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The ancient history of the Egyptians, Carthaginians, Assyrians ..., Volume 8 online

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ti^en on them by the sons of that prince,

Megabyzus, son of Z >pyrus, is one
tiw six generals of the army of X<

iii. 21. bediieoverf the plot Ibmed Irf
Artabanes against Artaxerzesf76. he is
charged by that prince with the war
against the revolted Egyptians, 91. he
subjects the Egyptians, and promises to
spare their lives, 93. Megabyzus, in de-
spair on seeing the Egyptians put to
death, contrary to the faith of the treaty,
revolts against Artaxerxes, 93. he defeats
two armies s^n against him by that
prince, ib. he is restored to favour, and
returns to court, ib. Artaxerxes's jealousy
of Megabyzus at a hanting^match, ib.
death <^ Megabyzus, ib.

Megacles, son of Alcmeon, puts him-
self at the head of one of the factions that
divided Athens in Solon's lime, ii. 273.
his marriage with Agarista, daughter of
Clisthenesj ib. he drives Pisistratus out
of Athens, and soon after recalls him, 276.
he is obliged to quit Athens, ib.

MegacHM, friend of Pyrrhus, vi. 50.
that prince in a battle gives his mantle
and arms to Mepcles, and disguises him-
self in his, ib. Megacles is wounded and
unhorsed in the battle, }b.

Megadates is appointed viceroy of
Syria by Tigranes, and governs that
kingdom fourteen years, vii. 267. Tigra-
nea recalls him from thence, viii. 87.

Megaleas, Philip's general, devotes
himself entirely to ApeHes, that prince's
minister, vi. 178. he insults Aratus, in
concert with Leontios, at the breaking up
of a feast, 184. Philip imprisons him.
and then sets him at liberty upon giving
security, ib. his bad designs against
Philip are discovered, 188. he kills him-
self to avoid a trial, and execution of sen-
t^mce upon him, ib.

Megalopolis, city of Arcadia, iv. 247.
Aratus makes it enter into the Acheean
league, vi. 112.

Megara, city of Achaia, its foundation,
ii. 243. that city enters into the Achtean
league, vi. 108.

Megistones, Lacedaemonian captain,
is sent by Cleomenes to the aid of Arjeos,
and is killed fighting in that city, vi. 135.

Melilus, Athenian orator, accuses So-
crates, iv. 26. success of that accusation,
32. he is condemned to die, 33.

Mdon,Theban,is appointed Boeotarch
• ~ • '• "" 189.

liau, ifliCOVUi^he favout

0#KliMa|tiwl^ntiy. Hy takf^n



toWrius's genewlifrom fi|rbting<l

rree Lmary,\




ofUieOnfllcaiiT. 18. iMtiwoimiliiaiMlf

into Miletus, and defiBiid* that place
acainst Alexander, 32. be defends the oiu
9f Halicarnassus against that prince, 23.
be transports the inhabitants of that city
to the bland of Cos, 24. he advises Da-
ritts to carry the war into Macedonia, 26.
that prince (pves the execution of that en-
torprtseto him, and makes him generalis-
si ino, ib. Memnon besieges MUyleue, and
dies before that place, 27.

Memnon. Memnon*s statue in The-
baiii. Wonders related of it, i. 119.

Memphis, city of l^gypi: its founda-
tion, i. 163. taking of that city by Cam-
byses, ii. 167, and aAerwards by Alex-
ander, ▼. 76.

Memphitis, son of Riyscon and Cleo-
patra, is murdered by his fiither, cut in
pieces, and sent to his mother, vii. 2.'iO.

Menander, Athenian, is madecoUea^e
to Nicias, who had the command in Sici-
ly, iii. 227. he forces that ceneral to en-
cage in a sea-fight, in which he is worsted,
229. is partly the cause of the defeat
of the Athenians near ^gospotamos,

Menander, comic poet, change which
he introduced in comedy, L 82.

Menander, one of Alexander's cap-
ta'ms : provinces that fell to him afler that
prince's death, v. 218.

Mendes, city of Egypt, iv. 232. a

Srince of that city disputes the crown with
fectanebus, ib. he is defeated and taken
prisoner by Agesilaus. ib.

Menccrates, ridiculous vanity of that
physician, iv. 331.

Menelaus, Ptolemy's brother, is de-
feated by Demetrius, and obliged to re-
tire into Salamis, v. 291. he surrenders
himself at discretion to Demetrius, who
sends him to his brother without ransom,

Menelaus supplants Jason his brother,
h'loh-priest of the Jews, and obtains his
office, vii. 64. Jason drives him out of
Jerusalem, 67. Antiochus reinstates him
in the high-priesthood, 68.

Menes, or Misraim, first king of Egypt,
i. 161.

Menon commands the Thessalian
troops of Cyrus's army in that prince's
expedition against his brotW^j^suUerxes,
iii. 296. Tj iw^hg y n gs- seizes him wkb
the othe^^ffrcAk •ener<d^tJ^ft!l^a<^ery^
and puts hiipittt^MUik Vil^'Menon's
eharai^ter 312*

Menostaoea, nephew to ArtMxtnm
Lonsimanus, ia defeated and put to f&ghl
by Megabysus, iii. 93.

Mentor, Rhodian, is sent by Nectane-
bus into Pbcenicia to support the rebels
there, iv. 261. he is confounded on the
approach of Ochus, 253. he puis the city
of Sidon into that prince's han^ m,
Ochus gives him the command of a de-
tachment of his army against Egypt, 254.
Mentor's actions in Egypt, 265. Ochus
makes him governor of aJl Uie coast of
Asia, and declares him generalissimo cf
all the troops on that side, 257. Mentor's
conduct in his government, ib.

Menyllus commands the Macedonian
garrison, which Antipater pots mto Mu
nychia, v. 227. Cassander takes the com
mand of that fortress fi-om him, 246.

Mercenaries. War of the mercenariea
against the Cartha^nians, i. 257.

Mercury, Egyptian, to wh<mi Egypt
was indebted for the invention of ahuost
all the aits, i. 165.

Mericus, Spaniard, defivers up one of
the gates of Syracuse to Marcellus in the
nifiht, viii. 36.

MermnadsB, race of the kings <^L«ydia,
ii. 82.

Merodach-Baladan, king of Babylcm,
sends ambassadors to Hez^iah, to con-
gratulate him upon the recovery oif his
health, ii. 60.

Meroe, daughter of Cjnrus, becomes
wife of her brother Carobyses, ii. 170.
tragical death of i hat princess, 171.

Messabates,. eunuch, cuts oflTthe bead
and hand of Cyrus the Toun^ by order
of Artaxerxes, iii. 302. punishment in-
flicted on him by Parysatis, 324.

Messengers, or letter-carriers, estab-
lished by the University of PSris, it.

Messenia, a country of Pelopponnesos.
i. 98.

Messenians. First war between the
Messenians and Lacedemonians, i. 98.
the Messenians defeat the army o€ the
Ladedaemonians near Ithome, ib. &c.
they submit to the Lacedaemmfiians, 102.
second war between the Messenians and
Lacedflsmonians, ib. the Messenians are
at first victorious, ib. then defeated, 104.
they are reduced to the condition cf the
Helots, ib. they are reinstated by the
Thebans, iv. 203. troubles between the
Messenians and Acheans, vii. 26. the
Messenians put Philopoemen to death.





TB, they «re subjected hj the Acheaos,
ib. fault of the M esaenians, which occa-
sioned all their misibrtunea, iv. 203.

Messinai or Measana, city of Sicily, i.

Metellus, {Li.), consul, is charged with
the war against Jugurtha, ii. 39. he is
supplanted by Marius, 40. he enters
Rome in triumph, ib.

Metellus (Q. Cscilius), Roman prae-
tor, defeats Andriscus, vii. 187, and
sends him prisoner to Rome, ib. he re-
duces another adventurer, named Alex-
ander, ib.

Methone, city of Thrace, destroyed by
Philip, iv. 286.

Methon, astronomer, counterfeits the
madman, and wherefore, iii. 199.

Metrodorus, of Scepsis, goes ambassa-
dor for Mithridates to Tigranes, riii. 79.
Miihridates puts him to death, ib.

Metrodorus, painter and philosophy,
is given to Paulus ^milius by the Athe-
nians for a tutor to bis sons, vii. 156.

Micipsa succeeds his father Masinissa
in the kingdom of Numidia, ii. 35. he
adopu Ju^lha his nephew, and makes
him co-heir with the rest of his children,
S6. Micipsa's death, ib.

MicythuB, guardian of the children of
Ana^icifaus. Prudence of his administrar
tion, iii. 136.

Midias, son-in-law of Mania, assas-
sinates his mother-in-law and her son, in
order to possess himself of her riches and
fNkvemnrMHit, iii. 327. he is deprived of
them by Dercylbdas, ib.

Miletus, city of Ionia, ii. 32. cruelties
acted by Lysander at Miletus, iii. 291.
Miletus besieged and taken by Alexan-
der, V. 23.

Milo of Crotona, famous athleta, de-
feats the army of the Sybarites, and de-
stroys their cily, iii. 141. extraordinary
strength of that combatant, 145. his vo-
racity, ib. his death, 146.

M'iltiades, Athenian, tyrant of the
Thracian Chersonesns, accompanies Da-
rius in his expedition against the Scythi-
ans, and is of opinion that satisfaction
ought to be made to them, ii. 320. an
irruption of the Scythians into Thrace
obliges him to abandon the Chersonesus,
whither he returns soon after, 322. he
settles at Athens, 333. he commands the
army of the Athenians, and gains a fa-
nous victory at Marathon over the Per^
■ians, 340, &c. moderate reward given

hun by the Athenians, 8^. he sets out
with a fleet to reduce the revolted islands,
and has ill success in the isle of Pares,
344. he is cited to take his trial, and has
a great fine laid upon him, ib. not being
alrie to pay it, he is put in prison, and dies
there, ib.

Miltocythes, Thracian, abandons the
Greeks after the battle of Cunaxa, and
surrenders himself to Artaxerxes, iii.

Mina, Greek money : its value, iv. 77.

Mindarus, Spartan admiral, is defeated
and killed in battle by Alcibiades, iii.

Minerva, goddess, i. 25. famous feast
at Athens in honour of her, ib.

Mines. The product of mines was the
principal riches of die ancients, i. 201.

Minister. Wise lessons for a minister,

Minos, first king of Crete, iv. 56. laws
instituted by him in his kingdom, ib. &c.
hatred of the Athenians for Minos, 61.
cause of that hatred, ib.

Minucius (Marcus) is appointed mas-
ter of the horse to Fabius, i. 287: he
gains a slight advantage over the Car-
thaginians, in that dictator's absence,
290. the people give him equal authority
with the dictator, ib. he engages with
disadvantage, out of which Fabius extri-
cates him, 291. he acknowledges his
fault, and returns to his obedience, ib. he
is killed at the battle of Cannae, 294.

Misael, one of the three young He-
brews, preserved miraculously in the flir-
nace, ii. 68.

Misraim. See Menes.

Mithras^ name given the sun by the
Persians, iii. 283.

Mithridates I. king of Pontus, i. 111.
that prince submits to Alexander, and ac<
companies him in his expeditions, v. 24.

Mithridates II. king of Pontus, flies to
avoid the rage of Antigonus, i. 112.

Mithridates HI. king of Pontus, adds
Cappadocia and Paphlagonia to his do-
minions, i. 112.

Mithridates IV. king of Pontus, i. 112.

Mithridates V. surnamcd Euergetes,
king of Pontus, aids the Romans against
the Carthaginians, i. 112. the Romans
reward him with Phrygia Major, vii. 245.
death of Miihridates, 254.

Mithridates VI. surnaroed Eupator, as-
cends the throne of Pontus, i. 112. the
Romans take Phrygia fimu him, viii. 47




BilKyna, tfter baving ezpetlad tbeir
kioga, lb. Itc he gives his deughter io
iiMLimge to Tigrmnea, king of Aimeaia,
48. epen niptufe between Mtlhridetea
end the RoaieiWt ib. that prinoe gains
some adTantafes over the Roaans, SI.
lie causes all the Romans and Itahans in
Asia Minor to be massacred in one day,
ib. he makes himself master of Athens,

59. two of his generals are defeated by
BvUa, il^ 4tc. and himself by Fimbria,

60. his fleet is also twice beaten, 61. he
has an intcnriew with Sylla, aiod con-
cludes a peace with the Romans^ 63.
second war of the Romans with Mitbri-
dates, under Marena, 65. it subsists only
thiee years, ib.-— -MiUuridales makes a
treaty with Sertorius, viii. 67. he pre-
pares to renew the war with the Ro-
mans, 68. he seizes Paphlaeonia and
Bithyma,69. the Romans send Lucollua
and Cotta against him, ib. Mithridates
defeats Cotta by sea and land, ib. he
forms the siege of Cyzicum, 70. IaicuI-
his obliges him to raise it, and defeats his
troops, 71. Mithridates takes the field to
oppose the progress of Luculhis, 73. he
is entirely defeated, and obliged to fly,
ib. he sends orders to his sisters and
wives to die, 74. be retires to Tirranes,
his SMi-in-law, 75. Tigranes sends him
back into Pootus to raise troops, 79.
Mithridates endeavours to console Ti-
granes after his defeat, 63. those two
princes apply in concert to raising new
forces, 84. they are defeated by Locut-
lus, 87. Mithridates, taking advan-
tage of the misundenstanding in the Ro-
man army, recovers all his dominions, viii.
89, 90. he is defeated on several occa-
sions by Pompey, 95, 96. he endeavours
in vain to find au asylum with "ngranes,
his son-in-law, ib» he retires into the
Bosphorus, 99. he puts his son Xiphares
to death, 101. he makes proposals of

feace to Pompey, which are rejected,
02. he forms the design of attacking the
Romans in Italy, 103. Phamaces nuJces
the army revolt against Mithridates, who
kills himself, 1041 character of Mithri-
Jates, 105.

Mithridates I. king of the Parthians,
defeats Demetrius, and takes him prison-
er, vii. 236. he carries that prince into
his kingdom^ and gives him his daughter
Rhodoguna in marriage, ib.

Muhridates li. sumamed the Oreat^

the throM of Piutlaa after the

death of his uncle Artabanee, vii. 260.
he re-establishes Antiochos Eusebes,
who had taken refiige with him, io his
dominions, 266. he soads an ambassador
to Sylla, to make an alliinee with the
Romans, viii. 47. death of Mithridates,
vii. 298.

Mithridates HI. ascends the throne of
Parthia after the death of Phraates, vii.
299. Orodes his brother dethrones and
puts him to death, ib»

Mithridates, a young Persian lord,
boasts of having given Cyrus the Youn^
er his mortal wound, iii. 301. Parysatis
causes him to be put to death, 323.

Mithridates, eunuch, and great cham-
berlain of Xense, makes himself an ao-
oomelioe in the murder of that prince, iii.
76. ne is put to death by the punishiBent
of the troughs, 79.

Mithridates of Pergamus marches with
troops to the aid of Ciesar in Egypt, viii.

Mithrobarzanes, favourite of Tigranes,
is sent against LucuUus by that prince,
viii. 79. himself and his troops are cut
to pieces, 80, &e.

Mitylene, capital of the isle of Lesbos,
ii. 235. that city taken by the Athenians,
in. 168.

Mnasippus is $ent with a fleet by the
Lacedemonians to retake Coreyra from
the Athenians, iv. 192. he is killed in a
battle, ib.

Mnaskires, king of the Parthians, viL

Mnevis, name of the ox adored in
Eg3^t, i. 133.

Modesty ; traces of it amongst the an-
cients, ii. 82, &c. it was absolutely ne|^
lected at Sparta, 264.

Mceris, kinff of Egypt, i. 163. famous
lake made by him, 124.

Molo is made governor of Media by
Antiochus the Great, vi. 150. he makes
himself sovereign in his province, ib. An-
tiochus defeats him in a battle, 154. he
kills himself in despair, ib.

Moloch, name given to Saturn in
Scripture, i. 192.

Monarchy. Original design of mon-
archy, ii. 73. monarchical the b^t form
of government, 177.

Monima of Ionia : Mithridates carries
her with him in his train, viii. 61. she
marries that prince, 74. tragical death
of that princess, 75.




Monmiieiitt erected by the aoeients to
those who died for their country, iL S43.
what kind of monuments the most dura-
ble, iii. 106.

Motya, city of Sicily, i. 217.
Mummies of Egypt, i. 147.
Mumnuus, consul, is charged with the
war in Achaia, vii. 191. he defeats the
Achseans, 192. takes Corinth, and en-
tirely detndishes it, ib. he preserves the
statutes erected in honour of PhilopoB-
men, 195. noble disinterestedness of
Mummius, ib. he enters Rome in tri-
umph, 197. he goes <m an embassy into
E^pt, Asia, Syria, and Greece, 165.

Murena commands the left wing of
Sylla's army at the battle of Chteronea,
vui. 67, Sylla, on setting out for Rome,
leaves him the government of Asia, 66.
he makes war against Mithridates, 66,
and is defeated, ib. he receives the hon-
our of a triumpn at Rome, 67.

Museum : academy of Uie learned, in-
stituted under that name at AIexan<hia,
yi. 18. description of the building called
Museum, 20.

Music ; to what perfection it was car^
ried by the ancients, ii. 207. the Greeks
considered it as an essential part of the
education of youth, iv. 78. prizes of mu-
sic at the feast of Panathenea, i. 25.

Musicanus, Indian prince: subjected
by Alexander, v. 170.

MycaJe, promontory of the continent
of Asia, famous for the victory of the
Greeks over the Persians, iii. 55.

Mycene, city of Peloponnesus, ii. 2S9.
kinga of Mycene, ib.

Mycerinus, king of Egypt, i. 171.
mildness of his reign, ib.
Myron, Athenian sculptor, i. 52.
Myronides, general of the Athenians,
defeats the Spartans near Tanagra in
ficeotia, iii. 101.

Myrto, supposed second wife of Soc-
rates, fi^ra whom he had much to suffer,

Mycellus, general of the Acheans,
founder of Crotonia, iii. 140.

Mysteries. Feasts of the less and
^eater mysteries celebrated at Athens,
m honour of Ceres Eleusma, i. 28.

Nabarzanss, general of the horse in

the army of Darius, in conjunction with

Bessus, oetrays that pw-ince, v. 103, &c.

be retires into Hyrcania, 105. he surren-


dera himself to Alsxander gpon hit prom
ise, 113.

Nabis makes himself tjrraat of Sparta,
vi. 224. instances of Jus avarice and
cruelty, 225. Philip puts Argos into h»
hands by way of deposit, 257. Nabis de-
clares for the Romans against that prince,
ib. the Romans declare war against him,
275. Q. Flaminihus marches against
him, 276. besieges him in Sparta, 278.
obliges him to sue for peace, 280, and
grants it him, ib. Nabis iM'eaks the trea-
ty, 285. he is defeated by Philopoemen,
5f89, and obliged to shut himself up in
Sparta, ib. he is killed, 294.

Nabonassar, or Belesis, king of Bal^-
Ion, ii. 60.

Nabopolassar, king of Babyk>n, joins
with Cyazares, king of Media, besieges
Nineveh, and entirely ruins that city, ii.
65. he associates his son Nabuchodonosor
with him in the empire, and sends him at
the head <^ an army against Nechao, ib.
Nabopolassar's death, 66.

Nabuehodonosor, I., or Saosduchinus,
king of Nineveh, ii. 65. that prince is at-
tacked by Phraortes king of the Modes,
77. he defeats him in the plain of Ragau,
ravages his dominions, and puts him to
death, ib. he sends Holophemes with a
powerful army to revenue him upon the
people who had refused him aid, 78. en
tire defeat of bis army, ib.

Nabuchodonosor Ii. is associated in
the empire of Assyria, by Nabopolassar,
ii. 66. he defeats Nechao, and conquers
Syria and Palestine, ib. he besieges Je-
rusalem, makes himself master of it, and
carries away a great number of Je\va cap-
tive to Babylon, ib. Nabuchodonosor's
first dream,' 66. that prince marches
against Jerusalem, takes it, and carries
away ail its treasures, 67. he defeats tlie
army of Pharaoh king of Egypt, returns
to Jerusalem, and demolishes its fortifi-
cations, 68. he causes himself to be
adored as a god, ib. he besieges Tyre,
and takes it afler a long siege, 69. Na-
buchodonosor's second dream, ib. he is
reduced to the condition of beasts, he re-
covers his former shape, 70, and ascends
the throne, ib. he dief>, ib.

Naphtha, kind of bitumen, very com
bustible, v. 304.

Naravasus, Numidian lord, joins Bar-
ca in the war witli the mo-cenanes, i. 260.

Navy, naval afTairs of the ancients* !▼•




Ntaptetan, oly ni JBiuXmt U. fSi.

bosieged bv AcUiufl, vi. S05.

Nuuk itUnd, OM of tho Cydadei, iL
8S4. sedition at Nazus, which occasioiM
dM rarok of the fooimiM anintt Duriua,

Neepolis, ouerter of the citj of Sjrm-
onee so e«Ueo, iii. 214.

Neudius, officer of Aleunder, im-
deitakes to view the coast, finom the In-
dus to the bottom of the Penian guU; t.
in, be succeeds m his enteiprise, 174.
Nechao, k'mg of Egypt, L 178. he un-
dertakes to open a. communication be-
tween the Nile and the Red Sea, 179.
able naviffaton by his order undertake to
sail roun^Afriea, and happilv effiM^t it,
ib. Nechao marches against the Babvlo-
nians and Medes, to pot a stop to their
procress, 180. he defeats JoBiali,king of
Juoah, who opposed his march, ib. ho
beats the Babylonians, takes Carehemis,
and returns into his kingdom, ib. on his
way he passes through Jerusalem, de-
prives Jenoaa of the crown, and sives it
to Jehoiakim, ib. he is conquered by Na-
buchodonosor, who retakes Carehemis,
ib. death of Nechao, 181. .

Nectanebiis is placed by the revolted
Egyptians upon the throne of Egypt in
the room of Tachoe, iv. 233. he is sup-
ported by Agesilaus, ib. by his aid he
reduces the (Mrty of the pnnce of Men-
des, 2d3. not being able to defend him-
self against Ochusf he escapes into
iESihiopia, from whence he never returns,
255. .

Neheroiah, Jew, cupbearer of Artax-
erxes, obtains permission of that prince
to return to Jerusalem, and to rebuild its
ibrtifications, iii. 96. he acquits himself
of his commission with incredible zeal,

Neleus of Scepsis, to whom Tbeoph-
rastus bad left tne works (rf* Aristotle,
viii. 66.

Nemsa: games instituted near that
city, i. 44.

Neolas, brother of Molo and Alexan-
der, brings the latter the news of Molo's
defeat by Antiochus, and then kills him-
self through despair, vi. 154.

Neoptoiemus, one of Alexander's cap-
tains : provinces that fell to him after the
death of that prince, v. 218. he joins An-
tipater and Craterus against Pcrdiccas
and Eomenes, 238. he marches with
Craterus against the latter, ib. and is

kffled m a battle, ib. diaraeter of Neop.
tolemus, 236, 237.

Neoptoiemus, uncle of Pyrrhus, reisns
in Epirus in his nephew's place, i. llSb
PyrrlMis causes him to be dethroned, ib.

Neoptoiemus, Gre^ poet, iv. 327.

Neri^lissor puts himself at the head of
a conspiracy asainst Evilmerodach, king
of Assyria, and reigns in his stead, ii. 71.
he makes war against the Medes, and is
kiHed in a battle, 108.

Nero (C. Claudius), consul, quits his
province and makes haste to join his col'
league, in order to attack Asdmbal in.
eoniunction with him, i. 304.

Nevius, Roman officer, surprises IHuI-
ip*8 camp near ApoUonia in the nighty vi.

Nicsa, city bmlt by Alexander at tho
place where he had defeated Poms, ▼»

Nicander is deputed by the iBtoIiana
to Philip, vi. 284. he endeavours to eo-

SLge that prince to join Antiochus against
e Romans, ib^

Nicanor, roung <^cer in Alexander's
army : rash boklness which costs him his
life, V. 152.

Nicanor, Cassander's brother, is put to
death by order of Olympias. v. 259.

Nicanor, governor of Media under An-
tiochus, is surprised in his camp in the
night by Seleucus, and obliged to fly, v
278. he is killed in a battle, 293.

Nicanor, officer of Seleucus. Ceraunus,
conspires against that prince and poisons
him, vi. 150. he is put to death by Ach-
8BUIL ib.

Nicanor, lieutenant-general of Antio-
chus Epiphanes, marches against tlie
Jews, and is defeated by Judas Macca
baeus, vii. 84,&c. Demetrius Soter sends
him with an army intt> Judaea to anist
Alcimus, 224. he is defeated by Judas
Maccabaeus, and is killed in battle, ib.

Nicies, general of the Athenians, makes
them conclude a peace with the LaGed».
roonians, iii. 190. he opposes the war of
Sicily in vain, 201. he is appointed gen-
eral with Liamachus and Aicibiades, ib.
his conduct on arriving in Sicily, 209.
after some expeditions he forms the siege
of Syracuse, 215. the city is reduced to
extremities, 220 the arrival of Gylippus
changes the face of affairs, 222. Nicias
writes to the Athenians to state his coa-
dition, and to demand reinforcement, 224.
two colleagues are appointinl hire, 228-




lie IS oompelled by hw colleuues to en-
gage in a sea-fight, in which be is defeat-
ed, 230. his land-army is also defeated,
ib. he hazards another sea-fight in con-
cert with Demosthenes, and is again de-
feated, 234. he detfermines to retire by
land, 235. he is reduced to surrender at
discretion, 240. is condemned to die, and
executed, 241.

Nicias, treasurer to Perseus, throws
the treasures of that prince into the sea
by his order, vii. 128. Perseus puts him
to death, ib.

Nicocles, son of Evagoras. reigns at
Salamis after his father's death, iv. 226.
Nicocles, king of Paphos, submits to
Ptolemy, t. 275. he. makes an alhance
secretly with Antigonus, ib. he kiUa him-
self, ib.

Nicocles, tyrant of Sicyon, is driven
out of that city by Aratus, ▼!. 101, &c.
Nico^enes, m whose bouse Tbemisto-
cles resides at ^gae, supplies his guest
with the means of going to the court of

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