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The ancient history of the Egyptians, Carthaginians, Assyrians ..., Volume 8 online

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and Phoenicia, marches against Jona-
than, and is defeated, vii. 229. he forms
a plot against the life of Ptolemy Philo
metor, ib.

ApoHophanes, physician of Antiochus
the Great, discovers to that prince the
conspiracy formed against him by Her.
mias, vi. 155. salutary adrice which he
gives Antiochus, 157.

Appius (Claudius) Roman consul, is
sent mto Sicily, to aid the Mamertines,
i. 241. he de^ts the Carthaginians and
Syracusans, ib.

Appiui (Claudius), Roman


GBNESAi. nmex.

a. bra of Pyrrhut, vi. 51

^ppius (Claudius). Roiiiui,coinniaiidi
a ^-ody of troops, and is beaten near Ua>
csjia^ against which he marched with d«-
cigs to plunder it, vii. 123.

A pries ascends the throne of figrptt i«
I^I. success of that prince, ib. Zede-
kiah, ktnf of Judah, implores his aid,
} Bf. he declares himself protector of I»>
rael» ib. Egypt revolts against him, iSS,
and sets Amasis on the throne, ib. he is
obliged to retire into Upper Egypt, 184.
Amasis defeats him in a battle, in which
he is taken prisoner, and put to death, 185.

Aquilius (Manius), Roman proconsul,
is defeated in a battle by Mithridates,
%vho takes him prisoner, and puts him to
death, vm. 51.

Arabians (Nabathean) character of
that people, v. 278.

Aracua, Lacedenumian admiral, iiL

Araspes, a Median nobleman, is ap-
pointed by Cyrus to keep Panthea pri»>
oner, ii. HI. passion which ho conceives
for (bat iNrincess, ib. goodness of Cyrus
in respect to him, ib. he does that prince

Seat service in g<Mng as a spy amongst
e Assyrians^ ib.

Aratus, son of Clinias, escapes from
Sicyon, to avoid tlie fury of Abantidas,
vi. 100. he delivere that city from the
tyranny, ib. and unites it with the Achs>
an league, 101. he appeases a sedition
UDon the point of breaking out at Sicyon,
103, &c. he is elected general of the
AchGBans, 104. he takes Corinth from
Antigonus, 107, &c. he makes several
cities enter into the Achaean league, 108.
ne has not the same success at Argos,
110. he marches ajpiinst the ^tohans,
121. Cleomenes, king of Sparta, gains
several advantages over him, 128. Ara-
tus^senvy of that prince, 132. he calls in
Antigonus to aid the Acheans against the
Lacedeemonians, ib. ho marches against
the ^tolians, and is defeated near Ca*
phyaB, 168. Philip's affection for Aratus,
lb. Apelles, Philip's minister, accuses
him falsely to that prince, 177. he is de-^
dared innocent, 178. he accompanies
Philip into ^tolia, his expeditions
against the ^lolians, Lacedaemonians,
and Eleans, 180. Philip causes him to
be poisoned, 195. hi8\funerai solemnized
magnificently, 196.

Aratus the jroungar, sen ef the gr«Kt

AratH, is chier ma|^Btat« oT die Acba*
ana, vi. 174. Philip causes him to be
poisoned, 196.

Arbaces, governor of the Medes fiM>
Sardanapalus, revolts against that prince,
and founds the kingdom of Media, ii. 58.

Arbaces, gener^ in the army uf Ar-
taxerxes Mnemon, against his brother
Cyrus, iii. 209.

Arbela, city of Assyria, famous iw
Alezandor's victory over Daritm, ▼.91.

Arceolas, Alexander's lieutenant.
Provinces that fell to hb lot after that
prince's death, v. 218.

Archagathus, son of Agathocles, com-
mands in Africa after his father's depar-
ture, i. 237. he perishes there miso^biy,

Archelaus, governor of Susa for Alex-
ander, v. 96.

Archelaus, general for Antigonus,
marches against Aratus, who besieged
Corinth, and is taken prisoner, vi. 107.
Aratus sets him at liberty, 108.

Archelaus, one of the generals of Mith-
ridates, takes Athens, viii. 52. he is driv-
en out of it by Sylla, 56. he is defeated
by the same captain, first at Ciueronea,
56. and then at Orchomenus, 60. he es-
capes to Chalcis, ib. and has an inter-
view with Sylla, near Delium, 62. Ar-
chelaus gees over to Munena, 66. he
engages the latter to make war against
Mithridates, ib.

Archelaus, son of (he former, is made
hi^h^priest and sovereign of Comana,
viu. 102. he mariies Berenice, queen of
Egypt, 113. he is killed in a battle with
the Romans, 114.

Archelaus, son of the latter, enjoys the
same dignities as his father, vii. 390. he
marries Glaphyra^ aud has two sons by
her, ib.

Archelaus, second son of Archelaus
and Glaph3rra, ascends the throne of
Cappadocia, viL 330. Tiberius does him
great services with Augustus, ib. he
draws the revenue of Tiberius upon hioH
self, 331. he is cited to Rome, and why,
ib. he is very ill received thore, ib. he
dies soon after, ib.

Archias, a Corinthian, founder of Sj*
racuse, iii. 140.

Archias, a Theban, is killed hv the
conspirators at a feast given by Philli*
das, one of them, to the BcBOtarchs, ir.

ArsUaa, wiwsdiaiH delivers up the er-




itor BypflrUMi and Mveral otlMr per-
sons, to Antipater, t. 228.

Archibius. His attachment to Cleo-
patra, viii. 146.

Archidamia,LacediBinomanlady. He^
Koic aclioD of hers, vi. 65. she is put to
death .by order ofAmphares, 125.

Archidamusi kins of Sparta^ iii. 103»
be saves the Lacedtemonians from the
fury of the Helots, ib. he (XMnniands the
troops of Sparta at the beginning of the
Peloponnesian war, 147. he besiei^es
Platasae, 161.

Archidamus, son of Agesilaus, gains a
battle against the Arcadians, iv. S^. his
valour during the siege of Sparta by
Eparainondas, 217. he reigns in Sparta,
233. •

Archidamus, brother of Agis, escapes
fi'oro Sparta to avoid the fury of Leoni*
das, vi. 126. Cleoroenes recalls him, 128.
he is assassinated in returning home, ib.

Archidamus, ambassador of the iEto^
fians, endeavours to engage the Achieans
to declare for AntiochuS) vi. 298.

Archilochus, Greek poet, inventor of
Iambic verses, ii. 284. character of his
poetry, ib.

Archimedes, famour goometrician, vUi.
1 1 . he invents many machines of war, 12.
prodigious effects of those machines, 29.
lie is killed at the taking of Syracu«M), 37.
his tomb discovered by Cicero, 38.

Archon, one of Alexander's officers.
Provinces that fell to him after that
prince's death, v. 218.

Archon is elected chief magistrate of
the Achseans, vii. 123. wise resolution
ivhich he makes that people take, 124.

Archons instituted at Athens, iv. 71.
their functions, ib.

Ardys, king of Lydia, ii. 83.

Areopagus: ita establishment, iv. 69.
authority of that senate, ib. Pericles
weakens its authority, 71.

Aretas, king of Arabia Petrsa, submits
to Pompey, viii. 105.

Arete, daughter of Dionysius the ty-
rant, first married to her brother Theo-
ndes, anti aflerwards to her uncle Dion,
iv. 131. during the banishment of the
Utter sh'-) « married to Tiroocrates, 146.
Dion ree» ves her again, 160. her death,

Arethw«3 a fountain famous in fabu*
kMM history lii. 213.

Areus, or <* of the Spartan exiles, is re-

Astatadby .^ Ach«uw« and canries to*


cosations againit (ham to Roma, ym. 21.
the Acheans condemn him to die, 24. his
sentence is annulled by the Romans, 26.

Areus, grandson of Cleomenes, reigns
at Sparta, vi. 64.

Areus, another king of Sparta, vi. US

Argaeus is placed by the Athenians
upon the throne of Macedonia, iv. 273
is defeated by Philip, 275.

The Argihan: a name given to the
slave who discovered Pausantas's ooa^
spiracy, iii. 66.

Arginuste. Isles famous for the victoij
of the Athenians over the Lacedaemoni
ans, iii. 264.

Argo, king of Lydia, ii. 82.

Argoa, foundation of that kingdom, ii.
239. kings of Argos, ib. war between the
Argives and Lacedaemonians, i. 97. they
refuse to aid the Greeks against the Per*
sians, iiu 325. Argos besieged by Pyr-
rhus, vi. 70. Aratus endeavours to bnng
that city into the Achosan league, 11^
but without success, ib. Argos is subject*
ed by the Lacedemonians, 135. and after
wards bvAnttgonus, 136. Argos surren-
ders to Philocles, one of Philip's gen»*
rals, 255. the latter puts it again into the
hands of Nabis, 257. it throws off the
yoke of that tyrant, and re-establishes its
liberty, 279.

Argus, king of Argos, ii. 239.

Anaeus, of Alexandria, philosopher :
Augustus Cesar's esteem for hini, viii.

ArisBus commands the lefl wing of C jr-
rus's armj^ at the battle d* Cunaza, iiu
299. he flies upon advice of that prince's
death, 302. the Greeks offer him the
crown of Persia, 306. he refuses it, and
makes a treaty with them, 307.

Ariamnes, an Arabian, deceives and
betrays Crassus, vii. 304.

Anamnes, king of Cappadocia, vii.

Ariarathes I. king of Cappadocia, vii*

Ariarathes II., son of the former, reigns
over Cappadocia, vii. 82$. he is defeated
in a battle by Perdiccas, who seizes his
dominions, and puts him to death, 324.

Ariarathes III. escapes into Armenia
after his father's death, vii. 324. he as*
cends the throne of his ancestors, ib.

Ariarathes IV. king of Cappadocia*
vii. 324.

Ariarathes V. marries Antlochis,
daughter of Antioclms tha Great, vi. 95.




the RoBHM k^ft gnat 6m apes lum for
having uded hw rather-in-Uw, viL 9. be
■cndi his sod to Rome, and with what
view, 104. he declares for the Romans
asainst Perseus, 106. death of Ahara^
thes, 176.

Ariarathes Vl, goes to Rome, and why,
Tii. 104. he refuses to reign during fats
father's life, 176. after his father's death
he ascends the throne of Cappadocia, ib.
he renews the alliance with the Romans,
ib. he is dethroned by Demetrius, ib. be
miploies aid of the Romans, ib. Attaius
re-establishes him upon the throne, 177.
he enters into a confederacy against De^
metrius, 326. he marches to aid the Ro-
mans against Aristonicus, and is killed in
that war, ib.

Ariarathes VII. reigns in Cappadocia,
vii. 326. his brother-ii^law Mithridates
causes him to be assassinated, ib.

Ariarathes VIII. is placed upon the
throne of Cappadocia by Mithridates, vii.
S27. he is assassinated by that prince,

Ariarathes IX., king of Cappadocia, is
defeated by Mithridates, ana driven out
•f his kingdom, vii. 327.

Ariarathes X. ascends the throne of
Cappadocia, vii. 329. Sisinna disputes
the possession of it with him. and carries
it against him, 390. Ariarathes reigns a
second time in Cappadocia, ib.

Ariarathes, son of Mithridates, reigns
in Cappadocia, viii. 47. he is dethroned
by the Romans, ib. he is reinstaled a
second, 48, and then a third time, ib.

Ariaspes, son of Artaxerxes Mnemmi,
deceived by liis brother Ochus, kills him-
self, iv. 236.

Aridnus, bastard brother of Alexander,
is declared king of Macedonia after the
death of that prince, v. 195. Olympias
causes him to be put to death, 258.

Arimanius, a deity adored by the Per^
sians, ii. 216.

Arimazes, Sogdian, governor of Petra
Oxiana, refuses to surrender to Alexan-
der, V. 132. he is besieged in that place,
ib. he submits to Alexander, who puts
him to death, 134.

Ariobarzanes, satrap of Phrygia, un-
der Artaxerxes Mnemon, ascends the
throne of Pontus, i. 111. he revolts
against that prince, iv. 234.

Ariobarzanes I. is placed upon the
throne of Cappadocia by the Romans, vii.
928. be is twice dethroned by Tigranes,

tb. Ponpey reimtatea him ni ui6 <|irirt
possession of the throne, ib.

Ariobarzanes II. ascends the throne of
Cappadocia, and is killed soon after, vii.

Ariobarzanes III. reigns in Cappado-
cia, vii. 328. Cicero suppressea a con-
spiracy forming against nim, ib. he sides
with Pompey against Caesar, S29. the
Iktter lays him under contribution, ib. be
refuses an alliance with Cesar's naur-
derers, ib. Cassius attacks him, and hav-
ing taken him prisoner, pots him to death,

Ariobarzanes, governor of Persia for
Darius, posts himself at the pass of Susa^
to prevent Alexander from passing it, v.
98. he h put to flight, 99.

Aristagoras is established eoTemor of
Miletus by Histiaeus, ii. 322. he joins the
lonians in theb revolt against Darius,
324. be soes to Lacedemon for aid, 326,
but ineftoctually, ib. he goes (o Athens,
327. that city grants him some troops,
ib. he is defeated and killed in a battle,

Aristander, a soothsayer in the train
of Alexander, v. 86. '

Aristazanes, officer in the court of
Ochus, iv. 254.

Aristeas, citizen of Argos, ^ves Pjr-
rhus entrance into that city, vi. 69.

Aristgenes, chief magistrate of thn
Achseans, engages them to declare fo'
the Romans against Philip, vi. 251, &c

Aristides, one of the generals of the
Athenian army at Marathon, resigns the
command to Miltiades, ii. 339. he distin-
giiishes himself in the battle, 340. he is
banished, 345. he is recalled, iii. 25. he
goes to Themistocles at Salamis, and
persuades him to fight in that strait, 38.
ne rejects the offers of Mardonius, 45.
be gams a famous victory over that gen-
eral at PlatcflB, 50. he terminates a di^
ference that had arisen between the
Athenians and Lacedaemonians, 51. con-
fidence of the Athenians in Aristides, 62.
his condescension for that people, ib. he
is placed at the head of the troops sent
by Athenq to deliver the Greeks from the
Persian yoke, 64. his conduct in that
war, 65. he is charged with the admin-
istration of the public revenues, 70. hii
death and character, 74.

Aristides, painter, his works greatly
esteemed, vii. 194.

Aristioa iiiurpa the goyenmicnt at




Athens, &nd acts with great cruelty, viii.
63. he is besieged in that city by Sylla,
b. he is taken and put to death, 56.

Aristippus, philosopher, his desire to
hear Socrates, iv. 16.

Aristippus, citizen of Argos, excites a
sedition in that city, vi. 67. he becomes
.yrant of it. 111. he is killed in a battle,
112. continual terrors in which that ty-
rant lived, 111.

Aristobuius I. son of John Hjrrcanus,
succeeds his father in the high>priesthood
and sovereignty of Judaea, vii. 280. he
assumes the title of king, 281. he causes
his mother to be put to death, ib. then
his brother Antigonus, 282. he dies soon
after himself, ib.

Aristobuius 11. son of Alexander Jan-
nseus, reiens in Judsa, vii. 288. dispute
between mat prince and his brother Hyr-
caniis, ib. Pompey takes cognizance of
':t, 289. Aristobulus's conduct makes him
his enemy, ib. Pompey lays him in chains,
290, and sends him to Ilome, 292.

Aristocracy, form of government, ii.

Aristocrates commands the lefl wing
of the Athenians at the battle of Argi-
nusse, iii. 264^

Aristodemus, chief of the Heraclidte,
possesses himself of Peloponnesus, ii.

Aristodemus, guardian of Agesipolis,
kint; of Sparta, iii. 347.

Aristodemus of Miletus is lefl at Athens
by Demetrius, v. 286.

Aristogenes, one of the generals of the
Athenians at the battle of Arginusae, iii.

Aristogiton conspireii against the ty-
rants of Athens, ii. 277. bis death, ib.
statues erected in honour of him by the
Athenians, 279.

Aristomache, sister of Dion, is married
to Dionysius the tyrant, iv. 114. -

Aristomachus, tyrant of Argos, vi. 110.
his death, 111.

Aristomenes, Mestenian, offers his
daughter to be sacrificed for appeasing
the wrath of iho g'jdd, i. 98. he carries
the prize of val jnr it the battle of Ithomc,
100. he is elected king of the Messe-
nians, 101. Ai henis the Lacediemoniaiis,
and sacr^f^**? SOt") of them in honour of^
Jupiter of hIvMne, 101. he sacrifices
brmself ao4J. dfter upon his daughter's'y Bac t, second of that name.

king of Messene, gains a Tictory over
the Lacedsemonians,^. 103. bold action
of that prince, ib. he is beaten by the
JUicedsemnnians, 104. his death, 105.

Aristomenes, Acarnanian, is <.hargi*d
with the education of Ptolemy Epiphanes,
VI. 237. he (]oashe8 a conspiracy formed
against that prince, 273. Ptolemy puts
him to death, 274.

Ariston of Syracuse, comedian, dis-
covers the conspiracy formed by An-
dranadorus against his country, viii. 21.

Ariston, pilot: coimsel which i^e gives
the Syracusans, iii. 236.

Aristonicus possesses himself of the
dominions of Attains, vii. 244. he defeats
the consul Crassus Mucianus, and takes
him prisoner, ib. he is beatea and iaken
by Perpenna, ib. the consul sends him
to Rome, ib. he is put to death there,

Aristophanes, famous poet, i. 77. char*
actcr of his poetry, ib. &c. faults with
which he may justly be reproached, ib.
extracts from some of hia pieces, 78.

Aristophon, Athenian captain, accuses
Iphicrates of treason, iv. 244.

Aristotle. Philip charges him with
the education of Alexander, iv. 278. v.
3. his application in forming that prince,
ib. suspicions of him in respect to the
death of Alexander, 193. fate of his
works, viii. 65.

Arnienes, son of Nabis, goes a hostage
to Rome, vi. 283.

Armenia, province of Asia, i. 22. It
was governed by kings, 113.

Arms, used By the ancient Persians,
ii. 196.

Arphaxad, name given by the Scripture
to Phraortes. See Phraortes.

Arrichion, Pancratiast. Combat of
that athleta, i. 52.

Arsaces, son of Darius. See Artax-
erxes Mnemon.

Arsaces I. governor of Parthia for An-
tiochus, revolts against that prince, vi.
80. he assumes the title of king, 9b.

Arsaces II. king of PartKia, takes
Media from Antiochus, vi. 226. he sus-
tains a war with th;jt prince, vii. 228. he
comes to an accommodaMon with Antir*-
chus, who leavos him in peaceable pos-
session of his kingdom, ib.

Ar&aine*:, natural son of Artaxerxet
Mneuion, is assassinated by his brother
Ochus, iv. 235.

Arses reigns in Persia after the death




«rOdiiftf IT. t56w B4gou cmamsB turn to
be aMMMUifttod, ib.

Artinoe, daughter of PtolemyLftgus,
is married to Lysiniachua, king ofThrace,
vi. 4. after the death of that prince, her
brother Ceraunus marries her. 36. &tal
sequel of that marriage, ib. she is ban-
ished mto Samothracia, 37.

Arsinoe, another daughter of Ptolemy
Lagus, marries her brotner Ptolemy Phil-
adel|)hus, Ti. 75. death of that princess,

Arainoe, sister and wife of Ptolemy
Phikmietor, vL 161. her death, 166.

Arsinoe, daughter of Ptolemy Auletus:
Cesar's sentence in her favour, viii. 119.
she is proclaimed queen of Egypt, 121.
Caesar carries her to Rome, and makes
her serve as an ornament in his triumph,
124. Antony, at the request of Cleo-
patra, causes her to be put to death, 127.

Arsinoe, wife of Magas. See Apame.

Arsites, satrap of I%rygia, occasions
the defeat of the Persians at the Gran-
icus, V. 18. he kills himself through de>
spair, 21.

Art. See Arts.

Artaban, uncle of Phraates, causes
himself to be crowned king of Parthia,
and is killed soon after, vii. 250.

Artabanes, brother of Darius, endea-
vours to divert that prince from his enter-
prise against the Scythians, ii. 315. he is
made arbiter between the two sons of
Darius, in respect to the sovereignty,
347. his wise discourse to Xerxes upon
that prince's design to attack Greece,
iii. 9, &c.

Artabanus, the Hyrcanian, captain of
the guards to Xerxes, conspires against
that prince, and kills him, lii. 76. he is
kitlea himself by Artaxerxes, ib.

Artabarzanes, after the death of Da-
rius, disputes the throne of Persia with
Xerxes, ii. 347. he continues in amity
with his brother, and lose? his life in his
service at the battle of Salamis, 348.

Artabarzanes, king of Atropatene,
■ubmits to Antiocbus, vi. 155.

Artabazus, a Persian lord,< officer in
fho army of Mardonius, iii. 48. his coun-
sel to that general, ib. he encapes into
Asia after the battle of Plateefe, 50.
Xerxes gives him the connnand of the
coasts of Asia Minor, and with what
view, 64. he reduces the Egyptians, who
had revoltet! against ArUxerxes, 91.
Artabazus, f.^emor of one the

prorineea of Asia for Ochus, revo.cs
against that prince, iv. 240. supported
by Chares the Athenian, he gains several
advantages, ib. he is overpowered, and
retires mto Macedonia, ib. Ochus re-
ceives him again into favour, 256, &c.
his fidelity to Darius, v. 106.

Artagerses, officer of Artaxerxes Mne-
mon, is kdlled in the battle of Cunaxa,
iii. 301.

Artainta, niece of Xerxes, iii. 57. vio-
lent passion of that prince for her, ib.
fatal sequel of that passion, 58.

Artaphemes, governor of Sardis fb*
his brother Darius, wishes to compel the
Athenians to reinstate Hippias, it. 281.
he marches against the island of Naxos*
with design to surprise it, ^4. he is be-
sieged in Sardis by the Athenians, ^8.
he discovers the conspiracy of Histieeus,
329. he marches agamst thf revolted lo-
nians, 330.

Artaphernes, ambassador of Artax-
erxes to the Lacedaemonians, iii. 178.

Artarius, brother of Artaxerxes Longi-
manus, iii. 93.

Artavasdes, king of Armenia, vii. 299.

Artaxerxes I. sumamed Longiraanus,
by the instigation of Artabanes, kills his
brother Darius, and ascends the throne
of Persia, iii. 75. he rids himself of Arta-
banes, 76. he destroys the party of Arta-
banes, 79, and that of Hystastpes his el-
der brother, ib. he gives Theniistoclea
refuge, ib. his joy for the arrival of that
Athenian, 81. alarmed by the conquests
of the Athenians, he forms the design of
sending Themistocles into Attica at the
head of an army, 89. Egypt revolts
against him, 90. he compels it to return
to its obedience, 91. be gives up Inani3
to his mother, contrary to the faith of a
treaty, 92. he permits Ezra to return to
Jerusalem first, and then Nehemiah, 94.
he concludes a treaty with the GreekL,
106. he dies, 179.

Artaxerxes II. sumamed Mnemon, i«
crowned Icing of Persia, iii.'279. Cyrus
his brother attempts to murder him, 280.
Artaxerxes sends him back to his govern*
ment of Asia Minor, 280. he marches
against C3^rus, advancing to dethrone
him, 298, gives him battle at Cunaxa, W
and kills him with his own hand, 301. he
cannot force the Greeks in his brother's
army to surrender themselves to him,
307. he puts Tissaphernes to death, 340.
ho concludes a treaty with the Greek%




555. he attacks Evagoras, king of Cy-
prus, 356, &c. he Judges the affair (^
Tiribaziis, his expeditido against the Ca-
ducians, 363, &c

Artaxerxes sends an ambassador into
Greece to reconcile the states, iv. 206.
ne receives a deputation from the Greeks,
lb. honours which he pays to Pelopidas,
!207. he undertakes to reduce Egypt, 228.
that enterprise miscarries, 230. he medi-
tates a second attempt against Egypt,
"tSl . most of the provinces of his empire
revolt against him, 233. troubles at the
court of Artaxerxes concerning his suc-
cessor, 234. death of that prince, 236.

Artaxerxes III. before called Ochus.
See Ochus.

Artaxias, king <^ Armenia, vii. 82.

Artemidorus invested with the supreme
authority at Syracuse, viii. 2.

Artemisia, queen of Halicamassus,
supplies Xerxes with troops in his expe-
dition against Greece, iii. 21. her cour-
age in the battle of Salamis, 37.

Artemisia, wife of Mausolus, reigns in
Caria after the death of her husband, iv.
248. honours which she renders to the
memory of Mausolus, 249. she takes
Rhodes, 250. her death, 251.

Artemisium, promontory of Euboea^
famous for the victmy of the Greeks over
the Persians, iii. 32.

Artemon, Syrian. Part that queen
Laodice makes him play, vi. 88.

Artistona, daughter of Cyrus, wife of
Darius, ii. 297.

Artoxares, eunuch of Darius Npthus,
forms a conspiracy against that prince,
iii. 182. he is put to death, 183.

Arts. Origin and progress of the arts,
ii. 205. arts banished from Sparta byLy-
curgus, 262. and had in honour at Athens
by Solon, 273.

Artyphiiw, son of Megabyzus, revolts
against Ochus, iii. 181. he is suifocated
in ashes, ib.

Aruspices. See Au^ry.

Arymbas, king of Epirus, iv. SOS.

Asa, king of Judah, defeats the army
of Zara, king of JSthiopia, i. 173.

Asdrubal, Hamilcar's son-in-law, com-
mands the Carthaginian army in Spain,
i. 267. he builds Carthagena, ib. he is
killed treacherously by a Gaul, 268.

Asdrubal, surnamed Calvus, is made

Sisoaer in Sardinia by the Romans, i.

Asdrubal, Haiuubal's brother, com-

mands the troops in Spain after his br<v
ther's departure, i. 272. he receives ordem
from Carthage to march to Italv to tL«
aid of his brother, 301. he sets Ibrward,
and is defeated, 303. he loses a great
battle near the river Metaurus, and ii
killed in it, ib.

Asdrubal, Gisgo's brother, commanda
the Carthaginian troops in Spain, i. 304.

Asdrubal, surnamed Hoedus, is sent by
the Carthaginians to Rome to demand
peace, i. 310.

Asdrubal, Masinissa's grandson, com-
mands in Carthage, during the siege of
that city by Scipio, ii. 18. another A sdrtK
bal causes him to be put to death, 22.

Asdrubal, Carthaginian general, ia
condemned to die; and wherefore, ii. 13.

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