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Charles Richmond Henderson.

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Charity, 1900, pp. 83-84.

Accounts of piiblic institutions, checks, and auditing : References. — 111. Rep.
Board Pub. Char., 1872, pp. 123-125.

The Merit System in public institutions. — N. C. C, 1877, p. xxv.; 1880,
p. 28, 224; 1881, pp. XXX., 13, 170, 188, 251; 1882, pp. 34, 208, 215; 1884,
p. 92; 1889, p. 109, 116; 1897; 1898; 1899-

Charity to Indians. — N. C. C, 1887, p. 163 (Garrett); p. 172 (Miss
Fletcher); 1892, p. 23 (Garrett); p. 59 (Miss Fletcher).

Women in philanthropy. — E. Miinsterberg : Die Armenpflege.
N. C. C, 1891, p. 230; 1892, p. 216.

Part IV. Criminal Sociology.

For " schedule " which may be used to guide observation and detailed
study of prisons and reformatories, see Appendix, Part I.

Abbreviations : N. P. A. = Proceedings of National Prison Association, 1886-
1899 (14 vols.). N, C. C. = National Conference of Charities and Cor-
rections.

List of Books in English, on Crimes, Criminals, Prisons, Reformatories, Crimi-
nal Law, Juvenile Offenders, Prevention : —

E. Ferri : Criminal Sociology.

R. Dugdale : The Jukes.

C. Lombroso and G. Ferrero : The Female Offender.

H. Ellis : The Criminal.

A, Drahms : The Criminal.



380 Appendix.

F. H. Wines : Punishment and Reformation.
R. Mayo-Smith : Statistics and Sociology.

R. Mayo-Smith : Emigration and Immigration.

G. Rylands : Crime, Its Causes and Remedy.
A. Bradford : Heredity and Christian Problems,

A. MacDonald: Criminology (T. Y. Crowell, N. Y.).

A. MacDonald: Abnormal Man (Government Printing House, Washington).

Contains list of books and index of N. P. A. to 1892.
A. MacDonald: Education and Patho-Social Studies.
E. S. Talbot: Degeneracy (Scribners).
W. D. Morrison : Crime and Its Causes.
W. D. Morrison : Juvenile Offenders.
C. D. Wright: Relation of Economic Conditions to the Causes of Crime, in

Am. Ac. of Pol. and Soc. Sci., No. 91.
Le Bon : The Crowd.
J. Bentham : Principles of Legislation.
Stephen : History of Criminal Law in England.
Pike : History of Crime in England.
Montesquieu: Spirit of the Laws.
Bishop : Criminal Law (full) .
May: The Law of Crime (brief).

Mann : Psychological Medicine, or A. M. Hamilton, A System of Legal Medicine.
E. C. Wines : Prisons and Child-saving Institutions.
Aschrott : English System of Punishment.
E. Du Cane : Punishment and Prevention of Crime.
Tallack : Penological and Preventive Principles.
LI. M. Boies : Prisoners and Poverty.
Pestalozzi : Leonard and Gertrude.
C. L. Brace : Dangerous Class.
C. L. Brace : Gesta Christi.
Ribot : Diseases of the Will.
Guyau : Education and Heredity.
Life of John Howard.
Life of Elizabeth Fry.
The N. Y. State Reformatory, F. Winter.
Swan Sonnenschein : Social Science Series.
Leffingwell : Illegitimacy.
Maudsley : Responsibility in Mental Disease.
C. B. Beccaria : Essay on Crimes and Punishments (in J. A. Farrar's Crimes

and Punishments).
J. Flynt : The Powers That Prey.



Appendix. 381



M. Davitt : Leaves from a Prison Diary.

D. L. Dix : Remarks on Prisons and Discipline in United States. Boston, 1845.
J. Howard: State of Prisons, 1784 (rare and costly.)

J. Howard: Further Observations on Prisons, 1789.

E. C. Wines : International Penitentiary Congress, 1873.

Late reports by C. D. Randall and S. J. Barrows, 1895. Washington, D. C.

R. W. McClaughry : Bertillon System, Rand, McNally, Chicago.

W. M. F. Round: Our Criminals and Christianity, New York, 1888.

R. Vaux : Brief Sketch of Penitentiary for the Eastern District of Pennsyl-
vania, Philadelphia, 1888.

Proceedings of National Prison Congress. Write J. P. Byers, Columbus, Ohio
(indexed to 1892 in MacDonald's Abnormal Man),

Proceedings of National Conference of Charities and Correction, H. H. Hart,
secretary. Unity Building, Chicago.

American Journal of Sociology, University of Chicago. ^2.00 a year since
July, 1895.

Journal of Social Science.

U. S. Census, 1890, Crime, Pauperism, and Benevolence, 2 parts.

Twelfth Report Mass. Bureau of Statistics.

A very complete list of books and articles on crime, in various languages, is
printed in MacDonald's Criminology, but it is not annotated.

Societies.

I. For study of Criminal Anthropology.

International Congress of Criminal Anthropology.

Organ : Archives de I'Anthropologie Criminelle. See Ellis, The Criminal,

p. 307-
II. For study of Penal Law.

L'Union Internationelle de Droit Penal (the International Association of
Penal Law), founded in 1889, on the suggestion of Professor von
Liszt.
Bulletins published by J. Gutentag, Berlin.
III. For the study of Penology.

1. International Penitentiary Congress, Secretary, Dr. Guillaume,

Geneva, Switzerland.

2. National Prison Association. Secretary, Rev. J. L, Milligan, Alle-

gheny, Pa.
References. — N. P. A., 1886, preface and p. 25; 1887, p, 49 (his-
torical) .

3. Societe Generale des Prisons (France). Secretary, M. Albert

Riviere.
Organ : Revue Penitentiaire, Paris, Marchal et Billard.



382 Appendix.



4, Verein der deutschen Strafanstaltsbeamten.

Organ: Blatter fiir Gefangnisskunde. Editor, Dr. Jur, Oskar

Wirth.
Die Rheinische-Westfalische Gefangnissgesellschaft.
IV. Various societies which give attention to criminal sociology.

National Conference of Charities and Correction, annual reports since

1879.
American Social Science Association.

Instruction of Prison Officers and Assistants.

See Bui. Commission Penitentiaire International, 4 ser,, liv. Ill, 1900, Vol. 3,
p. 424.

Assuming, for the present, that systematic instruction in prison science and
related topics is desirable for all prison officers, we have to inquire how such
instruction may be imparted.

(i) For the higher positions it is desirable to study these subjects at a uni-
versity in the departments of sociology, jurisprudence, physiology, and peda-
gogy, when this is possible ; and some of the universities are already prepared
to do this work.

(2) For subordinate positions, to be filled by men who have a " good Eng-
lish education," two methods are available : {a) a normal class in the prison ;
((5) study at a college or university, if the preparation is adequate for admission
to regular classes, or if special classes are formed to give needed instruction ;
or (<:) study in special institutes or classes to be formed for this purpose.

The subjoined Course of Study will serve for an outline of either plan, and
its use might be facilitated if the leader in a prison should become a corre-
spondent with the extension division of a university which offers such help.
But it is possible to do a great deal simply under the leadership of an officer
of the prison, — warden, chaplain, teacher, physician, or deputy.

Hints for leaders of classes or for private students : —

1. Each student should make brief abstracts of a chapter and be able to
state each point in his own language.

2. The student should then write out his criticisms of the chapter, point by
point, and give his reasons for his opinion. He should also add facts and
judgments from his own observation, experience, conversation with experts,
and his reading.

3. Discussion is valuable to clarify the judgment, improve expression, and
deepen impressions.

4. Visits to other institutions of a similar kind are helpful. The points
observed should be written down in notebooks, in the order of the schedule
for observation.



Appendix. 383

5. The criminal code of the state statutes should be diligently studied and
discussed.

6. The prison system of the state should be carefully described, and its
strong and weak points discussed.

7. Incidents from prison life can be used for illustration of statements and
principles mentioned in the text.

Normal Class in a Prison.

Course of Study.

I. The study of the criminal : physical, psychical, and social. D. D. D.,
Part IV, ch. i, and references in Appendix.
II. The study of the causes of crime. D. D. D., Part IV, ch. ii (compare
Part I). The institution physician may give particular aid here,
and in ch. i.

III. The study of criminal law and procedure. D. D. D., Part IV, ch. iii,

and use references ; also make careful abstracts of the criminal
code of the state in which the prison is situated, and all related
statutes and decisions. Lectures by a local lawyer would aid.

IV. Penology : process and method of punishment and reformation.

D. D. D., Part IV, ch. iv, and references. Here the warden, teacher,
and chaplain' may divide the subjects for informal lectures and
questions.
V. Preventive principles. D. D. D., Part IV, ch. v.
VI. Juvenile offenders. D. D. D., Part IV, ch. vi.
VII. Criminal statistics. D. D. D., Appendix.

Chapter I. Criminal Anthropology.

Clouston: Mental Diseases, pp. 255, 256.

Ellis : The Criminal, p. 230.

Ferri : Criminal Sociology, ch. i.

A. MacDonald: Criminology, pp. 130, 156, 157.

C. Fere : La Famille Neuropathique, ch. iii.

Letourneau : Evolution Juridique, p. 509.

C. Lombroso : L'Uomo Delinquente.

C. Lombroso : Female Offender.

G. Tarde: Char. Rev., April, 1897.

M. Benedikt : Verbrecher-Gehirnen.

Wines : Punishment and Reformation, ch. xi.

A. Marro : I Caratteri dei Delinquenti, ch. xxvi.

Dugdale : The Jukes, pp. iio-iii.

E. S. Talbot: Degeneration.



384 Appendix.

Guyau : L'Art au point de vue sociologique, ch. iii.

J. H. Hyslop : A. Jour. Soc, May, 1897 (Supp.)-

W. W. Ireland : The Mental Affections of Children, p. 31.

A. F. Chamberlain: The Child, 1900, ch. ix.

R. Fletcher : The New School of Criminal Anthropology, Amer. Anthr., Vol.
IV (1891), pp. 47-49.

A. A. Baer: Der Verbrecher in anthropologischer Beziehung, Leipzig, 1893
(anti-Lombroso) .

N. C. C, 1884, p. 256 (Kerlin: moral imbecility); N. C. C, 1885 (Brock-
way).

N. P. A., 1890, p. 274 (H. D. Wey); 1897, P- 347 (Lydston).

F. Warner: The Study of Children, pp. 57-59.

A. Krauss : Die Psychologie des Verbrechens.

Crime in relation to insanity. — N. P. A., 1898, p. 316 (Richardson); 1898,
p, 327 (provision for the criminal insane, Allison); 1892, p. 175 (A.
Jacobi) .

Tramps. — N. P. A., 1898, p. 311 (A. Johnson).

Habitual criminals. — N. P. A., 1886, p. 189 (Wayland) ; 1887, p. 225 (same) ;
1889, p. 185 (Brinkerhoff ) ; 1892, p. 255 (Spalding).

Inebriates aitd criine. — N. P. A., 1887, p. 239 (Spalding, Wayland); 1890,
p. 243 (Morris); 1899, p. 45 (Warner).

Sex in crime: References. — C. Lombroso : The Female Offender.
Mayo-Smith : Statistics and Sociology, pp. 277, 282.
Working Women in Cities. Rep. Com. Labor, 1888.

Age. — A. Marro: La Puberta.

Alcoholism. — Mayo-Smith: Statistics and Sociology, p. 279.
Vidal: Rev. pen., 1897.

J. Koren: Economic Aspects of the Liquor Problem, 1899.
A. Baer: Der Alkoholismus, 1878.
Twelfth Report, Mass. Bureau Statistics.
J. Malgat: Bui. Com. Pen. Int., 1900, Liv. IV, p. 557,

J. Rountree and A. Sherwell : The Temperance Problem and Social Reform,
1900.

Freedom of will and responsibility. — ^. James, Psychology, II, 572.

Rosenkranz: Philosophy of Education, p. 171.

Hoffding: Ethik, p. 72.

Vonlhering: Zweck im Recht, p. 1 1.

A. Bradford : Heredity and Christian Problems, ch. vi.



Appendix.



3^



Chapter II. Causes of Crime.

Review Part I, D. D. D., Heredity and environment.

Economic causes. — N. P. A., 1897, P- ^54 (S. G. Smith) ; 1892, p. 121 (C. D.

Wright).
A. Marro : I Caratteri dei Delinquenti, pp. 5, 2)Z J ch. 25.
E. Ferri: Sociologia Criminale, pp. 117, 230.

E. Ferri : Criminal Sociology.

J. Bentham : Principles of Legislation, I, 9, 10.
C. Lombroso : Le Crime, Causes et Remedes, 1899.
Quetelet : Physique Sociale, II, 258.
V. Ottingen : Moralstatistik.

F. H. Wines : Punishment and Reformation, pp. 266, 292.
Mayo-Smith : Statistics and Sociology, pp. 259 ff.

W. D. Morrison : Juvenile Offenders, pp. 38-40.

Bodio: Rev. pen., 1897, P* 92'

A. G. Warner: A. Jour. Soc, November, 1895.

G. Tarde : Criminalite Comparee.

Foreign immigrants and crime. — H. H. Hart, A. Jour. Soc, November, 1896.

J. B.Weber: Char. Rev., January, 1894.

Cong. Record, 54th Congress, Vol. 29, 2d Session, March 2, 1897, House Pro.

Negroes and crime. — Hoffman's Race Traits of the American Negro.

DuBois : The Philadelphia Negro.

M. N. Work : A. Jour, of Soc, September, 1900.



Estimates of the relative importance of alcoholism as a crime cause.

Mr. Koren's studies of 13,402 convicts in 12 states, show that intemperance
figured as one cause in 49.95 per cent of the cases ; as the first cause in 31
per cent ; sole cause, 16 per cent ; crimes against the person, 51.5 per cent ;
crimes against property, 49.5 per cent (Economic Aspects of the Liquor Prob-
lem, p. 133).

The nationalities seemed to be represented as follows in crimes due to
intemperance : —



PER CENT.

Russians (many Jews) . 25
Austrians 34.62

' 44-87



Germans .
Italians .
Americans
English .



50

50-23

52.92



Poles . . .
Scandinavians
Irish . . .
Canadians
Scotch , . .



PER CENT.

53-41
56.25
56.70

56.74
58.33



3 86 Appendix.

Negroes much led to crime by drink; acute cause.

The Massachusetts Bureau of Labor Statistics (26th Ann. Rep., p. 137) gives
50.88% due to intemperance, in striking agreement with Koren.

Swiss statistics, 1893, give 30.80% as direct cause of crime with 3142 convicts.
The Press and crime. — N. P. A., 1886, p. 145 (H. W. Mabie).

Chapter III. Penal Law,

References. — T. H. Green : The Right of the State to Punish, Works, II, 486 ff.

A. Prins: Science Penale et Droit Positif (1899).

J. W. May: The Law of Crimes, 2d ed., 1893.

Bishop : Statutory Crimes.

Stephen : History of the Criminal Law.

Markby : Elements of Law.

Hochheimer : Law of Crimes and Criminal Procedure.

T. E. Holland: The Elements of Jurisprudence, 9th ed., 1900.

Woolsey : Political Science, I, 334.

McCarthy: History of Our Own Times, ch. 17.

S. J. Barrows : New Legislation concerning Crimes, Misdemeanors, and Pen-
alties, Washington, 1900.

A. M. Hamilton : System of Legal Medicine.

R. von Krafft-Ebing : Lehrbuch der gerichtlichen Psychopathologie, 3d auf.,
1892.

T. J. Lawrence : The Principles of International Law, pp. 233, 240.

Wheaton : International Law.

Davis : International Law.

Actes du Cong. pen. int. du St. Petersburg, 1890, Tom. II, pp. 13, 22, 34.

Report of Delegates to 5th Int. Prison Congress, p. 25.

Zurcher in Bulletin Congres Pen. Int., 1900, 4 ser., Liv. Ill, 3d vol., p. 461.

Philosophy of crime and penalty. — N. P. A., 1890, p. 222 (W. T. Harris);
1895, p. 256 (Crocker); 1896, p. 14 (Brinkerhoff) ; 1896, p. 40 (F. H.
Wines) .

Crimijial law reform in United States. — N. P. A., 1898, p. 185 (Ellison);
1898, p. 424 (Follett); 1892, p. 87 (F. Wayland); 1888, p. 113 (Way-
land); 1890, p. 20 (Reeve); 1897, P- Hi (J- D. Milliken) ; 1895, p.
335 (Reeve); 1894, p. 149 (Eugene Smith); 1890.
The " indeterminate " sentence. — N. P. A., 1898, p. 164 (F. H. Wines) ; 1887,
p. 184 (Brockway); p. 199 (Eugene Smith); 1897, P- 245 (Wines);
1895, P- 97 (Spalding); 1899, p. 159 (C. T. Lewis); 1898, p. 408 (J. F.
Scott).
Variations in penalties in United States. — N. P. A., 1894, p. 315.



Appendix. 387



Chapter IV. Elements of Penology.

See chapter in Part II on the Unemployed, Colonies.

Reformatory System in the United States (House Document 459, Fifty-sixth
Congress) .

Prison Systems of the United States (House Document 566, Fifty-sixth
Congress).

Indeterminate Sentence and the Parole Law (Senate Document 159, Fifty-
fifth Congress).

Penological Questions (Senate Document 158, Fifty-fifth Congress).

Reports by S. J. Barrows.

F. H. Wines : Punishment and Reformation.

E. Du Cane : Punishment and Prevention of Crime.

S. J. Barrows: Forum, December, 1900, Progress in Penology.

Tallack : Penological and Preventive Principles.

Horatio Seymour: N. P. A,, 1892.

Rutherford B. Hayes: N. P. A., 1888, p. 14.

Proceedings of National Prison Association.

Les Actes du Congres penitentiaires Internationale: London, 1872; Stock-
holm, 1878; Rome, 1885; St. Petersburg, 1890; Paris, 1895; Brussels,
1900.

Reports of C. D. Randall and S. J, Barrows.

N. C. C, 1891, p. 202; 1883, p. 163.

N. P. A., 1894, p. 119 (C. R. Henderson); 1890, p. 79 (Wines); 1898, p. 15
(Brockway); 1895, p. 305; 1888, p. 161 (Vaux) ; 1899, p. 58 (Sanborn).

The jail. — 111. Rep. Board Pub. Char., 1882, p. 299; 1890, p. 184.
N. C. C, 1886, p. 31; 1878, p. 102; 1881, p. 231.
N. P. A., 1898, p. 397 (Byers); 1886, p. 41; 1887, p. 242 (Meredith).
District workhouses. — N. C. C, 1879, p. 99.
N. P. A., 1898, p. 397 (Byers, Ohio workhouses).

Reformatory methods. — N. P. A., 1898, p. 500 (Coffin); 1898, p. 256 (C. D.
Warner) .

General works. — Franz von Holtzendorff und E. von Jagemann : Handbuch

des Gefangnisswesens, Hamburg, J. F. Richter, 1888. 2 Bande.
Krohne : Lehrbuch der Gefangnisskunde.
Aschrott : Strafen und Gefangnisswesen Nordamerikas.

Dietaries: References. — Food Bulletins of Department of Agriculture, pre-
pared under direction of Professor W. O. Atwater (valuable).
N. P. A., 1886, p. 61 (Brush).

Matrons for jails f etc. — N. C. C, 1881, p. 309.



388 Appendix.

Par do7iing power in executive. — N. C. C, 1886, p. 77 (Hoadly).

Southern prisons, lease system. — N. C. C, 1883, p. 240 (G. W. Cable).

N. P. A., 1886, p. 130 (Sims); 1889, p. 108 (Cunningham); 1890, p. 104

(Lea); 1897, p. 298 (J. N. Henderson); 1897, P- 3^^ (Hill); 1893,

p. 123.
Educational factor in prisons. — N. P. A., 1896, p. 151 (C. R. Henderson),
Religion as a reformatory factor, Chaplaiiis, etc. — N. C. C, 1899, p. 204

(Tufts); 1886, pp. 103, 170 (Massie); 1892, p. 45 (French). See each

year reports of Chaplains' Association of N. P. A.
Cellular priso7is. — Dr. J. Morel, N. P. A., 1897, P- 266.
International Prison Congress, 1900 (resolutions).

English priso7i system. — Du Cane : Punishment and Prevention of Crime,
Aschrott : English Prison System.
Wines: Punishment and Reformation, p. 162.

Women's prisons. — N, C. C, 1881, p. 266 (Sherborn, Mass.).

N. P. A„ 1898, p, 275 (S. F, Keeley); 1898, p. 439 (E. C. Johnson); 1886,
p. 297 (Spalding) ; 1886, p. 301 (J. K. Barney) ; 1887, p. 170 (E. C. John-
son) ; 1889, p. 209 (same); 1891, p. 137 (same) ; 1897, p, 340 (same).

Reformatories for men. — N, C. C, 1899, P- ^^S (G. Tufts).

The warden. — N. P. A., 1887, p. 125 (F. Wayland).

Extirpation of criminals. — N. P, A., 1886, p. 270 (C. D. Warner).

Medical aspects of prison life. — N. P, A., 1898, p. ill (Keene, tuberculosis);

1898, p. 288 (Rankin); 1898, p. 436 (Blake); 1886, p. 77 (Morris);

1889, p. 235 (Wright); 1897, P- "ol^ (Sharp); 1895, P- 284 (Rankin,

water) ; 1894, p. 235 (Ransom, tuberculosis) ; 1897, P- 3^4 (Wey); 1892,

p. 250 (Wey).
Physical trainhig of convicts. — N. P. A., 1888, p. 181 (Wey).

Prison management. — N. P. A., 1887, p. 158 (Hartley) ; 1888, p, 122 (Brock-
way) ; 1889, p. 164 (Hatch); 1890, p. 189 (Brush); 1897, P- 3^4
(Bridges); 1895, P- ^9^ (Chamberlain); 1894, p. 15 (Brinkerhoff) ;
p. 188 (Patten, Scott, Wolfer, etc.),

Disciplina7y punishments. — N. P. A., 1899, p. 71; 1898, p, 267 (Hall);

1886, p. 181 (Patterson); 1892, p. 109 (Wright); p. 159 (Massie);

1887, p. 219 (flogging at Elmira).

Prison architecture. — N. P. A., 1886, p. 43; 1891, p. 144 (Thomas).

Parole and conditional liberation. — N. P. A,, 1898, p, 85 (McClaughry) ;
1886, p. 114 (Wines); 1889, p. 76 (Ohio law); 1890, pp. 38, 71
(McClaughry); 1891, p. 170 (Patterson, New Jersey law); 1897, P- ^^4



Appendix. 389

(Coffin, Ohio law) ; 1895, P- ^3 (Wolfer) ; 1894, p. 364 (Minnesota law) ;
1896, p. 74 (Michigan law).

Prison labor. — N, P. A., 1898, pp. loi, 124; 1886, p. 216; 1888, p. 50; 1891,
p. 31; 1894, p. 59 (Scott); 1899, p. 81 (Wolfer); p. 203 (Mills, New
York); p. 21 1 (C. D. Wright); 1897, P- 347 (Remington) ; 1895, P- 62
(Allen).

Report of Industrial Commission on Prison Labor.

State control of all prisons. — N. P. A., 1898, p. 218 (Spalding).

Police in cities. — N. P. A., 1898, p. 299 (Felton); 1886, p. 198 (McGarigle);
1892, p. 146 (McClaughry) ; 1888, p. 195 (Felton); 1890, p. 125; 1891,
p. 107; 1895, p. 298 (Deitsch); 1894, p. 170 (Crowley).

Federal prisons. — N. P. A., 1886, p. 109; 1887, p. 284; 1889, pp. 70, 257;
1890, p. 143; 1891, p. 117; 1896 (French); 1898, p. 207 (Lemley,
Navy) .

The Elmira system. Wines: Punishment and Reformation, p. 192.

N. P. A. (Cincinnati), Mr. Brockway.

A. Jour. Soc, 1898 (Bates),

N. P. A., 1897, PP- 245-269 (F. H. Wines).

N. C. C, 1885, p. 275 (C. D. Warner) ; 1886, p. 1 13 (Brockway) ; 1882, p. 189;

1878, p. 106 (Brockway).
N. P. A., 1899 (Bates).

The Law of New York for Elmira Reformatory.

" Every sentence to the reformatory of a person hereafter convicted of a
felony or other crime shall be a general sentence to imprisonment in the New
York State Reformatory at Elmira, and the courts of this state imposing such
sentence shall not fix or limit the duration thereof. The term of such imprison-
ment of any person so convicted and sentenced shall be terminated by the
managers of the reformatory, as authorized by this Act, but such imprison-
ment shall not exceed the maximum term provided by law for the crime for
which the prisoner was convicted and sentenced." — Sec. 2, chap. 173, Laws
of 1877.

Chapter V. Preventive Measures.

F. H. Wines : Punishment and Reformation, p. 292.

L. F. Ward : Psychic Factors, p. 306.

Ferri : Sociologia Criminale, ch. iii.

H. Ellis : The Criminal.

Tallack : Penological and Preventive Principles.

Romilly : Speeches, I, 44.



390 Appendix.

Identification and registration. — Forum, May, 1891.

N. P. A., 1891, p. 64 (Nicholson); 1887, pp. 8, 93; 1888, p. 73; 1889-, p. 46

(Felton); 1895, P- 9^ (McClaughry) ; 1898, p. 76 (Wolfer).
The Bertiilon System of Identification, Chicago, 1896.
A. Bertiilon: Identification Anthropometique, Paris, 1893.

PoUce prevention work. — N. C. C, 1885, p. 319 (Baker).

Care for discharged prisoners. — G. Drage : The Unemployed, p. 38.

Randall : Report of St. Petersburg International Prison Congress.

N. P. A., 1898, p. 155 (Ellen C. Johnson); 1898, p. 227 (Hart); 1897, P- 219
(Lytic); 1895, P- 222 (Barrows); 1 894, p. 292 (Barrows); 1897, p. 218
(Bradshaw); p. 246 (Mrs. D'Arcamble) ; 1886, p. 281 (Round); 1890,
p. 247; 1891, p. 160; 1894, p. 250; 1899, p. 184; 1887, p. 285; 1888,
p. 221; 1889, p. 261.

Improvement of police agencies. — N. P. A., 1891, pp. 107, 188.

Deportation. — N. P. A., 1887, p. 270 (C. Nordhoff, suggests Alaska).

Indirect preventive measures. — F. H. Wines : Punishment and Reformation,

ch. xiv.
L. F. Ward : Dynamic Sociology.
Eli??iination. — Boies : Prisoners and Poverty.
C. Fere : La Famille Neuropathique, p. 244.

Education. — Report U. S. Commissioner of Education, 1872.
N. C. C, 1885 (Harris).

Chapter VI. Principles of Method in the Treatment of Juvenile Offenders.

N. C. C, 1875, p. 66 (Mary Carpenter); 1876 (Brace).

N. C. C, 1891, p. 145 (Dudley, Illinois Industrial School for Boys); 1884,

pp. 92, 102, 195.
Edu. Rev., May, 1894 (Seaver, Truants and Incorrigibles).
Kindergarten, preventive agency. — N. C. C, 1882, p. 140 (Mrs. Cooper).

General Works.

A. Fuchs : Die Gefangenen-Schutzthatigkeit und die Verbrechens-Prophylaxie.

Bulletins Commission Penitentiaire Internationale, 1900.

W. D. Morrison : Juvenile Offenders.

Pestalozzi : Leonard and Gertrude.

C. D. Randall : art. on Michigan System, A. Jour. Soc, May, 1896.

N. C. C, 1892, p. 166.

C. L. Brace : Dangerous Classes.



Appendix. 391

E. C. Wines : Prisons and Child-saving Institutions.
Barnard : Reformatory Education.
A. Marro : La Puberta.

A. Marro : art. in A. Jour. Soc, September, 1900.
A. MacDonald: Abnormal Man, p. 19.
A. F. Chamberlain: The Child, 1900 (full bibliography).
Hurd: Rev. Stat. Illinois, 1899, p. 255.
L. Ferriani: Minorenni Delinquenti, 1895.
L. Ferriani: Delinquenti scaltri e fortunati, 1897.
Mitteil. d. Krim. Vereinigung, 5 Bd., 1896.
New York Conference on Child Saving, 1893.

The Industrial and Reformatory Schools of England, C. O. S. Rev., March,
1897.

Reform schools. — N. C. C, 1890, p. 214 (industries).

N. C. C, 1892, p. 166.

Report U. S. Com. Education, 1897-1898, II., 2530.

N. P. A., 1888, p. 86 (Scouller); 1894, p. 338 (Hart, Minnesota system);
1886, p. 152 (Tufts, Massachusetts) ; 1888, p. 282 (English) ; 1890, p. 292
(Charlton); 1897, P- ^9^ (J- F- Scott); 1897, P- 287 (Winston); 1894,
p. 52 (Hale); 1894, p. 300 (Lindley).

Boarding out delinquent children. — N. C. C, 189 1, p. 136 (H. Folks).



Online LibraryCharles Richmond HendersonIntroduction to the study of the dependent, defective, and delinquent classes, and of their social treatment → online text (page 33 of 35)