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Charles Richmond Henderson.

Modern methods of charity; an account of the systems of relief, public and private, in the principal countries having modern methods online

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London, 1875.
Flakky, J. : Charity in Turkey. International Congress of Charities and

Correction, Chicago, 1893.
Bechir, Sfar: L'assistance publique musulmane en Tunesie. Revue d'Assis-

tance, 1897.
Goodolphim, Costa: Assistance publique en Portugal. Exposition univer-

selle de 1900. Lisbonne.
Guide to the Charitable Institutions of Victoria. Melbourne, 1900.
The Charity Review. Quarterly. Charity Organization Society of Melbourne.
Picot, Robert: Resume d'un rapport de M. E. Concha sur la bienfaisance pri-

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Chikadzumi : Contribution a I'etude de l'assistance et de la bienfaisance au

Japan. Paris, 1900.
Communaux, V. : L'assistance publique en Tunesie. 1900.



INDEX



Abstainers, insurance, 304.

Accident insurance, Germany, 71 ; Hol-
land, 348 ; Scandinavia, 362.

Adaptation of methods, 8.

Administration of relief, Austria, 80 ;
Australasia, 307; Belgium, 616; Den-
mark, 366; England, 181; France,
521 ; indoor relief, Germany, 41 ; Ire-
land, 276 ; Quebec, 320 ; Russia, 635 ;
Scandinavia, 353 ; Scotland, 239 ;
U. S., 402.

Admission and discharge, poorhouse,
Scotland, 256.

Adoption of children, England, 209.

After-care, insane, England, 202.

Aged, Jewish, care, 682.

Aged poor-relief, Denmark, 21^-

Agricultural colonies, Holland, 342 ff.

Agricultural banks, India, 301.

Agricultural colonization, Jews, 685.

Alcohol, 463.

Alcoholism, Russia, 641, 653.

Alcohol tenth, Swiss, 158.

Aliens, relief, Italy, 572.

Alliance Israelite Universelle, 671.

Allowance system, England, 175.

Almsgiving, mediaeval, 167.

Almshouse, U. S., 401, 450.

Almshouses. See Poorhouses.

Alsace-Lorraine, 3.

Alt, Dr., 60.

America, relief system, 16.

Amount of relief Scotland, 241. See
Standard of Relief.

"Angel makers," 6.';.

Apparatus, for sick, 153.



Apprenticing children, England, 209.

Arbeiterkolonien, 44.

Assessments of poor tax, Scotland, 244.

Associations of nurses, 52,

Auditing local accounts, England, 182.

Australasia, 302.

Austria-Hungary, "jS.

Baby farming, 63.

Bacteriological examinations, 259.

Banerji, J. N., 299.

Barnardo, children's work, 330.

Barnett, S. A., 234.

Barton, Clara, 458.

Bavaria, 3, 46.

Bavaria, private charity, 24.

Beggars, Belgium, 622; Scotland, 257;

Russia, 639.
Beggar colonies, Holland, 345.
Beggars, society to prevent, 38.
Begging, India, 290 ; Ireland, 279 ;

Italy, 572; Naples, 578; Scotland,

236 ; societies to prevent, Austria, 93,

133-
Belgium, 610.
Benevolent associations, France, 524;

England, 222 ; Swiss, 150.
Berenger, Senator, 550, 553.
Bevilaqua, P. G., 596.
Berlin, conferences, 37.
Bertillon measurements, tramps, 453.
Bibliography, 689.
Bielefeld, colony of mercy, 31, 61.
Biggs, H. M., 459.
Billikopf, J., &7(i.
Birtwell, C. W., 430.



703



704



INDEX



Bismarck, 28.

Blind, Australasia, 312; Austria, 107;
Belgium, 625 ; Canada, 325 ; Copen-
hagen, 373; England, 198; France,
537 ; Germany, 58 ; Italy, 585 ; Rus-
sia, 64s ; Scotland, 262 ; Switzerland,
154; U. S., 464.

Board of Control, Wisconsin, 468.

Boards of directors, U. S., 404.

Boarding children, Australasia, 313;
England, 207 ; Ireland, 283 ; Scotland,
264.

Boarding out, insane, England, 202.

Boarding paupers, 84 ; Austria, 95 ;
Scandinavia, 354; Switzerland, 147;
U. S., 402.

Bodelschwingh, Pastor, 31, 61.

Bohemia, Catholic societies, 92.

Booth, "General," 219.

Booth, Mrs. Maud B., 511.

Boston, endowed charities, 414.

Boys' clubs, U. S., 418, 423.

Boys, training, France, 548.

Brace, C. L., 493.

Brackett, J. R., 447-

Brahmo-Somaj, India, 300.

Braille, Louis, 537.

Bread tickets, England, 195.

Breslau, 37 ; infants, 63.

Budapest, 133.

Buehl, Dr., 40.

Buffalo, C. O. S., 431, 439.

Building society, Denmark, 378.

Building societies, France, 553.

Bureaux de Bienfaisance, 529.

Bureau of Charities, Chicago, 384.

Burial, aid, Swiss, 150.

Burial of paupers, U. S., 402.

California, relief, 389.

Canada, 316.

Canadian Jews, 688.

Cantons, Switzerland, method, 145.

Casimir-Perier, 463.

Casual ward, England, 194.

Catherine II, 632-633.



Catholic benevolent committees. Lower

Austria, 94.
Catholic charity, Germany, 24.
Catholic societies, Bohemia, 92.
Causes of pauperism, Ireland, 272.
Census Bureau, U. S., 474.

Central board, English 178; Ireland,
276 ; Scotland, 239, 242, 244 ; State,
U. S., 408 ff.

Central inspection, Belgium, 619.

Centralizing tendency, England, 178.

Central organizations of charity, Ger-
many, 39.

Central State control, U. S., 403.

Ceremonies, cost, Italy, 576.

Chalmers, Thomas, 237, 247.

Chaplain, workhouse, England, 191.

Charities Collection Central Agency,
Scotland, 254.

Charities Endorsement Committee, 444.

Charity, India, 290.

Charity Organization Society, 431 ;
Australasia, 309 ; Canada, 321 ; Eng-
land, 225 ; Scotland, 249 ; U. S., 439.

Charity, principles of Jewish, 657.

Charitas-Verband fiir das katholische
Deutschland, 25.

Charlemagne, 513.

Charteris, A. H., 248.

Chicago, anti-tuberculosis movement,
461.

Chicago Commons, 424.

Child labor, Germany, 64.

Child labor laws, U. S., 505.

Child saving, Italy, 598.

Children, care and relief, Australasia,
312; Belgium, 627 ; Canada, 328.

Children's courts, Australasia, 314;
Canada, 330. See Juvenile Courts.

Children, dependent, Denmark, 374;
Austria, 112; Germany, 61; France,
540; Holland, 346; Hungary, 133;
India, 299; Ireland, 283; Italy, 588;
Jewish institutions, 683 ; Jews, 667.

Children, morally imperilled, 67.

Children's hospitals, Austria, 122,



INDEX



70s



Children, neglected, Switzerland, 157;

U. S., 398.
Children, protected by women, 416.
Children, Russia, 648 ; Scandinavia,

360 ; Scotland, 264 ; Switzerland,

142 ; U. S., 474.
Children, workhouse, England, 193, 205.
Christmas dinners, Salvation Army,

U. S., 433.

Chronic invalid consumptives, 57.

Churches and C. O. S., 443.

Churches, Canada, 317.

Church charity, England, 166, 169;
mediaeval, France, 513; Germany, i,
24; Italy, 559.

Churches, Holland, 332.

Church relief, Austria, 90.

Church, Scotland, 237, 247.

Church relief, mediaeval, Switzerland,
138.

Church, women of, U. S., 419.

City charity, U. S., 402.

Civic League, U. S., 420.

Claimants to relief, France, 520.

Classification, almshouse, England, 191.

Classification of paupers, U. S., 396.

Classification, poorhouse, Scotland, 257.

Classes in settlements, 426.

Clergy, on charity boards, Italy, 573.

Clothing of paupers, 42.

Clothing scheme, poor children's, Scot-
land, 253.

Clubs, boys, 491.

Clubs, youth, U. S., 499.

Coffee houses, 429.

Collecting savings banks, England, 231.

Collecting savings bank, Scotland, 254.

Colonies, Dutch, 342 ff.

Colonies, Salvation Army, U. S., 437.

Colonization of poor, France, 532.

Commission of 1895 on poor law, Bel-
gium, 613.

Commissioners, Poor Law, 177.

Commitment of insane, England, 202.

Communism, influence on patjperism,
139-



Communal relief, Swiss, 149.

Compulsory assessment, Scotland, 237.

Compulsory insurance, 507.

Compulsory insurance, Austria, 126.

Conferences, England, 235.

Conferences, France, 529.

Conferences, national, German, 39.

Conferences of charity, U. S., 445.

Congregazione di Carita, 565, 578.

Connecticut, relief, 387.

Consumptives, Australasia, 311.

Consumption, see Tuberculosis.

Consumptives, U. S., 398.

Convalescents, 54.

Convalescent consumptives, 56.

Convalescents, France, 535.

Cooperation, public and private charity,
32-

Cooperation in charity, Australasia,
309; Austria, 92; Belgium, 621;
Canada, 321 ; Denmark, 371 ; Eng-
land, 225 ; France, 528 ; Ireland, 286 ;
Italy, 577 ; Jewish charity, 679 ; Rus-
sia, 637; U. S., 439; Scotland, 249;
Swiss, 151.

Cooperative kitchens, 132.

Coordination, see Cooperation.

Copenhagen, relief, 370.

Correction, houses, Scotland, 237.

Correctional schools, Hungary, 136.

Cost of relief, U.S., 385. See Statistics.

Cottolengo, 597.

Council of Trent, 557.

Country outings, France, 545 ; Ger-
many, 65.

Country week. See Vacation Out-
ings.

Country week, 487.

County care of insane, 468.

County commissioners, U. S., 404.

County relief, U. S., 403.

County system, U. S., 391.

Craig Colony for Epileptics, 472

Creche, Austria, 118.

Creches, see Day Nurseries.

Creches, France, 542 ; Russia, 649.



45



7o6



INDEX



Crime, cost, U. S., 390.

Cripples, England, 204 ; Germany, 59 ;

Russia, 648 ; U. S., 486.
Cruelty, of law, 236.
Cruelty to animals, 508.
Cruelty to children, Scotland, 26^.
Cruelty, prevention, Italy, 598.
Crusades, 513.
Curzon, Lord, 291.

Dalldorf, insane colony, 60.

Dancing girls, India, 300.

Dartmouth College, decision, 415.

Day industrial schools, England, 213.

Day nurseries, see Creches.

Day nurseries, Jewish, 684.

Day nurseries, U. S., 482.

Deaconesses, 28 ; Austria, 91 ; France,
527 ; Germany, 52 ; Scotland, 247 ;
U. S., 419, 431-

Deaf, Australasia, 312; Austria, no;
Belgium, 625 ; Canada, 325 ; Den-
mark 374; England, 199; France,
538; Germany, 58; Italy, 580; Rus-
sia, 646 ; Scandinavia, 359 ; Scotland,
262; Switzerland, 155; U. S., 464.

Debts, India, 293.

Defectives, Australasia, 312; Austria,
106 ; Belgium, 625 ; Canada, 325 ;
Denmark, 373; England, 198;
France, 536 ; Germany, 58 ; immi-
grants, U. S., 396 ; India, 299 ; Ire-
land, 282 ; Italy, 585 ; Jewish care,
666, 682 ; Russia, 645 ; Scandinavia,
359 ; children in schools, 464 ; Scot-
land, 262; Switzerland, 154; U. S.,
464.

Degenerates, U. S., 396.

Delinquent children, 475.

Denmark, 363.

Desertion of family, U. S., 393.

Desertion of wives, Scotland, 241.

Diet for sick, 57.

Dietaries, German, 42.

Directory of charities, Zurich, 151.



Directories of charity, France, 530,

Discharge, poorhouse, Scotland, 256.

Discharged prisoners, Russia, 652, 653;
U. S., 509-

Discipline, workhouse, England, 193.

Discipline, in poorhouses, 42.

Discipline of reformatories, 504.

Discipline, poorhouse, Scotland, 257.

Disinfection, 51.

Dispensaries, Austria, 102; England,
198; France, 534; U. S. 456.

District of Columbia, U. S., 392.

Domestic science, 427.

Domicilio di soccorso, 571.

Domicile, see Settlement Law.

Dorothy Dix Hall, Boston, 491.

Dowries, for poor girls, Jews, 670.

Drage, G., 376.

Dramatic clubs, 426.

Drehlade, Austria, 113.

Dresden, 39.

Drink evil, see Alcoholism.

Drunkards, see Inebriates.

Drunkenness, Germany, 41, 58.

Dwellings, for poor, Belgium, 627 ;
Denmark, 378 ; England, 232 ;
France, 553 ; Ireland, 286 ; Italy, 609 ;
Russia, 653 ; Scandinavia, 361 ; Scot-
land, 269 ; U. S., 383. See Housing.

Ecclesiastical charity, 24 ; Australasia,
303; England, 216; France, 526;
Russia, 637 ; Scotland, 247 ; U. S.,
430.

Economists attack poor laws, 176.

Educational guardianship, 65.

Educational institutions, teaching char-
ity methods, 445.

Education, Ireland, 285.

Education of the public, 414.

Einlage system, 84.

Elberfeld system, s, 40.

Elberfeld system in Austria, 87.

Elberfeld system in Russia, 637.

Ellwood, C. A., 448, 450.

Emergency relief for unemployed, 47.



INDEX



707



Emergency relief, England, 186.
Emigration to Canada, 330.
Emigration of orphans, England, 209.
Emigration, aided, Ireland, 279.
Employment bureau, 45; Austria, 129;

France, 551; Russia, 652; Salvation
Army, U. S., 435.

Employment, workhouse, England, 192.
Emergency help, unemployed, Scotland,

258 ; U. S., 506.
Employers' liability, England, 229.
Empress Marie, Russia, 633.
Endowed charities, 23 ; Austria, 88 ;

England, 214; Scotland, 244; U. S.,

414.
Endowed schools, Scotland, 266.
England, Jewish charity in, 660, 663.
English relief, 165.
Epee, Abbe de 1', no.
Epidemics, 124.
Epileptics, Canada, 328 ; England, 200 ;

Russia, 646; U. S., 398, 450, 470, 471.
Episcopal Church, Scotland, 248.
Expositions, 530.
Expositions, charity at, 447.

Factory laws, Austria, 129 ; France,
55:; Hungary, 137; Italy, 608; Rus-
sia, 651 ; Swiss, 164.

Factory industry, U. S., 384.

Family care of insane, 60 ; Belgium,
626 ; France, 522 ; Massachusetts,
468.

Family care, children, Germany, 62.

Family care, Jewish children, 683.

Famine, India, 290.

Farm colonies, Australasia, 310.

Farm colonies, Salvation Army, 436.

Farm colonies, England, Salvation
Army, 220.

Federation of children's societies, 493.

Federated clubs, women, U. S., 416.

Federations, day nurseries, 483.

Feeble minded, Canada, 328 ; England,
199 ; Russia, 646 ; Scandinavia, 359 ;
Scotland, 262; Switzerland, 135:
U. S., 470.



Feudal charity, 166.

Ferreri, G., 465.

Finances, private charity, 413.

First aid to sick and injured, Austria,

102 ; Italy, 585.
First aid to sick and injured, 50.
Fliedner, T., 28, 247, 431.
Folks, Homer, 460, 492.
Form of relief, England, 189.
Foundlings, 481; Austria, 113; France,

540; Germany, 62; Hungary, 135;

Ireland, 283; Italy, 588; Russia, 648.
France, 512.

France, Jewish charity, 661, 662.
Frankel, Dr. L. K., 413, 676, 683.
Frankfort, household care, 53.
Friendly societies, Australasia, 303.
Friendly societies, England, 223.
Friendly visiting, England, 227.
Froebel, Friedrich, 119.
Froebel, Hungary, 136.
Funds for relief, France, 522.
Funds for early English relief, 171, 183.
Funds, Italian, 563.
Funds, method of raising, 23.
Funds, Scandinavia, 354.
Fiirsorgeerziehungsgesetz, 65.

Gairdner, W. T., 261.

Gerenyi, Austria, 96.

Germany, Jewish charity, 661, 662.

Germany, system of relief, i.

Gifts to charity, U. S., 413.

Gilbert's act, England, 174.

Girard College, 415.

Girls, schools for, German, 30.

Girls, training, France, 548.

Glasgow, 262, 268.

Government control of charity, Italy, 559.

Government relief, India, 295.

Grants of government, Scotland, 260.

See Subsidies.
Guardians, board, England, 183, 187.
Guardianship, children, England, 210.
Guardian schools, Hungary, 135.
Guilds, English, 167.
Gurteen, S. A., 439.



7o8



INDEX



Hagar, G. J., 413.

Hamburg system, 9.

Hauy, Valentine, 537.

Health, care for, U. S., 422.

Health Protective Agency, U. S., 420.

Health of school children, 485.

Hebrew charity, see Jewish.

Heinicke, S., 59.

Henley, J. J., 265.

Herberge zur Heimat, 30, 44.

Herrmann-Haus, 57.

Hill, Octavia, 131, 233.

Hirsch, Baron de, 671.

History of charity, Italy, 556.

Holland, 332.

Home libraries, 430, 492.

Homeless lads, 490.

Homeless persons, Australasia, 310.

Home colonies, Holland, 342.

Homeless men, Italy, 581.

Homeless people, Russia, 642.

Homeless men, shelter, Scotland, 252,

257.

Homeless dependents, Swiss, 152.

Honor offices, Germany, 7, 41.

Hospices, 30.

Hospitals, sec Medical Relief.

Hospitals, Austria, 103, 122; Canada,
324 ; France, 530, 634 ; Germany, 49 ;
Italy, 582 ; Jewish, 666 ; deficits, New
York, 455; Paris in 1786, 515; Rus-
sia, 638, 643 ; U. S., 454.

Household arts, schools, 63.

IIot:Gchold care (HauspHegc), 53.

House of Industry, Toronto, 222.

Housing, see Dwellings.

Housing of the peer, Austria, 131.

Howe, S. G., 471.

Hull House, 424.

Hungary, 133.

Hunter, Sir W., 292.

Idiots and imbeciles, see Feeble

Minded.
Illegitimate children, 481, 482.
Illegitimate children, Italy, 601.



Imperial grants to parishes, Scotland,
244.

Immigration, U. S., 394.

Impotent poor, 168.

India, 287.

Indiana, care of children, 479.

Indiana, county hospitals, 457.

Indiscriminate alms, evils, 36.

Individualization, 16.

Indoor relief, Australasia, 309 ; Austria,
94; Canada, 321 ; Denmark, 365, 376;
England, 190 ; France, 530 ; Germany,
39; Hungary, 134; Ireland, 278;
Italy, 578; Quebec, 322; Russia, 638;
Scandinavia, 35s; Scotland, 255;
U. S., 400, 447.

Industrial schools, Belgium, 627 ; Eng-
land, 211; Ireland, 284; Jewish, 667,
684; Russia, 651 ; Scotland, 267, 499,
501.

Inebriates, 58 ; England, 203 ; Scotland,

261 ; Swiss, 154; U. S., 398, 473-
Infants, Germany, 62-63.
Infants, care of, France, 541.
Infirmaries, England, 196.

Inner Mission, German, 26.

Information to givers, 38.

Insane, Australasia, 312; Austria, iii;
Gheel and Lierneux, Belgium, 626 ;
Canada, 325 ; England, 201 ; France,
518, 538; Germany, 60; India, 299;
Ireland, 282 ; Italy, 587 ; Russia, 646,
647 ; Scandinavia, 359 ; Scotland,

262 ; U. S., 397, 465 ; paupers, U. S.,
450.

Inspection, English, 181.

Inspectors of poor, Scotland, 243.

Inspectors, Swiss, 146, 148.

Institutions of Belgium, 613 ; for chil-
dren, France, 542 ; Jewish charity,
662 ; for children, U. S., 478.

Insurance, see Workingmen's Insur-
ance.

Insurance of workingmen, Belgium,
628; France, 551; Germany, 18, 69,
73 ; Holland, 347 ; Italy, 606 ff.



INDEX



709



Insurance, Austria, 126.

Insurance, life, 304.

Insurance and poor relief. Saxony, 126.

Insurance, workingmen, Scandinavia,

361.
Insurance, accident and sickness,

Swiss, 159.
Insurance of unemployed, needed, 259.
Insurance of workingmen, U. S., 507.
Invalid insurance, 56.
Invalidism, insurance, Germany, 71.
Investigation, 15.

Investigation, neglected, England, 187.
Ireland, 2"] 2.
Italy, 556.

Italian poor law of 1890, 562.
Italy, poverty of people, 561.
Italian regulations of charity, 563.

Jane Club, Hull House, 425.
Janssen, Mr., Holland, 346.
Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid

Society, 685.
Jewish care of deaf, Austria, iii.
Jewish charities, 32, 90, 91.
Jewish charities, England, 221.
Jewish charities, U. S., 432.
Jewish Colonization Association, 671.
Jewish nurses, 52.
Jewish Orphans' Home, 478.
Jews, American, 676.
Jews, European, 656.
Juvenile Court, 417, 212; U. S., 442,

475. See Children's Courts.
Juvenile female offenders, 505.

Kaiserswerth, 431.
Kelso, J. J., 317, 320, 328.
Kindergartens, Austria, 121 ; clubs,
425 ; Hungary, 136 ; Italy, 601 ; U. S.,

483.
Klein, teacher of blind, 107, 109.
Knightly orders, Austria, 89.
Knopf, S. A., 460, 463.

Labor, in poorhouses, Germany, 42.



Labour Bureau, Glasgow, 270.

Labor statutes, 167.

Labour Yard, Scotland, 252.

Labor Museum, 429.

Lamond, 258, 268.

Landlords' Association, Glasgow, 271.

Land purchase, Ireland, 285.

Latin countries, 512 ff.

Law, Italy, of 1862, 560.

Law, see Poor Law.

Legal advice, Germany, 69.

Legal aid, settlements, 428.

Legal protection, U. S., 496.

Lepers, India, 298.

Leppington, C. H. D'E., 377.

Levering, F. H., 296.

Liability, Denmark, 364.

Liability of relations, Ireland, 275.

Liability of parish, Scotland, 242.

Libraries, 429.

Libraries, traveling, U. S., 418.

Liquor traffic, Switzerland, 158.

Little Sisters of the Poor, 527,

Loans to poor, 20.

Local administration, England, 180.

Local authorities, England, 182.

Local Government Board, Scotland,

239, 242.
Loaning Charities, Jewish, 680.
Loch, C. S., 225, 226.
Lodging houses, 44 ; Austria, 80 ;

France, 531 ; Glasgow, 270 ; Italy,

581; municipal, 47; U. S., 451;

Vienna, 99; for women, U. S., 417.
Lunacy Commissioners, England, 202 ;

Scotland, 262.

MacLean, F. H., 318, 321, 322.

Malaria, Italy, 585.

Malthus, on poor laws, 176.

Manual training, 427.

Marbeau, Firmin, 118, 543.

Marsh, B. C, 452.

Massachusetts, dipsomaniacs, 474 ; epi-
leptics, 472 ; insane, 467 ; relief, 385 ;
vagrancy, 453.

Matlekovitz, A. von, 134.



710



INDEX



Maternity hospitals, Austria, 114;
Vienna, 104.

Material relief, 441.

McNeill, Sir John, 264.

Measure of relief, Swiss, 146.

Mediaeval charity, 76; England, 165;
France, 512; Holland, 332; Norway
and Sweden, 350 ; Russia, 632 ; Scot-
land, 23s, 259.

Mediaeval relief, Switzerland, 138.

Medical relief, Australasia, 311; Aus-
tria, loi ; Canada, 323; Denmark,
368, 373 ; workhouse, England, 192,
196; France, 532; Germany, i, 48;
Hungary, 134; India, 297; Ireland,
276, 280 ; Italy, 582 ; Jewish, 665 ;
Russia, 638, 643 ; Scandinavia, 358 ;
Swiss, 153 ; U. S., 454-

Medical examination of school chil-
dren, 64.

Medical science promoted, 124.

Medicines and appliances, 51.

Mendicancy, society to prevent, 47.

Mendicancy, Russia, 632.

Men's clubs, U. S., 426.

Methodist deaconesses, 247.

Methods of relief, Belgium, 620, 625.

Methods, to be adapted to needs, 8.

Michigan, care of children, 399, 479,
480.

Michigan, relief, 388.

Migration prevented, 173.

Migration of paupers, Canada, 317.

Migration of Jews, 664.

Migration of dependents, U. S., 394,
452.

Minnesota, care of cripples, 486.

Missionaries, India, 296.

Missouri almshouses, 448.

Monasteries, 166.

Monti di Pieta, 602.

Morally imperilled children, 488 ; Eng-
land, 210 ; France, 546.

Mortality from consumption, 463.

Municipal lodging house, U. S., 452.

Miinsterberg, E., 10, 32, 39, 138.



Mutual benefit associations, Canada,

331-
Mutual benefit societies, Italy, 605.
Murdoch, D. J., 292.
Music clubs, 426.

Nagarker, B. B., 300.
National Children's Home Society, 495.
National conference, German, 47.
National society of charity, German, 10,

39-

National Conference of Jewish Chari-
ties, 681.

National farm school, Jewish, 685.

National Conference of Charities and
Correction, U. S., 446.

Naturalverpflegungsstationen, 46, 182;
Naturalverpflegungsstationen, Aus-
tria, 99 ; Swiss, 163.

Needlework Guild of America, 420.

Neglected children, 489.

Negroes, poor, U. S., 406.

Nervous diseases, chronic, 57.

Newsboys, 490.

New York, care of children, 399.

New York Children's Aid Society, 493.

New York dispensaries law, 457.

New York, epileptics, 472.

New York, relief, 387.

Nicholls, 274.

Non-resident paupers, U. S., 395.

Norway, 350.

Nurses, trained in infirmaries, England,
197.

Nurses, training, France, 536.

Nurses, Germany, 51.

Nurses, schools, Holland, 347.

Nurses, India, 298.

Nursing, Ireland, 280.

Nurses, Quebec, 325.

Nursing sick, poorhouse, Scotlsnd, 257.

Nurses, school, Zurich, 150.

Oberlin, Pastor Friedrich, 119.
Oeuvre de Bienfaisance, 525.
Officials of relief, U. S., 404.
Ohio, care of children, 479.



INDEX



711



Ohio, relief, 388.

Old age pensions, Denmark, 376.

Old age insurance, Germany, 71.

Old age pensions, New Zealand, 305.

Old women's home, Russia, 643.

Orders of Sisters, Catholic, 25.

Orphans, Austria, 112; Germany, 62;
Hungary, 13s; Italy, 599; Russia,
649 ; Vienna, 85.

Outdoor relief, Australasia, 314; Den-
mark, 365; England, 178, 179, 180;
Ireland, 2вЦ†]^ ; Italy, 571 ; Quebec,
318; Ontario, 318; U. S., 400.

Outdoor medical relief, 49.

Overbergh, Cyr Van, 613.

Over-population, India, 292.

Overseers of poor, Vienna, 86.

Ozanam, F., 24.

Parental responsibility, 476.

Parental schools, U. S., 497.

Parish, Holland, 337.

Parish councils, Scotland, 243.

Parochial organization, 31.

Paroled boys, 491.

Passavant, Rev. W. A., 431.

Pauper schools, England, 179.

Pauperism, English, 176.

Pawning agencies, Italy, 602.

Pawnbrokers, Scotland, 271.

Pawnbroking, U. S., 508.

Peasants' banks, Russia, 652.

Pellagra, Italy, 585.

Penal code, Germany, 45.

Pennsylvania, relief, 388.

Penny provident banks, 428.

Pensions, 508; Austria, 128; Holland,
348 ; New Zealand, 305 ; old age,
Germany, 71-72; workingmen, Italy,
607.

Pension scheme, Scotland, 253.

People's kitchens, 57.

Permanent relief, England, 186.

Personal causes of poverty, 385.

Personal influence, 442.

Peter the Great, 632.

Pharrarmen-institute, "JT.



Philadelphia, endowed charities, 414.

Phipps, Henry, 459.

Physicians of poor, Austria, loi.

Physicians, Hungary, 134.

Physicians of poor, U. S., 454.

Physicians for the poor, 50.

Picture loan work, 429.

Placing out children, 481.

Playgrounds, city, 488.

Playgrounds, France^ 546.

Poorhouse, 16, 17. 40; Austria, 95;
needed in Canada, 321 ; Denmark,
372 ; Ireland, 279 ; needed, Quebec,
2,22 ; children in, Scotland, 264 ; Scot-
land, 255 ; Swiss, 147 ; removing chil-
dren, 492.

Poor laws, Australasia, 304 ; Austria,
T] ; Belgium, 611: none in Canada,
317; Denmark, 363 ff ; of 1834, Eng-
land, 177; of Elizabeth, 170; France,
520 ; German, 3 ; Holland, 334 ; Hun-
gary, 133 ; none in India, 295 ; Ire-
land, 274 ; Russia, 633 ; Scandinavia,
351 ; Swiss, 143 ; U. S., 390.

Poor law conferences, 235.

Poor rate, England, 183.

Popular action, Italy, 570.

Porto Rico, poor relief, 407.

Posen, 22, 39.

Postal savings, England, 231.

Postal savings banks, India, 301.

Poverty, India, 290.

Poverty of Jews, 656.

Poverty, in Russia, 632.

Prevention, Australasia, 314; Austria,



Online LibraryCharles Richmond HendersonModern methods of charity; an account of the systems of relief, public and private, in the principal countries having modern methods → online text (page 72 of 73)