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Cheney Genealogy.








221 Columbus Ave.,


Typography and Presswork


The Barta Press, Boston.



Dt?nvn UTAH









-^ use of in the compilation of The Cheney Genealogy are
the following :

The Histories of Roxbury, Newbury, Newton, Cambridge,
Medfield, Milford, Watertown, Ashburnham, Framingham,
Sudbury, Holden, Southbridge, Groton, Concord, and
Dunstable, Mass. ; of Antrim, Hillsborough, Sanbornton,
Henniker, Hancock, Fitzwilliam, Peterborough, Newport,
Nashua, Pembroke, and Sutton, N. H., and of several towns
in other states ; records of deeds, wills and administrations of
estates, and those of towns, parishes, and churches in numer-
ous places; archives of states and files of newspapers.

Collections of facts touching the Family have been made
by several persons, with more or less definite plan for publi-
cation. Rev. William Franklin Cheney, of Dedham, Mr.
Joel Cheney, of Southbridge, Henry Allen Chaney, Esq., of
Detroit, Mich., Rev. Russell Lea Cheney, of Janesville,
Wis., and Mr. Josiah Blodget Chaney, of St. Paul, Minn,
are particularly worthy of mention, as the results of their
labors have been magnanimously furnished by them or their
heirs to aid in this work. And a great many men and
women have responded very kindly to circulars and letters,
giving the particulars of their own immediate families ; one
may well be proud of such kindred. In the name of the
future readers of this book, and out of the heart of the gene-
alogist, thanks are hereby tendered to every one who has
aided in this compilation.

The work is imperfect. Mistakes have been made by
almost all of us (!) in copying ancient records, in interpret-
ing crooked writing, and in accepting statements from


persons who did not know what they affirmed. A choice
collection of these morsels of human fallibility will be found
in the Additions and Corrections at the close of the book.
Other errors will be discovered later. Confficting statements
have been made on many matters ; and these words have
often occurred to us :

" O blest is he who can discern
Where real truth doth lie,
And dares to take the side that seems
Wrong to so7ne blindfold eye."

Attention is called to the Pedigree Tables on pages 68, 69,
198, 429, 430 and 431. These are a device of the compiler's
for the exhibition of individual ancestry and degrees of re-
lationship ; they give only heads of families, but other persons
can be connected with their proper places in the tables by
means of the numbers affixed to their fathers. It was thought
unnecessary to index these tables.

Original dates are used in our records. The writer has
profound contempt for the course adopted by many editors in
altering Old Style figures into New Style. That foolish
"fad" of a century ago must be abandoned in this age of
the reproduction of ancient documents. March 25 was our
ancestors' New Year's Day till the middle of the last century,
and February was the twelfth month ; but they began on
January first to write both the old and new years, because
some other nations had adopted January first as the beginning
of the year. As far as possible these pages allow the ancient
recorders to tell their story in their way ; and several sturdy
traditions and ingenious guesses have been annihilated by
such quotations.

Lines of heredity have been stated upon unquestionable
^proofs, in the great majority of cases ; in a very few in-
stances, however, pedigrees have been given upon large
probability ; but in such cases this admission is made at the
proper point. Possibly documents may yet be discovered,
proving that some group of Cheneys is misplaced in this
Genealogy. But we have arranged them only on evidence


which we believe would stand in a Court of Claims ; and all
cases which are regarded as open to reasonable doubt have
been relegated to the Appendix. This book will furnish
admirable ground on which succeeding writers, more cau-
tious or more bold, may build other volumes, either as tributes
of respect to the departed or means of gratifying the ambi-
tion of the living.

The Origin of the Name and the Source of the
Family are subjects of great interest. When we have traced
back to the two pilgrims, William and John Cheney, what
do we find? Not a single trace of their origin except this :
they were Englishmen. "Brothers" ? They do not say or
act it. Scions of nobility? Neither of them left a word,
describing his place in the social scale. Their neighbors,
even when electing them to the highest offices in their towns,
wrote them down plain William and John. This leaves the
question open, whether they were rising men of plain degree
or " gentlemen," braving hardships from noble motives.
Kind reader, take your choice of these theories. But we
must remember that no one knows what relation William ^
and John ^ were to each other, or from what English family.

The word Chene in French means an oak. A great many
family names came from some peculiarity of the residence of
the family. So, it seems to the writer probable that when a
man lived near some conspicuous oak tree or in a grove
of oaks (chenies), he was called William de Chene, i.e.
William of the Oak. As this class of tree was common the
name might be given to many unrelated persons. Certain it
is that England had a score or more of families called by
some name which is a modification of that word chine, at the
period when New England was settled. Search has been
made at great expense in the Record Office and Somerset
House at London and in numerous other places, of the docu-
ments bearing on the history of those families. The follow-
ing pages contain very brief portions of that which has been
read and sifted. But no link has been found which connects
William of Roxburj'- or John of Newbury with any English


family. Nevertheless, let further search be made. Some
day the lines may be found which will certify the connec-
tion, and open the way for the claiming of coats of arms or
other tokens of ancestral position.

Till then we may enjoy the reflection that they were true
to their God and to themselves ; that they helped to found
the grandest nation earth ever saw ; and we may profit by
the lessons of their pilgrimage.



Before or Near the Time of the Settlement of

New England.

DEVONSHIRE. The manor of Up-Ottery, 5 miles
easterly from Honiton, is said by Devonshire historians to
have been given by William the Conqueror to Ralph de
Pomeroy, then passed to the proprietorship of the church of
Rouen, " from which it passed to Sir Nicholas Cheyney
in the reign of Henry III," (1207-1272.) The probate
records of the diocese of Wells show no early wills of
Cheyneys, but give two which may pertain to descendants
of the family who altered the spelling of the name.

I. William Chinn of Otherie, June 15, 1584. Children : Richard, Isabel,
Joane and Marye; wife Joane ; brethren, Thomas and Richard. 2. William
Chine of Otherie, May 14, 1631. Bequests to William Chine the elder,
Thomas Chine the elder, Thomas Chine of Coombe ; daughter, Marie ;
Elizabeth the daughter of John Water. Refers to some monej' in the hand of
William Chine of muirluiche. Bequests to William Tyler my daughter's
child, to son William Chine whom he appoints executor. A later will
shows that there were some in the vicinity who kept the ancient form of
the name. (3) Robert Cheyney of Yeovil ; son John Cheyney ; Richard and
Elizabeth, children of his son Robert Cheyney.

Pinhoe, a suburb of Exeter, was the home of William
Cheney and family for a few years in the opening of the
seventeenth century, but investigation shows that he received


the lease of the manor through his wife, whose family were
its owners, and his former residence and later home alike
evaded our search.

3. Joan Cheyney, wife of John Cheyney of Thorley was buried Jan.
9, 1625.

4. William Cheyney of Broadhembury died, and Thomas Cheyney,
vietor, was appointed administrator of his estate Jan. 10, 1633.


1 . The will of Thomas Cheyner, mercer, To be buried in the church of
St. Laurence, Jewry. Bequests for funeral expenses, to the church of St.
L. and to the scholars of Balyol hall, Oxford. All his rents and tenements
in the city of London to be sold for the payment of debts and legacies.
Bequests to each anchorite in the city ; to the ministers of hospitals and
prisons ; to the fabric of London Bridge ; for the repair of roads around
the city; to the convents of Clerkenwell, Haliwell, St. Elena, Stradford,
Kilbourn, Chestehunte and Derteford ; to his sister Johanne and others.
Dated at London, the morrow of the nativity of John the Baptist, [24 June]
A. D. 1361.

2. Henry Cheyner the father of Johanne, relict of Edmund Hemenhall,
and Alice his wife, made his will Aug. 18, 1361.

3. William Cheyne, " recorder of London," is alluded to in connection
with several wills in 1379 and other years.

4. Thomas Cheyney of St. Martin, Ludgate, London, haberdasher, had
a marriage license from the bishop Dec. 30, 161 5.

5. William Cheyney of London, pleb. was matriculated at St. John's
College, Oxford June 22, i6ro, aged 16; received degree of B. A. Jan. 31,

6. John Cheyney of St. Mary's, Islington, married Elizabeth Marshall
May 20, 1625 ; he was buried Aug. 22 following; the widow administered
on his estate the same day. 7. Richard Cheyney mar. Joan Halsey in
that parish Dec. 19, 1634. 8. At St. Botolph's Bishopsgate, London,
Thomas Cheney was christened Aug. 24, 1562; Margrett Cheney was
buried Jan. 7, 1577; "John Cheney gent, of Dunstan in the East, and
Susan Hatton, spinster, of this parish," were married June 19, 1655.

ESSEX. The colony which originally settled Roxbury,
in New England, contained a large number of persons from
Essex county, England, particularly from Nazeing, which
had been the seat of a Puritan congregation. Rev. John
Eliot, second pastor of the Roxbury church and afterward
the ''Apostle to the Indians" was born at Widford, in Hert-


fordshire, a few miles north of Nazeing. The region is an
interesting one for American genealogists.

At Walthatn Abbey, Robert Cheney, [so signed] yeoman, made his will
Oct. I, 1567: wife Johan, sons John, Raufe, William and Robert; he de-
vised lands, houses, rents, leases, &c. in Waltham, and "in Harfordsheare
beyonde Smalynge bridge " to Daughter Agnes.. A license to marry was
issued to " William Cheyney of Waltham Holy Cross, Essex, yeoman, and
Margaret Lloyde, widow, of the same," Feb. i, 158°; and they were mar.
in the church four days later, his name being spelled " Chenye " by the
clerk. Other records there are the following : " Elizabath Chayny dau. of
Rape Chayny was baptised March 29, 1 584." " Willm Chenye son to John
Chenne was baptised 21 Feb. 1584." "Richarde Chenne was buried 12 Sept.
1584." "Elizabeth Chenye the daughter of John Chenye was baptised

11 February, 1587." The parish of St. Peter's, Colchester, was the home
of " Isaac Cheineye" or " Cheyney; " in his will which was probated June
27, 1634, he mentions his daughters, Jane Martin, widow, Priscilla George,
Katharine Bloise, Thomasine Browne, and dau.-in-law, Katharen Arnold ;
grandson Isaac Cheiney, son of John Cheiney; Ann, Mary and Thomas
Streaton, children of his daughter Thomasin Browne ; grandchildren,
Elizabeth Rose and Deborah Prisman ; sons-in-law, Robert George and
Thomas Bloise, residuary legatees and executors.

HERTFORDSHIRE. In the parish records of Bishofs

I. John Chayne noted as a parishioner in the year 1542, was assessed
XVIII d. in 1558, was buried April 22, 1564. 2. George Cheany paid a
church tax of 4 shillings, 8 pence, in 1558 ; m. Johanna Gibbs Jan. 30, 1581 ;
she was buried June 30, 1587; he m. Elizabeth Dawset Nov, 2, 1591.
3. "John Cheny thelder" married Margaret Sweting Jan. 22, 1566, was
buried Sept. 23, 1587. 4. John Cheny m. Agnes Wright March 10, 1595,
was buried Sept. 22, 1604. 5. John Cheny, gent., had dau. Elizabeth
baptized Nov. 18, 1632, and dau. Sara baptized Sept. 21, 1634. Widow
Cheny was buried May 21, 1655. John Cheyney was buried Aug. 25,
1670. The will of (No. 4) John Cheany of Stortford, Herts, yeoman, was
probated Oct. 8, 1604; bequests to wife Agnes, brother George Cheany
and George's sons, John, Thomas and William Cheany. George and John
Cheany executors.

At Thorley (adjacent) Joan Che)Tiey y* wife of John Cheyney was buried
Jan. 9, 1625.

LINCOLNSHIRE. The probate records contain wills of
many persons by the name of Cheney and Cheyney from a
remote period. Thomas Cheney of Quadring, 1520 ; Chris-


topher Cheyney, Grantham, 1620 ; John Cheney, Benning-
ton, 1624; Thomas Cheney, Howell, 1633. The latter was
entitled "Esquire"; gave to his wife Bridget, daughters,
Ann, Elizabeth, and Jane ; brother William Chiney ; signs
"Thomas Cheyney." The will of John of Bennington is
worthy of perpetuation. He was one of the wardens of his
parish and apparently a man of fine qualities.

"/« the name of god Amen the Twenty & fowerth day of May 1621 I
John Cheney of Bennington in the pts of Holland & county of Lincoln
gent, whole in body & of good & pfect remembrance praise be given to
almighty god doe ordeine & make this my last will and testament in manner
& forme following hereby revoking all other wills by me formerly made —
ffirst I commit my soule into the hands of almighty god trusting most
assuredly that by the death of Jesus Christ my Saviour & redeemer my
sinnes are forgiven me & my body to be buryed within the quire of Ben-
nington aforesayd nigh unto my wife & for my mortuary as the Lawes

of this Realm doe requier

Itm I doe give to Lincoln mynster XI P

Itm I doe give to the pore of Bennington one quarter of barly to be
distributed amongst the needyest at the feiste of the Nativity of Our
Saviour Christ next after my decease

Itm I doe give to William Cheney my sonne a double Soveraigne
Itm I doe give to John Cheny the elder my sonne fowere pounds
Itm I doe give to Thomas Cheney my sonne Thertye poundes
Itm I doe give to John Cheny the younger my sonne ffortye poundes
Itm I doe give to ff ranees Cheney my daughter if she be then living
ffive poundes

Itm I doe give to Anne Cheney my daughter twenty poundes
Itm I doe give to Elisabeth Cheney my dawghter fforty poundes
[Then follow other bequests.]

The residue of all my goodes & Chatties not given or bequeathed my
debts & Legacyes discharged I give them wholly to Alysce my wife whom
I doe ordeine & make the sole executrix of this my last will & testament

■^ "^fr ^ ^ ^ 'Nf' ^

[Signed] John Cheyney."
Proved at Boston April 8° 1624.

The church registers at Bennington give the baptism of children of
John and Elizabeth Cheney as follows: Frances, Dec. 20, 1596; William,
Feb. 5, 1597; Jane, Feb. 28, i6oo\ John, June 30, 1605 ; Edward, July 20
1606; Thomas, July 25, 1607; Agnes, Oct. 16, 1608; John, Nov. 9, 1609;
Richard, Sept. 29, 161 1; Elizabeth, June 2, 1614. Edward was buried


Dec. 8, 1613 ; the wite Elizabeth was buried June 12, 1614 ; and the hus-
band and father was buried March 21, 1623.

At Leverton, an adjacent parish, Thomas Peeps married Isabel Chenie
May II, 1590. At Fteiston another neighboring parish, Walter Cheney
was assessed in 1591. In the annals of the town of Boston^ near by, the
heirs of Christopher Cheyney are stated to have owned land ; the date not
given. Thomas Cheyney was an alderman of Boston in 1685. John
Cheyney was mayor in 1725, and others of the name have borne honors
and held large properties there and in Skirbeck,


Tho7nas Cheney, Knight, bought the manor of Thornton, or Thornton
Bridge, with lands there and in Norton Milby and Humberton and a third
part of the manor of Letby; at Michalmas in the 27th year of Henry VIII
[1535.] He settled upon his daughter "Frances Cheyney alias Jesper
whom William Cheyney is about to marry," "the manors of Thornegum-
bolde and Pauleholme, and 12 messuages with lands," &c. in 1547. William
and Frances Cheyney sold land in Great Cowdon in Holderness [not

Sir Thomas Cheyney i^'' armiger'''') died Feb. 22, 1632, at Paull or
Thornegumbald, leaving a widow Priscilla and daughters : Anna, 6 years,
6 mos. old, Elizabeth, 5 years, 6 mos., and Jane, 3 years, 3 mos. A large
property, traceable to that in the family almost a century before. The
widow is said in Post Mortem proceedings to have gone to Spaulding,
Lincoln county.


1. Robert Chenye of Taysborough, 1572, document not examined.

2. John Cheney of Hejnpnall, tailor, made his will July 26, 1632 ; sons,
Edmund, John, Robert, Edmund's wife. Prudence, daughter Anna Lord,
grandson Huee Cheney, son of Huee [Hughie?], son-in-law Michael Herde.
He had leased lands and owned farming implements &c.

3. Edward Cheny, Norwich, 1630; administration granted to widow


I. Thomas Cheney of Aldeburgh, mariner, made his will March 6,
1626. Wife Anne; Henrie, son of his late brother John ; Thomas, son of
brother Henrie; if his wife marry again ;^ioo goes to the towne of
Aldeborough with which to provide a sermon on every Good Friday for
the improvement of the people. Margaret and Ann, daughters of his
brother John. Thomas, Henrie, John and Robert, sons of his brother
Henrie. Daughter Marie. Wife executrix, and brother Henrie and friend
Thomas Boone supervisors. Probated May i, 1628.


2. Anne Cheney of Aldeburgh, widow, will Feb. 7, 1628 ; bequests to her
brethren by the name of Wainfleete ; to Henrj' Cheney and to Robert his son.

3. John Cheany of Yarmouth, "caelebs;" administration granted to
James Cheany his brother, 1636.


Thomas Cheyney, of Berks, gent., matriculated at Brasenose College,
Oxford, Jan. 25, 1582, aged 18 ; M. A. July 8, 1585.

1. Thomas Chaynie of Up-Lambourne, made his will April 29, 1605.
Bequests to the church, to the poor &c. ; to his brothers Edward, John and
William Chaynie, his godson Thomas Chaynie, the children of Lawrence
Chaynie, viz. John, Dorothy, and Elizabeth. To Alice Cooper. Brother
Lawrence Chaynie residuary' legatee and executer.

2. John Cheyney of Cheping Lambourne, husbandman : wife Elizabeth ;
brother Lawrence ; kinsmen Edward Cheyney and Roger Cooper. March
I, 1618.

This Parish of Lambourne is worthy of note because it is positively
known to have been the birth-place of one family of Cheneys who came to
America in early times. John Cheyney came to the township of Middle-
ton in the county of Chester, in the colony of Pennsylvania ; died there in
1722. Two years afterward his sons John and Thomas went to London
and^ bought of John BoUors a tract of land, 1500 acres, in Thornburg, Pa.
In the deed they are described as being '• of Upper Lambourne in the
parish of Chipping Lamborne, in the co. of Berks." A large and respect-
able progeny have descended from these brothers. A town named Cheyney
has grown up on the family estates. Representatives of the family are
found in Philadelphia, among whom are Mr. T. Barton Cheyney, of the
Ladies' Home Journal, Charles H. Cheyney, Jr. and Horace L. Cheyney,

3. Thomas Chenney of Radley, will Dec. 21, 1610. Brother William
Chenney and his now wife, and his sons John and Raphe ; to John Chenney,
son of his brother John, and to John's other children. Brother-in-law
William Crouch and his daughter Agnes, and to his now wife, my sister;
to the church of Radley; to Richard Everlie and his mother; my [ . . . ]
Edwardes [ . . . ] Brother John Cheyney residuarv' legatee. A codicil
gives to the wife of John Chenney the son of his brother William, the
debts due the testator.

4. Thomas Cheyney of Wallingford; will April 14, 161 7. Sons Richard
Thomas and Henry ; wife Elizabeth ; daughters Dorothie, Elizabeth,
Margaret, Mary, Anne, Frances.

5. William Cheyney of Wallingford, tailor, deeded all his property to
his son Thomas Cheyney on condition that Thomas would maintain him
suitably the rest of his life. John Cheyney is one of the witnesses. Oct.
26, 1635.


6. John Cheney of Bayworth in the parish of Soningwell, Berkshire ;
will dated Aug. 20, 1626; wife Joane, dau. Alice; five sons, John, Ralph,
Thomas, Oliver and William, all under 21 years of age; bro.-in-law, John
Shurd. James Batte, one of the appraisers.


I. Sir Thomas Cheyney of Sundon, (called also "Esquire,") made his
will Aug. 22, 1612. Bequeathed to the poor of several parishes; to his
wife, Frances; daughters, Dionis, Anne, Helen, Frances, Mary — and her
five children; sons Francis, Thomas, "Knight," Robert, Henry, John and
Rotheram ; son, Mr. Samuel Bryan; grand -children, Edmund and Francis
Harding; Thomas, John, Francis and Anne Cheyney, children of his son
John Cheyney ; Thomas and Dorothy Cheyney, children of his son
Thomas ; and Brockas Scullar.


1. Sir Francis Cheyney of Drayton Beauchamps, will, Dec. 31, 161 9;
wife, servants, poor, &c. nephews Edmond Cheyney, and Francis Cheyney,
the latter chief heir ; brother Thomas Cheyney, sisters mentioned by sur-
names only.

2. Ralph Cheney of Hoveney, will Feb. 13, 1640; wife Elizabeth,
children under 14 years, Thomas, Elizabeth, and Margerie ; brother Thomas;
children of his cousins Thomas and John Cheney of Wallingford ; nephew
Jonn Cheney, now living with him.

Henry Cheyney of Buckinghamshire, armiger, entered Trinity College,
Oxford, April 10, 1581, aged 18 years.

Francis and Charles Cheyne of Chesham Bois, Bucks., were at Oxford
in 1639 ^"d 1640.


John Cheney of Rooke, husbandman, died Aug. 23, 1628. Verbal will.
Eldest son, Anthony Cheney, to have all his lands in Rooke and Berwick
Salome. Son John Cheney ^40 when he is brought up. Son Walter
Cheney ^40 when he is brought up. Wife Anna Cheney.


1. Thomas Cheyney of Sussex, gent, matriculated at Brasenose College,
Oxford, June 22, 1604, aged 18.

2. Robert Cheyney of " St. Peters the Great within the Gates, Chichester,
county of Sussex, yeoman," will May 12, 161 9, daughters, Susan, Mary,
Martha and Bridget ; wife Elizabeth.

3. In St. Lawrence church, Guestling, between Hastings and Winchel-
sea, there is a monument to John Cheyney Esq. who m. Elizabeth dau. of
John Palmer of Lincoln's Inn, Esq., who had one son and one dau., and d.
Sept. 20, 1603.



1. On the north side of Salisbury Cathedral is an alabaster effigy of Sir
John Cheney who fought in the battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.

2. John Cheyney of Everleigh, husbandman, will June 22, 161 6. To
be buried in the church or church-yard. Bequests to the parish church ;
to son John Cheyney, daughters Susan and Joyce Cheyney ; to wife not called
by name ; father-in-law, Richard Greene, brother-in-law, William Browne.
Inventory shows good farming outfit and comfortable home. The name is
spelled throughout the document Cheyney, but signed clearly " Cheney."

3. John Cheyney, senior, of Wilcot in Pewsey sold land in Ore or Owre
for ^200, at the Hilary term, 1633. The following extracts from the parish
registers of Wilcott are of interest. " 1580, 18*^ day of July John Cheyney
and Christianna Ploodall [?]were marryed." "1580 [old style] 19'"^ day
of Januarie John sonne to John Cheyney was baptized." Other children
were George, Elizabeth, Symon, and Thomas. " 1594. 21^* day of Septem-
ber John Cheyney & Margaret Chandler were marryed." "1610. 24*^^ day
of November John Cheyney thelder was buryed." "1611. i8*ii day of
September beinge Sonday John the sonne of John Cheyney the younger was
baptized." "1631. Margaret the daughter of John Cheyney & Joane his
wife was buryed." Several Johns thus appear, at least one of whom d. in

Online LibraryCharles Henry PopeThe Cheney genealogy → online text (page 1 of 49)