Charles Rollin.

The ancient history of the Egyptians, Carthaginians, Assyrians ..., Volume 8 online

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164



163



162



PeaUi of Piolemy Epiphanes, king of £gypt Ptolemy Philometor suo
ceeds liiin.

Death of Philip, king of Macedonia. Peraeus his son succeeds him.

Seleucus Phllopator, king of Syria, is poisoned by Heliodorus, whom
be liad sent a little before lo take Jerusalem. He is succeeded by Au-
iiochus Epiphanes.

Autiochus Epiphanes causes Onias the high-priest of Jerusalem to be
dej)osed, and sets Jason in iiis place.

War ))etween Antiocbus and Ptolemy Philometor.

The Roiuaat ieclare war against Perseus. That prince has some ad-
vantage in tiie hrst battle near the river Peneus.

Autiochus Epiphanes makes himself master of all Egypt He marches
afterwards to Jerusalem, where he commits unheard-of-cruelties.

The Akixaiidrians, in the room of Philometor, who had fallen iato tlie
hands of Antiucbus, make Ptolemy Euergetes, his younger brother, king.

Philometor is set at liberty the same year, and unites with his brother.
That union induces Antiochus to renew the war.

Paulus iEmitius is charged with tlie Macedonian war, against Perseus.
Ue gains a famous victory over tliat prince near Pydna, which puts an
end to tlie kingdom of Macedonia. It was not reduced, however, into a
province of the Roman empire, till twenty years after.

The pnetor Auicius subjects lllyria in thirty days.

Popilius, one of tlie ambassadors sent by the Romans into Egypt, obliges
Antiochus to quit it, and comes to an accommodation with tlie two bro-
thers.

Antiochus, exasperated at what had happened in Eg]rpt, turns his rage
against tlie Jews, and sends Apoilonius to Jerusalem.

The same year he publishes a decree, to oblige all nations in subnotion
to him to renounce their own religion, and conform to his. Tills law
occa^ons a cruel persecution amongst the Jews.

Antiochus goes in person to Jerusalem, to see his orders put in execution.
The martyrdom of the Maccabees, and the death of Eleazar, happened at
that time.

Paulus iEuiilius abandons the cities of Epkiu to be plundered by his
army, for having taken Persens'spart The Achaeans, suspected of having
favoured that prince, are sent to Rome to give an account of their conduct.
The senate banish tliem into different towns of Italy, from whence tliey
are not suffered to return home till seventeen years after. Polybius wae
of this number.

Prusias, king of Bithynia, goes to Rome. Eumenes, king.of Pergamus,
is not permitted to enter it

Death of Mattathias. Judas his son succeeds him, and gains many
victories over tlie generals of Antiochus.

Antiochus Epiphanes is repulsed before Elymais, where he intended to
plunder the temple. He marches towards Judiea, with design to exter-
minate the Jews. Tlie hand of God strikes him on the way, and he dies
hi the most exquisite torments. Antiochus Eupator, his son, succeeds him.

Antiochus Eupator marches against Jeruealon. He is soon after obliged
to return into Syria, in order to expel Philip of Antioch, who had madu
himself master of his capital.

Difference between Philometor, king of Egypt, and Pbyscon his brother,
which does not terminate tiM after the expiration of five years.

Octavius, ambassador for the Romans m Syria, is assaarinated.

Demetrius Soter, the son of Seleucus Philopator, flies from Rome,
where he had been kept as a hostage, to Syria, where he causes An-
tiochus Eupator to be put to death, and seizes the tlirone.

Death of Judas Maccabeus.

Demetrius is acknowledged king of Syria by the Romans.

Death of Eumenes, king of Pergamus. Attalus Philometor succeeds
him.

War betweei) Attains and Prosias.

Alexander bala pretends to be the son of Antkichus Epiphanca, and In
[that quality aMempts to cause himself to bo acknowledged king of Syria.

Andriscua of Adramyttimn pretends himself the son of Pmeus, aiul



vGoogk



in



CHRONOIX>G«>AL TABLE.



A. M. A. C.



Albxardbk's SuccKsaofts.



3851

3890

3857



ISO



146



undertiJMi tocMwe Mnweif to be declared Mug of Macedonia, fieiicoii-
quered, taken, and wnt to Rome by HeteUin.

Demetrius Boter ta Idlied in a battle between him and Alexander Bala.
Hli death leayee the latter in fomeaAm of the empire of Syria.

Maeedonia la reduced into a province of the Boman empire.

Troubles in Adiaia promoted by Dieus and Critolaus. The conmiis-
sloneri sent tldther by the Romans are msulted.

Metelius goes to Achaia, where he gains several advaiAiges over the
Acbcans. Hummiiis succeeds liim ; and, after a great battle near Ijeuco-
petra, takes Corinth, and entirely demolishes it

Greece is reduced into a Roman province, under the name of the pro
vinco of AchalH.



The »0fud of tJU kiMtonf •/ the khkgt of Sffria ia smdk omhroOed; for
wkiok reosoa / okM separate U from that of tha Egypiiana^ in order
io eampUia Ua ekronologf.



SYai4.



38S9



141



Demetrius Nicalor, son
of Demetrius Soter, de-
feats Alexander Bala,
and ascends the thione.



marehestban



Domoirfiu
against the Parthians.
After some small advan-
tages, he ii taken pri-



Antlochas, snmamed
Tlieos, son of
supported by
makes himself master of
part of the kingdom.
Tryi^ion gets J<
into his nands. and
to death



3864



3860



3871
3873



136
135



3874



130



^D emetrius Nicaftn
ralgnB again in flyrta.



Death oritoiemy Fta-
kanelor. Ptolemy Pbys-
Lis bracher, suc-



w Bala, con, «»
Tryphon, ceeds Iiim.



puts lum

Ptolemais. The year
towing he mnrden his
pupil Antiochtts, and
seizes the Itingdom of
Syria.

AntiocboB Sidetes, the
second son of Demetrius
Soter, marries Cleopa-
tra, the wilb of bis bro-
ther Demetrius Nicator ;
and after having put
Tryphon to death, lie '
declared king himself:

Antiochus Sidetes be-
sleges John Hyrcanus
Jerusalem, and takes the
city liy capitulation.



Death of Attains, king

' Pergamns. Attalus,

his n^ew, Bumamed

Philomeior, soceeedB

He reigns five



Antiochus marches king
against the Parthians, *
and gains many advan-
tages over tbem. The} .
send back Demetrius the them.)



year fbilowing.



Egypt.



is years.

The cruelties of Phys-

con at Alexandria oblige
in most of the inhabitants

to quit the place.



(Attalus Pbilomfctor,
ig of Pergamus, at his
death leaves his domi-
nions to the Roman peo-
Th^ pie. Andronicua seizes



(The consul Pcrpenna
defeats Andronicus, and
Bends him to Rome. The
kingdom of Peiigamus is
reduced the year follow-
ing into a Roman pro-
vince by Manius Aqui-
liusj

Physcon repudiates
Cleopatn. his first wife^
and marries her daugh-
ter of the same name.
He Is soon alter obliged



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C&EONOJUO^CAJL TA^Jfi.



tn



A.AI.



Stru*



£eYPr.



3877



3S80



3887
3890



127



134
122



190
117
114



38D1

3897

3900

3901

3903
3907
3910

3011
3013

3913



a9J4
3915



3018
3600



113
107

104

103

101
97
94

03
93



Demetrius is kUIed by
Alexander Zebinft, who
takes his place, and
causes himself to be ac-
Miowiedged king of Sy-
ria.

Seleucua V. ekiest son



Antiochu« Grypus suc-
ceeds him.

Cleopatra attempts to
poison Grypus, and is
poisoned herself.



of Demetrius Nicator, is ZeUna is deftated by
declared king, and soon Grypus, and dies soon
after killed by Cleopatra, after.



driaos give the govern-
ment toCleopatia,whom
he bad repudiated.

Physcon reascendi the
throne of Egypt.



PhsHKon gives

daughter in marriage to
Grypus, king of Syria.



Death of Grypus. Se-
ieucus, his son, succeeds
him.

Setencus is de(bated by
Eusebes, and burned in
Mopsuestia.

Anttochus, brother of
Seleucus, and second son



of Grypiis, asiumes the marries Selene the wi-
dindem. He is presently dow of Grypus.
after defeated by Eu-
sebes, and drowned in
theOiontes.

Philip, his brother,
third son of Grypus, suc-
ceeds him.

Demetrius Eucheres,
fourth son of Grypus, ia
established king at Da-
mascus, by the aid of
Lathyrus.



Death of Physcon.
Antlochus the Cyzlce- Ptolemy Lathyfus suc-



nian, son of Cleopatra
and Antiochus Sidetes,
arms against Gry-
pus. He has the worst
in the beginning; but
two years after obliges
his brother to divide the
kingdom of Syria with
him.



ceeds him. Cleopatra,
his mother, obliges him
to repudiate Cleopatra,
his eldest sister, and to
many Selene, hli young-



Antiochus the Cyzlce-
nian is defeated and put
to death.

Antloehas Eusebes,
the son of the Cyidce-
nian, causes himself to
be declared king. He



EosrtMs. dofsated by
Philip and Demeirias,
ihavingbesD retiies to the PartUans,
uken by the Paithians, who re-estabUsh him



Cleopatra, queen of
Egypt, gives tlie king-
dom of Cyprus to Alex-
ander, her youngest son.

Cleopatra drives La-
thyrus out of Egypt, and
places his brother Alex-
ander upon the throne,
il victonr of La-
thyrus over Alexander,
khig of the Jews, uj
the banks of the Jordan.

Cleopatra forces La.
tbvrus to raise the siege
of Ptolemais, and takes
that city heraelf.

Cleopatra takes her
daughter Selene iVom
Lathyrus, and makes
her marry Antiochus the
Cyzicenian.



Alexander kiSs Ui mo-
ther Ckiopatra.

Alexander Is expelled,
anddies soon after.
Lathvrus U rccaHed.



vGoogk



if4



CSBONOLOOICAL TABLB.



.JLC.



AnlioclM»Dlon7ilustiie)apon the throne two
OOh wn of Grypua, is eet yeftM aftBr.



opoB the throne, and

killed the foliowlog jew.

The Byrinae, weaiy of



31>S



3988
3835

39»

3946

39tt
3953
3956
39!P7
3961

3963
3971

3973
3974

3490



__ Euwlwi takee refuge

•omany chaBfee.chooee|fai Cittcia, where be n-
hkiagor '

.He

fiMuteen yean by



reicmfiMir
avker<qr.



■BS



TIgxaneg recaUi Mag-
dalua, hk vloeroy fai *"-
ria.



The Romana depoae Ptolemy, king of Cyprus, and seize that island.
Cato is charged with that eommisBion.

Ptolemy Auletes is obliged to fly from Ecypt Berenice, the eldest of
his datlghte^^ is declared queen in liis steao.

GaUnius and Antony restore Auletes to the entire possesBkn of his do-



51
48
47
43

41
33

31
30

514



Lashynw minaTbebes
in Egypt, where the re-
belsbe bad before de-



Aattochua Asiaticas king
By- takes poss es ion of Sy-



ria.
yeaM.

Pompev deprives An-
Uochus Aaiaticus of ' '
dominions, and
3 vria into a Roman pro-
vince.



fealed had taken rrfuge.

Death of LAthyn«.
Alexander IL son of
Alexander L under tbe
proteetioa of Bylla,
elected king.

Death of NIcmnedes,

_ of Bitbyuia. His

kingdom is reduced bito

and reigns four a Roman province ; as is

also Cyrmaica tbe same

year.

Alexander Is driven
of Egypt Ptolemy
' B, LathyruB*8 na-
tural son, is set in bis



biaontc
reduces Auletes, 1



EoTrr.



Death of Ptolemy Auletes. He leaves his dominions to his ekleat son,

id bis eldest daughter, tlie fbmous Cleopatra.

PoBtbinus and Achillas, tbe young king's guardians, deprive Cleopatra
of her share in tbe government, and drive her out of Egypt.

Death of tbe king of Egypt Caesar {riaces Cleopatra upon tbe ttanme,
with Ptolemy her young brother.

Cleopatra poisons tier brother when be comes of age to share the sove-
reign authority aooording to the laws. She afterwards declares lor tlie
Soman triumviri.

Cleopatra goes to Antony at Tarras in Cillcia. She gaiaatbe asoendant
over bun, and carries tiim with lier to Alexandria.

Antony makes Umself master of Armenia, and brings the king priaoner
to Cleopatra. Coronation of Cleopatra and all her children.

B upture between Cosar and Antony. Cleopatra accompanies the latter,
who repudiates Octavia at Athens.

Cleopatra flies at tbe battle of Actium. Antony follows her, and there-
by abandons the victory to Cesar.

Antony dies In tbe arms of Cleopatra.

Cssar makes himself master of Alexandria. Cleopatra kiUs herself
Egypt is reduced into a Roman province.



CaPPAlOOCIA.



PAaTHiAH Ewpiac.



POMTUS.



Tbe Idngdom of Pon-
tus was founded by Da-
rius the son ofHystaqies,
in the year 3490L Arta-
bazua was the first king
of It His soccemois,
down to Mkhridates, aro



,y Google



C3IE0N0L0GICAL TABLBi



ITS



Twim



3600



3638
3644

3(i67



3GC8



3GB9
3702



3720
3754



3814
3819
3840
3842
3873
3856
3875



3013



3914
3915

aoie

»17



404



360
337



336



315

303



284
250



UAPPADOClir



T



bSSS.



Ariarathet T. wm the
fim king of Cappadocia.
He retgoed jointJy with
iijs brother Holophernes.

AriaratJiefl U. son of
the first He was de-
prived of his dominions
by Perdiccaa, wim sets
Eumenea os the throne.

AriaraUies III. aacends
the throneof Cappadocia
after the death of Per
diocas and Eumenea.

Ariamnea.

Ariarathes IV.



roNTUi



Mithridates I. He is
commonly considered as
the founder of the king
domofPontus.

Ariolwrzanes.
reiens 26 yeans.

Mithridates IL
reigns 35 yeani.



190
185
164
163
131
148
129
123

91



Ariarathes v.

Ariarathes VI. sor-
named Philopator.

Ariarathes VIL



He
He



Arsacas I. founder



the Parthian iBmpiie.

Aisaces II. biother of
the first.

Priapatiu6.

PhraatesL



Mithridates III. He
reigns 36 years. The
reigns of the three kings
who succeed Jilm inci ude
the space of a hundred
ofyeais. Tile last of them
was Mithridates IV.
great grandfather of
Mi**'"''''" ' ~



Mithridates L
Phraates II.



Ariarathes Vm. Mith-
ridates, idng of P(nitus,
puts him to death, and
sets his son upon the
throne.. Soon after,
Ariarathes IX. takes
Camiadocia from the son
of Mithridates, who Is
presenUy aAer re-e
biiahed by his fhther.

Syila enteiB Cappado-
cia, drives the son of
Mithridates oat of it, and
Bets Ariobarzanes I. up-
on tlie tnrune.

Tigranes, kfaig of Ar-
menia, drives Ariobar-
zanes oatof Cappadocia,
and retaislates the son of
Mithridatea.



Aitabanua. After
very short reign, he is
succeeded by Mithri-
dates IL who reigns 40
yeaiib



lithridates the Great.



Phamaces,sonofMith-
ridates IV.



Mithridates V. i
named Euergetes.

Mithridates VL sur-
named tiie Great.
Mithridates seises Cap>
padocia, and makes hi&
son king of it.



MDiMhirea, and aflnr
him Sinatroces. These
^0 princes reign about



Beginning of the war
between Mithridates and
the Romans.

Mitluidates causes all
the Romans in Asia Mi-
nor to be massacred hi
one day.

Archelausj one of tlie
^erals of Mithridates,
■eizes Athens, and most
of the ciUes of Greece.
^Syila is charged with
the war against Mithri-
He fetakei A-



:



vGoogk



tm



WM»Oh0mCkL TABLB.



A. *t A. 1

3>U -^



3KC



Capp^oooa.



3P«

aie



9:9c



283C



3031



nun






ca«



1G37



s^



399D
a948



75



74



Syna

datei to realore Ca|ipip
d4icia to AriolMUMUMa
rigrano
hiiQofita
A Aflr the war with iliOi-
ridaami Pompey raia-
•latei ArlobarxaiMi. Hli
reign, ana tli« very riiotl
one of his ton, conflhiM



POBTOS.

Victory of Sylla over
) fenerali of Mithn-
'm near Chnionea.
|H« gains a aecond banle



i^THtAM fiMPiaa.



Trearr of peace be-
tween Mitbridates and
ISylla, whicli tenninatei
Iw war.

MithridatoB puts his
■onto death.

Second war between
Mithridates and the Ro-
mans. It sutaoiats some-
thing less than tliree
yeam

Mithrktates makes an
alliance with Sertorius.

Beginning of tiia thkd
war of Mithridates
against the Koaiaus.
LucuUus and Coita are
placed at the iiead of tiie
Koman army.

Cotta ia defeated by
sea and land, and forced
(o shut himself up in
Chalcedon. Lucullos
goes to his aid.

Mithridates forma the
siege of Cyzicum. I<u-
euJlus obliges hiin to raise
it at tlie end of two years,
and pursues and beats
him near the Graniciis.

Mithridates defeated
in the plains of Cabine.
He retires to Tigraiies.

LucuUus declarea war

against Tigranes, and

iilMaiunameoftheiMion after defeats hiro,
and takes Tigranocetta,
tlie capital of Armenia.

LucuUus defeats Ti-
granes and Mithridates,
who had joitied theirl
forces near the river Ar-I
mia.

Mithridates recovers
an his dominions, incon-
sequence of the misun-
dersundiofi that take
place io the Roman ar-



fteaataa m. who aa-



.Mdnldataa^eUMti



Pompey Is appolntmi
tosucceed LiicuiluB. He
Kains many advantages
■^— Mitbridatea, and




,y Google



GBRONOLOGICiU. TABU.



in



Ak. M.



?)950



3953



3962
3y73



3501



3o20



3523
3585



3513



3544



^539

:?5;.2



3503
3505



3600



anfis



r^



54



51



Cappadocu.



Ariobananeilll. He
n put to deatii by Cas-
8iu&

Ariarathes X.

M- Antony drives Ari-
arathes out of Cappado-



Parthiaji £mpirb.



POMTUS.



laid



Orodes. (Mithridatea

Unfortunate expedition up.
of CnuBua against the Death of Mithridates.
Pa thiana. |Phafnacealite8on,whoin

■***- army Jiad elected



503



VentidluB, general of E
the Romant, gaina a vic-f
tory over the Parthians,



ng. mibmits hia pensou
d domlniona to the &o-



in ins place. On the nour they had lost at the

winch happened in the
year of Uie world 4022,
Cappadocia was re*
(I uced into a Roman pro-
vince.



Syracuse.



Syracuse is said to have been found-
ed in the year of the world 3295: be-
fore Christ 709.



Carthagk.



404



Geloii's banning.

Geton ii Klccted king of Syracuse.
He reigns 5 or a years. '

Hiero L He reigns 1 1 yean.

Ihrajybulus. In a year's ihne he
is expelled by his subjects.

Tlie Syracusans enjoy thek liberty
dunng sixty years.

The Athenians, assisted by the peo-
ple of Segesta, undertake the siege of
Syracuse under their general Nicias.
They are obliged to raise it at the end
of two years. The Syracusans pur-
sue and defeat them entirely.

Beginning of Dionysius the elder.



Carthage was founded in the year
of the world 3158; before Christ 846.

First treaty between Uie Cartha-
gmians and Romans. It appears that
the Carthaginians had carried Uieir
araib mto Sicily before tliis treaty, as
they were in possession of part of It
when it was concluded: but what
year tliey did so is not known.

TJie Carthaginians make an al-
liance with Xerxes.

The Cartljaginians, under Amil-
^* ^^2^ ^^ ^'^*^^ fitted in Si-
cily. They are beaten by Gelon,



A^S ^•«!»»Pn*«™ send troops un-
der Hannibal, to aid the peop^ of
Segesta against the Syracusans.



Dionysius, after having deposed
the ancient magistrates of Syracuse,
is placed at tlie head of the new ones,
and soon after causes himself to be
declared generalissimo.

Revolt of the Syracusans against
Dionysius, upon account of the tak-
ing of Gela by the Carthaginians It
IS followed by a treaty of peace be-
tween the Cartliagiiiiaiis and Syra-
cusans, by one of the coiHlltlons of
whicli Syracuse li»to continue in sub-
jection to Dionysius. He ePtahlisliea
the tyranny in his own jterson.

New troobleR nt ?yrnciise iijmin.n
D'uHiyshw. He fjiids: measis to ptn an
eiwl to ibein



Hannibal and Imiteo ate sent to
conquer Siciiy. They open the cam-
paign with the siege of Agrlgentum^



The WW made by the Cartfiagl.
niaiis in Sicily is terminated by a
treaty of peace with the Syracusans.



vGoogk



an



CHBONOLOGICAL TABLE.



A. M A.C.



9807



3813



tiniw for a new war wUh Uie Caitli*-
finiaiw.

MuMcre of all the Carthagini)
in Sicily, followed by a dedaraUoD ^
of war, wflicli OiouyMus caused to It
be signiOed to Uienn by a herald,
whom he deaoatched to Carthage.
Diooyiius taxee Unfiuin by eapitu-



339



3643

3G44
3646

3647

V54

3656
36S7

38o8

3672

SOPS



3T54
3787
3729



3736
3741

9743

3745



361



360



357



SvaACOsK.



to Sidly with an amy
to earry on the war agaiiMt Dionynis.
' iiiliiiewi four or five yean.



349

SI7



The neii year he breaks the

treaty, and makei bhnielf maeter of
it again by force.

Ueath of Diooyi&ui the elder. Hli
MMt, Diimyaiua the younger, sue
lUuL By the advice of Dion, hie
broiher-in-law, he caueee Plato to
come to hb court.

Dion, banished by the order of Dio-
nyaius, retires into Peloponnesus.

Dioiiysius inakei Arete lus sister,
tlie wife of Dion, marry Tiniocrates,
one of his frleiidi. That treatment
inakai Dion resolve to atudc the ty-
rant with open force.

Dion obliges Dionysius to abandon
Syracuse. He sets sail for Italy.

CaJlippus causes Dion to be aa
sinated, and m&Kes himself i
of {Syracuse, where he reigns about
thirteen months.

Hipiiarinus, brother of DIonyrius
the yininger, drives CJallippus out of
Syracuse, and estabtbhes himself in
his piRce for two years.

Dionysius reinstated.

The Syracuaans call In Thnoleon
to their aid.
Dionysius Is forced bv Timoleon



CABTHAaS.



Second treaty of peace concluded
between the Romans and Carthagi-
nians.

The Carthaginians make a new

attempt to seize Sicily. They an

defeated by Timokmn, sent by tht-

to surrender liimself, and to retire to Uorinthiaos to the aid of the 2?yr.i



»46
33S



310



*277
275



961



Corinth. cusaits-

Hanno, citizen of Carthage, fornv
Thnoleon almlishes tyranny at Sy- the design of making himself mastci
racnse. and throughout Sicily, theofhis&tuntry



liberty of which he reinstates.



Agathodes makes hbnself tyrant
of Syracuse.



Embassy of Tyre to Carthage, tr
demand aid against Alexander tht
Great.

Beginning of the wars between thf
Carthaginians and Agathocles io Si-
cily and Africa. ^



A Roman legk>n seizes Rbegium
by treacliery.

Iliero and Artemldorus are made
supreme magistrates by the Syra-
eusan troops.

Hiero is declared king by the Syra
cusans.

Appius Claudius goes to Sicily to
aid the Mamertines against the Car-
thachiians. Hiero, who was at first
against him, comes to an accommo-
dation with liun, and makes an al-
Haace with the Romana



The Carthaginians s^nd tb$ Ro-
mans aid, under Mago, against Pyr
rhus.



Beginning of thi» flrel Punic wnr
with Uie Roiuans. 't subsists twenty
four years.

The R<mians besiege the rartha-l
flinians in Agiigentum, and take (hcl
citv, after a nege of seven months. I

Sea-ficht between the Romans aadi



dbyGoogk



CUR0N0L')G1CAL TABLE.



Iff



V M \. C.



•f749
3750



3755



3756

37t)3



3787
3776

3786

3787
3788

37P9



3nM)
3:«>2



3703
3794



3798
3799



13803



i255

'254



S49



94b

241



Hiero aendi the Carthagf nians aid
against tiie foreign mercenaries.



337



2J8

217

216

215



214

212



295



201
900



Hiero ^oes to meet tlie consul Tib
Seuipromus, in order to ofier him bis
Hervices against the Cartbagluiaiis.



Death of Hiero. Hieronymus his
grandson succeeds liini.

Hieronynuis aliandons the party of
tlie Rniiiaiis, and enters into an al-
liance with Hannibal. He is assas-
sinated soon af^er. His death ti
followed with great troubles to Syra-
cuse.



Marcelliis takes Syracuse, after a
siege of tiiree years.



Carthaok.



Carthaginians, near tlie coaai
Myle.

Sea-fi^ntnear Ecnomus, in Sicily.

Regulud in Africa. He is talieu
prisoner.

Xanthii ipiis c omes to tlie aid of tlie
Carthaginians.

Reguius is sent to Rome to propose
the excliange of itrisonera. At hiH
return the Cartliaginians put him vi
death with the most cruel torments.

Siege of LilylKuuni by the Romans.

Defeat of the Cartltaginians near
the islands ^ates, followed by a
treaty, that puts an end to tiie lirsi
Punic war.

War of Libya against the foreign
mercenaries. It subsists three yeart-
and f<mr months.

The Carthaginians give up Sar-
dinia to the Romans, and engage ti
pay tlieni 1200 talents.

Amllcar is killed in Spain. / «dru-
bal, his son-in-law, succeeds 1j u in
the command of the army.

Hannibal is sent into Spain i en
the demand of his uncle Asdrubt

AsdrubaPs death. Hannibal f
made general of the army in liissteau

Siege of Saguntnm.

Beginning of the second Punic war,
which subsists seventeen years

Hannibal enters Italy, and gain$!
the battle of Ticinus and Trebia.

Battle of Tlirasyinenns.

Hannibal deceives Fabius at t)iu
straits of Cafisilinum

Cn. Scipio defeats the Cartiiagi-
nians in Spain.

Battle of Cannae. Hinnibal retires
to Capua after this baiiA



Asdrubal is beaten in S| %iu by the
two Scipios.



Carthaois.



Tlie two Scipios are killed in Sjiain.

The Romans liesiege Capita.

Hannibal advances to Rome, and betAegea it. The Romans soon after
take Capna.

Asdrubal enters Ftaly. He is defeated by the consul Livius, wliom the
ntlier coiwul Nero had joined. '

Scipio makes hinitjelf master of all Spain. He is made consul the yeii
following and goes to Africa.

Hannibal is recalled to the aid of his country.



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