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The ancient history of the Egyptians, Carthaginians, Assyrians ..., Volume 8 online

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city, ib.

Larissa, city of Thessaly, ii. 234.

Lasthenes, chief magistrate of Olyn-
thus, puts that city into the hands of
Philip, iv. 293.

Lasthenes, of Crete, supplies Deme-
trius Nicator with troops for ascending
the throne of Syria, vii. 229. his bad
conduct makes that prince commit many
faults, 231.

Lathyrus. See Ptolemy Lathynis.

Laws. Origin and institution of lawsi
i. 136. laws of th^gyptians, 136. laws
of Crete, iv. 66. laws of Sparta, ii. 246.
laws of Athens, 266.

Leaping: exercise amongst the Greeln,
i.63.

Legkm, Roman : soldiers of wluch it
was composed, i. 292.

Legislators, famous ones of antiquity:
Draco, ii. 266. Solon, ib. Lycurjtus, 246.
Charondas, iii. 142, ^aleucus, 143.

Leiex, first king of Lacedtemonia, U.
241.

Lentiscufl, son of Ptolemy, is taken
prisoner by Demetrius, and sent back ts
his father by that prince, v. 292.

Lentulus is sent to Thebes by the Ro-
man", to have an eye over Ba>f»tia, dur-
ing the war with Perseus, vii. 111.'

Lentulus, consul, is ordered to reii^
state Ptolemy Aiileies upon the thnme,
vii'u 109. is prevented from executing that



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■umiiiiiiliB ty ft pmi^ti <racto of tW
Sibyls, 110.

Leon, CormtWui, dt/haida the citadel
of Syracuto against loMM and Uie Car^
tbaffuiiaoa, i^. 172.

£eoii, Athenian, ia sent deputy with
Tiniagoraa to the court of PeraM^ and
accusea his coUeaAia at bis return, iv.
M7.

Leonatui, one of Alexander'a captains:
provinces that fell to him after that
prince's death, ▼. 218. be marches to the
aid cif AntipatM', besieged in Lamia, 2S4.
be is killecf in battle, ib.

L«uiii(las, covernor of Alexander, v. 2.

I^eonkla* L king of Sparta, defends
the paw of ThermopyliB with unparalleled
bravery ajrainst the mnumerable army of
Xerxes, iii. 28. he b killed there, 29. the
Ldtcedsemoniana erect him a SMgnificent
monument, ib.

Leonidas |I. reigns at Sparta, jointly
with Aeis, Vi. 113. he oppos/n the de-
aignu of that prince, 116. he is divested
of the sovereignty, 119. he escapes to
TegflDa, ib. he is recalled, and replaced
upon the throne, 121. he lays snares for
Agis, 123, and puts him to death, 125.
he obligos the wife of that prince to mar-
ry his son Cleomenes, 126. death (^Le-
onidas, 127. his character, 113.

Leontides, polemarch of Thebes, puts
the citadel of that place into the hands <^
the LacedoBinonians, iv. 181. he impris-
ons Ismenias, who was his opponent, ib.
he sends persons to Athens to assassinate
the principal exiles, 184. Pdopidas, at
the nead of the conspirators, lulls him,
188.

Leontinm, a city of Sicily, iii. 200.

Leontius, Philip's general, insults Ara-
tus jtrossly at a feant, vi. 184. ne is se-
curity for the fine laid on Megaleas upon
the same accotmt, ib. Philip takes the
command of his troops from him, and
puts him to death, 187, &c.

Leosthenes, Athenian, informs Athens
of Alexandor's death, and animates them
to throw off the Macedonian yoke, v. 221.
he is placed at the head of the Greeks
leagued aj^inst Antipater, ib. his glori-
ous exploits, 223. he receives a wound
at the siege of Lamia, 224, and dies soon
after, ib.

Leotychides, king of Lacedaemonia, in
conjunction with Xantippus the Athenian,
gains a famous victory over the Persians
near Mycale^ iii. 66.



At



LM^reUte, MM of TiiiMa« wife eT
Agis, passes lor the son of AlcilMsdes,
aiMl for that reason is excluded the throne,
ui.21C

Leptines, brother of Dionysius, is poi
to flight by the Carthaginians, with the
fleet under his command, iv. 118. he is
banished, 190, and soon after recalled,
ib. he is killed in a battle, 131.

Leptines kills Calippus, Dion's mur-
derer, iv. 16S.

Leptines, tyrant of Apollonia, surren-
ders himself to Timdeon, who sends him
to Corinth, iv. 175.

Leptines, Syrian, kills Octavius the
Roman ambassador, vii. 222. I>emetriui
delivers him ap to the senate, S25.

Leptines, Syractisan, Hiero's fitther*
in-law, viii. 2.

Lesbos, iriand of Greece, ii. S35. re>
volt of that island a|rsinst the Atfaeniaa^
iii. 164. the Athenians reduce it to its
former obedience, 167.

Letters. Invention of letters iMtHigfai
into Greece by Cadmus, i. 169.

Leuoon, king in the Bosphonis: mutoai

inerosity between that prince and the

Athenians, iv. 267.

Leuctra, small town of Boeotia, famow
for the victory of the Tbebans over the
Lacedceranaians, iv. 197.

Levinus, Roman consul, defeated by
Pyrrhus, vi. fiO.

Levinus (M. Valerius) is sent into
Greece and Macedonia, in quality of
prsBtor, to oppose the enterprise of Philip,
vi. 197. enemies whom he excites against
that prince, 198^ &c.

Lewis XV. king of France. Gloriooa
testimony which that prince renders the
French nation, vii. 8, &c.

Library. Famous libraries of antiquity;
at Alexandria, i. 135. at Athens, ii. 27*6.

Libya, part of Africa, vii. 313. war ot
Libya, or of the mercenaries, i. 257.

Licinius, consul, is sent into Macedo-
nia against Perseus, vii. 105. he encamps
near ttie river Peneus, 115. he is defeated
in a battle, 117, &c. and afterwards gains
some advantaees over Perseus, 122.

Licinius (C.) the consul's brother,
commands the Italian cavalry m his bro>
therms army, vii. 117.

Light-house of Alexandria, i. 134.

Liguras, one of the generals of Aotio>
chus the Great, makes that prince mas-
ter of the city of Sardis, vi. 1 64.

laguria, provntoe of Ita^, viL 180



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'ts inbabiUnts subjected to those of Mai^
•eilles, by the Romans, ib.

Lilybsuni, city of Sicily, besieged by
the Roman9, i. 252.

Lines of circumvallation and contra-
▼allation amonsst the ancients, iii. 162.

Lioness, or Lecena, name of a courte*
«an. Statue erected in honour of her by
the Athenians, ii. 279.

Lissus, city of Illy ria: siege and taking
of that city by Philip, vi. 197.

Livius, consul, is sent into Cisalpine
Gaul, to oppose the entrance of Asdru-
bal into Italy, i. S02. he defeats that gen-
eral in a great battle, 303.

Loans, law concerning them among
the Egyptians, i. 139. in what manner
such as lived by borrowing were con-
sidered amongst the Persians, ii. 187.

Lotus, an Bgyptian plant of which they
made bread, i. 157.

Love. Care of the ancients to avoid
admitting any thing into their dramatic
poems relating to love, i. 75. Conjugal
love, model of it, vi. 123.

Lucretius, praetor, commands the Ro-
man fleet sent against Perseus, vii. 111.
he besieges Haiiarlus, a city of Bceotia,
takes and demolishes it entirely, 121, 122.

Lucullus commands the Roman fleet
sent against Mithridates, and gains two
great victories over that prince, viii. 61.
be is elected consuL and charged with
the war against Mithridates, 69. he ob-
liges that prince to raise the siege of Cy-
xicum, 71, and defeats his troops, ib. he
gains a complete victory over him, 73,
and obliges him to take refuge with Ti-
granes, king of Armenia, 75. he sends
an ambassador to demand Mithridates,
ib. he regulates the aflairs "of Asia, ib.
&c. he declares war against Tigranes,
77, and marches against him, 79. he be-
sieges Tigranocerta, Si), he gains a great
victory over Tigranes, 81, &c. and takes
Tigranocerta, 84. he gains a second vic-
tory over the joint forces of Mithridates
and Tigranes, 87. his army refiises to
obey him, 88, 89. Pompey is sent to com-
mand in his stead, 91. Lucullus returns
to Rome, and receives the honour of a
triumph, 94. his character, 90. means
which he used for acquiring the knowledge
of the art of war, 61.

Lusitania, part of ancient Spain, i. 214.

Lutatius, consul, defeats the fleet of
the Oluthaginians, and puts an end by
thitnclory lo the first iSinic war, i. 256.
X 2



Luxury. Fatai eflfects of luxury^
amongst the ancients, ii. 222, &c. almost
always attended with the ruin of states^
22S.

Lycidas, Athenian, votes for having ths
proposal of Mardonius heard, iii. 46. be
IS stoned, ib.

Lyciscus, deputy from the Acamani*
ans, endeavours to engage the Lacedse*
monians in Philip's party, vi. 199.

Lyciscus, ^tolian, is' accused of hav*
ing treated those with great cruelty who
would not espouse the cause of the Ro»
mans against Perseus, vii. 169. P.
^milius acquits him, ib.

Lycon, Athenian, commander of the
Grecian troops in the armyof Pisuthnes,
is brought into the views of Tissaphemes,
whom he joins, iii. 181.

Lycortas, Polybius's father, is sent
ambassador by the Achsans to Ptolemy
Epiphanes, vii. 14. he is elected general
of the Achsans, and avenges Philopoe*
men's deaUi, 28. he is deputed a second
time to Ptolemy, 35.

Lycurgus, son of Eunomus, king of
Sparta, soverns the kingdom as guardian
to Charilaus, his nephew, ii. 246. he en-
deavours to reform the government of
Sparta, and makes several voyages with
that view, ib. on his return he changes
the form of the government, 247, &c. lie
goes to Delphi to consult the oracle, and
dies voluntarily by abstaining from food,
255. reflections upon Lycurgus's death,
ib.

Lycurgus, Spartan, bribes the Ephori.
and causes himself to be elected km^ or
Sparta, vi. 172. Chile's attempt agamst
him, 176. Lycurjirag flies into ^tolia to
escape the Ephori, and is soon ailer re-
called, 189.

Lydia, country of Asia Minor, i. 22.
kings of Lydia, ii. 82. it is subjected by
Cyrus, 129. the manner in which the
Lydians contracted alliances, 79.

Lying: how much abhorred amongst
the Persians, ii. 187.

Lynceus, king of Argos, ii. 239.

Lyncestes, Alexander, is convicted of
a conspiracy against Alexander the Great,
and put to death, v. I2L

Lysander is appointed admiral by the
Lacedasmonians, iii. 258. he possesses
great influence with Cyrus the Younger,
"260. he beats the Athenian fleet near
Epheeus, 261. his envy of Callicratidas,
wtko is sent to succeed him, 262. he com-



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GSKE&Atf CMDSX.



iMiidlf the fleet of the I*cedn«oiiiani a
eecond time, 270, and gains a famous
TiGtory over the Athenians Bt JEgaspotML"
mos, 272, &c. he take« Athens, 276, Sic
and entirely ch&nges the form of the gov-
ernment, ib. he returns to Sparta, and
•ends thither before him all the gold and
■liver talcen from the enemy, 277. he is
sent to Athens to re-establuh the thirty
tyrants, 288. he strangely abuses his pow*
er, 290. he suffers the Orecian <^ties in
Asia Minor to consecrate altars to him,
ib. up»n the complaint of Pharnabazus,
he is recalled to Sparta, 291. Lysander
accompanies Agesilaus into Asia, 3S3.
he quarrels with him, S34, and returns
to Sparta, 333. his ambitious designs ibr
changinjE the succession to the uirone,
^8. he is killed before Haliartus, which
he was going to besiege, 345. some time
afier his death, the plot he had formed
against the two kings is discovered, ib.
Lysander's character, ib. &c.

Lysander is elected one of the Ephori
at Sparta through the influence of Agis,
vi. 118. he endeavours to make the peo-
ale receive the ordinances of that excel-
tent young king, 117.

Lysandra, Ptolemy's daughter, marries
Avathocles, son of JLysimacbns, vi. 32.
after the murder of her husband she re-
tires to Seieucus, and engages him to
make war against Lysimacnus, ib.

Lysiades, tyrant of Megalopolis, re-
nounces his power upon the remonstran-
ses of Aratus, and makes his city enter
into the Achaean league, vi. 112. the
Achaeans make him their captain-general
three times successively, and then expel
him, ib. he is killed in battle, 128.

Lysias, kinsman of Antiochus Epiph-
anes, is made governor by that prince of
part of his dominions, and preceptor to
Antiochus Eupator, vii. 82. Antiochus
gives him the command of the army
against the Jews, ib. he is defeated by
Judas Maccabaeus, 86. he possesses him-
self of the regency during the minority
of Antiochus Eupato% 214. the govern-
ment jf Coele-syria and Palestine is
sivcn to him, 215. he is defeated by Judas
Maccabsus, 216. he makes peace with
the Jews, 217. he is delivered up to De-
metrius Soter, who puts him to death,
222.

Lysias, one of the Athenian geoerals,
who defeated the Laoedoemonians near



the islands Arginatn, and at thdr ralort
were condemned to die, iii. 264. 268.

Lysias, of Syracuse, a cdebrated ora«
tor, goes to settle at Thurium, iii. 141. he
raises 600 men, to aid the Athenians
against the thirty tyrants, 287. he uflTers
an oration to Socrates for his defence, iv.
261. character of Lysias's s^le, 27.

Lvsicles commands the Athenian army
at Chflsroneat and is defeated by Philip
iv. S20.

Lysimachia, a dty of Thrace, vL 271

Lysimachus, one of Alexander's cap
tains : provinces which fell to htm aftei
Alexander's death, v. 218. he enters into
a league with Ptolemy, Seleucns, and
Cassander, against Antigonus, 2T2. treaty
of peace between those princes, which is
immediately brdien, 274. Lysimachus,
Ptolemy, Cfassander, and Seieucus, enter
into a confederacy against Antigomis and
Demetrius, 812. they divide Alexander's
empire amongst them, vi. 1. alliance of
Lysimachus with Ptolemy, 4. he takes
Macedonia from Demetrius, 1 1 , and di-
vides it with Pyrrhus, 13. he obliges
Pyrrhus soon after to quit it, 14. he
marches against Seieucus, gives him bat-
tle, and is killed, 34.

Lysimachus, Alexander's preceptor,
accompanies that prince in his expedi-
tions, V. 54.

Lysistrata^ comedy of Aristophanes ;
extract from it, i. 78.

Maccabhs. Martyrdom of them,
vii. 77, &c.

Macedonia, Macedonians. Macedonia,
kingdom of Greece, iL 234. origin of the
Macedonians, 237. commencement of
their empire, 243. kings of Macedonia
before Phiftp, iv. 270, &c. reign of Philip,
273, and his son Alexander, v. 8. Alex-
and«^s successors who reiened in Mace-
donia, Cassander, vi. 1. Philip his son,
6. Demetrius Poliorcetes, 9. Pyrrhus,
II. Lvsimachus, 13. Seieucus, S3. Ptd-
emy Ceraunus, 35. Sosthcnes, 38. An-
ligonus Gonatas, 41. Demetrius, son of
Antigonus, 93. Anti^onus Do9<mi, 98.
PhiUp, son of Demetrius, 146. Perseus,
vii. 68. Macedonia is declared free by
the Romans, 158, and some time afVer
reduced into a province of the Roman
empire. 188.

' Machanidas becomes tyrant of Sparta,
vi. 200. he endeavours to subject Peh>>
ponnesos. 210. Phibpflsmen marches



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UEiafiRAL INDEX.



tSft



•niMt Urn, tKSO. Mftch«iiidu 10 dtefeat^
ed and killed in battle, 222.

Madetes, jovemor of the country of
the Uxii for Darius, refuses to surrender
to Alexander, v. 98. that prince Bubdues
and forgives him, ib.

Maj^as, governor of Gyrenaica and Li«
bya, revolts against Ptolem/ Philadel-
phus, and causes himself to be declared
king of those provinces, vi. 76. he causes
orertures of accommodation to be mado
to that prince, andidiefi during the nego-
tiation, 79.

Magas, brother of Ptolemy Fhilopator,
is put to death by his order, vi. 158.

Magi, employed in divine worship
among the Persians, ii. 21$. their rein
gion, 217.

Magistrate. Duty of a magistrate,
viii. 43.

Magnesia, city of Caria, in Asia Mi-
nor, L 21. Artaxerxes gives the revenues
c^ that city to Themisiocles for his sub-
sistence, iii. 82.

Ma^o, Carthaginian general, is sent
into Sicily to make war against Diony-
sius the Elder, iv. 118. alUr various e&
forts he concludes a peace with that ty-
rant, 123. he loses a great battle, and is
killed in it, i. 226.

Mago, son of the former, c<Hnmand8
tlie army of the Carthaginians in Sicily,
and sains a great victory over Dionysius
the Elder, 1. 226. tlie Carthaginians
place him at the head of their troops in
Sicily against Dionysius the Younger,
228. be shamefully abandons the con-^

Suest of Sicily, ib. he returns to Car-
lage, and kilb himself through despair,
ib.

Mago, Carthasinian general, is placed
at the head of the fle^t sent to aid the
Romans against Pyrrhus, i. 238. he goes
to Pyrrhus in order to sound his designs
in respect to Sicily, ib.

Mago, Hannibal^s brother, carries the
news of that general's victory over the
Romans, at the battle of Cannae, to Car-
thage, i. 295.

Mago, Carthaginian general, is taken
prisoner in Sardinia, i. 299.

Maharbal, Carthaginian officer, en-
deavours to persuade Hannibal to march
directly to Rome after the battle of Can-
nae, i. 294.

{^lahomet. Vulgar report concerning
bis tomb, vi. 85.

Malli, a people of India ; their war



with Aleacaader, ▼. 166. they gubmtt t9
that prince, 168.

Mainertines, people ori^nally of Italy :
they seize Messina, a city of Sicily, i«
240. they are defeated by Pyrrhus, ru
59. a division ans^ amongst thenii
which occasions the first Punic war, i.
240.

Man. Wherein the science of know^
ing mankind consists, iii. SIO. men are
the same in all ages, S12.

Manasseh, king of Judah, is put ia
chains b^ the generals of Esarhaddoo^
and earned captive to Babylon, ii. 64.
he obtains his hberty, and retums to Je-
rusalem, ib.

Mancinus (L.) the consul Piso's lieu-
tenant, engages rashly in a post, from
whence Scipio happi^ extricates him,
ii. 20.

Mandane, daughter of Astyages king
of the Medes, is given in marriage to
Cambyses, king of Persia, ii. 81. she
goes to Media, and carries her son Cv^
rus with her, 94. she retums into Persia,
96.

Mandanis, an Indian philo8<^her, re-
fuses to follow Alexander in his train, t»
162.

Mandroclides, a young Spartan, sup
ports the party of Lysander the Epho
rus, through zeal for the public good, vi.
117.

Manethon, Egyptian priest, author of
the history of the Dynasties <^ Egypt, L
160.

Mania, wife of Zenis, is continued
in the mernment of iEolia after the
death of heriuisband, and causes herself
to be admired fw her conduct, iii. SS6.
she is assassinated with her son, by Mi-
dias, her son-in-law, $27.

ManiUus (M.) consul, is sent against
Carthage in the beginning of the first
Punic war, ii. 14.

ManiliuB, tribune of the people, pre-
pares a decree for appointing Pompe^ to
command the armies against the kmgs
Mithridates and Tigranes, viii. 91.

Manius Cnrius, consul, gains a jgreat
victory over Pyrrhus, and obliges him to
quit ltaly> vi. 63.

Manius Aquilius, consul, terminates
the war against Aristonicus, vii. 244, and
enters Rome in triumph, 245.

Manlius (L.) is appointed consul with
Regulus, i. 244. they jointly gain a great
victorv over the CartMgini^iis, n **



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ornxoLALrnDKL



mmmimBkOif^lh, diqrfotoAinea«ib.

Manliurb recalled, ib.

MMitinea, city of Arcadia, fiunoiM for
the victory of Epaminoodas over the La*
codaNnooianfv aind for that of Philop«B-
men over Maehanidait tynmt of Sparta,
Ti. 22a

Maracanda, capital city of Sogdiana,
•ubmita to Alexander, v. f 25.

Marathon, amall city of Attica, &moii8
f(ir the victoiy of Uie Athemant over the
PeraiaiM, ii. 338.

Marcellut (M.^ consul, it sent into
Sicily to appease the troubles there, viii.
23. actions of MarcelhiB in Sicily, 24. he
forms the siege of Syracuse, 26» theoon*
siderable losses of men and ships, by the
dreadful machines of Archimedes, oblige
him Co turn the siege into a blockaide, ^.
be undertakes several expeditions in Si-
cily, 32. he makes himself master of
Syracuse by means of his intelligence in
the city, ib. &c. he abandons the city to
be plundered, 37. honours which he pays
to the memory of Archimedes, ib. Mw-
cellus, at first as^pretor, and afterwards
as consul, gains several advantages over
Hannibal, i. 297.

Marcius (L. ), Roman knight, preserves
Spain to the Romans by his valour, i 301.

Marcius, ambassador of the Romans
in Greece, has an interview with Perseus
near the river Penens, vii. 106. he re-
turns to Rome, 110. he is sent again into
Gr«eoe, to regulate affairs there, 111.

Marcius Hiilippus (Q.), consul, is
charged with the war agamst Perseus,
vii. 124. be sets out from Rome, and ad-
vances towards Macedonia, 126. after
great faiigues he penetrates into Mace-
donia, and takes several cities there, ib.
&c.

Mardonius, son-in-law of Darius, en-
ters Macedonia with an army, ii. 331.
his ill success obliges Darius to recall
him, ib. he gives Xerxes flattering coun-
sels which induce him to invade Greece,
iii. 8. Xerxes chooses him one of his
generals, 20. that prince leaves him with
a numerous army to reduce Greece, 40.
he causes very advantageous offers to be
made to the Athenians, which are re-
jected, 44. be enters Athens, and burns
what bad escaped when pillaged the year
Defore, 45. he is defeated, uid kiUed at
the battle of PlatasaB, 50.

Mare of Phidolas,"ik 61.

, grandfHlaughtfir of Aristo-



bdloi, uiaiiies Herad thn IdmuBsn, v»
294.

Marius, lieutenant under Metelfais,
sinmlants that general, and causes him>
seir^to be appomted general for termi-
nating the war with Jugurtha in his stead,
iL 40. he geU Jugurtba into his hands,
and makes him serve as an ornament of
his triumph, 41.

Marius (M.), Roman senator, is sent
by Sertorius to the aid of Mithridates,
viii.68. heistakenbyLucttlfa»,andput
to death, 71.

Maroinea, city of Thrace. Cruel treat-
ment of its inhabitants by Philip, vii. 22.

Marriages. Laws conceminjg them
instituted at Athens and Sparta, u. 271.

Marseilles, inhabitants oC Their em-
bassy to Rome, vii. 180. origin of the
people of Marseilles, 181. they settle ia
Gaul, ib. wisdom of their government,
ib. their attachment to the Riomans, 184.
they obtain from the Romans the pardon
of Phocaea, which had been coodemDed
to be destroyed, 244, 245.

Masinissa, king of Nunudia, espouses
the party of the Romans against the Cai-
thacinians, ii. 8. he marries Sophonisba,
and is soon obliged to send her poison,
ib. contests between Masinissa and tbe
Carthasinians, 9. he defeats them in a
battle, 11. he dies, and at his death ap-
points Scipio ^milianus guardian of b^s
children, 19.

Masistes, son of Darius and Atossau
is one of the six commanders -f the anny
of Xerxes, iii. 21. tragical death of Ma-
sistes and his children, 58.

Massaga, city <^ India, besieged and
taken by Alexander, v. 149.

Massiya, Numidian prince, is murdered
in the midst of Rome by Jugurtha's or-
ders, ii. 39.

Mastannabal, Masinissa's son, shares
the kingdom of Numidia with his two
brothers, after the death of their father,
ii.35.

Matho, in concert with Spendhia,
causes the mercenaries to revolt n&iatt
the Carthaginians, i.259. he is placed
at their head, ib. he takes Hannibal pris-
oner, and causes him to be hanged up in
the room of Spendius, 263. he is taken
by the Carthaginians, who execute him,
264.

Mattaniah is placed upon the throne of
Judah in the room of his nephew Jecho*



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GfiN£BAL rniHCX.



i37



IMatttUiiM, Jew, «rtbe sMerdotal race,
rafusea to obey the ordinances of Anti-
ochus, vii. 76. he retires with has fai^y
mto the mountains, to avoid the persecu-
tion, 77. death of Mattathias, 80.

Mausolus, king of C aria, entera into a
sonsptracy against Artazerxes, iv. 234.
he subjects the Rhodians, and the people
of Cos, 248. his death, ib. honours paid
to his memory by Artemisia his wife, ib.

MazsBUS, governor <^ Memphis for
Darius, abandons that city to Alexander,
V. 76. he commands the horse in the
army of Darius at the battle of Arbela,
89. he surrenders himself, and the city
of Babylon, to Alexander, 93. that prince
^ives hun the government of Babylonia,

Mazarus, a Maced(Miian lord, is ap-
pointed governor <^ the citadel of Susa,
by Alexander, v. 96.

Meals : public ones instituted at Crete
and Sparta, ii. 249.

Mecienas, favourite of Augustus, and
patron of the learned, iii. 135.

Medea, h«r means to escape the par-
suit of her father, viii. 74.

Modes, ancient people of Asia, inhab-
iting Medea, ii. 72. history of the king-
dom of the Modes and Pernans united,
134. revolt of the Medes against Da-
rius Nothus, iii. 163. that prince obliges
them to return to their duty, ib. manners
of the Bfledes, ii. 94. manner in which
they contracted alliances, 79.

Media, kinsdom of Upper or Greater
Asia, i. 21. (fescriptioo of that kingdom
by Polybius, vi. 2^7.

Medficuie. Origin and antiquity of
medicine, ii. 208.

Medon, son of Codnis, is placed at
the head of the commonwealth of Athens,
under the title of Archon, ii. 240.

Megabates, a Persian nobleman, occa-
sions the failure of the enterprise of the
Persians against Nazos, through jealousy
<^ Aristagoras, ii, S24.

Megabyzus, governor of Thrace for
Darius, occasions the permission that
|mnce had given Hystieus to build a city
m Thrace to be revoked, ii. 320. he sends
deputies to demand earth and water of
AnivntaB,S22. insolence of those deputies
at the court of Amyntas, and revenge



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