Charles Rufus Skinner.

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ments of the American sailor. Whatever his country has done to dis-
grace him and break his spirit, he has never disgraced her. Man for
man, he asks no odds and he cares for no odds when the cause of
humanity or the glory of his country calls him to the fight.

Who, in the darkest days of our Revolution, carried your flag into
the very chops of the British Channel, bearded the lion in his den, and
awoke the echo of old Albion's hills by the thunder of his cannon, and.


the shouts of his triumph? It was the American sailor; and the names
of John Paul Jones and the Bon Homme Richard will go down the
annals of time forever.

Who struck the first blow that humbled the Barbary flag, — which,
for a hundred years, had been the terror of Christendom, — drove it
from the Mediterranean, and put an end to the infamous tribute it had
been accustomed to exact? It was the American sailor; and the names
of Decatur and his gallant companions will be as lasting as monumental

In your War of 1812, when your arms on shore were covered by
disaster, when Winchester had been defeated, when the army of the
Northwest had surrendered, and when the gloom of despondency hung
like a cloud over the land, who first relit the fires of national glory,
and made the welkin ring with the shouts of victory? It was the Ameri-
can sailor; and the names of Hull and the " Constitution " will be re-
membered as long as we have a country to love.

That one event was worth more to the Republic than all the money
which has ever been expended for a navy. Since that day the navy has
had no stain upon its national escutcheon, but has been cherished as
your pride and glory; and the American sailor has established a reputa-
tion throughout the world, in peace and in war, in storm and in battle,
for a heroism and prowess unsurpassed. — Commodore Stockton, from
speech against whipping in the navy.



The first great fight of the war is fought!

And who is the victor, — say, —
Is there aught of the lesson now left untaught

By the fight of Manila Bay?

Two by two were the Spanish ships

Formed in their battle line;
Their flags at the taffrail peak and fore,
And batteries ready upon the shore,

Silently biding their time.

Into their presence sailed our fleet, —

The harbor was fully mined, —
With shotted guns and open ports
Up to their ships, — ay, — up to their forts;

For Dewey is danger blind.

Signalled the flagship, " Open fire,"
And the guns belched forth their death.

"At closer range," was the order shown;

Then each ship sprang to claim her own,
And to lick her fiery breath.

Served were our squadron's heavy guns

With gunners stripped to the waist,
And the blinding, swirling, sulph'rous smoke
Enveloped the ships, as each gun spoke,
In its furious, fearful haste.

Sunk and destroyed were the Spanish ships,

Hulled by our heavy shot,
For the Yankee spirit is just the same,
And the Yankee grit, and the Yankee aim,

And their courage, which faileth not.

— H. E. IV., h


W. K. W.




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(February 22, 1732).

Selections Song, Ode for Washington's Birthday.

Selections Song, God Speed the Right.

16 (241)


iHE twenty-second of February — the day on which George
Washington was born (1732) is a national holiday. When
it comes on any one of the five school-days of the week,
the children are freed from their books, and may stay
at home or spend the time as they please. But in some
schools the pupils are called together, their parents and friends
invited in, and a patriotic exercise is given in which the character and
career of Washington and the stormy yet glorious days of the Ameri-
can Revolution are made the subject of song, composition, and the
" speaking of pieces." This is better far than for children to be idle
at home or roaming the streets, — and it is greatly to be wished that
the custom of the few schools become the custom of all. But until that
sensible plan is adopted, the next best thing seems to be to devote an
hour or more of the previous day's session to the exercise. Now, it is
clear to see that the pupils of any particular school will appreciate such
an exercise just in proportion to their knowledge of the man and the
times. If, then, the scholars are old enough and their historical study
or reading has been wide enough, let the program be correspondingly
strong; if not, let the teacher take pains to explain and inform, infusing
as much of the historical as possible under the guise of the romantic —
so making appeal to the imagination and that sense of admiration for
adventure and bravery innate in the minds of children. A long pro-
gram is herewith given, with the thought of choice among the selec-
tions, if the time is very brief.




Oh, Washington! thou hero, patriot, sage,
Friend of all climes and pride of every age!

— Thomas Paine.

Washington is the mightiest name of earth. — Abraliam Lincoln.

One of the greatest captains of the age. — Benjamin Franklin.

The voice of mankind shall ascend in acclaim,

And the watchword of nations be Washington's name.

— James G. Brooks.

Washington is to my mind the purest figure in history. — IVilliam Ewart Glad-

Of all great men he was the most virtuous and most fortunate. — Guizot.

Columbia's darling son,
The good, the great, the matchless Washington.

— IVilliam Leggett.

Washington — the greatest man of our own or of any age. — Edward Everett.

He was invested with a glory that shed a lustre on all around him. — Archbishop
John Carroll.

Washington hath left
His awful memory
A light for after times.

— Robert Southcy.

Washington — the ideal type of civic virtue to succeeding generations. — James

The greatest man of modern times. — Sir Henry Grattan.

The mighty name of Washington
Is the grand synonym of all we prize
Of great and good in this wide western world.

— Christopher P. Cranch.

No nobler figure ever stood in the forefront of a nation's life. — John Richard

In this world the seal is now put on his greatness. — Alexander Hamilton.

Freedom's first and favorite son —
He whose patriotic valor universal homage won —
He who gave the world the Union — the immortal Washington!

— Francis DeHass Janvier.

He had every title at command, but his first victory was over himself. — Gonver-
ncur Morris.

The want of the age is an European Washington. — Lamartine.

The grandest, purest, best,

Of heroes, earth has known,
That man who for his country's sake,
Spurned from him crown and throne.

— C. G. Rosenburg.

First in war, first in peace, first in the hearts of his countrymen. — Henry Lee.

I am not surprised at what George has done, for he was always a good boy. —
Mary Washington, his mother.

For truth and wisdom, foremost of the brave;

Him glory's idle glances dazzled not;

Twas his ambition, generous and great,
A life to life's great end to consecrate.

— Percy Bysshe Shelley.

A pure and high-minded gentleman, of dauntless courage and stainless honor,
simple and stately of manner, kind and generous of heart. — Henry Cabot Lodge.

Here indeed is a character to admire and revere; a life without a stain, a fame
without a flaw. — William Makepeace Thackeray.

His work well done, the leader stepped aside,
Spurning a crown with more than kingly pride,
Content to wear the higher crown of worth,
While time endures, " First Citizen of Earth."

— James J. Roche.

George Washington — the highest human personification of justice and benevo-
lence. — William H. Seward.



He was great as he was good; he was great because he was good. — Edward

The good, the brave,
Whose mighty dust in glory sleeps,
Where broad Potomac swells and sweeps,
And mourns and murmurs past his grave.

— Abraham Coles.

The universal consent of mankind accords to Washington the highest place
among the great men of the race. — George F. Hoar.

Among a world of dreamers he was the only one whose vision in the slightest
degree approached the great realities of the future.— Edward Everett Hale.

He lives, ever lives in the hearts of the free,
The wings of his fame spread across the broad sea;
He lives where the banner of freedom 's unfurled,
The pride of his country, the wealth of the world.

— Alfred Tennyson.

His example is complete; and it will teach wisdom and virtue to magistrates,
citizens and men, not only in the present age but in future generations.— John

Washington — a fixed star in the firmament of great names, shining without
twinkling or obscuration, with clear, steady, beneficent light.— Daniel Webster.

* * * though often told,
The story of thy deeds can ne'er grow old,
Till no young breast remains to be inspired,
And virtue, valor, greatness have expired.

— Hannah Gould.

The fame of Washington stands apart from every other in history, shining
with a truer lustre and more benignant glory. — Washington Irving.

His memory will be cherished by the wise and good of every nation, and truth
will transmit his character to posterity in all its genuine lustre. — John Jay.

Shortest month of all. we greet thee;

Bring us clouds or bring us sun,
Surely all will bid thee welcome,

Month that gave us Washington!

— Emma C. Dowd.


When the storm of battle blows darkest and rages highest, the memory of
Washington shall nerve every American arm and cheer every American breast.-
Rufus Choate.

The anniversary of his birthday does not come round too often for us to
devote some hour of it, whenever it returns, to meditation upon him and to grati-
tude for his spirit and his work.— Thomas Starr King.

Virginia gave us this imperial man,

Cast in the massive mold

Of those high-statured ages old
Which into grander forms our metal ran;
She gave us this unblemished gentleman.

— James Russell Lowell.

The more clearly Washington's teaching and example are understood, the
more faithfully they are followed, the purer, the stronger, the more glorious' will
this Republic become.— Carl Schurz.

Sincerely honoring him, we cannot become indifferent to those great principles
of human freedom, consecrated by his life, and by the solemn act of his last will
and testament.— Charles Sumner.

For tho' the years their golden round
O'er all the lavish region roll,
And realm on realm, from pole to pole,

In one beneath thy Stars be bound,

The far-off centuries as they flow,

No whiter name than this shall know!

— Francis T. Palgrave.

The filial love of Washington for his mother is an attribute of American man-
hood, a badge which invites our trust and confidence and an indispensable element
of American greatness.— Grover Cleveland (adapted).

The majesty of that life — whether told in the pages of Marshall or Spark?, of
Irving or Bancroft, or through the eloquent utterances of Webster, or Everett, or
Winthrop, or the matchless poetry of Lowell, or the verse of Byron — never grows
old.— Melville Fuller, 'Chief Justice United States Supreme Court.




Washington was the only man in the United States who pos-
sessed the confidence of all. There was no other man who was con-
sidered as anything more than a party leader. The whole of his
character was in its mass perfect, in nothing bad, in a few points indif-
ferent. And it may be truly said that never did nature and fortune
combine more perfectly to make a man great, and to place him in the
same constellation with whatever worthies have merited from man an
everlasting remembrance. — Thomas Jefferson.

If we look over the catalogue of the first magistrates of nations,
whether they have been denominated Presidents, or Consuls, Kings or
Princes, where shall we find one whose commanding talents and vir-
tues, whose overruling good fortune, have so completely united all
hearts and voices in his favor? who enjoyed the esteem and admiration
of foreign nations, and fellow-citizens, with equal unanimity? Quali-
ties so uncommon are no common blessing to the country that pos-
sesses them. By these great qualities, and their benign effects, has
Providence marked out the head of this nation, with a hand so dis-
tinctly visible as to have been seen by all men, and mistaken by none. —
John Adams.

In the war of the Revolution, when it was thought the cause was
lost, men became inspired at the very mention of the name of George
Washington. In 1812, when we succeeded once more against the
mother country, men were looking for a hero, and there arose before
them that rugged, grim, independent old hero, Andrew Jackson. In
the last, and greatest of all wars, an independent and tender-hearted
man was raised up by Providence to guide the helm of state through
that great crisis, and men confidingly placed the destinies of this
great land in the hands of Abraham Lincoln. In the annals of our
country, we find no man whose training had been so peaceful, whose
heart was so gentle, whose nature was so tender, and yet who was


called upon to marshal the hosts of the masses of the people during
four years of remorseless and bloody and unrelenting- fratricidal war.—
Horace Porter.

Nor must it be supposed that Washington owed his greatness
to the peculiar crisis which called out his virtues. His more than
Roman virtues, his consummate prudence, his powerful intellect, and
his dauntless decision and dignity of character, would have made him
illustrious in any age. The crisis would have done nothing for him,
had not his character stood ready to match it. Acquire his character,'
and fear not the recurrence of a crisis to show forth its glory — William

The name of Washington is intimately blended with whatever
belongs most essentially to the prosperity, the liberty, the free insti-
tutions, and the renown of our country. That name was of power to
rally a nation, in the hour of thick-thronging public disasters and
calamities; that name shone, amid the storm of war, a beacon light
to cheer and guide the country's friends; it flamed, too, like a meteor
to repel her foes. That name, in the days of peace, was a loadstone,
attracting to itself a whole people's confidence, a whole people's love,
and the whole world's respect; that name, descending with all time,
spreading over the whole earth, and uttered in all the languages belong-
ing to the tribes and races of men, will forever be pronounced with
affectionate gratitude by every one, in whose breast there shall arise
an aspiration for human rights and human liberty.— Daniel Webster.

It is the peculiar good fortune of this country to have given
birth to a citizen whose name everywhere produces a sentiment of
regard for his country itself. In other countries, whenever and
wherever this is spoken of to be praised, and with the highest praise,
it is called the country of Washington. Half a century and more has
now passed away since he came upon the stage and his fame first
broke upon the world; for it broke like the blaze of day from the rising
sun, almost as sudden and seemingly as universal. The eventful period
since that era has teemed with great men, who have crossed the scene
and passed off. Some of them have arrested great attention. Still


Washington retains his pre-eminent place in the minds of men, still
his peerless name is cherished by them in the same freshness of delight
as in the morn of its glory. — AsJwr Robbins.

Washington served us chiefly by his sublime moral qualities. To
him belonged the proud distinction of being the leader in a revolution,
without awakening one doubt or solicitude as to the spotless purity
of his purpose. His was the glory of being the brightest manifestation
of the spirit which reigned in this country, and in this way he became
a source of energy, a bond of union, the center of an enlightened
people's confidence.

By an instinct which is unerring, we call Washington, with
grateful reverence, The Father of His Country, but not its
saviour. A people which wants a saviour, which does not possess
an earnest and pledge of freedom in its own heart, is not yet ready to
be free. — William E. Charming.

Jefferson said of Washington: " His integrity was the most pure,
his justice the most inflexible I have ever known, no motives of inter-
est, or consanguinity, or hatred being able to bias his decision. He
was, in every sense of the words, a wise, a good, and a great man."

As the ocean washes every shore, and, with all-embracing arms,
clasps every land, while on its heaving bosom it bears the products
of various climes, so peace surrounds, protects and upholds all other
blessings. Without it, commerce is vain, the ardor of industry is
restrained, justice is arrested, happiness is blasted, virtue sickens and
dies. And peace has its own peculiar victories, in comparison with
which Marathon and Bannockburn and Bunker Hill, fields sacred in
the history of human freedom, shall lose their lustre. Our own Wash-
ington rises to a truly heavenly stature, not when we follow him over
the ice of the Delaware to the capture of Trenton, not when we behold
him victorious over Cornwallis at Yorktown, but when we regard him,
in noble deference to justice, refusing the kingly crown which a faith-
less soldiery proffered, and, at a later day, upholding the peaceful neu-
trality of the country while he received unmoved the clamor of the
people wickedly crying for war. — Charles Sumner.


I see in Washington a great soldier who fought a trying war to
a successful end, impossible without him; a great statesman, who did
more than all other men to lay the foundations of a republic which has
endured in prosperity for more than a century. I find in him a marvel-
lous judgment which was never at fault, a penetrating vision which
beheld the future of America when it was dim to other eyes, a great
intellectual force, a will of iron, an unyielding grasp of facts, and an
unequalled strength of patriotic purpose. I see in him, too, a pure
and high-minded gentleman of dauntless courage and stainless honor,
simple and stately of manner, kind and generous of heart. Such he
was in truth. The historian and the biographer may fail to do him
justice, but the instinct of mankind will not fail. The real hero needs
not books to give him worshipers. George Washington will always
receive the love and reverence of men, because they see embodied in
him the noblest possibilities of humanity. — Henry Cabot Lodge.

To us, citizens of America, it belongs, above all others, to show
respect to the memory of Washington, by the practical deference which
we pay to those sober maxims of public policy which he has left us, —
a last testament of affection in his Farewell Address. Of all the exhor-
tations which it contains, I scarce need say to you that none are so
emphatically uttered, none so anxiously repeated, as those that enjoin
the preservation of the union of these states. No one can read the
Farewell Address without feeling that this was the thought, and this
the care which lay nearest and heaviest upon that noble heart; and if,
which Heaven forbid, the day shall ever arrive when his parting coun-
sels on that head shall be forgotten, on that day, come it soon or
come it late, it may as mournfully as truly be said that " Washington
has lived in vain." Then the vessels, as they ascend and descend the
Potomac, may toll their bells with new significance as they pass
Mount Vernon; they will strike the requiem of constitutional liberty
for us, — for all nations. — Edward Everett, Oration on Washington.

A great and venerated character like that of Washington, which
commands the respect of an entire population, however divided on
other questions, is not an isolated fact in history to be regarded with
barren admiration; it is a dispensation of Providence for good.



It was well said by Mr. Jefferson, in 1792, writing to Washington
to dissuade him from declining a renomination: " North and South
will hang together while they have you to hang to."

Washington in the flesh is taken from us; we shall never behold
him as our Fathers did; but his memory remains, and I say, let us hang
to his memory. Let us make a national festival and holiday of his
birthday; and ever, as the 22d of February returns, let us remember
that, while with these solemn and joyous rites of observance we cele-
brate the great anniversary, our fellow-citizens on the Hudson, on the
Potomac, from the Southern plains to the Western lakes, are engaged
in the same offices of gratitude and love. — Edzvard Everett, Oration on

We are met to celebrate the one hundred and tenth anniversary
of the birthday of Washington.

Washington is the mightiest name on earth, long since mightiest
in the cause of civil liberty, still mightiest in moral reformation.

On that name a eulogy is expected. It cannot be. To add bright-
ness to the sun or glory to the name of Washington is alike impos-
sible. Let none attempt it.

In solemn awe pronounce the name, and, in its naked, deathless
splendor, leave it shining on. — Abraham Lincoln.

If Washington had one passion more strong than any other, it
was love of country. The purity and ardor of his patriotism were
commensurate with the greatness of its object. Love of country in
him was invested with the sacred obligations of a duty, and from the
faithful discharge of this duty he never swerved for a moment, either
in thought or deed, throughout the whole period of his eventful career.
— J area 1 Sparks.

It has been said Washington was not a great soldier; but certainly
he created an army out of the roughest materials, outgeneralled all
that Britain could send against him, and, in the midst of poverty and
distress, organized victory. He was not brilliant and rapid. He was
slow, defensive, and victorious. He made " an empty bag stand



upright," which, Franklin says, is " hard." Some men command the
world, or hold its admiration, by their ideas or by their intellect. Wash-
ington had neither original ideas nor a deeply-cultured mind. He com-
manded by his integrity, by his justice. He loved power by instinct,
and strong government by reflective choice. Twice he was made
Dictator, with absolute power, and never abused the awful and despotic
trust. The monarchic soldiers and civilians would make him king.
He trampled on their offer, and went back to his fields of corn and
tobacco at Mount Vernon. The grandest act of his public life was
to give up his power; the most magnanimous deed of his private life
was to liberate his slaves. Cromwell is the greatest Anglo-Saxon who

Online LibraryCharles Rufus SkinnerManual of patriotism : for use in the public schools of the State of New York → online text (page 15 of 31)