Charles Rollin.

The ancient history of the Egyptians, Carthaginians, Assyrians ..., Volume 8 online

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lybius in defending Philopoemeo's mem-
ory, 196. proof which he eives of bis
dismterestednesB, ib. he establishes good
order and tranquillity in his country, ib.
he returns to Sdpio at Rome, and ac-
companies him to the siese of Numantia,
ib. after Sdpio's death ne returns into
his own couiUry, where he ends his days,

Polybins of Megalopotis, officer in the
anny <^ the Achsans, vi. 221.

Pdycrates, tyrant of Samoa, ii. 172.
singular history of that tyrant, ib. Jiia
miserable end, 173.

Pdycrates, first minister of Ptdemy
Epiphanes, renders that prince great ser^
vices, vii. 16.

Polydamas, famous athleta of antiquity,

Polydectes, king of Sparta, and brother
of Lycurgus, L 96.

Poly<i<»^>e, brother of Jason, tyrant of
Phene, succeeds him, and is soon after
killed by Polyphron hiii other brother, iv.

Polygamy. It was allowed in Egypt,
L 140.

Polygnotus, famous painter : generous'
action of his towards the Athenians, ii^

Pdyperchon, Syracusan, in ccmcert
with liCptines, kills Calippus, Dion's
murderer, iv. 209.

t*dyphron is substituted in the room
of Jason, tyrant of Pberse, his brother
iv. 209. he kills PoWdorus his other
brother, and is soon after killed himsdf
by Alexander of Phene, ib.

Polysperchon, one of the generals of
Alexander's army, reduces a country
called Bubacene, v. 140. he ridicules a
Persian for prostrating himself before
Alexander, 143. that prince causes him
to be put in prison, and pardons bini soon
after, ib. Poljrsperchon takes the dty of
Ora, 150. he is appointed regent of the
kingdom, and governor of Macedooiai bv




Antipater, 244. be recalls 01ympia8,245.
he endeavours to secure Greece to him-
self^ ib. he is driven out of Macedonia
by Cassander, ib. he causes Hercules,
the son of Aleiander, and his mother
Barsina, to be put to death, 282.

Pol^stratus, Macedonian soldier, car-
*ies drink to Darius at the point of death,
and receiTes his last words, v. 105.

Polyxenides, admiral of the fleet of
Antiochus the Great, is defeated by Li-
Tius, and reduced to fly, vi. 307. he de-
feats Pausistratus, who commanded the
fleet of Rhodes,^ a stratagem, S09. he
is defeated by ^milius, and compelled
to retire to Ephesus, 311.

Polyxenus, ln-other-ii>law of Diony-
aius, having declared against that prince,
flies to avoid falling into his hands, iv.

Polyzelus, brother of Hiero I. king of
Syracuse, gives his brother umbrage, iii.
133. Theron, his son-in-law, takes his
part, ib. peace is made by the mediation
uf the poet Siroonides, ib.

Pompeios, {^^\ Roman officer, com-
mands a small boay of treops during the
war with Perseus, and retires to an emi-
nence, where he defends himself val-
iantly, vii. 122.

Porapey succeeds Lucullus in the war
against Mithridates, viii. 92. his conduct
upon arrivinjg in his government, 93. he
offers Mithridates peace, 94. he gains
several victories over that prince, 95. he
marches into Armenia against Tigranes,
who comes and surrenders himself to
himj 96. he pursues Mithridates, and in
his way subjecte the Albanians and Ibe-
rians, 98. tired of following Mithridates,
he comes to Syria, of which be takes
possession, and puts an end to the em-
pire of the SeleucidtB, 99. he marches to
Pontos, 100. he returns into Syria, 101.
Pompey's expeditions into Arabia, 105.
he takes Jerusalem, enters the temple,
and even the Holy of Holies, vii. 291.
after having reduced all the cities of Pon-
Uis, he returns to Rome, viii. 106. he re-
ceives the honour of a triumph, ib. afler
his defeat at Pharsalia, he retires into
Esypt,l]6. he is killed, 117.

Pontus, kingdom of Asia Minor, i. 21.
chronological abridgment of the history
of the kings of Pontus, 111.

Popilius (C.) is sent ambassador into
Ejypt, in order to put an end to ! he war
AfMrn, viL 69. he ohli^jcs Antiochus to

qmt Egypt, and leave the two Pto1emies«
brothers, in quiet possession of it, 73. ho
is sent into Peloponnesus to publish the
decree of the senate there in favour of
the Greeks, 123.

Porphyry, Tyrian, a learned Pagan,
declared enemy of Christianity and the
Holy Scriptures, vii. 95.

Poms, Indian king, refuses to submit
to Alexander, v. 152. he is defeated and
taken prisoner, 154, &c. Alexander re-
stores to him ins dominions, 158.

Posts. Invention ofposts and couriers,
iL 191.

Pothinus, Ptolem;^*s minister, de-
thrones Cleopatra, viii. 116. he advises
the death of rompey, ib. he endeavours
to render Ceesar odious to the Egyptians,
118. he prevents the effect of Csesar'i
decree, and makes the Egyptians ti^e
arms against him, 120. CiBsar causea
him to be put to death, 121.

Potidiea, city of Macedonia, revolts
ajrainst the Athenians, to whom it was
tributary, iii. 1 19. it is besieged and taken
by the Athenians, ib. Philip takes that
city from them, iv. 277.

Poverty. Love of poverty instituted at
Sparta, iv. 53.

Prexaspes, confidant of Cambyses,
kills Smerdis by that prince's order, ii.
170. his base and monstrous flattery of
Cambyses, 171. he promises the Magi
to declare before the people Smerdis the
Magian the true son of Cyrus, 176. he
speaks to the people from the top of a
tower, declares the contrary to them,
throws himself down from the top of the
tower, and is killed, 176.

Priapatius, son and successor of Ar^
saces II. king of the Parthians, vii. 297.

Priene, city of Ionia, iii. 117.

Princes. See Ein^s.

Procles, son of Aristodemus, reigns at
Sparta with bis brother Eurysthenes, i.

Proculeius, Roman officer, comes to
Cleopatra in her retirement, and advises
her to put herself into Csesar's hands,
viii. 143. makes himself master of the
person of that princess, ib. Cecsar orders
nim to ask her what she desires of him, ib.

Prodicos : name given by the Lacedae-
monians to the guardians of the kings,
i. 96.

Proteus, king of Argos, ii. 239.

Promacltus, one uf Alexander's officers,
dies in a debauch with that prince, v. 178.




ift ana the figypUuH, i. 181 * Itc proph-
«eiet coocerninf Nineveh, iu 80. Baby
Ion, 190. Cyrus, 1S3. Alexander, 155.
AntiochiM tne Great, rn. 10. Seleucoa
Pbilopator,(K). Antiocniu Epiphanee, 88.
Jacob** prophecy concemiDg the Mee-
■iah, 295.

Prosperity. Proof to which it puts the
•oul, i>. 97. train of prosperity, iii. 848.

Protagoras, brother of Nieocles, expels
Evageras II. from Salamis, and reigiM in
his stead, iv. 261. Ochus coofirms the
possession of the throne to him, 254.

Protagoras of Abdera, sophist ; opio-
ion of Protagoras concerning the DiviD-
ity, iii. 211. the Athenians expel him
their city, and cause his works to he
burnt, ib.

Proteas, Macedonian : Alexander
drinks his health in the bowl of Hercules,
T. 192.

Proteus, king of Emt, i. 170. he de-
tains Helen and her ricnes, and restores
her to Menelaus, i. ib. &c.

Prothous, senator of Sparta, opposes
the war against the Thebans, but is dis-
regarded, IV. 196.

Frotogenes, famous punter. Deme-
trius's regard for him during the siege of
Rhodes, v. 196.

Protomachus, one of the Athenian gen-
erals that gained the victory near the isl-
ands Arginusoe, and were condemned at
their return, iii. 264.

Providence. Discourse of Socrates
upon Providence, iv. 19.

Prozenus, of BcBOtia, commands a body
<^ Grecian troops in the army of Cyrus
the Younger, against his brother Artax-
erxes, iii. 296. he is seized by treachery,
and put to death, Sll. character of Prox-
enus, ib.

Prusias I. king of Bithynia, i. 110.

Prusias II. king of Bithynia, sumamed
the Hunter, declares for the Romans
against Antiochus, vi. 310. he makes war
against Eumenes, vii. 30. service done
him by Hannibal during that war, ib.
Prusias agrees to deliver him up to the
Romans, 31. he endeavours to induce the
Romans to grant Perseus a peace, 129.
his abject,flaltery in the senate, 174. war
of Prusias with Attalus, 177. the^senate
oblige him to lay down his arms,* and to
make Attalus satis&ction, 178. Prusias,
intending, to put his son Nicomedes to I
death, is kiUed by him, 178. {

t^ytanis, name of tfie chief magistrate
of Corinth, ii. 241.

Psammenitns, king o€ Egypt, is con-
quered by Cambyses, who uses him with
elemencv, i. 187. he endeavours to r^
ascend the throne, and is put to death, 1 88.

Psammeticus, one of the twelve kings
who reigned at the same time in £gyp^
is baniuied into the fens, and on what
occasion, i. 176. he defeats the other
eleven kmgs, and remains sole monarch
of Egypt, 177. he makes war ag^ainst
the kmg of Assyria, ib. he besieges
Axotus, and takes it after a siege ot
twenty-nine years, ib. he prevents the
S<^thians from invading Egypt, 178. his
method of knowing whether the Egyp-
tians were the most ancient people of
the earth, ib.

Psammis, king of Egvpt, i. 181.

Ptolema'u, daughter of Ptolemy Soter
is married to Demetrius Pdiorcetes, ri

Ptolemy, son of Amyntas II. disputa
the crown with Perdiccas, iv. 209. Pe-
lopidas excludes him from the throne, 210

Ptolemy, son of Seleucus, is killed ai
the battle of Ipsus, v. 40.

Ptolemy I. son of Lagus, one of Alex
ander's generals, takes several cities ot
India, v. 149. he is dangerously woundeo
at the siege of a city oflndia, 170. he it
cured soon after, 171. provinces whick
fall to him after the death of Alexander,
218. he CMises the body of Alexander tt
be carried to Alexandria, 234. he enter,
into a league with Antipater, Crateras
and Antigonus, against Perdiccas am
Eumenes, 237. he makes himself masta
of Syria, Phoenicia, and Judsea, 242. ht
takes Jerusalem, 243. he forms a leagiH
with Seleucus, Cassander, and Lysima-
chus, against Antigonus, 271. he seizei
the island of Cyprus, 276. he defeati
Demetrius in battle, 276, and maket
himself master of Tyre, ib. defeat of cm
of his generals by Demetrius, 277. di^
ferent expeditions of Ptolem v against An*
tigonus, 282. Ptolemy is defeated by De-
metrius, who takes from him the isle of
C3rprus, 292. Ptolemy assumes the tide
of king, V. 293. he sends aid to the Rho-
dians besieged by Demetrius, 301. the
Rhodians, in gratitude, give him the title
of Soter, 307. Ptolemy allies himself
with Seleucus, Cassander, and Lysima-
chus, against Antigonus and Demetrius.
312. th^e four princes divide the c




of Alexander amongst them» vi. 1. Ptol-
emy retakes the iuand of Cyprus from
Demetrius, 8. he renews the league with
Lysimachus and Seleucus against Deme-
tnus, 10. he abdicates the throne to his
son Ptolemy Philadelphus, 17. death of
Ptolemy Soter, 21. praise of that prince,
ib. famous library which he caused to be
erected at Alexandria, 18.

Ptolemy II. sumamed Philadelphus, is
placed by his father Ptolemy Soter upon
the throne of E^ypt, vi. 17. the com>
meucement of his reign, SO. his resent-
ment against Demetrius rhalereus, ib. he
causes the Holy Scriptures to^ be trans-
lated into Greek, to aaom his library, 42.
he cultivates the amity of the Romans,
73. his liberality to the Roman ambassa-
dors, ib. Ptolemy sends aid to the Athe-
nians besieged by Antigonus, 74. revolt
of Magas against Ptolemy, 75. the latter
quells a conspiracy against his person, ib.
works of Ptolemy of advantage to comf
merce, 78. he comes to an accommoda-
tion with Magas, 79. war between Ptd-
emy and Antiochus, 80. peace between
those princes, 81. death of Ptolemy Phi-
ladelphus, 85. character and qualities of
that prince, ib. his taste for arts and
sciences, 84. his application to make
commerce flourish in nis dmninions, 78.
Ptolemy III. sumamed Euersetes, suc-
ceeds his father Ptolemy PhiTadelphus,
vi. 85. he avenges the death of his sister
Berenice, puts Laodice to death, and
seizes part of Asia, 89. m returning from
that expedition he goes to Jerusalem, and
offers sacrifices there te the God of Israel,
91. leaffue of Antiochus Hierax and Se-
leucus Gallinicus against Ptolemy, 92.
the hitter comes to an accommodation
vrith Seleucus, 93. he causes Antiochus
to be seized, and imprisons him, 95. he
augments the library of Alexandria, ib.
he gives Joseph, the nephew of Onias,
the farm of the revenues of the provinces
of Ccele-syria, Phcenicia, Juaasa, and
Samaria, 97. arrival of Cleomenes at
the court of Egypt, 146. death of Ptol-
emy Euergetes, 147. Ptolemy's liberality
to the Rhodians, 148.

Ptolemy IV. sumamed Philopator, as-
cends the throne of Egypt afler the death
of Ptolemy Euergetes, vi. 148. injustice
tnd craelty of that prince to Cleomenes,
170. Antiochus the Great undertakes to
•ecover Coele-syria from Ptolemy, 152.
>hort trace between those two princes,

159. ^tolemy jains a great victory over
W2. he <

Antiochus at Kaphia, 162. he comes to
Jerusalem, ib. raiee and revenge of Ptol-
emy against the Jews, because they re*
fiise to let him enter into the sanctuary,
163. he grants Antiochuspeace, ib. the
Egyptians revolt a^amst Philopator, 165.
that prince gives himself up to all manner
of excesses, ib. he puts Arsinoe, his
wife and sister, to death, 166. he dies
worn out with debauches, 229.
Ptolemy y. called Epiphanes, at the

g[e of five years ascends the throne of
gypt, after the death of Ptolemy Philo*
gitor, vi. 230* Antiochus the Great and
hilip enter into a league to invade his
dominions, 232. Ptolemy is put under
the guardianship of the Romans, 237.
AristomeneSf the youns kind's guardian
for the Rmnans, takes Palestme and Ccs-
le-syria from Antiochus, 247. Antiochus
retakes those provinces, ib. Scopas's
conspiracy against Ptolemy fiustrated by
Aristomenes, 273. Ptolemy is declared
of age, ib. he marries Cleopatra, daugh-
ter of Antiochus, 286. he makes an al*>
liance with the Achasans, vii. 14. he treats
Hyrcanus, the son of Joseph, with great
marks of favour and firiendship, 15. ho
takes a disgust to Aristomenes, and puts
him to deaUi, ib. he abandons himself to
all sorts of excesses, ib. the Egyptians
form several conspiracies against nim, ib.
Ptolemy chooses Polycrates for his prime
minister, ib. with that minister's assist-
ance he gets the better of the rebels, 16.
he renews the alliance with the Achnans,
ib. he forms the desi^ of attacking Se-
leucus, 36. the principal persons of his
court poison him, ib.

Ptolemy VI. called Philometor, at six
years old succeeds his father Ptolemy
Epiphanes, vii. 36. ground of the war be*
tween Ptolemy and Antiochus Epipha-
nes, 63. coronation of Ptolemy, ib. he is
defeated by Antiochus, 65. he loses a
second battle against Antiochus, and is
taken prisoner, ^. the Alexandrians elect
his brother Ptolemy Euergetes II. sur>
named also Physcon, in his place, 68.
Antiochus replaces Philometor in appear-
ance upon the throne, 70. the two bro-
thers unite and reign jointly, 71. the Ro-
mans prevent Antiochus from disturbing
them, 73. Philometor is dethroned by his
brother Physcoo, 216. he goes to Rome
to implore the senate's clemency, ib. the
Romans divide the kmgdom of E|ypt b»>




twMn the tmo liiodMn, tlS. mw &-
Itrances uim between PhUometor •ad
PhyacoD, S19. Phiknnetor refines to
evacuate the itbnd of Cyprus, tSO. he
nias a Tidory over Physcon, and takes
him prisoner, SSI. he pardons hina and
restores him his dominions, ib. he mar-
ries his dauflfaler Cleopatra to Alexander
Bala, SS8. lie p^rmiu Onias to build a
temple for the Jews in Egypt, h. he
marches to the aid of Alexander his
soo-in^aw, attacked hj^ DemetriuB, S89.
ApoUonitti's t'lot against Ptolemy, ib.
upon the reAnal of Alexander to deliver up
that traitor, Philoraetor Ukes his daughter
from him, gives her to Demetrius, and
aids him in ascending his father's throne,
ib. &:c.

Plolerey YII. called Euergetes II. and
Physcon, son of Ptolemy Epiphanes, is
placed bv the Alexandrians upon the
throne or Egypt in bis oldest brother's
stead, vii. 68. the two brothers unite and
rwgn jointly, 71. they prepare to defend
themselves against the attacks of Antio-
chus, ib. the Romans obli^ that prince
to leave those two princes m tranquillity,
73. Physcon dethrones Philometor, S18.
the Romans divide the kingdom between
the two brothers, ib. Physcon, dis8ati»>
fied with the part given him, goes to Rome,
and demands to be put in possession of
the island of Cypnis, ib. the Romans ad-
judge it to him, S19. the people of Cyre>
naica oppose Physcon's entrance mto
their country, SSO. that prince re-estab-
lishes himself in that country, and gi^es
occasion to attempts against his lite by
his bad conduct, in. he makes a second
voyage to Rome, and carries his com-
plaints thither against his brother, ib. he
undertakes to make himself master of the
island of Cyprus, SSI. Philometor defeats
and takes him p*'isoner, and afterwards
generously restores him his dominions,
iD.-~ ^Hiyscon marries Cleopatra, the
widow of Philometor, ascends the throne
of Egypt, and puts his brother's son to
death, vii. 230. Physcon's excess of folly
and debauchery, S39. Scipio Africanus
the Younger goes to that prince's court,
S40. Physcon puts away Cleopatra, and
marries her daughter, by Philometor,
named also Cleopatra, 350. horrible cru-
elties which he commits in Egypt, ib. a
ceueral revolt compels him to quit that
kingdom, ib. new cruelties of Physcon,
S61. he ^tums into Egypt, and reas-

cends the throne, ibw heMppart»flien»
poetor Alexander Zebina, and lends him
an army to place him upms the throne at
Syria, S5S. ne gives his daughter Tm>he-
na in marriaee to Grypus, 864. Pnys*
con's death, ib.

Ptolemy YIII. called Lathynis, soo-
ceeds his father Physcon, vii. 255. Cleo-
patra, his mother, obliges him to repudi-
ate his eklest aster, and marry Seiene
his youngest, ib. Lathynis aids Antio-
chtts the Cyzicenian against John Hyr-
canus,S58. Cleopatra takes her daughter
Selene from Lathynis, and obliges htm to
quit Egypt, and content himself with the
kingdom of Cyprus, S56. Ijathyrus sends
an army to besiege Ptoleroais, and
marches in person against Alexander
king of the Jews, over whom he gains a

Ciat victory, S63. barbarous action of
thynis after the battle, ib. he raises
the siege of Ptolemais, S63. he makes an
ineflTectual attempt against Egypt, ib. he
is recalled by the Alexandrians, and re-
placed upon the throne of E^pt, S68.
a rebellion rises up against him m Egypt,
ib. Lathyrus destroys Thebes, whither
the rebels had retired, ib. he dies soon
after, ib.

Ptolemy IX. king of Egypt. See Alez>
ander I. son of Physcon.

Ptolemy X. son of Alexander I. king
of Egypt. See Alexander II.

Ptolemy XI. surnamed Adetus, is
placed by the Alexandrians upon the
throne of Egypt, in the room of Alexan-
der II. vii. 274. he causes himself to be
declared the friend and ally of the Roman
people by the influence of Ceesar and
Pompey, viii. 108. he oppresses his sub-
jects in consequence with taxations, ib.
he is dethroned, ib. the Alexandrians
substitute his daughter Berenice in his
place, ib. he goes to Rome, and with mo-
ney gains the suffrages of the principal
persons of the commonwealth for his re-
establiahment, 109. he causes most of
the ambassadors, sent by the Egyptians
to Rome to justify their revolt, to be mur-
dered, ib. an oracle of the Sibyl is s^ up
a|;ainst him, 110. Gabinhis reinstates
him upon the throne, 1 14. Aulctee pots
his daughter Berenice to death, ib. his
ingratitwle and perfidy to Rabirius, 'A,
death of Auletes, 115.

Ptolemy XII. son of Ptolemy Auletes,
reigns afler his father with his sister Cleo-
pa&a, viii. 116. be expels Clerpatra, flb.




iie eanves Ponpey to be assassinated by
the advice of Tneodotus, 117. Csesar
makes himself iudgo between Ptolemy
and Cleopatra, 1 18. he secures the per-
sofi of Ptolemy, 119. he releases him,
123. Ptolemy renews the war against
OsBsar, ib. he is defeated, and drowned
in the Nile endeavouring to escape, 124.

Ptolemy I. king of Cyprus, brother of
Ptolemy Auletes, is deposed by the Ro-
mans, who confiscate his treasures, vii.
277. he poisons himself, ib.
' Ptolemy 11. son of Ptolemy Auletes, is
made kin^ of Cyprus by Caesar, viii. 119.
Caesar gives him the crown of Egypt
i«»intly with Cleopatra, 124. death of
rtolemy, poisoned by that princess, 126.

Ptolemy, son of Antony and Cleopatra,
■s proclaimed king of Syria, by Antony,
viii. 133.

Ptolemy Apion, natural son of Phys-
eon, is made king of Cyrenaica, by his
Quher, vii. 256. he leaves his kingdom to
the Romans at his death, 26d.

Ptolemy Ceraunus, or the Thunder,
son of Ptolemy Soter, quits the court and
retires first to Lysimachus, and after-
wards to Seleucus, vi- 17. he engages the
latter in a war with Lysimachus, S3, he
assassinates Seleucus and possesses him-
self of his dommions, 35. ne marries his
sister Arsinoe, widow of Lysimachus, and
causes her two children by that prince to
be mnrdered, 36. he banishes her into
Samothracia, 37. he is soon after pun-
ished for those parricides by the Gauls,
who kill him in a battle, 38.

Ptolemy Macron, governor of the isl-
and of Cypnis under Ptolemy Philome-
tor, revolts against that prince, enters
into the service of Antiochus EjjiDhanes.
and gives him possession of the island of
Cyprus, vii. 66, &c. Antiochus gives him
a share in his confidence, and the govern-
ment ofCoBlo-syria and Palestine, ib. he
marches against the Jews, and is defeated
by Judas MaccabsRUs, 84. he becomes a
friend to the Jews, 214. Antiochus Eupa -
tor deprives him of his government, 215.
Ptolemy, through despair, poisons him-
self, ib.

Ptolemy, son of Pyrrhus, is killed in
a battle against the LacedEemonians, vi.

Ptolemy, one of the principal officers
of Philip, unites with Apelles in his con-
spiracy against that prince, vi. 185. Phil-
ip causes him ta be pot to death, 188.

I Pa1,kbgoftheAsmians,whorepentt
I upon the preaching or Jonah, ii. 58.
I Pulcher (P. Claudius ), oonsuL is beat-
! en at sea by Adherbal the CartnaginiaB
' general, i. z5S.

Punic : origin and signification of
that word, i. 189. Punic wars, 240. 266>
ii. 12.

Pydna, city of Macedonia, is subjected
by Philip, iv. 277. fkmous victory gained
by Pauhis ^milius over Perseus, n«ar
that city, vii. 144.

Pvlus, a small city of Messenia, taken
bj the Athenians during the Peloponn^
sian war, iii. 173.

Pyramid. Description of the Pyramidft
of Egypt, i. 121. juclgment to be fonned
of those famous structures, 122.

Pyrrhus, general of the JGtolsans, ia
twice beaten by P^ijiPy vi* 200.

P3rrrhus, son of ^cides, king of Epi-
rus, flies frem the fury of the rebels, vi. 6.
he is re-established upon the throne of
Epirus by Glaucias, kmg of Illyrium, ib.
the Molossians revolt against him, and
plunder all his riches, ib. he retires to
Demetrius, son of AntigonQs, ib. he dis-
tinguishes himself at the battle of Ipsus,
ib. he goes to Egypt as a hostage for De-
metrius, ib. he marries Antigone, daugh-
ter of Berenice, 7. Ptolemy gives him a
fleet and money, of which he makes use
for repossessing himself of his dominions,
ib. Pyrrhus takes Macedonia from De>
metrius, and is declared king of it, 11. he
divides that kingdom with Xysimachus,
13. he is soon obliged to quit it, 14. the
Tarentines call in Pyrrhus to their aid
against the Romans, 45. that prince goes
to Italy, 47. he defeats the consul I^vi-
nus, 50. he causes proposals of peace to
be made to the Romans, ib. conversation
of Pyrrhus with Fabricius, 53. Pyrrhus
gains a second advantage over the Re-
mans, 58. expeditions of Pyrrhus in Sici-
ly, 59. he returns intoltal^, 61. be plun-
ders the temple of Proserpme in the coun-
try of the Locrian8,62. he is defeated by
the Romans, 63. he returns into Epiruii,
ih. he throws himself into Maceoonia,
and makes himself master of it for a time,
after bavins defeated Antigonus, 64. ex-
pedition of Pyrrhus into Peloponnesus, 65.
ne besieges Sparta ineffectually, ib. he is
killed at the siege of Argos, 71. good and
bad qualities of Pyrrhus, ib. &c.

Pythagoras, a Lacedaemonian, c^'^
mands uart of the fleet of Cyrus




I the&-

Yoaog«« ia Uit «p<ditioB of UMlprinee
•fmiiwt bo* brother ArUnneB, itu 296.

PjrthAforu, oon of EvafOVM. doloods
the city of Sdamiit bom^ied by Artap
nrxM, durint his fiuher't ahoonce, iii.

Pythaffongy philoaopher, iii. 1S8. he
gooa to Italy and aettles at Crotona,
where he opeas a eehool of philoeophy,
139. noritiate of silence which he makes
hk disciples obsenre, ib.

Pythtrchos of Cyacum fusm tj

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