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and nobleness, cui bono. Thus vveighed, as we have seen, his
labors "amount to" nothing. He left a true life.

Yet Eliot was great, in the highest sense. To a heart run-
ning over with Christ-like love, to a spirit which, for untiring
resolution, the world has never equalled, he added lofty and lib-
eral views. Could he but furnish to a lew about him the ele-
ments of knowledge, teach them the gospel, open paths for others,
make a grammar, write the language, found Indian schools and
colleges, print the Bible so that the natives could read it, teach
them the benefits of art and industry, organize their society and
government, he looked forward with the faith of a prophetic soul,
to results which would put to shame all that most of the world's
"greal" men have done. He was more than a laborious mission-



Part 1.] history of roxburv. 117

ary, more than such as Penn. His works and plans show a
mind of the highest order. Results, so called, arc a fallacious
test of merit. The man must be weighed, independent of his
success.

How could Eliot be measured, for instance, with Thomas Dud-
ley. One was a public man, loaded with honors, a rich man, "a
zealous defender of the faith." The other went quietly to work,
almost alone, spending all he had, encountering danger and earn-
ing reproach. In their characters all is contrasted. One was a
man of the world. The other was spiritual, living out what he
used to say, "Heaven is here."

The traits of character, which strike men most, in Eliot, are
his purity and spirituality, his ardor and resolution, his benevo-
lence and humility. He was a Christian. He was complete
and well balanced. About all he said and did, there is that re-
pose which seems to be characteristic of the works of a great
soul. In almost his last letter to England, as earnest as ever
about the Indian work, with which he is identified, he speaks
with perfect calmness of his death as "drawing home." By con-
sent of the world, Eliot has been named an Apostle. "His mem-
ory is precious."

He lived nearly opposite Thomas Dudley's, on the other side
of the Brook, just back of the spot where Guild hall stands.

He died May 20th, 1690, in his 86ih year, and was buried in
what was called "the minister's tomb," in the first burial place, a
tomb which was built by subscription partly, and to which the
families of the ministers had some right.

The following is the record in the book of the first Church, in his
own hand.
Mr. John Eliot he came to N. E. in the 9th month, 1631 ; he
left his intended wife in England, to come the next year. He
adjoyned to the Church at Boston and there exercised in the ab-
sence of Mr. Wilson, the pastor of the Church, who was gone
back to England for his wife and family. The next summer, Mr.
Wilson returned, and by ye time the Church at Boston was in-
tended to call him to office, his friends were come over, and set-
tled at Rocksbrough, to whom he was first engaged that if he
were not called before they came, he was to be joyned to them



118 History of roxbury. [Part I.

whereupon the Church at Rocksbrough called him to be Teacher
in the end of the summer, and soon after, he was ordained to the
office in the Church. Also, his wife come along with the rest of
his friends the same time, and soon after their coming, they were
mariied, viz: in the 8th month, 1632. Hannah, his first born
daughter, was born the 17th day of 7th month, Anno, 1633 :
John, his fir?:t-born son, was born 31 of 6th, 1636: Joseph, born
20ih, 10th, 1638: Samuel, born 22d of 4th, 1641: Aaron, born
19th of 12th, 1643 : Benjamin, 29th of 11th, 1646.

Philip Eliot, the brother of John, came in 1635, freeman in
1636. He was a man of influence in the town, being often se-
lectman. He was feoffee of the school property, commissioner
for government of the town, deputy, several years a representa-
tive, and for a long time deacon of the church. He died in 1657,
the 22d of the Sth month. The church records thus give his
character. "He was a man of grace and -very faithful, lively,
useful and active for God." In the school records, or history, he
is not named as teacher, but, from the documents, it appears
that he was chosen a teacher of the free school. His property
was appraised in 1658 at £810 : 01 : 10. His will provided that,
after the death of his widow Elizabeth, Richard Withington of
Dorchester, John Aldis of Dedham, and John Smith of Dedham,
should make division of his property in right of their wives. He
lived west of Stony River.

John Evans.

Jacob Eliot, senior. In 1661, an inventory was taken of his
property, in which he is spoken of -as " formerly deceased." It
names " Jacob Eliot, jr." " mares and colts at Brantry with Fran-
cis Eliot," and a " mare at Sudbury."

Margery Eliot died in 1662, worth £294 : 19 : 08.

Samuel Finch was made freeman in 1634. His wife was Mar-
tha. He lived near Hugh Pritchard.

Mr. Joshua Foote had house and four acres next to Thomas
Weld's.

Robert Gamblin, jr. came in 1632, and brought with him John
Mayo, the son of his former wife. Hin wife's name wa^ Eliz-



Part I.] history of roxbury. 119

abeth. His father settled in Concord. He settled on Stonj' Riv-
er, just North of Thomas Bell's. The children born to him here
were Elizabeth, born June 24, 1634; Joseph, born March 14,
1636; Benjamin, born 1639; Mary, born March 6, 1641. He
was made freeman in 1634, and was a person of some weight in
town concerns. Gamblin's End, no doubt, took its name from
him. One of his daughters married Isaac Chenery.

Mary Gamlin, a maid servant, daughter of Robert Gamlin, sen-
ior, came in 1632, and died in 1633.

Arthiir Gary, or Gery, (see Gary,) had a house with five acres
next to William Heaths. He died in 1666.

William Gary had a homestead of five acres, west of Stony
River.

Thomas Garner, or Gardner, married Lucy Smith, 1641, had
Andrew, born March 5, 1641 ; Thomas, born 1645 ; Abigail,
born Feb. 15, 1645, died 1649 : Mary, born April 9, 1647; Pe-
ter, baptized Sept. 8, 1650. He died July 15, 16S9.

" Our aged Sister" Gardner, died 1658.

Peter Gar djier, or Garner, married Rebecca Groote in 1646;
had son Peter, June 24, 1647; Rebecca, baptized Nov. 9, 1647.

Samuel Garner and Lieut. Samuel Garner, are named in the
records as slain by the Indians in 1676. Samuel was son of Pe-
ter.

Mr. John Gore was freeman in 1637. His son John was born
in England, May 23, 1634. Obadiah was born here June 27,
1636, and died," 1646; Abigail, born Aug. 5, 1641, died, 1642;
Abigail, baptised May 5, 1643; Hannah, born May 5, 1645;
Obadiah, baptised, 1649. His homestead of four acres, was west
of Stony River, and bounded on the way leading to the landing
place and tide mill. He died in 1657. The children of his who
were then living, were John, Mary, Samuel, Abigail and Hannah.
John was clerk of the writs in 1632. Governor Gore was of this
family.



120 HISTORY OF ROXBURY. [PaRT I.

John Gorton, whose wife was named Mary, died, 1636. He
had six acres called the "Wolf's Trapp," east of the Dorchester
road, bounded on William Parke's and William Cheney's. His
daughter Mary died Aug., 1636. He had Mary, born 1641;
Sarah, baptized Jan. 4, 1643 ; Mary, baptized July 6, 1646.

Daniel Googan had daughter Elizabeth in 1644.

John Graves came in 1633, freeman, 1637. His wife was Ju-
dith Ahvard. They were married in 1635. They had Hannah,
born 1636. They brought five children. He died in 1644,
leaving Jonathan, John, Mary, and Samuel. The will of John
Graves, junior, is recorded in 1646.

Old Mrs. Graves died in 1644, aged SO years.

Richard Goade married Phebe Hews in 1639. Children, John
and Hannah, baptized 1643. Hannah, born 1641 ; Mary, born
June 23, 1644; Phebe, born March 12, 1646; Joseph, born Sep.
21, 1647, died, 164S. He had a homestead of three acres on
the Dorchester road.

Thomas Griggs married Mary Green in 1640. His former
wife died in 1639. He died in 1646.

Samuel Hagboriie, or Hugburne, or Haeburne, had children,
Elizabeth, born April 24, 1635; Samuel, born 1637; John, born
1640 ; Hannah, born Jan. 5, 1642. He lived East of the Street
now Roxbury Street. He died in 1642, the 24th of the 11th
month. He was a rich man. In his will he provided that ten
shillings per annum should be paid to the free schools of the
towne, when they should set one up, out of the neck, then and
long afterwards called Hagburne's or Haeburne's neck, and ten
shillings out of the house and home lot. His "widow" is named
in the Church records.

John Hale. [Name alone.]

Margery Hammond, a maid servant, came in 1632, and was
married to John Ruggles.

Hanchct, the same name probably as Hansett, married Eliza-
beth Perry in 1644. Had son, Thomas, in Oct., 1645 ; Samuel



Part I.] history of roxbury. 121

died, 1646 ; Hannah, one born in 1647 — another born Oct. 14,
1649, died, 1649.

Robert Harris, married Elizabeth BofTer in 1642, had child
Elizabeth, born 1644, and Timothy, baptized July 9, 1650.

William Heath came in 1632, and brought five children, Mary,
Isaac, Martha, Peleg, Hannah. He was freeman in 1632-3, and
representative to the first general court, and for six years. He
died in 1652, an " able, godly and faithful brother." His first
wife (and daughter Mary) were named Speare.

Isaac Heath was made freeman in 1636, was representative in
1637-S. An infant child of his died in 1641. His house was
west of the road that led from Boston to the meeting house. He
was ruling elder, and brother to William, He was one of the
chief men in town.

Isaac Heath, (probably a son) was made freeman in 1652, mar-
ried Mary Davis in 1650, had son, Isaac, born 1655. He lived
on Stony River, and had four acres there, bounded West on high-
way on the hill.

Israel Heath was a representative in 1636-7.

Peleg Heath was freeman in 1652,

William Healey was here in 1647. He had a house and mill
lot of three acres, bounded South on the highway. North on Hugh
Prichard, (who lived east of the road to Brookline) West on the
way to the landing place. Elizabeth was born Nov. 9, 1647 ;
Samuel died 1646.

Ralph Hemijigioay, or Hemenway, " a man servant," married
Elizabeth Hews in 1634, and was made freeman the same year.
His daughter Mary died April 4, 1634. He had children, Mary,
born May 1, 1635 ; Samuel, born June, 1636 ; Ruth, born Sept.
21, 163S ; John, born 1641 ; Joshua, born 1643 : Elizabeth, born
May 31, 1635; Mary, born April 7, 1647. He lived at the East
end of the town. His death is recorded in 1699, He seems to
have been active in town affairs,
16



122 HISTORY OF ROXBURY. [PaRT I,

Joshua Heioes, or Hues, came in 1633, married Mary Goldstone
in 1634. He had Joshua, born and died in 1639, and it is said
another Joshua in 1639 ; Mary, born Dec. 29, 1641 ; Joshua,
born 1644.

William Hills, a man servant, came in 1632, freeman in 1634,
married Phillis, daughter of Richard Lyman. They removed to
Hartford, Conn.

Thomas Hills., a man servant, came in 1633.

George Holmes had a son Nathaniel, born 1639, who was af-
terwards a representative in 1689, and a daughter Deborah, born
and died in 1641 ; and an infant, in 1642 ; another Deborah died
1646. His homestead of five acres was North of the way to Dor-
chester Brook, next to Thomas Pigg's.

Abram Hoio had children, Isaac, born June 24, 1639 ; Israel,
born 1644 ; Deborah, born Sept. 4, 1641. His wife died 1645.
He died in 1683.

Isaac Johnson was made freeman in 1635. In 1636 he mar-
ried Elizabeth Porter. He had children, Elizabeth, baptized Dec.
25, 1637 ; John, born Nov. 3, 1639 ; Joseph, born and died 1645 ;
Mary, born April 24, 1642; Nathaniel, born 1647; Isaac, born
1648. He was a representative, and captain of the artillery com-
pany. Captain Johnson and five other captains were killed by
the Indians at the taking of fort Narragansett, Dec. 19, 1675.

John Johnson, freeman in 1631. He was generally in public
life. He represented this town in the first general court, and for
fourteen years afterwards. He was a military man also, and was
" appoynted surveyor generall of all ye armyes." The public
stores were placed in his house, and it was when that was burnt
and blown up that the town records were destroyed. He died
Sept. 29, 1659, leaving £660. He kept tavern. Many public
meetings were held at Brother Johnson's.

Edward Johnson owned a house and two acres or more joining
the clay pits.

Humphrey Johnson married Ellen Cheney in 1642. They had
a child, Mehitable, 1644 ; Martha, Sept. 12, 1647.



Part I.] history of roxbury. 123

Lewis Jones had daughter, Phebe, born 1645, she died 1650.

Thovias Lavib came in 1630, and brought his wife Elizabeth,
and two children, Thomas and John. He had also Samuel, born
1630, and baptized at Dorchester; Benjamin, born 1639; Caleb,
born 1641 ; Joshua, born 1642. He lost his wife in 1639, and
married Dorothy Harbittle in 1640. His sons went to Spring-
field and Watertown. He died in 1646, and left £112 : OS : 01.
He had a homestead of eighteen acres, betwixt the meetinghouse
and Stony River, adjoining the lol.s of Isaac Heath and John
Johnson.

John Leavens, or Levinz, came In 1632, freeman in 1634. In
1639 he married Rachel Wright. They had John, born 1640;
James, born 1642 ; Peter and Andrew, born 1644 ; Peter, one of
the twins, died 1644 ; Rachel, born Aug. 1646. He lived on the
Dorchester road, where he had a lot of seven acres and house.
He died in 1647, 15th, 9th, " an ancient godly christian." His
first wife Elizabeth died Oct. 10, 1638.

William L£tvis came over in 1630, and was a proprietor of
Cambridge and admitted freeman in 1632, but returned to En-
gland and was married there. He had two sons born in England,
John, born Nov. 1, 1635 ; Christopher, born 1636. Lydia was
born here 1640 ; Josiah, born 1641. He lived next to William
Heath's.

William Lijon came in 1635, married Sarah Ruggles in 1646.
John was born 1647, April 10 ; Thomas, baptized Aug. 8, 1648 ;
Samuel, June 10, 1650.

Richard Lyman, freeman in 1633, came in 1631, and brought
Phillis, Richard, Sarah and John. " He was an ancient chris-
tian, but weak. He went to Conecticot, and met great affliction
for going near winter," lost his cattle, &c. He died in 1640.

John Mathew had children, Gertham, born 1641 ; Elizabeth,
born 1643. He is said to have removed to Springfield, and died
in 1684. " Being convict of notorious drunkenness and not hold-
ing remorse, he was excommiftiicated."

Bobert Mason, his wife was buried in 1637.



124 HISTORY OF ROXBURY. [PaRT I.

John Mayo, son of Robert Gamblin's wife by a former husband,
came in 1632, "but a child." He married Hannah Graves. His
sister was "a very gracious maiden."

John Mayes had a house and lot between Thomas Bells and
Robert Gamblins, on Stony River,

Philip Meadows married Elizabeth Ingulden in 1641. They
had a child, Hannah, born 1642.

Thomas Meakings married Elizabeth Talston, She died in
1650. The same year, Sister Meakings, the old woman, mother
to brother Meakings, died- Thomas had daughter Hannah, born
March 13, 1647.

M?-. Johi Miller, a preacher, came to this country in 1637,
His daughter Mehitable was born here in 163S, and Susannah in
1648. He went afterwards to Rowley, where he was minister,
and held various offices. He died in 1663, at Groton.

Isaac Morell was born in 1588, and came out in 1632 ; he was
freeman in 1632-3. He had the following children here, viz :
Isaac, born Nov. 27, 1632, died Jan. 31, 1633; Hannah, born
Sept. 12, 1636 ; Abram, born 1640. Elizabeth his daughter died
in May, 1638. Sarah, a daughter of his, married Davis, and
died in 1648. He had two houses and two forges. In 1720,
one of these belonged to Samuel Stevens, his great grand son.
He died in 1661. His will names his children Catharine (Smith,)
and the wife of Daniel Bruer.

James Morgaine married Margery Hill in 1640. His son John
was baptized Sept. 30, 1645. Hannah, born July IS, 1642. In
1651 he was here.

Abraham Newell came in 1634, and brought with him Ruth,
Grace, Abraham, John, Isaac and Jacob. One of his daughters
married William Toy. He died in 1672, at the age of ninety-
one.

Robert Onion. A child of his died in 1642. His wife, Mary,
died 4th, 2d mo., 1643. •

Edmund Parker married Elizabeth How in 1647.



Part I.] history of roxburv. 125

Nicholas Parker, with Ann, his wife, came in 1633 and brouglil
Mary and Nicholas : Joanna was born in ]635. They removed
to Boston.

William Parker had children, Theodore, born July 26th, 1637 ;
Hannah, born August 2S, 1639, died 1646 ; John, born June 30,
1645.

Deacon William Parke came in 1630 ; "was one of the first
in the Church at Rocksbrough." He afterwards married Martha
Holgrave, of Salem. Martha was born May 2, 1641; Sarah,
baptized Nov. 19, 1643 ; John, a son of his, died in 1646, not a
year old ; Deborah died in 1649, the 14th of 6ih month. He
lived on the North side of the road to Dorchester. He was rep-
resentative of the town for thirty-three years, often selectman,
and a man of influence. "He was a man of pregnant under-
standing and useful in his place." He died in 1685.

Giles Pason, or Payson, came in 1635, married Elizabeth
Dowell in 1637. They had children — Elizabeth, born in 1639,
and died, 1639 ; Samuel, born Nov. 7, 1641 ; Elizabeth, born
Feb. 14, 1644 ; Sarah, born July 16, 1648. He was a man who
held town offices often. He died in 16SS. His homestead of
five acres was on the Dorchester road. He was deacon.

Edward Payson, a man servant, married Ann Parke in 1640.
She died in 1641, and, the next year, he married Mary Eliot. —
His children were Marah, born Sept. 22, 1641 ; John, born June
11, 1643; Jonathan, born Dec. 19, 1644; Ann, born April 26,
1646 ; Joanna, born 1649. He had afterwards a son Edward, a
clergyman of Rowley, whose descendants are numerous.

Joseph Patching married Elizabeth Ingulden in 1642.

Christopher Peake, freeman in 1635, married Dorcas French
in 1636. They had Jonathan, born Oct. 17, 1637, Dorcas, born
1639 ; Hannah, born Jan. 25, 1642 ; Joseph, born Feb. 12, 1644.
He died in 1666. An infant died 1647.

Richard Peacock had Samuel in 1639 ; Caleb, March 1, 1641.
He died at Boston in 1691.

William Perkins lost a son William in 1639. Another of the
same name was born in 1641.



126 HISTORY OF ROXBIJRY. PaRT 1.]

John Perry was freeman in 1633. His son John was born in
1639. He died in 1642. His heirs occupied his place of two
acres on Heath's Lane, on the South side, and East of the high-
way leading from it. Besides John, he had Elizabeth, born Jan.
25lh, 1647 ; Samuel, born March 1, 1640.

Robert Pepper married Elizabeth Johnson, March 14, 1642.
She died in 1643. He was made freeman in 1643, and was at
Springfield as early as 1645. His children were Elizabeth, born
May 25, 1645; John, born April 8, 1647; Joseph, born March
18ih, 1649. His homestead of two acres was West of Stony
River. He died in 1682. In 1675, Robert Pepper was captured
by the Indians on his way to Northfield.

John Pettit. [Only his name occurs.]

Thomas Pigge was here in 1634, and made freeman that year.
His wife was named Martha. They had a daughter Martha in
1642. He died at Dedham in 1644. His homestead of three
acres was on Dorchester Brook, between land of George Holmes
and Ralph Hemingway. His children named in his will, are
Thomas, John, Henry, Saray, Mathew, Mary.

Christopher Pickett married Elizabeth Stowe in 1647.

John Pierpont was son of John, who came from England, and
settled in Ipswich. He had five children, John, who died with-
out issue ; James, called in an old agreement, "a student in ye
liberall arts," who was a preacher, and settled in New Haven ;
Joseph, who had no children ; Ebenezer ; Benjamin, who died
without children ; and Experience. A daughter Thankful was
born Nov. 26, 1649, and died Dec. 16, 1649. John was grantee
of the will in 1655, and died in 1682, at the age of 64. He prob-
ably came to Roxbury about the year 1648, when he bought John
Stowe's place on the hill.

Edward Porter came in 1636, and brought with him John,
about three years old, and William, about one year. His daugh-
ter Elizabeth was born Dec. 25, 1637 ; Hannah, born October 18,
1639; Mary, born 1642 ; Joseph, born 1644; Deborah, born
April 26, 1646. Had hom.eslcad of thirty acres.



Part l.] history of roxbury. 127

William Potter married Judith Graves in 1646.

John Polly died in 1690. His homestead ofeightcn acres was
on the way to Beare Marsh. He had twins, Mary, and Sarah,
born June 2, 1650.

Valentine Prentice "came to this land in the year 1631, and
joined the church in 1632. He brought but one child, his son
John, and buried another at sea. He lived a godly life, and went
through much affliction by bodily infirmity, and died, leaving a
good cup of gentleness behind him." His wife Alice, after his
death, married John Watson.

Willia?)i Pynchon, commonly called the founder of Roxbury,
came in 1630, and was one of the first foundation of the church.
He brought with him his wife, who died soon after they came,
and his children Ann, Mary, John, and Margaret. After some
years he married Mrs. Frances Samford of Dorchester, a grave
matron of the church. When so many went to plant Conecticot,
he also went with others, and settled at a place called Agawam.
Mr. Pinchin, as he is called in the account, went to the " Conec-
tico" to better his estate by trading with the Indians, and they
engaged particularly in the beaver trade, till the " merchants en-
creased so many that it became little worth, by reason of their
out buying one another, which caused them to live on husband-
ry." He was dismissed to the Winsor church, till they should
form a church themselves. This was in 1636.

" Afterwards he wrote a dialogue concerning justification which
was printed anno 1650, stiled the meretorious price, a book full
of errors and weaknesse and some Heresy, which the general
court of Massachusetts condemned to be burnt, and appointed Mr.
Norton, the teacher at Ipswich, to refute the errors contained
therein." It is said by a clergyman of this day who seems to
endorse the judgment of the court, that " the grand error of this
book consisted in regarding the sufferings of Christ as merely
' trials of his obedience,' and of course it was the first heretical
work on the Atonement that was written in this country." The
great and general court, to show they had not forgotten the les-
sons taught them in England, and as if they were a body cleri-
cal, drew up and passed a very long and virulent Protest, "to sat-



128 HISTORY OF ROXBURY. [PaRT I.

isfy all men that the court did utterly decline and detest it as
erroneous and dangerous." They ordered the book to be burned
by the executioner in the market place immediately after Lecture,
(the lime when they used to hang men,) summoned Pynchon to
appear, and promised to " proceed with" him if he did not retract
and give full satisfaction by another book to be printed here and
in England. He did make some explanation or retraction in
May, 1651 and he appeared before the court again in the fall of
that year. But the court suspended its sentence, and Pynchon,
probably fearing what might come from them, returned to En-
gland. He well knevv what it was to encounter heresy-haters of
the school of Dudley. The colony had furnished him some les-
sons. He fied for safety from their persecution to the place
whence persecution had driven them.

He died in England, at Wraisbury, in October, 1662, aged 72
or 74.

Pynchon was highly esteemed at the time the colony came
out. He was chosen assistant in 1628. He was one of the most
influential men in settling the colony. He was at one time its
Treasurer, and was esteemed for his piety, learning, integrity and
ability.

His daughter Anna married Henry Smith, son to Mrs. Samford
by a former husband, "a wise and godly young man," who went
to Agawam. Margaret married captain William Davis, Mary
married Mr. Edward Holyoke, son of Mr. Holyoke of Lynn, "Mr.
Pynchon's antient friend."

I can find no trace of the place of Mr. Pynchon's residence.

Thomas Raivlings came with the first company in 1630. He
brought his wife Mary, and his children, Thomas, Mary, Joan,
Nathaniel and John. He removed to Scituate.

Jolm Remington, had lot on the Brookline road.

Edward Riggs, freeman in 1634, married Elizabeth Rooke in
1635; she was buried October, 1635. Lydia was buried in Au-
gust, 1633 ; Elizabeth, buried May, 1634, and John in October,
1634. The death of Elizabeth, wife of Edward Riggs, is record-
ed in 1669.

Thomas Roone married Hannah Rowe, April 15, 1644.



Part I.] history of roxbury. 129


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