Copyright
Charles Richmond Henderson.

Introduction to the study of the dependent, defective, and delinquent classes, and of their social treatment online

. (page 32 of 35)
Online LibraryCharles Richmond HendersonIntroduction to the study of the dependent, defective, and delinquent classes, and of their social treatment → online text (page 32 of 35)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


Letchworth.



368 Appendix.



p. F. Aschrott : Das englische Armenwesen.

E. Miinsterberg: Die Armengesetzgebung, S. 519.

H. A. Millis : A. Jour. Soc, January, 1898, p. 482.

George Eliot : Scenes from Clerical Life.

Minnesota, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, etc. : Reports of State Boards.

111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1872, p. 186 (F. H. Wines); 1890.

Article by C. R. Henderson: Atlantic Monthly, February, 1900.

Address by C. R. Henderson: Ohio State Conference, 1898, on "Economy

of Trained Service."
Poor Law Conferences (British), 1898, p. 571.
111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1872, p. 186; 1896, p. 220 (records, causes) ; 1882

(descriptions of poorhouses) .

Chapter VI. The Unemployed and Homeless.

References. — G. Drage : The Unemployed.

J. Hobson: Problems of Poverty, p. 138.

D. R. Dewey : Massachusetts Report on the Unemployed, 1895.

A. G. Warner: American Charities, p. 177.

N. C. C, 1880, p. 279.

N. C. C, 1881 (L. L. Barbour); 1877, P- 126 (C. L. Brace); 1878, p. 57.

N. C. C, 1893, 1895, P- 288 (Professor McCook); 1899 (Dr. Gladden).

N. C. C, 1886, p. 188; 1891, p. 169 ; 1895, P- 2§8 (McCook).

Lend a Hand, September, 1895, p. 167.

J. Flynt : Tramping with Tramps.

Municipal Affairs, Vol. I, No. i, March, 1897.

Encyclopaedia of Social Reforms, p. 1342.

I. C. C. P., 1893; volume on Organization of Charities, pp. 77-98.

First Report U. S. Bureau of Labor.

I. C. C. P., Sec. I, pp. 108-117, 207-216.

Eden: State of the Poor, I, 165.

Mills : Poverty and the State.

L. Meriwether : Tramps at Home.

D. Rocholl: Dunkle Bilder aus dem Wanderleben, 1895.

J. J. Jusserand : English Wayfaring in the Middle Ages.

Hansen: Die drei Bevolkerungsstufen, p. 215.

Ribton-Turner : History of Vagrants and Vagrancy.

Luther : Book of Beggars.

J. G. Brooks: An. Am. Acad., July, 1894.

Schriften des deutschen Verein fiir Armenpflege und Wohthatigkeit, 16 and

17 Hft.
H. A. Millis: A. Jour. Soc, March, 1898 (laws in U. S.).



Appendix. 369

Char. Rev., June, 1894, English Municipalities and the Unemployed. Ibid.,

December, 1894, Compulsory Colonization.
P. F. Aschrott : English Poor Law, p. 24.
Fowle : English Poor Law, p. 147.

E. Miinsterberg : Die Armengesetzgebung, pp. 284, 370, 538.
Forum, February and May, 1894.
Ferri: Sociologia Criminale, p. 122.
C. Booth: Labour and Life, I, 150.
U. S. Consular Report, Vagrancy.

First Annual Rep. Poor Law Commissioners (English), 1834-1835.
E. Levasseur : L'Ouvrier Americain, I, 580.
Bulletin Dep. Labor (U. S.)> March, 1896; January, 1897.
R. Mayo-Smith : Statistics and Economics, p. 95.

Lodging houses and municipal control. — N. C. C, 1885, p. 321 (Boston

Lodge); 1886, p. 188.
E. R. L. Gould: Forum, June, 1894; cf. same, February, 1894 (Mrs. Lowell).
Fort. Rev., May, 1892 (E. M. Philips). I. C. C. P., Sec. I, pp. 1 17-123 (Ring).
Char. Rev., November, 1891 (A. Shaw).
A. Shaw : Municipal Government in Great Britain.
Articles in Municipal Affairs and Index.

Salvation Army schemes. — Nineteenth Century, Vol. 29, pp. 73-89 (Meath).

Con. Rev., March, 1893 (Moore).

Forum, February, 1892 (Peabody).

Jour. Pol. Econ., December, 1893 (Mavor).

Quar. Jour. Ec, Vol. V., pp. i ff (Warner).

Char. Rev., April, 1897, Vol. VI., p. 127; March, 1892 (Mrs. Lowell).

T. Huxley : Social Diseases and Worse Remedies.

" General " Booth : In Darkest England and the Way Out.

C. S. Loch : An Examination of " General " Booth's Social Scheme (1890).

Pol. Sci. Quar., April, 1891 (W. J. Ashley).

Fort. Rev., July, 1892 (Arnold White).

Employment Bureau. — N. C. C, 1885, p. 362 (Barnes). Tenth Rep. Bureau
of Labor Statistics of Illinois, 1898.

German labor colonies and related arrangements. — Forum, February, 1892

(Peabody).
Report on Labor Colonies, J. Mavor, 1892.
Der Wanderer (periodical).

v. Reitzenstein : Der Arbeitsnachweis, Berlin, 1897.
R. V. Hippel : Die strafrechtliche Bekampfung von Bettel, Landstreicherei

und Arbeitsscheu, 1895.



370 Appendix.

E. Miinsterberg: Die Armenpflege, p. 129.

Dutch Colonies. — H. C. Willink: Dutch Home Labor Colonies, 1889.

Chapter VII. Dependent Children.

References. — H. Folks : Char. Rev., 1899 and 1900; N. C. C, 1891,
p. 136.

N. C. C, 1891, p. 124 (Finley); 1888; 1889; 1895, PP* '95-213; 1884, p. 132.

N. C. C, 1892 (H. H. Hart, H. Folks).

N. C. C, 1883 (Letchworth). N. C. C, 1890, p. 190 (Miss Putnam).

Proceedings of a Conference on the Care of Dependent and Delinquent Chil-
dren in the State of N. Y., 1893; published by State Charities Aid Asso.

History of Child-saving (Letchworth, Randall, etc.).

A. G. Warner : American Charities, p. 202.

W. Chance: Children under the Poor Law, 1898.

E. Miinsterberg, Die Armenpflege (gives list).

Florence D. Hill : Children of the State.

E. C. Wines : Prisons and Child-saving Institutions.

C. D. Randall : A. Jour. Soc, May, 1896; N. C. C, 1888, p. 262.

J. A. Riis : Children of the Poor.

C. L. Brace : Dangerous Classes of New York.

Mrs. C. R. Lowell; N. Y. State Board of Charities, 23d Rep., pp. 179-259.

Rep. Mass. Infant Asylum and Board of Charity.

Penn. Children's Aid Society Reports.

I. C. C. P., 1893, Sec. II.

Children's Aid Society of Massachusetts (Birtwell) Reports.

Mrs. Wiggin : Timothy's Quest. ,

Florence Kelley: A. Jour. Soc, Vol. II, No. 3.

M. E. Richmond : Friendly Visiting, ch. v.

111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1888, p. 76; 1898, p. 61, 266, 279.

Report of State Board of Charity of Massachusetts, 1900, p. 33 ff.

Report of State Charities Aid Association of New York, 1898, p. 27 (on
motherless infants).

Manual training schools. — N. C, C, 1888, p. 272 (Felix Adler).

Fresh air and " Country Week.^'' W. S. Ufford : Fresh Air Charity in the

United States, 1897.
J. A. Riis : Children of the Poor, ch. x.
R. A. Woods (ed.) : Poor in Great Cities, pp. 1 31-150.

Compulsory education. N. C. C, 1885, p. 228 (W. T. Harris).
Placing out. N. C. C, 1885, p. 201 (Alden); p. 210 (Miss Smith); 1875,
p. 21; 1884, p. 143 (Hart); 1887, p. 293.



Appendix. 371

Lend a Hand: January, 1895 (Child).

New England Conference of Charities, October, 1894.

Kindergartens. — ^. C. C, 1885, p. 222; 1886, p. 48; 1888, p. 247 (Kate

Douglas Wiggin); 1889 (Mrs. Cooper).
K. D. Wiggin: The Kindergarten, 1893.
J. A. Riis : Children of the Poor, ch. ii.

Day nurseries (creches). — Char. Rev., June, 1892 (E. Carlyle).
Gurteen : Handbook of Charity Organizations, pp. 79-93.

Motherless infants. N. C. C, 1885, p. 185 (Mrs. Du Bois) ; 1885, p. 181
(Massachusetts plan, Mrs. Leonard); 1889, p. i; 1882, p. 57 (Sanborn);
1877, p. 67.

The care of motherless infants — illustrations of need and dangers.

Illegitimate children cared for by the Illinois Children's Home and Aid Society
in one year without the help of their mothers.

52 children under I month, 17 lived, 35 died.
41 children under 3 months, 15 lived, 26 died.
32 children under 6 months, 20 lived, 12 died.
30 children under i year, 21 lived, 9 died.

These figures, taken from the records of a careful society, show the difficulty
of rearing young infants without maternal care, and the fact that abandonment
is often equivalent to infanticide. The same law comes out in the report of the
(N.Y.) State Charities Aid Association, 1898, p. 27 : "During the year ending
September 30, 1895, there were received 129 foundlings, of whom 4 were re-
claimed almost immediately by their parents, I was adopted the day after its
admission, and the other 124 died — a death rate among those who did not leave
the institution almost immediately after admission of 100 per cent. . . . Other
large cities, notably Boston and Philadelphia, had tried the plan of boarding the
foundlings in families, and had reduced the mortality from 95 and 100 per cent
to from 20 to 30 per cent." The New York committee succeeded, even in a
trying summer season, in reducing the death rate with 45 cases from 100 to 62.2
per cent, and the rate for the entire year would be lower.

The evil effects of public subsidies to private institutions is illustrated by the
experience in New York City.

"In 1868 there were 2257 children in the county poorhouses. In 1875 the
' Children's Law ' was enacted. By it children were excluded from the county
poorhouses, and were to be placed in sectarian or private asylums of the reli-
gion of the parents at the expense of the public. . . . One sectarian institu-
tion has had for many years an average of about 3000 children on hand, the
public paying about ^300,000 yearly for their support. . , . Under this regime
child dependence rapidly increased."



jy2 Appendix.

The following table presents startling contrasts of the results of the different
methods : —

New York, one dependent child to .... 200 of population

California, one dependent child to .... 225 of population

Pennsylvania, one dependent child to ... 600 of population

Ohio (county homes), one dependent child lo . i ,000 of population

Indiana (county homes), one dependent child to 1,100 of population

Massachusetts, one dependent child to . . . 1,000 of population

Michigan, one dependent child to 12,500 of population

New York and California have the subsidy system, and Michigan has long

had a state system, and the results are apparent.

C. D. Randall : A. Jour. Soc, May, 1896.

New York State Charities Aid Association, pub. 63.

Under the Michigan system, 4,752 children since 1874 were disposed of as

follows : —

Total present wards > . Ij45^

Returned to counties 59^

Died 163

Adopted 467

Became 21 years of age . , 292

Girls married 143

Restored to parents 573

Declared self-supporting 1,062

Total 4.742

Chapter VIII. Medical Charity.

References. — Hospitals, Dispensaries, and Nursing, I. C. C. P., 1893, Sec. II,
by Dr. J. S. BilUngs, H. M. Hurd.

H. C. Burdett : Hospitals and Asylums of the World.

I. A. Hampton: Nursing; its Possibilities and Practice.

N. C.C, 1883, p.433; 1890, p. no, p. 156 (Hurd); 1891, p. 52 ; 1894, p. 94;
1895, p. 256 ; 1875, p. 52 ; 1877, p. 31 ; 1898, p. 320 ; 1899, p. 118.

Forum, June, 1897 (^r- Shrady on Dispensaries).

H. Ellis : Nationalization of Health.

T. Schafer : Weibliche Diakonie.

W. Rathbone : Sketch of the History and Progress of District Nursing, Lon-
don, 1890.

H. M. Hurd: Hospitals, Dispensaries, and Nursing, Char. Rev., 1900 (Bibli-
ography, pp. 417-418).

S. W. Mitchell (ed.) : Suggestions as to Hospital and Asylum Visitors.



Appendix. 373



H. M. Hurd and J. B. Chapin : Report on the Hospitals of the District of
Columbia, 1898.

Florence Nightingale: Notes on Nursing, New York, Appleton, i860.

Florence Nightingale : Notes on Nursing for the Laboring Classes, London,
Harrison, 1876.

W. G. Thompson: Training Schools for Nurses (article in Burke's Hand-
book of the Medical Sciences, Vol. V).

111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1896, p. 81 (Cook County).

Outdoor medical relief . — N. C. C, 1878, p. 32 (Wheelwright); 1880, p. xlix.
Provident dispensaries, — N. C. C, 1877, P* 3^*
Dispensaries. — N.Y. State Board Char., 1899, P* ^1'
N. C. C, 1878, p. 76.

Hospitals for consumptives. — 47th An. Rep. State Hospital at Tewksbury

(Mass.), p. 12.
Hospitals for venereal diseases. — N. C. C, 1889, p- 57 (Fisher).

Nurses. — N. C. C, 1890, p. no (Mrs. A. H. Smith); p. 115 (Cowles);
p. 130 (Fullerton); p. 140 (Isabel J. Hampton).

Red Cross and First- Aid societies. — J. Finley (of London), I. C. C. P., p. 657.

N. C. C, 1883, p. 434 (Pine).

Preventive Medical Charity. — ^. C. C, 1 888 (Dr. Walk).

The Government Sick Insurance of Germany. — Miinsterberg, p. 147,
says: "In the year 1894, 7,760,000 persons were insured against sickness,
18,192,000 against accident, 11,510,000 against invalidism; and the sick
associations contributed 109,000,000 marks for sick benefits ; the trades societies
paid 44,000,000 marks for accident benefits ; and the insurance institutions
paid 35,000,000 marks for old age or invalid insurance."

Reference. — Workingmen's Insurance, by W. F. Willoughby, 1898.

Chapter IX. Voluntary Charity of Individuals and Associations.

Church Charity. — Ratzinger : Die Kirchliche Armenpflege.

N. C. C, 1894.

N. C. C, 1889, p. 36 (Warner).

N. C. C, 1888, p. 198 (Wines).

N. C. C, 1880, p. 35 (Brinkerhoff).

George Herbert : A Priest to the Temple, ch. r.ii.

G. W. Mead: Modern Methods in Church Work (1897).

W. Gladden : The Christian Pastor and the Working Church.

Uhlhorn : Die Christliche Liebestatigkeit (3 vols.).

Uhlhorn : Christian Charity in the Ancient Church.



^^4 Appendix.

Social Settlements. — C. R. Henderson: Social Settlements, pp. i66, 23, 168.

Jane Addams: The Subtle Problems of Charity, At. Mon., Feb., 1899, p. 163.

R. A. Woods : The City Wilderness.

Philanthropy and Social Progress.

The Commons, published at the Chicago Commons.

Endowed charities. — References. A. Hobhouse: The Dead Hand.

J. Mackay: The State and Charity, 1898.

Subsidies and sectarian control. — 111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1888, p. 77,

272 ff.
The National Conference of Charities and Conditions ; history. — N. C. C,

1893; 1885, p. 501; 1886; 1888, p. I; 1887, pp. 14-20 ; 1889, p. xviii;

1892, p. 338 ; 1875, preface ; 1898.

State Charities Aid Association. — N. C. C, 1875, p. 103 ; 1893, P- 34-
Reports of New York State Charities Aid Association.

Chapter X. Charity Organization Society.

References. — S. H. Gurteen : A Handbook of Charity Organization.

A. G. Warner: American Charities, Ch. XIX (excellent).

T. Chalmers: The Christian and Civic Economy of Large Towns (Scribner).

Reports of Boston, New York, Buffalo, Philadelphia, Chicago, and other
Societies.

Charity Organization Review (London).

Charities Review, New York.

E. Miinsterberg: A. Jour. Soc, January, March, 1897.

C. L. Loch : Charity Organization.

N. C. C, 1878, p. 67; 1879 (Seth Low); 1881, p. 178; 1884, p. 69; 1885
(McCulloch); 1883, p. 75; 1888, p. 120; 1887, pp. 123, 135; 1889,
p. 10; 1892, p. 304; 1893, p. 52; 1895, pp. 80-101; 1898; 1899; 1900.

M, E. Richmond : Friendly Visiting.

Octavia Hill : Our Common Land, ch. 7.

J. R. Commons : Social Reform and the Church, pp. 27-48.

E. T. Devine : The Practice of Charity.

Pensions for the aged.—l^. C. C, 1885, p. 353 (C. L. Loch).

Savings banks and thrift. — N. C. C, 1887, p. 143 (Scribner).

M. W. Brown : Thrift.

Am. Soc. Sci., Jour., June, 1887, H. L. Wayland.

Part HI. Defectives.
Statistics of all classes of defectives. The numbers per 1,000,000 of the popu-
lation (1890-1891). — Mayo-Smith : Statistics and Sociology, p. 213 : —



Appendix.



375



Austria ....
Hungary ....
Sweden ....
Norway ....
England and Wales
Scotland ....
Ireland ....
United States . .



Blind.


Deaf




Mutes.


806


1,292


1,051


1,089


825


1,109


1,289


1,080


809


489


695


528


1,135


715


805


659



Insane,



i»5i3

603

1,818



Idiotic.

656
1,009
1,592



3,896

3,357



2,594
3,176
1,697



1,246

1,327
1,526



Total.

4,267
3,752
5,344
6,265

4,653
5,063

6,353
4,687



We are warned that the comparison by countries is not wise, since the accu-
racy of the figures varies with the numbers sheltered in institutions.

Causes of blindness. — The census data are not reliable, because they are
taken by peRons incompetent to form a judgment. Blindness is chiefly an
affection of advancing age. "In Ireland 71 per cent of the total blind were
aged 50 years or over. In Scotland 50 per cent of the males and 65 per cent
of the females who were blind were over 60 years of age. In England 45 per
cent of the males and 56 per cent of the females were 55 years of age and
over" (Mayo-Smith).

Deaf-fnutism is most marked in childhood. In Ireland 76 per cent of
this class were born deaf.

Insanity. — There is a great apparent increase, largely due to the improved
registration and more general use of hospitals and asylums. The number
treated in institutions in the United States rose from 56,205, in 1 881, to 97,535,
in 1889. Insanity increases with infirmity and age.

Idiocy is most conspicuous in early life, the highest number of feeble-minded
being between 20 and 25 years of age.

Double and triple defect. — " In England, in 1891, there were 82 both blind
and deaf and dumb, 380 blind lunatics, 500 deaf-mute lunatics, and 25 lunatics
who were also blind and deaf and dumb" (Mayo-Smith). In relation to all
these defects, the statements of causes in general tables, collected by ordinary
persons, are of much less value than those given of comparatively small numbers
by careful medical authorities who have studied each case.

Chapter I. Deaf Mutes and Blind.

References. — Edward Ellis Allen : in Education in the United States, ed. N.
M. Butler, 1900, p. 773 (bibliography).



376 Appendix.



Publications of the Volta Bureau, Washington, D.C.

American Annals of the Deaf.

U. S. Commissioner of Education, 1897-1898, II, 2511.

R. W. Hebberd: Char. Rev., Feb., 1901, p. 583 (homes).

H. A. Millis: Laws ; A. Jour. Soc, July, 1898, p. 51 ff.

N. C. C. 1882, p. 208 (Wait).

N. C. C, 1886, p. 234 (Huntoon).

N. C. C, 1888, p. 113 (Dow).

Reports of State Institutions.

Medical Inspection in Schools, Rep. U. S. Com. Education, 1897-8, II, 1489.

Child Study, ibid., II, 1281.
111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1872, pp. 13-42; 1888, p. 69 (workshops for

blind); 1882, p. 89.
32d Rep. New York State Board of Charities (1899), p. 21 (institutions for

defectives are " charitable" in the legal sense).
Deaf mutes. — ^. C. C, 1886, p. 215 (Fay) ; 1883, p. 406 (Peet).

Chapter II. The Feeble-minded.

References. — Journal of Psycho- Asthenics, Faribault, Minn.

Proceedings of Association of Medical Officers of American Institutions for

Idiotic and Feeble-minded Persons, 1876-1898.
S. G. Howe : Report on Idiocy, Boston, 1850.
Alexander Johnson : A. Jour. Soc, November, 1898.
Alexander Johnson: 111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1898, p. 297.

F. Warner : The Study of Children.

P. SoUier : Psychologie de I'idiot et de I'imbecile, 1891.
N. C. C, 1893 (Fernald).

N. C. C, 1895, PP- 150-185 ; 1897, ?• 287 (Powell).
Alice Mott: Slow Children; Char. Rev., June, 1896.

G. E. Shuttleworth : Mentally Deficient Children (1895) (bibUography).
W. W. Ireland: The Mental Affections of Children (1898).

A. Church and F. Petersen: Nervous and Mental Diseases (1899).

H. Emminghaus: Die psychischen Storungen des Kindesalters (1887).

Moreau: La Folic chez les enfants (1888).

111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1872, p. 16 ; 1898, p. 293, 296 ; 1896, p. 38.

N. C. C, 1884, p. 246 (KerHn) ; 1886, p. 288 (Kerlin) ; 1888, p. 396 (Bar-
rows, S. J.); 1891, p. 98 (Fisk); 1888, p. 106 (Wilbur); 1887, p. 250
(Powell); 1889, p. 86 (Mrs. Brown); 1890, p. 244 (KerHn, moral imbe-
cile); 1892, p. 155 (Knight) ; 1885, p. 158, 174 (Kerlin, Richards);
1888, p. loi (Rogers).



Appendix. 377

Feeble-vii7ided : Inheritance, — The following study was made by Mr. E. P.
Bicknell and published in the Indiana Bulletin of Charities and Correction,
December, 1896, p. 7 : —

• "There are in Indiana to-day about 1400 feeble-minded women between the
ages of sixteen and forty-five years. Unless these women have the utmost
care and protection of intelligent parents, they are almost certain to become
mothers. A careful study of 248 Indiana families, in each of which one or more
members have been feeble-minded, proves that feeble-mindedness is hereditary
in a marked degree and commonly descends from generation to generation.
The 248 families whose life history has been studied, contained a total of 887
different individuals. Of this number 63.4 per cent were found to be feeble-
minded ; 2.6 per cent epileptic ; 3 per cent insane ; .8 per cent blind, and 1.7
per cent deaf. Of the entire 887 persons, 20.9 per cent were illegitimate. In
loi of the families studied, feeble-mindedness was found to have existed in
two or more generations. In these loi families the number of feeble-minded
amounted to 80 per cent of their entire membership ... In one of our
Southern Indiana counties is a family of paupers, which has been represented
in the county asylum by from three to six or more members continuously for
the last thirty-five years. During this period over thirty different members of
the family have been inmates of the poor asylum. So far as known, every
member of the family has been feeble-minded. At least ten members have
been illegitimate. Already this family has cost the county more than $10,000
for support, and its history is not closed. In fact its productive power for evil
is probably as great to-day as at any time in its history."

It is desirable that students should investigate similar family histories in their
own counties. Most communities, unfortunately, will furnish only too much
material.

Chapter III. The Insane.

References. — N. C. C, 1892, pp. 94-124; 1888.

111. Rep. Board Pub. Ch., 1874, p. 19; 1884, p. 65; 1890, p. 82; 1896; 1874,
p. 20; 1898, p. 266 (boarding); p. 44 (plans).

Wisconsin Plan. Char. Rev., June, 1900, p. 151.

Reports of Wisconsin Board of Control.

Report Pennsylvania Board of Public Charities, 1898 (Com. on Lunacy).

I. C. C. P., 1893, Sec. I, Pt. I, p. 320 (detention hospitals) ; p. 124 (Barr).

Reports of Institutions and State Boards of Charities and Commissioners.

Insanity : Physiological, Psychological, and Medical Literature.
J. Loeb : Comparative Physiology of the Brain, ch. xiv.
T. S. Clouston : Mental Disease.
Spitzka : Manual of Insanity.



378 Appendix.



Maudsley : The Pathology of the Mind.

Mercier : Sanity and Insanity.

Ireland : Idiocy and Imbecility.

Paul Sollier : The Idiot and the Imbecile.

Chevert : Maladies du systeme nerveux.

E. Regis: Mental Medicine (1895).

A. MacDonald: Insanity and Genius, Arena, June, 1893 (bibliography).

Bucknill and Tuke : Psychological Medicine.

Insanity : institutional arrangement and treatment. —

Thomas S. Kirkbride : On the Construction, Organization, and General Ar-
rangements of Hospitals for the Insane (1880, rev. ed.).

W. P. Letchworth : The Insane in Foreign Countries.

D. H. Tuke : The Insane in the United States and Canada.

H. C. Burdett : Hospitals, Vol. III., chs. xiii., xv.

111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1884, p. 65.

N. C. C, 1876, p. 72 (Wilbur) ; 1875, p. 16; 1875, P- 45 (commitment) ; 1875,
p. 47 (state commission) ; 1876, p. 54 (E. C. Mann) ; 1879, p. 59 (Wines) ;
1883, p. 441 (congregate and cottage, Dewey); 1891, p. 78, and 1892,
p. 136; 1882, p. 97 (Wisconsin plan); 1892, p. 125 (Dewey); 1891,
p. 85 (state care); 1884, P- 222 (compensation for labor, S. Smith).

N. C. C, 1888, p. 25 (commitment, S. Smith); 1888, p. 69 (brain care, Rich-
ardson); 1888, p. 91 (prevention, Fisher); 1887, p. 215 (Hurd); 1887,
p. 271 (schools for attendants, Dewey); 1892, p. 94 (Smith).

Medical Jurisprudence. — A. M. Hamilton : A System of Legal Medicine.

Hofmann and Petersen : Medical Jurisprudence.

Historical. — A. D. White : A History of the Warfare of Science with The-
ology, II, ch. XV, xvi.

N. C. C, 1876, p. 90 (Bodim); 1885, p. 123 (Gundry) ; 1885, p. 94 (Chapin).

Chapter IV. Further Special Institutions for Defectives.

Epileptics : References. — W. P. Letchworth : Care and Treatment of Epi-
leptics (1899).

J. Sutton : A Colony of Mercy (Bielefeld).

N. C. C, 1898 (Carson).

111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1898, pp. 72, 300.

N. C. C, 1886, p. 298 (Knight) ; 1881, p. 325 (Russell) ; 1890, p. 263 (Gundry.)

Inebriates. — N. C. C, 1888, p. 131 (Slocum); 1892, p. 142 (Dewey).

Sterilization of the defective and criminal: References. — Boies; Prisoners
and Pauperism.

A. Jour. Soc, May, 1900, p. 847.



Appendix. 379

Social selection by segregation. — N. C. C, 1888, p. 91 (Fisher).

Chapter V. State Boards and Federal Functions.

References. — N. C. C, 1877, p. xv (Rhode Island); 1883 (Bishop Gillespie);
N. C. C, 1895, P- 28; 1890 (Wines); 1884, p. 92; 1892, p. 13 (Letch-
worth); 1893, P- ZZ\ 1886, p. 19; 1887, p. 75 (Sanborn); p. 267; 1889
(Hart); 1 881, p. 240.

Goodnow : Municipal Problems, p. 308.

Woolsey : Political Science, II, 367.

111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1874, p. 44 ff; 1884, p. 7.

N. Y. State Charities Aid Ass., N. C. C, 1897, P- 278.

W. P. Letchworth : Care and Treatment of Epileptics, p. 24.

Reports of Charitable and Reformatory Institutions of the District of Columbia.

State Boards of Control. — S. E. Sparling: Ann. of Am. Ac, Jan., 1901, p. 74.

Charities, Jan. 19, 26, 1 90 1.

Public supervision of private charities. — 31st Rep. Mass. State Board of



Online LibraryCharles Richmond HendersonIntroduction to the study of the dependent, defective, and delinquent classes, and of their social treatment → online text (page 32 of 35)