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43, 196, 20a, 273, 312, 324, 385, 386. Strype's Stow,
lib. 3, p. 136. Wood's Colleges & Halls, 316,
Lipscomb's Bucks, iii. 32, 38. Nasmith's Cat. of
0. C. C. MSS. 92, 93, 104, 109, 115, 160, i6l, 177,
203. Lelandi Encomia, 102. Parkhurst's Epigr.
157. Notes & Queries, v. 508; vi. 317, 399.
Fruits of Endowment. Beloe's Anecd. v. 217.
Brydges's Restituta, i. 11, 12. Blomefield's Nor-
folk, ii. 144, 518. Nath. Johnston on Visitatorial
Power, 311, 312, 342—345. MS. Cole, vi. 103 ;
xiii. 222. Peck's Besid. Cur. 4to. ed. 252, 260, 266,
268, 269. Creasy's Eminent Etonians, 48. MS.
Baker, xx. 60. Pari. Hist. iv. 62. Dugdale's
Orig. Jurid. 307. Chron. of Calais, 51. Nai-es's
Burghley, ii. 263, 306, 307. Brit. Bibl. ii. 610.
Sydenham's Poole, 185. Townsend's Life of Foxe,
209 — 211.



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STEPHEN BOUaHAN', elected from
Eton to King's college 1564, proceeded
M.A., but no notice has been found of
him subsequently. He has three latin
poems in the collection presented by' the
Eton scholars to queen Elizabeth at
Windsor castle 1563.

Alumni Eton. 179. Nichols's Prog. Eliz. iii.

JOHN PEYEE, son of John Fryer,
M.D., before noticed, was B.A. 1544,
M.A. 1548, and commenced M.D. 1555,
when he subscribed the roman catholic
articles. He was one of the disputants
in the physio act kept before queen Eliza-
beth in this university 7 Aug. 1564, at
or soon after which time he was living
at Godmanchester Huntingdonshire. He
subsequently settled at Padua, being, as
it would appear, of the roman catholic
persuasion. The time of his death is
unknown.

He is author of:

1. Hippocratis Aphorism! Versibus
script. Lond. 8vo. 1568. Dedicated to
sir William Cecil.

2. Latin verses, viz. (a) on the death
of Bucer; (b) on the restoration of Bucer
and Fagius; (c) prefixed to bishop Alley's
Poor Man's Library; (d) prefixed to
Haddoni Lucubrationes ; (e) prefixed to
Carr's Demosthenes ; (f ) on the death of
Nicholas Carr.

He commonly "wrote his name Feebk.

Tanner's Bibl. Brit. Lamb's Camb. Doc. 175,
213. Cooper's Ann. of Camb. ii. 196. Beloe's
Anecd. v. 218. MS. Cole, xiii. 170. Cal. Chanc.
Proc. temp. Eliz. ii. 199. Brugemann's View of
Engl. Edit, of Classics, log, 110. Aikin's Biog.
Mem. Medicine, 146.

JOHN TYEELL was a member of
this university and servant to the dukes
of Suffolk. He has verses to their me-
mory in the collection published 1551.
We take him to be the person of this
name who was living at Warley Essex
in 1571.

Lemon's Cal. State Papers, 414.

THOMAS HOWARD, eldest son of
Henry earl of Surrey and Fn.nces [Vere] ;
his ivife was bom in or about 1536.
Immediately after his father's execution
he was, although his mother was living,
committed to the care of his aunt
Mary duchess dowager of Eichmond and
Somerset, who engaged as his tutor the
celebrated John Fox the martyrologist.



ATSENAE CANTABBiaiENSES.



303



In a latin letter written by him to Fox
several years afterwards, is this passage :
" Tuum amorem, atque lahorem, in ju-
ventute, et pauperitate mea, in me im-
pensam, non obliviscor, et, Deo volente,
in memorem homiuem coUocatum in-
venies."

On the accession of Mary he was re-
stored in hlood, removed from the care of
iPox, and placed in the household of
White bishop of Lincoln. He was now
called earl of Surrey and was created a
knight of the bath at the queen's corona-
tion, officiating at that ceremony under
his grandfather the duke of Norfolk in
the office of earl-marshal. It is also said
that he had a command under the duke
on his expedition to suppress the rebellion
in Kent raised by sir Thomas Wyat.
On 20 July 1554 he and other young
noblemen met king Philip on the water
of Southampton before he landed at that
town, and were constituted gentlemen of
his chamber. By the death of his grand-
father, which occurred 25 Aug. 1554, he
succeeded to the dukedom of Norfolk and
the office of earl-marshal. On the 28th
of that month he addressed a letter to
the university soliciting that he might be
appointed high-steward of that body in
the room of his grandfather, but the
office was bestowed on William lord
Paget. Shortly afterwards however he
was elected high-steward of the town of
Cambridge, an office which his grand-
father had likewise held. He was also in
the same year elected high-steward of
Great Yarmouth, being complimented on
the occasion with a present from the cor-
poration of a tun of wine and a quarter
of ling. , When the persecution of the
protestants commenced he took means
to facilitate the escape from the king-
dom of his old tutor John Pox. In
January 1557-8 the queen commissioned
him to raise 1000 men in Norfolk and
Suffialk to cooperate with king Philip in
preserving Guisnes and recovering Calais.
These and the other forces levied for the
same object were however disbanded by
the queen's order in the course of that
month.

He was present at the coronation of
queen Elizabeth who was his second
cousin, and on 16 Jan. 1558-9 he took
apart in the justs held in the tUt-yard.
On 23 April 1559 he was elected E.G.
being installed at Windsor on the 6th of



June. On 21st August in the same
year he was in a commission for the visi-
tation of the dioceses of Norwich and Ely.
In the following December he vras ap-
pointed the queen's lieutenant in the
north, an office which at that juncture
was of peculiar importance. On 27 Feb.
1559-60 he concluded the treaty at Ber-
wick with the lords of the congregation,
and he arrived 28 April 1560 in the
camp before Leith, where he appears to
have remained till the 7th of July, when
a peace was concluded under which the
french were obliged to quit Scotland. In
the meanwhile the duke preferred charges
against sir James Croft for having had
correspondence with the queen dowager
of Scotland and for having dissuaded the
attack upon Leith. It also appears that
there was not a cordial understanding
between the duke and lord Grey of Wil-
ton, who as lord warden of the marches
had the command of the queen's forces.

In 1561 many lords and knights with
their ladies visited him at his palace in
Norwich. His guests were entertained
with shooting and other martial exer-
cises on Household heath, and with
the duke and his duchess were sump-
tuously feasted by the mayor of that city.
On Shrove-Tuesday 1561-2 the duke of
Norfolk was one of the challengers at
a just held at the queen's palace. As an
illustration of the great state in which
he lived, it may be mentioned that a con-
temporary, under date 8 Oct. 1562, re-
cords that the duke and his duchess rode
through London by Bishopsgate to
Leadenhall, and so to Christohurch by
Aldgate, preceded by four heralds, and
attended by one-hundred horse in his
livery. He accompanied the queen in
her visit to this university in August
1564, when he was created M.A. In
1565 the city of Norwich was reduced to
a very low ebb. The mayor, sheriffs and
aldermen consulted with the duke, who
was then at that place, as to what was
best to be done to restore its prosperity.
The result of the consultation was the
introduction into that city of a large
number of dutch and Walloons, who estab-
lished manufactories of bays, says, arras,
moohadoes and the like. The queen's
letters-patent onbehalf of these strangers
were procured by the duke at his own
charge, and he interested himself to ob-
tain them a place wherein to celebrate



304



AT3ENAE CANTABRiaiJENSES.



religious worship after their own tenets
and rites. On 24 Jan. 1566-7 he and the
earl of Leicester were installed knights
of the order of S. Michael, having been
nominated to that honour by the queen,
to whom the king of France had dele-
gated the authority to appoint two of her
subjects. On 19 Apnl 1568 he was
created M.A. at Oxford.

In September following he, the earl of
Sussex, and sir Ealph Sadler were ap-
pointed commissioners to confer with
commissioners from Scotland respecting
the causes for which queen Mary had
been deposed from the regal dignity.
The commissioners met at York in Oc-
tober, but by the queen's command the
matter was adjourned to Westminster in
November, the lord-keeper, the earls of
Arundel and Leicester, and the lord-
admiral being added to the commission.
During the interval between the confe-
rence at York and that at Westminster
the duke was despatched on a military
survey of a part of the frontier which
lay within his jurisdiction as lord-lieu-
tenant of the north. At the conference
at York, if not before, a project was set
on foot that the duke of Norfolk, who
was a widower, should marry Mary queen
of scots who had a husband living. This
most preposterous scheme soon became
known to Elizabeth, and the duke met
with an ungracious reception from her
majesty on his return to court. Fully
aware of the cause he assured her that
the project of marriage had not origin-
ated with him^ and that he had never
given, nor would give, it any encourage-
ment. Elizabeth said, " Would you not
marry the Scottish queen, if you knew
that it would tend to the tranquillity of
the realm and the safety of my person?"
He replied, " Madam, that woman shall
never be my wife who has been your
competitor, and whose husband cannot
sleep in security on his piUow." This
sarcastic allusion to the fate of Darnley
appears to have succeeded for a time in
lulling Elizabeth's suspicion, but in May
1569 the project of marrying the duke
to the queen of scots was revived by the
earls of Arundel, Pembroke, and Leices-
ter, and the duke with apparent reluct-
ance gave his consent, and opened a
secret correspondence with Mary through
the agency of the bishop of Eoss. Eliza-
beth, however, almost immediately be-



came aware of the duke's perfidy. She
invited him to dinner at Famham 13th
August, and as she rose from table advised
him to beware on what piUow he should
rest his head. Soon afterwards the
court proceeded to Tichfield, where the
earl of Leicester was confined to his bed
by a sudden and dangerous illness. The
queen visited him, and as she sat by
his bedside he made a confession, inter-
rupted with sighs and tears, of his dis-
loyalty and ingratitude in having with-
out her knowledge attempted to marry
her rival to one of her subjects. Leices-
ter was forgiven, and Norfolk severely
reprimanded and forbidden on his allegi-
ance ever more to entertain the project.
He assented with apparent cheerfulness,
but did not fail to observe that whenever
he came into the royal presence Eliza-
beth met his eye with looks of disdain
and anger, that the courtiers avoided his
company, and that Leicester treated
him in public as an enemy. He retired
from court, promising to return within a
week. He went by way of London to
his seat at KenninghaU in Norfolk, and
from thence wrote to the queen attribut-
ing his absence to the apprehension of
her displeasure which had been kindled
against him by his enemies, and his fear
that if he made any stay in London he
would be thrown into prison. This con-
firmed the queen in her belief of his dis-
loyalty, and she sent a peremptory order
for his return. He obeyed this order,
but as he was on his way to the court he
was, on the 1st October, arrested at or
near S. Alban's by Edward Fitzgerald
lieutenant of the pensioners, who con-
veyed him to the house of Paul Went-
worth at Bumham Bucks, where he was
examined. On the 11th he was committed
to the Tower of London, but in Novem-
ber the same year we find it state-d that
he was in the custody of sir Henry Neville
at Barham. During the great northern
rebellion, which occurred while the duke
was in confinement, the insurgents made
use of his name. There is no reason
to believe that he countenanced that ill-
fated enterprise, though he subsequently
corresponded with the earl of West-
morland who was his brother-in-law,
and who having been at the head of the
movement, escaped first to Scotland and
thence to Flanders. In May 1570 there
was a slight rising in Norfolk on the



ATSENAE CANTABEIGIENSE8.



305



duke's behalf, but it was speedily sup-
pressed. It probably led, however, to
his recommittal to the Tower shortly
afterwards, under the care of sir Henry
Neville. On 23rd June, being stUl in
the Tower, he signed and sealed a hum-
ble submission to the queen,renouncing all
that had passed on his part with respect
to his marriage with the queen of Soots,
and promising never to deal in that or
any other cause but as her majesty
should command him. He was not sincere
in this declaration, for he was at that very
time in correspondence with the Scottish
queen and her agents, and soon after-
wards was detected in having been en-
gaged in an intrigue with Robert Rudol-
phi a florentine merchant residing at
London, who was a private agent for the
pope, and was concerned in a scheme for
the invasion of England by the duke of
Alva, in cooperation with the english
catholics and other friends and partisans
of the queen of scots. In consequence of
the plague being in or near the Tower, the
duke was, on 3 Aug. 1570, by the queen's
command removed to his residence at
Charterhouse, then called Howard house.
On 5th September he was examined iu
consequence of further disclosures affect-
ing him made by Robert Hiokford his
secretary. He denied everything with
great confidence, and on the 7th was
again committed to the Tower where he
soon afterwards made a confession.

In December 1571 an indictment was
found against the duke in Middlesex by
a grand jury of which his friend sir Tho-
mas Gresham was the foreman. It
charged the duke with having conspired
and imagined to deprive the queen of
her crown and dignity, and compassed to
excite sedition, to cause great slaughter
amongst the queen's lieges, to levy war
and rebellion against the queen, to sub-
vert the government, to change and alter
the pure religion established in the king-
dom, and to bring in strangers and aliens
to invade the reahn, and to carry on a
bitter war against the queen. The overt
acts were (1) seeking to marry the queen
of scots knowing her to be a pretender
to the crown of England, and sending to
and. receiving, from her tokens and sup-
plying her with money, notwithstanding
his sovereign, had prohibited his treaty
of marriage with her and he had himself
by letters and written instruments re-

TOL. I.



nounced such marriage. (2) Correspond-
ing with the earls of Northumberland
and "Westmorland, Richard Norton and
Thomas Markenfield, knowing them to
be traitors and fugitives from justice, (3)
aiding, adhering to and comforting the
duke of Chastelherault, the earl of Hunt-
ley, lord Herries, lord Hume, lord Buc-
cleugh, and lord Eernyhurst, being scots
and enemies of the kingdom of England.
(4) Corresponding with pope Pius V.,
Philip V. king of Spain and the duke of Alva
in order that the king of Spain might in-
vade England and deprive the queen of her
royal dignity. Upon this indictment the
duke was, 16 Jan. 1571-2, arraigned in
Westminster-hall before George earl of
Shrewsbury high-steward and twenty-six
other peers. Although he had only
notice of the day appointed for his trial
the preceding evening and was refused
the aid of counsel he maintained his
innocence, alleging that the queen of
scots was not the competitor of his sove-
reign for the english crown, and denying
that he had ever spoken with Rudolphi
except on one occasion when he under-
stood that the sole object of his mission
was to procure aid for the Scottish sub-
jects of the Scottish queen. He also de-
nied sending money to the english rebels,
but admitted that he had allowed his
servant to take charge of a simi of money
for lord Herries who was the devoted
servant of Mary whilst Mary was the
acknowledged ally of Elizabeth. He
spoke with temper, decision, and elo-
quence, but the peers unanimously found
him guilty and sentence of death was
passed upon him. Immediately after-
wards he was degraded from the order of
the garter, but a considerable interval
elapsed before his execution. In the
meantime the house of commons having
resolved that the duke's life was incom-
patible with the- queen's safety, commu-
nicated their opinion to the lords and
then resolved to petition the throne. In
this stagethe proceedings were interrupted
by a hint from one of the ministers. The
queen had for the third time signed the
fatal warrant. It was not revoked, and on
2 June 1572 the duke was decapitated
upon Tower-hill. Alexander NoweU dean
of S. Paul's was in attendance, as was
the duke's old and attached friend John
Pox. The duke in his last hour declared
his firm attachment to the protestant



306



ATEENAE CANTABRIQIENSES.



faith, and asserted that he had never
contemplated force against the govern-
ment or violence to the queen's person.
It must be admitted that he was the
victim of the treachery of his confede-
rates, that much of the evidence against
him was unfairly obtained, and that it
did not fully substantiate the crime with
which he stood charged ; but it is obvious
that he was a very weak man who prac-
tised dissimulation to a frightful extent,
and who for the gratification of his am-
bition was prepared to expose his sove-
reign and his country to perils of no
ordinary magnitude. His generosity,
comely person and pleasing manners had
however rendered him highly popular,
and his death was greatly lamented even
by those who could not but feel that his
execution had become indispensable to
the safety of the state.

His body was interred in the church
of S. Peter ad vincula within the Tower.

He married first Mary Fitzalan daugh-
ter and heiress of Henry earl of Arundel,
by whom he had an only son Philip
ultimately earl of Arundel; secondly,
Margaret sole daughter and heiress of
Thomas lord Audley of Walden and
widow of lord Henry Dudley, by whom
he had Thomas ultimately earl of Suffolk ;
Henry who died young ; WiUiam ances-
tor of the earls of Carlisle; Elizabeth
who died in infancy ; and Margaret wife
of Robert Sackville earl of Dorset ; and
thirdly, Elizabeth daughter of sir James
Leyburn and widow of Thomas lord
Dacre of GiUesland, by whom he had no
issue.

He was a benefactor to Magdalen col-
lege in this university, but to what ex-
tent we cannot state. When he was at
Cambridge in August 1564 he went to
the college and gave much money. He
promised to contribute £40. a-year un-
til the quadrangle, then in course of
erection, were finished ; also to endow the
college with land for increasiag the
number of the students therein.

Of his numerous letters many are in
print.

The portrait of the duke of Norfolk
has been engraved by Houbraken, F.
Bartolozzi, J. Dalton, and W. Holl.
There is also an old print of him by an
unknown engraver.

Dugdale's Baronage, ii. 276. Collins's Peerage.
Strype. Blomefleld's Norfollc, i. 86—89, 220, 224—



226, 238; iu. 279-282; iv. 289 ; V. 251. HajTies B
State Papers. Miirdin's State Papers. Sadler State
Papers. Howell's State Trials, i. 957— 1050-
Gough's Gen. Index. Smith's Autogr. Nare s
Burghley, ii. 84, &c. DaUaway & Cartwngnt s
Sussex (2) ii. 205. Hallam's Const. Hist, i- 131-
Camden's Elizabeth. Lingard's Hist. Engl. Tier-
ney's Arundel, 92, 347-35°, 355—357. 362— 367>
735, 73S- Lodge's Illustrations, i. 372, 389, 406,



410, 420, 437, 450, 484, 487, 5i4j 521—529. S-
558, il. 8, 17. Ellis's Letters (1) u. 260—264;
u. 292, 329. Wood's Fasti, ed. Bliss, 1. 183,
Lloyd's State Wortllies. Wright's Eliz. i. 26, 34,
42, 209, 225, 265, 323— 327, 372— 374, 392, 394, 402,
416. Hawes & Loder's Framlmgham, 123, 301.
Baga de Secretis. Walpole's B,. & N. Authors, i.

Z3. Lemon's Cal. State Papers. Jardine's Cnm.

rials, i. 121. Townsend's Life of Foxe, 64—69,



^la



74, 76, 77, 123, 128, 140, 153, 191 — 194, 219. Ma-
• • Di ' -° - ' ■— —

294, 306, 308, 309, 357, 359, ^^
fladdoni Poemata, 121 — 123. Hardwicke State



chyn's Diary, 126, 139, 141, 149, 178, 196, 197, 200,
274, 276, 294, 306, 308, 309, 357, 359. 392-. ?r™f^-



Papers, i. 189—195. Chron. of Q. Jane, 137.
Thomas's Hist. Notes, 447, 448. Cooper's Ann. of
Camb. ii. 92, 93, 99, 133, 135, 140, 149, 171, 175. 185.
187, 203—^06, 233, 234, 242, 269. Bell's Life of
Mary Queen of Scots, 117, 122—124. Lord Bray-
brooke's Audley End, 26—34, 74. 1°3' 1". '^*. ^''
262, 296. Churton's Nowell, 207. Lord Campbell's
Chancellors, 4th edit, ii, 229, 239 — 242. Life of
Philip Earl of Arundel, 3 — 10. Burgon's Gresham,
ii. 184. Life of Sir Peter Carew, Ixxxvi, 68-^0.
Harleian Miscel. ed. Malham, iv. 478. TTasmith's
Cat. of C. C. C. MSS. 141, 142. Smith's Cat. of
Caius Coll. MSS. 191. MS. Univ. Libr. Camb.
Dd. xiii. 8. Bayley's Tower of London, 121, 460 —
481. MS. Lansd. 4, art. 37 ; 8, art. 44 ; 9, art. 64 ;
11, art. 78; 17, art. 94; 58, art. 23, 24; 256, art. 14;
449, art. 4. MS. Cott. MS. Harl. 787, f. 112—118 ;
834, f. 57 ; 2194, f. 25, 43. MS. Addit. 1427, 3 ;
2172, 12 ; 3199, 24, 32, 107 ; 4789, 74 ; 5843, p. 430 ;
6284, f. 149 ; 6297, pp. 3, 12, 14, 296. MS. Egerton,
946, 964. Collect. Topog. & Geneal. ii. 183.
Antiq. Eepert. i. 235, 236. Manship & Palmer s
Yarmouth, 1 280; li. 321. Gent. Mag. k.s. ii.
373. Hymer, XV. 496, 569. Cabala, 144, 147, 156—
158, 162. Wiffen^s House of Kussell, i. 459, 473,
476, 477. Nicolas's Life of Hatton, 9—13, 2X, 161,
286. Leon. Howard's Letters, 203, seq. Univ.
Lib. MSS. Gg. iii. 34, p. 266.

EODOLPH ZUmGLIUS, son of
Huldric Zuinglius the younger, by the
eldest daughter of the famous Henry
BuUinger, was admitted of S. John's
college about 1571. He visited London
in May 1572, was taken iU there and
died on the 5th June. He was a very
pious youth of extraordinary promise.
He was buried at S. Andrew's Holbom,
the bishops of London and Ely attended
his funeral, and a sermon was preached
on the occasion by the former. An in-
teresting letter of his to bishop Sandys
is in print.

Strype. Zurich Letters, i. 264, 267, 269, 273 ;
ii. 188, 189, 202 — 208.

ANTHONY EODOLPH CHEVAL-
LIEE, who was of a noble family, was
born at Montchamps near Vire in Nor-
mandy 16 March 1522-3. He learnt
hebrew under Francis Vatablus at Paris,



ATHENAE CANTAB RIGIEJVSE 8.



307



and being of the reformed persuasion
came to England in the reign of Edward
VI. He was known to and esteemed by
Eagius and Bucer, the latter of whom
recommended him to archbishop Cran-
mer, in whose house he resided for more
than a year. He then came to Cam-
bridge and gave gratuitous lectures on
hebrew, assisting Emmanuel Tremellius
with whom he lodged, and whose step-
daughter he married. At this period
archbishop Cranmer and Goodrich bishop
of Ely allowed him a pension. The arch-
bishop wrote warmly to the king on his
behalf, commending his remarkable mo-
desty, and stating that whilst residing
in his house he exhibited very many
proofs of his eminent piety and surpas-
sing ability. On 7 Aug. 1552 the king
granted mm letters constituting him a
free denizen, and conveying to sir An-
thony Cooke and Greorge Medle, esq.,
the patronage of the next prebend which
should faU vacant in the chm-ch of Can-
terbury in trust to present Chevallier
thereto. In this reign he was also
french tutor to the princess Elizabeth,
being commonly called Mr. Anthony.
On the death of Edward VI. he left
England and was appointed hebrew pro-
fessor at Strasburg. Thence be went to
Geneva, where he taught hebrew and
became known to Calvin, by whom he
was much esteemed, and to whom he was
very serviceable. He afterwards settled
at Caen, but in 1568 again came to
England to solicit the aid of queen
EUzabeth for the french protestants.
He for sometime read a hebrew lectm-e
at S. Paul's in London. In May 1569
he was appointed hebrew lecturer in this
university, having been commended to
the vice-chancellor and heads by arch-
bishop Parker and bishop Grindal, and
he was matriculated 3rd August. On
5th September we find him writing to
the archbishop, complaining that his
stipend had been diminished. Whilst
at Cambridge the elder John Drusius
and Hugh Broughton were his scholars.
The latter says of him : " He was a very
Learned Man, and in Cambridge was ac-
counted Second to none in the Eeaim.
A rare man he was in that Study ; and in
Hebrew he would draw such a Study, that
Men might learn more of him in a Month,
than others could teach in Ten Years."
Chevallier was admitted to a prebend of



Canterbury 27 Jan. 1569-70. In 1571-2
he left Cambridge, and on 24th Mai-ch
had the queen's licence to receive the



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