Charles Rollin.

The ancient history of the Egyptians, Carthaginians, Assyrians ..., Volume 8 online

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is the first.

Cadmus builds the city of Thebes,
and makes it the seat oi'his govern-
ment.



Lfcoigus*

Homer. Hesiod lived about the
came time.

Caranus founds the kingdom of
Macedonia.

Beginning of the eonmion asra of
Ithe Oiympiads.



I return to the ekrmulogy of the JtsoyrtanSt which I dieeontinued, bo-
emuefnm Jfinfas d»mn to thie time, nothing ie known of their hietory.



Assyrians.



PhuL This Is the king of Nineveh, who repented upon Jonah'6
preaching.

Sardanapalus, the last king of the first empire of the Assyriqna. Aftei
a reign of twen^ years, he bums himself in his palace.

The fiist empire of the Assyrians, which ended at the death of S&r^
danapalus, had subaisted more than 1450 years. Out of its ruins three
others were fbrmed; that of tlie Assyrians of Babylon ; that of the As-
syrians of Nineveh, and that oftheMedes.



EoYPT. I Gaaaca. 1 Ba.syi.oii. | Ninkveh. | Mkpia. | Lypia.



Piisti
between
theMesw



Beleaia,
orNabo-



waiThe



It continue
90yeara.




Tiglatb
Pileser. In
the eighth
year of '
reign be
aiib Ahaz^
king of Ju-
dah, and
makea



hia reign i



of

Syria, and



ArbacAs
exercises
the

au-
thority
over the
Medes,
without
king upon
hhn the ti-
de of king.



The He-
raclids
poesessed
the king-
dom of
Lydia 505
years. Ar^
gon was
the first



ta-dom



vGoogk



IH



CHIOMOLOGICAL TABLB.



rnn


prF




Gaxacc 1 Babylon.


NlNEVKH.


Mkdia.


LrtnjL.






j Merodach


of part of




king. He


3968


738




ihe king
d<iai of Ju-




began ta






Baladao.




reign in the










He sent am-


dah.




vearoftiie










baasadonto






wortd 2781.


3960


735






Hexekiah,


Salama-




The history


3290


794




ArehUo-


to congratu-
late him


nasar. In




of Ins suc-


39RS


719


SeUmn.


chua,tbe


the eighth




cessors is






He raigDed


Amoiu


upon the re-


year of tug




little knoff-n






UyeSr^


poet.


covery of
his health.
Nothing is
known of
the other


reign he
took Sama-
ria, and
carried
away the




before Caa-
daules.
Caodaules
[A. C. rd5 J


ass


718






kingiwho


people into




Gyges.


3897


717






reigned in
Babyk>n.


captivity.
Senna-
cherib. In
the fifth
year of his
reign he
makes war
againdt Ue-
zekiah,
king 0^ Ju-




He puts
Candaules
todeatli,
and reigns
in his steal!.


























dah.
















An angel
destroys hia
















army at the
















time he is
















besieging
















Jerusalem.
















On his re-
















turn to his
















he w wiled
















by his own
children.






am


710








Asarhad-






3»6


708








don.


Dejoees




3398


706


Tharan
reigns 18
yeara.

Anarchy
two yean
in Egypt.








causes him-
self to be
declared
king of the




3319


685


Twelve of












3320
3323


684
681


Uie princi-
pai lords of


Swond




Asarhad-






3324


680


Egypt seize


tweentbe




don unites




Death of






thekiBff-
dr»m, of


Lacedasmo-




the empire




Gyges.






niansand




of Babylon




Ardys bi-






which each


Mease-




with that of




son suc-






governs a


nians: 14




Nineveh.




ceeds him.


3337


(m


part with
eqaal aur
thorlty.


yean.




Asarhad-
don carries
there-




In his reign
of 49 years,
theCunme-


3334


670


Psammi-
ticus, one of
the 12 kings,
defeats the
other 11,
and re-
mains sole






mains of
the king-
dom of ts-
<aei into
Assyria
I'he same
year he




riaiia made
theiuselves
masters of
Sardiiu




master of






puts Ma-







vGoogk



cmamohomfiAL tjmm.



i9r.



^1


|S.C


\ ErfTT?.


Grbscs.


Babylom.


Ninbvbh.


Mbma.








^sypt. Ho
CiEbb Azow
tnsaftek-a






nassehin
chains, and
carries him






3335


<m


siege of 89
yean.






to Babylon.






Babylon & Ninxvkb.




3a47


657






chodonosorL The 19th
year of his reign he de-
feats Phraortes, icing of
the Medes, and takes
Epbatana. b was after
this ezpeditioa that he

Death of Nabuchodo-


Death «f
Dejooes.
Phraortes
succeeds
him.




3356


648


^








3364


640




l'yrtus,a


nosor. Saracus, called






3369


635




e^iedin


also Chynaladanus, sue-


Phraortes




3373


631




perishes at


Sadyattes


3378


696




celebrating


Nabopoliusai*s revolt


the siege of
Nineveh,


Reforms








miUtaiy


against Saracus. He


the siege of








virtue.




with part of


MUetusin








ThalBBof


BtfiyloB.


his army.


Uieieth








Miletus.




Cyaxares
hii son suc-


year of his








fouAderof




reign.








the Ionic




ceeds him.










sect


-


The second
year of his
reign he
beats the

and amides
Nineveh,

which^is
obliged to
abandon by
a sudden
irruption of
the Scy-
thians into
his do-
minions.




3380


624




Draco, le-


Destruction of Nine-


Cyaxares




3385


619




ssr"


veh. From thenceforth


Joins his


Alyattes.


3388


616


Nectaao.


Babylon was the capital


forces with


He con-






In the 7th




of the Assyrian empire.


ihoecofNa-


tinues the
siege of Mi-
letus, which


3397


607


yearofliis
reign he de-
feats the




Babylon.


takes Nine-


Nabopotaasar asBociates


veh, and


had been






icing of As-




hissonNabuchodonosor


puts Sara-


carried on






syria, and




in the empire, and sends


cus its king


six years by






seizes part




him at the head of an


to death.


his fbther,






of his do-
minions.




army to reconqaer the




and puts an
end to it six






He reigned
16 years.




byNechao.




years after,
)y conclod-


3899


606






Jerusalem takes by

transports a great num-
ber of Jews to Babylon,
and ambngst them the
pmphet Daniel.




sieged. In
tiiesame
prince*s
reign there
was a war



vGoogk






U8



QUOllOLOCaCAL TABtfi.



aHI


TT


BttTPT.


GasBOB.


Babyloh.


BUOKA.


Ltsha.










ftom his carrying away




between










the Jews to Babylon.
Death of Nabopolaa-




tbeMedee


S3B0


005








andLydi-


3400


604




SokA.
The seven
sages of


sar. His son Nabucbo-
donosor IL succeeds Um
in all his dominions.




aus, which
uatedbythe


3403


m




Qntc^






marriage of


3404


60O


dxyouB.


Uved about
this time.
Atesas,
ftom whom


dream interpreted liy
Uaaid.


daughter in


Cyaxares
with Ary&
oJBthe
daughter of








the Alcaic




Alyaues








venes take




marriage to










their name.














Bappho,




king of










at the same




Penia.




3405


SBO




time.




Birth of
Cyrus.




3400


505






ravaged Judea, block-
ade Jerusalem, and put


Death of




34J0


504


A|iriei.H«




Cyazares.








makes him-






Aslyagee








Mif mailer




About the end of the


his son suc-








of8kloa.in






ceeds him.








ti»e}«yw




noaor repaifB in person


He reigns 35








of hb reign.




10 Jerusalem, makes


yeara.




Sill


593


Zedekiab,
king of Ju-
an alliance
witlitbe




tautead of Jehoiachin,
wlwm he carries into
captivity.






3416


SB8


king of
Egypt, coQ-




siroys Jerusalem, and
carries away Zedekiah


CymgoeB
for the fim








tranrto Uie
advice of




thneinto










captive to Babyton. At


Media, to








Jcn^Sl




his return into his do-


see his










minions, he causes the


graitdlkther




3430


574


Unforta-
nate expe-
dition of




three young Hebrews to
be thrown into the flir^
naoe.


Astyages.
Heremaim
three yean
with bom.








Andes Into
libya.


.










Akaais














revolts














against










3433


5n


sabjectt
Egjyt,and
confirais
Amasisin




Nabuchodononor

Tyre, after a siege of JL3
years. He did not march






3434


m


the thzone.




Nabuchodoncaor^s se-
cond dream interpreted
liy Daniel.






3435


500


Apries
dies in the




Nabuchodonosor re-
duced to the condition






3440


564


35tbyearof
his reign.
Amuis
reigns after
bimin


Thespis
reforms

^Sagoras
Uved about


of beasts during seven
yean; after which he

fivIl-Merodach his son
succeeds him. He reigns






3449


503


peace.


this time.


(Hily 3 years.
Neriglissor. He makes




OieBBOs.


3444


500




Slmonidee,


Death of


AsopttTHi




m^




the celebrat-
ed poet.


great preparations for


Astyages
CyasKiee


in his reign,
and waain



vGoogk



CHBONOIiOGIGAL TABLS.



159



A.H,


rr


EOTFT.


Gh»cs.


Babylon.




LVDIA.










and calls hi Cnasus to


succeeds


his court at










his aid.


him,known
in Scripture
under the
name of
Darius the
Mede.


the same
time with
Solon.


3445





^


Piiistn-
tus makes
himself
master of
Athena.





Cyrua re-
tumainto
Media for
theaecond
thne, in or.
dertoaaaiak
hia nncle in
the war
with the
Babyloni-




3447


557








ans.— Ex-
pedition of
Cyrus

against the
kfng of Ar-
menia.




3448 5S6






LabonMoarchod. He


Cyaxares


CroBSUS








reigns only dMmths.


and Cyrus


flies before












defeat the


Cyrus.












Babyloni-
ans in a


























great batUe,
fn which














NerigliflBor
is slain.




3449
3456


5S5

548






Labynit, caUed in


About thb
time the


BatUe of


3460


544




Hlpponax,
author of
the verse




marriage of
Cyrus with
the daugh-
terofhis


Thymbra
between
CrcBSttS and








Scazon.




Cyrus, fol-








Heraclitus,




uncle Cy-


lowed by








chief of the




axares may


tlie taking
ofSardisby








sect which




be dated.








bean his






the latter.








name.






End of the


3464


546




Buth of






kingdom of
Lydia.


3466


538




iEschyluB.


LabynitlskiHedattlie


Cyrus








Ctesiphon,


takingofBabylon. The


makes him-










or Chersi-


death of that prince puts
an end to the Babylonian


self master










phron, a


ofBabyJon










celebrated


empire, which is united
with that of the Medea.












architect,






3468


536




pecially for
building the
temple of
Diana of
Ephesua.


'


Death of
Cyaxares.




PSKSIAN EmFIRB.


JS/ter the death of Oyaxaret and Cambysea, f>








rK«, who suocMded both in their dominions^










united the empire of the Medet with those of the










Babyloniane and Persians; and of the three










formed a fourth^ under the name of the Empire


3468


536






of the Persians, which sulsisted 206 years.


Empirb or THE Persians.


Cyrus. The flrst year of his reign be perroits








tb»» Jews TO ff'turn into Jiidea.



vGoogk



IM



GBBOMOLOQICAL TABLE.



rvrs.



3470
347S



3478
3470



3480
3481



3483



3483
34B5



3400
3496



534



aw

5^



SM



sa

519



516
514



508



3501
3502



3S04
3507



3510



3513

3514
3515
3519
3900



503

503



500
497



494



491



489
485
484
480



He

rrtgiM only
Omontlii.

After tbe
dflftthuf
thai prinee,
Egypt Is an-
nexed lo the
Peniian do*
minions,
and eon-
UnnesiotlD
tbe reign of
Alexander
the Great,
which in-
eludesthe
space of B06
yeaia.



bSyftT



Death

Isistrati
Hippias hii



of and



Daniel's yision oonceming the KuccesBtoa of Uk
kings of Peraia.

Cyrus dies on a journey which he makes inut
Penia, after having reigned seven years aloae,
and imrty ftom his setting out fromPersia at tfae
head of an army to aid Cyaxares.

Cambyses liis son succeeds him. Ttie fourth
year aC Jiis reign he attacks Egypt, and r^nitee
it to the empire of the Persians.

Unsuccesifui expedition of Caml^yaeS
the £tliioi»aas.

Cambyses puts Heroe, wbo was both liis
and wife, to death.

It was about this time that Qretas, one of the
SatrapB of Cambyses, made himseif master of the
island of Samoe, and caused Polycrates, the ty-



MUtiadee

tosettle

theCher-



rBSI
th



ThePisi-
stratids
obliged to
abandon
Attica.



PaasiAJi EscpiKK.



rant of it, to be put to

Death of Cambyses. Smerdis the Magian, who
had mounted the throne before the death of Cam
byaes, succeeds him. He reigns only seveu
months.

Dariusf son of Hystaspea.

Edict of Darius in favour of the Jews, whereio
that of Cyrus is confirmed. It is believed, thai
what Is related in the history of Esther happened

me time after tbe publication of this edict

Babyton revolts against Darius, and is taken
after a siete of twenty months.

Expedition of Darius against the Scythians.



are that



Darios penMrates into Indla^ and reduces bL'
"^* great country into sobjectibn.



7!&« History of the GHreeks from henceforth wiU be mtermized and alwosl
eomfounded with that iff the Pereiane ; for tohuh reasou I shall sepa* at
their chronology no farther.



Pbrsians Aifo Greiks.



The Persians form the siege of the capital of the island of Naxos, and
are obliged to raise It in six months.

AristagoruB, governor of Miletus, revolts ftom Darius, and brings the
lonians and Athenians into his measures.

The lonians make themselves masters of Sardis. and bum It.

The Persians defeat the lonians in a sea-fight berore the island of Lados,
and make themselves masters of Hiletuii.

.Akichylus.

Darius sends Gobrias his son-in-law at the head of an army to attack
Greece.

Anacreon.

Darius takes the command of hte anqiei finm Gobdaa, and gives It to
Datis and Artaphemes.

Battle of Marathon.

Unfortunate end of MiMadet.

Death of Darius Hystaspes. Xerxes his son laccaedi him.

Birth of the historian Herodotus.

Xerxes sets out to make war against the Greeks. .

Battle of Thermopylie. Leonidas, king c£ tlie Laeednnmiiuis, Is killed
in it. Sea-fight near Artemisium, fooght at the same time with the battle
ofThermopyle.

Birth of Euripides.



vGoogk



eSBONQLOGICAL TAMLB.



161



At Sl» A» Ct



Fxa^lAlUi AND GRBBKik



3534
3525



3531

3532
3533

3534
3535

35:n

3538

3540

3544
3545

3548



3550
3554



480
479
478

476

474
473

473
471

470
4G0



Battle of Salamifl, followed by the precipitate retam of Xenet into
Peraia.

Battle of Plat»e. Sea-fight the eame day near Mycale, in which the
Fenians are defeated.

The Athenians rebuild the walls of their city, which had been de-
Biolished by Xerxes, notwithstanding the opposition of the Lacedauo-



The command of the armies of Greece, of which the Lacedsmonians
had been in possession fiom the battle of Thetmepyte, is transferred to
the Athenians.

Pindar flourished about this time.

Pausanias, general of the Lacedaemonians, accosed of holding secret
intelligence with Xerxes, is put to death.

Themislocles, the Athenian general, is accused of liaying had a share
in Pausanias^s plot, and takes refuge with Admetus, king of the Moioa-



3564



3568



Sophocles and Euripides appear in Greece about this time.

Xerxes is killed by Artabanus, the captaui of his guards.

Artaxerxes, sumamed Longimanus, succeeds tiim. Themlstocles takee
reAige in his court the first year <^ his reign.

Cunon receives the command of the armies at Athens. The year fol-
lowine he defeats tlie Peiaians, and takes their fleet near the mouth of the
river Eurymedon.

Birth of the historian Thucydides.

Great earthquakes at Sparta, in the reign of ArchidamUs, which gives
rise to a sedition of the Helots.

Birth of Socrates.

Beginning of Pericles.

Phidias, famous for bis skin in architecture and sculpture.

Dlflference and misunderstanding between the Athenians and Lacedae-
monians, occasioned^ by the affront offered to the Athenians by the Lace-
daemonians, in sending back their troops, after having called them in to
their aid against the Meaaenians and Helots. Some time after, and in
consequence of this quarrel. Cimon is banished by the Ostracism.

Ezra obtains a commiselon from Artaxerxes to return to Jerusalem,
with all who are willing to follow him.

Themlstocles puts an end to his life at Magnesia.

Herodicus of Sicily, chief pf the sect of Physicians called AwtHriaii.
Hippocrates was his disciple.

The Egyptians, supported bv the Athenians, revolt against /irtsxerxea.

Defeat of the Persian army in Egypt.

The Egyptians and Athenians are defeated in their turn ; in c>'/ii.<»';quence
of which all E^pt returns to its obedience to Artaxerxes, and the Athe-
nians retire to Bibles, under the command of Inarus, where they sustaui
a siege of a year.

Battle of Tanagra in Boeotia, where the Athenians beat the Spartans,
who were come to the aid of the Thebans.

Nehemiah obtains Artaxerxea's permission to return to Jerusalem.

Birth of Xenephon.

Cimon, necalled from banishment after five years* absence, reconciles
the Athenians and' Spartans, and makes them conclude a truce of five
years.

End of the war between the Greeks and Persians, which had continued
from the burning of Sardis by the Athenians, flfty-ont; years.

Death of Cimon.

The Lacedaemonians conclude a truce for thirty years with the Athe-
nians. The latter soon break it by new enterprises.

Empedocles, tbe'Pythagorean philosopher, flourished about this time.

Myron, the famous scidplor of Athens.

Pericles makes war with the Samians, and takes the capital of their
island, after a siege of nine months. « ^ .

Steuxis, the ftunbus painter, disciple of ApoUodorus. Parrhasius his
rival Mved at the same time.

AriBtophnnes, the comic poet
436 I Bht h of Isocrates.

■" PZ



454
450



419



446



440



vGoogk



OBIOMOLOOCikL TABLB.



TuBtJTS.



3574



3S75
3570



an9



431

430



488



3584
3588

35»

3500
3503



494



481

480

416

415

414
411

400



3600



3601



405



404



dM dBdara oo the ikto of Ooiinth agBiiMt AdMm.
apw«r in thte wmr, which occaaioiM tt

deopML ■ictaHeet uid aeiilptor.

B«guuiiiff of the PetoponoMiaii war. It eontiiiiiei 97 yean.

A terrible plague ragee ia Attica. The phyatciaa ffippoeratea HbHo-

liehea hiaeeir bf hie eztraonUnary care or tl

Death of Perielfla.

The Laoedcmoaiana besiege Platsc.

Plato, founder of the ancient academy.

Death of Artamzei. ^ Xeneehie eon Mceeeda him He reifna onij
forcy-flve daya.

~ " deatlLaadcaueahimaelftobeackaowMlgied

„ A cenlHMMi only mn months.

Itnown under tJM name of Dariua Nothus, ride himself of Sog-



War between iha Corinthians and the people of Coreyia. Tlw Atbe-
» in it in favour of the Corey nans. Tike inlialittAiits of Foti
'^ Alcibiadea begiae to



flofdii
kinglnhissiead. His reign
Ochos, ■



TlM Athenians, under Nicias, make ttwrnseivei masters of Cytliera.

Thucydides is banished liy the Athenians, wlwse army lie commanded,
for having suffered Amphipolls to be taken.

PolygBotuB, temed particniaily ibr his painting in tiK portioo called
lUmsfJt at Athena, in which he represented the principal events of tlie
Trojan war.

Treaty of peace concluded, by the application of Nicias, Iwtween the
Lacedamonians and Atlwnians, in the tenth year from the b^inoing of
the Peloponnesiaa war. Alcibiades, by an imposture, occasions its betng
broken the following year.

The banishment of Hyperbolus puts an end to the Ostracism.

Alcibiades engages the Athenians to assist the people of Egesta against
the Syracosans.

Alcibiades, one of the generals sent to Sicily by the Athenians, is re-
called to Athens to answer accusations against him. He flies to Spai
and is condemned for contumacy.

Pisutlines, governor of Sjrria, revolta against Darius. The EgsrptiuiB
do tlie same, and clioose Amyrtaus for their king, wlio reigns six years.

Alcibiades, to avoid the envy lus great actions had drawn upon iiim at
Sparta, throws liimself into the arms of Tiaeaphemea. one of the king of
Persians satraps. The Lacedemonians, by the help of TUsaphemes, con-
clude a treaty of alliance with ttie king of Persia.

Alcibiades is recalled to Athens. His return occasions the abolition of
the Four Hundred, who had been invested with supreme authority.

Darius gives Cyrus, his youngest son, the government iu chief of all the
provinces of Asia Minor.

Lysander is placed at the head of the Lacedsinonians. He defeala tiie
Athenians near Ephesus. In consequence of that defeat, Alcibiodeb '
deposed, and ten generals are nominated to succeed him.

Callicratidas mta the command of tlie army in the room of Lysander,
from whom the LacedaEtaonians had taken it. He is killed in a se»-fi^
near the Arginuss.

Lysander is restored to the command of the Lacedsmonlaa army,
gains a fhmous victory over the Athenians at iEgospotamos.

Conon, wlio commanded the Athenian forces, retuea after his defeat
to Fvsgoras, king of Cyprus.

LysttMer makes himself master of Athens, chuiges the form of tlw go-
vernment, and establishes ttiirQr Archons, commonly caUed the tiiirty
tyrants.

End of the Pek>ponnesIan war. ^^

Death of Darius Nnthus Arsaces his son succeecb liim, and takes tlie

mie of Artaxerxes Mnemon.

Cyrus the younger inten is to ass^uannate his brother Artaxerxes. Hit)
design being discovered, ho is sent back to the maritime provinces, o(
which he was govermnr.

Interview of Cyrus the younger «nd Lynnder at Sar^s.

Thrasybulus ejqiels the tyrants of Athens, and m nslnhflahra Urn liberty



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397



394



369



300



358



Cyrus the younger prepares for a war witb his brother Artazoxet.

Defeat and death of Cynu the younger at Cunaza, followed by the re*
treat of the Ten Thousand.

Death of Socrates.

Lacedaemon declares war against Tissaphemes and Phfimahaaaa

Beginning-^f Amyntas. king of Macedoniaf father of Philip.

Agesilaus is elected long of Sparta. The year foUowing he goes t»
AfVica, to. the aid of the Greeks settled there.

Lysander quarrels with Agesilaus, and tmdertakes to change tte onler
of tho succesnon to the throne.

The army of Tiasaphemes is defeated near Sardis by AgesUaos.

Thebes, Argos, and Corinth, enter into a league against lAeed^emoB,
at tlie solicitation of the Persians. Athens enters into the same league
soon after. Agesilaus is recalled by tlie EplUui to tlie asslrtance of his
country.

The Heet of the Lacedttroonians is defeated near Cnidos by Phamaba-
8U9, and Conon the Athenian, who comnanded tliat of the Persians and
Greeks. Agesilaus defeats tlie Tbebans ahnost at tlie same time, iii the
plains of Coronea.

Conon rebuilds the walls of Athens.

Peace, shameful to the Greelcs, conchided with the Persians by Antal-
cidas the Lacedsmonian.

Artaserzes attacks Evagoras, king of Cyprus, with all his forces, and
gains a signal victory over him.

It is folkywed by the siege of Salamls, which is terminated by a treaty
of peace.

Expedition of Artaxerzes against tlie Caduslans.

Birth of Aristottej founder of the Peripatetics.

The Lacediemomans declare war against tlie city of Olyntlius.

Birth of Philip, king of Macedon.

Phebidas, on his way to the siege of Olynthus, at the head of part of
the army of the Lacedesmonians, makes himself master of the citadel of
Thebes.

Birth of Demosthenes.

Pelopidas, at the head of the rest of the eziIes,kUls the tyrant of Thebes,
and retakes the citadel.

Artaxerzes Mnemon undertakes to reduce Egypt, which had thrown
off his yoke for some yean. He empkiys above two years in making pre-
parations ft>r that war.

Deatli of Amyntas, king of Macedonia. Alexander his eldest son e
ceeds him. He reigns only two years. Perdiccas ascends the throne next,
and reigns 14 years.

Deaiti of Evagoras. king oC Cyprus. Nicocles his son succeeds him.

Battle of Leuctra, m which the Tbeltans, under Epaminondss and P&-
tonidas, defeat the Lacedemonians.

Expedition of Peloptdas against Alexander, tyrant of Phere. He goes
to Macedonia, to terminate the differences between Perdiccas and Ptole-
my, son of Amsmtas concerning the crown. He carries Philip with him
to Thebes as a hostage. He is killed bi a batUe which lie fights with Uie
tyrant of Phers.

Battle of Mantinea. Epambiondas is killed in it, after having secured



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