Charles Rollin.

The ancient history of the Egyptians, Carthaginians, Assyrians ..., Volume 8 online

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mands there as pntconsiii, 112. upon the
earnest request of Pompey, he re-estab-
lishes Ptolemy Auletes upon the throne
nf Egypt, 114.



\jrames, pan oi tne religion oi tne an-
cients, i. 43. solemn ^ames of Greece:
ihe Olympic, the Pythian, the Neniaean,
the Isthmian, 44. rewards granted to the



Gadatas, prhwe of Assyria, mAnAa to
Cyrus, ii. 1 12.

Gala, Marinissa's (ather, joins the
Carthaginians against the Romans, ii. 1.

Galatia, or (jraUo-Griecia, a province
of Asia Minor, inhabited by the Gauls
after theur irruption into Greece, vi. 41.

Galba : fine saying of that emperor, v.

Galley. See Ship.

Games, pan of the religion of the an-
cientt • '" •
the<

the Isthmian, 44. rewards era
victors in those saraes, 59. ladies ad-
mitted to dispute me prize in the Olympic
games, iii. 351.

Ganymeties, Ptolemy's eunuch, sup-
plants Achillas, and becomes prime min-
ister of Egypt in his place, viii. 121. his
stratagems against Cesar during his \^ar
in Egypt, ib.

Gaos, admiral to Artaxerxes, revolts
against that prince, and on what occa-
sion, iii. 363.

Gardens. Hknging gardens of Baby
Ion, ii. 51.

Gaugamela, or Camel's hou8«> ^.oc
famous for Alexander's &^/AiQ vicio'-/
over D^iiua. ii. 319.

Gauls. Thev dispute tne passage <fi
the A'.^ts with fiannibal, i. 276, &c ir-
ruption of the Gads into Greece^ vi. 39.
their attempt against the temple of Del
phi, ib.

Gaza, in Palestine, besieged and takec
by Alexander, v. 74. destruction of Gaza
by Alexander Jannaeus, vii. 283.

Gela, city of Sicily, iii. 2C0.

Gelanor, king of Argos, iu 239

Gellias, citizen of A grigentuni, juif lo-
ble use of riches, iv. 102.

Gelon posfsesses himself of supreme
authority at Syracuse, iii. 128. reasons
that prevented him from aiding the
Greeks when attacked by Xerxes, 23.
he defeats Hamikar, general of the Car-
thaginians, i. 220. the Svracusajis pro-
claim him king, iii. 130. h» wise conduct
during his reign, ib. his deaith, 132. rtr
spect which rhe Syracusans retained for
his memory, ib.

Gelon, son of Hiero, espouses the

Kirty of the Ca-thaginians m g:\inst rhe
oiTians, viii. l'\ he dies soon afier, ib.
Genius. Height to which ihe ancients
carried genius, viii. 30.
GepHus, king of Illyrium, bceoonM



itized by Google



OSNERAL IN!DBX



Ml



luspecied by the Romam^ yii. 105. he
makes an alliance with Perseus, 136. he
declares a|[aiii8t the Romans, and im-
prisons their anibassador^y 139. the Ro-
mans send the praetor Anicius against
him, ib. Gt^ntius is obliged to throw him-
self at his feet, and implore his mercy,
140. A nicius sends him to Rome with all
his family, ib.

Geometry. People to whom the inyen*
tion of that science is attributed, i. 151.

Gergiii, sou of Ariazus, one of the six
generals of Xerxes's army, iii. 21.

Gisoo, son of Hamilcar, is punished for
his fiiiiior^s ill success, and is banished,
i. 291.

Gisgo, Carthaginian, endeayours to
suppress the revolt of the mercenaries, i.
269. Spcndius, tlieir general, puts him
to death, 261.

Gis^o endeavours to prevent the Car-
thaginians from acceptinf^ the conditions
of peace proposed by S<npio, i. 310,

Glabri<i (Man. Acilius) obtains Bi-
thynia and Puntus for his province, where
Lucullus commanded before, viii. 90. his
discourse on his arrival augments the
licentiousness of Lucullus*s troops, ib.

Glaucias, king of lUyriuro, takes Pyr-
rhus uiider his protection, and re-estab-
lishf's him in his dominions, vi. 6.

Glauco,a young Athenian, desirous of
havL.g a share in the administration of
tlie public afi*air9, iv. 17. Socrates, in a
conversation, obliges him to own his in-
capacity for them, 18, &c.

Gobryas, an Assyrian nobleman, puts
him««elf and family under the protection
of Cyrus, ii. 112. he puts himself at the
head of a body of troops at the siege of
Babylon, 139. Gobryau enters into the
conspiracy against Snierdis the Magian,
176. his interptetation of the present
given Darius by the Scythians, 319.

Gt>br^as, a Persian nobleman, com-
mands in the army of Artaxerxes at the
battle of Cunaxa,*iii. 299.

God. Answer of Sinionides to a prince
who asked him what Goi> was, iii. 134.
one supreme God acknowledged by So-
crates, iv. 20.

Gordiiim, capital city of Phrygia, fa-
mous for the chariot to which theGordian
knot was tied which Alexander cut, v. 26.
Gorgias, sophist, is sent deputy from
the Leontiiies to Athens, to demand aid
•gainst the Syracosans, iii. 198.
G«rgias, officer of AnliochuB'^ Epi-
V 2



phanes, marehet with Nid'anor agamsl

Judas Maccabasus, vii. 83. his troops
are put to flight, 85.

GorgidaJB, Theban, joins Pelopidas U>
expel the tyrants of Thebes^ iv. 189C

G<M<go, daughter of C ieoroenes : smarf
saying of that child, ii. 327.

Government. Different kinds of govw
emment, iv. 48. which would be tho
most perfect, 49. aim and end of all
government, ib.

Gracchus (Tiberius )<)i8ringuishies him-
self at the siege of Carthage, ii. 26. be-
ing tribune of the people, he proposer a
law concerning the will of Attalus, and
is killed soon after, vii. 243.

Grandees. Example, bow little their
friendship is to be relied on, iii. 17. blind-
ness too common to the great, 75. mis-
taken ambition sufficiently common to the
great, v. 262. See Princes, Kings.

Granicus, river of Phrygia, famous for
the victory of Alexander over the Per^
sians, v. 19.

Gratitude : the principal virtue of the
Egyptians, i. 140.

Greece, Greeks: geographical descrip-
tion of ancient Greece, ii. 233. history
of Greece divided into four ages, 235.
pnmitive origin of the Greeks, 236. diA>
lerent states of which Greece was com-
posed, 238. migrations of the Greeks
into Asia Minor, 242, &c. settlement of
the Greeks in Sicily, iii. 200. manners
and customs of the Greeks, iv. 48. re-
publican government instituted almost
universally in Greece, ii. 244. Monsieur
Bossiiet^s reflections i/pon that kind of
government, v. 210. love of liberty the
-leculiar characteristic of the Greeks,, vir.
01. diflereut kind of troops that com-
posed the armies of the Greeks, rr. 86.
ships, and naval forces, 89. people of
Greece very warlike in all times, 82.
origin and cause of courage and military
virtue amongst the Greeks, 83. religion
of the Greeks, i. 24. of the auguries, 32.
of the oracles,. 34. famous games and
combats of Greece, 43. difference of
taste <^ the Greeks and Romans in re-
spect to public shows, 61. disputes for
the prize of wit, shows, and representa-
tions of the theatre, 64. illustrious men
who distinguished themselves most in
arts and sciences amongst the Greeks, ii.
281. dialects of the Greeks, 244. See
the articles Athenians and Lacedomo-
nians, ibr what rslaAes to ths wars ol



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QBStERAL INDEX.



Oraeee tvkk tiM PenfaM ud MmmA>-

niant. Greeee becomes a Raman prov«
ince, vii. 193. reflectioM ttpoo the causes
of the grandeur, decline, and ruin of
Greece, 197, ttc

Gryiius. See Antiochns Gryfnis.

Gulu^a, son of Masinissa^ divides the
funfaom with hts two brothers sAer his
faiher^s death, ii. 33.

Gygea kills Candaules, king of Lydia,
whose principal officer he was, and as-
oen ts tlie throne in his stead, ii. 82. what
Plato says of his ring, 83.

Gygis, one of Parysatis's women, oon^
fesses the {loisonin^ of Staiira, iii. 325.
ehe is put to death, ib.

Gylippits, Lacedemonian, goes to the
aid of Syracuse, besieged by the Atho.
nians, iu. 220. his arrival in Sicily
changes the face of things, 222. he oblig-
es the Athenians to surrender at discre-
tion, 239. his sordid avarice sullies the
glory of his gr^at actions, 277.

Gymnastic, art of forming the athletae,

GynsRcea, or apartmesits of the ladies
amongst the Greeks, i. 43.

HiEMOs, mountain between Thrmce
end Thessaly, vii. 54.

Hair of Berenice, vi. 90.

Haliartus, city of Bosotia, sides with
Perseus viu 109. the prastor Lucretius
tekes and entirely demolishes it, 122.

Halicamassus, oity of Doris, ii. 235.
iMsiesed and (aken by Alexander, v. 24.

Halyatiea, king of Lydia, ii. 84. war
«f that prince with Cyaxares, 79. he con-
tinues the siege of Miletus begun by his
father, 84. he raises the siege of that
citv, and wherefore, ib

Hamestrts, wife of Teriteuchmes, ui.
281.

Hamilcar commands the army sent by
the Carthaginians into Sicily at the re-
<jue*t of Xerxes, i. 218. it is defeated by
Gelou, tyraat of Syracuse, ib. his death,
ib.

Hamilcar, son of Gyscon, commands
the Carthaginian army against Agaiho-
clos, and j»riiu3 a great victory over him,
i. 231. he fuUs alive into the hands of the
Syracnsans whilst besieging their city.,
236. he IS put Ui death, ib.

Haimlcar, surnamed Barca, eenerai «f
the Carlliaginiana, i. 2o7. boldness and
ability OT that general, ib. be commands
the army against the mercenaries, 262,



and defeata them mt^tttkr, 99^» *» ^P^
to Spain, which he conquers in a short
time, ib. he is killed in a battle, 261.

Hanulcar, surnamed Rhodanu?, a Car-
thaginian, goes into the camp of Alexan-
deKby order of Carthage, i. 238. at his
retim« he is put to death, ib.

Hannibsl,-son of Gisgo, is placed al
the head of the troops sear by the Car-
thaginians into Sicily to th« aid of the
people of Segesta, i. 220. actions of that
general in Sicily, ib. he dies there of 'he

iiannibal commands the Carthatginian
fleet, and is defeated by the consul Dui-
lius, i. 243. he besieges tue mercenanes
in Tunis, 263. he falls into their hands
and is crucified, ib.

Hannibal, surnamed the Great, at nine
years of age goes with his fsither, who
was sent to command in Spam, i. 368.
he is appointed to command there after
AsdrubaFs death, 269. after several con-
quests he besieges Saguntum, 270, &nd
takes il, ib. he prepares for his march
into Italy, 271. Ke goes to Cadix, and
with what view, ib. he begins his march,
273. his expeditions as far as the Rhone,
ib. he passes thai river, ib. his march
afterward, 274. he passes the Alp«, 276.
he enters Italy, 279. he defeats ihe Ro-
mans near the river Ticinus, 280. ther
at IVebia, 282. he niarch<»s to Tuscany
284. he loses an eye hi passins; the Ap
enniues, 285, he gains a battle near the
lake ofThra8vmenus,287. Ke coiicUides
a treaty with Philip, and sends ambassa-
dors to him, vi. 193. his conduct in re-
gard to Pabms, i. 287, hts manner of
extricatiflo himself from the wrong step
he had taken at Cassilinunv,290. he gains
a famous victory near C annas, 294, &c
he sends deputies to Carthage with the
news of his victory, and to demand rein-
forcements, 295. he winiers al Capua,
296, and suffers the courage of hie troops
to be enervated by the luxury of that
place, 297. he makes a treaty with Hie-
ronymus, viii. 18.— Bad success of
Hannibal, i. 299. he flies to the wd of
Capua, besieged by the Romans, ib. to
make a diversion, he marches snddenly
back against Rome, ib, aflcr vanons at-
tempts, he abandons that enterpri.<«e, 300.
he is recalled into Africa, 3t)5. he has an
interview with Scipio, 307, followed by
a battle in which he is defeated, 308. ha
eacapes to Cartfiage, Ih. ha xsmmm a



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GCNERAJU INDITE.



\ to be eondodfld wHh the Ronmm,
^10. he undertakes and effects the refor-
mation of the courts of justice and finances
at C«urtha^v 313. pursued by the Ro-
mans, he retires to Aniiochus, 316. his
discourse to that pnnce, and the advice
he gives him, 317. he goes into Syria and
Phoenicia to fetch ships from thence, vt.
307. he is defeated at sea by the Rhodi-
ans, 309. he retires first to the island of
Crete, L 320. then to Prusias, ib. he
does that prince great service, ib. be-
trayed by Prusias, he poisons himself^
321. HaiioibaPs character and panegyric,
ib.

Hannibal, yomig Carthaginian, sent to
Hieronymas by Hannibal the Great, viii.
18.

Hanno, citizen of Carthage, forms the
design of making himself master of the
commonwealth, i. 230. tie is discovered
and punished, ib.

Hanno, Carthaginian^ is placed at the
head of the troops against Agathocles,
i. 233. he is killed in battle, ib.

Hanno, general of the Carthaginians,
is defeated by the Romans ilear ihe isl-
ands Agates, i. 25& the Carthaginians
give him the command of their troops
against the mercenaries, 260. the com-
Duuid is taken from him, ib. the Cartha-

S' ntans place him again at the head of
eir troops, 263. Hanno opposes in vain
the-andertaking of the second Punic war,
268.

Hanmodius conspires against the ty-
rants of Athens, ii. 277. his death, ib.
statues erected in honour of him by the
Athenians, 279.

Harmonta, wife of Themistiis, is put to
death by order of the people of Syracuse,
▼iii. 23.

Hiu'pagns, officer of Astyages, is or-
dered by that prince to make away with
Cyru!^, ii. 164. rage of Astyages upon
discovering that Harpagus had disobeyed
his orders, and the revenge he takes on
him, ib.

Harpalus, governor of Babylon for
Alexander, quits the service of that prhice,
and retires to Athens, v. 179. he succeeds
in bribing Demosthenes with his presents,
181. the Athenians drive Harpalus out
of their oity, ib.

Harpates, son of Tiribazos, assassi-
Bates Anames by order of Ochus, iv.

HMfttaNifi cne of Aleaiidai'e offlcera^



causes Attalas to be assassfaiated by that
prince's order, v. 9. '

Hegelochus^ Physcon's general, defeats
the Alexandrians, and takes their general
Marsyas prisoner, vii. 2di.

Ucgesipyla, wife of Miltiades, and
mother ot Cinion, ii. 333.

Hegetortdes, Thasian, exposes his life
for the safety of his city, besieged by the
Athenians, rii. 88.

Helena, daughter of Tyndarus, and
wife of M«ieians, carried away by Paris,
son of Priam, king of Troy, ii. 241.

Helenus, son of Pyrrhus, accompanies
his father to the sieae of Argos, vi. 70.
he enters the city with a body of troops,
which occasions a confusion, m which nis
father perishes^ ib.

Hele^lis, machine of war invented by
Demetrius, v. 301.

Helicon of Cysicus, mathematician, iv.
145.

Heliodorus, prime-minister to Seleucut
Philopator, goes to Jerusalem to take
away the treasures of the tempTc, vii. 58.
ckasrisemenf which be receives from God
on that account, 59. he poisons Seleucus
and usurps the crown, 60. he is expelled
by Eumenes, 61.

Heliopolis, city of the Lower Egypt,
famous for its temple dedicated to the
sun, i. 132. fiurious actions of Cambysea
there, 133.

Hellanodicse : name of those who pre-
sided in the athletic games of Greece, i.
48.

Hellen^son ofDeucalion, king o'Tbet
saly, from whom the Greeks derive their
name ^^EAAi^ms, ii. 242.

Hellespont, strait between Europe and
Asia, iii. 16.

Helots. Or^B and condition of the
Hek>ts, i. 95. cruelties of the Lacedie-
monians in respect to them, ii. 263. re-
volt of the Helots against the Lacedae-
monians, iii. 102.

Hemerodromi : runners or couriers
among the Greeks, vi. 239.

Hephaestion, Alexander's favourite:
mistake of the captive princesses in re-
spect to him,v. 43. he receives a wcnnd
at the battle ofArbela, 90. Alexander
makes him marry Darius's youngest
daughter, 178. his death, Alexander's es-
teem for that favourite, 184. extraordina-
ry honours which that prince causes to
be paid him ailer hia death, 186< fcc



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OKNKRAI. INDEX.



Heptanomis, or Middk Egypt ; de-
•cription of it, i. 119.

Heraclen, ciiv of Fontus : iyrvan who
governed it, i. 114. denlructioa of that
city by Cotta, viii. 79.

Heracli*at » ^tulia^ beaieged i
takfu by the corkuI Aciriin, vi. S05.

Hera'clen, wife of Z(»ippU8| of the
(amily of Iliero^ is ntiasaacred, with her
children, by order of the people of Syra-
CHso^ viii. 23.

lleracUdao, or deaoendanta (rom Her»
cuies. Tiiev sHccoed the Atyade in the
king lom of Lydia, ii. 83. they aeixe Pe-
loi>oriiiH4tis, and are soon after driven otit
or it, 239. thev re-enter Peloponnesus,
end seize Lacei^emon, 243. they endeav-
our to oppose the aggrandizement of the
Athenians, who defeat them in a battle, ib.

Heraclides, minister of Seuthes, king
ef Thrace : his perfidy, iii. 321.

fieracKden, exile of Syraeu8<>, comes to
the aid of his country against Dionyafuts
tv. 132. the Syracusans choose him ad-
miral, :b. his envy of Dion, 153. he is
obliged to call ifflXon to the aid of Syra^
ciise, 157, and \o put himself into his
hands, 158. Dion restores him the com-
mand in chief by sea, 159. Heradides
renews his intrigues against Dion, ib.
Dion <8 obKced to aofTer him to bo killed,
161.

HenrcUden, PhiHp'a mini»ler, his ohar-
acter, vi. 246. Philip sacrifices hrim *o
gain the affection of the Maoedeniana, ib.

HeracUdeH, <if Byzantium, is d*^iited
by Antiochus to Scipio Afriranus, vi. 312.
' HiYik slides, treasurer of the province of
Babylon, is baniahed by Demetrius Soter,
vii. 223. he is appointed by Ptolemy,
Atta)>i«, and Ariarathes to prepare Alex-
ander Bnla for personatins the son of An-
tiochiis Cpiphanoi:, in ortW to his reign-
ing instead of Demetriuis 226. he carries
him to Rome, where he succeeds in
causing him -to be acknowledged king of
Syria, ib.

/2erbea.<ius, city of Sicily, iv. 109.

Herculos, son of Jupiter and Aicmena,
mibjected tf» Eurystheus fay the fraud of
Juno, ii. 239.

Hercnlc;, son of Alexander and Barsi-
na, V. 219. is put to death by Polysper-
<rh/)ri, 282.

Fieri pidas, Spartan ; his too rigid ex-
actness compels Spithridates to abandon
he party of the Lacedemonians, iii. 341. 1

Hermiaa, Carian, is dedarod prime]



miniator of Antioefaiistho Great, vi. 150l
hia character, 161 . he i^movea Epigcnes,
the moat able of AnUochus's generals,
164. Aiitiochua causes him to be aaaaa-
nnated, ib.

Hermocrales, Syracuaan, eaooqragea
bia citizens to defend themselves a vaiiist
the AtboDimns, iii. 216. heis elected gen-
eral, ib.

Hormolaus, officer in the train of Alex-
ander, conspires agamst that prince, v.
143. b« is discovered and punished, ib.

Herod, Idiimiean, is made governor of
Galilee, viL 293. he escapes from Jeru-
salem, to avoid falling into the hands of
the Parthiana, ib. he ms to Rome^^nd
is declared king of JuMsa bv the senate,
294., he forms the siege of Xerusalem, ib.
he goes to Samaria, and eapousea Mari-
amne, ib. he makes himself master of
Jeraaalero, and ascends the thrmie <rf' Ji^
dea, 295.

Nerodicus, one of the nrincipal peraoni
of Thesaaly : unhappy late of that prince
and bis faniilj^ vii. 39.

Herodotus, Greek historian : hia birth,
iii. I. applausea ^hich he received at the
Olympic games <m reading hia hiatory
thero, i. 64.

Herodotus, friend of Deroetriua, aon of
Philip, is seized on that princess aoeouo*,
vii. 64. he is put to the rack, and di« i
under the torture, 66.

Heroes. Times most farooua for tht
history of the heroes, ii. 240. description
of mftst of the heroes so onich boasted of
in history, ii. 163.

Hesiod, Greek poet>, ii. 282.

Hezekiah, king of Judah, is cured mi-
raculou^, ii. 62. he shows the ambat-
saders of the king tif Babylon his riches
and his palace, 63. God menaces him
by his prophet, ib. aoeomplishiMent of
those threats, 66.

Hidames, Pensian of great quality, Sta-
tira's father, iii. 281.

Hiompsni, son of Micipsa,king of Nu-
midia, ii. S^. Jugartha causes him to be
munlered, 37.

Hierax, of Antioch, becomes prime
minister to Physcon, vii. 239. that prince
puts him to death, 240.

Iliero f . brother «jf Gek)n, reigns after
him in Syracuse, iii. 132. h^s character,
133. auspicions which lie forms agaiii^
his brother, ib. heettracts learned men
about him, ib. his goodneaa to the chi^
drenofAnaatilmia, 1S6. Ms death, ik



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GENERAL INDEX.



WtB



BiwA n. His birth, viit. 1. he it dto-
BCD captain-general of the Syracuiians, 2,
and soon after elected king, 3. he quits
the party of the Carthaginians, and es-
pouses that of the Romans, 4. he aids the
former against the mercenaries, 5. his
pacific reign, ib. he particularly favours
agncultur**,6. distinguished protifs which
he gives of his attachment to the Romans
in the second i Punic war, 8, 9. he takes
atlvantage of the skill of Archimedes, who
makes abundance of machines of war for
him for the defence of a place, 1 1. f^alley
v« hich Archimedes builds for him, 13. ho
dies at a great age« much lamented by
his people, 15.

Hierocles, father of Hiero, causes his
son to be exposed, and then to be brought
back to his houde, where h« ed<*oates him
with great rare, viii '

Uieroglyphi'*.« . sigmficatiOQ of the
word. •'-;(/.

ziieronymus, Hiero^s grandson, reigns
■SiHt nitn at SyraCN^:e, and by his vices
caujgf^s riiro to bemiirh regretted, viii. 16,
i'l, oe makes an alliance wah Hannibal,
18. ne 18 killed in a conspiracy, ib. ^

Hierophanies : name given the person
«vho presided at the ceremony of the feast
of£ieu8i8,i.29.

H imera, city of Sicily ; its foundation,
ju. 200. IIS destruction, i. 218.

Hiinereus, brother of Demetrius Phale-
"eus, 18 delivered up to Antipater, who
Duts him to death, v. £28.

Hmuicon, Carthaginian general, comes
X* Sicily to drive the Romuis out of it,
vm. 30. he perishes there, 33.

Hippacra, city of Africa, refuses at first
to join the mercennries, i. 259, and joins
thein aflerwards,261.

Hipparchuit, son of Pisistratus, governs
at Athens af\er bis father's death, ii. 276.
his taste f<>r literature, ib. he is killed in
the conspiracy of Harmodius and Aristo-
giton, 277.

Hipparinus, brother of Dionysius,
drives Caiippus out of Syracuse, and
reigns there two years, iv. 163.

Hippias, son of Pisistratus, retains the
sovereignty after the death of his father,
ii. 277. he finds means to frustrate the
conspiracy formed by Harmodius and
Arii<lo{;iton, ib. he is coinfielled to quit
AtticH, and soes t» settle in Phrygia, 279.
he takes refuge in Asia with Artapbcmes,
£81. he engages the Persians in the war
•foinat the Greeks, and Mnres tlicm as



a guide, 838. ho ig kiRed at Martthon,
fighting against his country, S41.

Hippocrates, famous phvsician: hu
great abilir)', ii. £10. his disinterested-
ness, iii. 164.

Hippocrates, native of Carthage, is
sent by Hannibal to Hieronymu?, and re-
sides at his court, viii. 18. he becomes
one of the principal magistrates of Syrnr
cuse, 23. he marehes to the aid of Leon-
tium, 24, and is forced to fly, ih. he and
Epicydes possess themselves of all au-
thority at Syracuse, 26. hp makes war
in the field against Marcelluf>, 80. S3, the
plague destroys him and his troopf, ib.

Hipponax, satiric poet, known by his
verses against Bupalus and Atheuis, li.
285.

Holophemes, general for the king of
Assyria, marches against the Israelites,
and besieges Bethulia, ii. 78. Judith cuts
off his head, ib.

HolophcrncA, supposed brother of Ari-
arathes, of Cappaaocia, dethrones him,
and reigns in his stead, vii. 325. he is
driven nut by AttaUis, and ret)rcs to An-
tioch, 326. he enters into a conspiracy
against Demetrius, his benefactor, ih,
that prince imprisons htm, ib.

Homer, famous ))oet, ii. 281, &:e. to
what perfection he carried the species of
poetry to which he applied himself, 282.

Hophra, king of Egypt. See Apries.

Horses : the Horse, or the Knights, a
comedy of Aristophanes, i. 77.

HosrAea, king of Samarin, revohs against
the king of Assyria, ii. 61. he is laden
with chains by Salmanasar, and put io
prison for the rest of his life, ih.

Hyacinthtis : feasts celebrated in hon
our of him at Lacedaemon, in. 45.

Hybla, a city of Sicily, famous for its
honey, iii. 200.

Hydames commands the Persian*
called the Immortals, in the army of
Xerxes, iii. 21.

Hydrant es, a river of India, v. 159.

H.vperbolus, Athenian : his character,
iii. 196. he endeavours to irritate the
people af^iiistNicias and Alribiades, ib.
ne is banished by the ostracism, ib.

Hvpsicrulia, one of the wives of Milh
ridat'es : her masculine courage, viii. 96.

llyrcanians, people in the neighbour*
hood of Babylonia, subjected by^Cyrus,
ii. 109.

Hvrcanus, son of Joseph, is sent by
his lather to the court of Alexandria, tr



vGoogk



IMtOtRAL niDftX.



: ihm Uag upon the birth of
hit MMi PhUometor, vii. 14. he distin-
fuishes himself there bj his addrees and
■wfnificence, IS.

Hyrcanus (John), son of Simon, is d^
dared hifVpriest and prince of the Jews
after his father's death, vii. S46. he is be-
sieged by Antiochu!* Sidetes in Jerass"
lein, ib. and surrenders by capitulalioii,
ib. he renders himself abjoiuie and ind^
pen'ient, 949. he renews the treaty with
the Romans, 2a2. he anipnenta his power
in JiMlaea, 268. he takes Samaria, and



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