Gonville hall 1552.
We find him present at Ely at the con-
demnation of Wolsey and Pigot for heresy
9 Oct. 1555. He was appointed the first
master of the new foundation of Gonville
and Caius college, by the charter of
4 Sept. 1557, being therein designated
B.D., although his grace for the degree
of D.D. had passed 12 Peb. 1556-7. He
died at Shefitteld in Kent 1 Jan. 1558-9.
He had a brother Nicholas who was a
merchant in London. On 16 Jan. 1558-9
the vicechancellor empowered John
Young, D.D., master of Pembroke hall,
Thomas Peacock, B.D., president of
Queens' college, and John Biokerdike,
B.D., to take an inventory of his goods,
he having died intestate. The amount
of the inventory was but £12. Os. Td.

Arms : G. on a chief A. 2 mullets S.
a mullet 0. in nombril point.

Bentham's Ely, 257. Gage's Thingoe. 17.
Ives's Select Papers, 59. Univ. & Coll. Doc. ii.
217. MS. Baker, iii. 307, xxx. 253, 256. Cole's
Atli. Cantab. B. 242. Dr. Lamb's Camb. Doc.
201, 210, 217, 221, 223, 225.

NICHOLAS TUBMAN, elected from
Eton to King's college 1533, left the
college whilst scholar, and subsequently
entered the college of arms. Having
been Hampnes pursuivant he was ap-
pointed Eouge-croix pursuivant 19 Jan.
1549-50, and was raised to the office of
Lancaster herald 22 Nov. 1553. He died
at Gravesend 8 Jan. 1558-9, and was
buried there. Many pedigrees by him
are amongst the Harleian MSS.

Alumni Eton. 153. Noble's College of Arms.
Bymer, xv. aoi, 304.

WILLIAM DALLISON, second son
of William Dallison, esq., of Laughton
Lincolnshire, after some education in this
university studied the law in Gray's-inn,
and was called to the bar. He was
autumn reader of that inn 2 Edw. 6,
and double autumn reader 6 Edw. 6.
In the latter year he occurs in a com-
mission relating to church goods in the
city of Lincoln. With several other
eminent lawyers he was called to the
degree of serjeant-at-law 27 Oct. 1552,
the feast being kept at Grray's-inn, and
the new Serjeants having, according to the
then iisage, pillars assigned them in the
cathedral church of S. Paul. He was in



192



ATHENAE CANTAB BIGIUNSJES.



the reign of queen Mary appointed a
judge of the court of king's bench, and
appears to have been continued in the
office by queen Elizabeth. His death
occurred 18 Jan. 1558-9, and he was
buried in the chantor's aisle of Lincoln
cathedi'al, where is an altar-tomb having
his effigy thereon, and the following in-
scription around the verge :

Willielmus Vallison, unus justitiariorum de
hanco regis, tempore Marie regine. Qui Wil-
lielmus obiit 18 Januwrii, anno prime J£liz.
MocccccoLviijo. Cvjus anime propitieiur
Deus.

At his feet are also these lines :

Willielmus Dallison liic Jmmatus. Cujus
anime propitieiur Deus. Fuit sec undue jilius
Willielmi Dallison de Laughton armigeri
defuncti; et habuit uxorem Elizahetham, fill-
am unicam Roherti Deighton de parva Sturton
armigeri defuncti. Ac inter eos habuerunt
exitum, viz. Willielmum, JRobertum, Hogerum,
et Thomam, filios masculos ; ac Elizabetham,
Jocastam, Jiarbaram, Mariam, et Janam,
filias ; quorum gressus dirigat Deus, Anno
Bom. 1558°.

The following work goes under his
name:

Les Reports des divers special cases
adjudge en le Court del Common Bank
en les reignes de le tres hault et excellent
Princes Hen. VIII., Edw. VI., et les
reignes Mar. et Eliz. London, fo. 1689,
edited, with the reports of seijeant Ben-
loes, by John Eowe of the Middle-temple.
A few short cases from this work had
previously appeared at the end of Ashe's
Tables in Equity, and of Keilway's
Reports. It must however be observed
that a few only of the cases could have
been reported by Mr. Justice Dallison, as
92 out of 117 pages relate to & period
subsequent to his death.

Arms: G. 3 crescents 0. a canton
Erm.

Bibl. Legum Anglise. i. g, 235. Dugdale's Orig.
Jurid. 293, 302, 329. Chron. Ser. 89, 90. Machyn's
Diary, 26, 327. Strype's Mem. ii. 357, 517. Peck's
Desiderata Curiosa, 297. Rep. D. K. Rec. vii.
Append, il. 311, x. Append, ii. 198. MS. Kennett,
xlvi. 221.

ANTHONY SBNTLEGEE.born in or
about 1496, was eldest son of Ralph Sent-
leger, esq., of Ulcombe Kent, by Elizabeth
daughter of Richard Haut, esq., of Shel-
vingbourne in the same county. David
Lloyd says, " he was bom in ICent, and
bred in Christendome : for when twelve
years of age, he was sent for his gram-
mar-learning with his tutor into France,
for his carriage into Italy, for his phi-



losophy to Cambridge, for his law to
Gray's-inne; and for that which com-
pleated all, the government of himself, to
court ; where his debonnaimess and free-
dome took with the king, as his solidity
and wisdome with the cardinal. His
masterpiece was his agency between king
Henry the eighth and queen Anne, during
the agitation of that great business of the
divorce between the said king and his
queen Katherine. His policy was seen
in catching the cardinal in that fatal
word, The king may ruin me if he please !
but that ruined him. His service was
to be Cromwell's instrument in demolish-
ing abbeys, as he was the king's. Csesar
was the first that came to undo the
commonwealth, sober ; sir Anthony St.
Lieger was the first that saved this king-
dome, drunk : for in being abroad one
night very late, and much distempered,
he must needs fancy an extraordiBaiy
light in the cardinal's closet ; with which
fancy he ran to the king, and although
much in drink, prevailed with him so far,
that he sends to the cardinal, and there
finds that Juucto that threatened his
kingdom." We cannot but regret our in-
ability to explain several curious allusions
in the foregoing passage. The name of
sir Anthony Sentleger occurs in a list of
the gentlemen of the king's privy-cham-
her, purporting to relate to the year 1525,
but he was certainly not knighted till
many years after that time, and therefore
either some other person of the same
name is intended, or the list was made
subsequently to the above date. Calais
and the adjacent marches being in a state
of great disorder he was in August 1535
joined in commission with sir William
FitzwiUiam and others to make enquiry
into abuses with a view to their reforma-
tion. Various ordinances were made by
the commisioners, and on their recommen-
dation an act of parliament was passed
entirely remodelling the administration
of that important part of the king's do-
minions. On 31 July 1537 he, by the
description of the king's trusty and well-
beloved servant Anthony Sentleger of
Ulcombe, esq., was placed at the head of
a commission for the order and establish-
ment of the whole state of Ireland and
all and every the king's affairs within
the same, both for the reduction of the
land to a due civility and obedience and
the advancement of the public weal of



ATKi:XAi: CAXTASIiIGIEKSi:S.



193



the same. The commission commanded
the lord-deputy and council and all other
the king's ministers and subjects, not
only to follow such order as the com-
missioners or any two of them should
take and decree, but to aid them in the
execution of such things as they should
ordain. Certain draft acts of psu-liament
were sent over, and the comniissionei-s
■were empowered to enter as the king's
counseUoi-s, as well into the upper as tiie
nether house of parliament, and with all
their wit and dexterity set forth the
purpose of these acts, and answer aU
objections which might be ui^ed against
them. Sentleger and his fellow-commis-
sioners arrived in Dublin on the Sth of
September, and soon afterwards set out
on a journey throughout Ireland, holding
inquests relative to the state of the
several counties and towns which they
visited. The presentments which are
extant present a curious picture of the
exactions of the landed proprietors, the
robberies, murders, burnings, and other
outrages which generally prevailed, the
irregularities, n^lect, and extortion of
the clergy, and a great variety of other
grievances. Amongst the statutes passed
in Ireland at this period may be enimie-
rated those against the authority of the
pope, for the use of the english habit and
language, for the suppression of abbeys,
and for prohibiting alliances vrith the
wUd Irish unless they in all things used
themselves like good subjects. Thomas
Agard, writing to Cromwell 31 Dec.
1537 respecting the commissioners, ob-
serves, " Trewlye they have taken great
paynz, and in ther busynes here do nsse
them verrey dyscretelye, and, in espechiall
Mr. Sentleger, whom, by reason of his
dyscresshion and indyffrensye towardes
every man, is hylye commendyd here ;
and ryght well he is worthie." The
king, in a letter addressed to the com-
missioners the l"th January following,
gave them his hearty thanks for their
discreet proceedings, assuring them that
he would not fail to remember the same
to their comfort in time coming. Soon
afterwards the commissioners i*etumed
to England, and Sentleger received the
honour of knighthood. He was one of
the gentlemen of the king's privy -cham-
ber in June 1538, and perhaps long before.
In that capacity he was appointed to re-
ceive Anne of Cleves on her arrival in



this kingdom 1539. In the same vear
also he was sheriff of Kent, and soon after-
wards was employed with other gentlemen
of that coun^ in a commission for the
establishment of the church of Canterbm-y,
with a view to its conversion into a
cathedral. We find him at a later date
mentioned as having had in his possession
on behalf of the crown the ornaments,

n' te, copes, and vestments which had
onged to the abbey of S. Augustine
in that city. By letters-patent dated
T July 1540 he was constituted lord-
deputy of Ireland, with the annual fee of
£666. 13«. id. He left the court on the
19th, had to wait at Chester for a iavour-
able wind till the 5th of August, and did
not an'ive at Dublin till the 12th, taking
his oath of office at Christ's church
2oth August. On 13 June 1541 a par-
liament was held before him at Dublin.
Amongst other statutes which were passed
was one giving Henry the title of king
of Ireland. This act was published with
great solemnity in S. Patrick's Dublin, in
the presence of the lord-deputy, the earls
of Ormond and Desmond, and others of
the nobility in their parliament robes,
attended by the bishops and clergy. A
general psudon was granted; the event
was celebrated with feasting, bonfires,
and other expressions of joy, and about
the same period peerages were Hberally
bestowed on the leading Irish chieftains.
The parliament was prorogued to Lime-
rick, where there passed an act for the
suppression of Kilmainham and other
religious houses. It was subsequently
adjourned to Trim, and then again to
Dublin, and was dissolved 19 Xor. 1542.
It not being considered practicable to
put the recent enactments in force in
Munster and Connaught, where the eng-
lish laws had been disused for 200 years,
the lord-deputy and council made tem-
porary constitutions for the reformation
of those parts of the kingdom. These
were promulgated by a proclamation
issued 12 July 1542. Amongst other re-
gulations, laymen or boys were forbidden
to be admitted to any ecclesiastical bene-
fice, and such as had been admitted wei-e
to be immediately deprived. Larceny
above the value of 1-W. was to be punished
by the loss of one ear for the first offence,
the loss of the other for the second, and
by death for the third. !Xo horseman
was to keep more boys or gardens than



194



AT3JENAE CANTABSiaiENSES.



he had horses. The quantity of linen in
shirts was regulated aceording to the
rank of the wearers, and no shirts were
to be dyed with saffron. Mummers and
players at Christmas or Easter were for-
bidden. About this time Robert Cowley,
master of the roUs in Ireland, came to
England clandestinely, and wrote a letter
to the king containing charges against
Sentleger, and particularly for having
asserted that Henry VII. upon his first
coming into England had but a very
slender title to the crown till he married
Elizabeth of York. An explanation was
given which was satisfactory, and Cowley
was deprived of his office and committed
to the Fleet till 21 July 1543, when he
was liberated on giving security not again
to go into Ireland without leave. Sir
Anthony Sentleger was elected a knight
of the garter about 1543, in which year
he visited England at the special request
of the king, in order to confer as to the
state of Ireland. The king's letters, re-
quiring his return and appointing William
Brabazon, esq., lord-justice in his absence,
are dated 12 Oct. 1543. He returned
to Ireland 11 June 1544, and on the
5tb of July had an augmentation of £200.
per annum to his fee as lord-deputy. In
the same year the lord-deputy by the
king's command levied an army of 700
Irishmen to serveatthe siege of Boulogne.
It is related, " They stood the armie in
very good sted. Eor they were not onelie
contented to bume and spoile all the
villages thereto adjoining ; but also they
would range twentie or thirtie miles into
the maine land : and having taken a bull,
they used to tie him to a stake, and
scorching him with faggots, they would
force him to rove, so as all the cattell in
the countrie would make towdrds the buU,
all which they would lightlie lead awaie,
and furnish the campe with store of beefe."
These Irishmen refused quarter, and the
French sent to Henry to know whether
he had brought men or devils with him.
He making a j est of this, the French treated
such Irish as fell into their hands with
great cruelty. Soon afterwards the lord-
deputy raised 3000 men, who sailed fi-om
Ireland to aid the earl of Lenox in an
unfortunate expedition against Scotland.
On 10 May 1546, Sentleger, sir Eiohard
Eede, and Edward bishop of Meath were
constituted the king's commissioners
for granting faculties in Ireland. In



that year James earl of Ormond preferred
articles of treason against Sentleger. The
earl's letters to the privy-council of Eng-
land were intercepted by Sentleger, who
opened them and preferred a counter-
charge against the earl. Both parties
were summoned to England and appeared
before the privy-council, who eifected
a reconciliation, but the earl was soon
afterwards poisoned in London. About
the same time sir John Allen, the lord-
chancellor of Ireland, also preferred charges
against Sentleger, but failing to make
them good was sent to the Fleet and
deprived of the great seal. Sentleger
returned to Ireland 16 Dec. 1546, having
left that kingdom about 1st of April
preceding. Richard Stanihurst, whose
Chronicle of Ireland concludes with the
death of Henry VIII., tells us that sir
Anthony " was a wise and warie gentle-
man, a valiant serviter in war, and a good
justicer in peace, properlie learned, a good
maker in the English, having gravite so
interlaced with pleasantnesse, as with an
exceeding good grace he would attain the
one without pouting dumpishnesse, and
exercise the other without loathsome
lightnesse. There fell in his time a fat
benefice, of which he as lord deputie had
the presentation. When diverse made
suit to him for the benefice, and offered
with dishonestie to buie that which with
safetie of conscience he could not sell, he
answered merilie, that he was resolved
not to commit simonie : yet notwith-
standing he had a nag in his stable that
was worth fortie shillings, and he that
would give him fortie pounds for the nag,
should be preferred to the benefice.
Which he rather of pleasure uttered,
than of anie unconscionable meaning
purposed to have doone. His govern-
ment had beene of the countrie verie well
liked, were it not that in his time he be-
gan to assesse the pale with certeine new
impositions, not so profitable (as it was
thought) to the governors, as it was
noisome to the subjects." He was con-
tinued as lord-deputy under Edward VI.
by virtue of letters-patent dated at Green-
wich 7 April 1547, although instruments
of a previous date recognize him as hold-
ine the office. In 1547 he invaded the
O'Bymes, and brought two of the Fitz-
Geralds, who had formerly been pro-
scribed, to Dublin where they were
executed. He also defeated. Brian



ATSENAE CANTABSIGIJENSHS.



195



O'Connor and Patrick O'Moore, who
had invaded Kildare. He invaded Leix
and Ofallay, repaired the fort of Din-
gen, built the fort of Campaum, alias Pro-
tector, now called Maryhurgh, and forced
O'Connor and O'Moore to submit. In
1548 he was sent for to England, and
took O'Connor and O'Moore with him.
They were received with favour and pen-
sions were granted them. Sir Edward
Bellingham was constituted lord-deputy
in his stead 22nd April in that year; but
by letters-patent dated 4 Aug. 1550 sir
Anthony Sentleger was reappointed lord-
deputy, arriving in Ireland and being
sworn into office on the 10th of Septem-
ber. It is said that "notwithstanding
by his knowledge and experence he had
good skill and did well governe : yet
there remained some coles of the fire in
his first govemement unquenched." On
6 Feb. 1550-1 the king sent him an order
for the introduction of the english liturgy
into Ireland. Thereupon he convoked
the archbishops, bishops, and others of
the clergy, and they accordingly met at
Dublin on the 1st of March, when sir
Anthony declared to them the king's
will and pleasure. Dowdal, archbishop
of Armagh, strenuously opposed the
proceeding. Sir Anthony answered his
objections with great spirit and ready
wit, but it seems that all the bishops
took part with the primate and seceded
from the assembly, except Browne arch-
bishop of Dublin, and Staples bishop of
Meath. The liturgy in english was first
used at Christ's church in the presence
of Sentleger and the council on Easter
Syinday 1551. On the 29th of April the
king wishing for Sentleger's presence
and assistance in England, constituted sir
James Crofts lord-deputy in his stead,
and he was sworn before Sentleger him-
self at Cork on 23rd May. Sentleger
had been for some time previously en-
gaged in the south of Ireland, in forti-
fying the havens there in anticipation
of an attack from the French, but he
obeyed the royal command and immedi-
ately returned to England. On 6th
August following, Browne, archbishop of
Dublin, wrote to Dudley earl of Warwick,
preferring certain charges against Sent-
leger to the effect that he had offered at
Christ's church 1;o the altar of stone, to the
comfort of the papists and the discourage-
ment of the professors of God's word, and



that he had not restrained the papistical
practices of archbishop Dowdal. The fol-
lowing entry occurs in the king's journal
under date 26 December : " Sir Anthony
St. Legier, for matters laid against him
by the bishop of Dublin, was banished
my chamber till he had made answer and
had the articles delivered him." We
learn the ultimate result of the matter
by another entry in the king's journal
in the following terms, under date 22
April 1552 : " Sir Anthony St. Leiger,
which was accused by the bishop of Dub-
lin for divers brawling matters, was taken
again into the privy-chamber and sat
among the knights of the order." He
occurs as one of the witnesses to the will of
Edward VI. 21 June 1553, but gave in his
adhesion to queen Mary, being sworn of
her privy-council 7th of August in that
year. A few days afterwards he was dis-
patched to France with letters to con-
tinue Dr. Wotton as ambassador at the
French court. At the coronation of queen
Mary he was one of the four knights of
the garter who held the pall over her
majesty, and soon afterwards he was
appointed lord-deputy of Ireland for
the third time, arriving in that king-
dom 11 Nov. 1553 and holding the post
till 1556,, when he surrendered the sword
to Thomas Eatcliffe lord Fitzwalter, after-
wards earl of Sussex, who had been ap-
pointed his successor by patent 27th of
April, and arrived at Dublin on Whit-
sunday in that year. John Vowell, alias
Hooker, speaking of sir Anthony's last
administration, observes, "This man ruled
and governed verie justlie and uprightlie
in a good conscience, and being well
acquainted in the courses . of that land,
knew how to meet with the enemies,
and how to stale all magistrates and
others in their duties and offices : for
which though he deserved well, and
ought to be beloved and commended ;
yet the old practises were renewed, and
manie slanderous informations were made
and inveighed against him : which is
a fatall destinie, and inevitable to every
good governor in that land. For the
more paines they take in tillage the
worse is their harvest ; and the better be
their services the greater is the malice
and envie against them; being not unlike
to a fruitefuU apple-tree, which the more
apples he beareth, the more cudgels be
hurled at him." He then relates his
2



196



ATRENAJE CANTABBIGIENSES.



recall, and says with respect to certain
charges preferred against hipi on his
return to England, "At sir Anthonies
coming over, great matters were laid to
his charge, and manie heavie adversaries
he had, which verie eagerlie pursued the
same against him : wherein he so an-
swered that he was not onelie a<;quited ;
but also gained his discharge for ever to
passe over anie more into so unthankefuU
a land." Queen Elizabeth was much
dissatisfied with his government of Ire-
land, he having left the crown in debt
and neglected to pay the army. It
would seem that it was contemplated to
take proceedings against him. If so they
were prevented by his death, which oc-
curred at Ulcombe, 16 March 1558-9.
He was buried in the parish-church there
with heraldic state 5th April following.

He is commemorated by the subjoined
inscription in Ulcombe church :

Sir Jnthony Sentleger, knight of the most
honourable order of the garter^ gentleman of
the prime chamber^ anil employed in mast
honourable offices under the most renowned
Henry Eight an^ Edward the Sixths Kinges ;
twice deputy of Ireland, by whose meanes in
his first government the nobilitie and commons
there were irtduced by fi^ee and general consent
to geve unto Henrie the Eighth King of Eng-
land that province, also * Regalia Jura * the
title and sceptre of Kinge to him and his pos-
teritie for ever whose predecessors before were
intituled Lordes of Ireland.

This grave councellor after this com-se of
life spent in the service of ihies two rare and
redoubted kinges, hamng endured nevertheless
some crosses in the tyme of Queene Mary, and



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